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COMMERCE AND MANUFACTURES. An Essay on the Manufacture of Straw Bonnets, containing an Historical Account of the Introduction of the Manufacture, &c.: with Moral, Political, and Miscellaneous Remarks. 18mo. pp. 69. Provi. dence. Barnum, Field, & Co.


A Polyglot Grammar of the Hebrew, Chaldee, Syriac, Greek, Latin, English, French, Italian, Spanish, and German Languages, reduced to one Common Rule of Syntax, &c. with an extensive Index, intended to simplify the Study of the Languages. By Samuel Barnard. 8vo. pp. 312. New York.

Wilder & Campbell.


The History of New England, from 1630 to 1649. By John Winthrop, first Governor of Massachusetts, with Notes by James Savage, with an elegant Engraving of the Author. Vol. I. 8vo. Price $3. Boston.

A Particular Account of the Battle of Bunker, or Breed's Hill, on the 17th of June, 1775. By a Citizen of Boston. 8vo. Boston. Cummings, Hilliard, and Co.


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Magee on the Atonement. From the last London edition. In 2 vols. 8vo. Philadelphia. S. Potter & Co.

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Travels in the Central Portions of the Mississippi Valley: com

prising observations on the Mineral Geography, Internal Resources, and Aboriginal Population. Performed under the sanction of Government, in the Year 1821. By HENRY R. SCHOOLCRAFT, U. S. I. A., &c. &c. New York. 1825. 8vo.

pp. 459.

By the treaties concluded between the United States and the Indians, at Spring Wells, St Mary's, and Saginaw, we acquired the larger and better part of the Michigan peninsula. But we had not yet gotten the whole—and as the Indian tribes had melted away until they were too few to hunt through the land reserved by them, and the game was getting very scarce, our national rulers, who, in their purchases of territory, illustrate the “ nil actum credens, dum quid superesset agendum” admirably, thought it might be well to “extinguish the Indian title” to so much of the territory between the Lakes and the northern boundary of Indiana, as it still embraced. Accordingly, Governor Cass and Solomon Sibley were appointed, in 1821, commissioners to meet the Indians at Chicago, and make the contemplated purchase; Mr Schoolcraft was secretary of the commission, and this volume is the record of his journey from Detroit to Chicago. The commissioners chose rather a circuitous route ;-the Indian trail, from the sources of the Raisin to Chicago, is computed to be about three hundred miles, but they saw fit to go down the Wabash to Shawnee-town, thence across Illinois to

St Louis, and thence up the Illinois to Chicago,—which, as we should judge from the map, about quadrupled their journey. But Mr Schoolcraft has made so pleasant a book out of his experiences, that we should not have found fault had his travels, and this record of them, been much longer. The country through which his course lay, is interesting on many accounts; he appears to be an excellent observer, and tells well what he sees. There is no affectation about him-unless it be in an occasional preference of scientific terms over common words, which mean precisely the same thing, -and in its literary character, the volume is highly respectable, and creditable to its author. In the Introduction Mr Schoolcraft describes his work so accurately, that we will use his own words.

This work does not aspire to the graver character of elementary compositions, either in geography or statistics, in natural science, or in moral research, while its details will occasionally partake of each. A narrative of daily events, will be interspersed with historical, descriptive, and practical observations, with accounts of what the country has been, and speculations respecting what it will be, and with such “ appliances to boot” as the time or the subject may suggest. With these we shall blend notices of the physical resources of the country; more especially in reference to the sciences of mineralogy and geology, and such passing remarks on the still imperfectly described manners and customs of the Indian tribes, as we can feel a confidence in presenting. To be faithful in what we advance, will be to compass our highest aim. Thoughts committed to paper in the hurry of voyaging, often by the light of a camp-fire at night, and literally revised " in the depths of the wilderness,” will not be expected to bring to the classical scholar, either the charms of diction, or the exactness of literary ease. With these remarks the reader will be enabled to follow us in the description of the voyage more understandingly; and we shall only entreat that he will not take it ill, if the narration becomes tedious, when the journey is so.

The voyagers, having provided themselves with a light travelling canoe, sailed along the southern shore of Erie, and after a gale, which exposed them to some danger, they reachea Maumee bay. The first and second chapters contain long accounts of the Indian wars of that vicinity. Perhaps Mr Schoolcraft tells nothing, or very little, that is absolutely new, but his relations are interesting. The following paragraph may serve to show how well the human character adapts itself to all kinds of circumstances and exigencies. If this heroic wife and mother had lived where the warhoop was never heard and the dangers and horrors of Indian warfare never reached, the strongest traits of her character might have never been developed and known.

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On the 24th, the dwelling-house of a Mr John Merril, in Nelson County, Kentucky, was attacked by a party of eight Indians. Mr Merril was first alarmed by the barking of his dog. On going to the door he received the fire of the assailants, which broke his right leg and arm. They now attempted to enter the house, but were anticipated in their movement by Mrs Merril and her daughter, who closed the door in so effectual a manner as to keep them at bay. They next began to bew a passage through the door, and one of the warriors attempted to enter through the aperture: but the resolute mother seizing an axe, gave him a fatal blow npon the head, and then with the assistance of her daughter drew his body in. His companions without, not apprized of his fate, but supposing him successful, followed through the same aperture, and four of the number were thus killed before their mistake was discovered. They now retired a few moments, but soon returned, and renewed their exertions to force the house. Despairing of entering by the door, they climbed upon the roof, and made an effort to descend by the chimney. Mr Merril now directed his little son to empty the contents of a feather-bed upon the fire, which soon caused so dense and pungent a smoke, as nearly to suffocate those who had made this desperate attempt, and two of them fell into the fire-place. The moment was critical; the mother and daughter could not quit their stations at the door; and the husband, though groaning with his broken leg and arm, rousing every exertion, seized a billet of wood, and with repeated blows despatched the two half-smothered Indians. In the meantime the mother had repelled a fresh assault upon the door, and severely wounded one of the persons who attempted simultaneously to enter there, while the others descended the chimney.

These things occurred in 1793. It is interesting to contrast with such passages those which tell how the theatre of these horrors appears now.

The road is carried along the immediate banks of the stream, seldom deviating so far as completely to exclude it from the eye. We were pleased to see, where recent openings had been made in the forest, that the farmers had evinced the good taste to leave a number of the tallest and finest oaks, elms, and honey-locusts, as shade trees. Wherever the trees had been indiscriminately felled, the marly character of the soil, covered with a coat of impalpable dust, united to the great heat of the weather, rendered our progress slow and oppressive.

A short distance above Presque Isle, we turned from onr way to inspect the construction of a newly finished grist-mill, driven by horsepower, and built on the principle of the inclined plane ;-a method which is daily coming in vogue, in those level parts of the western country, where waterfalls are rarely to be found. It is recommended hy the simplicity of its mechanism, and great cheapness; two important considerations in a district of country, in which neither money nor mechanics can be said to be superabundant. Here, the gentlemen from Fort Meigs took leave of us, and left us to reflect how much we stood in need of their remarks and experience in the subsequent parts of our journey.

A series of well-enclosed and well-cultivated farms, characterizes this

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