« НазадПродовжити »
his productions were performed. But we will leave the discussion of this
Enter two Centinels.
The partners of my watch, bid them make haste.
Enter Horatio and Marcellus.
Mar. And leegemen to the Dane, &c.
In what perticular thought, to worke I know not,
(410. of 1611.) Whereas the newly-found Play reads
In what particular to worke I know not
This bodes some strange eruption to the state.
Er all but Hamlet.
Vnrigteous teares had left their flushing
But breake my heart, for I must hold my tongue. We cannot go through the minutes of the new (old) Play, and point out where it differs and coincides with the later copies. After the above Soliloquy, Horatio enters with “ Health (not hail) to your lordship;" and the dialogue continues to, “For Godsake let me beare it.”
A fine Shaksperian expression occurs here in the line usually printed, " In the dead waste (or even waist) and middle of the night,” which is
In the dead Vast and middle of the night. Opelia appears as usual. The Ghost appears to Hamlet at the line,
More honoured in the breach than in observance. Hamlet's Soliloquy, on his entrance after Opelia's correspondence is shown, runs thus :
To be, or not to be, I there's the point.
Lady in thy orizons, be all my sinnes remembred. This is a poor version; but, passing over the intervening scenes which follow the common course, we come to the most remarkable difference in the whole—the famous Closet Scene; though in doing so we omit the beginning (here)
Why what dung idiote slaue ame I,
and that in the advice to the players, where “ town criar” reads “a towne bull bellow.” There is one striking word in the Play Scene, which removes a pbrase that has been much objected to
Ham. Lady will you give me leave, and so forth:
Oph. No my Lord.
contrary matters. But we are brought to a conclusion, and can only add some remarkable passages of the Closet Scene:
Looke you nowe here is your husband
Enter the Ghost in his Night Gowne. Hamlet exclaims
Saue me, saue you gratious
Powers above, &c.
Alas it is the weakeness of thy braine
Ham. Idle, no mother my pulse doth beate like yours
Queene. Hamlet, I row by that Majesty
Ham. It is enough, mother good night. These are very striking, and would have tempted us to go farther in this analysis, but we trust we have done enough to satisfy, in a sufficient measure, the intense curiosity which this book has raised in every literary circle--and the more so, as we have learnt, with much gratification, that Messrs Payne and Foss are about to commit the Hamlet to the press, for a literatim impression. They will greatly oblige the public by this judicious conduct, and every lover of Shakspeare, i. e. every lover of literature, will thank them for it. The work may be looked for in about a fortnight.
The original volume is valued at from 2001. to 3001. by the Philobiblios."
APPLICATION OF A PRINCIPLE IN HYDROSTATICS.
The acquisition of knowledge and the application of it to the practical business of life are very different things. The former engages our almost exclusive attention, while its results are valuable to us chiefly as they are possessed in connexion with the latter. Philosophers spend their lives in the investigation of abstract principles, while they are often taught all that is useful by the practical mechanic, who could not state bis knowledge in the form of a principle at all. These two things, so distinct in all our systems of instruction, yet so inseparable for all practical purposes, ought to be learned more in connexion with each other. They would then lend mutual aid. The philosophical investigation of principles would be much facilitated, and would proceed with much surer steps, by a constant reference to the facts and phenomena from which they are derived. And the observer of facts would be much aided by knowing how to class them, as they present themselves, and where to look for those suitable to verify, restrict, or extend the application of a doubtful, vague, or limited principle. The abstract principles of science, as learned by philosophers, are generally much in advance of their practical applications in the common pursuits and business of life. Most of the splendid discoveries which characterize our age, are but combinations and applications of principles, which have long been understood. We are much more indebted to those, who reduce to practice and promulgate a useful discovery, than to those who rest satisfied with having made it. Because, however the individual may enjoy in private his own inventions, the world of mankind are not made glad by them, till they are turned to some practical account, which affects their condition and happiness.
It would be of incalculable utility both the philosopher and the artisan in their different pursuits, to bring science and the arts together -to learn theory and practice at the same time—and to observe phenomena, and trace the laws, which govern them, as parts of the same process in acquiring knowledge. It is well, therefore, occasionally to apply to phenomena the principles by which they are explained ; and as locks and canals are so much the order of the day, a principle in hydrostatics is here applied to explain the great pressure upon the gate of a canal lock, wben the water is high upon it, but when there is little difference in the height on each side.
Let us suppose the gate to be ten feet long and the water to be ten feet deep on the upper side, and nine on the lower side. At first thought it would seem that the pressure of the nine feet on one side, would exactly counteract the pressure of pine feet on the other; and that the gate would be pressed with only one foot, in the same manner as if there were water of but one foot deep pressing the gate on one side, and none on the other. But this is not the fact. In this case, each foot of the top of the gate would be pressed by the weight of one half of a cubic foot of water, or 314 lbs, which, on ten feet in length, would amount to 312} lbs. This pressure might be easily overcome, and the gate opened with a lever of small power and with but little strength. But this one foot of water on the top acts on all the water below, and causes a pressure on each foot twice as great as it exerts itself on the ypper foot of the gate.
The pressure on the upper side of the gate, then, by the principles of hydrostatics, is
10 x 10 x 621
= 3125 lbs.
2 for each foot in length; and for the whole ten feet
10 x 3125 = 31250 lbs; the pressure on the lower side, by the same principles, is
9 x 9 x 621
x 10 = 25312) lbs.
2 The difference is 59374 lbs. which is the actual pressure upon the upper side of the gate under the supposed circumstances. As the gate is turned towards the upper lock with a lever of but small power, we may suppose one man to be able to move about 200 lbs. At this rate it would require the strength of 30 men to move it.
A History of the Lexington Battle, 19th of April, 1775. By Elias Phinney. Price 31 cents. Boston. Lincoln and Edmands.
Town Officer; or, Laws of Massachusetts relative to the Duty of Municipal Oficers; together with a Digest of the Decisions of the Supreme Judicial Court upon those subjects. By Isaac Goodwin, Counsellor at Law. 12mo. Worcester. Dorr & Howland.
A Digest of the Probate Laws of Massachusetts, relative to the Power and Duty of Executors, Administrators, Guardians, Heirs, Legatees, and Creditors. To which is subjoined an Appendix of Forms. By Joshua Prescott, Esq. Consellor at Law. Boston. Richardson & Lord.
The Virginia Justice, comprising the Office and Authority of a Justice of the Peace in the Commonwealth of Virginia, &c. To which is added, an Appendix, containing all the most approved forms in Conveyancing. Also, the Duties of a Justice of the Peace, arising under the Laws of the United States. By William Waller Hening, Counsellor at Law. The Fourth Edition, revised, corrected, and greatly enlarged. Richmond, Va.
MATHEMATICS. The Mathematical Diary. No. II. For April, 1825. Conducted by Robert Adrain, LL. D. F. A. P. S. F. A. A. S. &c. and Professor of Mathematics in Columbia College. New York. James Ryan.
Memoir on the Discovery of a Specific Medicine for the Cure and Prevention of the Yellow Fever, Plague, Malignant and Pestilential Fevers, with Documents, &c. By John James Giraud, M. D. of Balti
8v pp. 23. Baltimore. William Woody.