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fended the tower, they seemed to linger he bad sought and found the protection to enjoy the decline of day.
of his old friend, Sir Frederick Oakwood, The conversation, however, did not who had made him his domestic chappartake of, or chime in with, the quiet lain in Ireland, and he now continued and tranquil character of the scene, but at Oakwood, by desire of the present turned to the disturbed and distracted possessor. To him was Lady Sackville state of the country, ravaged and deso- addressing herself, as her daughter enlated, in many places, by bands of ma- tered the room, bewailing the delay of rauding ruffians, who, under the pre- the letters, and the irregularity of the tence of a commission from Tyrconnell, packet. bronght fire and sword wherever they Lady Sackville, one of the most celecame. Serious were the doubts ex- brated beauties of the gay court of pressed by the owner of Oakwood as to Charles the Second, was, as Count de the propriety of remaining any longer Grammont once said, “ as handsome as in the country; and, alluding to the her daughter, and twice as young." In departure of thousands with the Lord fact, her vivacity of manner, her exLieutenant, he expressed his determina- trernely sweet voice, and her elegance tion of removing his sister to England and grace, made her look a dozen years immediately. “Though, Heaven knows," younger than she was. It was this gay, he repeated, " in the distracted condition lively lady, who now engaged the Rev. of that country, there will soon be but Hugo D'Lisle in conversation about her little safety ; yet our letters, dear girls, absent lord, but she quickly turned from will inform us better of the actual state her somewhat unwilling auditor to Henry of things, and of your father, I trust, Oakwood, and sought from him that Florence."
verbal consolation which, with D’Lisle, “ Lady Sackville," said Lucy, “ has was only monosyllabic in character. been very anxious about Sir Arthur for T he chief servant now entered, bearsome time, and has conjured up such ing two large silver branches, with half melancholy pictures as almost to blanch a dozen candles in each, which he placed her daughter's cheek."
on the table, and, at the same time, " I could scarcely, Lucy, help being presented his master with the keys of anxious about my father, though I plead the outer gates, which, for precaution, not guilty to the charge of being ter- were regularly locked at nightfall. rified."
Lady Sackville composed herself to As she spoke, the great bell of the fondle the King Charles dog ; Lucy castle, hung just beneath, was tolled, to recommenced her embroidery, while mark the sunset hour, and to summon Florence played on and sang to the lute all stragglers in before the outer gates at intervals, and Henry, engaged in arwere closed, and, as its mellow sound ranging his papers, stopped ever and resounded through the still evening air, again to listen to the sweet melodies it awoke the sleeping echoes of the hills, breathed forth by one of the inost musi. and reverberated, now distinctly and - cal voices in the kingdom. As Florence then faintly, till the chiming died away, sang one of Şedley's charming little As the last stroke sounded, the Oak, songs, Lady Sackville raised herself woods and Florence Sackville left the from her languid indolence, and listened turret, casting as they did one look into with attention. When the refrain was the gathering night, for the strange ship concluded, she broke the silence that they had been watching, but even Lucy's ensued, with quick eyes could not discern it through “Ah! Florence, you can scarcely do the thick veil of vapour spread over the justice to Sedley's witchcraft, as the scene.
king used to call it. There was a grace In the chamber in the more modern of expression and a courtly manner about part of the house, which they now en- all he did, most captivating. The verses tered, sat Lady Sackville, in conversa- you have just sung, he wrote, poor feltion with a grave-looking man, who, low, on my marriage, when, for a few from his appearance, seemed to be a hours, he was plunged into despair !!! clergyman. He was, in fact, a French And, as she indulged in this reminisProtestant, who, in order to escape the cence of her youthful beauty, the lady continued persecutions of Louis the sighed over the days of Wilmot and of Fourteenth, had fled to England, where Sedley.
“The merry monarch,” said Lucy, last reign so much as being appealed to “ was no prophet: did he not say that for her anecdotes of the witty though Sedley's verses would live for ever, and licentious court of Charles the Second, here, already, they are almost out of and she prepared to answer Henry Oakfashion."
wood with alacrity, when a loud knock“Oh !” cried Henry Oakwood, “ you ing resounded at the outer door, and a rather misrepresent the king's expres- general confusion seemed to pervade the sion. I think it was that Sedley, as a house. model, would last as long as the lan- Henry Oakwood abruptly left the guage ; but Lady Sackville, I believe, room, desiring the ladies to remain towas present at the time."
gether until he returned. Nothing delighted this beauty of the
CHAPTER II.-AN UNEXPECTED GUEST, HIS TIDINGS AND THEIR CONSEQUENCES.
-He ne'er is crowned With immortality, who fears to follow Where airy voices lead.—Keats.
As Henry Oakwood hurried along the short time before, from the vessel, and oak-panelled corridor which led to the immediately after saw her strike the entrance-hall of the mansion, whence rock. the noise and confusion appeared to “Lose no time, my men," said Vakproceed, a rapid succession of ideas wood; “man the boats ; I myself will thronged through his mind : the dis- lead you. The night is very calm; how tracted condition of the place in which could the accident have happened ?” he lived--the armed bands of licensed "True, your honour," replied one of plunderers who roamed through the the boatmen; “ but I reckon the strancountry—the present plans of James ger is a foreigner, by her build, and the Second, whose purposes, Oakwood, that the ways of the bay were uuknownst with the generality of the people, feared to her." and distrusted—the position of his bro- At this moment, another gun was ther Reginald, attached to the unpopu- heard, startling the stillness of the lar court of Mary of Modena-his own August night, and, hastily stepping out opinions, so opposed to that brother's, on the terrace, Henry Oakwood quickly with reference to the Prince of Orange walked down the lawn, cleared the low and the succession to the throne ; all fence at the bottom at a bound, and these considerations, with a thousand was soon treading the white and glis. others to which they gave birth, careered tening beach, followed by the fishermen before his mind, and produced the same who had brought the intelligence, and sort of sensation which a drowning man by many of the servants from the is said to experience, when, in one swift house. instant, every incident of his past life. The moon was up, and shining gloevery scene which he ever visited, every riously; and, when a turn of the bay crime he ever committed, every word revealed the perilous position of the illthat ever passed his lips—is daguerreo- fated vessel, stranded, as it seemed, on typed upon the brain as with a flash of the dark and dangerous rock, to which, lightning.
from its grotesque shape, the country As he entered the hall, he met one of people had given the name of the the servants hurrying along, and, in re- “Bull”-no doubt, from its fancied reply to his eager questionings, he learned semblance to the animal—the light that a vessel was said to be on the Bull showed distinctly the people on the deck, rock, at the entrance to the bay, and and the ear could catch the orders issued that the alarm had been just given by by the captain to the sailors. Scarcely, some of the fishermen of the little neigh. however, had Oakwood leaped into a bouring village. A group of these men, boat, which was instantly manned, in who had ceased their clamouring at the order to succour the persons on board, appearance of Oakwood, informed him when the ship, with a long grinding that they had heard a signal gun, a noise, went off the lower and sunken part of the rock on which she had of the time; a consistent and liberal grounded, and floated into the deep politician, an earnest and unflinching water. A loud cheer from the crew, supporter of the Church. Sir Arthur responded to by the groups on shore, Sackville was adored by his own party assured Oakwood that all was safe, but and hated by the other. And now, he nevertheless desired his men to row dressed in a dark travelling suit, and towards the stranger, lest any injury muffled in a long cloak, he walked up might have been sustained by her in the terraces with Oakwood ; whilst in her contact with the reef.
the alertness and decision of his step, On nearing the vessel, Henry per- in his full sentences, delivered in his ceived, standing near the bow, Sir Ar- deep and resonant voice, in his broad, thur Sackville, whom he had believed white forehead, on which the moonto have been at the court of William of beams shone, one could trace the force Orange for some time past, and whose and energy of his character, and well presence in this country was a dangerous understand the influence he had acstep, obnoxious as he was to James the quired and the power he wielded in the Second, as a partisan of his son-in-law, days of 1688. William, and notorious as a steady op- He had, twenty years before, served ponent of the aggressive measure of with Churchhill, then a young man, in the ill-advised and obstinate monarch the expedition against Tangiers, where against the rights and liberties of the his bravery and discretion were the people of England.
theme of universal praise. In the faSir Arthur recognised the steersman mous campaigns of Louis the Fourof the boat, and, tossing his trunk and teenth against the United Provinces, cloak into the hands of the rowers, Sackville served as a volunteer in the leaped in, and desired Henry to make army of Amsterdam, and fought against for the land.
the French and their English auxiliary Perceiving that a number of the force, in which his old companion in boats from the village were now has- arms, Churchhill, was serving under tening to the spot, and that such assig- Turenne. tance as might be necessary would be On his return, he retired to his own promptly rendered, Oakwood turned property in the South of England, and the head of the boat for that part of the there, in study, passed the next few shore nearest the mansion house and years of his life, having first, however, most remote from the village, believing married the celebrated court beauty it the wish of Sir Arthur (which it really whom we have already introduced to was) to escape notice as much as pos- our readers, and where, in retirement, sible.
he had remained till the marriage of During their short row little was William of Orange with the Princess said, and that little in an undertone, Mary, when he had visited the court which was inaudible to the crew; and of the Hague, since which time he had until the boat grated against the sand been the adviser and counsellor of the and shingle, the unexpected visitor bad sagacious Prince who was destined one not asked after Lady Sackville, or his day to rule this great country. daughter, but then, when alone with As Alison, the historian, remarks :Henry, his inquiries were anxious and 6 One of the inost interesting and inincessant.
structive lessons to be learned from Sir Arthur Sackville, one of the most biography is derived from observing the distinguished men of the day, as a long steps, the vast amount of previous statesman was remarkable, and as a preparation, the numerous changes, soldier was renowned. Integrity of some prosperous, some adverse, by mind and rectitude of conduct, un- which the powers of a great man are swerving honour and undaunted cou- formed, and is prepared for playing the rage, were vot the least parts of his important part which it is intended he character. Graceful in conversation, should perform on the theatre of the courtly and captivating in manner, a world. Providence does nothing in shrewd, clever man of the world, yet an vain, and when it has selected a partielegant and accomplished literary man, cular mind for a great achievement, the the friend of Dryden, Congreve, Wy- events which happen to it seem to con. cherley, Suckling, and the other poets spiro in a mysterious way for its dovelopment. Were any one omitted, some of the heroic William-of his perseessential quality in the character of the verance, his simple, steady, and unwavfuture hero, statesman, or philosopher, ering resolution, and his firm principles ; would be found to be wanting.” besides, he had served under William
It was to illustrate this principle, thus on the Continent, and was a personal eloquently enunciated by the Historian friend of the Princess of Orange. The of Europe, that we briefly sketched the arguments, the exhortations, and the previous career of Sir Arthur Sackville appeals of the man of action fell into up to the period at which we present prepared ground for their reception in him to our readers ; and we beg of them the mind of the man of thought; and to remember the incidents we have hur- when Sackville drew from his casket a riedly noted.
letter from the prince, Oakwood had The first joyous greetings with his made up his mind to risk everything wife and child over, and the excitement and join his standard. and bustle of his arrival having sub- “ Need I tell you, Oakwood, that alsided, the statesman of fifty and the ready we have received assurances of student of five-and-twenty were soon support from half England-aye, and engaged in close, serious, and earnest that even Churchhill, favourite and conversation. In clear, forcible, and minion as he was and is of James', has energetic language, did the veteran of sent us his adhesion.” He thinks the court display to the country gen- it what he owes to God and his countleman the dangerous and insecure po- try ;'* but he continues in the service of sition of the reigning monarch. He his patron until the prince has need of touched on the king's strong prejudices him.” for his religion, he reminded Oakwood Oakwood started with surprise that of James' daring character in temporal Churchhill, the most devoted adherent matters, and he urged, with reason, that of James, the general, by whose ability no efforts had been spared, or would be the crown had been preserved during omitted, by the monarch, for the aggran- the rebellion of Monmouth-that he disement and support of an unpopular should desert his royal master could religion. He pointed out to his auditor scarcely be believed. the parallel which France had just wit- “Gratitude might have kept him, nessed, and from the effects of which Sir Arthur,” said Henry ; “but my she was suffering.
brother”—and he paused—“ what says “ The Edict of Nantes,” he conti- he ?" nued, “my dear Henry, has been re- A slight shade of embarrassment voked within the last three years, nearly crossed the handsome features of the half a million of the most industrious, diplomatist, as he replied—“ Alas! he the best educated, and most liberal ci- bas been sounded, but in vain ; he is tizens of France we have seen exiles wholly devoted to the king, and is a and strangers throughout the world. willing slave to the cunning arts and Look at D'Lisle driven from his native allurements of her of Modena.” country by such wrongs and injuries as “ You wrong the queen, Sackville, these ; and do you imagine that James and Reginald no less : though I detest is behind in the work ? Look at the the mingled cruelty and incapacity of condition of the country, see your Bi- James, yet her majesty is above scanshops ill-treated and despised-mark, dal.” ay look well, Henry, at the heir to the “Ha!" laughed Sir Arthur, who, like crown, as they call the puny change- all the ultra-Orange supporters, singled ling baptized by an Italian priest. The out the queen as the object of their hour is come, boy, when the blow must most pointed and bitter attacks—“Ha! be struck, and the hand who strikes it ha! You do not, then, believe in the must be William of Orange!"
warming-pan, in which worthy transacOakwood was, as we have already tion Reginald assisted. Why, it is nomentioned, an opponent of the com- torious that the prince, as they call bined encroachments on the rights and him, is the child of a washerwoman, liberties of the nation, which James was whom they have brought to nurse him ; daily making ; he was also an admirer but his life will be a short one, as, unless
* Letter of Churchhill, 4th August, 1688.
they change him again, the infant is ing it. Yet, what say you to the likely to die.”
prince's letter? Weigh it and consider “My dear Sir Arthur, you surely do it well before you reject his offer." not believe in that vulgar story; it is to “I accept it,” said Henry, decidedly. me incredible on the face of it.”
Sir Arthur smiled with pleasure at “I believe the Italian capable of any- this declaration of his friend, and, rising thing."
from his seat, grasped his hand warmly. " And Reginald of conniving at such “ You are now one of us,” said he ; a fraud ?"
"and three months will see William of “ No ! not exactly ; but-not perceiv- Orange on the throne of England !”.
(To be Continued.) Ertes / Login
THE ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE IN THE MIDDLE AGES.
TAE barbarian tribes, during the fourth, rately to decipher. As regards the adfifth, and sixth centuries, poured down ministration of justice among them, litupon the provinces of the Roman empire tle information is to be obtained except in overwhelming floods. The inhabi- what may be deduced from what we tants, enfeebled by long tyranny and ex- know of their manners, customs, and tortion, scarcely offered even a show of form of government. From this it reresistance. Their savage conquerors quires no great stretch of reasoning to entertained slight respect for life, litera- conclude at least, that the magistrate, ture, property, or any of the products of if such he could be called, possessed lit. civilization that met them in their ca- tle more than a shadow of authority. reer of murder and destruction. Wher. His tribunal was very rarely had reever they came, they spread waste and course to, except perhaps by the lower bloodshed. In senseless ferocity, they orders of the people, or for the settledestroyed an immense amount of wealth ment of very minor disputes. The senand property, of whose value their un- timent of personal respect was too deeply tutored minds had no conception. Fa- felt, and too widely disseminated. The mine and pestilence followed in their haughty savage would not submit to train, and completed all that was neces- the decision of any other tribunal than sary to render the period of the barba- that of personal valour, or to any rian settlements one of the most cala- other equity than that dictated by mitous in the history of the human an indestructible vengeance. The race.
person injured had alone to do with Under such a policy, it need not be the offender; and vengeance, not justice, wondered that, at the end of that pe- was the all-powerful motive to his proriod, we find the whole face of Europe secution and punishment. And this completely changed. Scarcely a trace their laws, such as they were, seem to of Rome remained, except perhaps on the have sanctioned and encouraged, so far monastic shelves. The countries of Eu- as to render it incumbent on every one rope had received new names, new in- to pursue with his vengeance him who habitants, new languages, new manners had inflicted an injury upon himself, or and customs. The stern government of on any member of the family to which the empire had been replaced by the he belonged. Such were the system and aparchy and confusion of barbarian principles of judicature which the new democracy, Europe, in fact, had ceased inhabitants of Europe brought with to be Roman, and had become barba- them from their pristine forests; and rian.
these it is necessary to keep in view in For an explanation, therefore, of the surveying the administration of justice strange, and, in some instances, anoma- among them in their adopted countries, lous customs which we find prevailing The feeling of personal, exclusive inin the centuries which succeeded, we dependence, seems to have been the must look almost entirely to the previ- ruling motive of the barbarian in every ons habits and manners of the savage act and under all circumstances. The tribes. These, from the scanty records story told of the bold Frank, at the diwhich we possess, it is not easy accu- vision of spoil during the invasion of