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and our route was along the right bank entered a filthy gateway, at the end of of the one running from the north-east. which I turned to my right, and my We had not proceeded far beyond this guide led me through a pitch-dark point when we were again brought up room. I often hesitated, and half by another torrent rushing into this ; wished to turn back, but I had gone too and, unfortunately for us, the bridge far. I was next requested to ascend a across it had been washed away a few plank, with notches cut in it, which led days before our arrival, and we were to a sort of trap-door in one corner of now compelled to walk across a couple the dark chamber, and on reaching the of slender trees fastened together, form. top of the ladder, I was delighted once ing a very narrow passage. We got more to see day. light. I had now arover, however, without any accident rived at the Rana's receiving-room, a occurring. Having now marched nearly sort of verandah, open in front, and five hours, we were not a little delighted handsomely adorned with beautiful to see Kote-Khye. A most comfortable carved wood-work, but, otherwise, a bungalow has just been completed at most insignificant looking place. After this place. It was erected by Mr. waiting some time, in expectation of Erskine, the Governor-General's agent seeing the Rana, who had just gone out in the hills, and he occupies it iu his to inspect his farm, I made my saoccasional visits to this part of the laam to Jeswupt Sing, and returned to country ; at all other times it is open the Bungalow, not at all envious of for the convenience of travellers. hill-side royalty. This was a most deKote-Khye is certainly the most ro- lightful day, and added much to the mantic little spot I have ever had the charms of Kote-Khye. Thermometer good fortune to visit. The bungalow is in the shade, 69o. situated on an elevated point, over- Thursday, 13th--Before the sun looking the residence of the Rana, and had risen, we again resumed our joursurrounded on three sides by gigantic ney, and marched to a place named mountains towering to the heavens, and Jubul, between twelve and fourteen wooded to their summits. The Rana's miles of a shocking bad road, running stronghold is built on a rock, and has a over a range of high hills, and then asmost imposing appearance. The rock cending until it reaches the village. rises out of a deep dell to the height of Like Kote-Khye, Jubul is built upon a about one hundred and eighty feet, and rock, surrounded by high mountains has a fierce mountain-torrent rush- and rapid streams. One of the hill ing round it on either side. On the chiefs formerly resided at this place; top of this rock the house is situated, and but he died not long ago, leaving oue the streams must be crossed ere access son, a boy about eleven years old, to can be had to the building. The place succeed him; but the Ranee, his momight hold out against almost any force, ther, is the ruler at present. Towards provided large guns were not brought the latter portion of to-day's march, to play upon it; but a few round shot my feet regularly gave up, and it was would soon batter it down. Ther. with much pain that I managed to mometer this day, 69o.

hobble into camp. Our servants did Wednesday, 12th. We made a not arrive till late in the evening, conhalt to-day to get our clothes washed ; sequently we had nothing to eat all and to dry our stores, which have been day from before sunrise. There is one exposed to rain every day since our set. small room at Jubul for the accommoting out. Kote-Khye is a place of some dation of travellers, but I would alnote, as here the revenue of the dis ways prefer pitching the tent to occutrict is collected. The Rana's brother pying the room. waited upon us to-day, and, in the Friday, 14th.-Starting again beevening, I returned the visit ; but I had fore sunrise, we had an uncommonly not the satisfaction of seeing the Rana hot march to the village of Kuroohimself ; but the brother, Jeswunt Kottee. The distance from Jubul Sing, received me, and led me into the is about fourteen miles. The road Rana's apartments. I was obliged to winds along the left bank of the cross one of the torrents by a very nar. Pubur river which feeds the Tous, row plank, much inclined ; and then and the latter empties itself into the climbing up the side of the rock, I Jumna. About half way from Jubul,

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we passed the village of Syrree, on we forded the river a little lower down,

the face of a hill to our left, and a close to its junction with the “ Pubur;" · little beyond this the river takes a turn, but again, one false step at that place,

in the angle of which a remarkable and there would be no chance of being big rock rises, completely surrounded by saved. The path from the river winds water. At the base of this rock, on the up the face of a steep mountain, and waters' edge, there is a small village, following it, we arrived at the village but I could observe no means of coin- called Mudulla. Here there is a sort munication with either bank. The river of liouse for travellers; and as we were however, being very wide at this point, both cold and hungry, we halted until may be fordable throughout the greater the coolies came up, and then lighting part of the year. The scenery during a large fire, we had a splendid breakfast to-day's march was lovely, and S n cooked. It consisted of grilled kid, remarked, that it was equal to that of eggs, and coffee, with lots of chepattees. the Rhine, and bore a great similarity By the time our repast was finished, my to it. On our arrival at Kuroo, there clothes, which I had spread out in the being no bungalow, we sat down under sun, had become perfectly dry, and I left the shade of an old temple, and with Mudulla in a much more comfortable great patience awaited the arrival of the condition than I had been in when I ar. servants and baggage. The former at rived. Eggs and fowl were both prolength made their appearance, but, alas! curable at this village, and of this we we were doomed to starve another day, took advantage by purchasing a stock. for not a coolie came up till nightfall, I was astonished to observe almost half when three or four men arrived, bring- the natives here, and at Kuroo-Kottee, ing with them the tent and S n 's with immepse swelling in their throats, bedding, which latter he shared with and in many instances a ball had formed, me, and we lay down to sleep.

equal in size to the person's head; it had Saturday, 15th... We were up be- a very frightful appearance, but they fore daybreak, and found, to our joy, do not appear to suffer any pain from that all the coolies, with the exception it. I have been informed that this exof one man, had reached our camp traordinary formation is produced by during the night, and the cause of the drinking the snow water; but Captain delay we learnt from one of the ser- Gerrard, in his work on “ Kunnaor," vants whom we always left in charge of says that this cannot be the cause, for, the baggage. He told us that the although the Kunnaorees can get noRanee of Jubul had sent to one of her thing but snow water to drink for many Jemidars with orders to provide a num- months of the year, yet they are not ber of coolies for the conveyance of our so subject to these swellings, or goîtres, baggage, but the fellow refused to obey, as the inhabitants of the forests at the and gave the Ranee's servant a good foot of the hills, and damp grounds, drubbing for daring to make such a where no snow water can be. The demand. We marched from Kuroo- Swiss, and the natives of those parts of Kottee just as the sun passed above the Italy in the neighbourhood of the Alps, horizon; and continuing our course along are also grievously afflicted with this the valley of the Pubur, had not pro- disease. We had determined on pitchceeded far, when we were obliged to ing our tent at the village of Chegong ford a broad and rapid torrent. The to-day, but, when within about musketcurrent was so great, that we required shot of the place, we were forced to halt, the use of both hands and a stick to in consequence of the bridge having balance ourselves, and had, consequent- been washed away by the rising of the ly, to keep our shoes and stockings on torrent, which flows immediately under our feet; the water in some places was the village. The natives told us that up to our hips, and, even with a stick to it would be quite impossible to cross support me, I should not have reached until the waters had gubsided, which the opposite bank in safety but for the would perhaps be a month or more; but assistance which my dhooly afforded me. we felt rather reluctant to encamp here The water of this stream was the cold for a whole month, and much more so est I had ever felt. On gaining the to go back to Simla. There was no opposite side we found that we might scarcity of timber for forming a bridge, have saved ourselves much trouble had as the banks on either side were cover

ed with the trunks of trees which had of their laziness, or rather want of been carried down by the force of the energy and public spirit. Every one torrent. We selected a varrow spot in seems to think that it is the business of the river, and commenced building a his neighbour to undertake the making pier of large blocks and stones, while of a bridge, or the repairing of a road, the villagers did the same on the oppo- and in this way a public duty is nesite side. We then endeavoured to glected. We breakfasted at Chegong, dessen the distance across the river by under the shade of a large tree, and, felling an immense tree which was after breakfast, continued our journey growing out of the bank, but no sooner along the left bank of the Pubur. The was our labour of cutting it down first portion of this day's march was de. finished, than the river, as if in mockery lightful, and the road, for some distance, of our efforts, carried it off like a reed. runs close to the river's edge, which is Before nightfall we had a pier raised on well sheltered from the sun's rays by either side, but as the darkness ap- large trees ; but the latter part of the proached, we were obliged to leave off; journey was most fatiguing. The path and finding a dry spot in the bed of the begins abruptly to ascend, and continues river, on it we pitched our tent for the winding up the face of the mountain to night.

the end of the march. In many places Sunday, 16th.--Got up at dawn, we were obliged to climb up steep after having passed a most disagreeable stairs, rudely formed of rough stones, night. I could think of nothing but and in other parts, again, to bathe fearful torrent, and the roar of the lance ourselves along broad slabs of waters sounded as if immediately under rock, having smooth surfaces and inmy pillow; I twisted, and turned, and clined outwards. To have made a false covered my head up in the bedclothes, step on one of these would have been but it was all in vain. Several times I attended with fearful consequences, the imagined I heard the piers falling, but mountain side, not only perpendicular it was only the sounding noise of the in many spots, but overhanging and large stones rolling along the bottom, sloping inwards, and the Pubur roaring unable to withstand the force of the at its base, upwards of a thousand feet current. We were delighted in the below. It was late in the evening when morning to observe that the river had we reached the village of Peika, situatfallen considerably during the night, ed on the summit of a very high mounaud also to find that a number of na- taip, beautifully wooded to the very top. tives had collected on either side to We pitched our little tent under the assist us in the completion of our very shade of a fine large horse-chesnut tree, necessary work. We first placed four the first I have yet seen. The scenery timbers on each pier, in such a manner at this place is magnificent. The village as considerably shortened the space, is some thousands of feet above the and these we made fast by placing a river, and the valley exceedingly narpile of large stones on the top of them; row, which gives the mountains on two long trunks were then laid across either side an appearance of being the stream, and on these flat stones were nearly double the height that they placed, and our bridge was completed. really are. On the mountain immeEverything was carried over in perfect diately opposite Peika, there are three safety, and, I must confess, I was right enormous cataracts, and their appearwell pleased when 1 jumped off the pier ance this evening was sublime beyond to the opposite bank. The villagers, conception. The centre one runs down too, were overjoyed, and astonished at the face of the hill, nearly in a straight our exertions, for their communication line, and the other two fall into it at with either side had been cut off for very acute angles, forming one gigantic many days, and they were forced to go fall towards the base of the mountain. round the hills for several miles before I could not at first beliove these falls to they could get over the torrent. No be water, for they had more the apbetter proof than this can be required pearance of chalk or snow.

(Part II. in our next.)


Silent, thought-exalting Night!
Clouded, starry, dark, or bright,
Say, in what resides the power
Of this spirit-soothing hour ?
Is it in th' invisible air,

Wafting odours everywhere-
Sweet odours, faintly breathed from herb and flower ?

Or is it in the welcome balm

Of deep repose-unbroken calm
On crowded city shed, and lonely tower ?

Is it in the crescent moon,

Diffusing through the skies of June
Her cold blue radiance over field and bower ?

Or in the points of starry light,
Shining through unnumbered years,

Points to us, yet mighty spheres,
Incomprehensible by sense or sight?

Influences of the night!
For they influence the soul,
Overawe the restless wili,
Make the chords of being thrill,
Strengthen love, and grief control :

Stars they are to outward view,

To our spirits-spirits too !
Night! thou art holy! These may all impart
Joy and devotion to the earnest heart.

As the spicy odours rise,
Far diffused through the skies
That vault the aromatic isles,
Where gorgeous summer ever smiles,
And the burning heat of day
Bears the mingled scents away ;
But, when eve's refreshing wind
Blows among the glossy leaves,
And sunset glories have declined,
What perfume all the air receives !
Thus the sweetness of affection-
Or in gladness or dejection-

Is shed upon the soul,
When day, with all its cares, departs,
And night and silence o’er our hearts

Assert their calm control.
Then the stores of recollection
Open to our mental sight,

And visions of futurity,
Shadowed from obscurity,

Thronged with fleeting forms and bright,
Gather o'er us,

And before us
Many a loving face and well-known mien,

Dimly through the ideal scene,
Win our thoughts from outward things,
Till holiest imaginings

From spiritual, unseen springs,
Raise all our longings to the eternal Throne,
Where centre glories not to mortals known.


I. A. D.


RECENT novelists have been singularly characteristic language, yet we assert deficient in one great requisite for suc. that their writings are more frequently cess-originality. Those who have, distinguished by a highly-finished exewith various powers, pursued the his. cution than a happy conception, and torical style, over which the trans- we regard their productions more as a cendant genius of Scott has shed such well painted piece of Sèvres porcelain a glorious light, unable to catch his than as a magnificent and striking picanimation, because untouched by his ture of a Rubens, a Claude, or a Titian. inspiration, have chosen to follow his Neither a Rubens, nor a Claude, nor imitator, that meritorious, industri- yet a Titian, is Mr. Savage. He is ous, and talented writer, Mr. James, rather the Hogarth of modern novelists; and to reproduce his pictures with such and his works evince that keen sense of variations as their own fancy suggested. the ridiculous, that lively appreciation Domestic Life has been Edgeworthised of the peculiarities of mankind in soto a very great extent, and admirably ciety, that attention to seemingly innatural as were her finished and po- significant details, that felicitous word lished sketches of society, her followers shading, and that moral purpose insinuhave erred in too close adherence to her ated, rather than expressed, which style, afraid to leave the beaten road, stamp him a worthy successor with the and find a new bypath through the pen, to the inimitable artist who country for themselves. The trans- satirised the last century with his atlantic novelist, Cooper, has furnished pencil. study after study to our English writers; Mr. Savage does not morbidly crave and all the sea povels and forest ro- after originality, but he does bettermances with which we have been in, he attains it. He is not like the Preundated, are but suggested by, and Raphaelite artists of the present day, recollections of, his masterpieces. who, if they cannot delight us by their

More recently, the novelist of roguery, pictures, at least succeed in astonishing Ainsworth, the delineator of middle- us, and who seem to consider that it is class life, Dickens, and the philosophic better to be spoken ill of, than not and poetical Bulwer, have each and all mentioned at all. He both pleases and had their imitators and adherents, surprises us; and sufficiently distinct many of whom adorn our literature by from either Fielding or Smollett, he yet very admirable works of fiction. But has caught somewhat of the manner while we admit that they often give us of the one, and much of the wit and new and well-sketched characters, com- humour of the other. bined with happy turns of plot, and Whether in sketching the English * The Falcon Family: A Satirical Novel. Second edition, 1 vol. Chapman & Hall. The Bachelor of the Albany. Second edition, 1 vol. Chapman & Hall. My Uncle the Curate. 3 vols. post 8vo. Chapman & Hall.

Reuben Medlicott; or, the Coming Man. By M. W. SAVAGE. 3 vols. post 8vo. Chapman & Hall.

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