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good correspondence among all the gentlemen about him. He carries a tulip root in his pocket from one to another, or exchanges a puppy between a couple of friends that live perhaps in the opposite sides of the country. Will is a particular favorite 5 of all the young heirs, whom he frequently obliges with a net that he has weaved, or a setting-dog that he has made himself. He now and then presents a pair of garters of his own knitting to their mothers or sisters; and raises a great deal of mirth among them, by inquiring as often as he meets them “how •they wear!” These gentleman-like manufactures and obliging little humors make Will the darling of the country.

Sir Roger was proceeding in the character of him, 15 when he saw him make up to us with two or three hazel twigs in his hand that he had cut in Sir Roger's woods, as he came through them, in his way to the house. I was very much pleased to observe on one side the hearty and sincere welcome 20 with which Sir Roger received him, and on the other, the secret joy which his guest discovered at sight of the good old knight. After the first salutes were over, Will desired Sir Roger to lend him one of his servants to carry a set of shuttle-cocks he had with 25 him in a little box, to a lady that lived about a mile off, to whom it seems he had promised such a present for above this half year. Sir Roger's back was no sooner turned but honest Will began to tell

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me of a large cock pheasant that he had sprung in one of the neighboring woods, with two or three other adventures of the same nature. Odd and

uncommon characters are the game that I look for, 5 and most delight in; for which reason I was as much

pleased with the novelty of the person that talked to me, as he could be for his life with the springing of a pheasant, and therefore listened to him with more than ordinary attention.

In the midst of this discourse the bell rung to dinner, where the gentleman I have been speaking of had the pleasure of seeing the huge jack, he had caught, served up for the first dish in a most sump

tuous manner. Upon our sitting down to it he gave 15 us a long account how he had hooked it, played

with it, foiled it, and at length drew it out upon the bank, with several other particulars that lasted all the first course.

A dish of wild fowl that came afterwards furnished conversation for the rest of 20 the dinner, which concluded with a late invention of Will's for improving the quail-pipe.?

Upon withdrawing into my room after dinner, I was secretly touched with compassion towards the honest

gentleman that had dined with us; and could not but 25 consider with a great deal of concern, how so good an

heart and such busy hands were wholly employed in trifles; that so much humanity should be so little beneficial to others, and so much industry so little advantageous to himself. The same temper of mind and


application to affairs might have recommended him to the public esteem, and have raised his fortune in another station of life. What good to his country or himself might not a trader or a merchant have done with such useful though ordinary qualifications?

Will Wimble's is the case of many a younger brother of a great family, who had rather see their children starve like gentlemen, than thrive in a trade or profession that is beneath their quality. This humor fills several parts of Europe with pride 10 and beggary. It is the happiness of a trading nation like ours, that the younger sons, though incapable of any liberal art or profession, may be placed in such a way of life, as may perhaps enable them to vie with the best of their family. Accord- 15 ingly we find several citizens that were launched into the world with narrow fortunes, rising by an honest industry to greater estates than those of their elder brothers. It is not improbable but Will was formerly tried at divinity, law, or physic; and 20 that finding his genius did not lie that way, his parents gave him up at length to his own inventions. But certainly, however improper he might have been for studies of a higher nature, he was perfectly well turned for the occupations of trade and com- 25

As I think this is a point which cannot be too much inculcated, I shall desire my reader to compare what I have here written with what I have said in my twenty-first speculation.


No. 9. Sir Roger's Ancestors
SPECTATOR No. 109. Thursday, July 5, 1711

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I was this morning walking in the gallery, when Sir Roger entered at the end opposite to me, and advancing towards me, said he was glad to meet

me among his relations the De Coverleys, and hoped 5 I liked the conversation of so much good company,

who were as silent as myself. I knew he alluded to the pictures, and as he is a gentleman who does not a little value himself upon his ancient descent,

I expected he would give me some account of them. 10 We were now arrived at the upper end of the

gallery, when the knight faced towards one of the pictures, and as we stood before it, he entered into the matter, after his blunt way of saying things, as

they occur to his imagination, without regular intro15 duction, or care to preserve the appearance of chain of thought.

"It is," said he, “worth while to consider the force of dress; and how the persons of one age

differ from those of another, merely by that only. 20 One may observe also, that the general fashion of

one age has been followed by one particular set of people in another, and by them preserved from one generation to another. Thus the vast jetting coat

and small bonnet, which was the habit in Harry the Seventh's 2 time, is kept on in the yeomen of the guard; 3 not without a good and politic view, because they look a foot taller, and a foot and a half broader: besides, that the cap leaves the face ex- 5 panded, and consequently more terrible, and fitter to stand at the entrance of palaces.

“This predecessor of ours you see is dressed after this manner, and his cheeks would be no larger than mine, were he in a hat as I am. He was the to last man that won a prize in the Tilt-yard * (which is now a common street before Whitehall 5). You see the broken lance that lies there by his right foot. He shivered that lance of his adversary all to pieces; and bearing himself, look you, sir, in this 15 manner, at the same time he came within the target of the gentleman who rode against him, and taking him with incredible force before him on the pummel of his saddle, he in that manner rid the tournament over, with an air that showed he did it rather to 20 perform the rule of the lists, than expose his enemy; however, it appeared he knew how to make use of a victory, and with a gentle trot he marched up to a gallery, where their mistress sat (for they were rivals), and let him down with laudable courtesy 25 and pardonable insolence. I do not know but it might be exactly where the coffee-house is now.

“You are to know this my ancestor was not only of a military genius, but fit also for the arts of

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