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family, tempered the inquiries after his own affairs with several kind questions relating to themselves. This humanity and good-nature engages everybody to him, so that when he is pleasant upon any of them, all his family are in good humor, and none so 5 much as the person whom he diverts himself with: on the contrary, if he coughs, or betrays any infirmity of old age, it is easy for a stander-by to observe a secret concern in the looks of all his servants.

My worthy friend has put me under the particular care of his butler, who is a very prudent man, and, as well as the rest of his fellow-servants, wonderfully desirous of pleasing me, because they have often heard their master talk of me as of his par- 15 ticular friend.

My chief companion, when Sir Roger is diverting himself in the woods or the fields, is a very venerable man who is ever with Sir Roger, and has lived at his house in the nature of a chaplain above thirty 20 years. This gentleman is a person of good sense and some learning, of a very regular life and obliging conversation: he heartily loves Sir Roger, and knows that he is very much in the old knight's esteem, so that he lives in the family rather as a relation than 25 a dependent.

I have observed in several of my papers, that my friend Sir Roger, amidst all his good qualities, is something of a humorist; and that his virtues, as

well as imperfections, are as it were tinged by a certain extravagance, which makes them particularly his, and distinguishes them from those of

other men. This cast of mind, as it is generally 5 very innocent in itself, so it renders his conversation

highly agreeable, and more delightful than the same degree of sense and virtue would appear in their common and ordinary colors. As I was walking

with him last night, he asked me how I liked the 10 good man whom I have just now mentioned? and

without staying for my answer told me, that he was afraid of being insulted with Latin and Greek at his own table; for which reason he desired a

particular friend of his at the university to find 15 him out a clergyman rather of plain sense than

much learning, of a good aspect, a clear voice, a sociable temper, and, if possible, a man that understood a little of back-gammon. "My friend,” says

Sir Roger, “found me out this gentleman, who, 20 besides the endowments required of him, is, they

tell me, a good scholar, though he does not show it. I have given him the parsonage of the parish; and because I know his value, have settled upon him a

good annuity for life. If he out-lives me, he shall 25 find that he was higher in my esteem than perhaps

he thinks he is. He has now been with me thirty years; and though he does not know I have taken notice of it, has never in all that time asked anything of me for himself, though he is every day soliciting me for something in behalf of one or other of my tenants his parishioners. There has not been a lawsuit in the parish since he has lived among them; if any dispute arises they apply themselves to him for the decision; if they do not acquiesce in 5 his judgment, which I think never happened above once or twice at most, they appeal to me. At his first settling with me, I made him a present of all the good sermons which have been printed in English, and only begged of him that every Sunday he 10 would pronounce one of them in the pulpit. Accordingly he has digested them into such a series, that they follow one another naturally, and make a continued system of practical divinity.”

As Sir Roger was going on in his story, the gen- 15 tleman we were talking of came up to us; and upon the knight's asking him who preached to-morrow (for it was Saturday night), told us the bishop of St. Asaph ? in the morning, and Dr. South in the afternoon. He then showed us his list of preachers 20 for the whole year, where I saw with a great deal of pleasure, archbishop Tillotson, bishop Saunderson, Dr. Barrow, Dr. Calamy, with several living authors who have published discourses of practical divinity. I no sooner saw this venerable man in the pulpit, 25 but I very much approved of my friend's insisting upon the qualifications of a good aspect and a clear voice; for I was so charmed with the gracefulness of his figure and delivery, as well as with the dis

courses he pronounced, that I think I never passed any time more to my satisfaction. A sermon repeated after this manner, is like the composition of

a poet in the mouth of a graceful actor. 5 I could heartily wish that more of our country

clergy would follow this example; and instead of wasting their spirits in laborious compositions of their own, would endeavor after a handsome elocu

tion, and all those other talents that are proper to 10 enforce what has been penned by greater masters.

This would not only be more easy to themselves, but more edifying to the people.

No. 7. Sir Roger's Servants
SPECTATOR No. 107. Tuesday, July 3, 1711

Æsopo ingentem statuam posuere Attici,
Servumque collocârunt æterna in basi,
Patere honoris scirent ut cunctis viam.í

Phædr. Ep. 1. 2.

THE reception, manner of attendance, undisturbed freedom and quiet, which I meet with here in the 15 country, has confirmed me in the opinion I always

had, that the general corruption of manners in servants is owing to the conduct of masters. The aspect of every one in the family carries so much

satisfaction, that it appears he knows the happy 20 lot which has befallen him in being a member of it.

There is one particular which I have seldom seen

but at Sir Roger's; it is usual in all other places, that servants fly from the parts of the house through which their master is passing; on the contrary, here they industriously place themselves in his way; and it is on both sides, as it were, understood as a visit, 5 when the servants appear without calling. This proceeds from the humane and equal temper of the man of the house, who also perfectly well knows how to enjoy a great estate, with such economy as ever to be much beforehand. This makes his own 10 mind untroubled, and consequently unapt to vent peevish expressions, or give passionate or inconsistent orders to those about him. Thus respect and love go together; and a certain cheerfulness in performance of their duty is the particular distinction 15 of the lower part of this family. When a servant is called before his master, he does not come with an expectation to hear himself rated for some trivial fault, threatened to be stripped, or used with any other unbecoming language, which mean masters 20 often give to worthy servants; but it is often to know, what road he took that he came so readily back according to order; whether he passed by such a ground; if the old man who rents it is in good health; or whether he gave Sir Roger's love to him, 25 or the like.

A man who preserves a respect founded on his benevolence to his dependents, lives rather like a prince than a master in his family; his orders are

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