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Sir Roger was what you call a fine gentleman, had often supped with my Lord Rochester ? and Sir George Etherege,8 fought a duel upon his first

coming to town, and kicked bully Dawson in a 5 public coffee-house for calling him youngster. But

being ill-used by the above-mentioned widow, he was very serious for a year and a half; and though, his temper being naturally jovial, he at last got

over it, he grew careless of himself, and never 10 dressed afterwards. He continues to wear a coat

and doublet of the same cut that were in fashion at the time of his repulse, which, in his merry humors, he tells us, has been in and out 10 twelve times since

he first wore it. He is now in his fifty-sixth year, 15 cheerful, gay, and hearty; keeps a good house both

in town and country; a great lover of mankind; but there is such a mirthful cast in his behavior, that he is rather beloved than esteemed. His tenants grow

rich, his servants look satisfied, all the young women 20 profess to love him, and the young men are glad of

his company. When he comes into a house, he calls the servants by their names, and talks all the way up stairs to a visit. I must not omit, that

Sir Roger is a justice of the quorum 11; that he fills 25 the chair at a quarter-session 12 with great abilities,

and three months ago gained universal applause, by explaining a passage in the game-act.13

The gentleman next in esteem and authority among us is another bachelor, who is a member of

the Inner Temple,14 a man of great probity, wit, and understanding; but he has chosen his place of residence rather to obey the direction of an old humorsome father, than in pursuit of his own inclinations. He was placed there to study the laws of the land, 5 and is the most learned of any of the house in those of the stage. Aristotle 15 and Longinus 16 are much better understood by him than Littleton 17 or Coke.18 The father sends up every post questions relating to marriage-articles, leases and tenures, in the 10 neighborhood, all which questions he agrees with an attorney to answer and take care of in the lump. He is studying the passions themselves when he should be inquiring into the debates among men which arise from them. He knows the argument 15 of each of the orations of Demosthenes 19 and Tully,20 but not one case in the reports of our own courts. No one ever took him for a fool; but none, except his intimate friends, know he has a great deal of wit.21 This turn makes him at once both disinter- 20 ested and agreeable. As few of his thoughts are drawn from business, they are most of them fit for conversation. His taste for books is a little too just for the age he lives in; he has read all, but approves of very few. His familiarity with the 25 customs, manners, actions, and writings of the ancients, makes him a very delicate observer of what occurs to him in the present world. He is an excellent critic, and the time of the play 22 is his

hour of business; exactly at five he passes through New-Inn,23 crosses through Russel-court,24 and takes a turn at Will's till the play begins; he has his shoes

rubbed and his periwig powdered at the barber's as 5 you go into the Rose.25 It is for the good of the

audience when he is at a play, for the actors have an ambition to please him.

The person of next consideration is Sir Andrew Freeport, a merchant of great eminence in the city 10 of London; a person of indefatigable industry,

strong reason, and great experience. His notions of trade are noble and generous, and (as every rich man has usually some sly way of jesting, which

would make no great figure were he not a rich man) 15 he calls the sea the British Common. He is ac

quainted with commerce in all its parts, and will tell you that it is a stupid and barbarous way to extend dominion by arms; for true power is to be

got by arts and industry. He will often argue, that 20 if this part of our trade were well cultivated, we

should gain from one nation, and if another, from another. I have heard him prove, that diligence makes more lasting acquisitions than valor, and

that sloth has ruined more nations than the sword. 25 He abounds in several frugal maxims, amongst

which the greatest favorite is, “A penny saved is a penny got." A general trader of good sense is pleasanter company than a general scholar; and Sir Andrew having a natural unaffected eloquence,

the perspicuity of his discourse gives the same pleasure that wit would in another man. He has made his fortune himself; and says that England may be richer than other kingdoms, by as plain methods as he himself is richer than other men; 5 though at the same time I can say this of him, that there is not a point in the compass, but blows home a ship in which he is an owner.

Next to Sir Andrew in the club-room sits Captain Sentry, a gentleman of great courage, good under- 10 standing, but invincible 28 modesty. He is one of those that deserve very well, but are very awkward at putting their talents within the observation of such as should take notice of them. He was some years a captain, and behaved himself with great 15 gallantry in several engagements and at several sieges; but having a small estate of his own, and being next heir to Sir Roger, he has quitted a way of life in which no man can rise suitably to his merit, who is not something of a courtier as well as 20 a soldier. I have heard him often lament, that in a profession where merit is placed in so conspicuous a view, impudence should get the better of modesty. When he has talked to this purpose, I never heard him make a sour expression, but frankly confess 25 that he left the world, because he was not fit for it. A strict honesty and an even regular behavior, are in themselves obstacles to him that must press through crowds, who endeavor at the same end

with himself, the favor of a commander. He will however in his way of talk excuse generals, for not disposing according to men's desert, or inquiring

into it; For, says he, that great man who has a 5 mind to help me, has as many to break through to

come at me, as have to come at him: therefore he will conclude, that the man who would make a figure, especially in a military way, must get over

all false modesty, and assist his patron against the 10 importunity of other pretenders, by a proper assur

ance in his own vindication. He says it is a civil cowardice to be backward in asserting what you ought to expect, as it is a military fear to be slow

in attacking when it is your duty. With this candor 15 does the gentleman speak of himself and others.

The same frankness runs through all his conversation. The military part of his life has furnished him with many adventures, in the relation of which

he is very agreeable to the company; for he is never 20 overbearing, though accustomed to command men

in the utmost degree below him; nor ever too obsequious, from an habit of obeying men highly above him.

But that our society may not appear a set of 25 humorists,27 unacquainted with the gallantries and

pleasures of the age, we have amongst us the gallant Will Honeycomb; a gentleman who, according to his years, should be in the decline of his life; but having ever been very careful of his person, and

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