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quaintance, and of growing too familiar with the old. Themista, her favorite woman, is every whit as careful of whom she speaks to, and what she says. Let the ward be a beauty, her confidant shall treat you with an air of distance; let her be 5 a fortune, and she assumes the suspicious behavior of her friend and patroness. Thus it is that very many of our unmarried women of distinction are to all intents and purposes married, except the consideration of different sexes. They are directly 10 under the conduct of their whisperer; 3 and think they are in a state of freedom, while they can prate with one of these attendants of all men in general, and still avoid the man they most like. You do not see one heiress in a hundred whose fate does 15 not turn upon this circumstance of choosing a confidant. Thus it is that the lady is addressed to, presented " and flattered, only by proxy, in her

In my case, how is it possible that Sir Roger was proceeding in his harangue, when 20 we heard the voice of one speaking very importunately, and repeating these words, “What, not one smile?" We followed the sound till we came close to a thicket, on the other side of which we saw a young woman sitting as it were in a personated 25 sullenness just over a transparent fountain. Opposite to her stood Mr. William, Sir Roger's master of the game. The knight whispered me, “Hist, these are lovers." The huntsman looking earnestly

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at the shadow of the young maiden in the stream, “Oh thou dear picture, if thou couldst remain there in the absence of that fair creature whom you

represent in the water, how willingly could I stand 5 here satisfied forever, without troubling my dear

Betty herself with any mention of her unfortunate William, whom she is angry with! But alas! when she pleases to be gone, thou wilt also vanish Yet let me talk to thee while thou dost stay. Tell my dearest Betty thou dost not more depend upon her, than does her William: her absence will make away with me as well as thee. If she offers to remove thee, I will jump into these waves to lay

hold on thee; herself, her own dear person, I must 15 never embrace again. Still do you hear me with

out one smile It is too much to bear.” He had no sooner spoke these words, but he made an offer of throwing himself into the water: at which his

mistress started up, and at the next instant he 20 jumped across the fountain, and met her in an

embrace. She, half recovering from her fright, said in the most charming voice imaginable, and with a tone of complaint, "I thought how well you would

drown yourself. No, no, you will not drown your25 self till you have taken your leave of Susan Holiday.”

The huntsman, with a tenderness that spoke the most passionate love, and with his cheek close to hers, whispered the softest vows of fidelity in her ear, and cried, “Do not, my dear, believe a word

Kate Willow says; she is spiteful, and makes stories, because she loves to hear me talk to herself for your sake.' Look you there," quoth Sir Roger, “do you see there, all mischief comes from confidants! But let us not interrupt them; the maid is honest, 5 and the man dares not be otherwise, for he knows I loved her father: I will interpose in this matter, and hasten the wedding. Kate Willow is a witty mischievous wench in the neighborhood, who was a beauty; and makes me hope I shall see the per- 10 verse widow in her condition. She was so flippant with her answers to all the honest fellows that came near her, and so very vain of her beauty, that she has valued herself upon her charms till they are ceased. She therefore now makes it her 15 business to prevent other young women from being more discreet than she was herself: however, the saucy thing said, the other day, well enough, 'Sir Roger and I must make a match, for we are both despised by those we loved. The hussy has a great 20 deal of power wherever she comes, and has her share of cunning.

“However, when I reflect upon this woman, I do not know whether in the main I am the worse for having loved her; whenever she is recalled to my 25 imagination my youth returns, and I feel a forgotten warmth in my veins. This affliction in my life has streaked all my conduct with a softness, of which I should otherwise have been incapable. It

is owing, perhaps, to this dear image in my heart that I am apt to relent, that I easily forgive, and that many desirable things are grown into my

temper, which I should not have arrived at by 5 better motives than the thought of being one day

hers. I am pretty well satisfied such a passion as I have had is never well cured; and between you and me, I am often apt to imagine it has had some

whimsical effect upon my brain: for I frequently 10 find, that in my most serious discourse I let fall

some comical familiarity of speech or odd phrase that makes the company laugh. However, I cannot but allow she is a most excellent woman. When

she is in the country, I warrant she does not run 15 into dairies, but reads upon the nature of plants:

she has a glass beehive, and comes into the garden out of books to see them work, and observe the policies of their commonwealth. She understands

everything. I would give ten pounds to hear her 20 argue with my friend Sir Andrew Freeport about

trade. No, no, for all she looks so innocent as it were, take my

word for it she is no fool.”

No. 18. Town and Country Manners

SPECTATOR No. 119. Tuesday, July 17, 1711

Urbem quam dicunt Romam, Melibee, putavi
Stultus ego huic nostræ similem

Virg. Ecl. i. 20.

THE first and most obvious reflections which arise in a man who changes the city for the country, are upon the different manners of the people whom he meets with in those two different scenes of life.2 By manners I do not mean morals, but behavior 5 and good-breeding, as they show themselves in the town and in the country.

And here, in the first place, I must observe a very great revolution that has happened in this article of good-breeding. Several obliging deferences, con- 10 descensions, and submissions, with many outward forms and ceremonies that accompany them, were first of all brought up among the politer part of mankind, who lived in courts and cities, and distinguished themselves from the rustic part of the 15 species (who on all occasions acted bluntly and naturally) by such a mutual complaisance and intercourse of civilities. These forms of conversation by degrees multiplied and grew troublesome; the modish world found too great a constraint in them, 20 and have therefore thrown most of them aside. Conversation, like the Romish religion, was so en

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