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granted only to a few. Now, whilst courage always stands out as the first quality in the soldier, yet it is always supposed to be combined with fidelity, on which account we see certain nations, renowned for their trustworthiness, called away from their native lands to serve as body-guards for secular and spiritual princes.

“One more class, exceedingly migratory, and indispensable to the state, we see in those functionaries who, sent from court to court, encompass ministers and princes, and enweave the whole habitable globe with invisible threads. Not one of these, too, is sure of his position and locality for even one moment only. In time of peace the cleverest are sent from one part of the world to another; in war-time, following the victorious host, making ready the roads for it when fugitive, they are always prepared to exchange one place for another, on which account they always carry with them a large supply of farewell cards.

“ If we have hitherto contrived to do ourselves honor at every step in claiming the most distinguished bodies of effective men as our comrades and colleagues in destiny, yet still, dear friends, there stands before you, as a conclusion, the highest honor, in finding yourselves affiliated with emperors, kings, and princes. First let us remember, with benedictions, that noble imperial wanderer Hadrian, who marched on foot at the head of his host through the civilized world, made subject to him, thereby first completely taking possession of it. With horror let us remember the conquerors, those armed wanderers, against whom no resistance availed, nor wall and bulwark could protect inoffensive nations. Finally, let us accompany with honest pity those hapless exiled princes, who, falling from the summit of greatness, cannot even be received in the humble guild of effective wanderers.

“Since we have now made all this present and clear to one another, no petty despondency, no murkiness bred of passion, will prevail over us. The time is past when people rushed adventurously into the wide world. Thanks to scientific travelers writing with wisdom, copying artistically, we are everywhere sufficiently well-instructed to know tolerably what we have to expect.

“Yet the individual cannot attain to perfect knowledge. But our association is based on this, that each shall be instructed in his degree according to his aims. If any one has a land in mind towards which his wishes are directed, we try to make known to him in detail what has floated before his imagination as a whole: to give ourselves, one to the other, a survey of the inhabited and habitable globe is the most agreeable, the most profitable of diversions.

“In such a sense, then, we can look upon ourselves as banded in a world-wide association. Simply grand the idea — easy its realization by reason and strength. Unity is all-powerful; no division, therefore, no strife amongst us.

So far as we have principles, they are common to all of us. Let man, we say, learn to think of himself as being without any enduring external relation ; let him seek for consistency not in his surroundings but in himself: there he will find it; cherish and foster it with love; he will form and educate himself so as to be everywhere at home. He who devotes himself to what is most necessary, goes everywhere most surely to his goal. Others, on the contrary, seeking what is higher, more subtle, have, even in the choice of their road, to be more circumspect.

“ Yet, whatever man lays hold of and deals with, the individual is not enough Society remains the highest need of any honest man.

All useful people ought to stand in relation to each other, as the builder has to look after the architects, and they after masons and carpenters. And thus it is known to all, how and in what manner our association has been fixed and founded. We see no one amongst us who could not, according to his aims, use his effective faculty at any moment; who does not feel assured that everywhere, where chance, inclination, even passion might lead him, he would find himself well recommended, received, and aided on his way, nay, even as far as possible indemnified for accidents.

“ Two obligations, moreover, we have most strictly taken upon us : to hold in honor every form of the worship of God; for they are all more or less comprised in the Creed ; secondly, to allow all forms of government equally to hold good, since they all demand and promote a systematic activity - to employ ourselves in each, wherever and however long it may be, according to its will and pleasure. In conclusion, we hold it a duty to practice good morals, without pedantry and stringency; even as reverence for ourselves demands, which springs from the three reverences which we profess; all of us having the good fortune, some from youth up, to be initiated in this higher universal wisdom. All this have we, in the solemn hour of parting, once more brought to mind, explained, heard, and acknowledged, and will also seal with a trusting Farewell.

“Stay not fettered in inaction

Venture briskly, briskly roam !
Head and arm, in glad connection,

Everywhere will be at home.
Where beneath the sun we revel

Care with us will ne'er abide;
Space there is for all to travel,

Therefore is the world so wide."

THE SCENE IN AUERBACH'S CELLAR IN LEIPZIG.

(From "Faust.")

(A DRINKING PARTY.)
Frosch - No drinking? Naught a laugh to raise ?

None of your gloomy looks, I pray!
You, who so bright were wont to blaze,

Are dull as wetted straw to-day.
Brander 'Tis all your fault; your part ye do not bear,

No beastliness, no folly.
Frosch (pours a glass of wine over his head]— There,

You have them both !
Brander

You double beast! Frosch 'Tis what you asked me for, at least ! Siebel Whoever quarrels, turn him out!

With open throat drink, roar, and shout.

Hollo! Hollo! Ho!
Altmayer - Zounds, fellow, cease your deaf'ning cheers!

Bring cotton wool! He splits my ears.
Siebel 'Tis when the roof rings back the tone,

Then first the full power of the bass is known. Frosch — Right! out with him who takes offense!

A tara lara la ! Altmayer

A tara lara la ! Frosch Our throats are tuned. Come, let's commence [Sings] - The holy Roman empire now,

How holds it still together?
Brander - An ugly song! a song political!

A song offensive! Thank God, every morn,
To rule the Roman empire, that you were not born!

I bless my stars at least that mine is not
Either a kaiser's or a chancellor's lot.
Yet 'mong ourselves should one still lord it o'er the rest;
That we elect a pope I now suggest.
Ye know, what quality ensures

A man's success, his rise secures.
Frosch [sings] - Bear, lady nightingale above,

Ten thousand greetings to my love. Siebel - No greetings to a sweetheart! No love-songs shall there be ! Frosch - Love-greetings and love-kisses ! Thou shalt not hinder me ! [Sings] — Undo the bolt ! in stilly night,

Undo the bolt! thy love's awake!

Shut to the bolt ! with morning light -
Siebel — Ay, sing away, sing on, her praises sound ; — the snake!

My turn to laugh will come some day.
Me hath she jilted once, you the same trick she'll play.
Some gnome

her lover be! where cross-roads meet,
With her to play the fool; or old he-goat,
From Blocksberg coming in swift gallop, bleat
A good-night to her, from his hairy throat!
A proper lad of genuine flesh and blood,
Is for the damsel far too good ;
The greeting she shall have from me,

To smash her window-panes will be !
Brander striking on the table] - Silence! Attend ! to me give ear!

Confess, sirs, I know how to live:
Some love-sick folk are sitting here !
Hence, 'tis but fit, their hearts to cheer,
That I a good-night strain to them should give.
Hark! of the newest fashion is my song!

Strike boldly in the chorus, clear and strong! [He sings] – Once in a cellar lived a rat,

He feasted there on butter,
Until his paunch became as fat
As that of Doctor Luther.
The cook laid poison for the guest,
Then was his heart with pangs oppressed,

As if his frame love wasted.
Chorus (shouting]— As if his frame love wasted.
Brander He ran around, he ran abroad,

Of every puddle drinking,
The house with rage he scratched and gnawed,
In vain, -- he fast was sinking;
Full many an anguished bound he gave,

Nothing the hapless brute could save,

As if his frame love wasted.
Chorus — As if his frame love wasted.
Brander By torture driven, in open day,

The kitchen he invaded,
Convulsed upon the hearth he lay,
With anguish sorely jaded;
The poisoner laughed, Ha! ha! quoth she,
His life is ebbing fast, I see,

As if his frame love wasted.
Chorus - As if his frame love wasted.
Siebel How the dull boors exulting shout!

Poison for the poor rats to strew

A fine exploit it is, no doubt.
Brander — They, as it seems, stand well with you !
Altmayer — Old bald-pate! with the paunch profound !

The rat's mishap hath tamed his nature;
For he his counterpart hath found
Depicted in the swollen creature.

FAUST AND MEPHISTOPHELES.
Mephistopheles — I now must introduce to you

Before aught else, this jovial crew,
To show how lightly life may glide away;
With the folk here each day's a holiday.
With little wit and much content,
Each on his own small round intent,
Like sportive kitten with its tail;
While no sick-headache they bewail,
And while their host will credit give,

Joyous and free from care they live.
Brander - They're off a journey, that is clear, -

They look so strange; they've scarce been here

An hour. Frosch

You're right! Leipzig's the place for me! 'Tis quite a little Paris; people there

Acquire a certain easy finished air.
Siebel What take you now these travelers to be?
Frosch — Let me alone! O'er a full glass you'll see,

As easily I'll worm their secret out,
As draw an infant's tooth. I've not a doubt
That my two gentlemen are nobly born,
They look dissatisfied and full of scorn,

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