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he wants. It is unreasonable to expect a precise knowledge in a class not very familiar with books, especially such books as they probably never have had access to in their lives; and until there are special classified catalogues of the library, accessible to the applicants in the reading-room, the classes in question are most efficiently excluded from all participation in the benefit of the great National Library.
XV. This library of the Department of Science and Art is organized with a special view to meet these difficulties. The library is accessible to all on the payment of a small fee, either for the particular occasion, for the months or for tine year. If a special work be asked for from'the catalogue, pro-," vided the book be not actually in hand, the longest delay will be that of two or three minutes; and if the student or applicant should be indisposed to look into the catalogue, he has only to mention his object in coming, or; his business, and the best on that special matter that the library contains will be immediately shown to him. An artizan whose knowledge of books may be limited to the ordinary periodicals of a mechanics' reading-room, may here at once, by simply stating his business, see some of the most costly works on his art in the world, collected from the remotest regions of, the globe,—from Egypt, from.Çhina, or from Peru.
XVI. Of course, such a library, though special, must eventually become one of great magnitude, and can be only gradually developed; its development will depend much on the use those for whom it is organized may make of it. In its present incipient state much will be required of it that it will not be able to supply; but the knowledge of wants must inevitably
requirements will be met as soon as possible, in accordance with the means of the institution. This, however, is certain, that the efficiency of this library rests with the public themselves, and that its growth will be dependent on the use that is made of it.
XVII. Though the attendance is at present derived mainly from the schools of the Department, comprising men of various ages and pursuits, already established in life, the public, unconnected with the schools, are gradually evincing an appreciation of the peculiar benefits afforded by the collection. The number of such subscribers for the year 1853, has been 170. In June of that year, when the library was closed in the evenings, the number was five daily; in November, when open in the evenings, the number was forty-three.
It must be borne in mind that all the visitors to the library pay,—the students, as well as the public; and though the fee may be small, it is a guarantee of the earnest nature of the studies carried on. And when this circumstance is considered, the assumption of a signal success for the library is not without just cause. *
It may be allowed, as some test of the utility of this library, to compare with its attendance the number in former years, even then long after their establishment, which attended the library and print-room of the British Museum, where no payment is required. The attendance here during the last quarter of 1853, was equal to that of the British Museum in 1820; and is six times the attendance of the Museum reading-room in 1810. If, however, the comparison be made with the print room of the British Museum, a more analogous institution, the figures show very remarkably in favour of this institution. The actual numbers of the year have, as shown by the Parliamentary returns, exceeded those of the last three years at the print-room; and the average of the last three months of 1853, shows an attendance three times greater than that at the Museum, notwithstanding the fees demanded here and the gratuitous admission there; and this signal success has been secured at a comparatively insignificant
attended to, and all genuine
expense on account of the Department. The daily average for the present year has been about forty.
The number of subscribers unconnected with the schools of the Department has been 233.
Terms Of Admission, &c.
XVIII. The Library is open every day, except the usual vacations at Government offices, from ten in the morning until nine at night, except Saturday evenings.
All registered students of the Central Schools of Science and Art have free admission to the Library, as also all subscribers of one guinea per annum to the Museum. The charge for an annual ticket to the Library exclusively is half-a-guinea; and occasional students will be admitted upon the payment of sixpence, which will entitle all persons paying such fee to admission for six days from that of the payment of the fee, inclusive; a monthly ticket may be purchased for eighteen-pence.
R. N. Wornum, Librarian.
ALPHABETS, WRITING, &c.
Ballhorn, F.—Alphabets of Eastern and Western Languages, for the use of Compositors and Correctors of the Press.
Alphabete Orientalischer und Occidentalischer Sprachen zum Gebrauch fur Schriftsetzer und Correctoren, Zusammengestellt von Friedr. Ballhorn. fith ed. 2s. 8vo. Leipzig, 1853.
Bellamy, T.—Writing and Drawing made easy, amusing, and instructive. Containing the whole Alphabet in all the Characters now used, both in Painting and Penmanship; each illustrated by emblematic devices and moral copies, calculated for the use of schools, and curiously engraved by the best hands. Oblong 8vo. London, n. d.
Besley, R.—Designs for Ornamental Printing. New Specimens of Mathematical Combination Borders, and other Typographical Ornaments. 4to. London, 1848.
. A general Specimen of Printing Types. 4to. London, 1848.
Bickham, G.—The Universal Penman. 1/. 10s., folio. London, 1743.
Cross, Th., J Un.—An Idea of the severall distinct characters of the greatest part of the World. With a dedication to Charles II. Small oblong folio. London, 1680.
Devices.—A Collection of Printers' Devices, Arms, &c. (scrap book).
Ferguson.—Specimens of new Book and Newspaper Founts. Oblong 4to. Edinburgh, n. d.
Specimens of the Aldine Series of new Founts. Oblong 4to.
Edinburgh, n. d.
—— Specimens of Wood Letter. Oblong 4to. Edinburgh, n. d. Figgins, V. & J.—Specimens of Wood Letter. Folio. London, n. d.
Epitome of Specimens 1847. Folio. London 1847.
A Selection of choice Book Founts, from the general Specimens
of Vincent' and James Figgins, Letter Founders. 4to. London,
Georgii, Fr. A. A.—Thibet Alphabet, with an Account of the Manners and Superstitions of the People, &c.
Alphabetum Tibetanum Missionum Apostolicarum commodo editum. Praemissa est disquisitio qua de vario litterarum ac regionis nomine, gentis origine Moribus, superstitione, ac Manichaeismo fuse disseritur. Beausobrii calummae in Sanctum Auguslinum, aliosque ecclesiae. patres refutantur. Studio et labore Fr. Augustini Antonii Georgii eremitae Augustiniani. 1/. 4to. vellum. Romas, 1762.
Gesenius, G.—Remains of the Phœnician Language and Writing.
Scripturae Linguaeque Phœniciae monumenta quotquot supersunt edita et inedita ad autographorum optimorumque exemplorum fidem edidit additisque de scriptura et lingua Phœnicum cornmentariis illustravit G. Gesenius. 2 vols. 4to. Lipsiae, 1837. Humphrevs, H. N.—The Illuminaied Books of the Middle Ages; an account of the development and progress of the art of illumination as a distinct branch of pictorial ornamentation, from the fourth ta the seventeenth centuries. Published at 10/. 10*., folio. London, 1849.
The Origin and Progress of the Art of Writing, &c. Illustrated by
a number of specimens of the writing of all ages, and a series of facsimiles from the autograph lettere from the fifteenth to the nineteenth century. Published at 1/. ls., 8vo. London, 1853. Kirchhoff, A.—The Manuscript Dealer of the Middle Ages.
Die Handschriftenhàndler des Mittelalters. 2nd. ed., 3*. 6d., *** • •, post 8vo. Leipzig, 1853." —'J.A'-.
Arte de Escrevir de Francisco Lucas, Vezino de Sevilla, residente en
Lucas, F.—The Art of Writing.
De re diplomatica, Libri VI. In quibus quidquid ad veterum In-
Midolle, J.—Recueil ou Alphabet de Lettres Initiales His
small 4to. Nurnberg, 1601-3]. •.. ,
Palatino, G.—The Art of Writing, teaching every kind of Letter, Ancient and Modem, &c.
Libro di M. Giovan Baptista Palatino, Cittadino Romano, nel qual s'msegna a Scrivere ogni sorte Lettera, antica et moderna, di qualunque natione, con le sue regole, et misure, et essempi; et con un breve et util Discorso de le Cifre: Riveduto nuovamente, et corretto dal propio autore. ConlaGiunta di quindici Tavole Bellissime. 8vo. Roma, 1548, Poggi, M.—Alphabet of Initial Letters.
Alfabeto di Lettere Iniziali inventate e delineate da Mauro Poggi,
Pugin, A. W.—Glossary of Eeclesiastical Ornament, &c. 2nd ed. 4to. London, 1846.
Shaw, H.—Alphabets, Numerals, and Devices of the Middle Ages. Published at 21. 2s., royal 8vo. London, 1845.
The Handbook of Mediaeval Alphabets and Devices. Published
at 16s., imp. 8vo. London, 1853.
Silvestre, J. B.—Paléographie Universelle. Collection de Fac-simile d'Ecritures de tous les peuples et de tous les temps, tirés des plus authentiques documens de l'art graphique, chartes et manuscrits existant dans les Archives et les Bibliothèques de France, d'Italie, d'Allemagne, et d'Angleterre, publiés d'après les modèles écrits, dessinés et peints sur les lieux mêmes, par M. Silvestre, et accompagnés d'explications historiques et descriptives par MM. Champollion-Figeac et Aimé Champollion, fils. 4 vols. large folio. Paris, 1839-41.
(This great work contains fac-similes from Oriental, Greek, Latin, Italian, Spanish, French, Anglo-Saxon, Slavonic, and German manuscripts.) Silvestre.—Alphabet Album.
Collection de Soixante Feuilles d'Alphabets historiés et fleuronnés, tirés des principales Bibliothèques de l'Europe, ou composés par Silvestre. 18s. folio. Paris, 1843. Sympson, S.—A new Book of Cyphers, more compleat and regular than any ever published, wherein the whole Alphabet (twiee over), consisting of 600 cyphers, is variously chang'd interwoven, and revers'd. Very entertaining to ye curious, and useful to all sorts of artificers. 12s., small 4to. London, n. d. Thater, J.—The Golden A, B, C.
Giildenes A, B, C, gezeichnet von Gustav. Konig, gestochen von
Thulemarii, H. Gunteri.—On the golden, silver, lead, and wax Bulls (Seals) in general, and on the golden Bull of the Emperor Charles IV. in particular.
Tractatio de Bulla aurea, argentea, plumbea, et cerea in genere, neenon in Specie, de aurea Bulla Caroli IV. Imperatoris, 1356, &c. With fac-simile, many plates, small folio. Frankfort, 1697.
Tomkins, T.—The beauties of writing exemplified in a variety of plain and ornamental penmanship, designed to excite emulation in this valuable art. Oblong 4to. London, 1808.
Willemin, N. X.—Monuments Français inédits pour servir à l'Histoire des Arts depuis le Vle Siècle jusqu'au commencement du XVIIe. Choix de Costumes civils et militaires, d'Armes, Armures, Instruments de Musique, Meubles de toute espèce, et de Décorations intérieures et extérieures des Maisons; dessinés, gravés, et coloriés d'après les Originaux. Classés chronologiquement et accompagnés d'un Texte historique et descriptif par André Pottier. 121. 12s., 6 vols. small folio. Paris, 1806-39.