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A HUMBUG AUTHOR.
GALLANT CONDUCT OF A SAILOR BOY. tinue furious, another dose must be administered, the south to the north-east, and reaches the western 1: the month of October 1811, the sloop Fame of which will infallibly quiet him. A profound sleep coasts of the British Isles. By the former of these Carron-a place on the upper part of the Firth of Forth will succeed, which will last twenty-four or forty-eight currents
, the bodies of the natives of the new world, -while on her voyage froin London to Scotland, was
hours (according to the strength of the patient's con- and the gigantic bamboos seen by Columbus on the unfortonately capiured off the coast of Northumber. stitution), at the expiration of which time he will be coasts of the Azores, which convinced him of the ex. land, by a large French privateer. All the crew of attacked with severe purging and vomiting, which istence of a new world, and inspired him with the de the sloop were immediately transferred to the French
will continue till che poison be entirely ejected. He sign of discovering were brought from the tropical vessel, as prisoners of war, with the exception of an
will then be restored to his senses, will ask for food, regions of America to the Western Isles; by the lat. old man and a boy, who were left on board, in com.
and be perfectly cured. There is an Indian living in ter, fruits of American tropical plants, barrels of French pany with half a dozen Frenchmen, to carry the ves.
Tubutama, who is known to have an antidote to the wine, the remains of cargoes wrecked in the West sel into a French port. But this, as it appeared, was
poison injected into the wound occasioned by the bite Indies, and in one case the wreck of an English res. easier said than done. After parting from the pri. of a mad dog, &c.; and it is therefore superior to the sel, the Tilbury, burnt near Jamaica, have been washed vateer, the sloop made the best of her way towards savadilla, which will only cure the disease when it on shore on the coast of Scotland.' On these coasts, the coast of France, but she had not proceeded long has been forined. Two thousand dollars have been also, various kinds of tortoises are sometimes sound, in this direction when a heavy gale began to blow offered to him to disclose the secret, but he has con. that inhabit the water of the Antilles ; and in 1682 from the south east, which drove her to the north; stantly refused to accede to the terms. His charge is and 4, American savages of the Esquimaux race, hat. the wind, however, shifting to the north-east, she ten dollars for each patient, and he makes a comfort- ing been driven to sea in a storm, reached the O-krey was now driven into the mouth of the Firth of Forth, able livelihood by the practice. I made diligent in. Islands in safety, after crossing the Atlantic. By this with the navigation of which the Frenchmen, as well quiries while I remained in Sonora whether there stream, the bottle thrown into the sea near Boston as the old man belonging the sloop, were totally were any instances known of the Indian's antidote must have been brought to the coast of Lancashire ; upacquainted. The night, which had come on, being having failed, but I could hear of no one case where and its course thus furnishes another proof of the core excessively dark as well as stormy, and all the candles it had been unsuccessful.”
reciness of Humboldt's theory, of this current's move. and oil being either expended or thrown overboard,
ments." the compass was rendered useless, and the vessel was allowed to go before the wind. In this predicament, It is not many months since a bottle was picked up
CURRENTS OF THE ATLANTIC OCEAN. and with almost the certainty of destruction before them, the boy luckily recoguised the Inchkeith beacon
on the coast of Lancashire, which, from its contents, Let us put a case ; suppose that Goëthe's death bad light, took possession of the helm, and carried the threw some light upon the important scientific subject occurred fifty years ago, that is, in the year 1785, vessel in safety up the Firth. Knowing that there of ocean currents. On examination, the bottle was
what would have been the general impression ? Would was a man-of-war lying at St Margaret's Hope, he found to contain a paper, on which the following lines sensible even of the event ? Not at all : it would
Europe have felt a shock ? Would Europe bave been ran the sloop for that anchorage ; and on coming
were written: alongside hailed aloud that he had six French pri.
have been obscurely noticed in the newspapers of soners on board, and demanded assistance to secure “Thrown overboard from the packet-ship South Germany, as the death of a novelist who bad prothem! A boat was instantly put off ; but the moment America, by the passengers, March 1833, in the Gulf duced some effect about ten years before. In 1832, the crew came ou board, the little fellow, who was Stream, off Cape Cod, lat. 40°. 30'. loug. 68o. O'. west. it was announced by the post-horns of all Europe as only thirteen years of age, seized on the Frenchmen's The finder is earnestly requested to publish this in the the death of him who had written the Wilhelm Kleis. pistols as bis right of conquest, and resolutely refused nearest newspaper to which it may be found, to show ter, the Iphigenie, and the Faust, and who had been to give them up. The Frenchmen, who were glad to the currents of the ocean, and oblige the passengers, enthroned by some of his admirers on the same seat exchange death for captivity, warmly acknowledged as well as confer a benefit on science.”
with Homer and Shakspeare, as composing wbat they the sl:ill and intrepidity of the boy in navigating the " It cannot but be regarded as a singular circum. termed the trinity of men of genius. And yet it is a vessel, to which their own safety and that of the ship stance (says the editor of the Liverpool 'Times), that fact that, in the opinion of some amongst the acknow. and cargo wete altogether owing. A statement of the this botile, thrown into the Gulf Stream, off the United ledged leaders of our own literature for the last whole affair was duly transmitted to the Admiralty, but States of America, should have floated to within a few twenty-five years, the Werther was superior to all we regret we are unable to say whether or not the miles of the port in Europe from which the South which followed it, and for mere power was the parz. manful little fellow obtained any reward for this piece Anerica sailed, supposing her to have been on her mount work of Goëthe. For ourselves, we must ac. of service, or arrived at that eminence in his profes outward voyage, or to which she was sailing, suppog. knowledge our assent upon the whole to this verdict; sion which his spirit and gallantry at so early an age ing her to have been bound for Liverpool. A gale and at the same time we will avow our belief that the seemed to prognosticate.
from the north, or a slight temporary change in the reputation of Goëthe must decline for the next genecurrent, would have brought it into the Dersey, to
ration or two, until it reaches its just level. Three AYDROPHOBIA.
the captain of the South America, who saw it launched causes, we are persuaded, have concurred to push is off Cape Cod.
so far beyond the proportion of real and genuine in. Handy, in his Travels in Mexico, gives the following The object of the passengers who committed this
terest attached to his works, for in Germany his works account of the practice of curing hydrophobia in that bottle to the waves, namely, the determination of the are little read, and in this country not at all : First, country :-"I was at San Miguel de Horcasitas (says course taken by the currents of the ocean, is one of his extraordinary age; for the last twenty years he), where a person aflicted with hydrophobia was tied great interest to science, and much importance to na. Goëthe had been the patriarch of the German literaup in a post with strong cords, and a priest was ad. vigation ; and it is satisfactory, as a confirmation of ture: secondly, the splendour of his official rank at ministering the last offices of religion. At the approach the most judicious of the existing
theories on this sub. the court of Weimar; he was the minister and pri. of a paroxysm, the unfortunate sufferer, with infuri. Iject, to find that the bottle thrown overboard by the rate friend of the patriot sovereign amongst the princes ated lovke, desired the priest to get out of the way, passengers of the South America, has arrived at the of Germany: thirdly, the quantity of enigmatical and for that he felt a desire to bite every body he could part of the world, which, according to the opinions of unintelligible writing which he has designedly thrown eatch hold of. An old woman who was present said lluinboldt and others, it was most likely to reach. into his later works, by way of keeping up a system che would undertake his cure; and although there The theory so ably laid down by that distinguished of discussion and strife upon bis own meaning amongst were none who believed it possible that she could ef. traveller, respecting the currents of the North Atlan. the critics of bis country. These disputes, had bis fect it, yet the hope that she might do so, and the tic, and founded both on his own observations and meaning been of any value in his own eyes, he would certainty of the patient's death if nothing were at.
those of numerous voyagers, is pretty well known; but naturally have settled by a few authoritative words tempted, bore down all opposition, and her services
as some of our readers may not be acquainted with it, from himself; but it was his policy to keep alive the were accepted. She poured a powder into half a glass
we shall state it very briefly, for the purpose of shows fend in a case where it was of importance tbat his of water, mixed it well, and in the intervals between ing the causes by which the bottle thrown into the sea, name should continue to agitate the world, but of the paroxysms, she forced the mixture down his throat. on the coast of Massachussetts, and washed on shore
none at all that he should be rightly interpreted... The etiecis were exactly such as she bad predicted at Southport, must have been impelled.
New Edition of Encyclopedia Britannica. namely, that he would almost instautly lose all power In that part of the Atlantic which lies between Se. over his bodily and mental faculties, and that a death. negal, on the African coast, and the Caribean Sea, of like stupor would prevail, without any symptoms of America, the trade-winds, incessantly blowing across The condition of those slaves, whose labours furnish animation, for twenty-four or forty-eight hours, ac- the Atlantic, give to its waters a current which flows the costly gems which sparkle on the bosum or amid cording to the strength of his constitution; that at the constantly from east to west, at the rate of nine or ten the tresses of beauty, forms a striking contrast with end of this period, the effects of the mixture would | miles in twenty-four bonrs; that is, with about one
that of the classes whom they eurich or adorn by their arouse the patient, and its violent operation, as emetic fourth of the velocity of the principal rivers of Europe. toil. A wretched species of food, scantily doled out, and cathartic, would last about ten or fifteen minutes, So steady and constant is this current, that, in the enables them to sustain for a few years the weight of after which be would be able to get upou nis legs, and year 1770, a small vessel, laden with corn, and bound their misery. Being forced to remain a whole year would feel nothing but the debility which had been from the island of Lancerote to Santa Cruz, in Tene. with their feet all day in the water, living on food lit. produced by the combined effects of the disease and riffe, having been driven to sea when none of the crew tle strengthening or untritious, and generally cold or the medicine. She mentioned also that the fluid to was on board, crossed the Atlantic, and reached La. badly cooked, they are subject to enseebling disorders, be discharged from the stomach wouli be as black as
guayra, near Caracca3, on the north coast of South arising from the debilitaied state of the alimentary cao charcoal, and offensive to tie smell. All this literally America, where it was driven on shore. Supposing it nal. Frequently, moreover, they incur the risk of being took place at the end of about twenty-six hours, and not to have been detained by contrary winds, it would crushed by the falling rocks or avalanches of earth the patient was liberated from one of the most horri. have performed the voyage in about thirteen months. which suddenly detach theinselves from the face of the bie and affecting deaths to which mortality is subject. The waters of the current, entering the Gulf of Mexico precipices. Nevertheless, such is the wretchedness of She bad ber own way of accounting for the effects of beiween False Cape and Cape Antonio, follow the their condition in the domestic or particular service of this disease. She termed it a local complaint attack bendings of the Niexican coast to the mouth of the their owners, such the natural appetite of man for ing the mouth, which by degrees it irritates and in- Mississippi, pass to the southern extremity of Florida, gain, such the force of the most remote expectations flaines ; this ripens the virus, which is conveyed to and there throw themselves with great velocity intó of liberty, that these unfortunate beings, hard as is the brain by means of the nerves, and is received also the narrow gulf of that name. The stream was there their labour, and badly as they are fed, exhibit a de. into the stomach with the saliva. The poison thus observed by Humboldt to flow northward, with a ve- cided preference for their species of employment. matured in the mouth, and at the root of ihe tongue, locity of eighty miles in twenty-four hours; but as it converts the whole of the fluids of the stomach into a
advances into the open sea, it becomes broader and less poisonous bile, which, if it be not quickly removed, rapid. Its couree may, however, be distinctly traced
It is worthy of remark, that the real Bantam cock communicates with the blood, and shortly destroys lise. by the bigh temperature, the intense saltness, and the -tbat is, the native East Indian species of that name The following is the method of cure :- The person deep indigo colour of its waters, as well as by the beat
is not diminutive, like the little feathery creature under the influence of this disease must be well se. of the atmosphere, and the shoals of tropical sea-weed so called in Britain, but a very large bird, aud often cured, that he may do no mischief either to himself or which cover its surface. To the east of the port of tall enough to peck off a common diuing-tablo.-Bar. others. Soak a rennet in a little more than half a
Boston, in 41° 25' of latitude, and 67° of longitude row's Voyage to Cochin-China. tumbler of water, for about five minutes. When | (that is, within a short distance of the point where the this has been done, add of pulverised savadilla as bottle picked up at Southport was thrown overboard),
& SMITH, Paternoster Row; G. BERGER, Holywell Street, much as may be taken up by the thumb and three the Gulf Stream being here eighty leagues broad, takes
Strand; BANCKS & Co., Manchester; WHIOHTSON W X6R, fingers. Mix it thorougbly, and give it to the patient an easterly direction, and divides into two streams, Birmingham; W11.LAXR & SNITH, Liverpool; W. E. SOME (that is, force it down bis throat in an interval be- one crossing the Atlantic to the E.S.E., passing the
SCALE, Leeds; C. N. WRIGHT, Nottinghain; WESTI RY & Co
Bristol; S. SIMMS, Bath; J. Johnson, Cambridge; W. GAIN, tween the paroxysms). The patient is then to be put Azores, the month of the Straits of Gibraitar, the Ca. Exeter; J. PURDOX, Hull; G. Rinck, Slietlleld; H. BELLERBY, into the sun if possible (or placed near the fire), and nary Isles, and reaching the African coast between York; J. TAYLOR, Brighton; and sold by all Booksellers, well warmert. If the first dose tranquillise him after Capes Cantin and Bajador; the other, changing its
Stereotyped by A. Kirkwood, Edinburgh, a short interval, no more is to be given; bui is he con. course aear the bank of Bonnet Flamond, runs from Printed by Bradbury and Evans (late T. Davison). Whitefriars.
SLAVES IN THE DIAMOND MIXES.
LONDON: Published, with Permission of the Propriсtors, by OAR
Newsmen, &c. in town and country.
CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM CHAMBERS, AUTHOR OF “ THE BOOK OF SCOTLAND,” &c., AND BY ROBERT CHAMBERS,
AUTHOR OF “ TRADITIONS OF EDINBURGH,” “ PICTURE OF SCOTLAND,” &c.
Price THREE HALFPENCE.
A STORY OF THE TABLE D'HOTE. vessels ; innumerable boats were gliding round the at her marriage, and expressing many good wishes Last autumn, while residing for a short time in Paris ships. Every object on the rocky coast of Sweden for my journey, she returned home, and I pursued at an hotel adjoining the Rue St Honoré, at which was was distinctly seen, while, on the Danish side, the my way to Copenhagen, which, however, I soon after 8 table d'hote or ordinary, resorted to both by the in- island of Zealand seemed one vast and luxuriant gar. left on a tour through the country. mates of the house and by strangers, I had an oppor. den. I shall pass over my visit to the celebrated I returned to the capital a short time previous to tunity of bearing the relation of a number of incidents vaults of the Castle and to Hamlet's garden, and the period fixed for the marriage of Elise, and my emby different individuals, which did not fail to interest transport myself at once to Copenhagen.
ployment on arriving in Copenhagen was to purchase 'me. It is not customary at these Parisian ordinaries
After having satisfied myself with a minute survey for her a quantity of bridal finery, and some useful to sit after dinner, as in England ; all retire imme- of the Danish capital, I began to explore the surround household furniture; and ou a clear fine morning, I diately after the important matter of dinner is dis. ing country; and being an excellent pedestrian, I set out to visit my former host. cussed. On the occasion I mention, however, there used often to ramble about from dawn to sunset, seek. On approaching the cottage, I observed that an uu. happened to be five or six English and Scotch residing rest and refreshment in any cottage that chance usual scillness reigned around. The door was closed, ing at the hotel, and, by a natural feeling of nation threw in my way.
and the curtain of the little window of the room which ality, they fell into a species of acquaintance with each
In the course of one of these rambles, and while the family generally occupied was closely drawn. I other, and made a practice of sitting an hour or so
proceeding in the direction of Elsinore, I was over- feared that some evil had befallen them. I knocked after dinner, when all the French and other gentle. taken by a sudden storm. The thunder growled, the softly, but no one seemed to observe it; so I lifted the men had retired, telling one another where they had lightning flashed, and the rain came down in such latch, and entered. But how were my feelings shocked been, what they had seen in their various tours, and torrents, that, hardy as I was, and inured to such ac
at the scene which met my view! The good old man on what routes they intended to proceed, and so forth cidents, I was sain to look round for shelter; and ob sat with his hands over his eyes, apparently over. —all the while sipping some of those light, delicate, serving a cottage through an opening in the trees, whelmed with grief; bis snow-white hair hung in and refreshing wines for which the capital of France I hastened towards it. My request for shelter was
disorder round his face. His wife stood leaning over is so famous. At these pleasing after.dinner chats cheerfully complied with, by Peter Jansen, the owner him, her eyes red and swollen with weeping, while a enlivened as they were by the buoyancy of feeling of the cottage ; his wise kindly pressed me to take tall handsome youth, in a sailor's dress, was pacing which is usually produced by travelling, the delight
some refreshment, while their daughter brought me about the room, while big tears rolled down his suuful sunny atmosphere which prevailed both within
a seat. Being well acquainted with the Danish lan. burnt cheek. I looked round for Elise ; she was not and without, and the humming sounds of music, played by a band of wandering Italian minstrels in guage, I entered into conversation with the good old there, and I doubted not that her parents were mourn
“ You seem to be very comfortable here," said ing her loss. “My good friends,” said I, advancing, the court in front of the hotel—I was, as may easily I. “Yes, truly, that I am,” he replied ; “ I have rea. “I sympathise in your afliction ; this is a sad stroke be supposed, a willing listener. There was one gen.
son to be contented with my lot: I have sufficient for parents to suffer." “ You have heard, then ?" said tleman in particular, an Englishman, approaching
means for the support of my family; I have a good Peter, in a stified voice. “I have heard nothing," middle age, and of cheerful aspect, who entertained wife, a son to work for me, and,” continued he, looking I replied ; “but I find you in grief: I do not see the company with the recital of several interesting sto
at his daughter with a good-humoured smile, “a | your daughter : she has been taken from you : laries and incidents, both of a tragic and comic nature, daughter to plague me.” The old man went on to
ment not too deeply an early death : she has been rein which he had, chanced to be an actor in the course
tell me that his son, Joseph, who was daily expected moved, but, I trust, to a happier country.” The of his extensive wanderings. He was, as he informed home, was a sailor, and that his daughter, who was
old man groaned. “ Joseph,” said he to the young his auditors, a person who, for several years, had de betrothed to a young sailor, a shipmate of her bro- sailor, “ tell him your sister's state ; I cannot.” “ Alvoted his time and fortune to travelling. Journeying ther, was in the service of a lady residing near Co. though all Denmark were to pronounce her guilty, I froin country to country had become to him a passion, penhagen, who had permitted her to spend a few days will not credit it,” exclaimed Joseph, with impetulike that of the adventurous Sinbad. It was imma with her parents. So soon, however, as the impor. osity; “but what bouts it," continued he, dashing terial to him what route he pursued; change of scene,
tant business of preparing the winter provisions of away a tear; “who will believe me?" for the sake of health and recreation, was his princi- the family was over, she was to return to her parents' A considerable time elapsed before the sufferers pal object. He had visited most parts of Europe, from house, when the wedding was to be celebrated. There were sufficiently composed to inform me of the cause the North Cape to the Pillars of Hercules, and was
was an appearance of so much worth and goodness of their grief, of which I at length collected the folnow in Paris previous to setting out to Marseilles, about these simple people, that I willingly complied lowing particulars :—A few days after I kad last vi. whence he intended to proceed to Alexandria, in Egypt, with their invitation to remain all night under their sited them, Elise returned to the family in whose with the view of visiting the Cataracts of the Nile roof. After baving partaken of their frugal repast of service she was engaged. About this period, her He spoke the French, German, Italian, and some other rye-bread, milk, and eggs, I was conducted to a neat mistress, Madame Muller, began to complain of misstungues, with fluency; very frequently travelled on chamber, where I slept as sound as a top till next ing valuable articles of wearing apparel, which Elise, fout, with little else in the shape of luggage than bis morning. Soon after breakfast I took leave of my under whose charge the articles were placed, declared purse and his passport, and with no other arms than hosts, who would not accept of any remuneration must have been stolen from the paddock in which the a pretty stout walking-stick, which could be used with from me, saying that if his sailor boy ever visited clothes were dried. The losses at first were few, and advantage as a cudgel in genuine English style when
my fatherland, England, I should repay what I Madame Muller, after enjoining a more strict watch necessity required.
had received in kind. This I promised to do; and to be kept, passed them over ; but this seemed only to It was this gentleman's custom, as I have men.
after having accepted an invitation to witness the embolden the culprit : and when damask napkins, tioned, to entertain the company after dinner with marriage of Elise with Eric Polsen, I set out on my laces
, and many ocher expensive articles, disappeared, the relation of some amusing incidents in which he
return to Copenhagen. I had not, however, proceeded madame became exasperated, and charged Elise with had been personally engaged ; and one afternoon, the far when I heard some one running after me, and having secreted them. Elise protested her total innoconversation happening to turn on the subject of exe-calling on me to stop. I turned round, and was sur cence, but in vain. The articles had been especially cations, and the danger of juries condemning prisoners prised to see Elise running up the hill, quite out of committed to her charge: they had been put into the on circumstantial evidence, he was pleased to relate breath with the haste which she had made to over. paddock to dry: this paddock, which afforded pasture the following story, as one of the most extraordinary take me. I observed that she held something in her for a cow, was surrounded by a wall so exceedingly of its kind which had come within his knowledge, and hand, which, on her nearer approach, I discovered to high as to render it impossible that any one would which will be found to be verified by the records of be my purse. “Oh, sir,” cried she, “I wa afraid venture over it. What made the affair appear still the supreme criminal court of the country in which it I would not overtake you. You left your purse on the more against poor Elise, was the fact that these theft
table, and we were so vexed, for we did not know were committed in open day, the clothes never being Having resolved to visit Denmark, I embarked on where to send it to you ; and what would have be left in the green after dusk, and also that the window board a vessel bound for Elsinore, where I arrived income of you without your purse in a foreign land ?" of the laundry looked into the paddock ; 80 that, if good health and spirits, after a very delightful pas. “Why, my amiable Elise," I replied, "if all hearts any one had come over the wall, Elise must have seen sage. I visited, of course, the Castle of Cronenburg, were as good and as kind as those I found under your them. Poor Elise could only declare that she put one a magnificent edifice built by Frederick II., and from roof, I should not have missed it much." I pressed the things to dry; that she had seen no person enter the ramparts I enjoyed a prospect of surpassing beauty. her to take a piece of gold, but she steadily refused; the paddock ; but what became of the things, dhe Beneath lay the Sound, covered with a multitude of land after reminding me of my promise to be present I knew not.
Matters were in this state when a small silver spoon and establish her innocence; but, in the meantime, parent. From gloom and sadness, all became suddenly disappeared ; a servant recollected having seen it in she would be put to an ignominious death, and it joy and hilarious exclamation. I confess my inability Elise's hand, who said that she had been using it for would serve little purpose to have her innocence to depict the scene which followed in a way it deserves making starch, and that she laid it down on the outer proved after she had yielded up her life. With these to be pourtrayed. So let me explain in a few words sill of the laundry window for a few minutes, while she impressions on my mind, I lost no time in trying to
the cause of so happy a termination to this singular
drama. went up to her mistress's chamber with some clothes, procure a delay to her execution, or a mitigation of
Perhaps you may smile, gentlemen, when I informa and that when she returned the spoon was gone. The ber sentence, in which I was assisted by the hnmane servants all being examined, swore that they had never clergyman who attended her in prison. Through the you that the true culprit—the only robber of Ma.
dame Muller's premises— was discovered to be no one gone near the window, and that no one but the family kindness of the British ambassador, I procured an
else than the cow which browsed in the paddock be. had entered the house : in short, every one believed audience of one of the principal men of the court, hind her mansion. Its voracity in seizing upon and that Elise was secreting these things for her new house who filled an office resembling that of our English swallowing articles certainly ill calculated to serve it for bold; she was charged with theft, and committed to Secretary of State. To this nobleman I communi. fvod, was discovered in time to save poor Elise's life. prison, and the time appointed for her trial was fast cated all that I knew and felt respecting Elise's case, The animal was slaughtered ; and in a cavity in its approaching.
the honesty of her family, and her own hitherto uu. stomach was found the spoon which had been carried You may well suppose how much I was distressed impeachable character; and besought him to procure off so mysteriously ; a fact which explained every by this account. The silent affliction of the parents, for her the merciful interposition of the reigning thing else. and the more stormy grief of the young and ardent prince. “Stay but the execution for a few weeks,”
The news of this remarkable event, and the release sailor, affected me deeply, “My friends," said I, “ do said I, "and I ve no doubt wha but the inno. of the deeply wronged Elise, were received by all classes not despair. She is innocent: I am certain she is inno- cence of the young woman will in that interval be of citizens with the utmost gratification. Crowds from cent." As I said this the young man wrung my hand. made apparent.” My urgent representations did not, who would permit no restraint on account of his re
all parts of the city--and, among the rest, Eric Polsen, “Oh, sir," he exclaimed, “what a comfort it is to hear however, seem to be of much avail : the baron was
cent illness-attended at the prison to congratulate these words; but how shall we be able to prove her inno a courteous, but a somewhat positive man: he did the now fully acquitted Elise. A shout of joy met her cence ?” “ I can dechre, what at least is presumptive not like it to be supposed that he required any one to
ear, as she stepped forth hanging on the arm of ber proof, that she is incapable of committing this crime," suggest the line of policy which he should follow. lover; the best men in the city shook her by the hand; I replied ; and I then reminded them of the incident Bowing me out of the bureau, he said he would think her virtue and fortitude were the theme of every of her bringing me the purse, and of her refusal to ac- of what I had represented to him, and see what tould tongue; and when I departed from Copenhagen on cept of the gold I offered her-circumstances which be done. Elise's religious attendant was at the same my journey through Holstein to Keil, I had the er. I hoped would weigh greatly in her favour.
time busy in another quarter, and we yielded ourselves cecding pleasure of leaving her comfortably married, My exertions to console these good people were not to a faint hope that the execution would be stayed, and restored to the affections of her parents. without effect, and they gradually became more com- or the punishment altered. posed. I learned from them that Joseph was to re- Day after day fled, yet each descending sun shone
CALICO.PRINTING, turn next day to Copenhagen, to take every possible upon Elise at the grating of her dungeon. Time fies Calico. Printing is the art of applying one or more step to prove the innocence of his sister, and that Eric on with frightful rapidity, when the moments are colours to particular parts of cloth, so as to represent Polsen was already there, and eager to assist in clear. counted by those who are condemned to die on the leaves, flowers, &c., and the beauty depends partly on ing the fame of his betrothed. The greater part of the scaffold. The eve of the day of execution at length the elegance of the pattern, and partly upon the bril. night was spent in discoursing on this melancholy sub. arrived, and it harrows up my very soul when I recalliancy and contrast of the colours. The process is not jeet. Early next morning I returned to the city, ac. to remembrance the horrible preparations which were confined to cotton cloth, as the term calico-printing companied by Joseph; and I repaired without delay making for the taking away of the life of one of the would lead us to suppose. It is applied also to linen, to the prison, where I was permitted to see my young
most simple and amiable creatures that ever breathed. silk, and woollen cloth ; but as the processes are in ge. friend, with whom I had a long interview. If any That night I could not retire to my place of residence neral the same, I shall satisfy myself with describing doubt of her innocence had arisen in my mind, her in the town ; I wandered round the prison in a sort them as applied to cotton, because it is with them that demeanour would alone have been sufficient to dispel of distraction, while the stillness was ever and anon I am best acquainted. them. Her ingenuous countenance was indeed clouded broken by the noise which the workmen made in erect- The general opinion is, that this ingenious art ori. by grief, but no secret feeling of guilt troubled her ing the scaffold, and preparing the apparatus of death ginated in India, and that it has been known in that calm brow. I conversed a long time with her, but Morning dawned, and as soon as I could gain an en- country for a very long period. From a passage in without gaining any information which could lead to trance, I repaired to the prison with a heavy heart. Elise Pliny, who probably composed his Natural History the discovery of the real culprit. I learned that she was pale, but perfectly composed. After thanking me about the middle of the first century of the Christian was on the most friendly terms with all her fellow for the interest I had taken in her misfortune, she said era, it is evident that calico-printing was understood servants ; that they gave evidence against her with “I have yet another favour to ask you : will you de- and practised in Egypt in his time, but unktiown in the greatest reluctance; and that they all bore the liver these tokens of my affection to my dear parents | Italy. highest testimony to her character, previous to the and friends ?" I promised to fulfil her last wishes, “ There exists in Egypt," says he, "a wonderful time at which these thefts were committed. I shall and she then gave me a number of little packages, a method of dyeing. The white cloth is stained in 53. bot dwell on the details of the trial: suffice it to say, lock of hair to her parents, and a favourite brooch rious places, not with dye-stuffs, but with substances that the proofs of her guilt, upon the strongest cir. for Joseph. Her companions and fellow-servants which have the property of absorbing (fixing) colours. cumstantial evidence that could be produced, appeared were nut forgotten. There was a cross for one ; a
These applications are not visible upon the cloch ; beyond a doubt. It was proved by the witnesses that string of amber beads for another; some little gift for hut when the pieces are dipt into a hot cauldron the articles missing had been in Elise's bands the last
containing the dye, they are drawn out an instant every one.
She also made me the bearer of a letter after, dved. The remarkable circumstance is, that time they were seen; and it was shown in an especial to Eric, to be given to him should his life and senses though there he only one dye in the vat, yet different manner that the silver spoon, of which she was accused be spared. “ Pardon me, sir," said she, with a smile, colours appear on the cloth ; nor can the colours be of robbing her mistress, had disappeared in such a way " for tasking your kindness so deeply; but I feared again removed.” That this description of Pliny apo that no one else could have taken it. The unfortu. that if I addressed my dear brother on this subject, who will take the trouble to read the account of the
lies to calico-printing, will be erident to every person Date Elise could urge no defence that made any in his grief would destroy the fortitude which I have
processes which we are yoing to give. pression on her judges. In their opinion, she was struggled so severely to acquire."
The colours applied to calico in India are beautiful clearly convicted of the heinous offence of carrying Joseph now entered : but I shall pass over the and fast. The variety of their patterns, and the on a regular depredation of her mistress's property ; scene that followed. It is many years since I wil great number of colours which they understood how and, according to the cruel laws of the country, was nessed it, but the recollection still brings tears to
to fix on different parts of the cloth, gave to their
printed calicoes a richness and a value of no ordinary condemned to death.
my eyes. As she was conducted to the scaffold, the kind. But their processes are so tedious, and their You may easily imagine, gentlemen, that the an. whole spectators were in tears. Iler youthful and machinery so cluinsy, that they could be employed nouncement of such a barbarous sentence-granting modest appearance, her sweet and ingenuous coun. only where labour is su cheap as to be scarcely any
It is little more than a even that the poor girl had been guilty-was calcu- tenance, and her air of resignation and piety, inte-object to the manufacturer. lated to harrow up the feelings of all who were any rested every heart: sobs and groans were heard
century and a balf since calico-printing was trans
ferred from India to Europe, and little more than a way acquainted with the culprit's character, her fa- through every part of the assembled multitude ; wo.
century since it began to be understood in Great Bri. mily, and her prospects of future happiness. I took on men wept aloud, and many a grey-bearded man turned tain. The European nations who have made the myself the painful task of breaking the aflicting in. aside to dash away the large drops that fell from his greatest progress in it, are Switzerland, France, espetelligence to the parents ; but the shock was so severe eyes. The feelings of her brother almost bafle de. cially in Alsace, some parts of Germany, Belgium,
and Great Britain. as to lay the good old man on a sick bed, from which scription. On first encountering the moving mass it seemed more than probable that he would never rise. assembled to witness his sister's execution, Joseph created anew. By the application of machinery, and
In Europe, the art has been in some measure Joseph stifled his own grief, and strove to console looked around with an expression of fierceness and by the light thrown on the processes by the rapid im. and comfort his sister under this terrible stroke. But disdain ; but on meeting their sympathising glances, provements in chemistry, the tedious methods of the the grief of Eric would not be controlled, and a brain and seeing the tears that bedewed their faces, his Indians have been wonderfully simplified ; while the fever was the consequence of the agonies of his mind. countenance changed, and he appeared nearly suffo- they are executed, and for the beauty and variety
processes are remarkable for the rapidity with which I never allowed a day to pass without visiting the poor cated by emotion.
and fastness of the colours. prisoner. Conscious of her innocence, she had never The fatal moment at length arrived; the term of I propose in this paper to give a sketch of the dis. ceased to believe that this would be manifested, till her earthly sufferings was about to close, when a ferent processes of calico-printing, such as they are at the fatal sentence put a period to her hopes; but she sudden tumult arose at the extremity of the crowd.
present practised by the most skilful printers in Lan. bore her affliction meekly, and courageously prepared | I heard a confused murmur, which gradually in
cashire, and in the neighbonrhood of Glasgow.
The cotton cloth, after being woven, is subjected to to meet her fate.
creased in loudness. The sensation, as it soon apThe more that I saw of the unhappy Elise, the peared, was caused by the approach of an officer of . We have abridged this article from a most minute and scienmore did I feel myself interested in her case.
tific account of the art of calico-printing, giren by Professor government, bearing an order to release the culprit,
Thorson of Glasgow, in the first and third numbers of a periodiceived she was the victim of some extraordinary a pardon having been granted in her favour, or rather, cal recently commenced, entitled " Records of General Seience, mystery, which would sooner or later be cleared up, as it appeared, her innocence having been made ap-relative to improvements in the arts and sciences,
several preliminary processes before it is fit for calico. and, 3. Peroxide of iron. These mordants fix the co. 10. For the galling, 18 lbs. of Aleppo galls are to be printing. It will be sufficient merely to allude to them. lours; and when the printers wish to discharge a boiled for four or five hours in 25 gallons of water, till They are singeing and bleaching. The singeing is colour from cloth, they employ something that will the bulk is reduced to about 20 gallons. This liquid, intended to remove the fibres of cotton which protrude dissolve the mordant. The dischargers are either after straining, is strong enough to impregnate 100lbs. on the surface of the cloth. This is done by passing acids, or substances having a strong atfinity for oxygen. of cloth, with the requisite quantity of nut galls. Of the cloth rapidly over the surface of a red-hot iron The colouring matters which are employed are partly late yeara, sumach from Sicily has been substituted for cylinder, which burns off all the hairs, or protruding from vegetable, partly from metallic solutions; and nut galls ; 33 lbs. of sumach being reckoned equivalent fibres of the cotton, without injuring the cloth. Of they are less or more brought out by chemical action. to 18 lbs. of nut galls. Sometimes a mixture of 9 lbs. lace years, an ingenious coal-gas apparatus has been A substance called resist paste is used to cover those of nut galls and 161lbs. of sumach is employed. substituted for the red-hot iron, both in Manchester parts of the cloth which are to remain white. The In this liqnor, heated to 80° or 100', the cloth is and Glasgow.
goods are passed through hot water containing cow. fully soaked. The sumach gives the cloth a yellow The bleaching of cotton consists essentially of four dung, and well washed before they are dried. colour, which serves to improve the madder-red by different processes:-1. The cloth is boiled with lime One of the most interesting processes in calico. rendering it more lively. and water ; it is then washed clean. 2. It is steeped printing is that which relates to the producing of 11. The next process is to fix the alumina on the for some hours in a solution of chloride of lime, or bandana handkerchiefs, of a Turkey-red colour, em
cloth. This step (as has already been observed) is bleaching powder, as it is usually called... From this bellished with white spots, stars, or crosses. The essential, because without it the madder dye would steep also it is washed clean. 3. It is boiled in a so- enormous trouble incurred in calico-printing may be
not remain fixed. lution of American potash. After the duty was taken understood by a perusal of the account of this process
In this country, alum is used by the manufacturers ; off common salt, carbonate of soda (and consequently What is called by the name of the Turkey-red dye has but in many parts of the Continent acetate of alumina caustic soda) became so cheap, that it gradually took long been known in the Levant, and in different parts is employed. To form the alumn liquor of the Turkey. the place of pearl ashes. 4. The cloth is now almost of Turkey. From that country it made its way to red dyers, to a solution of alum of the specific gravity bleached; it requires only to be steeped in water hold- France, and about fifty years ago it was begun in Glas. 1.04, as much pearl ash, soda, or chalk, is added, as is ing in solution about four per cent. of sulphuric acid, gow, by a Mr Papillon, who established a Turkey-red sufficient to precipitate the alumina contained in the to complete the process. Cotton cloth, at an average, dyework along with Mr MʻIntosh. He made an agree. alum. Through this muddy liquor (which should takes about two days to bleach. But when there ment with the commissioners and trustees for manu- have a temperature from 100° to 120°), the cloth is happens to be occasion for greater dispatch, it is no factures in Scotland, that the process was to be by them passed and steeped for twelve hours. The alumina is uncommon thing to complete the bleaching and cal published for the benefit of the public at the end of a imbibed by the cloth, and unites with its tibres. lendering in twenty-four hours. certain term of years. Accordingly, in the year 1803,
12. The cloth thus united with alumina is stove. The cloch being bleached or prepared, is now ready | the trustees laid a minute account of the different steps dried, and then washed out of the alum liquor. for being subjected to the printing processes. There before the public. The process has been followed in 13. These essential preliminary steps having been are two modes of printing, namely, block-printing and Glasgow ever since, and many improvements have taken, the cloth is ready to receive the red dve. cylinder-printing. The former has been practised been introduced. The method of discharging the From 1 to 3 lbs. of madder, reduced to the state of from time immemorial; the latter is a modern inven-colour was first practised on an extensive scale by powder, for every pound of cloth is employed; the tion, and originated probably after the introduction Henry Monteath and Company, at Rutherglen Bridge. quantity depending upon the shade of colour wanted. of the art of printing into Great Britain.
It is probable that the process was discovered by more
The cloch is entered into the boiler while the water is The block is a piece of sycamore (or, more com. than one individual about the same time. I know cold. It is made to boil in an hour, and the boiling monly, a fir board, on which a piece of sycamore is of at least three claimants; but not having the means is continued for two bours. During the whole of this glued) on which the pattern intended to be printed of determining the priority of any of them, I think it time the cloth is passed through the dyeing liquor by on the cloth is cut. The parts which are to make the better to avoid uncertain details.
means of the winch. impression are left prominent, while the rest of the The method of fixing the Turkey-red dye on cloth For every 25 lbs. of cloth dyed, one gallon of bul. block is cut away, just as is practised for wood en. is complicated and tedious. I shall here give a sketch lock's blood is added. This is the quantity of cloth gravings. When the pattern is too complicated, and of the different steps, and explain them so far as they dyed at once in a boiler. The addition of the blood the lines too fine to be cut in wood, they are made by are understood.
is indispensable for obtaining a fine red colour. Many means of small pieces of copper drawn out into nar- 1. The cloth is steeped in a weak alkaline ley, to attempts have been made to leave it out, but they row ribbons of the requisite tineness; these are inge- remove the weaver's dressing. This is technically have been unsuccessful. I suspect that the colouring niously driven into the block, and the intervals are called the rot steep. Four or five pounds of caustic matter of blood is fixed upon the cloth. Its fine scarfilled up with felt. Great patience and ingenuity are potash are generally employed for every 100 lbs. of let tint will doubtless improve the colour of madder. displayed in making these blocks for use, and calico- cloth. The temperature of the solution is from 100° to
red. printers are under the necessity of keeping a number 120°; the cloth is kept in the steep for 24 hours, and
14. Madder contains two colouring matters, a brown of workmen, at high wages, for that express purpose. then well washed.
and a red. Both are fixed on the cloth by the dyeing . The inventors and drawers of the patterns consti. 2. From 7 to 10 lbs. of carbonate of soda are dis. process, giving the cloth a brownish red, and rather tute another class of ingenious artists, in the pay of solved in a sufficient quantity of water to keep the disagreeable colour. The brown colour is not nearly the calico-printers, at high wages.
cloth (always supposed to weigh 100 lbs.) wet. In so fixed as the red. The object of the next process, The cylinder is a large cylinder of copper, about a this solution the cloth is boiled for some time.
called the clearing process, is to get rid of the brown yard in length, and four or five inches in diameter,
3. It is upon the third process that the beauty of the colouring matter. The cloth is boiled for twelve or apon which the pattern to be printed on the cloth is colour depends more than upon any other. Without fourteen hours in a mixture of 5 lbs. soda, 8 lbs. soap, engraved. This cylinder is made to revolve, and it the dye cannot be produced upon new cloth ; but and from 16 to 18 gallons of residual liquid of No. 9, press against the cloth, taking up the mordants or
when old cotton cloth that has been frequently washed with a sufficient quantity of water. By this boiling colours to be printed on the cloth as it revolves. By (a cotton shirt for example) is to be dyed, this process the brown colouring matter is mostly removed, and this ingenious contrivance, two or even three differ may be omitted altogether.
the cloth begins to assume the fine tint which charac. ent colours are printed on the cloth at once, and the A liquor is composed of the following ingredients : terises Turkey-red dyed cloth. It is still farther im, printing proceeds, without interruption, till a whole -l gallon of gallipoli oil; 1} gallon of soft sheep-dung; proved by the next process. piece, or indeed any number of pieces attached to each 4 gallons of a solution of carbonate of soda ; 1 gallon 15. Five or six pounds of soap, and from sixteen other, are printed.
of solution of pearl ash, mixed with a sufficient quan. to eighteen ounces of protochloride of tin, in crystals, Another method of printing is almost the same as tity of cold water to make up 22 gallons. This liquor are dissolved in water in a globular boiler into which copperplate printing. The pattern is engraved upon has a milk-white appearance, and is in fact a kind of the cloth is put. The boiler is then covered with a a filac copper plate, a yard or more square. Upon this imperfect soap. It is put into a large wooden, open, lid, which fits close, and the boiling is conducted plate, the colour or mordant to be applied is spread. cylindrical vessel called the liquor-tub, and is kept under the pressure of two atmospheres, or at the temIt is then pulled. As it passes along, an elastic steel continually in motion (to prevent subsidence) by wooden perature of 250°. The boiler is furnished with a plate, called a doctor, takes off all the colour, except levers, driven round in it by machinery. This liquor safety valve and a small conical pipe, the extremity that which fills the engraving. Being pressed against is conveyed by tin pipes to a kind of trough, in what of which has an opening of about three-sixteenths of the cloth in the act of pulling, it prints upon it either is called the padding-machine, where the cloth is tho. an inch in diameter, from which there issues a conin mordants or colours, as may be the impression of roughly soaked in it. The longer the cloth is allowed stant stream of steam during the operation. The the pattern. Whether the printing is applied by the to remain impregnated with this liquor, the better does salt of tin is found materially to improve the colour. block, the cylinder, or the flat plate, the treatment of it take the dye. Fourteen days is the least period that Probably the oxide of tin combines with the oleagi. the goods is nearly the same. this impregnation is allowed to remain.
nous acid of the soap (fixed in the cloth). This in. Most commonly the printing process is employed The sheep-dung gives the cloth a green colour, and soluble soap doubtless unites with the red colouring to fix the mordants upon the cloth, which is after is found materially to assist the bleaching process to matter of the madder, and alters the shade. wards dyed in the usual way. Those parts only re- which it is afterwards subjected. It is found to in- 16. After all these processes, the cloth is spread out tain the colour which have imbibed the mordant, crease the rapidity of the bleaching, especially when on the grass, and exposed to the sun for a few days, while the other parts of the cloth remain white. the cloth is exposed on the grass between the different which tinishes the clearing. Sometimes acids, or other substances, are printed on operations.
Such is a very short but accurate sketch of the cloth already dyed, to remove the colour from certain 4. In favourable weather the cloth impregnated with Turkey-red dyeing, as practised in the principal works portions of it which are to be left white, or to receive the imperfect soap of No. 3, is spread upon the grass in Glasgow. Many attempts have been made to some other colour.
to dry; but in rainy weather it is dried in the stove. shorten the processes, but hitberto without success, Occasionally, substances are printed on cloth before 5. The cloth thus dried is a second time impreg. | The impregnation with oil, or rather soap, is essen. it is dipt into che indigo vat, to prevent the blue colour nated with the oleaginous liquid of No. 3. It is then tial. If one, two, or three immersions be omitted, from becoming fixed on those parts to which they are dried again. The impregnation and drying processes the red is inferior in proportion to the omissions. applied. Substances possessed of these properties are are repeated a third time.
Doubtless this soap combines with and remains atcalled resist pastes. It is a very common practice to 6. The cloth is steeped in a weak solution of pearl | tached to the cloch. Aud the same remark applies to communicate mordants and colouring matters to cloth ash, heated to the temperature of 120°. From this common soap. at the same time. liquor it is wrung out and again dried.
Cloth bleached with chloride of lime does not proThe term mordant is applied by dyers to certain 7. A mixture is made of the following substances : duce a good red. Doubtless the fibres of the cotton substances with which the cloth is impregnated be. - gallon gallipoli oil; 3 gallons soda ley; I gallon wool combine with lime, or rather with sulphate of fore it is dyed, otherwise the colour would not fix, caustic potash ley, diluted with as much water as will lime, which, by decomposing the oleaginous soap, but would disappear on washing or exposure to the make up the whole to 22 gallons. In this liquid it is prevents it from combining with cloth. But cloth light. The name was given by the French dyers soaked as it was with that of No. 3.
bleached by the old process, namely, boiling in ley (from the Latin word mordere, to bite), from a notion The cloth thus impregnated is in fine weather dried or soap, and exposure to the action of the sun, answers entertained by them that the action of mordants was on the grass, in rainy weather in the stove.
perfectly. The colours would be as good without the mechanical, that they were of a corrosive or biting 8. The process No. 7 is repeated thrice, and after galls as with them ; but there would be considerable nature, and served merely to open the pores of the each soaking the cloth is exposed for some hours on difficulty in sufficiently impregnativg the cloth with cloth, into which the colouring matter might insinu- the grass, and finally dried in the stove.
the alum liquor, without its being previously passed ate itself. It is now understood that their action is 9. The cloth is steeped in a mixed ley of pearl ash through the alum decoction, especially if the cloth be chemical. They have an affinity to the cloth, which and soda, of the specific gravity 1.01 to 1.0125, heated in the least degree greasy. causes them to adhere to it; while the colouring mat- to the temperature of 120°. It is allowed to drain for The whole cloth is dyed Turkey-red. The white ter has an affinity for, and adheres to, the mordant. some hours, and then well washed. It is then dried in stars or spots constitute an after process, and are
The usual mordants employed by the calico-printer the stove. The object of this process is to remove any formed hy discharging the dye by means of water im. are the three following:- 1. Alumina, or the alum mor- superfluous oil which might adhere to the cloth. pregnated with chlurine. Fifteen pieces of cloth, dant, which is made by dissolving alum in water, and should any such oil be present, the succeeding pro- dyed Turkey-red, are laid Aat upon each other on a adding acetate of lime to the solution ; 2. Oxide of tin; cess, the
galling, could not be accomplished. plate of lead of the size of the pocket-handkerchief.
THE COUNTRY GENTLEMAN OF THE TIME OF
Another plate of lead is laid over them, and the two brother, his butler is grey-headed, his groom is one of themselves in his way; and it is on both sides, as it plates are pressed violently together, either by means the gravest men that I have ever seen, and his coach. were, understood as a visit, when the servants appear of screws, or, in the more perfect establishments, by man has the looks of a privy-councillor. You see the without calling. This proceeds from the humane and the Bramah press, exerting a pressure of about 200 goodness of the master even in the old house.dog, and equal temper of the man of the house, who also percons. Through the upper plate are cut holes correspond. in a grey pad that is kept in the stable with great care fectly well knows how to enjoy a great estate with ing exactly with the star, cross, &c. to be discharged and tenderness, out of regard to his past services, such economy as ever to be much beforehand. This on the cloth. A solution of bleaebing powder, mixed though he been useless for several years.
makes his own mind untroubled, and consequently with an acid to set the chlorine at liberty, is made to I could not but observe, with a great deal of plea. unapt to vent peevish expressions, or give passionate flow over the upper plate, and forced by ingenious sure, the joy that appeared in the countenance of these or inconsistent orders to those about him. Thus recontrivances to pass through the cavities cut in the ancient domestics upon my friend's arrival at his coun. spect and love go together, and a certain cheerfulness plate. It penetrates through all the fifteen pieces of try seat; some of them could not refrain from tears in performance of their duty is the particular discluth, discharging the colour, while the violent pres. at the sight of their old master ; every one of them tinction of the lower part of this family mure effectually prevents it from spreading to those pressed forward to do something for him, and seemed A man of honour and generosity considers it would parts of tbe cloth which are to retain the colour. discouraged if they were not employed. At the same be miserable to himself to have no will but that of
When this process was first put in practice, the time, the good old knight, with a mixture of the father another, though it were of the best person breathing, edges of the holes in the lead were left sharp : the and the master of the family, tempered the inquiries and for that reason goes on as fast as he is able to put consequence of this was, that the violent pressure to after his own affairs with several kind questions re. his servants into independent livelihoods. The greatest which they were subjected caused them to cut the lating to themselves. This humanity and good na. part of Sir Roger's estate is tenanted by persons who cloth, so that the whole spots soon fell out, leaving tnre engages every body to him, so tbat when he is have served himself or his ancestors. It was to me holes in their place. This was ascribed to the corro. pleasant upon any of them, all his family are in good extremely pleasant to observe the visitants from sevesive etfect of the chlorine, whereas it was in reality humour, and none so much as the person whom he ral parts to welcome his arrival into the country; and owing to the bad construction of the leaden plates. diverts himself with ; on the contrary, if he coughs, all the difference that I could take notice of between Henry Monieath & Company were the first persons or betrays any infirmity of old age, it is easy for a the late servants who came to see him, and those who who manufactured these haridkerchiefs, or bandanas, stander-by to observe a secret concern in the looks of staid in the family, was that there latter were looksd as they are called, and they realised by them a very all his servants.
upon us tiner gentlemen and better courriers. large fortune.
My chief companion, when Sir Roger is diverting This manumission, and placing them in a way of himself in the woods or the fields, is a very venerable livelihood, I look upon as only what is due to a good
man who is ever with Sir Roger, and bas lived at his servant; which encouragement will make his successor OLD ENGLISH MANNERS.
house in the nature of a chaplain above thirty years. be as diligent, as humble, and as ready as he was. This gentleman is a person of good sense and some There is something wonderful in the narrowness of learning, of a very regular life and obliging conversa. those minds which can be pleased, and be barren of tion; he heartily loves Sir Roger, and knows that he bounty to those who please them.
is very much in the old kniglit's esteem, so that he As I was yesterday morning walking with Sir Roger Of the English country gentleman of the time of lives in the family rather as a relation than a de. before his house, a country fellow brought him a huge Queen Anne, no better picture can be found than in pendent.
fish, which, he told him, Mr William Wimbie had those parts of the Spectator which relate to Sir Roger I have observed in several of my papers, that my caught that very morning; and that he presented it,
with his service to him, and intended to come and de Coverley, a favourite character of Addison. Sir friend Sir Roger, amidst all his good qualities, is
something of a humorist ; and that his virtues, as dine with him. At the same time, he delivered a Roger, it is true, is allowed to have a smaek of ec.
well as imperfections, are, as it were, tinged by a cer. letter, which my friend read to me as soon as the centricity, and it is certain that some features of the tain extravagance, which makes them particularly his, messenger lest him-, country gentleman of the time are in him rather and distinguishes them from those of other 'men. •Sir Roger-I desire you to accept of a jack, weakly brought out. Yet, as a whole, we believe the This case of mind, as it is generally very innocent in which is the best I have caught this season. I intend portraiture to be not only the best of its kind in ex.
itself, so it renders his conversation highly agreeable, to come and stay with you a week, and see how the
and more delightful than the same degree of sense and perch bite in the Black River. I observed with sotue istence, but one of the most delightful things in En virtue would appear in their common and ordinary concern, the last time I saw you upon the bowlingglish literature. We therefore make no scruple of colours. As I was walking with him last night, he green, that your whip wanted a lash to it; I will bring extracting from the well-known book in question, as asked me how I liked the good man whom I have halt a dozen with me that I twisted last week, which much of the papers respecting Sir Roger as may be just now mentioned ; and, without staying for my an- I hope will serve you all the time you are in the necessary to convey an idea of the person described swer, told me that he was afraid of being insulted with country. I have not been out of the saddle for six
Latin and Greek at his own table ; for which reason days last past, having been at Eton with Sir Jobn's in the above title.
he desired a particular friend of his at the university eldest son. He takes to his learning hugely.--I atz, “ The first of our society is a gentleman of Worces. to find him out a clergyman rather of plain sense than Sir, your humble servant, WILLIAM WIMBLE.' tershire, of ancient descent, a baronet, his name Sir much learning, of a good aspect, a clear voice, a This extraordinary letter, and message tbat accomRoger de Coverley. His great grandfather was in sociable temper, and, it possible, a man that under- panied it, made me very curious to know the character ventor of that famous country-dance which is called stood something of backgammon. My friend, says and quality of the gentleman who sent them, which after him. All who know that shire are very weli Sir Roger, found me out this gentleman, who, besides I found to be as follows :-Will Wimble is yonnger acquainted with the parts and merits of Sir Roger. the endowments required of hin, is, they tell me, a brother to a baronet, and descended of the ancient 1a. He is a gentleman that is very singular in his beha. | good scholar, though he does not show it: I have given mily of the Wimbles. He is now between forty and viour, but his singularities proceed from his good sense, him the parsonage of the parish; and, because I know fisty, but being bred to no business, and born to no and are contradictions to the manners of the world, his value, have settled upon him a guod annuity for estate, he geuerally lives with his elder brother as only as he thinks the world is in the wrong. Hlow. | life. If he outlives me, he shall find that he was superintendant of his game. He hunts a pack of dogs ever, this humour creates him no enemies, for he does higher in my esteem chan perbaps he thinks he is. better than any man in the country, and is very nothing with sourness or obstinacy; and his being He has now been with me ibirty years; and though famous for tinding out a hare. He is extremely well upcontined to modes and forms makes him but the he does not know I have taken notice of it, has never versed in all the little handicrafts of an idle men: he readier and more capable to please and oblige all who in all that time asked any thing of me for himself, makes a May-fly to a miracle, and furnishes the whole know him. When he is in town, he lives in Soho though he is every day soliciting me for something in county with angle-rods. As he is a good natured Square. It is said he keeps himself a bachelor, by behalt of one or other of my tenants, his parishioners. ofiicious fellow, and very much esteemed upon account reason be ras crossed in love by a perverse beautiful There has not been a law-suit in the parish since he of his family, he is a welcome guest at every house, widow of the next county to him. Before this disap. has lived among thein; if any dispute arises, they ap- and keeps up a good correspondence among all the pointment, Sir Roger was what you call a fine gentle: ply themselves to him for the decision; if they do not gentlemen about him. He carries a tulip-root in his man, had often supped with my Lord Rochester and acquiesce in his judgment, which I think never hap pocket from one to another, or exchanges a puppy Sir George Etherege, fought a duel upon his first pened above once or twice at most, they appeal to me. between a couple of friends that live perhaps in the coming to town, and kicked Bully Dawson in a pub. At his first settling with me I made him a present of all opposite sides of the county. Will is a particular lic cotfeehouse for calling him youngster. But being the good sermons which bave been printed in English, favourite of all the young heirs, whom he frequently il).tised by the above-mentioned widow, he was very and only begged of him that every Sunday he would obliges with a ner that he has weaved, or a setting. serious for a year and a half; and though, his temper pronounce one of them in the pulpit. Accordingly, dog that he has made himself. He now and then being naturally jovial, he at last got over it, be grew he has digested them into such a series that they fol. presents a pair of garters of his own knitting to their careless of himself, and never dressed afterwards. low one another naturally, and make a continued sys. mothers or sisters, and raises a great deal of mirth He continues to wear a coat and doublet of the same tem of practical divinity.
among them by inquiring, as often as he meets them, cut that were in fashion at the time of his repulse, As Sir Roger was going on in his story, the gentle. how they wear? These gentleman.like manufactures which, in his merry humours, he tells us has been in
man we were talking of caine up to us; and upon the and obliging little humours make Will the darling vf and out twelve times since he tirst wore it. He is now knight's asking him who preached to-morrow, for it was
the country: in his fifty.sixth year, cheerful, gay, and hearty; Sacurday night, told us, the Bishop of St Asaph in the Sir Roger was proceeding in the character of him, keeps a good house both in town and country; a great morning, and Dr South in the afternoon. He then when we saw him make up to us with two or ibree lover of mankind; but there is such a mirthful cast showed us his list of preachers for the whole year, where hazel.twigs in his hand that he had cut in Sir Roger's in his behaviour, that he is rather beloved than I saw with a great deal of pleasure Archbishop 'T,). woods, as he came through them, in his way to the esteemed. His tenants grow rich, his servants look lotson, Bishop Saunderson, Dr Barrow, Dr Calamy, house. I was very much pleased to observe on one satisfied, all the young women profess love to him, and with several living authors who have published dis- side the hearty and sincere welcome with which Sir the young men are glad of his company; when he courses of practical divinity. I no sooner saw this Roger received him, and on the other, the secret joy comes into a house on a visit, he calls ihe servants
venerable man in the pulpit, but I very much ap. | which his guest discovered at the sight of the good by their names, and talks all the way up stairs. I proved of my friend's insisting upon the qualifications old knight. After the first salutes were over, Will must not omit, that Sir Roger is a justice of the quo. of a good aspect and a clear voice ; for I was so desired Sir Roger to lend him one of his servants to rum; that he fills the chair at a quarter-session with charmed with the gracefulness of his figure and deli. carry a set of shuttlecocks he had with him in a little great abilities, and three months ago gained univer- very, as well as with the discourses he pronounced, box to a lady that lived about a mile off, to whom it sal applause by explaining a passage in the game act. that I think I never passed any time more to my satis- seems he had promised such a present for above this
Ilaving often received an invitation from my friend faction. A sermon repeated after this manner is like half year. Sir Roger's back was no sooner turoed, Sir Roger de Coverley to pass away a month with him the composition of a poet in the mouth of & graceful but honest Will began to tell me of a large cockin the country, I last week accompanied him thither, actor.
pheasant that he had sprung in one of the neighbour. and am settled with him for some time at his country The reception, manner of attendance, undisturbed ing woods, with two or three other adventures of the house. Sir Roger, who is very well acquainted with freedom and quiet which I meet with here in the same nature. Odd and uncommon characters are the my humour, lets me rise and go to bed when I please, country, has confirmed me in the opinion I always game that I look for, and most delight in ; for which dine at his own table or in my chamber as I think fit, had, that the general corruption of manners in ser- reason I was as much pleased with the novelty of the sit still and say nothing without bidding me be merry. vants is owing to the conduct of masters. The aspect person that talked to me, as he could be for his life I am the more at ease in his family, because it con. of every one in the family carries sc much satisfaction, with the springing of the pheasant, and therefore sists of sober and stayed persons ; for as the knight is that it appears he knows the happy lot which has be listened to him with more than ordinary attention. the best master in the world, he seldom changes his fallen him in being a member of it. There is one par. In the midst of this discourse the bell rung to dinservants; and as he is beloved by all about him, his ticular which I have seldom seen but at Sir Roger's: ner, where the gentleman I have been speaking of had servants never care for leaving him; by this means it is usual in all other places that servants fly from the pleasure of seeing the huge jack he had caught, his domestics are all in years, and grown old with their the parts of the house through which their inaster is served up for the first dish in a most sumptuous man. master. You would take his valet-de-chambre for his I passing; on the contrary, here they industriously place ner. Upon our sitting down to it, he gave us a loug