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relieve them, when Sir John Moore, perceiving their and for his jokes and his puns_he was a punster, once lent her his poems to read. We often lament mistake, said, "My brave 42d, join your comrades; and a good one ; nor in his ramblings in the neigh that he did not give them to her ; but the author of ammunition is coming, and you have your bayonets. bourhood of Cheshunt, and Southgate, and Ware, and the Vicar of Wakefield was poor. The hint was enough. They soon made a good use Tottenham High Cross, and on the banks of the Lea,

Kind surely must have been the disposition of him of the formidable weapon to which their general re- thinking of Walton and his plain-mindedness! nor

who sought out the nurse that attended the last mo. ferred. latterly at Waltham, nor at W’inchmore, nor in the

ments of Coleridge (whom living he adored and dead After the battle of Corunna, the 42d embarked with green lanes about Enfield, where, on a summer's even- thus honoured), ibai on her head he might pour out the rest of the army for England, where it reinained ing, he would walk with his amiable sister, his almost the overflowings of the irresistible goodness of his till July 1809, when it joined the expedition to Wal. inseparable companion of forty years.

He gave her tive pounds; but this we did cheren. On its return from this unfortunate enter. As, reader, thou hast not seen the living Elia- not learn from himself. These were but trifles ; yet prise, it was quartered at Canterbury till July 1810, would that thou hadst, for thou wouldst ever have re- of such was the life of this the most amiable of men when it was ordered to Scotland. In the August of membered his sweet smile, and the gentleness of bis made up.

heart-turn to his books, there thou mayest imagine in April 1812 was embarked at Plymouth for Portugal . him, kindlier than he was thou canst not, and he He preferred Wardour Street and Seven Dials to fields

His tastes, in many respects, were most singular. The part which this gallant regiment performed, to. gether with the other Highland corps employed in the which thou wilt hereafter

think of with delight. He clock from St Dunstan's Church drew tears from him; Peninsular war, in the series of splendid operations will conduct thee to the Old South-Sea House_once which followed, is too well known to render it neces. his own—and to Oxford, where thou wilt meet with

por could he ever pass without emotion the place sary to enter into any details regarding it here. In George Dyer (George is worthy thy knowing ), or he where Exeter 'Change once stood. The removal bad all they conducted themselves with a steadiness and will sit with thee the old year out, and quote the old spoiled a reality in Gay. The passer-by, he said, no

longer saw the combs dangle in his face." This gallantry which excited equally the admiration of their poets, and that beautiful line in his friend's Ode,

almost broke his heart. He had no taste for flowers friends and their enemies; until their fame attained

"I saw the skirts of the departing year;" its height, and their military services were brought to

or green fields; he preferred the high road. The or he will introduce thee to Mrs Battle, who, next to Garden of Eden, he used to say, must have been a a close, on the memorable field of Waterloo.

her devotions, loved a game at whist; or he will plea. dull place. From the period of its first formation, in 1740, till santly shake his cap and bells with thee on the first of 1815, the number of battles, actions, and skirmishes, April; or accompany thee to a Quakers' Meeting, or

All his books were without portraits ; nor did he in which the regiment was engaged, amounts to forty- describe to thee the Old and the New Schoolmaster, He had a humorous method of testing the friendship

ever preserve, with two exceptions, a single letter. five, giving an average of considerably more than one or tell thee a delightful story-no fiction-of Valen- of his visitors ; it was, whether in their walks with encounter with an enemy every two years.

tine's Eve, or take thee with him, Bridget Elia by him they would taste the tap of mine host at the
his side-thou wilt love Bridget-on a visit to his re.
lations,

Horse-Shoe, or at the Rose and Crown, or at the
CHARLES LAMB.

Rising Sun! But a member of the temperance so

“ Through the green plains of pleasant Hertfordshire ;" ciety, on these occasions, could not have been more (This very pleasing sketch has reached us in the form of a small

or he will discourse to thee on modern gallantry, or abstemious. A single glass would suffice. We bare pamphlet, printed for private circulation. Believing it to be the composition of an excellent young friend, Mr Lamb's last pub- point out to thee the old Benchers of the Inner Tem. seen ladies enter with him--the fastidious Barbara S.; lisher, we take the liberty of presenting it to more extensive no ple, or describe to thee his first vist to Old Drury, and great poets—the author of the Excursion himself! tice.)

and introduce thee to his old favourites—now forgot. He was no politician, though, in his youth, he once Within a few months of each other we have lost two ten; or thou shalt hear him—for he loved those whom assisted to draw through the streets Charles James remarkable men, Samuel Taylor Coleridge and Charles none loved-speak in the purest strain of humanity Fox! Nor was he a man of business. He could not Lamb. They were schoolfellows, read together, first in praise of chimney-sweepers, “ innocent black. | pack up a trunk, nor tie up a parcel. Yet he was published together, and were undivided even in death! nesses," as he calls them, and of beggars, and lainent methodical, punctual in his appointments, and an exWhen we last saw the latter-sad recollection !-he the decay of the latter ; or he will rouse thy fancy, and cellent paymaster. A debt haunted him! He could said he was ever thinking of his friend. He is now

make thy mouth water with his savoury dissertation not live in another person's books! He wished to with him, and for ever! It is of Charles Lamb only | table, kind presents from admiring and unknown done with the thing," as he said, gave it him before

on roast pig (may were the porklings that graced his leave a friend a small sum of money; but “to have -Elia-that we wish to speak.

No man was ever more sincerely regretted, or will correspondents); or take thee with him in the old hand! If an acquaintance dropped in of an evening be longer reinembered by his friends. Happily we see Margate Hoy to the sea-side, or introduce thea to his before supper, he would instantly, without saying å the brighter after our sorrows; and the object of our friend Captain Jackson ; or discourse to thee of word, put on his hat, and go and order an extra sup. grief, in a short time, becomes a star that we can gaze

himself-the Convalescent and the Superannuated ply of porter. He has done this for us a hundred at with pleasure. The transformation we dread puri. Man; or on old China, or on old books on the lat. times! Relics and keepsakes had no charm for him! fies the spirit; and our kindred, or the companions of

ter with what relish ! or of Barbara S. (Miss Kelly), A traveller once brought him some acorns from an our choice, though lost to us for ever, appear bright as

or of Alice (his first love), or of Bridget Elia (his ilex that grew over the tomb of Virgil. He threw in a vision. To the imagination they are never lost. sister), or tell thee the sweet story of Rosamund them at the hackney coachmen as they passed by his

window! And there is a story, that he once sat to We regret their absence, but we also contemplate them Gray. Let these, reader, if thou art a lover of thy in a bappier sphere. If they were authors, with what kind and of the beautiful, have a by-place in thy an artist of his acquaintance for a whole series of the pleasure we recur to their works ! It is there that we mind; they will not only please thy imagination, but British admirals, but for what publication we never

heard ! again see them in their eartkly shapes, and listen to enlarge thy heart, its sphere of action, and its hu. their accustomed accents with delight; that we par.

mane capabilities. They will lead thee to new sources Another sentence, and we have done. Of all the ticipate in all their feelings, and enjoy the scenes and

of delight, springs fresh as the waters of Horeb; and men we ever knew-and we now number thirty sum. places they have sanctified and made familiar by their thou wilt become acquainted with men famous in their mers-Charles Lamb was in every respect the most genius. Without this inclination from sorrow, our generation. Occasionally, if thou are a reader of original, and had the kindest heart. E. M. lives would be but a perpetual weeping; without this modern books only, thou mayest imagine him quaint,

January 27, 1835. sunshine after the storm of death, the heart, even of but thou wilt find him free from conceits, and always the most buoyant, would sink under the weight of its natural. Others may have affected the language of afflictions. The grave would be ever wet with tears ;

an older age, but with him it was no adoption. MR FERGUSSONS CANADIAN SETTLEMENT. nor would the lark sing, or the daisy grow, over those He always spoke as he wrote, and did both as he

We are glad to learn, from a lately published number whom we have consigned to the lap of earth. Fair, felt; and his letters.--they were unpremeditated-are of the Quarterly Journal of Agriculture, that Mr fair shall be the flowers that spring over thy tomb, in the style of his other writings; they are in many dear, gentle Elia! sweet shall be the song-sweet as respects equal, in some superior, to his Essays ; fur

Fergusson of Woodhill, who several years ago gave thine own—that shall lure the wanderer to the spot the bloom, the freshness of the author's mind, is still the world some excellent papers on emigration to where thy urn receives the tears of the stranger. upon them. In bis humour there is much to touch | America, and afterwards proceeded with his family to Thither my feet shall repair in spring time and in the heart and to reflect upon; it is of a serious cast, Upper Canada, bas found an advantageous settlement harvest; thither will I lead thy votaries, and there somewhat like that of Cervantes. In the jokes which

in that promising country, and has the best prospects shall they drink of the lucid waters that well from the he would throw out, the offspring of the moment,

of success. memory of thy gentle life, thou kindliest of human there was often more philosophy than in the premedi.

His communication to the editor of the creatures!

tated sayings of other men. He was an admirable above journal is described as being "most gratifying Perchance, reader, it was not thy good fortune to critic, and was always willing to exercise the art he and satisfactory.” know our inimitable friend. Thou hast not been with $0 much excelled in for the fame of others. We have him in his walks; and to walk with him was to con. seen him almost blind with poring over the endless

Mr Fergusson, whose principal object is to locate verse with the immortal dead : with Chaucer and with and illegible manuscripts that were submitted to him. some of the junior branches of his family, has settled Sidney–with Spenser and with Shakspeare—with On these occasions, how he would long to find out himself in the township of Nichol, district of Gore, Burton and with Sir Thomas Brown-ivith Fuller something good, something that he could speak kindly in a salubrious situation. The Onse or Grand River, and with Jeremy Taylor-and with Milton, and those of; for to give another pain (as he writes in a letter

with fine mill-falls of fifteen feet, fronts and partially elder dramatists, who were to him a first love, and, now before us) was to give himself greater ! He

The soil and as such, cherished through life. Thou hast not been lived in the past, yet no man ever had a larger share intersects the block of 8000 acres.

timber both good. Distance from Burlington Bay his guest ? nor sat among his books-goodly folios in of sympathy for those around him. He loved his quaint bindings—in rooms scantily furnished, but friends, and showed it substantially by numberless on Lake Ontario about forty-five miles. A village rich in the gifts of genius ; walls hung round with tokens, and was as sincerely loved in return. He has been commenced in a delightful situation upon Raphaels and Da Vincis, with Poussins and Titians, had, like other men, his failings; but they were such, the Grand River, where the foundation-stone of a and the works of the incomparable Hogarth? Thou that he was loved rather for them than in spite of church and schoolhouse were laid by Mr Ferguswert not a visitor in the temple, nor an evening lis. them. Enemies he had none. For upwards of forty tener to choice-hardly choice where all were good years he devoted his life to the happiness of his sister, son and his friends last St Andrew's day. It is -passages from Milton, over the finest of which the for whom he had a most affectionate regard, and for Mr Fergusson's resolution, we are cold, to sell no worshipping spirit of the reader always wept; but whose comfort he would gladly have laid down his land to settlers of doubtful or indifferent character, his tears were those of admiration, drops that blotted life ; and ske, not less devoted, for him would have for any temptation or price. With this limiting qualiout, as it were, ages of neglect! On his old favour. sacrificed her own. ites his eyes rested even in death! Sacred to the words-even her occasional wanderings, to the sense fication, in one short season, and under all the disad. owner will be the volume he last bent over, with its and sanity of the world.

vantages of a commencement, above 3000 acres have page folded down—80 ever let it remain-on thy life, Their minds were congenial, so were their lives, been sold to einigrants of the very first class, combin. all-accomplished Sidney! From thyself, if aught and they beautifully walked together—theirs was a

“ Already (since earthly in heaven be permitted, perchance he may blended existence-to the hour of his dissolution. His ing industry, capital, and skill. learn thy story, and there walk side by side with those charities, for his humble means, surpassed those of January 1834) above seventy souls are denizens, with whom in idea he lived with while on earth. Nor hast

He had for some years upon his bounty many casual visitors, and all the initiatory processes thou seen him a Solitary, wandering among the clois. three pensioners!. Generous and noble must have of chopping, logging, huusebuilding, &c. are going ters of Christ's Hospital-nor in the Quadrangles at been the heart of him that, out of his slender income, briskly forward. Neither have amusements been over. Oxford, nor at Twickenham, where he often spent could allow his old schoolmistress thirty pounds per looked. Arrangements have been made to form a li. his holidays-red-letter days as he called them-Nor annum! What self denial! What folios this sum at Hampton Court, which he preferred—so truly Eng. would have purebased for him! Well we remeinber brary for the winter evenings. Curling-stones are in lish was his mind_to Versailles ; nor in the India the veneration with which we used to look upon the preparation. It is altogether an interesting scene. House, where he was loved for his goodness of heart, old lady-for she remembered Goldsmith Į He had | To those among us (says the editor) who are looking

most men.

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to the weste rn world, we would say, visit Fergus, and that a quantity of tar-barrels was purchased at No. In fancy cradled, like some northern light
ponder well the advantages of a healthy district, and 2, High Street, Shadwell, about ten o'clock on the Which westward gilds an oriental night,
a respectable social circle, ere you finally decide upon six A. M. for removing the combustibles to Westminster.
morning of the fire. There was abundant time before

Tearing with ruthless hand that sacred root a home.” With this sentiment we cordially agree, for The purchaser was a short, squat, down-looking man,

Of man's first disobedience, and the fruit,

So waked our bard that histrionic lore there is every reason for believing that Mr Fergusson, and the name on his cart was I. Burns.'

Which Siddons suckled, but which Garrick bore. with his acknowledged sagacity and integrity, can * Trilling circumstances,' says the Centinel, 'some. neither have pitched upon an improper location, nor times point to great results. Our own opinion is

“Lo! the poor Indian, whose untutor'd mind,

Through freedom's mist beholds what's left behind; would be guilty of entrapping settlers, by holding out formed. We have made it our business to examine the Guys in preparation for the impending anniver.

Whose ebon limbs those yory bonds entwine delusive accounts or expectations.

sary of the Gunpowder Plot, and we affirm that every The heavy shapen equinoctial line,
one of the effigies bore a striking resemblance to some Mutely exclaims, and supplicating bends,

member or other of assemblies we need not name.
A Page of Comicalities.

. The lovely young Lavinia once had friends! These are signs of the times.'

“ So let our author, whose enamell'd hopes We bave had several good hearty laughs at the hu.

We should be loth,' says the Detector, 'to impute morous sketches of that singular writer, Thomas the late calamity to any particular party: but we may

Exfoliate to night such classic tropes,

Through this, his tragedy, those laurels share Hood, Esquire, in his Comic ANNUAL for the year reasonably inquire what relative stake in the country

Which Drake and Wicliffe both were proud to wear, 1835, which has just made its appearance. A good is possessed by the Whigs and the Tories. The Eng.

And take the chaplet loud from British hands deal of the book, we perceive, is occupied with quiz. lish language may be taken as a fair standard. The

As Cato died, and Trajan's column stands." zical accounts of the “great conflagration”-that is, bob-rig'; in short, the whole family of perruques, first may lay claim to peri-wig, scratch-rig, tye-wig,

The writers of tales usually work up their love-plots the burning of the houses of Parliament, which, like with whigmaleery: the latter, to oratory, history, terevery other exciting calamity, no matter what, has ritory, and victory. Can a man of common patriotism with catastrophes, such as the hero just saving in the been an object of caricature to the dealers in fun have a doubt which side it is his interest to adhere to ?' nick of time the heroine from a band of robbers

That last paragraph, Davis, is what I call sound ar

from being drowned in floods-from being killed by throngbout the metropolis. Popular ferment is well

falls from horses from being burned to death in the hit off in the following letter of a member of Parlia. gument. Indeed, I don't see how it is to be answered.

You see they are all nem. con. as to our danger, and conflagration of houses, and so forth. But our friend ment to the keeper of his country residence :

decidedly reckon fire an inflammatory agent. Take Hood beats all such story-tellers hollow. He brings " To Mr Roger Davis, bailiff, the Shrubbery, near Shrewsbury. care wbat you read. Very pernicious doctrines are

his hero and heroine together through the agency of Davis I hope to God this will find you at home abroad, and especially across the Western Channel. I am writing in a state of mind bordering on mad. The Irish are really frightful. I'm told they tie the

a bottle of ginger.beer, or, in vulgar language, pop. I can't collect myself to give particulars--you cows' tails together, and then saw off their horns for The story be very appropriately calls will have a newspaper along with this read that, insurrectionary bugles. The foundations of society

POPPING THE QUESTION. and your hair will stand on end. Incendiarism has are shaken all over the world the Whiteboys in Ire.

“My friend Walker is a great storyteller. Hereminds reached its beiglit like the flaming thing on the top of land, and the Blacks in the West Indies, all seem to the Monument. Our crisis is come. To my mind fight under the same colours. It's time for honest without being particularly requested by the company,

me of the professional tale-bearers in the East, who, -political suicide is as bad as felo de se. Oh, what men to rally round themselves; but I'm sorry to say begin reciting the adventures of Sinbad, or the life, have we been brought to! A the Britannic Guardian public spirit and love of one's country are at a low

No well says-England is gone to Italy-London is at ebb. There's too much Americanism. One writer death, and resurrection of Little Hunchback.

sooner does conversation flag for a few minutes, than Naples—and we are all standing on the top of Vesu. wants us to turn all our English wheat to Indian corn,

W. strikes up, with some such prelude as, I told vius. I have heard, and I believe it—that an atte:npt and to grow no sort of apples but Franklin pippins. you about the flying fish affair before ; but as you has been made to choke Aldgate Pump. A Walthamn We want strong measures against associations and

wish me to refresh your memory, you shall have it Abbey paper says positively that the mills were re- unions. There's demagogues abroad and they wear

again.” He then deliberately fills his glass, and fur. cently robbed of five hundred and thirteen barrels of white hats. By the bye, I more than half suspect that wishes himself with a cork, a bit of orange peel, or an powder, the exact number of the members for Eng- fellow Johnson is a delegate. Take him to the ale, apple-paring, to be shredded and sub-shredded during land and Wales. What a diabolical refinement—to house, and treat him freely--it may warm him to blab

the course of narration. Many Scotchmen, by the blow up a government with its own powder! I can something. Besides, you will see what sort of papers way, and most Canadians, are given to the same mahardly persuade myself I am in England. God the public houses take in. You may drop a hint about nual propensity. A lady located towards the back knox's where it will spread 10-I mean the incendiary their licenses. Give my compliments to Do Garratt, settlements informed me, that at a party she gave, the spirit. The dry season is frightful-I suppose the and tell him I hope he will preach to the times, and mantelshelf, chairs, and tables, every wooden article springs are all dry. Keep the engine locked in the take strong texts. I wish I could be down amongst of furniture, was nicked and notched by the knives of stable, for fear of a cut at the pipes. I'll send you you, but I cannot desert my post. You may tell the her guests, like the tallies of our Exchequer. It is down two more. Let all the labourers take a turn tenantry, and electors—I'm burnt out and gutted

most probably an Indian peculiarity, and derived by at them, by way of practice. I'm persuaded the Par- but my heart's in the right place and devoted to

intercourse or intermixture with the Chipaways. But liament Houses were burnt on purpose. The flue constituents. Come what I will be an unshaken

to return to W. The other day, after dinner, with a story is ridiculous. Mr Cooper's is a great deal more pillar on the basis of my circular letter, Don't forget select few of my friends, there occurred one of those to the point. I believe every thing I hear. A bunch any of my precautions. I am sorry I did not bring sudden silences, those verbal armistices, or suspensions of matches was found in the Speaker's kitchen. I saw all the plate up to town—but at the first alarm bury of words, which frequently provoke an irresistible alsomething suspicious myself—some said treacle, but I it. Take in no letters or notices ; for what you know lusion to a Quakers' meeting. Of this pause W. of say tar. Have your eyes about you—luck all the gates, they may be threatenings. If any Irishman applies course availed himself. day as well as night-and above all, watch the stacks. for work, discharge him instantly. All the old spring

“ You were going, sir," addressing the gentleman One Tiger is not enough-get three or four more, 1 guns had better be set again; they are not now legal, opposite, “to ask me about the Pop business, but I should have said Cæsar, but you know I mean the but I am ministerial, and if they did go off, the higher ought first to tell you how I came to be carrying house dog. Good mastiffs the biggest and savagest powers would perhaps wink at them. But it's fire

ginger-beer in my pocket.” you can get. The gentry will be attempted first that I'm afraid of, tire that destroyed my political

The gentleman thus appealed to, a straightforward beginning with the M.P's. You and Barnes and Sam roof, and may now assail my paternal one. Walk, as

old drysalter, who had never seen W. in his life bemust sit up by turns--and let the maids sit up too- I may say, bucket in band, and be ready every moment fore, naturally stared at such a bold anticipation of his women have sharp ears, and sharp tongues. If a for a break out. You may set tire to the small faggot. thoughts ; but before he could find words to reply, W. mouse stirs, I would have them squall-danger or no stack, and try your hands at getting it under—there's had helped himself to a dozen almonds, which he be. danger. It's the only way to sleep in security-and nothing worse than being taken by surprise. Read

gan mincing, while he set otf at a steady pace in his comfort. I have read that the coinnion goose is a this leiter frequently, and impress these charges on

story: vigilant creature-and saved Rome. Get a score of your mind. It is a sad change for England to have

“ The way I came to have ginger-beer in my pocket, them—at the next market_don't stand about price become, I may say, this fiery furnace. I have not

was this. I don't know whether you are acquainted but choose them with good cackles. Alarm them now the least doubt, if properly traced, the burning cliff at

with Hopkins, sir, of the Queen's Arms in the Poul. and then to keep them watchful. Fire the blunder: Weymouth would be found to be connected with In: try?” The drysalter shook his head. “ It's the house buss off every night, and both fowling-pieces, and all cendiarism, and the Earthquakes at Chichester with i frequent, and a very civil obliging sort of fellow he is the pistols. If all the gentry did as much, it might our political convulsions. Thank Providence in your that is to say, was, two summers ago. The season keep the country quiet. If you were to ring the prayers, Davis, that your own station forbids your alarm-bell once or twice in the middle of the night, it being an M.P., for a place in Parliament is little better don't keep ginger-pop-it's a refreshing beverage at this

was very sultry, and says I, Hopkins, I wonder you would be as well—you would know then what help than sitting on a barrel of gunpowder. Honour for. you have to depend upon.

season, and particularly wholesome. Well, Hopkins Search the house often bids to resign, or I should wish I was nothing but a

was very thankful for the hint, for he likes to have from the garret to the cellar, for combustibles—if you simple country gentleman. Reinember, and be vigi- every thing that can be called for, and he was for send. could manage to go without candles, or any sort of lant. Once more I cry Watch, Watch, Watch! By ing off an order at once to the ginger-beer manufac. light, it would be better. adopting the motions I propose, a conflagration may be

but I persuaded him better. None of their wholeYou'd find your way about in the dark after a little adjourned sine die, which is a petition perpetually pre-sale trash, said I, but make your own.

I'll give you practice. Pray don't allow any sweethearts; they may sented by your anxious but uncompromising master, a recipe for it--the best ever bottled. But I couldn't be Swings and Captain Rocks in disguise, and their

JACOB JUBB, M.P.”

gain my point. Hopkins hummid and haw'd, and pretended flames turn ont real. I've misgivings about the maids. Tie them up, and taste their liver before

There are likewise some tolerably smart poetical thought nobody could make it but the makers. There

was no setting him right, so at last I determined to they eat it themselves--i mean the house-dogs ; but pieces, embellished with cuts in Hood's usual clever

put him to the proof. I'll tell you what, Hopkins, my agitation makes me unconnected. The scoundrels style. Of the rhyming ware, the following, by G. Ray said I, you don't like the trouble, or I'd soon convince often poison them before they attempt robbery and mond, Esq., is among the best specimens :

you that a man who isn't a maker can make it as well arson. Keep the cattle in the cowhouse for fear of

AN OCCASIONAL PROLOGUE.

as any one-perhaps better. You shall have a sample their being houghed and hamstrung. Surely there were great defects somewhere.

of milie-I've got a few bottles at my counting-house, The houses could

“ When Grecian splendour unadorned by art, Confirmed the Theban oracle, in part

and it's only a step. Of course, Hopkins was very not have been properly protected—if they had been

much obliged, and off I went. In confidence between watched as well as they were lighted—but it is too

When Genius walked digestive o'er the scene,

you and me, sir—though I never had the pleasure of late to cast blame on individuals. A paltry spirit of In meagre mystery of unlettered mien

seeing you before, I wanted to introduce ginger-beer economy has been our bane. A few shillings would When man first saw, with an inverted eye,

at the Queen's Army as a public benetit." have purchased a watch-dog; and one or two geese The tearful breath of purple panoply,

“I'm sure, sir, I'm very much obliged," stammered in each house might have saved the capitol of the 'Twas then the Muse, with adamantine grace, the drysalter, at a loss what to say. Ginger-beer, constitution! But the incendiary knew how to choose his time—an adjournment when there were none uit.

Replied prophetic from her Pythian base ;

l've no doubt, is very efficacious, and particularly af. ting. I say incendiary, because no doubt can exist

And Roscius bent his Macedonian knee

ter fruit or lobsters, for I observe you always see them

at the same shops." in any cool mind that enters into the conflagration.

Before the squadrons of Melpomene.

“ The best drink in the dog.days all to nothing,” I transcribe conclusive extracts from several papers, “But mighty Shakspeare, whose salacious fire

returned W., “but ought to be amazingly well corked the editors of which I know to be upright men, and Waved high his banner o'er the marble choir

and wired down, and I'll tell you why: it will get vapid, they all write on one side.

Spurned the base trammels of despotic Jove, and may be worse. Well, I'd got it in my coat pocket, We are confidently informed,' says the Beacon, And taught the stern Persepolis to love.

and was walking back, just by Bow Church, no more

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thinking of green silk pelisses than you are, sir, at this religious toleration to the prosperity of states ; the to the ground. Their principal food is insects, especially moment-upon my honour I wasn't--when something criminal impolicy of thwarting the kind arrangements green caterpillars, of which they clear the bushes and gave a pop and a splash, and I heard a female scream. of Providence by restraints upon commerce ; and the trees, butterflies, flies, and beetles, and the grubs of I was afraid to look round; and when I did, you might duty of legislators to study the laws of the moral world insects hid among moss or in the earth. At their de bave knocked me down with a straw. You know, Tom as the groundwork and standard of their own, appear, parture, towards the end of summer, they also eat (addressing me), I'm not made of brass—for the mi. to minds unsophisticated by inveterate prejudices, as elderberries and currants. They build their nests nute I felt more like melted lead-heavy and hot. approaching nearly to the class of axioms. Yet how in a grove or orchard, among a heap of branches, or Two full kettles seemed poured over me-one warm much ingenious and refined discussion has been em. in a thorn bush, or the trunk of a tree surrounded by within, and the other cold without. You never saw ployed, even in our own times, to combat the preju. briars. They are easily caught with limed twigs, or such an object! There she stood, winking and gasp. dices which every where continue to struggle against nooses and springe. When allowed to fly freely in ing, and all over froth and fuam, like a lady just them; and how remote does the period yet seem, when rooms, they do not sing so well as in cages, which emerged out of the sea-only they don't bathe in green there is any probability that these prejudices shall be should be of an ordinary size, and formed of osiers. silk pelisses and satin bonnets. You might have completely abandoned !"-Encyclopædia Britannica. The first good quality of a nightingale is undoubtedly knocked me down with a hair. What I did or said

its fine voice, and notes which I shall endeavour to at first I don't know; I only remember that I attempted

describe. The nightingale expresses his different to wipe her face with my handkerchief, but she pre

BIRDS-WILD AND IN CAGE.

emotions by suitable and particular tones. The most ferred her own. To make things worse, she passen. Does there live a human being who is not fond of unmeaning cry when he is alone appears to be a gers made a ring round us, as if we had been going to fight about it, and a good many of 'm set up a laugh. birds ? Cau any one behold these gentle denizens of simple whistle filt, but if the syllable err is added, it I would rather have been surrounded by banditti. I our woods and glades, hopping from spray to spray, of displeasure or fear is fitt repeated rapidly and loudly

is then the call of the male to the female. The sign don't tell a lie if I say I would gladly have been tossed and awakening the echoes of the groves with their before adding the terminating crr; whilst that of sa. out of the circle by a mad bull. How I longed to jump innocent song and cheersul chirp—their wood-notes tisfaction and pleasure, such, for example, as conjugal like a Harlequin into a twopenny-post-box, or to slip wild, and not be delighted ? Casting our recollections endearments, or, on the occasion of finding a delicate down a plug like an eеl !”

back a distance of thirty summers, we at this moment morsel, is a deep tack, which may be imitated by “Very distressing indeed," said the drysalter.

smacking the tongue. In anger, jealousy, rivalry, “I don't think," resumed W., “I felt as much hear the clear note of the blackbird as it darts from

or any extraordinary event, he utters hoarse disagreea when my poor mother died—I don't

, upon my soul ! bough to bough, the whistle of the mavis perched able sounds, somewhat like a jay or a cat. Lastly, She was expected for years, but the lady in green came near its nestling-place in the heart of a leafy beech or in the season of pairing, when the male and female like a thunderbolt ! When I saw the ginger, beer wel. oak, and the coo-cooing of the cushat—the cushie doo entice and pursue each other, from the top of a tree blood. I felt little short of a murderer., How I got hundred times walking to and fro, and lovingly geckof the bird-nesting schoolboy-as we have seen it a

to its base, and thence again to the top, a gentle sub.

dued warbling is all that is heard. her into Tweedie's shop, heaven knows! I suppose

Nature has granted these tones to both sexes; but I pulled her in, for I cannot remember one word of ing at its mate on one of the bare gnarled branches the male is particularly endowed with so very strike persuasion. However, I got her into Tweedie's, and of a lofty pine. Who is there, we would say, who ing a musical talent, that in this respect he surpasses had just sense enough to seat her in a chair, and to beg has experienced the pleasures derived in youth from all birds, and has acquired the name of the king of for a few dry cloths. To do the dear creature justice: wandering amidst rural scenery, and does not retain songsters,

The strength of his vocal organ is indeed lable making light of her calamity, went to my heart. grateful recollections, such as these, of the beautiful wonderful; and it has been found that the muscles You don't know my original old friend, Charles Ma. feathered tribes of creation? We pity the individual any other bird. But it is less the strength than the

of his larynx are much more powerful than those of thews, do you, sir?"

who declares he does not love birds. They are for compass, flexibility, prodigious variety, and harmony The drysalter signified dissent.

the most part so attractive to the eye, so harmless, 80 of his voice, which make it so admired by all lovers “ No matter

his theory is right all over it is as
true as gospel !” exclaimed W., with an asseverating innocent in their

habits
, so grateful for kindness-re. of the beautiful. Sometimes dwelling for minutes on

a strain composed of only two or three melancholy thump upon the table. “ There is an infernal, mali paying the gift of a few easily spared crumbs with a cious, aggravating, little demon, hovers up aloft about song, which is all they can give in return—that they tones, he begins in an under voice, and swelling it

gradually by the most superb crescendo to the highest us, wherever we go, ready to magnify any mischief, must be real churls who dislike them. and deepen every disaster. Sure I am he hovered Perhaps it is wrong to hazard the supposition that point of strength, he ends it by a dying cadence; or

it consists of a rapid succession of more brilliant about me! The cloths came_but as soon as I began any body really dislikes these sprightly creatures-

sounds, terminated, like many other strains of his to wipe briskly, bang again went 't'other bottle,' and except, by the way, the gardener, who has an eye to uncorked itselt' before it was called for. I shall never the safety of his peas and cherries—for in all quarters four different strains or couplets may be reckoned in

song, by some detached ascending notes. Twenty. forget the sound ! Pop, whiz, tiz, whish-ish-slish are to be found not only lovers of one or other of the the song of a fine nightingale, without including its

siosh-slush-guggle, guggle, guggle: I'd rather various kinds of these animals, but absolute enthusiaste delicate little variativus ; for among these, as among have been at the exploding of the Dartford powder-keen ornithologists—bird fanciers, as they are called, other musicians, there are some great performers and mills ! At the first report I turned hastily round, individuals who rejoice in nurturing and cultivating many middling ones. This song is so articulate, 80 but, by so doing, I only diverted the jet from the open those happy creatures as companions, giving, their speaking, that it may be very well written. The folcases on the counter, to the show.trays in the shop cages the most favoured place on the sunny sides of lowing is a trial which I have made on that of a night. window, filled with Tweedie's choicest cutlery; and their drawing-rooms and parlours. Many there are ingale in my neighbourhood, which passes for a very as I completed the pirouette, I favoured Tweedie bim. no doubt who would take pleasure in the society of capital singer :self with the tail of the spout !” birds-small song birds in particular-if they knew

Tioi, tiou, tioủ, tioú. “Very unpleasant indeed,” said the drysalter, with how to manage them, to make their lives a state of

Spe, tiou, squa. a hard wink, as if the fussy fluid had down in his ow pleasure instead of pain, or, as it may be, to render

Tiô, tió, tiô, tió, tio, tio, tio, tir. face.

their existence in captivity a blessing instead of the Coutio, coutio, coutio, coutio. “Unpleasant !” ejaculated W., “it was unendur. reverse. To those who are actuated by such feelings, Squó, squó, squó, squó. able! I could have cut my throat with one of the wet and to all bird fanciers in general, we are glad to be Tzu, tzu, tzu, tzu, tzu, tzu, tzu, tzu, tzu, tzi. razors—I could have stabbed myself with a pair of the able to recommend a book to their notice, which will Corror, tiou, squa pipiqui. splashed scissors! The mess was frightful_bright tell them a thousand particulars, give them a world of Zozozozozozozozozozozozo, zirrhading! steel buckles, buttons, clasps, rings, all cut and po. useful information, on the very matters with which they Tsissisi, tsissisisisisisisis. lished I saw Tweedie himself shake his head as he would like to be acquainted. The work forms a very Dzorre, dzorre, dzorre, dzorre, hi. looked at the chains and some of the delicate articles. pretty duodecimo volume, has recently been published,

Tzatu, tzatu, tzatu, tzatu, tzatu, tzatu, tzalu, dzi, It wasn't a time to stand upon words, and I believe I and is entitled “Cage Birds.” In this production,

Dlo, dlo, dlo, dlo, dlo, dlo, dlo, dlo, dlo.

Quio tr rrrrrrrr its. cursed and swore like a trooper. I know I stamped which will even furnish amusement to those who do about, for I went on the lady's foot, and that made me not take the trouble to keep birds, we have let us see

Lu, Cu, la, la, ly, ly, ly, ly, liê, lie, liê, Lie.

Quio, didl li lulylie. worse than ever. Tweedie says I raved ; and I do re--all about owls, parrots, and other beaky faced birds,

Hagurr, gurr quipio ! member I cursed myself for talking of ginger-beer, as native and foreign ; then comes the nuthatch, the

Coui, coui, coui, coui, qui, qui, qui, qui, gai, gui, gui, gri. well as Hopkins for not keeping it in his house. At chaffinch, the goldfinch, and all other kinds of finches,

Goll goll goll goll guia hadadoi. last I got so rampant, that even the lady began to con. it is impossible to say how many; next we have lin. Couigui, horr, ha diadia dill si! sole me; and as she had a particularly sweet voice and nets, canaries, starlings, larks, thrushes, black birds, Hezezezezezezezezezezezezezezezeze couar ho doe hoi, manner, and Tweedie, too, trying to make things com- nightingales, wrens, tomtits, siskins, and fifty more Quia, quia, quia, quia, quia, quia, quia, quia, ti. fortable, I began to bear reason : but if ever I carry kinds of warblers ; besides all about how each and Ki, ki, ki, io, io, io, ioioioio ki. ginger-beer again in my pocket, along Cheapside"- every one of them should be fed, and lodged, and so Lu ly li le lai la leu lo, didl žo quia. "Till you're a widower,” said I.

It should be mentioned that the book was ori. Kigaigaigaigaigaigaigai guiagaigaigai couior dzio dxiopi. “ I was coming to that, sir,” continued W., still ad-ginally written by a German, named Bechstein, but If we could understand the sense of these words, dressing the drysalter." I insisted on putting the is now translated into English, and apparently im. we should doubtless discover the expression of the lady into a coach, and by that means obtained her ad- proved and adapted for use in the British islands. sensations of this delightful songster. "It is true that dress, and as common politeness dictated, I afterwards Gentle reader, if you can spare money, buy a copy of the nightingales of all countries, the south as well as called and was well received. A new green silk dress “ CAGE BIRDs,” and lay it on the parlour table, where the north, appear to sing in the same manner; there was graciously accepted, and a white one afterwards your children may see it, and thence perhaps acquire is, however, as has been already observed, so great a met with the same kind indulgence, when the lady a love of that most interesting of all departments of difference in the degree of perfection, that we cannot condescended to be Mrs Walker. Our fortunes, sir, natural history-ornithology.

help acknowledging that one has a great superiority in this world, hinge frequently on trifles. Through One of the most agreeable chapters of the work is over another. On points of beauty, however, where an explosion of pop I thus popped into a partner with on the nightingale--the melodious Philomel of the the senses are the judges, each has his peculiar taste. a pretty fortune ; but for all that, I would not have groves—a bird upon which there is seemingly not If one nightingale has the talent of dwelling agreeably any man, like the Persian in Hajji Baba, mistake a much accurately known. We take the liberty of con. on his notes, another utters his with peculiar bril. mere accident for the custom of the country. For densing the account of this delightful warbler. “The liancy, a third lengthens out his strain in a particular Calebs in Search of a Wife to walk up and down nightingale, whose plumage is very ordinary, is manner, and a fourth excels in the silveriness of his Cheapside with a bottle of ginger-beer in his pocket, scarcely five inches long, two and a half of which be. voice. All four may excel in their style, and each would be Quixotic in the extreme."

long to the tail. But in confinement, when it is well will find his admirer; and, truly, it is very difficult fed, and especially when it has been bred from the to decide which merits the palm of victory. There nest, it is commonly larger, reaching sometimes the are, however, individuals so very superior as to unite

size of a lark. When wild, nightingales are found all the beauties of power and melody; these are gene. Dugald Stewart, in describing Fenelon's Telema- throughout Europe, as far as the north of England, rally birds of the first breed, which, having been chus as the best manual extant for impressing on the and the middle of Sweden ; in all Asia, as far as the hatched with the necessary powers, in a district well minds of youth the leading truths both of practical temperate regions of Siberia ; and in Africa, on the peopled with nightingales, appropriate what is most morals and of political economy, says very beautifully, banks of the Nile. They every where choose for striking in the song of each, whence results this per. “Nor ought it to be concluded, because these truths their residence places which are shady, cool, but not fect compound, so worthy of our admiration. As the appear to lie so near the surface, and command so cold, such as woods, thickets, and even mere hedges return of the males in spring always precedes that of immediately the cordial assent of the understanding, in the fields. Groves, thick brambles, tufted bushes the females by seven or eight days, they are constantly that they are therefore obvious or trite; for the case near fields and meadows, are their favourite abodes. heard to sing before and after midnight, in order to is the same with all the truths most essential to hu- They also like gardens planted with untrimmed elm- attract their companions on their journey during the man happiness. The importance of agriculture and of hedges, which are consequently thick and bushy down fine nights. If their wishes are accomplished, they

on.

SIMPLICITY OF GREAT AND USEFUL IDEAS.

1

then keep silence during the night, and salute the which otherwise would be mere matter of conjecture. covered that the man coughed a little in the morning,
dawn with their first accents, which are continued | It is scarcely more than half a century since Aven. but not so much as to attract even his own attention;
through the day. Some persist in their first season in brugger suggested the probability of ascertaining the upon dissection, some months afterwards, our diag-
singing before and after midnight, whence they have state of the organs within the thorax, more perfectly, nosis was fully verified.
obtained the name of nocturnal nightingales; but by percussing the chest with the points of the fingers. Dr Henry of Manchester, and others, will not for.
they cannot be distinguished till after some time, when M. Corvisare translated Avenbrugger's Treatise into get the case I had occasion once to examine with
they are established in tbeir district, and have the so- French, and subsequently brought the practice of per. him, in which we discovered empyema (a collection

It must ciety of their females. After repeated experiments cussion into general use and great repute.

of puriform matter) in the left side of the thorax,

which had been treated for disease of the heart, befor many successive years, I think I am authorised in be confessed, however, that percussion is a much less affirming that the nocturnal and diurnal nightingales satisfactory practice than auscultation, either with or cause the pulsations were felt to the right of the form distinct varieties, which propagate regularly : without the stethoscope, which instrument is the in. sternum, instead of the left. By auscultation and for if a young bird is taken from the nest of a night vention of Laennec.

percussion, we were enabled to state most contidently singer, he in his turn will sing at the same hours as A great deal of opposition has been made, and many that there was extensive effusion, which pushed the his father, not the first year, but certainly in the fol. frivolous objections have been urged against the em. heart to the other side of the chest. The patient did lowing; while, on the other hand, the young of a day ployment of auscultation, principally by three classes not survive above a fortnight afterwards, and the nightingale will never sing in the night, even when it of practitioners. 1st, Those who are too well em- correctness of our opinion was fully proved, by the is surrounded by nocturnal nightingales.

ployed, and who have not tirne to learn any thing existence of an immense effusion in the left side of

new. 2dly, Those who are dull of hearing, or devoid the thorax, amounting, I believe, to twenty or twenty. It is a pity that the time for this delightful bird's

of the power of discriminating between sounds which six pounds of fluid, with large masses of lymph. song should be so short, that is to say, when wild. It endures hardly three months; and during this short have some resemblance to each other. 3dly, Those Liver complaints are often confounded with disease interval it is not maintained with equal power. At who are too indolent or too old.

of the lungs, in which it is of the greatest conseits first arrival it is the most beautiful, continued, and

With respect to the first class, I need not say much, quence to the patient, that the physician should be

as no observations of mine will improve such medical able to form a proper diagnosis, which he cannot do impassioned; when the young are hatched, it becomes

men, by inducing them to pay more regard to the in many cases without the assistance of auscultation more rare ; the attentions which they require occu.

and percussion. I have seen many remarkable cases pying considerable time. If from time to time the science than to the trade of the profession. But as to

the second class, I have only to observe, that it is too of chronic intlammation, and I be ieve extensive ul. nightingale's song is heard, it is evident that the fire which animated it is much weakened. After mid-bad for men who are deaf, to decry the employment of ceration in the windpipe, which the ordinary symp

a means which is found to be so advantageous in prac. toms announced to be the most hopeless cases of summer all is ended, nothing is heard but the warb. ling of the young, which seem to study their father's tice; and the only method by which they can be si consumption ; there was cough, expectoration tinged song, and try to imitate it. The nightingale sings lenced, is for others to state their defect-a task with blood, emaciation, debility, rapid pulse, with much longer in confinement: birds which are caught which, though ungracious, I shall not shrink from bad feverish nights, attended by profuse perspiration. full grown sometimes sing from November to Easter; performing in respect to those whose statements are By the sound of the respiration, and the resonance those which are bred from the nest sing much longer, likely to influence the too numerous herd of imita of the voice, I was enabled to assure myself that the

tors' in the profession. In this class there are some lungs were as yet sound, and they were all cured by sometimes as long as seven months; but in order that they may sing well, they must be put under the in. who can hear perfectly well, but who, from the want means which I afterwards adopted. Every year I struction of an old nightingale which is a good singer, of what is called a musical ear, are incapable of dis. see several cases of chronic bronchitis, which bave otherwise they will be only stammerers, mutilating criminating sounds, in the same inanner as some are been mistaken for consumption, many of which were

unable to detect the difference between a hard and a their natural song, and inserting in a confused man.

cured or relieved by the appropriate remedies, which ner tones and passages which they have caught from soft pulse, or a full and a sharp pulse; or as others, must bave terminated fatally if managed as cases of other birds. If, however, they have a good instructor, who, from a defect in the organs of vision, cannot see

phthisis. In the treatment of inflammation of the and a good memory, they imitate perfectly, and often any thing twenty yards distant. Such individuals, substance of the lungs, it is of the utmost conse add to their instructor's song some beauties of their then, will never be capable of availing themselves of quence to be able to tell whether the disease be exten

this additional means of investigating diseases of the sive or not; whether it be in the first stage, that of own, as is usual among young birds. Independent of these talents, the nightingale pose the profession, who are perhaps too happy to avail that of solidification ; whether the disease is advanc

chest ; but they have no right to prejudice others in active sanguineous engorgement; or in the second, sesses a quality very likely to augment ihe number of themselves of any excuse which is likely to save trou. his friends ; he is capable, after some time, of forming ble. In the third class of objectors, I have placed the than auscultation and percussion.

ing or declining, which can be done by no other means attachments.

When once he has made acquaintance indolent and the aged. With respect to the first of with the person who takes care of him, he distin. these, I have to remark, that the public have not so

It has already been attempted to be shown of how guishes bis step before seeing him; be welcomes him much to complain of the ignorance of medical men, as

much advantage it is to sound the chest in cases of

fever. by a cry of joy; and, during the inoulting season, he their indolence and want of zeal ; and it is as difficult is seen making vain efforts to sing, and supplying, by for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle, as to

Much injury, it is to be apprehended, will result the gaiety of his movements, and the expression of make an indolent physician active and zealous ; there.

for some years to come, from individuals pretending his looks, the demonstrations of joy which his throat fore it is not to be wondered at, that they should ad opinions

as to the nature and seat of diseases, who are

to use this instrument, and pronouncing confident refuses to utter. When he loses his benefactor, he sometimes pines to death ; if he survives, it is long many of the aged opponents, they act no doubt upon ration, and who, as I have often seen, do not really

vocate the advantages of remaining ignorant. As for unacquainted even with the natural sounds of respi. before he is accustomed to another. His attachments the principle which is observed in old dogs, of not know how to hold the stethoscope. Few individuals are long, because they are not hasty, as is the case

learning new tricks. with all wild and timid dispositions."

can acquire the power of using the instrument advan. Some individuals have stated objections against the tageously from books, without the personal assistance use of the stethoscope ; they say it requires a life of some one already instructed ; and I have known

time to arrive at any thing like perfection. I have several gentlemen give up the task as hopeless, beTHE STETHOSCOPIC ART.

already shown that it requires great patience and good cause they could hear nothing at all, but who resumed Within these few years a very extraordinary im.

ears to learn it at all, and that those who possess it, upon being properly assisted and instructed. provement has been effected in a department of the neither the one por the other will never be able to On the other hand, candour compels me to men. praciice of medicine, by the invention and introduc. use it advantageously. But if the difficulties of any tion that much mischief has been done by some able tion into use of the stethoscope-an instrument dif.

task were allowed as an argument against making at stethoscopists pretending to do too much ; according fering very little in its construction from a boy's would become of all the sciences ? tempts to overcome them, it may be asked, what to them, auscultation is infallible; but that this is not

to be expected from any human invention applied for ruler, by which, when applied to the chest, the practi. I shall now turn to a more agreeable part of the the purpose of investigating or curing diseases, I need tioner is enabled to judge, from the sound it carries to subject, by shortly stating a few cases, showing the not waste time to prove. That it is a great assist. his ear, whether the action of the lungs and heart be advantages derived in actual practice from ausculta ance, as an additional means of diagnosis in diseases

tion. A few years ago, I was requested to see a pa. Some practitioners, with a bealthy or otherwise.

of the chest, no man possessed of the spirit of truth, keen perception of sound, can discover the character men and by way of giving me every necessary infor. tient who had been under the care of several medical who has fairly given it a trial, or who has followed

the practice of those who can avail themselves of aus. of the action of these organs simply by applying the mation, his friends put me in possession of all the culcation, will deny. I maintain, without the fear of ear to the outside of the chest; but this cannot in ge. recipes which had been recommended ; they would contradiction, that perhaps one of the greatest advan. neral be done so well or so delicately as by the use of have made a moderately sized quarto volume. At tages to be derived from auscultation, is that which

one time it was supposed that he had stomach com. the instrument. By observations thus made, me.

enables us to obtain negative proof, in cases where we plaint, and all known tonics were prescribed ; at an. have failed in discovering positively the seat of the dical men are now enabled to form a correct diag

Other it was supposed to be scrofula, for which he disease. For example, if a medical man be called to a nosis-that is, to draw true deductions from symptoms took large quantities of the muriate of lime; at last case which has either been pronounced to be consump-regarding diseases of the heart and lungs, which he was suspected to bave diseased liver, and be got live, or in which a doubtful opinion has been given, they could never do by the old modes of practice ; in large quantities of mercury, and was several times it is truly

delightful for all parties, if he be able to give completely salivated. Upon applying the stethoscope, fact, by this practice of auscultation, as it is called, an

a positive assurance that the lungs are not affected, I discovered a cavern in the superior lobe of the right | although he may not be able to tell exactly the seat of intelligent and acute physician knows almost as well lung, and was doubtful whether another did not exist the disease. the state of the lungs, in supposed cases of consump- in the left. Next day I had the advantage of a con. Some medical men allege that they can discover tion, and of the heart, in supposed cases of disease of sultation with Dr Scott, whose superior knowledge of every condition of the lungs, quite well enough for that organ, as if there were a window in the breast diseases of the chest and stethoscopic tact, I am happy all practical purposes, by ordinary symptoms ; therethrough which he might look with his visual organs.

to have this public opportunity of acknowledging. Hefore I shall now take a view of these symptoms, for

was merely asked to see a patient with me, without the purpose of showing the fallacy of this statement. Valuable as this discovery must prove to mankind, knowing the result of my previous examination, which The following symptoms are supposed to denote in. it has, like all other great improvements in science, he confirmed, with this addition, that he had also no Aammation of the lungs, in the most satisfactory met with no small share of ridicule and opposition. doubt of the existence of a cavern in the left lung;

manner : cough, dyspnea, pain in the thorax, quick With the view of illustrating our observations on the markable case occurred to me some years ago, at a and it was afterwards proved to be correct.

and strong pulse, being softer, however, when the difficulties which improvements in the arts and sciences time when I was only beginning to make some pro-inflamed, than the pleura. When these symptoms

bronchial membrane and substance of the lungs are have frequently to contend with, as well as informing gress in the use of the stethoscope. A man presented exist, they are supposed to be peculiar to infiamma. our readers with respect to an exceedingly important himself, with many of the ordinary symptoms of in- tion of the lungs; that is to say, when they exist, subject, we shall here quote, in a condensed form, the digestion, and without a single sign indicative of dis- inflammation is present; and when they do not exist, account given by Dr Mackintosh of the stethoscopic ear, with a view of perfecting myself in the natural that not one of these symptoms, or all taken together,

the disease is absent. Experience enables me to state art, in his very valuable work, “. Principles of Patho sounds elicíted by respiration, and the tones of the indicate inflammation of the lungs in any of its texlogy, and Practice of Physie,” 3d edition, 1832. voice, when, to my astonishment, I thought I disco-tures, and that inflammation may exist without any

“The diseases of the chest (says this intelligent vered a small cavern in the superior lobe of one of the of them being well marked; hence it is, that phy. writer) were once the opprobrium of medicine; and lungs. At that time, Dr Wavel

, an excellent stetho- sicians who follow the ordinary method of investi. although we are still liable to be mistaken, yet, by quested to examine the man, without being made ac

scopist, was a pupil at my Dispensary. He was re- gating are so often astounded with the appearances

on dissection, which they did not anticipate from the Percussion and auscultation, we are enabled to judge quainted with my suspicions. Upon comparing notes, mildness of the symptoms. correctly of the nature and seat of some affections, he was of the same opinion. It was subsequently dis- All Cullen's definitions, in the sixth chapter, which

A re

AN OLD JOE.

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VALUE OF EARLY RISING.

treats of pneumonic intammation, are therefore er. half a dozen of them in taking up the mats in our regular, the people respectably dressed, and very few roneous, as well as the following paragraph (p. 335.) tents, and had great difficulty in killing them. Any beggars, though in this part of Brittany labou rers in *Pneumonic inflammation, however various in its part which chanced to be separated from the rest of the country sometimes work for fourpence a-day. seat, seems to me to be always known and distin. the body would continue to run about as if nothing and such a dinner as we had at the table d'hôte ol guished by the following symptoms : pyrexia (fever), had happened ; and were the reptile even divided in the Hôtel de Provence ! such exquisite cookery! Ve. difficult breathing, cough, and pain in some part of the twenty pieces, each part would travel about as if in getables so well done, that they were eaten by them. thorax.' It will be admitted that Cullen was at least search of the others, without any of them seeming to selves; whilst a grandmother of ninety winters, in a

8 wise, talented, and observant as any of his symp. be the worse. The only mode by which we could kill nicely crimped cap, went round kindly, and gave us tomatical brethren of the present day; yet be con. them at once was by crushing the head, which effectu- snuff out of a massive silver tabatière." The price of fesses that he could not ascertain the seat of the disease ally destroyed life in every other part instantaneously. provisions this summer is as follows :-Eggs, 3d. per by the ordinary symptoms; proving that he must have

dozen; eauliflowers, 1d. per head; artichokes, d. dito; been an indifferent practitioner, as the inflammatory An honest farmer was asked why he did not sub asparagus, d. per bundle; butter, 6!d. per lb. ; straw. affections of the lungs require a different treatment in scribe for a newspaper ? “ Because,” said he, “my berries, 1 franc per basket; meat, 31d. per 1b.; fish, each stage ; bro::chit's demands a different plan from father, when he died, left me a good many papers, and various prices, but very cheap; hares, in winter, with. pleuritis, and pneumonia from either of the others. I haven't read them through yet.”

out skin, 8d. ; partridges, a brace, 10d ; woodencks, I venture therefore to predict, that in a few years,

ditto; chickens, four for three francs. The British

STANZAS. practitioners, even those who now ridicule ausculta

consul, Mr Perrier, one of the most active, intelligent, tion, will be compelled, in self.defence, to have re.

The fountaines smoake, and yet no flames they shewe,

and obliging of men, purchased for our vessel, for

Starres shine all night, though undecerned by day, course to this additional means of diagnosis, or they The trees doe spring, yet are not seene to growe,

sixteen shillings, ten pounds of butter, four chickens, will lose their practice.”

And shadowes moove, although the; seere to stay i

twelve artichokes, six cauliflowers, twelve bundles of In winter's woe is buried suininer's blisse, And love loves most when love most secret is.

asparagus, three baskets of strawberries, and a sack

of peas a load for a man. The consul's delightful ODDS AND ENDS.

The stillest streames descrie the greatest deepe,
The clearest sky is subject to a shower,

residence, where we spent a day, one league from INGENIOUS MODE OF DESTROYING A BEAR. Conceit's most sweete when as it seemes to sleepe,

Brest, and in the midst of a garden overlooking the

And fairest dayes doc in the morning lower; During our halt (in the Hymalaya mountains) a The silent groves sweete nymphes they cannot misse,

sea, he rented for eight pounds 8-year. The market circumstance occurred which I confess I feel no little For love loves most where love most secret is.

was admirably regulated, and (what we require par. pleasure at having the opportunity of recording, as it The rarest jewels hidden virtue yeeld,

ticularly at Covent Garden) an officer in cocked hat is highly characteristic of the skill of the mountaineers The sweete of traffique is a secret gaine,

and cane walked continually about, to see that the

The yeare once olde doth shew a barren field, in baffling the ferocious propensities of those animals

lines of baskets were dressed, and that no leaves or

And plantes seeme dead, and yet they spring again. by which they are so perpetually threatened with mis. Cupid is blind-the reason why is this,

refuse were thrown about. Peasants with long and chief. I had entered a deep dell with my gun, accom.

Love loveth most when love most secret is.

sun-bleached hair floating about their shoulders, and --Jones's Garden of Delights," 1610. panied by two hill-men, in order to try if I could not

in canvass frocks with hoods, stood behind fruit and succeed in killing some jungle-fowl, which are here

vegetable baskets ; whilst women, diligently knitting, tolerably abundant, though so wild as to render it a The difference between rising every morning at six in white caps and red petticoats, sat beside their matter of no common difficulty to get near them. Af- and at eight, in the course of forty years, supposing a country produce. Alexander's Portugal. ter a long aud fatiguing walk, we ascended with some man to go to bed at the same time he otherwise would, toil a very sudden abruption of the mountain, when amounts to 29,000 hours, or 3 years, 121 days, and 16

CONVICTS IN NEW SOUTH WALES. upon gaining the summit, which overhung a precipice, a hours, which will afford eight hours a-day for exactly the best shepherds in the colony, as it suits their na

The London pick pockets are considered to make bear started from a recess in the neighbouring covert,

ten years ; so that it is the same as if ten years of life turally idle habits ; the industrious labourer cannot and advanced evidently with sinister intentions to- were added weighty consideration, in which we wards us. I was about to fire, though my gun was could command eight hours every day for the cultiu looking after sheep; the petty larcener son gets at

endure the very wearisome and lazy employment of only loaded with large shot, when one of my highland vation of our minds or the dispatch of business.

tached to his woolly charge, and the sheep, no doubt, guides motioned to me to desist, giving me to under.

FISHING FOR SWORD-FISH AT MESSINA.

by a natural instinct, to him; and thus the animals stand, by significant gesticulations (for I understood

A more attractive sport, however, is the fishing for are tended with some degree of care; but the regular his language but very indifferently) that he would at.

the pesce-spada, which begins about the middle of workman, detesting the occupation (unless incapaci tack the enemy uparmed ; and from the coolness and April, and continues to the middle of September. tated from a more active employment, by age or acci. dexterity with which he commenced operations, I con.

From the commencement of this fishery till the end dent), seldom takes any interest in the valuable pro. fess I could not persuade myself to doubt of a favour of June, it is carried on upon the shore of Cala. perty entrusted to his care; the former are therefore able result, in spite of the difficulties which seemed to

bria ; and from this latter period till the middle of to be preferred. The shepherds, when tending their defy its accomplishment. Almost upon the extreme September, on that of Sicily. The reason is, that, docks in the pasturage, while away their leisure time edge of the precipice stood a tall tree with strong vertical branches, apparently of the character though sake of food, or from some other unascertained cause from April till June, the sword-fish_either for the by manufacturing coarse but durable straw hats. It

is to be regretted that no distinction is made between not the form of the mountain-ash, being very tough entering by the Faro, keeps along the shore of those banished for trivial offences, and those who and elastic. The hill-man approached the bear, and Calabria without approaching that of Sicily; while, have committed deeper crimes. Many atrocious cha. by exciting it withdrew its attention from me towards from the end of June to the middle of September, it racters are assigned to persons of the highest respecte himself. The exasperated beast immediately made him

takes the opposite side. The sword-tish weighs ge. | ability, well clothed and fed ; and from them often the object of attack, when the man adroitly sprang on the tree, as nimlily followed by the bear. The former nerally from one to two hundred pounds. The for. have I witnessed most unbounded insolence : so that having reached the upper branches, he quickly slipped three to four feet in length, projecting from the end gations to the servant, and would be astonished when

a stranger would imagine the master to be under obli. a strong cord over the top of the limb upon which he of the upper jaw, and terminating in a point. The told that the servant was a convicted felon.-Bennet's stood, at the same time dropping the reverse end upon pesce spada is taken either with the palimadara, a the ground. This was instantly seized by his compa. kind of net with rery close meshes, or with the har.

Wanderings in New South Wales. nion, who, pulling with all his strength, drew the

poon.
In the latter case the fishermen make use

THE AMERICAN PRESIDENT'S DRAWING - ROOM.

In the middle of the saloon stood General Jackson, jected nearly in a horizontal line from the stem :

vessel about eighteen feet in length by seven or eight surrounded by Van Buren, the vice-president, Wash. the precipice, the edge of which it nearly overhung order to give the harpooner more room. there were no intervening, branches betwixt this and in width-the prow being wider than the stern, in ington Irving, and some of the secretaries of state.

The boat is The president is an elderly man, of midd'e size, with when in its natural position. As soon as the bough furnished with a mast, called gariere or fariere, about

an expressive countenance, and a sharp eye, indica. was warped to the necessary degree of tension, the eighteen feet in length, on the round top of which is tive of that firmness of character which he has evinced he could with safety, followed as cautiously by the placed one of the crew, whose business it is to descry upon so many

occasions, and particularly during the ihe fish and watch its motions. The mast, near the period of bis military career, the laurels of which, it bear; but, the moment he saw his angry, foe upon bottom, is crossed at right angles by a yard called la may be said, he chiefly gathered at New Orleans. the bent branch, be dexterously let himself down by croce, to the extremities of which the oars are attached

His hair is perfectly white, combed upwards from bis the cord to the ground. The bear, thus unexpectedly by means of loops, to enable the rowers to turn the forehead, which gives his face a long and narrow apdeprived of its victim, attempted to turn, in order to

boat with the greater ease and celerity. The har. pearance. His manners are extremely condescending retrace its steps; no sooner, however, had it relaxed its

and polite, without derogating from the rank which grasp of the bough for tbis purpose, than the hill-man poon, which is about twelve feet long, is made fast to

a rope something more than half an inch in diameter he holds as the first man in America. Republican suddenly cut the cord, which had been securely tied

and two hundred yards in length. While the fish custom obliges him to shake hands with his visitors; to the stamp of a tree, and the depressed branch in. stantly gained its original position with an irresistible coast along the Calabrian shore, two men are placed on General Jackson performs this part of the ceremony the rock or cliffs to give notice of their approach. A si.

without losing any of his dignity, without appearing momentum. The suddenness and vigour of the recoil shook the bear from its hold, elancing it, like the frag.

milar practice is adopted on the Sicilian side; but there, cold or distant. I observed his actions for a long

as the shore is less precipitous, two vessels are moored while, to see if he made any particular distinctions ment of a rock from a catapult, into the empty air ;

near it, at the distance of a stone's throw from each between those that presented themselves; but, to his uttering a stifled yell, it was hurled over the precipice, other, and on the masts of these the men are stationed. honour, as president of a republic, be it said, he con. and, falling with a dull crash upon the rocks beneath, Ou the approach of a fish, which is said to be indi.

tinued the same the whole evening, polite and affable no doubt soon became a prey to the vultures and jackals. cated by a change of colour in the water, the signal is to every one, and friendly to those whom he knew plished this dangerous exploit was as astonishing as it given by the men stationed at the mast-head, or on personally, particularly the fair sex.- The United

the clitfs, as the cas”, miay be, and the foremost luntre States and Canada. was novel.--Oriental Annuol. then bears down upon it in the direction pointed out,

JOHNSON'S OPINION OF ECONOMY. till the spy on the round top of the luntre itself has All to whom want is terrible, upon whatever prin. In a book called the Art of Invigorating Life, there also descried it. The vessel is then steered to one side ciple, ought to think themselves obliged to learn the are some wholesome truths, and among these the fol. or the other according to his direction, while the har. sage maxims of our parsimonious ancestors, and attain lowing “We deprecate the custom of sitting for pooner stands ready at the prow, anxiously watching the salutary arts of contracting expense; for without hours after dinner, and keeping the stomach in an an opportunity to burl his weapon, which he does with economy, none can be rich, and with it few can be poor. incessant state of irritation by sipping wine-nothing almost unerring aim ; taking care at the samne time to The mere power of saving what is already in our is more prejudicial to digestivn, nothing more fever- let the fish have rope enough to run. The men now hands, must be of easy acquisition to every mind; ing and enfeebling to the whole system. Immediately row with all their might, following the track of the and as the example of Lord Bacon may show that the after dinner, drink as much as is necessary to excite wounded fish, till at length, exhausted with the loss highest intellect cannot safely neglect it, a thousand that degree of action in the systein without which you of blood, he rises to the surface of the water, and is instances every day prove that the humblest may feel uncomfortable, and then stop.” It is recommended easily dragged into the boat. It must not be supposed, practise it with success.Rambler. that no man should habitually take wide as food till however, that this sport is altogether without danger; he is past thirty years of age. Many persons will for sometimes the pesce spada, when of large size, has LONDON: Published, with Permission of the Proprietors, by ORA find it more salutary to take a glass of sherry about been known to turn upon his pursuers, to pierce the

& SMITH, Paiernoster Row; G. BERGER, Holywell Street,

Strand; BANCES & Co., Manchester; WRIGHTSOY & WEBE, half an hour after dinner than to take it immediately side of the boat with his weapon, and even to upset it.

Birininghain ; WILuka & SMITH, Liverpool; W. E. SOMAR following the food. -Evans' Italy and Sicily.

SCALK, Leeds; C. N. WRIGHT, Nottingham: WESTLEY & Co.
Bristol; S. SIMMS, Bath; J. JOHNSON, Cambridge; W. GAIN,

Exeter; J. PIRDUN, Huil; G. RIDGE, Shellield; I. BELLKRBY, The grass land at Cyrene (says Captaio Beechey) This was my third visit to France, and I thought York; J. TAYLOR, Brighton; and sold by all Booksellers,

Newsinen, &c. in town and country. is much infested by a dark coloured centipede, almost that certainly Brest was one of the best specimens of

Stereotyped by A. Kirkwood, Edinburgh. black, with red feelers and legs. We usually found a French town I had seen : it is remarkably clean and Printed by Bradbury and Evans (late T. Davison). Whitefriars.

a

WINE AFTER DINNER.

CENTIPEDES.

BREST.

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