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SMALL ALLOTMENTS OF LAND.

FRENCH PRONUNCIATION.

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his pride relax under the influence of wine; and when public travelling, that, for one twenty-mile stage, the fuel carried out for feeding the furnaces is es. loosened from this restraint, his kindness was not de. viz. from Newark to Sleaford, they refused to take us hausted much sooner, in consequence of the greater ficient. To me he showed it in pressing wine upon forward with less than four horses. This was neither thickness of the solid medium between the water and me, without stint or measure. The elegancies which

a fraud, as our eyes soon convinced us (for even four the fire. The bottoms of the boilers also are much he had observed in such part of my mother's establish- horses could scarcely extricate the chaise from the more rapidly acted upon and destroyed by the heat. ment as could be supposed to meet his eye on so hasty deep sloughs which occasionally seamed the road for To remedy' these most serious inconveniences, no a visit, had impressed him perhaps favourably towards tracts of two or three miles in succession), nor was it other method has yet been adopted than that of very myself : and could I have a little altered my age, or an accident of the weather. In all seasons the same frequently letting off the steam, for the purpose of dismissed my excessive reserve, I doubt not that he demand was enforced, as my female protectress found cooling and opening the boiler for the removal of the would have admitted me, in default of a more suitable | in conducting me back at a tine season of the year, and saline encrustation by the hand. But, on the contrary, comrade, to his entire confidence for the rest of the had always found in traversing the same route. The this operation is productive of an extraordinary loss road. Dinner finished, and myself at least, for the England of that date (1794) exhibited many similar of time, a period of sixty hours being generally re. first time in my childish life, somewhat perhaps over.

quired for the purpose, and this long detention occur. charged with wine, the bill was called for the waiter It was not until after the year 1815 that the main ring of necessity after a performance of only a few days. paid in the lavish style of antique England—and we improvement took place in the English travelling sys. heard our chaise drawing up under the gateway-the tem, so far as regarded speed. It is in reality to Mr invariable custom of those days, by which you were M•Adam that we owe it." All the roads in England, dren, the son of a poor man, and the youngest of

Edward Richards, aged 68, the father of six chil. spared the trouble of going into the street, stepping within a few years, were remodelled, and upon eleven children,

has resided in Cirencester parish fiftyfrom the hall of the inn right into your carriage. I principles of Roman science. From mere beds of two years, and during the early part of his life was a had been kept back for a minute or so by the land. torrents, and systems of ruts, they were raised uni. lady and her attendant nymphs, to be dressed and versally to the condition and appearance of gravel agreed with a farmer to clear out and improve an acre

common labourer. About thirty-tive years ago, he kissed ; and, on seating myself in the chaise, which walks in private parks or shrubberies.

The avewas well lighted with lamps, I found my lordly young rage rate of velocity was, in consequence, exactly years rent free, and then give it up to the owner. On

of rough quarry land, on condition of having it three principal in conversation with the landlord, first upon doubled—ten miles an hour being now generally acthe price of oats, which youthful horsemen always af. complished, instead of five. And at the moment surplus labour to such advantage, that, during those

this unpromising spot, he and his wife expended their fect to inquire after with interest ; but secondly, upon when all further improvement upon this system had three years, he cleared L.40. He then purchased two a topic more immediately at his heart, viz. the repu. become hopeless, a new prospect was suddenly opened acres of poor land, for which he gave L.80. These tation of the road. At that time of day, when gold to us by railroads; which again, considering how much had not yet disappeared from the circulation, no tra. they bave already exceeded the maximum of possibi- productive state. Soon after he entered on the culti.

two acres are now, and have long been, in a highly veller carried any other sort of money about him; and lity, as laid down by all engineers during the pro- vation of this land, he raised in one year seven quar. there was consequently a rich encouragement to high. gress of the Manchester and Liverpool line, may soon

ters of wheat from it : and he has refused one hundred waymen, which vanished almost entirely with Mr give way to new modes of locomotion still more as- guineas for it. He has now been lord of this little Pitt's act of 1797, for restricting cash payments. Pro.tonishing to our preconceptions.” perty which could be identified and traced, was a

manor for thirty-two years. By the kind offices of perilous sort of plunder ; and from that time the free

a worthy medical gentleman, who attended him when trade of the road almost perished as a regular occu

unwell, he obtained from Earl Bathurst twenty-five pation. At this period it did certainly maintain a

One night, a party of English gentlemen attend. perches of poor, waste, and unproductive land, subject languishing existence; here and there it might have ed the Theatre Français, at Paris, in order to see

to be overflowed with water, at a quit-rent of 10s. per a casual run of success; and as these local ebbs and

a popular piece acted. They had not long taken their annum. This spot, which the writer has seen, he has Aows were continually shifting, perhaps, after all, the made their appearance could not utter a word which state of value and productiveness that must be seen

seats till the curtain rose, but the performers who possessed about thirty years, and has brought it to a trade might lie amongst a small number of hands. could be heard, in consequence of an uproarious outshrewdness, or even sagacity, in qualifying according cry that broke out from all parts of the house. The laborious and

industrious man has rented five or sit to the circumstances of the inquirer, the sort of credit sounds and yells were deafening, but prominent above acres of land, besides the two plots already referred

to ; and, during that period, has kept two, and some. which they allowed to the exaggerated ill fame of the peated word rical, something like a rapid combination times three cows, as also sheep, pigs, &c.; and it may roads. Returning on this very road, some months after, with a timid female relation, who put her ques.

of the sounds ree and cal. “Oh," said the English. not be uninteresting in these times to state, that be tions with undisguised and distressing alarm, the very

they are crying for one Ricat, some great per has been long a rate payer, but never a rate-receiver. same people, one and all, assured her that the danger such a personage.

former we suppose, although we have never heard of In short, by honest industry, sobriety, and good con. was next to nothing: Not so at present: rightly pre however, they were egregiously mistaken. The thing dent Englishman, respectable and respected; and the

In this plausible supposition, duct, he is now a man of substance, and an indepen. suming that a haughty cavalier of eighteen, flushed

which was so loudly demanded was the national air of writer, with feelings of sincere pleasure, remarked that with wine and youthful blood, would listen with dis. gust to a picture too amiable and pacific of the roads orchestra than the hubbub quietly subsided. Who tune to possess—a sound and useful education.-La

Henri Quatre, which was no sooner struck up by the he set a high value on what it was never his good forbefore him, Mr Spread-Eagle replied with the air of could have imagined that Ricat meant Henri Quatre ?

bourer's Friend Society's Magazine. one who feared more than he altogether liked to tell, and looking suspiciously amongst the strange faces lit yet such is the common mode of pronouncing the words.

INFLUENCE OF MUSIC ON THE MIND. up by the light of the carriage lamps-'Why, sir,

Of the solace of music-nay more, of its influence there have been ugly stories afloat; I cannot deny it;

It was an affair of danger to walk home alone from upon melancholy, I need not look for evidence in the and sometimes, you know, sir,' winking sagaciously, a party at night. I contrived to do it with impunity, universal testimony of antiquity, nor remind such an to which a knowing nod of assent was returned,

armed with an iron cane, keeping the middle of the audience of its recorded effect upon the gloomy dis. may not be quite safe to tell all one knows. But you street, and not allowing any Portuguese to walk be temper or the perverse mind of Saul. I myself have can understand me. The forest, you are well aware,

hind me. Nothing could be more dreary and “cut. witnessed its power to mitigate the sadness of seclu. sir, is the forest : it never was much to be trusted, by throat” than the appearance of the streets after dusk. sion, in a case where my loyalty as a good subject, all accounts, in my father's time, and I suppose will Narrow, black with mud, and bounded by tall houses, and my best feelings as a man, were more than usually not be better in mine. But you must keep a sharp they were only lighted at long intervals by wretched interested in the restoration of my patient; and I look-out: and, Tom,' speaking to the postilion, 'mind, lamps on those nights when there was no moon; when also remember its salutary operation in the case of a when you pass the third gate, to go pretty smartly by the almanack, said the moon ought to shine, the oil gentleman in Yorkshire, many years ago, who was the thicket.' Tom replied in a tone of importance to

was saved. However, as there was no provision made first stupified, and afterwards became insane, upon this professional appeal. General valedictions were ex

for clouds darkening occasionally the face of the Cyn. the sudden loss of his property. This gentleman changed, the landlord bowed, and we moved off for thian queen, the faint glimmer of the lights at the could hardly be said to live ; he merely vegetated, for the forest. My companion had his travelling case of images of the Virgin was alone seen on these occa- he was motionless until pushed, and did not speak to pistols: these he began now to examine; for sometimes,

sions. The people retire early to rest in Lisbon, and or notice any body in the house for nearly four said he, I have known such a trick as drawing the from nine till twelve I seldom observed any one in the months. The first indication of a return of any sense charge whilst one happened to be taking a glass of streets, except an occasional sentry with his bright appeared in his attention to music played in the street. wine. Wine had unlocked his heart—the prospect of barrelled musket, a solitary pedestrian hurrying along This was observed, the second time he heard it, to the forest and the advancing night excited him—and in his cloak, or dogs prowling about. A lew nights have a more decided force in arousing him from his even of such a child as myself, he was now disposed after my arrival, I was returoing from a soirée down lethargy, and induced by this good omen, the saga. to make a confidant. Did you observe,' said he, the steep street Alecrim ; the moon was shining bright, cious humanity of his superintendant offered him a

that ill-looking fellow, as big as a camel, who stood and I was beginning to be very sentimental whilst violin. He seized it eagerly, and amused himself on the landlord's left hand ?' Was it the man, I admiring the vine leaves and towers hanging over with it constantly. After six weeks, hearing the rest asked timidly, who seemed by his dress to be a far.

the wall of the garden of the Conde Feroba, and ob. of the patients of the house pass by his door to their mer? • Farmer, you call him ? Ah! my young serving at the bottom of the descent the Tagus blithely common room, he accosted them—" Good morning to friend, that shows your little knowledge of the world. gliding in light to the sea, when my pleasant reveries you all, gentlemen ; I am quite well, and desire I He is a scoundrel, the bloodiest of scoundrels. And were interrupted by the sudden uplifting of a window, may accompany you.” In two months more he was 80. I trust to convince him before many hours are gone and, accompanied by a drowsy cry of “ Agua vai"

dismissed cured. -Sir H. Halford's Essays of Orations. over our heads.' Whilst saying this, he employed (there goes water), down came a torrent within a few

INDIAN WIT. feet of me. himself in priming his pistols: then, after a pause, he

There was a rush of dogs to the spot; I Notwithstanding the peculiar sombreness of the went on thus :-* No, my young friend, this alone made a detour, and escaped to my quiet chamber. In North American Indian, he is capable of exercising shows his base purposes_his calling himself a farmer. walking the streets between nine and twelve at night, his wit upon occasions. For instance, one of the Mico Farmer he is not, but a desperate highwayman, of it is necessary, if alone, to keep near the middle of the Macks, not long since, entering a tavern in one of the which I have full proof

. I watched his inalicions thoroughfare, and to talk to one's self; or else "showers country towns of Nova Scotia to purchase some spi, glances whilst the landlord was talking; and I could of glory" will descend without any warning cry.- rits, for which ten shillings a gallon were demanded swear to his traitorous intentions.' So speaking, he Alexander's Portugal.

-double the retail Halifax price—the savage expos. threw anxious glances on each side as we continued to WATERS OF THE ATLANTIC AND MEDITERRANEAN. tulated on the extraordinary sum asked. The land. advance : we were both somewhat excited; he by the A remarkable proof of the relative degrees of sale lord endeavoured to justify it, by explaining the ex. spirit of adventure, I by sympathy with him-and both held in solution by the waters of the Atlantic Ocean pense of conveyance, the loss of interest, &c., and by wine. The wine, however, soon applied a remedy to and the Mediterranean Sea, is afforded by the condi. illustrated his remarks by saying, it was as expensive its owri delusions: three miles from the town we had tion of the boilers of his Majesty's steam-packet Dar. to keep a hogshead of rum as a milch cow. The In. left, both of us were in a bad condition for resisting ran, which some time ago arrived at Woolwich, after

dian humorously replied, “May be it drinks as much highwaymen with effect--we were fast asleep. Sud. an attendance of a few months upon the fleet in the water (alluding to its adulteration), but certain no eat denly a most abrupt halt awoke us ; my friend felt neighbourhood of Constantinople. Owing to the ex

so much hay!for his pistulsthe door flew open, and the lights of tensive impregnation with salt of the upper waters the assembled group announced to us that we had of the Mediterranean, it would appear that a deposit LONDON: Published, with Permission of the Proprietors, by URR reached Mansfield. That night we went on to Newark, of solid salt, to the extent of one-eighth part of an Strand; BANCKS & Co., Manchester: WRIGHTSON & WEBB, at which place about forty miles of our journey re- uch per diem, is found at the bottom of the boilers. Birmingham; WILLMER & SMITH, Liverpool; W. E. SOMens

SCALE, Leeds; C. N. WRIGHT, Nottingham ; WESTLEY & Co. mained. This distance we performed of course on the This deposit is further stuted to be greater in one

Bristol; S. Simals, Bath : J. JOHNSON, Cambridge: W. Gain, following day, between breakfast and dinner.

week in the Mediterranean, than the entire deposit Exeter; J. PURDON, Hull; G. RIDGK, Shellied; H. BKLLERTY, But ic nerves strikingly to illustrate the state of found in six months in the boilers of the steam-packets

York; J. TAYLOR, Brighton; and sold by all Booksellers,

Newsinen, &c. in town and country. roads in England, whenever your atfairs led you into which ply from Falmouth to Lisbon. In consequence

Stereotyped by A. Kirkwood, Edinburgh. districts a liv.le retired from the capital routes of the of the extraordinary depusit of salt, it is found that Printed by Bradbury and Evans (late T. Davison), Whitefriara

LISBON AT NIGHT.

it

SCHAMBERS?
DINBURG)

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CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM AND ROBERT CHAMBERS, EDITORS OF “CHAMBERS'S HISTORICAL NEWSPAPER.”

No. 163.

SATURDAY, MARCH 14, 1835.

PRICE THREE HALFPENCE.

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NAT PHIN.

a frame in the middle, like a central bookcase in an At length, incredible as it may appear, Nat did In a small villa, surrounded by a little garden, and over-filled library. Crowded as the place was, a marry. An eccentric young lady was taken one night sadly jostled by the spreading streets of Liverpool, small piece had been reserved for a pond, in which by some female friends to see his garden, and being dwelt a worthy old bachelor whom all the world knew were kept a few zoophytes and aquatic plants, and told that he was wealthy, good.natured, and not ex. by the familiar and handy name of Nat Phin. Me where an old tame gull, whose usual employment was pected ever to quit the single state, she laid a bet that Phin enjoyed a lucrative government office in the city, to keep down the breed of grubs, might occasionally she would bring him to her feet. How she accom. and spent six hours every day in business : all the rest wet his feathers. A long range of coops in a back plished this end, has not been recorded; but it is of his time was devoted to study and recreation. court was devoted to a quantity of birds of what Mr certain that in less than two months she was Mrs He had, from his earliest years, manifested a taste for Phin delighted to call the gallinaceous tribes, not one Phin. It was summer when the happy event took odd and out-of-the-way antiquities, to which was ra- specimen of which belonged to Britain, or ever laid, place, and Nat was so far affected by the new feelings ther strangely joined a fondness for natural history, as Miss Phin querulously remarked, a Christian-like which possessed his bosom, as to assume a pair of The first of these predilections he indulged in a small egg; by wbich, we presume, she meant an egg that nankeen trousers and a black silk handkerchief ; room connected with his office in town, where he had any Christian could eat.

things which, upon him, accomplished a change more amassed an immense quantity of old historical jack. The lord of this odd little domain was one of those considerable than could have been expected. On the boots, and pistols, and china, and Indian gods, and individuals who advance to something like age, day after the marriage, he left the bride to be initiated other such trash, which he would sometimes be found without having ever been young. At all times of his by his aunt in all the complicated arrangements of surveying with one eye, while the other was watching life, he had worn a stayed and studious look, as if he his establishment, and proceeded as usual to attend the pruceedings of a long vista of clerks in the neigh. knew not what love, or quadrilles, or sentimental his professional duties. It never occurred to him that bouring apariment. His other fancy found employ. poetry, consisted of. He had taken to double flannels the lady could wish to reform, or alter, or expunge, ment at home, where he had there stocked every room, before thirty, and a wig at thirty-five, and had scarcely any thing in his house; and he therefore had said noand every bit of room, with books and objects con. turned forty when he found it necessary to fence him thing to her upon the subject. How great was his nected with the various branches of his favourite self against the winter's cold by a brown duffle astouishment, when, on his return at four o'clock, be science, or with creatures on which he had fized those spencer. His parents, who preceded him in the pos. found the parlour nearly cleared of the pets and curioaffections which other men devote to wise and chil. session of the small villa, had seen him attain middle sities with which it w:s usually stocked-the terrier dren. A venerable spitfire terrier, which had been life, without ever supposing him to be any thing but yelping from the coal.cellar, where it was dying of his companion at an early period of life, lay, mentally a lad, or conceiving it to be in the least likely that cold; the monkies let loose in the garden, where they engaged in the business of rat-catching, in an old Nat could form an attachment beyond the range of had brushed down, for one thing, listy of the most shawl of his aunt's, upon the parlour hearth. Two the family, or take it into his head to set up house for magnificent dablias ; and the whole apartment wearcats

, only in a less degree ancient, having been Mr himself. Neither had any other body, young or old, ing that waste and dishevelled look which is so apt Phin's second love in the animal world, lay amicably male or female, ever thought of Nat as a person qua- to follow a thinning or removal of furniture. Nat beside the dog, with whom they had many years since lified to become a lover. He seemed to have entirely stood aghast and speechless, and when he found his come to a perfect understanding. A parroquet occu. missed several of the seven ages of man, and become tongue, broke forth into a vehement denunciation of pied his pole and cross-beam in the corner. Three the lean and slippered Pantaloon at seventeen. If the his venerable aunt as the cause of the mischief. Mrs canaries and a siskin swung in cages from the ceiling. idea of matrimony and the idea of Nat Phin could Phin, however, soon set him to rights, by acknow. The windows were full of frames whereon were ar. have been entertained at the same moment, it would ledging herself to be the author of the reformation, rangod multitudes of flowerpots, the products of which have appeared a most incongruous association. No which she defended manfully on the plea of expedi. formed so thick a screen as almost to darken the room. young lady, in her most meditative moments, whether ency.

“ What !” said she; “ am I to come home to The chimneypiece bore a weighty range of the more in letting down her hair for a party, or twisting it up a house like a cottar's cabin, with all kinds of birds magniticent orders of shells ; and a large glass case after, could bave ever taken a thought of him; not and beasts in it? Why, Noah's ark was but a joke was completely filled with geological specimens. In even the most considerate mother of a large family of to it! No, no, sir; if you are to have a wife, you the room more properly called his own, besides book. marriageable daughters could have allowed herself to must allow her to manage her house for herself; cases, there was a great variety of stuffed birds and imagine Nat making up to child of hers. He had not the gentleman never interferes in household affairs.” beasts, and a few of the less amiable kinds of living the this world look which is required in the marrying Nat gave in for the present, but spent the whole of creatures, which his aunt and housekeeper had with More likely that he should gradually stiffen that evening in re-arranging his trumpery, in consol. some difficulty prevailed upon him to keep out of the away into a curiosity, and, in proper time, take his ing the offended feelings of the terrier, and reasoning parlour. To make up for this, he had forced hundreds place amongst those dried specimens upon which he with Mrs Phin about the pleasantness of having a few of other things into her room, on the plea that there at present bestowed so much of his affection.

birds at least in one's parlour. He left her next was no place for them elsewhere. She had even sub. There is no end, however, to the paradoxes of hu- morning, apparently reconciled to the existing state mitted to accommodate a dried alligator, too long for all man character. Nat, with all his dryness and hard of things ; but what was his astonishment, on coming the other chambers in the house. But the things here ness of exterior, and engrossed as he seemed by his home once more, to find that she had caused the whole specified are only those which would have fallen under studies, possessed a soft and kind heart, and delighted of the honeysuckle to be cut away from the windows, the observation of a stranger at the first glance. Every in human intercourse. He was particularly fond of and nearly a cartful of old pottery and bricks to be bit of wall, most of the ceilings, and a great portion receiving visits from ladies, whom, with an antique emptied into the pond among the zoophytes! These of the floors, were occupied with things living and formality, he would squire about his garden; and facts were hinted to him on his entrance, by his an. things dead, there was a perpetual buzz, and me, when his aunt gathered a few of those ornaments of cient gardener, whose heart seemed like to burst as and chatter, and scream, and whistle, going on through creation around her tea-table, Nat shone out wonder- he spoke. For some time, Nat hardly could find out the domicile. Beast called to beast, and bird to fully, conversed on albums and theatricals, and, albeit words. “Madam,” he at length said, “ you have bird. A tame hawk contended with the favourite long past the kettle-handing time of life, generally spoilt one of the finest honeysuckles in the country, kitten for the crumbs of the breakfast-table; monkies performed the offices of a beau with considerable and destroyed at least fifteen unknown varieties of shook their fists and made faces at each other from alacrity. On occasions of this kind, there was the Cellaria tribe of the class Zoophyta, besides opposite dens; and the parrot carried on a political con- generally a great deal of merriment; and all the some of the prettiest sea plants that ever were picked troversy with the blackbird, the one having been taught more so, apparently, that the young ladies and Nat up. What in the name of wonder do you mean? to croak out “God save the king," while the other had were innocent of all evil intention against each other. Or where is all this to end ?” - Why, to be sure," been trained to sing “Over the water to Charlie." When he, in his turn, visited their houses, he was said the lady, “ the room was a little dark, and

Out of doors, every thing was on a similar footing. received rather as a kind and familiar uncle than as I thought it could be improved by a few of the branches A little patch of garden, sunk amidst high walls, had a mere acquaintance. Light-hearted girls would tell being cut away from the windows. As for the pond, in the course of time been filled in every corner with him their love-secrets, and ask his opinion of parti- it is full of the nastiest creatures in the world, and so lowers and shrubs, indigenous and exotic, till it had cular young gentlemen, and accompany him to the I determined to have it filled up.” “Nasty creabecome a perfect bower of beauty. Fruit-trees spread exhibitions of works of art, and employ him to obtain tures !" cried the indignant husband ; "they were their arms along every inch of wall which the sun for them supplies of rice paper and address cards. In admired by all students of zoophytology, as a perfectly had

chance of touching ; hotbeds, for which there the presence of a man of likelihood, they would have unexampled collection. I had some intention of send. was no room on the ground, were exalted on stilts, 80 been silent and reserved; but with honest Nat, who ing drawings of them to Lamarck, who, I have been as to form a kind of second floor; and hundreds, or was never suspected of having a hand to offer, they told, is totally unacquainted with most of the species." rather perhaps thousands of powerpots, were piled on were most unflatteringly at their ease.

The mischief, however, was done, and Mr Phin could

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only use measures to prevent other disasters of the common mushroom, and the morelle; there are, how. poisoned ; and hemlock, which is generally believed same kipd. He accordingly spent the whole of that ever, upwards of forty species in the island, out of to have furnished the poisons which were used in anevening in lecturing his wise upon the pleasures of which Dr Greville, one of the most distinguished ho- cient times, and especially among the Greeks, for dis. the study of natural history, and impressing upon her tanists in Britain, enumerates no fewer than twenty: patching criminals, and so often mistaken for fennel, the identity of his comfort with the preservation of six different species growing abundantly in our woods asparagus, parsley, and particularly parsnip, often the objects with which he had filled his house. She and fields, which, although most of them utterly ne. become the ministers of death to the unwary. The yielded a kind assent to the most that he said ; but the glected in this country, are all of them considered water hemlock, too, Cicuta virosa; the dead tongue, calm into which she thus lulled him was treacherous. eatable, and many highly delicate, abroad. General or hemlock dropwort, Enanthe crocata of botanists,

On returning to dinner next day, he was met in the directions have been laid down for distinguishing the often mistaken for hemluck by collectors of medicinal very threshold with the sight of a vast mass of pre- esculent from the poisonous kinds; but it is very vegetables, a mistake of serious consequence ; and cious trumpery which he had kept in his own bed. questionable if these rules are always safe; and cer: another of the umbelliferous tribe of plants, the fool's room, now exclusively his own no longer; and again tainly they are not always accurate, as they would parsley, (Ethusa cynepium, which has often occasioned there was a thunderstruck stare, an angry inquiry, exclude many species in common use on the Continent. accidents by reason of its resemblance to parsley—from and a petulant answer. “What! shall a lady not It appears, however, that most fungi or plants of this which, however, it is at once distinguished by the see after the arrangement of her own room ?" To in. description, which have a warty cap, more especially leaves being black, and glistening on their lower sur. crease the poignancy of his grief, he found her substi. fragments of membrane adhering to their upper sur face, and by the nauseous smell they emit when rubtuting a quantity of ladies' work-wretched composi- face, are poisonous. Heavy fungi, which have an un. bed-coften prove fatal when introduced into the sto tions of card and colouring-trifles destitute of taste, pleasant odour, especially if they emerge from a vulva mach. But among the vegetable poisons, opium, with utility, and every other valuable quality—for the ines- or big, are also generally hurtful. Of those which its preparation of laudanum, is the most common and timable specimens of animated nature, which it had grow in woods and shady places, a few are esculent, the most destructive, being frequently administered in cost him so many years to collect. Nat now began to but most are unwholesome; and if they are moist on a poisonous dose either by accident or design. And fear that he had committed a great mistake, and that the surface, they should be avoided. All those whieh here, as indeed with all those which we have enume. the happy days of his life were at an end. It was in grow in tufts or clusters upon the trunks or stumps rated, our first object must be to remove the poison vain that he entreated his aunt to preserve order in his of trees, ought likewise tu be shunned. A sure test from the stomach, and, in the absence of the medical absence; the old lady, not very well pleased with the of a poisonous fungus is an astringent, styptic taste, man, an emetic furnishes the readiest means. When marriage, and not on over-friendly terms with Mrs and perhaps also a disagreeable, but certainly a pun: it is to be obtained, the best is the sulphate of zinc, Phin, declared herself totally unable to interfere. Day gent odour. Some fungi possessing these properties in a dose of half a drachm, which, if it fails to act, after day did he come home to some new scene of desola. have indeed found their way to the table ; but they may be repeated after a short interval. When the tion and change, and night aster night did he spend are of very questionable quality. Those whose sub poison, as in laudanum, is of a narcotic nature, our in bewailing his lot. On some occasions, it was a

stance becomes blue soon after being cut, are invari. next endeavour must be to keep the patient constantly glass case demolished and thrust into the lumber. ably poisonous. Those of an orange or rose colour; roused; and the best method is to drag him up and room; on others, a favourite bird liberated, or a plant and those of a coriaceous or corky texture, or which down between two men, who must be cautioned against rooted up. A marmozet with a young family was bave a membranous collar round the stem, are also yielding to his importunate en treaties and occasional packed out of doors, to take her chanee, like a child- unsafe. Even the esculent mushrooms, if they are struggles to get free and rest himself. If the emetic laden beggar, of a wayside subsistence; and a sloth partially devoused by insects, and have been abandon. is about to fail in its effect, cold water dashed upon was put to his top speed, to avoid a fire of damp.straw ed, should be avoided, as they have in all probability the head restores the patient for a few moments to sen. which Mrs Phin kindled in pure fun under his kennel. acquired injurious qualities

which they do not usually sibility, during

the continuance of which it will proDahlias and fuschias of the highest excellence were possess. There is great difficulty in laying down any bably operate. In our endeavours to rouse the patient, broken off to make nosegays ; and the coops of the rules by which poisonous fungi can be distinguished stimulants

, as hartshorn, camphor, musk, or strong gallinaceous tribes being left open by intentional mis. by those not intimately acquainted with botany, and coffee, &c. will be beneficial. take, seeds of the greatest rarity and value would there is still greater difficulty in forming, even for the Although we have not mentioned all the vegetable sometimes go as a single meal to those insatiable peckers botanist, a correct list of those which are poisonous poisons, we have, we think, said enough to afford such and scrapers. In about a twelvemouth, such a change because certain species are innocent in one climate and information about them as may be useful in time of was wrought in the house, garden, and person of Nr poisonous in another; and not only this, but their need, and the absence of the 'medical man, if it is Nathaniel Phin, that no one who had known them qualities are considerably influenced by a dry or not enough to warn persons against using unknown in former days could have recognised them. The rainy season, and the period of the year at which they plants. house was a dismantled toy, the garden a desolated are produced. Rules may serve as useful guides, but We shall not occupy much time with the mineral bower, and the man himself a worn.down human they must not be implicitly relied upon, for all are poisons ; because the subject is one, concerning whick. existence-a withered leaf shivering, the last of its subject to exceptions. It may be well to mention that without an extensive knowledge of chemistry, it were tribe, in the November blast—a being apparently not there is a peculiarity attending this class of poisons, impossible to become so sufficiently acquainted as to long for this world.

in so far as the symptoms are slow in beginning and do more than render a little assistance in the absence The time, however, at length arrived for the re- of unusually long duration. They have not, in some of the scientific practitioner. That little, however, storation of Nat to comfort. A baby daughter, pre- instances, commenced for twelve, and in several they may be useful, and therefore we shall devote a sheri sented to him one fine morning, opened a new train have lasted for more than forty-eight hours.

space to the consideration of those more common mine. of affections in his heart, and soon engrossed so much

No antidote or specific remedy is known where ral poisons which are sometimes taken accidentally of his attention, that he began to lose all regard for poisoning from mushrooms has taken place. Several and by mistake for other substances. bis curiosities. He ceased to look after his gar- bave at different times been confided in; but none The first mineral poison we may notice is oxalic acid, den, helped with his own hands to banish a chest of are of any material service. In all cases, the first ob- which is often and fatally swallowed for Epsom salts, dried moths in order to make way for a cradle, and ject should be to evacuate the offensive inatter by which it so closely resembles, that it is difficult even in a short time became quite a different man. Further emetics ; and we would have our readers bear in mind for the practised eye to point out which is the laxaadditions, which in time were made to his family, that a teaspoonful of mustard dissolved in a tumbler tive and which the poison. Many plans bave been completed and confirmed the alteration. He disa of warm water is a powerful emetic in every body's proposed for effectually distinguishing between the covered that the things to which he had formerly de. possession. After which, stimulants, especially harts. two, but the safest one is to taste the draught before voted himself were mere substitutes for those more worn or strong coffee, will be found highly serviceable. taking it the poison is very acid, while the Epsopi delightful objects which he now found it so much Among the more deadly vegetable productions of salt is strongly bitter. Another test is to take a little more agreeable to fondle; and that, these having been our country is the foxglove (Digitalis purpurea), common writing ink, and drop it on one or two of the placed within his reach, the others were worse than which,

suspected crystals. If they be Epsom salts, no altera. useless. He therefore consented to reserve only a

With modest blush in bosky dells,

tion will occur ; but if oxalic acid be present, the ink portion of his garden for ornamental purposes, the rest

Ilangs hos dewy purple belis;

will become of a reddish brown; and, again, blue being devoted to rearing honest useful vegetables. His

So sulty nodding in the breeze,

sugar-loaf-paper is reddened by a solution of the acid, foreign gallinacea were exchanged for worthy regular

The blossoms seldom fail to please ;

but not affected by the salts. English hens, whose eggs were generally eatable. Ilis

But woe to him who rashly sips,

Oxalic acid is little adapted for the murderer; for wife was allowed to make such alterations in his house,

There's poison on her glowing lips !

although easily given as a laxative, its real nature so as rendered it a comfortable family mansion, instead And fearful indeed are the consequences which often soon betrays itself, that secrecy is effectually preof a menagerie and museum; and by the same magic arise from eating of the plant, the properties of which vented. It seems to be the most rapid and unerring hands various reformations were made in his own are of a very powerful and peculiar kind. The leaves of all the common poisons. Cases are recorded person, so as to transfigure him from a dried speci- are the most active part. The foxglove is a favourite where patients lived scarcely ten minutes ; and few of men into a very tolerable middle-aged gentleman. nostrum among quack doctors, and became the ground those who have died survived one hour. The smallNat finally became a solid, easy, contented-looking of a criminal trial of one in London in 1826. When est dose seems to have been half an ounce; but there family man, regularly squiring his wife to church, and will people be aware of their folly in trusting their can be little doubt that less would be sufficient to frequently to be seen walking of an evening with his lives in the bands of empirics! The hellebore or cause death. It is too evident, that on account of its “boys." ' He spent many happy years in this man- Christmas rose, which, though

dreadful rapidity, remedies are of little avail, unless ner, and the last time we saw him he confessed that Triumphant over winter's power,

resorted to immediately after the acid has been swal. all his bachelor and curiosity.collecting days seemed And sweetly opening to the sight,

lowed; and the strongly burning sensation it octato have been spent in vain, and that now only did he 'Midst chilling snows, with blossoms fair,

sions in the throat and stomach almost instantaneously truly enjoy life.

of pure and spotless white

indicates what has happened. The object then in is still fraught with death and desolation to those view is to administer as speedily as possible large

who, tempted by its apparent purity, imprudently doses of chalk, or magnesia, if chalk cannot be easily VEGETABLE AND MINERAL POISONS.

feed upon it. Though not now used in medicine, the procured. These substances not only neutralise the CONTINUING the subject of vegetable poisons, one hellebore is a very interesting plant on account of the acid, so as to take away its corrosive power, but form of the most deadly which comes under our notice esteem in which it was held by the ancients as a re- with it a new compound, which is insoluble, and is that which is found in fungi, or the tribe of medy for madness; so considerable indeed was this, therefore unable to enter the system. Time should mushrooms. Accidents arising from these are of that helleborism, or the methods of preparing the pas never be lost in exhibitiug emétics ; but, above all, frequent occurrence ; yet not so frequent here as tient for its administration, formed an essential part it is necessary to avoid giving warm water in hopes upon the Continent, because, in Britain, only three of their therapeutics. Its purgative qualities may per- of accelerating vomiting, as dilution promotes the en. species of mushrooms are used, while abroad, a great haps afford the reason why they used it, even when trance of the poison into the blood, if it has not the variety of them have fonnd their way to the table, there was no prior disorder, in order to add strength effect of immediately expelling it. many of which are not only liable to be confounded and vigour to the mental conceptions. Valerius Maxi. Where oil of vitriól (sulphuric acid), or spirits of salt with poisonous species, but are even themselves of mus tells us that Carneades, the philosopher, when he (muriatic acid), have been swallowed, in the absence doubtful quality. Mr Miller tells us that the true was engaged in a dispute with Chrysippus, always of the medical man large doses of the common car. . eatable mushroom, Agaricus campestris, may be easily prepared himself by a dose of it; and that the success bonate of magnesia are to be given, and vomiting distinguished from poisonous or unpleasant species by of it was such as made all who were desirous of solid promoted with hot water; and if these cannot be prothe following characters :-"When young, it appear's praise to follow his dangerous example.

cured, a solution of soap must be given. And here we of a roundish form, smooth like a button; which, to. Laurel leaves, and the meadow saffron, are also poi. would most earnestly caution mistresses of families gether with its stalk, is white, especially the fleshy sonous productions; and the monkshood, or purple where there are children, never to allow their house part of the button ; the gills within, when broken, are aconite, which grows in almost every garden, is to be maids to leave exposed for an instant the bottles of livid. As it grows larger, it expands its head by de- dreaded. Belladonna, or deadly nightshade, “the the mixture with which they clean their grates. grees into a dat form ; the gills underneath are at first insane root which takes the reason prisoner" of Mac. This composition is formed with powerful acids; and of a pale flash colour, but become blackish on stand beth ; tobacco; hyoscyamus, or henbane, by which, a child is very apt to put the botile to its mouth and ing.” The species used by us are the trufle, the according to Shakspeare, the King of Denmark was drink from it. We are acquainted with a fatal case

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of this nature which occurred lately: Nitre, or salt- of adulterating pickles with copper; for in many cook. "Is there any mark ?". “Why, no-no-not de. petre, has sometimes been taken instead of Glauber ery books, the couk is t»ld to put a few halfpence cidedly a mark— I cannot say there is a direct contu. Salts, but it is seldom fatal. Emetics, mucilaginous among them, in order to produce a fine green colour! sion; it might have been, in fact, the wind of a twelve. drinks, and miik, are to be had recourse to.

To prevent accidental impregnations, copper vessels pound shot, or something of that kind-you may, in There are several preparations of arsenic, all of are usually tinued ; yet this, ton, is but a partial pro- short, put me down (to save the feelings of others, which are highly deleterious when taken even in very tection, as the tinning is apt to be worn away without very dear to me) you may put me down 'slightly small quantities. Unfortunately we have no antic attracting the attention of servants ; and hence the wounded.'” dotes to neutralise the effects of this poison, and hence use of both copper and brass utensils in the kitchen “Why, really, Captain X"

« Not a word, vinegar, sugar, butter, and other oily substances, is becoming every day more and more limited, espe. not a word, my worthy friend-off to your duty-go, lime water, bitter decoctions, and many other things, cially since the manufacture of cast-iron vessels has go along—you must put me down slightly'-what. once vaunted as antidotes, are now justly forgotten. been brought to such perfection.

The symptoms

ever you like, in short--something-any thing-only The Continental papers tell us that two Swedish phy. caused by copper in man, are, in a general point of pray let my name be in the list of the wonnded! Not sicians have lately discovered the oxide of iron to be view, the same as those occasioned by arsenic or cor- another word-good bye, good bye, my dear, my very an antidote for arsenic ; but until this is fully esta. rosive sublimate-obstinate and severe colic, retching dear doctor !" blished as a fact, our sole dependence must be upon and vomiting, costiveness, flatus, burning pain at the The doctor smiled, as bitterly as though be had emetics—sulphate of zinc, if possible and compelling pit of the stomach, in the loins and extremities, and just swallowed a dose of rhubarb. He left the place; the patient to drink plentifully, both before and after paralytic weakness in the arms; a peculiarity, how. and to my infinite surprise, and that of the whole romiting, of milk, which appears to be the best sub. ever, exists in a coppery taste in the mouth. Here army, I may say, the London Gazette, which some stance for enveloping the powder, and so promoting its again the white of eggs is the best antidote.

weeks after brought us the official account of the discharge.

We have thus concluded our rapid sketches of the storming, showed us the unprecedented notification, Corrosive sublimate, and other mercurial prepara. more common poisons derived from the animal, vege in the list of casualties, of Captain X-being “very tions, are very energetic poisons; but here we possess, table, and mineral kingdoms, and detailed the me. slightly" wounded. He was the only individual o what is so much wanted in arsenic, a convenient and thod of treatment to be adopted if no medical man is the regiment who was not thoronghly ashamed of this, effectual antidote, viz. the white of eggs. The fol present; and should any of our readers be in a situa. and who did not feel the actual cautery of the sura lowing extract from Professor Christison's work on tion requiring the exercise of the means of relief we geon's printed sarcasm. poisons fully illustrates this fact :-“ Twelve grains have pointed out, we trust we have done so in a man. I now began to know my man, and was not much of corrosive sublimate were given to a little dog, and ner so clear and lucid, that little difficulty can attend surprised, at the night attack on a fortress soon after, allowed to act for eight minutes, so that its usual any one possessing a cool and unembarrassed under. to hear myself called loudly from the head of the effects might fairly begin before the antidote was standing in his endeavours to put them into execu. company (Í occupying my post in the rear, as we administered. The white of light eggs was then tion.

advanced in subdivisions to the breach), by Ned Fla. given ; and after several severe fits of vomiting, the

nagan, of Galway town, Captain x—'s covering animal became apparently free from pain, and in five

serjean "Mr Hartigan, Mr Hartigan! Come up, days was quite well. According to Peschier, the STORY OF CAPTAIN X

come up, quick, and lade the company-be captain's white of one egg is required to render four grains of (BY THE AUTHOR OF TRAITS OF TRAVEL.]" run away already." the poison innocuous. Its virtues have also been put DURING my career of service I have met with num

Every one knows what a hot affair Fuente d'Onore to the proof in the human suliject with equally fa. bers of brave men, and a few cowards. I have seen

wasbut no one took it so coolly as Captain Xvourable results; numerous cases are recorded of its

The village had been taken and retaken several times, courage and sear display themselves in various ways, success, and a few years ago it was the means of sav.

und many modifications, but I never met with but till a final charge, in which our regiment bore a part, ing the life of Mons. Thenard, a distinguished che

one instance of a thorough mixture of audacity with drove the enemy out, and left us in possession of the mist

. While at lecture, this gentleman inadvertently poltroonery, of the basest faint-heartedness with pre. place. As we forded the river, in close column of swallowed, instead of water, a mouthful of a strong sence of mind.

companies, Captain X-quietly slipped behind, solution of corrosive sublimate ; but having immedi.

On joining the regiment to which I exchanged, for and touk up a position among the rubbish of an old eggs, which he was fortunate enough to procure in five ther officers to whom I was presented by the major ately perceived the error, he sent for the white of the sake of serving in Spain, the very first of my bro-house, which afforded him a fine view of the busia minuter. He suffered no material harm, and without the prompt use of the antidote, he would almost infal- cornmanding, was the captain of the company to which on, a Scotsman, who was by hereditary right as brave I was attached. I never was so prepossessed in favour

as a lion, turned round suddenly to the adjutant, and libly have perished."

- ?" Sugar of lead (acetate of lead), and Goulard's ex

of any one at first sight. He was a fine handsome asked him, “Where is Captain x-
young man, of most elegant address, full of ready wit,

“Hiding under that wall, sir,” answered the adju. tract (subacetate of lead), are sometimes taken acci. and apparently burning with military ardour. He was tant, pointing to the reconnoiterer: dentally ; and here the phosphate of soda is an excel. a prodigious favourite in the regiment. Nothing could

" That's too bad !" exclaimed the indignant colo. not vomit, it will be necessary to make him do so by took to instil a portion of his own gallant spirit into lect antidote, as also Epsom salis . If the patient does exceed his attentions to me, except the pains which he nel... Gallop up to him—at him-over him_and if

he does not rejoin the regiment instantly, cut him giving an emetic of the sulphate of zinc. Many dismine.

down on the spot !" The adjutant rode tiercely up eases are caused by this metal ; lead..miners, smelters, painters, g laziers, and others who employ it in their

The first time I went into action with this new regi- to him, and burriedly repeated the orders he had re.

ceived. work, are all likely to be seriously affueted by it; but before our brigade was ordered to advance. He was ment, Captain X— was unfortunately taken ill, just

“ Nay, nay, my good friend," said X-, “what's all this would not accord with our purpose were we to obliged to let me lead on his company, and his regret the use of being so confoundedly hasty? Just let me we to delay our observations upon the effect of lead made a deep impression on me. It appeared to me that say a few words in explanation. May I die, my dear upon water until we treat of the adulterations of food; though, I think, he specified his being desperately ill jutant, putting spurs to his horse, and dashing back he suffered more mental anguish than bodily, even

friend, if _”

“ Die and be hanged !" abruptly uttered the ad. but, nevertheless, we shall now shortly allude to that in three places. subject. Most spring waters have liiele or no action

After we had succeeded in driving the enemy from

to his post, where he had scarcely arrived, when a upon lead ; tbe Edinburgh water is an example of this; and the leaden cisterns and pipes used in that and good health, all his spasms having given way to a strong redoubt, the captain joined us, in great spirits the ground, and put an end to his gallant conduct for

musket shot through both his cheeks tumbled him to city are perfectly innocuous. All springs, however,

that day. unfortunately, are not similarly situated, and thus very either "kill or cure" with bim. He almost wept at some violent habitual remedy, which he told me was

As soon as we were thoroughly in for it at Sala. fatal cases are recorded of persons who have been poi. inding that the fighting was all over.

manca, when the grape-shot began to pepper the head soned by drinking spring water which had been kept in leaden reservoirs. Should water contain a minute affair. Captain — was often in the field, but I

We had several snart skirmishes soon after this of the column, and the men dropped right and left,

an officer of ours was seen to throw himself bodily quantity of certain saline matter, though kept in con. never happened to see him through the smoke, except who it was, thought we had another brave fellow

into a dry ditch ; and those who could not distinguish tact for any length of time with lead, it is perfectly harmless; but all salts are not equally efficacions. Dr of a pocket-glass, with which he constantly looked out on one occasion, when he showed great tact in the use

knocked over. But those who identified Captain Christison has demonstrated that complete protection from behind a tree or a mound of earth, and gave or

X- were quite satisfied that he was in safe quar. is afforded by 1-2000th of inuriate of soda (common ders with great coolness to me and the other subal

As soon as the business of that hard-foughe day salt), 1.4000th of sulphate of soda, and 1-27,000th of

was well and thoroughly done, we had ceased firing, phosphate of soda. But even the spring water which terns, to advance aud retreat as occasion required.

In a storming business, when I was detached with officer was dimly observed through the smoke that

and were charging after the broken enemy, when an has no sensible action upon lead, may acquire the ca. pability of acting on it by substances which may have

a few men, a serious accident was near happening to been received into it, such as leaves, for instance ; and I returned to the regiment, I received a pressing reCaptain X As soon as the place was taken, and

was clearing off, about fifty yards in front of our line,

waving his hat with its long streaming feather, in one bence the necessity of keeping leaden cisterns very quest to repair immediately to him, as he reared he was hand, and flourishing his sword in the other, cheerclean ; and also a reason why rain or river water should not be kept in such reservoirs. But, on the

at his last gasp_dreadfully wounded. I ran to his ing on the regiment, with sbouts of most vociferous whole, there can be no doubt that the mode of preserve quarters, in a house just nnder the rampart, to which valour. A roar of laughter burst along the line, and ing water intended for food or drink'in leaden cisterns regiment on my way, foreing him to abandon some he had crawled; and I picked up the surgeon of the became particularly loud when our company joined in

it, for we soon recognised our resuscitated captain, is highly improper; although, as we bave said, pure wa.

and knew better than any others how to appreciate ter exercises no sensible action upon lead, yet the me. other patients to give his whole attention to my friend.

his prowess. We found hitn lying on a mattrass, almost insensible. tal is certainly acted upon when air is mixed with it. The white line which may be seen at the surface of X__?" said I. “What has happened ? where are you hit, my dear ploit, occurred not long after this, at the siege of a

But his best, and, poor fellow, it was his last ex. water so preserved, and where the air is in contact with it, is a carbonate of lead, formed at the expense side.

He could not speak, but placed his hand on his place memorable for the determination of its defence,

as well as the vigour with which it was attacked and of the metal ; and this substance, when taken into the stomach, is highly deleterious. This was the reason

“Let me examine you, Captain X-," said the

carried.

The approaches of the English army were pushed which induced the ancients to condemn, and in some

surgeon. “I have not a minute to lose; we have cases even to forbid, leaden pipes for the conveyance many others wounded officers and men."

on with a frightful proximity to the place ; so much of water; and it would be occasionally well if their sufferer, opening his eyes for the first time. “How

“Ah, my dear doctor, are you there ?" said the blauk at individual officers and men, who had the

so, that the guns from the bastions were fired point practice was in these days adopted. kind this is !—but never mind me hurry off to my they were often hit from cannon of large calibre, with

temerity to raise their heads above the trenches; and Sulphate of potash, or enlphate of soda, is a delicate test for detecting minute portions of lead. Dr Thom. poor fellow-soldiers—it is of little matter what be. son discovered, by means of it, one part of lead in dying manyet you need not exactly say killed in sharpshooters had levelled at them with rifles. comes of me_I am too far gone for help-I am a

as dead a, certainty as though the most unerring 100,000 parts of water. It produces a cloudy appearance in the water if lead be present. Wines are your report; I don't wish to shock my friends too sud

Our entire company was ordered down from the sometimes adulterated by lead ; but of this we shall denly, Merely put me down 'dangerously wounded." camp, on a working party, one fine morning, out of

“What is your wound, sir? Or what nature, I replace another which had taken its place in the

our turn of duty, and not a little to our surprise, to speak when we come to that subject. Poisoning with copper was formerly of common oc

ask you again ?" currence; it even now sometimes occurs, in conse

" It must, I think, have been a cannon shot_I feel trenches during the night, but was almost annihilated

soon after daybreak, by the terrible cannonade from quence of the metal being much used in the fabrication, my side almost battered in that is to say, a spent the enemy's works. One of our subs was killed the

shot." of vessels for culinary and other domestic purposes,

day before, so that Captain — had but myself and or ignorantly resorted to in order to impart a good

• This amusing sketeh being copied from a collection of pioees,

the ensign, a gigantic Kerryman of about twenty years colour to sweet neats and preserves. It seems indeed to have been at one time the custom to make a point which it originally appeared. we are sorry we are unable to give the name of the publication in old, and six feet five inches high, under his command.

We were under cover as sovu as we came withiu range.

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of the enemy's guns; and so hot was the fire, that not the group, and the report was instantly followed by a the chase, and the lowly sheltie, from the wild horses one of us felt disposed to despise the captain's example terrified mixture of groan and shriek from poor X- described by the ancients as small in stature, and co. of keeping as close as possible.

who clasped both bis hands across his breast, and with vered with curly hair and manes ; the majestic New. There were several small redoubts thrown up along a dreadful expression of agony in his face, fell flat on foundland and the snarling cur, from the shepherd's the trenches, from which elevations the officers on duty his back, almost under the feet of the general's horse. dog; and many other examples which we might ad. could keep a sharp eye on the men at work. I stept “ Is it possible !" cried the kind-hearted general, duce: the same causes which regulate the production or rather crept into one of these, to relieve the last his wrath at once appeased. “Who could have of these, so different in aspect from the stock to which surviving officer of the company we replaced. He was thought of his ever dying so fine a death! Well, they owe their origin, have effected those changes of in the act of eating a crust of bread, which his ser. he's gone, poor devil! He was at any rate a clever, character which we often see in the gold and silver vant had procured bim for breakfast; and as he was a pleasant fellow, and a gentleman-ay, every inch, fish. leaving his post to my occupation, he iucautiously but his heart-but be could not belp that! 'Here, But leaving this interesting subject, we find the raised his head, to look at the hostile ramparts, when soldiers, throw one of those greatcoats over the body original habitat, or place of abode, of these fishes to it was carried clean away by a twenty-four pound of your captain, and bear him to the camp. We could be a lake situated on a high mountain in China, called shot, and the body knocked several yards out of the after all, have better spared a better man.'

Tsienking, in the province of The-kiang, and about redoubt.

With this quotation, the general coolly trotted off the 30th degree of latitude. They seem easily adapted These were not pleasant occurrences for any man's with his aide-de-camp and orderly, in the midst of a to a great variety of climate, for they have been na. comfort, but least of all so to one of Captain shower of shot and shells. The ensign and myself turalised in many parts of the world. According to temperament. I was scarcely settled in the redoubt, were too much shocked by what had passed to think Block, they were introduced into this country in 1611, when I saw him moving towards me along the trench, of any thing for a minute or two, but the fate of our since which they have become great favourites with stooping inuch lower than the utmost prudence recaptain, and we stood gazing after the body, as it was There are now few nursery gardens we would quired, and he soon came crawling into the redoubt, borne away, the limbs already stiffening before it was particularly mention the Messrs Lodiges', near Lob. requesting me to change places with him, and take the out of sight.

don, and that of Mr Page at Southampton-07 gen. command of the whole party, as he wished much to What was the astonishment of the general, who tlemen's shrubberies in England, which do not boast sketch the bactions of the fortress ; and he took out thus pronounced Captain X's funeral oration, on of small pools of water in which they sport, and greatly his sketch-book and pencil for the purpose. I could riding back to the camp about an hour afterwards, to ornament; and they adorn many a drawing room, and not refuse his request, a most unlucky one for him ; see the identical Captain X unharmed, unblush. more humble apartment. With regard to the pool or for had be staid where his duty required, he had mosting, and unabashed, dressed, as was his wont, better pond in which it is wished to cultivate the species, its probably escaped the catastrophe which ensued. than any man in the army, and cantering his little borders should be irregular, and its bottom clear,

I had not changed places with my captain five mi. Arabian pony along the lines with a feather stream. smooth, and free from weeds; a few branches of trees nutes, and had just stepped up on the ridge of the ing from his hat nearly as long as the pony's tail ? may be placed in it, upon which the spawn is depo trench where the soldiers worked, to look about, as it | And what was my surprise when I met him the next sited. When the soil rich and loamy, it affords was my duty from time to time to do, when the gene. morning!

sufficient nourishment for the fish ; but when it is of ral of the day galloped up, attended by two aides-de- But this could not last. A significant hint was that a sandy nature, it is necessary to provide them occa. camp, and a couple of orderly dragoons. He was one day conveyed to him from the bighest authority. The sionally with small portions of bread, or of cake made of the bravest of the brave; too brave, indeed, as was following inorning brought him (he said) letters, re- of hempseed. In winter they require little food, proved by his death not long after, on a distant ser. quiring his instant return to England. He set out being then in a very torpid state. When kept in a vice unworthy of his fine talents. He, too, was an

The next Gazette announced his resigna. room, they must oftener be sed, and they delight in Irishman, and knew our regiment well.

tion; and as Captain X- has been ever since an crumbs of bread, the yolks of hard-boiled eggs finely “Who commands this party, Mr Hartigan ?” asked ex-captain, I have nothing more to say of him. minced, small portions of fresh meat, and insects, such he. “I do, sir,” answered I.

as flies, and small snails. In summer, the water in “There is a whole company here, isn't there? Who

which they are placed should be changed at least every is the captain ? where is he?" were the rapid ques.

GOLD AND SILVER FISH.

third day, and much oftener if the weather is warm tions next put.

THERE are many kinds of pets, but among them all and sultry; in winter once a-week will suffice. It is “ There is an entire company-Captain X is the we know of none more attractive than the gold or sil. essential that the opening of the vare or vessel in captain_he is sitting in that redoubt, sir,” were my ver fish. Alike ornamental to the richly furnished which the fish are kept, should be very wide and free. immediate answers.

The colour of the fish varies with its age : during “Sitting in that redoubt! What is he doing there ? ) boudoir, redolent with luxurious elegance, and to the its first year it is nearly black, while a few silvery Hark ye, sir,” added he, addressing our finger-post of humble cottage window-sill where meekly blooms the spots merely indicate the brilliant colours it is after. an ensign, "you have long legs ; step out then quickly sweetly smelling wallflower, the crystal vase, or unpre- wards to inherit; these spots, however, soon extend, go to that redoubt, and bring back Captain X- tending earthen bowl, in which, glistening with beauty, and, uniting, we have the silver fish: it is only in here instantly. Stoop, sir-stoop low-lower, I tell

'sport the silver fry,” cannot fail to attract the admi. after-lise that it assumes its splendid golden hue. The you, or you'll not have a head left on your shoulders."

, The intrepid Kerryman strode along, but cared no- ration, and solicit the affections, even of the cold and which is sometimes found in very young individuals: thing for the general's caution, and scorned the shel- callous-hearted. The beauty, and elegance, and the others, when old, altogether lose their golden livery: ter of gabions or fascines. When he came to the re- rapidity of the movements of the fish, excite our won. their colour fades, and again becomes silvery; in which doubt, he summoned out the captain, repeating verba. der; and the facility with which they are tamed and state, from their greater size, and often having three tim the general's speech.

lobes to their tail, some naturalists have supposed them 66 What a hothcaded fellow !” exclaimed Xmade to know their master, demands our attention to

a distinct species : this, however, is not the case. In “Go back to him, my trusty ensign, and tell him I

a curious example of the power of art and persever- extreme age, the silver hue degenerates into simple am taking a sketch of the first importance; I am ance of man in conquering nature herself. All know white; and when inhabiting a large pond, the fish proving the engineers to have been all wrong. Tell the effects of domestication and educa:ion upon the often attains to a foot in length. The great beauty him the service will absolutely suffer if he disturbs horse and the dog, by which these generous animals of the golden and the silver fish, the transparency of The ensign strode back again, and delivered this vient to his wants and necessities, by means of the

their fins, the brilliancy of their colours, and the fa. have become not merely useful to man and subser.

cility with which they are tamed, render them uni. message to the general, who was moving about busily, physical powers which they possess, but they have even

versal favourites, and we know none more adapted to giving various orders around him.

amuse, if not instruct, the kind and gentle-hearted. Taking a sketch ! The engineers all wrong!

been made to be his protector when in danger, and What an impudent scamp! D'ye hear me, sir-go bis friend and companion, faithful alike in adversity back-tell your captain, once again, that I order him and prosperity. But this is not so strange as is the

BOOK-PUFFING A CENTURY AGO. to come here ; and if he refuses, drag him neck and extent to which the nature and habits of these fishes In the Life of Daniel De Foe, connected with Ballan. beels out of the redoubt, and up to this spot."

have been overcome. Protected by the element in tyne's Novelist's Library, and written, it is under. “I'll tell you what, my friend,” said Xwhich they are placed, naturally independent and

stood, by the late Mr John Ballantyne, some remarks ply to this second summons, and hoping that, while careless of the protection of man, and deaf to his com. he temporised, the general would take himself off-or, i manding voice, still these obstacles have been over.

are made upon the art which the author of Robinson possibly, that he might be taken off-“I'll tell you come, and the gold and silver fish been taught to seek Crusoe eminently possessed of giving an appearance what "

his aid, and to rely npon him for support. In China, of reality to the fictitions incidents which he under. " Don't give yonrself the trouble to tell me any where the domestication of these animals forir s a great took to relate. The biographer suggests that the thing, Captain * but come out of this imme. portion of the amusements of the females, whose ha. diately, I tell you again,” said the ensign. At this bits are sedentary and resources few, a great degree of

secret of this dexterity lay in his assuming the homely instant his cap, which was visible above the wall, perfection has been attained ; they have been made to colloquial language which might be expected to prowas knocked off his head, perforated by a cannon distinguish a peculiar sound made by those from whom ceed from the individuals whom he represents as reball.

they receive their food ; they even recognise their lating the incidents, and in his throwing in here and “ God bless me, what a narrow escape ! -how very footsteps at a distance; they come at their call; they

there certain characteristic traits of narration, such lucky that you were not three inches taller !ex. feed from their hands, and suffer themselves to be freely claimed the captain. “Never mind whether I'm tall examined by individuals with whom, if we may use

as are generally thought to mark the eyewitness. or little, Captain X" said the Kerryman, coolly the expression, they are acquainted. A great change, “ Those," he remarks, "who are in the habit of atclapping the sbattered cap on his head again. “I'll too, is brought about by domestication in the appear. tending courts of justice during the leading of eri. tell you what: the short and the long of it is, if you ance of the fish. In many the size of the fins is con. dence, frequently hear, not only from men or women don't come with me, quietly and by fair manes, l'll siderably increased, while in others they are equally

of observation, but from 'iron-witted fools and un. drag you out of it, dead or alive; so come along, I diminished ; in some, the dorsal or back fin is re. advise you. duced to a few rays, or entirely obliterated, and re.

respective boys,' such striking circumstances as the X-finding all resistance or subterfuge to be vain, placed by a single or double hump, somewhat similar following :--A horrible murder had been committed stood slowly up and followed the Kerryman along the to that of the camel or dromedary; the other fins, too, by a man upon a person whom he had invited into his trench; muttering that “a man's life was not safe a often become changed in their character, being some- house in friendship; they were alone together when minute on service with these infernal mad-brained times cleft into two or three separate portions ; while the deed was done, and the murderer, throwing on Irishmen."

as frequently two distinct fins supply the place of one. : The enemy seeing a general officer so elose, sent But although these strange changes are brought about his coat, hastily left the house before the deed was their missiles towards us in double quantities. One by the care of man, they nevertheless are not, as they discovered. A child of twelve or thirteen years old of the orderlies was literally cut across with a shot, might at first sight appear to be, the result of a blind

gave evidence that she was playing in the under part and an aide-de-camp's horse severely struck with the and uncertain chance. It has been shown that these of the dwelling, and heard the accused person run splinter of a shell. Captain X-saw all this as he changes of structure progress in a regular and fixed

hastily down stairs, and stumble at the threshold. came forward ; and by way of ending the business, order; that the same laws which govern the producand stopping the general's inouth, he beld forth the tion of all the varieties of red and white cabbage, She said she was very much frightened at the noise little sketch-book, and began some stammering sen. greens, cauliflowers, and broccolis, from one insigni. she heard ; and being asked whether she had ever tence.

ricant weed ; the delicious peach from a poisonous before thonght of being frightened by a man running “ Not a word, not a word, but listen to me, sir !" Syrian tree ; and the numerous kinds of apple from hurriedly down stairs, she replied no; but the noise said the general.

" Resume your place here do your the sour and unpalatable crab in the vegetable king. then made was like no other she had ever heard be'uty, or I'll make you such an example as never dom; and, in the animal kingdom, the fleet racehorse,

Here the general was himself stopped short, by the whose eyes sparkle with emulation, and the ambling, fore. The poet of the most active imagination would explosion of another shell, directly over the heads of I slow, and patient mule; the proud hunter exulting in | bardly have dared to ascribe such impressive effects

me."

in re

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