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VITALITY.

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abode of her childhood, and she felt that in the depths suffering and disappointment.” " I have learnt no- a period, terminate their being in death. Not one of and fulness of domestic love, there was even more thing by it,” again repeated Caroline. “ I think you all these qualities pertains to inorganic bodies ; in power than wealth can bestow. In one of those fits have ; you have learnt that wealth and fashion can: them we perceive neither growth nor decay, birth, rewas brought to Caroline ; she opened it, and

found it the only nobility in our land,

worth possessing, is de production, nor death. We have thus a strong line was from Horace, informing her “that the favourite rived from talent and virtue.”

drawn between living and inanimate bodies, and the wish of his heart was now accomplished ; Benson was,

actions which distinguish the former are very correctly after all that had passed, to become his brother, and

termed organic. But though in this term are comthat the day was appointed for the marriage to take POPULAR INFORMATION ON SCIENCE.

prised all the phenomena exhibited in vegetable life, place between him and Fanny. “My predictions with regard to him," he added,

the vital properties of animals are by no means cirare fast fulfilling; he is attaining eminence in his The connection between mind and matter is a subject cumscribed within the same limits. Sensation and profession. I am commissioned by my parents, as well of so much interest and importance, that we cannot voluntary motion, or, in other words, the power of as the parties, to request that you and Mr Burrell be surprised at the attention which has at all times feeling, and of moving in accordance with that feeling, will come on to the nuptials. They are to be private, been paid to it. Hippocrates, the earliest inquirer are the endowments which elevate the animal as much and without show; but it is pleasant for families to

into medicine and physiology of whom we have any above the plant, as the latter transcends the stone in congregate on these occasions. You need have no apprehension about Benson ; he views your former en- remaining writings, found it necessary, in explaining the quarry. These actions, peculiar to animal life, are gagement with him much in the same light as you do, the functions and operations of the animal frame, to called animal, in contradistinction to the organic; and one most happily set aside." With what anguish was establish a certain vital principle, which he termed under one or other of these two classes may be included this

There was still, however, a pleasure in the idea of Physis, and to which he ascribed the superintendence every vital action performed by living creatures. going in style to the humble nuptials of her sister. of all the corporeal actions, acknowledging at the Under the head of the organic processes are comWhen Mr Burrell entered, she informed him of the same time the separate existence of a mind or soul. prehended the functions of nutrition, respiration, cirinvitation. Go, and welcome,” said he, “but don't This doctrise was founded, no doubt, on the fact culation, secretion, and excretion. Of all these, it is ask me.” “ Shall I travel with two horses or four ?" that some of the most important functions of the evident, the circulation of the blood is in some degree asked the lady. “Oh, four by all means; the stage body are altogether independent of the power of the the most important, since all the others may be concoach is the best way of travelling.” “You surely do not mean to let your wife go in the public stage ?" mind, though indispensable to life. The ancient sidered as subservient to it, and its cessation for a time, “Why not ?-it was the way in which you were ac

Greek attributed to the physis, or principle of vitality, as in fainting, is a temporary death. The action of customed to travel before we became acquainted.” a certain degree of intelligence, which enabled it to the heart, then, on which the motion of the blood de“Mr Burrell, it would be disgraceful to you to sufo direct the operations entrusted to its guidance. It is pends, is one of the most obvious and most unequivocal fer me to travel in that manner. home ; the carriage and horses, I suppose, you will wonderful how long this theory continued, under va- characteristics of animal life.

Admitting this, we allow are mine; I had the carriage built for my own

rious names, to hold its place in physiological science, will be less surprised at the importance ascribed to it convenience ; I am going a journey next month, and without any attempt to explain its character or pro- by some physiologists, who have placed the vital prin.. shall want it. It is much better for you to go in the perties. It had “a local habitation and a name," but ciple in the blood itself; a supposition which has met style of your family." “ This is intolerable," said

was neither tangible, visible, nor intelligible. This with the ridicule of other writers. “It is as incorrect," Caroline, with a vehemence that sometimes overcame her usual tact ; " to be the wife of a man that is worth reproach is in some measure wiped away from modern says the late Dr Gordon, “ to say that blood enjoys millions, and derive no advantage from his wealth.” philosophy, because there is now before the world a life

, as it is to maintain that malt possesses distillation. “ Is it no advantage, madam, to live in a house like theory, which, whether true or not true, at least Blood is the material employed in the process, life this, to visit in the first circles, and to wear diamonds aseribes the phenomena of life to an agent intelligible the process itself.” In the human body, the great when you please ?” None,” said she, the truth

to a considerable extent in its nature and operation. importance of the animal processes is very obvious, forcing its way, “compared to what I relinquished.' "And pray, madam, what did you relinquish ?” This is the great power which, under some of its nu- since through them alone man is connected with ex

What you, had you lavished upon me all the wealth, merous modifications, appears to pervade all matter ternal nature; the brain, the material organ of thought, to which, as your wife, I am entitled, could never and space—the subtle electric fluid.

and all the system of nerves, falling under this divihave procured me-self-approbation !”

One of the first persons who pointed out the strong sion. And not only are the animal actions important We sometimes from habit, or want of thought, rely too much upon the obtuseness of minds that we esti- reseinblance between some of the phenomena of elec- to us, as the medium through which we are at every mate lowly. This was the case with Caroline. She tricity and the operations of the animal frame, was

instant receiving impressions from the objects around in several instances had suffered her disgust or indig- the illustrious anatomist John Hunter. In his time us, for the purpose of supplying the frame with the nation to vent itself in words, of which she did not the knowledge of physiology and anatomy had ad necessary support and other purposes essential to exrealise the strength. The undisciplined prepare scor- vanced so far, that the old physis, or nature, of Hip- which unites the various parts of the body into one

istence, but they also must be viewed as the sole bond pion whips for themselves. Her ill-disguised con

pocrates, the moving principle of Aristotle, the anima great and harmonious whole. The instant that any tempt and aversion first broke down the common barriers of forbearance; and when her husband be- or soul of Stahl, &c. were very generally rejected as one of the senses receives an impression from without, came convinced that she had no affection for him, ridiculous ; but at this point the advancement had with the rapidity of a lightning-flash the nerve athe heartily repaid her aversion. Scenes of accusa- stopped. When Mr Hunter's theory was brought for- tached to the individual sense communicates with the tion and retort followed. Burrell assured her she

common centre of perception, and an idea of the exhad full permission to return to her boasted home, ward, mankind, cautioned by the failure of all his and remain there as long as she pleased. Caro- predecessors, were slow in giving admission to it; and ternal object is at once attained. With the same wonline replied, that it was the first wish of her heart ; even in the half century which has nearly passed since, derful celerity is the will of the being conveyed from but, as his wife, she was entitled to a suitable main, it has been gaining credence only by slow degrees, the centre of volition to the most distant part of the

It would be painful and useless to detail though numerous corroborating facts have been ob- frame, and its commands obeyed. That the brain and the low altercations that followed, before a paltry pit: served from time to time. Before stating the grounds operations, is doubted by none; but how such a trans

nervous system are the important agents in these manner they parted, and with what sensations she which led Mr Hunter to the proposition of the electric mission of sensations is effected, has been the subject returned to her early home. In one sense she had theory of life, it will be necessary to state briefly what of endless disputation. If there really is a subtle and accomplished all for which she had panted—wealth, the phenomena are which he proposes to explain by invisible agent passing along the course of the nerves, fashion, and diamonds; and her present allowance its means.

and resident to a certain extent in the system, serving she was at liberty to dignify by the name of pin money.

as the universal medium of communication, its im. The morning before her departure, she gave orders to

It cannot be said that life is inseparable from, or

portance to life, if it is not the vital energy itself, a servant to desire her creditors to send in their bills resides in, any particular modification of form or or- cannot be questioned. All muscular motion, includto Mr Burrell the ensuing week. His rage may easily ganisation, for the forms of living bodies are infinite, ing the action of the heart and arteries, the sensibibe imagined, when they poured in upon him; but after and in almost all of them, both form and organisation lity of every organ in the body, and the execution of consulting gentlemen of the laxv, he concluded to pay remain unchanged long after the animating principle three principal theories regarding .the nature of this them, Caroline arrived in season to witness the nuptials of has left the body possessing them. Neither can it be

nervous energy are the following: The first assumes her sister. What a contrast to her own! For the maintained for a moment that life consists in sensa- the existence of a specific power, altogether unique in first time, she felt, that, if there is a paradise on earth, tions or voluntary motion, because, by disease or by its nature, secreted from the blood in the brain, which it is formed by mutual affection. How could she help accident

, portions of the human body, nay, the whole evolves it, as occasions require, over the whole body. comparing Benson, in all the grace of youthful intel- of it sometimes, has been deprived for a long period of ready, from Hippocrates ; but, unfortunately, though lect and manly beauty, to Burrell ! The thought was aguny, and, unable to command her tears, she flew to sense and motion, all the involuntary functions which venerable for its antiquity, the theory is incapable of her room. Horace followed her, and begged for ad- distinguish the sleep of man from death still remaining the slightest proof, and it would be a mere waste of mission. My dear brother,” said she, “I return in vigour. One remarkable instance is on record of a

words to examine it. The second doctrine supposes to you an altered creature. I detest the very sound sailor, who, having received a blow on the head in the that the transmission of nervous power is effected by folly in supposing there could be happiness in either. island of Minorca, was deprived for seven months of ticles of the nervous matter itself ; while the third I only wish now to forget all that has passed, and I all sense and motion, and was restored to the posses- ascribes the action of the nerves to the operation hope you will forget it too." No, Caroline, I can- sion of all his faculties by the operation of trepanning, of electricity. The former of these has the adnot forget it, nor do I wish you to forget the past. If in London. Since vitality, then, is not inseparably de- vantage of not requiring the supposition of any agent; we rightly remember our errors, they become even

but it is to be doubted if it has any other merit. tually sources of improvement. An author has ob / pendent on sensation, for this we see may be totally Its supporters maintain, that, when an impression served, that in every one's life there have been suspended for a long time; since neither is it resident in has been made upon an 'organ' of sense, the effect is thousands of feelings, each of which, if strongly seized any particular form of organisation, for living bodies ex- continued for some time after the impressing cause upon, and made the subject of reflection, would have hibit endless varieties of form ; some other characteris- is removed, and that it gradually subsides in a way shown us what our character was, and what it was likely to become. In the early aspirations of your between animated and inanimate matter. The power ledge of the rapid action of the nervous power, and tic marks must be sought for in drawing the distinction analogous to a vibratory motion. This is, howa

ever, a supposition highly inconsistent with our know. mind, you may read your history thus far ; do not, therefore, strive to banish wholesome reflection, but of appropriating or absorbing quantities of foreign also with the fact that that power can be transmitted, convert it to its best purposes, moral discipline.” “I matter as food, and of converting this food into notwithstanding the destruction of a portion of the nerve am sure,” said Caroline, “I have had enough of dis- their own proper substance, is the best characteristic in action. Many proofs of this have been observed, cipline since I married, and I don't see that I am at both of living animals and vegetables. They have and must weigh strongly with every inquirer into this all the better for it.”

theory, because any breach of continuity must cer“There is no magical power in discipline that com

also the property of maintaining a certain tempera- tainly put an effectual barrier to the propagation of pels us to improve,” said Horace; “but it is our own

ture; they derive their existence from a parent ; they the vibratory action. The same argument cannot be fault if we do not accept improvement from lessons of can produce an image of themselves, and they all, after I used against the third doctrine, which holds the ner.

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vous en argy to depend on electricity, as we know that the course of the nerves), are considered as central

as a troop of uncultivated wretches ? I once remon. a slight breach of continuity would not impede the points from, and to, which electrical or nervous sensapassage of the electric fluid, more particularly when tions proceed, we have an explanation of all the mo

strated with a German with whom I was intimate, on the parts of the body surrounding the divided nerve tions and feelings that are under the power of the will, the frightful crime he was committing by picking his might act as partial conductors.

but still the action of the heart, and all the other in- | teeth with a fork. “You English," said he, “are the The early experiments of Volta and others on the voluntary motions, remain to be accounted for. Here strangest people under the sun. You pay attention to subject of electricity, showed its astonishing effects on a portion of the nervous system, long observed and the absurd pieces of finical nonsense, and sometimes the muscles of some animals, and its power in produce described by anatomists, but little understood, finds a ing actions in them analogous to the phenomena of distinct use. This is the great sympathetic branch of forget the essence of good breeding. Look at your life. When applied to the human body, its operations the nervous system, from which all the organic actions countryman opposite there : is not his superciliouswere found to be not less wonderful, and suggested of the body are supplied in part with their necessary ness of a more insulting nature to the company ? Is without doubt the electric theory of life. It ought, exciting power. The numerous ganglia, or knobs, on not the scorn which he expresses for every one around, perhaps, to be explained, that controversies have long the great sympathetic nerve, have been sometimes existed on the subject of the contractile power of the termed little brains ; but their purpose is confessed, by the simple action of putting a fork into one's mouth

a crime much more deep against good-breeding than the muscu:lar fibre itself, while others believe in its The utility of such a separate system of nerves for the with nothing upon it ?" derivation from the nerves. Physiologists in general service of the involuntary functions of the body, is evi

Such questions were somewhat difficult to answer ; are now inclined to admit that the intervention of dent, since for them, to a certain extent, a system sethe nervous energy is necessary in all those muscles parate from that affected by the will, is required. and, upon reflection, I think the German had sense which are under the power of the will, though it is Thus, upon this point also, the electric hypothesis of on his side. Every nation has its peculiar foibles, and still doubted whether the involuntary muscles, such sensation is not devoid of resources or probability. One of course we have ours. An English baronet, a memas the heart, are dependent on the same stimulus. The of the most ardent supporters of the electric, or, as he ber for a large town, declared in my hearing that the probability that they are so, will be explained after calls it, the electro-magnetic principle, is Mr Cunning; disgraceful conduct of the high sheriff of his county, wards. It is through the nerves that the electric fluid ham of the British navy. This gentleman, who is of has been applied to the muscles of the dead human the medical profession, considers the hair as the prin- at whose right hand he sat at a public dinner, had body; and we shall mention one instance, related by cipal medium through which electro-magnetism is sup- obliged him to leave the table. Now, this disgraceful Dr Ure, where the effect produced was fearfully simi- plied to the body, when a partial exhaustion has taken conduct consisted in eating cheese with a knife. Thus, lar to life. The experiment was made on the body of place. Among other proofs of the activity of the hair peculiar fancies regulate the notions of refined breeda murderer, who had suffered for his guilt in Glasgow, in this respect, he informs us that the superior hairy ing in every country, and it is at all times best to resome years ago. Certain nerves were laid bare, and structure of man gives him a muscular as well as inan instrument of great power was brought to bear on tellectual superiority over woman, whose silkier hair spect them, and, with as much versatility as possible, them. At the instant of contact, the corpse started and downy covered skin precludes a suficiency of elec- to assume the habits, if not the opinions, of the into apparent life, striking a bystander forcibly with tro-magnetism being received or emitted when great different nations amongst which destiny may throw one of the arms, as it rose to a sitting position. The intellectual or muscular efforts are demanded. This

you. face was convulsed in the most terrific manner, sur- is but one out of numberless conjectures which this passing, according to the description, the wildest re- extraordinary writer presents to his readers, and to A summer evening in Hamburg is delightful. The presentations of a Fuseli or a Kean. Some of the which it is needless in this place further to advert. street upon which the Hotel de Russie is situated, the gentlemen fainted, others left the room, and all were

Jungfernstieg (Young Ladies' Walk), runs along the glad to put an end to the horrible exhibition. The effect produced by the electric fluid on the nerves, A FEW DAYS AT HAMBURG.

Alster, a broad sheet of water, round the sides of which and through them on the muscles, of the dead body, Of all the towns in Germany, Hamburg is perhaps is a promenade, with trees on each side. Upon this may be in some respects compared to the convulsed the most agreeable to an Englishman, as he here finds promenade in an evening appears the entire population. sons in whom, from disease or insanity, the balancing his own language spoken so generally, that he scarcely Bands of music play at the doors of all the cafés which power of the mind is unsettled ; and, considering the feels himself in a foreign country. The drivers of line the water, and upon the Alster itself are numberbrain as a centre of the nervous energy, the resem- hackney-carriages, the boatmen on the Elbe, the less boats filled with the young of both sexes, who keep blance arises, according to the electrical hypothesis, waiters at hotels, all have a smattering of nglish;

up a perpetual concert of vocal as well as instrumental from the irregular application and action of the power and even theatrical representations are repeatedly

music. Sometimes you hear a solitary voice, which in both cases.

Besides the property, visible on the simplest trial, of given in our own dear tongue. The sensation is al- you recognise for a female's, the beauty of which has exciting muscular contraction, on which all locomo- together different from that which is felt at entering silenced the playful throng. Then again a warlike tion depends, some celebrated experiments were made other strange towns, for the moment you disembark clang meets the ear, and anon a plaintive melody. The upon the digestive apparatus of animals, which go far from the London steamer, you are saluted in your own

wondrous music of the Der Freyschutz now quickens to prove an equal influence on that part of the animal language. No sooner have you gone through the the pulsation, whilst lofty thoughts are engendered, as to state that electricity and galvanism are held in this formality, at the floating custom-house on the Elbe, the Zauberflöte, with its solemn strains, floats along

the surface of the water. As you stand upon the paper as merely modifications of the same principle ; of declaring your name and standing, than you enan opinion now very generally received in science, and counter a crowd of porters and coachmen. “A coach, bridge over the Alster, having it between you and the indeed almost beyond doubt. The galvanic power sir ?” “Where do you want your luggage carried to,

town, and contemplate in the twilight the scene before was employed in the experiments mentioned, which

and around you, the mind is struck with its variety consisted in the division of the nerves on which the sir ?” meet you from a hundred voices. action of the stomach bas been thought to depend, Depositing yourself in a coach, and carried to the and beauty. The water, spreading out before you, is

studded with the little boats of vocalists and musicians. thus destroying the nervous connection of the latter Hotel de Russie, you have still nothing but the verwith the brain. This was done in two animals, to nacular. “Do you wish a sitting-room, or merely a bed on the land, the thickly crowded promenades present both of which food was subsequently given. The one room, sir ?” is the question of the Herr Wiedeman, as

the eye with a moving mass scarce distinguishable, animal was left to itself, and on examination, after a

whilst the hum of voices breaks upon the ear in the proper period, the food was found undigested. Through he receives you, smoking his yard of clay. ihe stomach of the other animal a galvanic current How agreeable this is, will be appreciated by those intervals of the music. In the distance, the brilliantly was transmitted, and digestion went on as if the who have travelled much and far, and have been in lighted cafés, some of them upon the very water, with nerves had not been at all injured ; proving, with as situations where the ignorance of a barbarous Scla- their crowded saloons, have a magical appearance, and much certainty

as the subject admits of, that digestion, vonic dialect was attended with the privation of every recal to the mind the gorgeousness of Bagdad or of as well as locomotion, may be set in action to some

Cairo in their golden day. The brilliant lights upon extent by the operation of the electro-galvanic power. necessary convenience. If we find in those wonderful animals, the torpedo,

At the table d'hôte, English divides the conversa

the surface of the water throw into gloom the lofty

houses of the street, and space is given to the imaginaconger, and others, a nervous system unusually large, tion with German, and an opportunity is afforded you tion to roam in its wildest range. You may pass in it must surely go a great way to impress the belief of enjoying an entertaining meal. The waiters are that their electrical power resides in that system. And all attention : “What wine do you take p” says one, reverie to the glories of faded cities, and create them not only is this the case, but it is well known that their electricity is never exhausted without the nervous handing you a card with the various qualities and again in pristine splendour. system being reduced to a similar state. The number prices. “What would you wish to eat ?" asks an- How happy are these people ! thought I, as I broke and magnitude of the nerves in these animals

, besides other, holding before your nose a card of the multifa- from the dream of fancy into which I was rapidly fallbeing entirely disproportionate to their size, seem ne- rious viands.

ing. With such music— with such a joyous scene cessary neither for their motion, nor for their sub

The scene at a German table d'hôte is infinitely before them, misery can have no tale to tell. I turned sistence, which would lead us to believe that they are intended for the formation, collection, and manage amusing and cheering. Every one seems disposed to my eyes over the opposite parapet of the bridge, and ment of the electric fluid. The structure and textures enjoy the fleeting hour. All dull and freezing for- looked upon the Alster, which, after being dammed of their brain and nerves are different in nothing but mality is laid aside, but a propriety of behaviour and into a narrow channel over which the bridge is thrown, magnitude from those of animals not endowed with gentle courtesy is observed, which is altogether charm- expands again into a broad sheet of water. Immewhole analogy, these powers are subject to the will of ing. It speaks the character of the country. The diately below the bridge, is placed across the stream a the creatures which possess them.

calm and sedate German yet knows well how to en- barrier with a guard-house, to prevent any ingresad “A variety of facts clearly proves the electric Auid hance the pleasures of life, and, without indulgence into the town after the time of shutting the gates. It to he essentially connected with the human frame; it in excess, promotes hilarity and good-fellowship. A sometimes happens that water-parties returning from will dart from long hair when combed in frosty weather; French or Italian table d'hôte is altogether different. excursions up the Alster, arrive too late, and must it will inflate a silk stocking when drawn from the leg: There the noise of tongues is quite deafening ; nor is land at this guard-house, leaving their boat to take In damp and hazy weather, when electricity is carried off from bodies by humidity, our spirits become lan that regard to extreme cleanliness, and the outward care of itself. Upon this evening a party of young guid, and our sensibility less acute; the nerves lose signs of comfort, so scrupulously attended to, either men were thus intercepted. “ Who's there?” cried their tension and elasticity: and on high mountains by the host or the guests. Whatever may be the opi- the sentinel, as the splashing of the oar was heard. spontaneous flashes have darted from the fingers, the nion of French politeness, I do confess the decorum “ Open the gate," said a voice in English, adding the body containing more than the surrounding rarified and quiet suavity of the German appears to me equally usual courteous imprecation. and conducting air ; an electric shock has given tone

“ Is it past nine?" asked to a flaccid fibre, and restored the languid circulation entitled to admiration. A person always finds in an- a German in the boat. “Yes, long past nine,” replied of a local part to the condition of the rest of the body. Other country some observances which are revolting the sentinel, standing on the platform of his guardInsulated and connected with the conductor, the pul- to him. It is his notions of propriety only that are house.“ Take care and don't go near the barrier, for sation is increased, and even the last effort of expiring offended, net, perhaps, propriety itself. Thus we are fear of the iron spikes. You must land here.” “What's life is called into action by electricity, when every taught to consider the picking of teeth with a fork as to be done with the boat, then?” other stimulant would fail."-Walker's Lectures.

“ One of you can If the brain, the spinal marrow, and the ganglia a most unpardonable abomination, yet the Germans stay and guard it all night, if you please ; at four in (knobs situated in certain parts of the body along I do it universally. Are they, therefore, to be set down the morning the barrier will be opened.” “Stay all

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night on the water !” cried they in the boat; “. we will government, which she had come to Hamburg to en- The scheme of female education which we are deforce the barrier first.” “ Force the barrier !” ex-joy. This last misfortune had, I was subsequently sirous of introducing to general notice, was originated claimed the sentinel in a sneering tone; “ if you go told, bereaved her of her senses, and rendered her in Edinburgh in the autumn of 1834. It is exemplinear it, you'll swamp the boat. Mind I tell you.” mind a perfect wreck. She sank into a morose mad-fied in two institutions, the elder and original of which “ What does the ruffian say?" asked the voice in ness, and her sensibilities were aroused only when, at is denominated “the Scottish Institution for the EducaEnglish.

some lucid interval, the recollection of her son came tion of Young Ladies," and conducted after the folÅt this moment the sound of a concussion was heard, across her mind. At such times she would weep and lowing plan. A large house, in an elegant part of the and immediately after a loud splash. A body had call upon his name, until the excess of her feelings city, and connected with some of the beautiful ornafallen into the water. “ I told you so," said the sen- again chased away reason, and she relapsed into moral mented grounds which we had lately occasion to tinel. Somebody overboard !" “ It's an English- nonentity.

describe, is set apart for the use ef the institution, man,” cried they in the boat; “ quick ! quick! bring

being placed, with a regard to general management, a light !”

under the care of a respectable and accomplished lady, The sentinel brought a glimmering lamp, opening NEW WAY OF EDUCATING YOUNG

who has been accustomed to such a charge. The foun. it, and throwing the light upon the group on the water.

LADIES.

ders and proprietors of the school are a company of It cast a twinkling glare upon the boat, but rendered one of the most agreeable privileges we have felt to teachers, who have associated for the purpose of earwas a contrast to what I had just beheld! To turn of almost universal circulation, is the power it has con- previously in successful professional practice, and whose the gloom around more impenetrable. Here, indeed, belong to us, in the management of a periodical work rying it on, and are the sole adventurers in the under.

taking. The whole of these teachers are individuals those of death and woe, is subject enough of melan- ferred of making known to one place the improvements names, therefore, are in some measure a guarantee for choly. But now my sympathies were roused more that are taking place in another, with a view to their the efficacy of the scheme. The various branches nearly. The voice of a countryman to be heard in a being extended over the empire. We are desirous, in taught are—1, elocution and composition; 2, history foreign land; and, ere its accents were yet hushed, to know that he was in his death-struggle! I would scheme of education for young ladies, which has lately 6, drawing and perspective; 7, mathematics,

astronomy, the present instance, of giving general publicity to a

and geography; 3, writing, arithmetic, and book-keep

ing; 4, theory of music, and the piano-forte; 5, singing; long circuit was requisite to reach the nearest gate of been attempted in Edinburgh, and bids fair to prove, and mathematical geography; 8, French language and the town, through which the guard-house was to be in more respects than one, very highly advantageous. literature; 9, Italian language and literature ; 10, gained. I had therefore to watch the scene in silence

Hitherto, in the education of young ladies, music German language and literature; 11, dancing and and in agony,

calisthenics. Lectures are also delivered in the course 66 What is become of him ? do you see nothing of and one or two similar accomplishments have borne of each season, upon-1, natural philosophy ; 2, che him ?” asked they of each other. Fear and terror had nearly the same disproportion to other and more ne

mistry; 3, botany; 4, geology and mineralogy ; 5, seized upon them all.

cessary studies, which has been borne by classical li- ancient and modern history. For each of these de I shouted in English to the drowning man to give terature in the education of young men. No one partments there is at least one teacher. A young lady, token where he was, but all was silent. Not a move condemns classical literature as a branch of liberal entering on the Ist of October, and continuing to the ment was heard in the water. He must have sunk

close of the session, at the end of July, is considered education, nor would any one desire that music were instantly, and possibly never rose again. The scene

as an annual pupil, and pays five guineas quarterly; was therefore closed. Nothing more could be done, banished from the range of female accomplishments. attendance for shorter periods is, we believe, no part and the party in the boat reluctantly landed. I also But a vast proportion of the thinking persons of this of the plan. For this sum the pupil may attend any turned away, but still kept walking on the banks of realm are disposed to allow that these branches of in- one or the whole of the teachers and lecturers in the the Alster, which are laid out in beautiful shrubberies struction have been too exclusively and too indiscri- establishment at pleasure. It is perhaps not to be deto the edge of the water. How changed were then my minately cultivated. To a great proportion of the

sired that any young person should be instructed in reflections ! Sudden death, how fearful is thy warn

so many branches at once; but, even supposing that ing! Youth cut off in the moment of forgetfulness,

sons of persons in the middle walks of life, classical she attends but one half, the economy and convenience how solemn the lesson! For two hours i paced up literature is not of nearly so much use as many other of the plan are still obvious. The proper time for judge and down watching if any thing could yet be seen. But studies too often sacrificed to it; it is only, moreover, ing of the success of the institution is not yet, perhaps, I saw nothing, and in a melancholy mood I took my a few minds which, in early life, really possess an ap- manifested great anxiety to impressa conviction respect,

arrived. But the teachers, in their first Report, have was the son of the widow of an English officer, who titude to acquire it at all. In like manner, it is only ing the adequacy of the pains taken with each individual had retired to Hamburg upon her pittance from the

a certain, though perhaps larger relative proportion pupil. The time expended upon each is necessarily less government, as a cheap place. Her drowned boy was of young ladies, who are fitted to attain any skill in than what is given in private teaching ; but while, in only twenty, and he had been promised an ensigncy music; while even those who are decidedly apt, must

the musical department, the Logierian system, to which in a couple of months. labour for years before they can communicate much stated by the directors, that, in even the most common

numbers are indispensable, is adopted, it is expressly an act

of necessary duty. I ascertained the place of pleasure by their performances. Hitherto our views and familiar branches, such as English, writing, and her abode, and directed my steps thither. She lived of education for both men and women, but in a more the languages, the classes are not more numerous than in one of those beautiful little houses in the Vorstadt, especial degree for the latter, have been miserably li- those of many popular teachers in town, “no more of the house were closed, and gave token of the deso-writer, with whose sentiments on this point we entirely at least two other advantages. Ás the temper and or suburbs, situated in a small garden. The windows mited. “When Lord Chesterfield,” says a newspaper being admitted than can be efficiently instructed.” lation within. I found the disconsolate mother sitting in her parlour weeping. I related to her how chance concur,“ called women "children of a larger growth, disposition of a pupil do not appear to each master at had made me the sad spectator of the catastrophe his scorn was misdirected. He should have libelled first in the same light, and as an erroneous opinion may which she mourned, and offered such services as a the other sex, who have curtailed the female mind of be hastily formed, which a little mutual communication she. "Then rising and bursting into a flood of tears, cation."Nature, in bestowing the same faculties on stranger might render.“ I have need of none;" said its fair proportions, by a frivolous and enervating edu- among the masters may remove the combination of

so many teachers under one roof is obviously most ad. “Will you'see my boy?" she asked, in an agonising both sexes, clearly indicated that they were to be em

vantageous. By attending, moreover, every requisite

master upon one spot, much inconvenience and loss She led me up the stairs into an apartment where ployed on the same objects. Women require special of time are spared to the pupil. It is thus also possible the dead body lay. It was already in the coffin, but training for the duties of a mother, and men for those for the lady superintendant so to mix recreation with the lid was not yet nailed down.

" They have of a profession. Beyond this, it is nature's dictate, study, that no risk of pursuing the latter to a dangermangled him severely,” said she, as she removed the

ous extent is incurred. covering from his face, and pointed to a deep gash that the whole field of intellectual study (with some

According to a Report published by the directors af. down his cheek. “Oh, how beautiful he was !” exsmall and obvious exceptions) should be open to both.

ter a year's experience, “Every endeavour has been claimed the unfortunate mother—" the image of his Each sex has indeed its peculiar aptitudes ; but all the made, in the scientific department, to render the vapoor father. At least I shall know where my son

sublime truths of physical science, all the instructive rious studies interesting and profitable. It has been leans, and is buried I know not where!" She kissed of either. Considered as a source of pure enjoyment, on all these subjects delivered by one teacher, and lies,” continued she; “ my husband fell, at New Or themes of morals and religion, are within the capacity thought a stretch of enterprise and liberality, in some the clayey lips, and replaced the covering.

“ If you are returning to England,” said she, “I it is unjust and tyrannical to shut out the female sex public commendation has been lavishly bestowed on the will give you a small commission to execute; it is the from scientific pursuits : Two-thirds of the happiness undertaking ; but, in this institution, four subjects only favour you can render me. I have been so used of married life ought to lie in companionship; and to misfortune that I do not need consolation.”... I does any one doubt that an enlightened man will pre- In these courses, the extensive apparatus and speci.

were treated individually by lecturers who kave long

been zealously devoted to their respective branches. am but shortly arrived from England,” said I, am proceeding into Prussia ; but I can forward any

, all the most profound and interesting subjects of cogi-able. The explanations were accompanied by a great var fer a companion who can exchange ideas with him on

mens which belong to these lecturers were made avail. letters you may wish, or get any thing done for you. “ Oh no,” replied she; * a distant relative of mine tation, to one whose thoughts are incapable of rising riety of experiments and practical illustrations, and, in lives in the town—a merchant; he does every thing above frivolous gossip? Then, as to the maternal re

some of the classes, an examination followed the lecture. curiosity or a better motive have led you here

, I thank lations, whether will a son reap more improvement | tions, wrote exercises, and practised, under Dr Reid's you,” added she, somewhat haughtily. Madam,"

from, or feel greater respect for, an intellectual wo- superintendence, many useful experiments. In botany, observed I, “ there was little curiosity to gratify: Iman, or a mere notable housewife! The married the lectures were illustrated by drawings, and by a bad merely a wish” "Well

, I know what you are lady of the Chesterfieldean school certainly occupies great variety of plants; and in geology, specimens were going to say,” said she, interrupting me.

no very elevated moral position. She is kept in her regularly inspected after the lecture. To afford every know my heart is hardened ? I have been an outcast

facility on this and other subjects, a library and mufrom my father's house, and have endured most of the lord's house partly as a sort of upper domestic to su

seum are already in a state of considerable forwardness. miseries that can beset this weary pilgrimage. I have perintend the ménage, partly as a small artist to amuse

In natural philosophy, the lectures were illustrated told you I need no consolation-I wish no spectator the guests with indifferent music, and partly as a holi- by a great variety of experiments, and were also fol. of my griefs. I would be alone,” added she, looking day figure to be covered with finery, and exhibited at lowed by examinations. Connected with the scientific at me with a sternness almost ferocious. Petrified the head of the table. Any knowledge beyond the department, the class for mathematics is especially with amazement, I bowed and retired. door,” were the last words I heard her utter, as she common odds-and-ends of fashionable education, pro- session (by about forty ladies); and this branch, hi

worthy of notice. It was well attended during the gave the order to her servant girl.

cures for the lady the unenviable distinction of a se- therto reckoned beyond the range of a lady's educa. The result of the inquiries I made concerning this male pedant, a bore, or a blue stocking! Luckily the tion, was, according to the report of Mr Lees, studied strange woman was, that she had made a runaway manners and prejudices in which these barbarous no

with the most complete success. match with her late husband, and had been in consetions originated, are fast disappearing; and changes education being taught in the Scottish Institution, an

From the circumstance of the highest branches of quence forbidden to approach her father by person or by letter. She had followed her husband into the are now in progress which will restore women to their idea has gone abroad, that it is chiefly intended for Peninsula, and had endured much misery at Lisbon proper rank as intellectual beings, and which will at what is called a finishing school, and that great benefit during the campaigns. The American war broke the same time render them better wives, better mothers, can be derived only by those ladies who are already out, and her husband was one of the victims of New

more happy in themselves, and more respected."* considerably advanced in their education. That such Orleans. She had suffered severe penury for several

ladies will derive benefit from their attendance, there years, but at last had obtained a small pension from

* Scotsman, November 4, 1835.

is no doubt; but that the institution is chiefly intended

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for them, is erroneous. On the contrary, if parents ciples of the science, and to fix them better in the me- But the master, soon recollecting that so many eggs wish their daughters to receive a full and complete mory. The novelty of the thing; the sight of so many are worth a dollar or a crown, casts his eye towards course of instruction, and to leave the institution per- happy young females, whose faces were beaming with the rock, marks the day in his memory, and gives or. fectly educated in all the various branches, they are beauty, health, and vivacity, so employed, gave no ders to depart. The light breeze enables them to advised to send them when young.

small degree of interest to the spectacle. We could reach another harbour a few miles distant, one which, This institution not only recommends those branches not help feeling that it was one of the 'signs' which like the last, lies concealed from the ocean by some which are yet but partially admitted to be desirable prognosticate, that the coming age will not be exactly other rocky isle. Arrived there, they re-act the scene for ladies, but by its provisions encourages the study the 'double' of the present."

of yesterday, crushing every egg they can find. For of them. The payment of one fee induces many to at.

a week each night is passed in drunkenness and brawls, tend to subjects which they would otherwise have ne

until, having reached the last breeding place on the

THE EGGERS OF LABRADOR. glected. Had a separate charge been made for every

coast, they return, touch at every isle in succession, branch, several classes would have been little attended,

(A third volume of that most delightful work on natural his- shoot as many birds as they need, collect the fresh and this would probably have been the case with those tory, the Ornithological Biography of North America, by the

eggs, and lay in a cargo. At every step each ruffian branches, the introduction of which has been reckoned indefatigable Audubon, has just appeared. Among a number of picks up an egg so beautiful that any man with a feelof so great importance.

interesting papers which it offers for perusal, is the following, on a | ing heart would pause to consider the motive which

class of characters never before heard of in this country.] Founded on this new and comprehensive plan, the

could induce him to carry it off. But nothing of this. progress of the institution has been watched with much The distinctive appellation of Eggers is given to cer

sort occurs to the Egger, who gathers and gathers, solicitude ; and the support which it has received is tain persons who follow, principally or exclusively, the until he has swept the rock bare. The dollars alone such as to justify the hope that it will be eminently avocation of procuring the eggs of wild birds, with the chink in his sordid mind, and he assiduously plies the successful. Though opened only in November 1834, at

view of disposing of them at some distant port. Their trade which no man would ply who had the talents a period when most pupils had made their engage- great object is to plunder every nest, whenever they and industry to procure subsistence by honourable ments for the ensuing season, about one hundred pu

can find it, no matter where, and at whatever risk. pils have passed through it this session, many of whom They are the pest of the feathered tribes, and their With a bark nearly half filled with fresh eggs they came from distant parts of the kingdom.

brutal propensity to destroy the poor creatures after proceed to the principal rock, that on which they first Inquiry may naturally be made, whether the sys- they have robbed them, is abundantly gratified when- landed. But what is their surprise when they find tem of emulation is to be pursued in the management ever an opportunity presents itself.

others there helping themselves as industriously as of the various classes. In the classes for languages,

Much had been said to me respecting these destruc- they can! In boiling rage they charge their guns, and in the ordinary branches attended by the junior tive pirates before I visited the coast of Labrador, but and ply their oars. Landing on the rock, they run up pupils, it is reckoned indispensable. It is also proposed I could not entirely credit all their cruelties until † had

to the Eggers, who, like themselves, are desperadoes. that pupils who have gone through a regular course actually witnessed their proceedings, wbich were such The first question is a discharge of musketry, the anof instruction, and whose progress skall have been ceras to inspire no small degree of horror. But you shall

swer another. Now, man to man, they fight like tified by all the teachers and lecturers, shall receive a judge for yourself.

tigers. One is carried to his boat with a fractured certificate or diploma from the institution. Monthly See yon shallop shyly sailing along;—she sneaks like skull, another limps with a shot in his leg, and a third reports of the progress and conduct of the pupils will a thief, wishing as it were to shun the very light of feels how many of his teeth have been driven through be drawn out by the teachers, and forwarded by the heaven. Under the lee of every rocky isle some one the hole in his cheek. At last, however, the quarrel lady superintendant to those parents and guardians at the tiller steers her course. Were his trade an is settled; the booty is to be equally divided ; and now who may wish to receive them. And whilst parents honest one, he would not think of hiding his back be- see them all drinking together. Oaths and curses and are admitted at any time to visit the establishment, hind the terrific rocks that seem to have been placed filthy jokes are all that you hear ; but see, stuffed they are especially invited to attend during the last there as a resort to the myriads of birds that annually with food, and reeling with drink, down they drop week of each quarter, when a recapitulation of the visit this desolate region of the earth, for the purpose one by one ; groans and execrations from the wounded lessons will take place in all the classes, in order to of rearing their young, at a distance from all disturbers mingle with the snorings of the heavy sleepers. There give them an opportunity of judging of the progress of their peace. How unlike the open, the bold, the let the brutes lie. of the pupils.

honest mariner, whose face needs no mask, who scorns Again it is dawn, but no one stirs. The sun is An improvement in national education, then, is evi- to skulk under any circumstances! The vessel herself high; one by one they open their heavy eyes, stretch dently introduced by this institution, as it offers an is a shabby thing :-—her sails are patched with stolen their limbs, yawn, and raise themselves from the deck. extensive and liberal course of instruction to those pieces of better canvass, the owners of which have But see, here comes a goodly company. A hundred whose example and influence in society are universally probably been stranded on some inhospitable coast, and honest fishermen, who for months past have fed on salt acknowledged. The education of women does not in- have been plundered, perhaps murdered, by the meat, have felt a desire to procure some eggs. Galfluence the tastes and opinions of present society alone wretches before us. Look at her again! Her sides lantly their boats advance, impelled by the regular -it affects those of succeeding generations. Accord are neither painted, nor even pitched; no—they are pull of their long oars. Each buoyant bark displays ing to the system of education hitherto pursued, few daubed over, plastered and patched with stripes of the flag of its nation. No weapons do they bring, nor females have had opportunities of enlightening their seal-skin, laid along the seams. Her deck has never any thing that can be used as such, save their oars and minds on many of the most common appearances of been washed or sanded; her hold—for no cabin has fists. Cleanly clad in Sunday attire, they arrive at nature; and if a child, in its natural curiosity and she though at present empty, sends forth an odour the desired spot, and at once prepare to ascend the eagerness, asks a solution of any little difficulty, he is pestilential as that of a charnel-house. The crew, rock. The Eggers, now numbering a dozen, all armed often discouraged in his research by an unsatisfactory eight in number, lie sleeping at the foot of their totter- with guns and bludgeons, bid defiance to the fisher.

But if the mind of the mother were initiated ing mast, regardless of the repairs needed in every part A few angry words pass between the parties. in the study of those subjects which render the works of her rigging. But see! she scuds along, and as I One of the Eggers, still under the influence of drink, of the universe around her intelligible, she could point suspect her crew to be bent on the commission of some pulls his trigger, and an unfortunate sailor is seen to out to her children, not merely their external beauty, evil deed, let us follow her to the first harbour. reel in agony. Three loud cheers fill the air. All at but that wise and more hidden arrangement, which There rides the filthy thing! The afternoon is half once rush on the malefactors ; a horrid fight ensues, expands the flower, and variegates the rainbow, and over. Her crew have thrown their boat overboard; the result of which is, that every Egger is left on the works in a thousand common objects and make them, they enter and seat themselves, each with a rusty gun. rock beaten and bruised. Too frequently the fisherin more than a poetical sense, to find

One of them sculls the skiff towards an island for a men man their boats, row to the shallops, and break • Tongues in the trecs, books in the running brooks, century past the breeding place of myriads of guille- every egg in the hold. Sermons in stones, and good in every thing.' mots, which are now to be laid under contribution.

The Eggers of Labrador not only rob the birds in Thus would an early habit of reflection be imparted, At the approach of the vile thieves, clouds of birds this cruel manner, but also the fishermen, whenever and the sympathies and associations of youth blended rise from the rock and till the air around, wheeling they can find an opportunity; and the quarrels they with subjects, of which the rudiments are always ac- and screaming over their enemies. Yet thousands re- excite are numberless. While we were on the coast, quired with difficulty in later years.'

main in an erect posture, each covering its single egg, none of our party ever ventured on any of the islands In conclusion, we shall present the account given by the hope of both parents. The reports of several mus- which these wretches call their own, without being the newspaper already quoted, of a visit paid by its kets, loaded with heavy shot, are now heard ; while well provided with the means of defence. On one ocenlightened editor to the chemical class: it affords mat- several dead and wounded birds fall heavily on the casion, when I was present, we found two Eggers at ter for pleasing, and also for serious reflection. “We rock or into the water. Instantly all the sitting birds their work of destruction. 'I spoke to them respecting found forty or fifty young ladies performing chemical rise and fly off affrighted to their companions above, my visit, and offered them premiums for rare birds experiments at three long tables. Fifty jets of gas, and hover in dismay over their assassins, who walk

and some of their eggs; but although they made fair issuing

through the tables, served them in lieu of fur- forward exultingly, and with their shouts mingling promises, not one of the gang ever came near me. naces. Near each jet was a common wine glass, an oaths and execrations. Look at them! See how they

These people gather all the eider down they can assortment of broad and narrow slips of window glass, crush the chick within its shell, how they trample on bits of white paper, and, at regular intervals, a few every egg in their way with their huge and clumsy bird 'that comes in their way. The eggs of gulls, guil

find; yet so inconsiderate are they, that they kill every bottles containing acids, alkalies, infusions of vegetable boots! Onward they go, and when they leave the lemots, and ducks, are searched for with care; and blue, or other chemical substances. The lecture was isle, not an egg that they can find is left entire. The the puffins and some other birds they massacre in vast just concluded, and the experiments had a reference dead birds they collect and carry to their boat. Now numbers for the sake of their feathers. So constant to the subjects discussed in it. The nature of Prus- they have regained their filthy shallop ; they strip the and persevering are their depredations, that these spe. sian blue, for instance, and the process for making it, birds by a single jerk of their feathery apparel

, while cies, which, according to the accounts of the few settlers was described in a very few words. Presently each the flesh is yet warm, and throw them on some coals, I saw in the country, were exceedingly abundant of the pupils placed a small quantity of one substance where in a short time they are broiled. The rum is twenty years ago, have abandoned their ancient breedon a slip of paper, then put another upon it, mixed produced when

the guillemots are fit for
eating; and ing places, and

removed much farther north in search coming. The effects of acids and alkalies upon the joying the pleasure of beastly intoxication, over they a young guillemot before the Eggers had left the coast; the two with a glass rod, and the blue was forth- after stuffing themselves with this oily fare, and en

of peaceful security. Scarcely, in fact, could I procure vegetable infusion were shown in another experiment : tumble on the deck of their crazed craft, where they

nor was it until late in July that I succeeded, after the method of taking casts in plaster of Paris (shillings pass the short hours of night in turbid slumber. and half-crowns were employed); the mode of crys- The sun now rises above the snow-clad summit of the birds had laid three or four eggs each, instead of

one, and when nature having been exhausted, and the tallising some salt, whose name we forget ; and vari. the eastern mount. “Sweet is the breath of morn ous other chemical processes were illustrated by expe- even in this desolate land. The gay bunting erects

season nearly spent, thousands of these birds left the riments, which were performed by every one of the his white crest, and gives utterance to the joy he feels which they had visited it. This war of extermination

country without having accomplished the purpose for young ladies present. After each experiment, questions in the presence of his brooding matc. were put by the teacher as to the nature of the sub- grous on the rock crows his challenge aloud: Each will be the first to repent the entire disappearance of

cannot last many years more. The Eggers themselves Stances used, and the change ensuing; and they were floweret, chilled by the night air, expands its pure the myriads of birds that made the coast of Labrador answered by the fifty voices simultaneously. This petals ; the gentle breeze shakes from the blades of their summer residence ; and unless they

follow the seem to be generally from fifteen to eighteen years of birds have again settled, and now renew their loves. persecuted tribes to the northward, they must renounce

their trade. age : some were probably about twelve, and others Startled by the light of day, one of the Eggers springs about twenty. Though young, however, they were on his feet and rouses his companions, who

stare around neither timorous nor awkward, but went through the them for a while, endeavouring to recollect their senses, A SUFFICIENT REASON FOR DYING."

Pray, of manipulations with.an alacrity and zest, which showed Mark them, as with clumsy fingers they clear their what did your brother die ?” inquired the Marquis that there was much of pleasure, and nothing of task- drowsy eyes! Slowly they rise on their feet. See Spinola of Sir Horace Vere. “ He died, sir,” replied work, in the exercise. The object, of course, is not to how the filthy lubbers stretch out their arms and yawn; hê, “ of having nothing to do." “ Alas, sir," said qualify ladies for the business of the laboratory, but you shrink back, for verily “that throat might frighten Spinola, “ that is enough to kill any general of us to give thein clearer conceptions of the facts and prin- a shark.”

all."

answer.

men,

ODDS AND ENDS.

gantly with embellishments; and as in the last page steal a horse !” “Yes--you must steal a horse. You MAGNANIMITY AND GRATITUDE OF A Lion.

there usually appears the word finis, so it is with man; will then be arrested, convicted, and placed in a situaPrince, a tame lion on board his Majesty's ship Ariadne, his life also has a terminating point. After fretting his tion where your diet and regimen will be such, that had a keeper to whom he was much attached ; the little span, he drops into the grave, which is the earthly in a short time your health will be perfectly refinis of his course.

stored." keeper got drunk one day, and, as the captain never forgave the crime, the keeper was ordered to be logged; IMPORTATION OF ENGLISH HORSES INTO FRANCE. ENCOURAGEMENT FOR SCHOOL MASTERS.—Net long the grating was rigged on the main deck opposite -Lawrence, in his book on the Horse, mentions that ago, an advertisement appeared in a newspaper, for a Prince's den, a large barred-up place, the pillars very an official French account of the importation of horses gentleman to undertake to teach the classical lanstrong, and cased with iron. When the keeper began into that country, states the annual number of Eng-guages, writing, and arithmetic, for which a salary of to strip, Prince rose gloomily from his couch, and got lish horses imported to be from fifteen to twenty thirty pounds would be allowed ! In the same paper as near to his friend as possible ; on beholding his bare thousand.

there was an advertisement for a footman, the wages back, he walked hastily round the den ; and when he MONUMENTS.--It is by no means a good sign of a

not to exceed thirty pounds, with a livery !! saw the boatswain inflict the first lash, his eyes sparkled country to have a great number of fine public build- SINGULAR INSTANCE OF CANINE SAGACITY.–The with fire, and his sides resounded with the strong and ings, obelisks, monuments, and statues. The practice following case of canine sagacity was lately mentioned quick beating of his tail ; at last, when the blood began of erecting such things seems to have been carried to the in the Greenock Intelligencer newspaper :- In the to flow from the unfortunate man's back, and the greatest length, generally for some bad or some silly course of last summer, it chanced that the sheep, on clotted "cats” jerked their gory, knots close to the purpose. In Egypt, Greece, and Rome, where archi- the farm of a friend of ours, on the water of Stinchar, lion's den, his fury became tremendous; he roared with tectural grandeur was greatest among all the nations of were, like those of his neighbours, partially affected a voice of thunder, shook the strong bars of his pri- antiquity, the public buildings and monuments were

with that common disease, maggots in the skin, to son as if they had been osiers, and, finding his efforts principally indicative of the supremacy of superstition cure which distemper it is necessary to cut off the to break loose unavailing, he rolled and shrieked in a and warlike propensities. Pericles, the Grecian repub- wool over the part affected, and apply a small quanmanner the most terrific that it is possible to con- lican statesman, adorned Athens with splendid erec- tity of tobacco juice, or some other liquid. For this ceive. The captain, fearing he might break loose, or- tions; but while he in this manner pleased the populace, purpose, the shepherd set off to the hill one morning, dered the marines to load and present at Prince; this he procured the passing of a law, declaring that no per- accompanied by his faithful canine assistant, Ladie. threat redoubled his rage, and at last the captain de- son should be a citizen whose father and mother had Arrived among the flock, the shepherd pointed out a sired the keeper to be cast off, and go in to his friend. not been Athenian citizens, by which 5000 individuals diseased animal ; and making the accustomed signal It is impossible to describe the joy evinced by the lion ; were doomed to be sold as slaves. This infamous act for the dog to capture it, “poor Mailie' was speedily' he licked with care the mangled and bleeding back of is slurred over by historians, but the ruins of the build- sprawling on her back, and gently held down by the the cruelly-treated seaman, caressed him with his ings which Pericles erected serve as themes for sound dog till the arrival of her keeper, who proceeded to paws, which he folded around the keeper as if to defying his praise throughout all time. It was much the clip off a portion of her wool, and apply the healing any one renewing a similar treatment; and it was only same with Bonaparte. He exhausted the resources balsam. During the operation, Ladie continued to after several hours that Prince would allow the keeper of France, but he made up for this by gilding the dome gaze on the operator with close attention, and the sheep to quit his protection and return among those who had of the Hotel of the Invalids, improving the appearance having been released, he was directed to capture in bo ill-used him.-Martin's History of the British Co- of the Thuilleries, and erecting a column in the Place succession other two or three of the flock, which underlonies. Vendome. The French are essentially a monument.

went similar treatment. The sagacious animal had GEOLOGICAL CHANGES IN GREAT BRITAIN.–That building nation; an obelisk appears to please them now become initiated into the mysteries ef his master's the face of the globe has successively undergone total under almost any circumstances. The English, on the vocation, for off he set unbidden through the flock, changes at different remote epochs, 'is now a fact be- other hand, are desirous of seeing capital sunk on ob- and picked out with unerring precision those sheep yond all dispute ; as also, that, long anterior to the jects more directly useful; they prefer embellishing and which were affected with maggots in their skin, and creation of man, this world was inhabited by races of improving their towns with gas lamps, water pipes, held them down until the arrival of his master, trho animals, to which no parallels are now to be found ; common sewers, clean streets, good foot pavements,

was thus, by the extraordinary instinct of Ladie, saved and those animals themselves only made their appear. and having comfortable houses to live in, to the bar- a world of trouble, and the operation of clipping and ance after the lapse of ages, during which no warm- ren spectacle of columns, pillars, and pediments in pub- smearing most materially facilitated. Strange as this blooded creatures had an existence. It has been fur- lic places. How ungratifying is the retlection that the notice may appear, it is perfectly true; and should ther remarked by zoologists, that the animals which fine arts should have been, and are, so often abused, any of our sheep-breeding readers be desirous to ok. first appeared in these latitudes, were analogous to by being made subservient to purposes and tastes obtain a colley of Ladie's noble line, we will, if desirert, such as now inhabit tropical regions exclusively; and structive of social and national improvement, or cal- cheerfully direct him to the hospitable abode of Ladie's that it was only at period immediately before the culated to perpetuate the recollection of transactions owner, which is within a Sabbath day's journey of creation of the human race, that species similar to originating in the most savage propensities of our

Ard Stinchar.” those of the existing era began to appear in northern nature !

AN INCURABLE DISEASE.- A gentleman one day latitudes. Similar peculiarities have been also found A NARROW EscarE FROM DEATH.-General Put- walking along the streets of a crowded city, had his to mark the vegetation of corresponding periods. It nam, a distinguished soldier in the French and Eng- attention attracted to a beggar, who besought his com. would hardly be credited, by persons unacquainted lish wars in Canada, about the middle of last century, passion, and whose whole aspect betokened misery and with the evidence upon which such facts repose, that, was on one occasion on the point of suffering a horrible want. The gentleman's heart was touched. He paused, in the most dreary and desolate northern regions of death at the hands of the Indians, who had made him and after bestowing an alms, inquired, with sympa. the present day, there once flourished groves of tropi, prisoner. The savages tied him to a tree in order to thising speech, what was the cause of the beggar's cal plants of Coniferæ, like the Northfolk Island and burn him alive, and had already set fire to a circle of misfortunes, and if he laboured under any complaint. 1 raucarian pines, of bananas, tree ferns, huge cacti, combustibles around him, when he was rescued by the

“ Yes," replied the party addressed, “I have for years and palms ; that the marshes were filled with rush- interposition of their leader, Molong, a famous French laboured under a disease which I fear will at last carry like plants, fifteen or twenty feet high; the coverts | partisan officer, and sent in safety to Montreal. Put- me to my grave.” “ Pray, what disease may it be?" with ferns like the undergrowth of a West Indian

nam afterwards served in the cause of the Americans said the gentleman. Ah, sir, it is of so dreadful a island ; and the vegetation, thus inconceivably rich in the war of the revolution, and lived to see his coun

nature that I cannot show it to you on the publie and luxuriant, grew amidst an atmosphere that would try—for he was American born-enjoying the inde- street; but if you will be so good as step aside, I will have been fatal to the animal world. Yet nothing can pendence of which he had been so able a champion.

exhibit it, provided you promise not to speak of it to well be more certain, than that such a description is

West Indian Four o'Clock.–One of the most forth with both adjourned into a private corner,

any one. far from being overcharged.—Lindley and Hutton's remarkable flowering plants in Jamaica is the jalapa Now," said the beggar, opening his clothes, “ do

Agreed,” replied the gentleman, and Fossil Flora. mirabilis, called the four o'clock flower, or the West

you behold the disease which is preying upon me?" WEARING STOCKINGS.-Two centuries ago, not one Indian four o'clock. It has obtained this popular “ No, I can see nothing—you are only shamming ill. person in a thousand wore wove stockings; one century name from keeping its petals closed during the hottest

“ Alas, sir,” answered the beggar, “ you are ago, not one person in five hundred wore them; now, hours of the day, and only opening them in the after-short-sighted ; do not you perceive that the disease not one person in a thousand is without them ; yet, noon, when the air is cool.

which afflicts me, and is eating into my vitals, is lazi. William Lea, the inventor of the stocking-frame, could get no person to patronise his invention, and he died Madden, in his book on the West Indies : " Human my birth, and is now altogether beyond the possibility

A FINE SAYING.–The following is a fine saying of ness?—it is a disease which has grown upon me from of a broken heart.

nature is pretty much the same in all countries ; and, of cure." CAUSES FOR THE THRIVING OF Towns.-Some as far as my experience goes, in the various parts of towns thrive by being a seat of manufactures, others the globe, complexion has as little to do with its yearn. by being the resort of courtiers, the affluent, and the ings, its failings, or its finest traits, as clime or creed.” | WRITTEN IN THE SAND ON THE BEACH fashionable; Cologne is equally fortunate from another SHADING THE EYES.—Some people cover their eyes

AT CUMBRAES, 1814. cause---it exists by its possession of the parings of St with green or other shades when any thing is the mat- Next when ocean's rising wave Anastasius's beard.

ter with them. This is wrong. It is now ascertained O'er these sands shall curling lave, BUILDING A PYRAMID. — The great Pyramid of by the best oculists that shades injure the sight in

It will, unconscious, sweep away Egypt, whose base extends over eleven acres, and stead of strengthening it, and that from these creating

All we have writ in idle play; which rises to a height of 481 feet, required 100,000 heat and inflammation in the parts affected. If the eye

Then ebbing, leave a lovely plain men for twenty years to build it ; while a steam- be injured, and light insupportable, the best way is to engine, with a consumption of only about 700 chaldrons tie a cool linen handkerchief over it. We have heard For merry hands to mar again! of coal, would have listed every stone of it into its it stated as a curious fact, that when the English army Oh would that time's all-sweeping tide place.

returned from Egypt, those soldiers were least affected O'er our past sorrows thus could glide, NATURE OF Latour.–Labour is the price which with ophthalmia-a disease in the eyes—who had worn Softly leave the harrowed mind, has been paid for all things ; money is only the repre

no snouts to their hats. The eyes evidently require to And leave no rugged trace behind. sentative of labour; it was not by gold or silver, but be played upon by a free circulation of air, and there

But no!-The lines by sorrow trac'd by labour, that all the wealth, all the refinements, all fore broad-brimmed hats may be said to be any thing

Are not thus easily effac'd ! the means of comfort in the world, were originally but protectors to the organs of vision, for the hieat ra

More like the letters on the rock, diates from the ground more than from the sun overpurchased. head. It is worthy of notice, that none of the natives

They time and tide alike can mock ; Slow RECEPTION OF IMPROVEMENTS.-On a mo

of hot climates wear head coverings with snouts or While those impress'd by joy's bright hand, derate calculation, twenty years elapse before any brims; and we should think that they were good judges Are like the letters in the sand ! improvement in science or art obtains notice in encyclo- in these matters. pædias, and at least half a century before they are recognised as established by universities--particularly property (says

an American author) who had for years A Doctor's ADVICE TO A PATIENT.-A man of Londos: Published, with Permission of the Proprietors, by ORR

& Smith, Paternoster Row; and sold by G. BERORR, Holy.

well Street, Strand; BANCKS & Co., Manchester; WRIGHTSOX if they happen to disturb any set system.

been abusing his stomach, at last found his health in & WEBB, Birminghain; WILL SER & SMITH, Liverpool; W COMPARISON OF MAN To A Book.-Man may be a rapid decline. Nature could endure it no longer.

E. SOMERECALE, Leeds; C. N. WRIGHT, Nottingham; M.

BINGHAM, Bristol; S. SIMMS, Bath; C. GAIN, Exeter; J. PURcompared to a book ; his birth is the title-page,

' his He went to consult the celebrated Dr Spring of Wa- DON, Hull; A. WHITTAKER, Sheffield; H. BELLERBY, York baptism the epistle dedicatory, his childhood the argu- tertown, Massachusetts. He stated the symptoms of J. TAYLOR, Brighton; GBORGX Young, Dublin; and all other ment or contents, his life and pursuits the subject his case so clearly, that the learned physician could

Booksellers and Newsien in Great Britain and Ireland, Canada,

Nova Scotia, and United States of America. matter, and his crimes and follies the errata ; as for not mistake the nature of the disease. "I can cure O Compleie sels of the work from its commencement, or num the size and appearance of the work, some volumes are you, sir," said he, “ if you will follow my advice.” | bers to comple:e sets, may at all times be obtained from the Pub. in folio, some in quarto, and some in duodecimo; and The patient promised most implicitly to do so. "Now,”!

ness.

Stereotyped by A. Kirkwood, Edinburgh. vhile some are plainly bound, others are done ele- says the doctor, “you must steal a horse." “What! Printed by Bradbury and Evans (late T. Davison). Whitefriars

lishers or their Agents.

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