« НазадПродовжити »
When masler of the city, Morgan was afraid that | ings, which have the most romantic interest. These
She came from Callao with a cargo of his men might get drunk, and be surprised and cut were Basil Ringrose, Barty Sharp, William Dampier, wine, brandy, oil, and fruit, and had in her as much off by the Spaniards : to prevent this, he caused it to who, though a common seaman, was endowed with money as yielded ninety-four dollars to each bucca. be reported that all the wine in the city had been ex. great observation and a talent for description, and neer. Through their ignorance of metals, they missed pressly poisoned by the inhabitants. The dread of Lionel Wafer, a surgeon providently engaged by the a much greater booty. There were seven hundred poison kept the fellows sober. But Morgan had buccaneers.
pigs of plate which they mistook for tin, on account scarcely taken up bis quarters in Panama when se. It was on the 16th of April, that the expedition of its not being refined and fitted for coining. They veral parts of the city burst out into flames, which, passed over from Golden Island, and landed in Darien, only took one of the seven hundred pigs, and twofed by the cedar wood and other combustil e materials each man provided with four cakes of bread, called thirds of this they melted down into bullets, and of which the houses were chiefly built, spread so ra- dough-boys, with a fusil, a pistol, and a hanger. otherwise squandered away. After having beaten pidly, that in a short time a great part of the city was They began their arduous march marshalled in di- along the coast
, coming at times to anchor, making a burnt to the ground. It has been disputed whether visions, each with its commander and distinguishing fow discoveries, and giving names to islands and bays, this was done by design or accident—by the bueca- flag. Many Darien Indians came to supply them but taking no prizes, they sailed early in November neers or the despairing Spaniards; but it appears that with provisions, and to keep them company as con- from the shores of Patagonia. Their navigation hence Morgan, who always charged it upon the Spaniards, federates ; among these were two chiefs, who went by was more than could be imagined; it was like the gave all the assistance be could to such of the inhabia the names of Captain Andreas and Captain Antonio. journey of travellers by night in a strange country tants as endeavoured to stop the progress of the fire, After enduring tremendous fatigues, the party at without a guide. The weather being very stormy, which, however, was not quite extinguished for weeks. length reached Santa Maria, a town situated on a river they were afraid to venture through the strait of Among the buildings destroyed, was a factory-house which falls into the South Sea. This place they plun. Magellan, but ran to the south to go round Terra belonging to ihe Genoese, who then carriea on the dered, and put to death numbers of the inhabitants. As del Fuego. Spite of tempests, clouds, and darkness, trade of supplying the Spaniards with slaves from their booty was not great, they resolved on pushing and immense icebergs, they doubled in safety the reAfrica.
onwards by the river to the ocean. On the 17th of doubtable Cape Horn, after a cruise of nearly twelve The licentiousness, rapacity, and cruelty of the buc- April, the expedition embarked, and fell down the months' duration. caneers, had no bounds. They spared in these, their river to the gulf of San Miguel, wbich they did not These ocean robbers had the fortune to be left in cruelties, no sex nor condition whatsoever. As to re- reach until the following morning, owing to a flood- quiet possession of their spoils. Two or three were ligious persons (monks and nuns) and priests, they tide. They were now fairly in the South Sea! The tried and hanged, but on this, as on other occasions, granted them les quarter than others, unless they prophesy of the Spaniards was accomplished, and the the bulk of the party were never called to account, or procured a considerable sum of money for their ran. buccaneers looked across that magniticent expanse of if they were, they found means by bribes to escape a
Detachments scoured the country to plunder waters with sanguine hope. On the 19th of April, well-deserved punishment. Some had even the im. and to bring in prisoners. Many of the unfortunate they entered the vast bay of Panama, and captured pudence to write and publish narratives of their pira. inhabitants escaped, with their effects, by sea, and at one of the islands a Spanish vessel of thirty tons, tical expeditions; and a sort of apology for their crimes reached the islands that are thickly clustered in the on board of which one hundred and thirty of the has been hazarded in modern times on account of their bay of Panama. But Morgan found a large boat buccaneers immediately threw themselves, overjoyed discoveries in the South Seas. lying aground in the port, which he launched, and to be relieved from the cramped and crowded state One of the last of the class of sea robbers we have manned with a numerous crew, and sent her to cruise they had endured in the canoes-though of a certainty, been noticing, was the noted Captain Kid, who f. among those islands. A galeon, on board which the even now, so many men on board so small a vessel gured principally as a rover in the East Indian seas. nuns of a convent bad taken refuge, and where much could leave small room for comfort.
This worthy tinished his career on the gallows at money, plate, and other effects of value had been
It would be tiresome to recite minutely the adven- Execution Dock in London, in the year 1701. His lodged, had a very narrow escape from these despe- tures of these marauders. By means of their boats memory has been preserved in a doggrel ballad, be. radoes. They took several vessels in the bay. One or canoes, they had the boldness to capture some ves-ginning, if we recollect properly, with the lines of them was large, and admirably adapted for cruis- sels lying in the bay of Panama, and in less than a
My name was Captain Kid, ing. This opened a new prospect that was brilliant week from their appearance on the coast, they pos
When I sail'd, when I saild, and enticing ; an unexplored ocean studded with sessed a tolerably well equipped fleet. In the battles
My name was Captain Kid, islands was before them, and some of the buccaneers by which they had captured these ships, they lost a
When I saild. began to consult how they might leave their chief, number of men; still this did not discourage them.
I roam'd froin sound to sound, Morgan, and try their fortunes on the South Sea, They chose a new commander, one Richard Sawkins,
And many a ship I found, whence they proposed to sail, with the plunder they in the room of their deceased leader, and prepared for
And them I sunk or burn'd, should obtain, by the East Indies to Europe. This a cruise. Panama was, luckily, now well fortified,
When I sail'd, when I sail'd. diminution of force would have been fatal to Morgan, and held out against their attacks. After staying ten The foregoing sketch is presented with the view of who, therefore, as soon as he got a hint of the design, days here to no purpose, they retired to the island of giving our readers an idea of the lawless state of socut a way the masts of the ship, and burned every boat | Taboga, in the neighbourhood. Here they stopped ciety at a period as late as the close of the seventeenth aud vessel lying at Panama that could suit their pur nearly a fortnight in expectation of the arrival of a
century, and, therefore, of showing by contrast the pose.
rich ship from Lima. This ship came not, but seve- improvement which has since taken place in national At length, on the 24th of February 1672, about four ral other vessels fell into their hands,, by which they manners. Fortunately for commerce, and the friendly weeks after the taking of Panama, Morgan and his obtained nearly sixty thousand dollars in specie, intercourse betwixt nations, all systematic piracy on men departed from the still smouldering ruins of that twelve hundred sacks of flour, two thousand jars of a great scale, such as we have alluded to, has been unfortunate city, taking with them one hundred and wine, a quantity of brandy, sugar, sweetmeats, poul- long since extirpated by the concurring efforts of every seventy-tive mules loaded with spoil, and six hundred try, and other provisions, some gunpowder, shot, &c. civilised power. prisoners, part of whom were detained to carry bur. | Among their prisoners was a number of unfortunate dens across the isthmus, and others for the ransom negro slaves, which tempted the Spanish merchants of expected for their release. Among the latter were Panama to go to the buccaneers, and to buy as many
REJECTED ADDRESSES. many women and children, who were made to suffer of the slaves as they were inclined to sell. Those
[BY MRS OPIE.) cruel fatigue, hunger, and thirst, and artfully made merchants paid two hundred pieces of eight for every WHENEVER I hear that any man of my acquaintance to apprebend being carried to Jamaica and sold as negro, and they sold to the buccaneers all such stores is paying his addresses to one out of many sisters, and slaves, that they might the more earnestly endeavour and commodities as they stood in need of.
therefore exposed to the severity of female criticism, to procure money for their ransom. When these poor Ringrose, one of the buccaneers, relates, that dur. | I always pity him, because I doubt of his success; as creatures threw themselves on their knees, and weeping these communications the governor of Panama I have rarely known a suitor, under such circuming and tearing their hair, begged of Morgan to let sent to demand of their leader, “Why, during a stances, accepted at once, if he has been accepted at them return to their families, his brutal answer was, time of peace between England and Spain, Englishmen all. And this has been owing, not to an amiable rethat “ he came not there to listen to cries and lamen- should come into those seas to commit injury?-and | luctance in the object of his love, to leave her sisters, tations, but to seek money.” This idol of his soul, from whom they had their commission so to do ?” or in them to part with her; but that the poor lover's indeed, he sought from bis comrades as well as his Sawkins replied, “That he and his companions came person, manner, and qualities, were made the theme (aptive, and in such a manner that it is astonishing to assist their friend, the king of Darien (the said of that sort of laughing detraction, of all things the they did not blow his brains out.
chief Andreas), who was the rightful lord of Panama, most fatal to a lover's success. Having accomplished their fatiguing march back and all the country thereabouts. That, as they had The following anecdote will exhibit a case in point, to San Lorenzo, the buccaneers divided their spoil, come so far, it was reasonable that they should receive which partly came uuder my own observation, and and soon after separated with their vessels, most likely some satisfaction for their trouble ; and if the gover- which, as the most amusing way of narrating it, I to go upon new expeditions. As for the arch-villain nor would send to them five hundred pieces of eight shall relate in dialogues :Morgan, he subsequently came to England, and re- for each man, and one thousand for each commander, Toree sisters, whom I shall call Lydia, Maria, and ceived the honour of knighthood from the hands of and would promise not any further to annoy the Da- Eleanor, one evening, on their return from a dinner. Charles II., who afterwards sent him to Jamaica to rien Indians, their allies, that then the buccaneers party, drew round the just-replenished grate, in the till a judicial office. Here he behaved with his wonted would desist from hostilites, and go quietly about chamber of the eldest sister, in order to talk over the cruelty, and in a few years was transmitted home a their business." The governor could scarcely be ex. company which they had recently left. prisoner at the instance of the Spanish court; but no pected to comply with these moderate demands.
When the female part of it had been sufficiently charge being preferred against him, he was liberated. Tired of waiting for the rich ship from Peru, the criticised, the young men came in for their share of Circumstances such as these give us a curious insight buccaneers in a short time sailed on a cruise, deter. the detraction. One of them was pronounced to be a into the state of morals towards the conclusion of the mined to take whatever fell in their way. Generalis. dandy; another was well-dressed, but silly; a third, seventeenth centnry.
ing the account of their expeditions, it may be stated clever, but conceited ; in short, each in his turn, was The plundering of Panama by Morgan fired the that they, from time to time, fell in with and captured set up as a nine-pin, to be, like a nine-pin, bowled imaginations of the buccaneers, who now planned sin both richly and poorly laden vessels ; but quarrels down again. But Eleanor, the youngest sister, who milarly daring expeditions to the South Sea, the coasts among them about the division of the spoil were in. was never censorious in her remarks, and had no preof which and their cities seemed to them like a newly cessant, and they lost to one another by gambling tensions to the epithets," witty” and “ severe,” which discovered mine of wealth-a place where gold was to their hard.won plunder. Diminished in numbers by were often bestowed on her sisters, was, on this ocbe had for the gathering. This became known to the their encounters to a crew of seventy men, under a casion, unusually silent. At last, however, she said, Spaniards, and gave rise to numerous forebodings and new leader, Barty Sharp, they at length bethought with some hesitation, “But what did you think of prophesies, both in Spain and in Peru, of great in themselves of returning to the Atlantic. While in that young man who came with Dr B- ?" vasions by land and sea.
this mind, they had the “good fortune,” as they you mean that frightened youth in the corner, who After one or two ineffectual attempts of parties of termed it, to pick up three valuable prizes. The first nearly fell down as he picked up your glove, and pirates to cross the isthmus of Darien, an expedition was a ship called the San Pedro, with a lading of blushed as if accused of stealing it, while he trembled was planned, in 1680, hy a set of English adventurers, cocoa.nuts, and 21,000 pieces of eight in chests, and it into your hand ?" "Yes, Maria, I mean him," who found means to procure the friendship and co. 16,000 in bags, besides plate. The money in bags, she replied ; "his name, I find, is Edward Vincent." operation of the Indians who inhabited the line of with all the loose plunder, was immediately divided, “ Oh! I scarcely looked at him or noticed him ; route. The buccaneers who engaged in this expedi. each man receiving two hundred and thirty-four pieces therefore, I certainly did not remember him long tion were the crews of seven vessels, amounting aito. of eight. The money in chests was reserved for a enough to ask his name ; but I recollect he was full of gether to three hundred and sixty-six men, of whom future division. Their second prize was a packet attention to you, Eleanor.” “Oh, yes,” cried Lydia, thirty-seven were left to guard the ships during the from Panama bound to Callao, by which they learned "and see how she blushes; I believe the poor thing is absence of those who went on the expedition, which that in Panama it was believed that all the buccaneers really charmed.” “No, no," replied Maria, “she was not expected to be of long continuance. There had returned over land to the West Indies. The bas too much good taste for that.” “Indeed," ob. were several men of some literary talent among the third was a ship called the San Rosario, which made served Eleanor, modestly, “ I think he is handsome." marauders, who have written accounts of the proceed. I a bold resistance, and did not submit until her captain 1“ Handsome !” exclaimed Maria ; " he has not a good
feature in his face ?" “ Then you did look at himn word “ nor did she choose to own her friend's tongue, but never saw his face. The very tone of his suficiently to eramine his features," replied Eleanor assertion was true ; she therefore only replied, But voice was said to inspire interest ; no complaint ever with a smile, though you scurcely looked at or noticed how strange, be used to stammer a little, and lisp, . escaped him, nor did he attempt, even by a hint, to him !” “There !" retorted Maria, “ Eleanor is sar. think, and my sisters used to mimie him so admirably."
make himself known. At his death in 1703, he was castic for the first time in her life ; and that wonder. “Did they ? What amiable consideration for an exworker, love, must have made her so. “No doubt,” | cellent young man, whose happiness and well-being interred, like all other persons who died in the Bastile, said Lydia; “ and, as the love is mutual, the blushing might, for aught they knew, depend on the success of in the neighbouring churchyard of St Paul's, the name youth will come hither a-wooing soon. Oh, it will be his suit !” “But he neither stammered por lisped to registered being that of Marchiali. Immediately after 80 amusing !” “ It will, indeed, Lydia ; and when day.” “No, certainly not, for he was at his ease, as he says, “Will you marry me, dear Ally, Ally Croker ?' your sisters were not here ; and as he is no longer burnt with the most anxious care ; the very floor of
his death, his clothes, linen, and all his apparel, were what will you reply, Eleanor ?" “ Nay, nay, Eleanor, your lover, you know, your presence was no more to you must say No, for we never can call that red and him than that of any other woman ; therefore he did his apartment was scraped and taken up, and every white, blushing, quizzical being, brother !”. Eleanor himself justice; but he does speak thick, and hesi- vestige of his existence annihilated. did not choose to reply, and she was rallied into si- tate, when he is agitated; he did so at a Bible Meet. A story so mysterious could not fail to excite much lence. In one respect, the sisters were right : Edward ing the other day, when he first got up to speak, but curiosity; and the literary ingenuity which has been Vincent had eonceived a strong attachment to Eleanor; he soon recovered himself, and was so eloquent ! and having bad frequent opportunities of being in her “ Is it possible !” cried Eleanor, “ Edward Vincent expended since Voltaire's time, in vain attempts to company, be at length came forward as her lover. speak at a Bible Meeting, and speak well ? Amazing ! discover who the Masked Prisoner really was, is of Such were his fortune, situation in life, and personal my sisters used to think him so far from clever!” “I very considerable amount. The subject was discussed character, that Eleanor's parents highly approved his will trouble you, Eleanor,” replied her friend, in rather by Gibbon in an ingenious essay, and, in 1825, N. proposals; but so completely was her conviction of an indignant tone, bis worth kept under by her sisters' ridicule, that she sisters' mischievous, unjust
, and unfeeling detraction. Delort published at Paris a complete volume on the refused him; and very reluctantly acceded to his ear- I see very clearly that, but for their unchristian satire, subject, containing many authentic documents which pest request not to be dismissed immediately, but al. you, my dear friend, would now have been the happy he considered as illustrative of it. From these docu. lowed time and opportunity to acquire her good opi. wife of a most deserving man; but my regret is vain, ments, the late Lord Dover, then Mr Agar Ellis, drew nion. But he never came without such a conscious and I am sorry that it is so." She then left Eleanor up a new narrative soinewhat more clear and logical ness of being the object of satirical observation to the to muse on what she had said, believing she would
than that of the French writer; which was published sisters, that he was deprived by timidity of the power not soon forget it; but would dwell, probably with of speaking or moving without embarrassment and no pleasant feelings on the words, " but my regret is in 1826. The theory of Delort and Ellis represented awkwardness; and as soon as he departed the sisters | vain."
the prisoner to be a person named Matthioli, an agent mimicked bis manner, his annunciation, and awkward And she did dwell on them-and she did, herself, or minister of the Duke of Mantua, who had incurred motions, to the life ; and one of them-likening him regret the loss of what she now, more than ever, be- the resentment of Louis XIV., in consequence of some to Cymon, and Eleanor to Iphigene, in Dryden's Fa- lieved would have been her happy prospects. And for treachery he practised in a negotiation for the surrenble and to imitate 6 his stupid care of fond sur. prise," while he looked at Eleanor, till at length she Whether Edward Vincent was or was not conscious der of a Mantuan fortress to the French, and who, being was induced to dismiss him finally. But when she saw of the advantage which he bad gained, he had not a
inveigled into the French territory, was there seized, him leave the house, after he had received his dismis- remnant of his former awkwardness; he spoke with May 1679, and conveyed as prisoner to St Marguerite sal, her eye watched him so wistfully till he was out Auency, and moved with grace. True it was, that he by M. St Mars, by whom he was subsequently removed of sight, and then she beaved so deep a sigh, that Ma. came to the house of Eleanor's friends every day—that to various prisons in succession, as his jailor happened ria sarcastically exclaimed, “Shall we call Cymon he showed Eleanor his cottages and his school-house, to be translated from one to another, till he finally setback, poor Iphigene? It is not too late,” she added, and accompanied the ladies in their rides and drives ; tled in the Bastile. The chain of evidence upon which running to the window ; "here, Cymon! here !” “It but he never offered to show Eleanor his own house, this surmise is grounded appears to be deficient in is too late," said Eleanor, sighing again ; “and now and this was a proof to her that he no longer wished
ene link, and accordingly it cannot be considered as that he is to come hither no more, I must desire that her to be its mistress. Her friend thought it a proof perfectly satisfactory. This has given scope to the rehe be neither mimicked nor ridiculed.” Soon after, of the contrary, but was too wise to say so, especially vival of an old theory, which represented the prisoner Edward Vincent sold his house in the neighbourhood, as the confusion and awkwardness, once Edward Vin.
as a twin-brother of Louis XIV., consigned to durance and went, as it was said, on his travels, but was still cent's, seemed now, at times, transferred to poor Elea, in order to prevent a contest for the crown. Only a rendembered with kindness by her, and respect by her nor herself, who would have been glad to have heard few months ago, the French newspapers contained a parents; especially as his change of residence was at. him stammer and lisp again, and by his sheepish stare letter written by M. A. Belliard, formerly secretarytributed to his unfortunate attachment.
of admiration, have deserved to be likened to Cymon general to the Minister of the Interior, in which that Nearly a twelvemonth afterwards, Eleanor's sisters in the fable.
gentleman stated that he had seen, in the public ar. accompanied a near relation abroad, and she was per- In the meanwhile Edward Vincent, who, in his chives, a manuscript relation by N. St Mars, which mitted to visit a friend of hers, who was lately mar- heart, was no uninterested observer of what was pass- described the Prisoner with the Mask as what is above ried, and residing near Edinburgh.
ing, saw, that as Eleanor was now left to her own un. As soon as Eleanor was settled in her new abode, biassed judgment, that judgment was in his favour ; been his guardian and keeper from the hour of his
stated, and represented St Mars himself as having her friend said to her, “So, my dear Eleanor, your and being, therefore, convinced that he was now not birth till his death. Belliard gives, from recollection, mother writes me word that you have been so foolish likely to be refused, he called on her silent but obser- the following statement from the manuscript :-"It as to refuse a very charming man, and an excellent vant friend, to lay his whole case before her. Be
was predicted to the queen, Anne of Austria (consort offer." “Charming! Oh, no!” replied Eleanor, ginning by asking her whether Eleanor bad told- of Louis XIII.], that she should bring forth twins, blushing, “ amiable, I own, buta"
- But whal, my
which should one day be the cause of great troubles in dear ?" “ Oh! my sisters could not bear him, they terrupting him, “ to tell me anything; but I am too
the kingdom. The queen was struck with this pre. thought him such a quiz, and used to laugh at him penetrating, my dear friend, not to have discovered diction. Arrived at the moment of her accouchement, so much !” “ Indeed !--that was the case, was it?" everything ; but say no more to me; you will find she was delivered of a boy, whose birth was verified replied her friend, who well knew the satirical turn of Eleanor alone in the library." He took the hint, and after the official mode. When the court attendants the sisters, and their influence over her yielding mind; when Eleanor's sisters returned from abroad, they had retired, with the exception of her own imme. “ but he was not their lover; if he had_but no, per- found her, to the great joy of their parents, the happy, diate servants, the queen was again seized with the haps, he would not, even then, have fared much better, wife of Cymon, alias Edward Vincent. Pledge of pains of labour, and was soon delivered of a second except they bad been on the verge of old-maidism. Friendship, 1828.
prince; which immediately recalled and seemed so far Pray, what is his name? That your mother refuses to
to verify the prediction which had been made to her. tell ine." * And very justly,” said Eleanor; “names,
THE PRISONER IN THE IRON MASK.
In our ancient jurisprudence, it was considered that on such occas ons, it is dishonourable to mention.”
the last-born twin was the eldest. It was decided, “Right,” replied the other ; " but woman's curiosity One of the most remarkable prisoners known to have therefore, to conceal this second birth ; and the infant is, you know, proverbial."
ever been confined in the Bastile, was an individual was delivered to M. de Saint Mars, who was ordered A few days afterwards, her friend told her that she described in history by the designation of the Man in to depart immediately for Bourgogne, where he had had invited a very agreeable young man to dinner, the Iron Mask. The first and most remarkable ac
a residence. Arrived at the age of sixteen, the young who was lately come amongst them, and had already
man suspected that the messages which came from made himself popular in the neighbourhood, by build count given of him was in Voltaire's Age of Louis
time to time from the court related to himself. Proing cottages and a school-room, and by other useful xiv. According to that writer, some months after fiting by a momentary absence of M. de Saint Mars, actions and kindnesses of a private and public nature.
the death of Cardinal Mazarin (1661), an unknown he forced open the lock of a cabinet in which that per. "But it is time for you to dress," added she ; “and prisoner, young, and of noble appearance, distinguished son kept his letters ; and he read enough to discover pray try to look your best.”
M. de Saint Mars, when he When the dinner-bell rang, and Eleanor, hanging found secrecy to the state prison in the Isle St Marstature, and great beauty of person, was sent in pro. who in reality he was.
returned and found what had taken place, ordered on her friend's arm, entered the room, the first person
him on the peril of his life to be silent as to his discowhom she saw was Edward Vincent His impulse, guerite, on the coast of Provence. The unfortunate very. Having immediately sent off a courier to the on seeing her, and seeing her unexpectedly, was to
wore, when travelling, a mask, so contrived by means court with the news, he received orders to proceed to depart directly; but he conquered his feelings, and of steel springs that he could take his meals without the Isle Saint Margaret with his pupil, who then bestayed. Probably he observed her blushing, embar. uncovering his face, a peremptory order having been
came his prisoner. M. de Saint Mars repeats frequently rassed surprise, and believed it was not the blush of given, that, if he disclosed his features, he should be youth: he speaks of the gentleness of his character, and
that he took always the greatest care of the unfortunate vexation. with tolerable ease, and had less dificulty thau Elea instantly put to death. The minister, Louvois, paid of the resignation with which he supported a captivity nor in telling the host and hostess, what they could him a visit, and spoke to him standing, and with an which was only to finish at his death.” But chrono. not belp discovering untold, that Miss and him attention that implied respect. On one occasion he logy is grievously at issue with this relation. If the self were old acquaintances ; while the sagacious hostess drew her own conclusions from what she saw, it out of the window of his apartment; it was picked death; and it is not at all likely that si Mars could wrote something with a knife upon a plate, and threw prisoner was a twin-brother of Louis XIV., he must
have been born in 1638, and been sixty-five at bis and was far gone in secret prognostics before the day
up by a fisherman, who brought it to the governor of have been the keeper of any individual during so long “Eleanor,” said she, at night, when she followed the fort. The man was rigidly examined, and on its a life. In order to be entrusted with such a charge
room, “how do you like our new neigh. being ascertained that he could not read, the governor at first, St Mars would have required to be at least bour ?" “Oh! he is very good, I know." “Good; dismissed him with the remark, that he was lucky in thirty: supposing this to have been the case, he must no, that you can not know, except from our report." | his ignorance. In 1698, when the governor St Mars / have acceded to the coinmand of the Bastile at ninety, * But, you know, he is no stranger to me." That
and been nearly a hundred when the prisoner died. is clear enough ; but, has he not good manners ?” was appointed to the same office in the Bastile, he car.
Setting aside this part of the narration, it seems likely "Ye-es, now ; but how very odd !-be used to look so ried the Masked Prisoner along with him, and there that the Masked Prisoner was a person whose features sheepish when he visited us." “ No wonder, for I the unfortunate was remarked to be attended with contained some such danger to the state as what might friend of mine, and knew her sisters were full of sa. fuis peut he was in love then with a certain young great ceremony, and supplied with many luxuries have accrued from the pretensions of a twin brother tire and malicious laughter whenever they saw him ;
which no other prisoner was per:nitted to enjoy: The probable that so much care would be taken with a perfor I know he is a inodest man, and I am convinced governor seldom sat down in his presence. He was
son of the order of Matthioli. he was then your lover.".
fond of music, and had a passion for lace and fine Thę Bastile was one of the first parts of the old “Was your lover !" Eleanor did not quite like the linen. The physician of the prison had inspected his system of things which fell beneath the outbreaking
her to her
rage of the French people in 1789. On July 14th of mon in some parts of England, the usage being ap. fite upon me.' The king replied, that he was amazed that year, during the commotions which followed the parently one of those evils which not even the progress at such a request from a man who could neither shape dismissal of M. Necker from the royal counsels, the of intelligence is able to overcome. In Holland, the
• Sir,' rejoined the poet, that maks nae mob of Paris, after taking the Hospital of the Inva. custom prevails to an almost inconceivable extent. matter, for you have given bishopricks and benetices lids, proceeded to the terrific prison which had so long In Rotterdam, for instance, every lady or gentleman to mony standing here about you, and yet they can insulted humanity, justice, and all the more sacred who calls on or visits a friend or a neighbour, is ex. nouther teach nor preach, and why not Í as weill be feelings that connect man with man. A brief but pected to give a small silver coin, value tivepence, at your taylor, though I can nouther shape nor sew, fierce and sanguinary siege took place, and the people, least, to the servant on departing. No one who values seeing teaching and preaching are nae less requisite enraged beyond bounds by the loss of some of their his character dares to break through the usage; and to their vocation than shaping and sewing to ane tayfriends, who fell under the fire of the garrison, bat- visiting thus becomes, as may be supposed, a seriously lor.'. The effect of this well managed jeu d'esprit upon tered a breach in the gate, and pouring into the cas- expensive luxury.
the bystanders, many of whom came within its range, tle, soon made themselves masters of it, and took the
may be readily conceived. Whatever might be their garrison prisoners. The governor and other officers
PARK'S FIRST JOURNEY IN AFRICA.
feelings on the subject, James himself enjoyed it were taken to the Hotel de Ville, condemned, and
greatly, and found much amusement in contemplat
“Whatever way I turned (says Park), nothing appeared but the people did not leave one stone of it standing, and immediately after executed. As for the prison itsell; danger and diiħculty. I saw myself in the midst of a vast wilder. / ing the angry looks which it occasioned.” ness; in the depth of the rainy season, naked and alone, sur
ENGLISH AND French MANNERS.-If the various accordingly the space which it occupied is now a level
rounded by savage animals, and men still more savage. occupations of Englishmen divide them more from the and paved area.
five hundred miles from the nearest European settlement. fair sex than the futile pleasures of the French, we this moment, painful as my reflections were, the extraordinary cannot but think that though there may be some
beauty of a small moss in fructification irresistibly caught my eye. cause for regret, on both sides, for this separation, CUSTOM OF GIVING VAILS TO
I mention this to show from what trifling circumstances the mind yet the advantages of our system more than compen. SERVANTS.
will sometimes derive consolation, for, though the whole plant sate its defects. The men remain more men than (From Dr King's Anecdotes of his own Times. London, was not larger than the top of one of my fingers, I could not when softened by the perpetual presence of females. Murray, 1819.)
contemplate the delicate conformation of its roots, leaves, and Their minds are more masculine, more capable of the The custom of giving money to servants is now be capsula, without admiration. Can that Being, thought I, who
great affairs to which they seem destined by nature, come such a grievance (this was about 1760), that it planted, watered, and brought to perfection, in this obscure part
and not unfitted for any of the minor social relations. seems to demand the interposition of the legislature to of the world, a thing which appears of so small importance, look
The women have more leisure for their domestic con. abolish it. How much are foreigners astonished, with unconcern upon the situation and sufferings of creatures when they observe that a man cannot dine at any formed after his own image? Surely not. I started up, and, dis
cerns, more time for improvement; and, as they know
that their mates and partners will return to them with house in England, not even with his father or his regarding both hunger and fatigue, travelled forward, assured that brother, or with any other of his nearest relations, or relief was at hand, and I was not disappointed."
invigorated minds, it is natural that they should en.
deavour to meet them on the same heights. The avo. most intimate friends and companions, unless he pay
The following verses on the above affecting incident, have been for his dinner!
cations of the men to public meetings, public dinners, written by Alexander Letham, an inmate of the Asylum for the But how can they behold without Blind, at Edinburgh.
&c. and the seclusion in which the ladies live during indignation or contempt a man of quality standing by his guests, while they are distributing money to a
Ah! lovely flower, what care, what power,
those moments, are, we are convinced of it, favour. double row of his servants ? If, wben I am invited
In thy fair structure are displayed
able to both parties; and their meeting again, when By him who reared thee to this hour
those are past, has no taste of satiety. The exclu. to dine with any of my acquaintance, I were to send
Within the forest's lonely shade!
sive tea-table may sometimes be as dull as Madame the master of the house a sirloin of beef for a present,
de Staël has described it in her Corinna, and the it would be considered as a gross affront; and yet as Thy tender stalk, and fibres fine, soon as I shall have dined, or before I leave the
Here find a shelter from the storm ;
evening sittings of the gentlemen may be now and house, I must be obliged to pay for the sirloin which
Perhaps no human eyes but mine
then abusive. But we are persuaded that were these was brought to his table, or placed on the sideboard.
Ere gazed upon thy lovely form.
daily secessions to be abolished, as in France, both
sexes would be the worse for it, and the nation would For I contend that all the money which is bestowed The dew-drop glistens on thy leal,
lose a part of its greatness.—Quart. Rev. on the servants is given to the master. For if the
As if thou seem'st to shed a tear; servants' wages were increased in some proportion to
As if thou knew'st my tale of grief;
BENEFICENCE.-Man is naturally a beneficent
creature. their vails (which is the practice of a few great fami
Felt all my sufferings severe !
The greatest pleasure wealth can afford,
is that of doing good. All men of estates are in effect lies, the Duke of Norfolk's, Mr Spencer's, Sir Francis But, ah! thou know'st not my distress,
but trustees for the benefit of the distressed, and will Dash wood's, &c.), this scandalous custom might be
In danger here from beasts of prey, totally extinguished.
be so reckoned when they are to give an account. I remember a Lord Poor, a And robbed of all I did possess,
Defer not charities till death: he that doch so is ra. Roman Catholic Peer of Ireland, who lived upon a
By men more fierce by far than they.
ther liberal of another man's substance than of his small pension which Queen Anne had granied him : Nor canst thou ease my burdened sigh,
Reckon upon benetits well placed as a treasure he was a man of honour, and well esteemed, and had
Nor cool the fever at my heart,
that is laid up, and account thyself the richer for that formerly been an officer of some distinction in the Though to the zephyrs passing by
which thou givest a worthy person. It is part of a service of France. The Duke of Orinonde had often
Thou dost thy balmy sweets impart.
charitable inan's epitaph, What I possessed, is left invited him to dinner, and he as often excused him.
Yet He that formed thee, little plant,
to others ; what I gave away, remains with me." Do self. At last the duke kindly expostulated with him,
And bade thee flourish in this place,
good with what thou hast, or it will do thee no good. and would know the reason why he so constantly re
Who sees and feels my every want,
Den of the noblest dispositions think themselves hapfused to be one of his guests. My Lord Poor then
Can still support me by His grace.
piest when others share with them in their happiness. honestly confessed he could not afford it : “but," says
Oft has His arm, all strong to save,
It is better to be of the number of those who need re. he, “if your grace will put a guinea into my hands as
Protected my defenceless head,
lief, than of those who want hearts to give it. No ob. often as you are pleased to invite me to dine, I will not
From ills I never could perceive, decline the honour of waiting on you."
ject is more pleasing to the eye, than the sight of a This was Nor could my feeble hand have staid.
man whom you have obliged ; nor any music sv agree. done ; and my lord was afterwards a frequent guest in St James's Square. For my part, whenever I am
Then shall I still pursue my way
able to the ear, as the voice of one that owns you for invited to the table of any of my noble friends, I
O'er this wild desert's sun-burnt soil,
his benefactor.From a Scrap Book.
To where the ocean's swelling spray have the vanity to imagine that my company is de
MASTER AND SLAVE.-Aidst the intoxication
Washes my longed-for, native isle. sired for the sake of my conversation ; and there is
of his anger, Usbek, an Eastern monarch, swore certainly no reason why I should give the servants
he would put an innocent slave to death. Already money because I give the master pleasure. Besides,
ODDS AND ENDS.
his murdering hand, waving over the victim a me. I have observed the servants of every great house consider these vails to be as much their due as the fees unless when
they are scrubbing, brushing, sweeping: fury,” said the slave, bending under the destructive A MANAGING WIFE.--Some women are never happy nacing cimeter, was going to besprinkle the dust
with his blood : "Strike, inhuman master, gratify thy which are claimed in the customhouse, or in any other or otherwise toiling in household affairs, although
steel. public office; and therefore they make no distinction they have servants to do all that they require. The
“Thou mayest deprive me of life : use thy between a gentleman of L.200 a year, and one of Honourable Henry Erskine's first wife was one of this power ; but remember that, by making me a sacrifice, L.2000; although they look on the former as inferior class, and her extreme nervous irritability and ec
avenging remorse will rob thee of the two greatest in every respect to themselves. Upon the whole, centric ways, it may be supposed, did not contribute
sweets of thy existence, esteem of thyself, and peace if this custom, which is certainly a disgrace to our greatly to Harry's domestic happiness. One of her
of mind.” Úsbek's wrath immediately subsided, and country, is to continue in force, I think it may at least peculiarities consisied in not retiring to rest at the
he acknowledged the horror of the intended deed : be practised in a better manner. Suppose there were usual hours. She would frequently employ half the
“Live,” replied he ; “I am now sensible that hapwritten in large gold letters over the door of every night in examinivg the wardrobe of the family, to see
piness ends wbere crime begins.” man of rank, “The fees for dining here are three that nothing was missing, and that every thing was
MAGNANIMITY.- When the Emperor Vespasian balf-crowns (or ten shillings] to be paid to the por. in its proper place. The following is told as a proof commanded a Roman senator to give his voice against ter on entering the house: peers or peeresses to pay of her oddities:-One morning, about two or three the interest of his country, and threatened him with what more they think proper.” By this regulation o'clock, having been uusuccessful in a search, she immediate death if he spoke on the other side, the two inconveniences would be avoided : first, the dif- awoke Mr Erskine from a sound sleep by putting to
Roman, conscious that the attempt to serve a people ficulty of distinguishing, amongst a great number, him this important interrogatory, Harry, lovie,
was in his power, though the event was ever so unthe quality of the servants. I, who am near-sighted, where's your white waistcoat ?"
certain, answered with a smile, “ Did I ever tell you have sometimes given the footman what I designed Davie LINDSAY.—Sir David Lindsay of the Mount, that I was inmortal? My virtue is in my own disfor the butler, and the butler has had only the foot. who lived at the beginning of the sixteenth century, posal, my life in your's ; do you what you will, I shall man's fee : for which the butler treated me with no and rose in the world by having been employed as a
do what I opght: and if I fall in the service of my small contempt, until an opportunity offered of cor. humble attendant on James V. while a child, pos- country, I shall have more triumph in my death, than recting my error. prevent the shame which every master of a family found vent in a number of humorous and satirical Ay from Mexico, no less than 1.275,000 worth are But, secondly, this method would sessed an extraordinary talent for ridicule, which you in all your laurels.”
VALUE OF SMALL INSECTS._Of the small cochineal cannot help feeling whilst he sees his guests giving poems. He was the Burns of his day. His poems about their shillings and half.crowns to his servants. were in every mouth. Ainong the lower orders be consumed in Great Britain annually—a vast amount He may then conduct them boldly to his door, and was especially popular. His broad humour delighted for 80 small a creature, and well calculated to show take his leave with a good grace. My Lord Taatfe them beyond measure, and there was scarcely one of
us the absurdity of despising any animals on account fo Ireland, a general officer in the Austrian service, them but could repeat large portions of “ Davie Lind- of their minuteness, came into England a few years ago on account of his say" from memory. Of the felicity and point with
Human LIFE.-I have always thought, says a reprivate affairs. When his friends, who had dined which Davie could exercise his dangerous gift of sa
cent writer, that life is too short to waste any portion with him, were going away, he always attended them tire, the following curious instance is related by Dr
of it in fretting at the prosperity of others. to the door; and if they offered any money to the Irving in his life of the poet :-" The king being servant who opened it (for he never suffered but one one day surrounded by a numerous train of nobility LORDON: Published, with Permission of the Proprietors, by Orr servant to appear), he always prevented them, say
& Smith, Paternoster Row; G. BERGXA, Holywell Street, and prelates, Lindsay approached him with due reve.
Strand; BANCKS & Co., Manchester: WRIGHTSON & WEBB, ing, in his manner of speaking English, “If you do rence, and began to prefer an humble petition that he Birmingham; WILLMER & SMITH, Liverpool; W. E. SOMERgive, give it to me, for it was I that did buy the din. would iustall him in an office which was then vacant. SCALE, Leeds; C. N. WHIGHT, Nottingham; WESTLRY & Co. Der. I have,' said he, “servit your grace lang, and luik
Bristol; S. SIMMS, Bath; J. JOHNSON, Cambridge; W. Gain,
Exeter; J. PURDON, Hull; G. RIDGE, Sherield; H. BRLLERBY, Had Dr King lived till our own times, he would to be rewardit as others are, and now your maister York; J. TAYLOR, Brighton; and sold by all Booksellers, have been still more surprised to learn that the cus. taylor, at the pleasure of God, is departit, wherefore
Newsmen, &e, in town and country. tom of visitors giving money to servants is still com. I wald desire of your grace to bestow this little bene.
Stereotyped by A. Kirkwood, Edinburgh.
CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM AND ROBERT CHAMBERS, EDITORS OF “ CHAMBERS'S HISTORICAL NEWSPAPER.”
THE DELUSIVE NOTIONS OF SUCCESSIVE meanest individual; who contracted no debts that he council of Edinburgh used the strongest language in AGES.
could not pay; and thought every breach of morality representing “ the abounding of vice and immorality, EVERY successive age thinks itself the cleverest that unbecoming the character of a gentleman ; who stu- particularly horrid cursing and swearing, breach of ever existed but is usua ly disposed to look back upon died to be useful to society, so far as his opportunities the Lord's day, drunkenness," and other vices wbich the preceding as its superior in virtue. We readily or abilities enabled him.” Alas, how changed was the need not be specified. Nay, Patrick Walker, in his acknowledge the morality of our fathers, but are care fine fellow of 1783 !-"one who could drink three Life of Peden, written about this time, mentions that ful to allow them a very small share of understand. bottles ; who discharged all debts of honour, and eva- the young men had become so luxurious in profligacy, ing. Excellent stupid people we think them—every ded payment of every other ; who swore immoderately, as to have the newest-fashioned oaths sent regularly man innocent himself, and trusting to find the like and before ladies, and talked of his word of honour; down to them from the metropolis. Those who have innocence in his neighbours—a worthy honest race, who ridiculed religion and morality as folly and hypo- read the satirical writings of Swift and Pope, and the who troubled themselves very little to ascertain the crisy (but without argument); who was forward in preceptive papers of Addison and Steele, will not reprinciples of anything, and were good they knew not all the fashionable follies of the time; and who disre. quire to be reminded of the dissolute manners which how or wherefore.
garded the interests of society, or the good of man- prevailed at this period in all departments of British The writer of an article entitled “The Old Cut,” kind, if they interfered with his own vicious selfish society. But it is needless thus to pursue retreating which lately appeared in our paper, went largely into pursuits and pleasures.” About the time when Mr virtue through all the successive stages of our national this notion, and endeavoured to show that the young Creech was writing, Dr Vicesimus Knox, whose ob- history. Were we to go back to Horace and Juve. men of his own early day, about fifty years ago, were
servations extended over a wider circle of society, nal, we should find such calculations made as to the almost "unexceptionably steady and well-behaved,
wrote thus respecting young men—“Far more take rapidly increasing wickedness of mankind, as, if true, without any vices corresponding to those which dis- pains to shine amidst the little circle of their vicious would have long since left us in a state too horrible to tinguish existing youth. Strange to say, on looking acquaintance, in the character of gay libertines, than be imagined. into the books of the time referred to, we find the very to acquire, by useful qualities, the esteem of the good. It is not only, however, respecting the morality of same complaints made as to the rising generation of From motives of vanity, health and peace are sacri- mankind that such delusive notions are entertained : that day, as are so loudly trumpeted respecting the ficed, fortunes lavished without credit or enjoyment,
we hear much in the present day respecting the cul. present. In the Mirror, a periodical paper, conducted every relative and personal duty neglected, and reli- tivation of general knowledge by ladies, of their atby Mr Mackenzie, and which was published in the gion boldly set at defiance. To be admitted into the tendance upon scientific lectures, of their blue-stocking years 1779 and 1780, an old gentleman, full of the vir. company of those who disgrace the family title which habits, and so forth. Yet Mr Mackenzie, between fifty tuous notions of the then old school, álls the fourth they inherit, thousands plunge into debauchery with and sixty years ago, was full of remarks upon the innumber with an account of his two sons, who had been out passion, into drunkenness without convivial en creasing learning of the female sex, and could in no completely demoralised by a residence in Paris, and who joyment, into gaming without the means or inclina. other way account for the brevity of the dresses of his despised their unpretending father “ for the want of tion for play.”
fair contemporaries, than by supposing their attention those frivolous accomplishments on which they valued It being thus proved that the young gentlemen of to be too exclusively engrossed in the adornment of themselves so highly.” Another ancient and honour. the eighties were no better than they should be, our the head, to allow of their taking any care of the other able gentleman, in the ninth number, tells how greatly next business is to go back twenty or thirty years far. extremity. We hear complaints as to the foolish he was shocked, on visiting the theatre for the first ther, and endeavour to ascertain if those who were old dances which have lately substituted mere romping time in twenty years, to see the conduct of the young in 1779, were what they pretended to have been in for elegance; yet Ward, the author of the London men in the upper boxes. In the fifty-seventh number, their own young days. It is, in the first place, not Spy, who wrote at the beginning of the eighteenth a travelled man, newly come home, attends an assem. very favourable to Mr Creech's theory, that the most century, describes something exactly similar as being bly, and finds the lady directress surrounded by a conspicuous article of native intelligence in the Scots in vogue at that time. “All things being now in or. number of persons of both sexes, who all “spoke at Magazine for 1762, is one respecting the alarming der,” says he, in his chapter on the dancing-school, the same time, and some of them, as I thought, with prevalence of the crime of infanticide, and that the “Monsieur Shakelegs faces about to his fair company a voice and gesture rather rough and vehement.” He General Assembly of 1760 was very generally peti- of female pupils, whom he had brought under such is told that the real men of fashion are not yet come tioned for a national fast, "on account of the great discipline that at one word of command they adin, and presently he hears a loud noise at the lower increase of vice and immorality, owing in no small de- vanced forward from their seats, seeming all to be as end of the ball. “There they come,' said the lady gree to the growing profanation of the Sabbath.” In ready to put themselves upon a gallop as so many directress, and I soon perceived a number of young the periodical paper called the World, published in post-horses. When they had drawn themselves into gentlemen staggering up the room, all of them flus. 1753 by Mr Edward Moore, author of the Gamester, a ring, like so many country people going to play at tered, some of them. perfectly intoxicaled. Their be. a worthy old gentleman employs himself in the twenty-drop-glove, very concise orders were dispatched to the haviour (I forbear lo mention the particulars) was such ninth number to describe what he suffered through listening Crowdero to play the Brawls ; which being as might be expected.” At another place, the editor the fashionable follies of his wife, son, and daughter. done, the master led up his scholars, and away they himself says—“I perceive, in the pit of the playhouse. The profligacy of the son is set down by the editor as scoured round the room after one another, as if they some young men who bave got fuddled in punch, as only an instance of what was to be observed in all pub. were playing a train.tro ; at which kind of sport they noisy and as witty as the gentlemen in the boxes, who lic places, and as, in his opinion, the unavoidable re. continued till they had tired the company, much worse have been drinking Burgundy.” Mr Mackenzie's sult of imperfect or erroneous education. “The an. than themselves, before they altered into any variety."* testimony is, however, less decisive than that of his cients," says he, “began the education of their children Chaucer says that there is no new fashion that is not publisher, Mr Creech, who, in a series of Letters ad- by forming their hearts and their manners. They old ; and the remark, in as far as it anticipates the dressed to Sir John Sinclair, respecting the changes taught them the duty of men and citizens; we teach inference from these facts, is its own confirmation. of manners between 1763 and 1783, characterises the them the language of the ancients, and leave their Even that system of cheap literature, by which some one period as remarkable for decency, dignity, and morals and manners to shift for themselves.” In the wise people think that real learning will soon be overdelicacy, and the other as equally marked by dissipa. forty-ninth number, a definition is given of a modern thrown, is not peculiar to the present age. Major Toption and licentiousness. “Many people," says he, gentleman, exactly corresponding in every particular ham, in his Letters from Edinburgh, dated in 1775,
ceased (in 1783] to blush at what would formerly with Mr Creech's fine fellow of 1783. He is repre. states that the business of publishing has been there have been reckoned a crime.” He says it was fashionsented as a person with a tolerable suit of clothes, and carried to perfection. I mean that perfection which able at the one period to go to church, and it was held a sword by his side, who may lie with impunity, if he includes every requisite in a book at the smallest price disgraceful to be seen on the streets during public be ready to demonstrate his veracity with a pistol, possible. A bookseller in this city is now printing a worship; but that, in 1783, attendance on church was abuse and starve his wife and sisters, pay no debts but complete set of the English classics in duodecimo; greatly neglected the streets were far from being those contracted in gaming, and do every thing else he which, with the addition of a very handsome binding, void of people during worship—the Sunday evenings pleases, except decline single combat, or cheat at play amount only to eighteen-pence. It is such productions were signalised by riots—and domiciliary visiting had -a dispensation being allowed even in the last parti. as these that do honour to a country." Again, there been given up by the clergy. “In 1763," says this cular, if the transaction be done at a horse-match. is a very general impression amongst us, that the taste observer, “a young man was termed a fine fellow,
If we go back to the time when the veterans of 1753 for the legitimate drama has lately experienced a dewho, to a well-informed and accomplished mind added and 1763 were young, we find reason to believe that cline, and that spectacles and buffoonery have come in elegance of manners, and a conduct guided by princi- they were then in no respect better than their chil. ple; one who would not have injured the rights of the dren. In an address in the throne in 1722, the town
Ward's Works, ii., 226.
" If my
place of the sorrows of Belvidera and the humours of to a xense of the number of lectures attended by fe- the rest. Her beauty alone might have softei.ed any Major O'Flaherty. What says the Edinburgh Maga- males, the ridiculous appearance of gallopades, and Her forehead was high and polished, her mouth zine for 1799 upon this subject ?
" When we turni
pantomimes, the number of books published cheaply, well formed and set off with pearly teeth, and her face
and vast machinery in existence for the diffusion of a graceful oval. Her complexion was clear brunette, our eyes to the theatre, we observe crowds of every knowledge among all classes ; and immediately, with with not a high, though healthy, colour. Her silky rank pressing to see pantomimes and puppet-show, out the least reflection, we exclaim that taste degene. hair and eyes at tirst seemed black, but were in truth too contemptible to le criticised, too despicable to be rates and real learning declines, in proportion to their very dark-brown; though the long jetty lashes that described, and the representation of which ought to being spread over large surfaces : altogether uncon. shaded the latter gave them alternately the softuess be considered as an insult to a civilised and learned scious that the same observations were made in the of the gazelle and keenness of the eagle. She was nation ; were not the managers excused by the de- days of our fathers, our grand fathers, and our great- small for her age, but, as is not uncommon in such praved taste of the public, and the applause so unic grandfathers
. It is to be hoped that the attempt which caves
, was precocious to a wonderful degree. So read, we have kere made to show the prevalence of these was ber wit, so pertinent and original her observa. versally and lavishly bestowed upon these miserable hastily adopted and delusive impressions in all ages, tions, that the whole of the cabin passengers were performances." (vol. xiii. 244.) Yes, say the admi- will be of soine small service in putting men upon their often, at the same time, putting questions or listening
to her remarks. rers of the legitimate drama, but look back to the age guard against adopting or admitting them in the pre
We had been out ten days when a storm sprung up of Garrick : that was the true era of a just and ele. sent, and in those which are to come.
so violent, that for three days the dead-lights were in, vated theatrical taste. Well, what says the World
and the hatches closed down. My sea-sickness re. for October the 25th, 1753 ? “Happy it is for us, that
turning, I kept my bed the whole time. One night
A STORY. we live in an age of taste, when the dumb, eloquence My father was a respectable farmer in the neighbour in the morning to go on deck and take a walk, as was
the wind lulled, and I slept soundly. I arose early and manual wit Harlequin is justly preferred to
hood of Glasgow. His fortune merely enabled him to my daily habit in good weather. The sailors were the whining of tragedy and the vulgarity of comedy. live in comfort, and to educate his two sons and a pumping out the ship; as the tightest vessel leaks a When certain reformations can be brought about, daughter substantially, and with some degree even of little, and many people even assert that this is neces. every body," says this ironical satirist, “must allow accomplishment. He frequently told us that he would sary to keep it sweet. It struck me that the water that a pantomime will be a most rational and instruc-educate us the best he could, but that we must expect drawn out was not so offensive as bilge water gene
At the age of fifteen, a good oppor- rally is. After the pumping had continued much tive entertainment. How pleased will the town be tunity occurring, I was placed as a clerk and book- longer than usual, the captain ordered the well to be this winter, to read in one of the articles of news in keeper with a mercer ; but this person in the course sounded. the Public Advertiser, We hear that, at each of the of three years afterwards was obliged to wind up his “ Well, captain," gaily asked a passenger, hare theatres-royal, there is an entire new pantomime now
atřairs, and I was turned adrift on the world. I re- you water enough in the hold ?” in rehearsal, and that the principal parts will be per.
turned once more to my parents. However, I did “ Yes," answered the captain, turning pale
than enough—there is four feet.” formed by Mr Garrick, Mr Woodward, Mr Mossop,
A sea captain of our acquaintance, hearing my situ. “ For any sake, put into the next port !" Mrs Cibber, and Mrs Pritchard, at Drury Lane ; audation alluded to while he was with the family one
" And that is more than a thousand miles off !” at Covent Garden by Mr Quin, Mr Lun, Mr Barry, evening, said, in a jocular tone, “Well, Allan, how This dismal news spread immediately, and in a few Miss Nossiler,' &c. It is not to be doubted that a would you like a trip with me to the United States ?” | monients the affrighted passengers, inen and women,
“I would be delighied with it," I replied. “ Would were on deck, crowding round the captain, and asking pantomime so acted would run through a whole sea.
you, indeed! You have only to get ready, then; for a hundred burried questions. son to the politest as well as the most crowded au. Í shall be off for New York next week.”
“My friends," said he, “ you must prepare for the diences.” The writer further insinuates, that, if the parents consent, my preparations are soon made."' ' worst.
Our only hope is in keeping the pumps ac. best authors of the day were to lend their assistance After some demur, and a short delay of a day or two, tively going, and every one must take his turn ; mean. in composing these productions, there would not be
their cnsent was procured ; and in due time I found while, I hope we may at all events fall in with a ship.” "a hundred people at any one rout in town, except lying at Greenock ready for putting to sea. myself on the deck of my friend the captain's vessel, The reqnest was readily agreed to, as he himself set
the example, and laboured harder than a commor it wus of a Sunday.” Such was the theatrical taste, Our ship was soon under sail, and with a brisk sailor. Our ship was loaded with dry goods, and the and such the general morality of 1753.
breeze on the quarter we moved rapidly down the hold filled with coal and iron.castings, whicb last, ac. But the great general character of this age—the Clyde. The captain advised me to remain on deck cording to many, created the leak; but it was more march-of-intellect idea itself-turns out to be a de
in order to dispel sea-sickness, though I feel aware probably occasioned by the straining of the seams in that he thought the company and succession of new
the late storm, The water still gaining, the hatches lusion. According to one set of philosophers, we are
objects would dissipate my melancholy. We had were ordered to be opened, and the cargo thrown great diffusers of knowledge now-a-days, but do very about a dozen cabin passengers, and not less than overboard, in order to lighten the vessel. You may little in the way of adding to its stock; science, in sixty in the steerage; the latter mostly pour people readily conceive that I felt some unpleasant emotions deed, is held to be on the decline, and original litera. from the Highlands, and some weavers out of employ. in consigning my little all to the deep; thongh they ture also, and all through the exclusive prosperity Inent from Paisley and Renfrew.
were soon stilled by the rapid approach of danger.
I was particularly struck by an English man and The long-boat was now clearcd, and preparatioa which follows the efforts of the popular lecturer and
woman that remained apart from the rest. The hus. made for rigging her. As soon as this was observed, the compiler. According to another set, we are doing band leaned against the bulwarks near the forecastle, all commenced bringing their effects above, until the great things for those classes who have hitherto known his cheek pale, his teeth clenched, his lips compressed, deck was screwed with bundles, trunks, chests, boxes, little of liberal education, and must soon work a great and a hand pressed bard on his brow. The wife was clothes-bags, and even biid-cages. Indeed there was improrement in society. All agree that the efforts seated, clasping in her arms a little daughter about luggage enough to have freighted a tolerable schooner. made for the diffusion of knowledge are something tears coursed down her face, while her bosom sivelled had toiled from morning till two in the afternoon,
ten years of age. She wept not aloud, but the large What between pumping and lightening the ship, we quite new, and peculiar to this age alone. Now, it as if her heart would burst. She seemed to turn aside, with only hurried mouthfuls of food. While working can be shown incontestibly that the same system ex.
as if she wished not to show the grief she could not at the pump, the captain said to me, in a low voice, isted nearly a century ago. Let the reader only per.
repress. I had noticed her at intervals for more than “Put your money and your watch in your pocket ima use the following extract from Dr Johnson's Preface
two hours. All the others had gained some degree of mediately." I ran down to do s), and found to my
composure; but if she was tranquil for a single mo. horror that the water covered the cabin floor. I re. ty Dodsley's Preceptor, written in 1748, and say if the ment, it was only to renew her weeping more bitterly. sumed mny place at the pump, which choked at every present age could be described in more apt terms :- The daughter seemed not to comprehend her mother's instant from the coal in the hold getting into the " At a time when so many schemes of education have grief; yet seeing that she was unhappy, the little sucker, and at last could not be worked at all. Al. been projected, so many proposals offered to the pub, mother; dear mother, don't cry," in most plaintivé pump snapped in two. The captain immediately had
ching kissed her repeatedly, exclaiming, “Don't cry, most at the same moment the iron piston of the other hic, so many schools opened for general knowledge, and
All that I could learn of the family was, that a tackle rigged from the yard, and a ten-gallon cask $0 many lectures in particular sciences attended ; at a tine when mankind seems intent rather upon fami.
is it The vessel pasked rapidly the verdanet comes and hold as with a huckled from a wele This was indeed liarising than enlarging the several arts ; and every lofty hills of Bute and Arran, the craig of Ailsa, and like baling out with a thimble. It was evident that I age, ser, and profession, is invited to an acquaintance the rocky cliffs of the Null of Cantire ; and the Paps the water was gaining in spite of onr exertions. with those studies which were formerly supposed ac
of Jura were just appearing as night closed in. The The captain placed all the steerage passengers at
next day we passed the north of Ireland, and the land different jobs, as if there was no immediate dauger. cessible only to such as had devoted themselves to
disappeared. I was so sea-sick that it was not until | As soon as this was done, I noticed bim whispering literary leisure, and dedicated their powers to philo. the third day that I could go on deck with comfort. to each of the cabin passengers in succession. Most sophical inquiries ; it seems requisite that an apology Wue ocean and its thousand waves, capped with fleecy el, and exhibited that kind of composure mingled
of the sailors collected together in one part of the resshould be made for any farther attempt to smooth a white.
with alacrity that always marks them in imminent path so frequently beaten, or to recornmend attainments
My companions were in every respect agreeable. peril. The captain, passing close to me, said, “ Fol. so ardently pursued, and so officiously directed."
According to established usage, there is no inter- low, and keep near me." Hardly had we gained the It would be curious to trace the sources of these de. mingling between the cabin passengers and the lowly leeward, when the long-boat was suddenly lowered, Jusive notions in the ordinary habits of human think occupants of the steerage. Indeed, the captain, who and brought alongside. The cabin passengers and ing. The notion of an increasing immorality is cer.
took sme authority over me, gave me distinctly to sailors in a body quickly clambered down the ladder,
understand that any intercourse with them would be while there was a scream from all parts of the vessel, tainly occasioned by the breadth in which all the less improper. I could not forbear, however, attempting and a general rush. “Pash on," shouted the captain pure and agreeable traits of existing popular manners to make acquaintance with the English family I have
At that instant I saw the English couple and are presented to our observation, while, in surveying before alluded to; but both husband and wife repelled their little daughter, and paused as I was standing the past, or listening to the accounts of it given by our
my advances, as if they wished not to have their situ. on the ladder. Tbe few remaining sailors jumped seniors, we find the corresponding evils thrown very great politeness, and among other things lent me seve. ation pried into. Nevertheless, they behaved with into the jolly.boat, which was soon swamped, and
three men drowned within some yards of us. much into shade. The sentiment of veneration also ral books. The daughter was more sociable. Mi:sing The long-boat was attached to the ship ly a long lends its aid in making us think well of the men and the occupations and variety so necessary to children, rope, or painter, in sea-phrase, and those left on board things of a former age, while many capricious feelings she seemned delighted whenever I came near her. Pro- made several attempts to draw us up to them. The and opinions tend to give us a disgust with the pre.
bably the parents were pleased that the poor child captain, however, assured them he would remain near sent. We are likewise too minch in the habit of draw her familiarity, and very soon she passed the greater found amusement in any way; for they did not check the vessel to the last moment, and render every assist.
ance in bis power, but would put off instantly to sea ing inferences from a narrow tield of observation. part vf every day with ine. At first, the captain in case they did not comply in all respects with his We hear of two mercenary marriages in the course of looked gruf; but seeing that little Catharine was a orders. A pretty rough sea was running, and from a month, and immediately conclude that the age is general favourite, he soon became as fond of her as the bluck ness of the gathering clouds, we had good marked peeuliarly by a system of heartless matrimony;
reason to anticipate a storm. I seriously doubted
* The above is a condensation of a story which appears among whether I would not have done better to have reforgetting, if there were nothing else to remember, the others in a work critica "Nurelichtes va Traveller; cr Odds Harriage a-la-mode of Hogarth. We suddenly awaken lienry Juniis duit."
and Ends from the kila sack Of Thomas singularity: edited by mained on board of the ship, which still Avated New York, 103+.
bravely, than have trusted my life to a frail long