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" As a rose at fairest,
Miss Arabella Morris when threatened by Poor Jack work of old masonry, might be a study at once for the I am glad that she has shot so well to-day; for, trifl. to be made a first lieutenant-“I win a silver arrow!" painter and the architect. The old open porch, too, ing as the object is (and yet it is a pretty English
“Why not ?” rejoined Frances. “I am sure you almost a room, and the hall with its carved chimney: amusement, an old-fashioned national sport-is it not?) were always cleverer than any body: you always car-piece and its arched benches, the wainscoted cham- -triling as the object may be, every thing that tends ried away the prizes at school, and the honours at col- bers, the oak staircases, the upstair chapel (perhaps to give her confidence in herself is of consequence to lege ; and I don't suppose you have lost your ambition. oratory might be the fitter word), the almost conven. her own comfort in society. What a shot was that !" And you will try to v:n the arrow yourself, Horace. tual architecture of some of the arched passages and continued she, as Frances's arrow lodged in the tar. I do not mean to-day, but at the next meeting.” “No, the cloistered inner courts, were in perfect keeping ; get, and the bugles struck up in honour of " a gold" Fanchon; that is too much to promise.” « But you and the admirable taste which had abstained from ad- What a shot ! and how ashamed she is at her will go to the archery with me?". “Yes ; for I wish mitting any thing like modern ornament, was felt by own success! Now you shall see me fail, and not be to see many old friends-amongst the rest, the kind and the whole party, and by none more strongly than by ashamed of my failure." And she shot accordingly, excellent owner of Oakley, and his noble and charm
our fastidious traveller. He immediately fell into con- and did fail; and another round, with nearly equal ing lady: and you have my full permission to bring versation with Mr Oakley, the kind and liberal pro- skill on the part of Frances, and equal want of it on home the silver arrow.”
prietor of the place, and his charming lady (old friends that of her friend, had reversed their situations, and “ I should like to do so, of all things,” replied Fan- of his family), and was listening with interest to his put Miss Vernon at the top of the list : so that when chon, “in spite of your contempt; from which I detail of the iniquities of some former Duke of St Al- the company adjourned to their early dinner, Frances would lay my best arrow that you will soon be con- ban's, who, renting the mansion as being convenient was the favourite candidate, although the two young verted, and my second-best that I could name the con- for the exercise of his function of hereditary grand ladies were, in sporting phrase, neck and neck. verter. But my winning the prize is quite out of falconer, had, in a series of quarrels with another After dinner, however, when the gentlemen joined hope,” continued the young lady ; "there is no hope powerful nobleman (the then Duke of Beaufort), ex- the ladies and the sports recommenced, Miss Page was whatever of my winning the prize ; for though I can tirpated the moorfowl which had previously abounded nowhere to be found. Mrs Page, on her daughter shoot very well here and at the other house- oudite neighbouring heath, when a startling clap on being called for, announced to the secretary that Lucy “ At the other house,” thought Horace, almost start- the shoulders roused his attention, and that nightmare had abandoned the contest; and on being anxiously, ing, as the staring red mansion, of which he had lost of his imagination, Mr Page, stood before him in an questioned by Horace and Frances as to ihe cause of sight during the archery dispute, and Mr Page, with agony.of good-will, noisier and more boisterous than her absence, she avowed that she could not very rell all his iniquities, passed before his mind's eye—“the
tell what was become of her, but that shie fancied she other house! Are they as intimate as that comes Not only Mr Page, shaking both his hands with a
was gone with her father and Aunt Dinah in search to?"
swing that almost dislocated his shoulders, but Mrs of the Ladye Fountain, a celebrated spring, situate “And can even beat Lucy,” pursued poor Fanchon. Page, ruddy, portly, and smiling, the very emblem of somewhere or other in the seven hundred acres of fir“ Lucy again !” thought her brother. “When we peace and plenty, and Mrs Dinah Page, Mr Page's woods which united the fertile demesne of Oakley to are by ourselves," continued she ; “but before stran. unmarried sister, a grim, gaunt, raw-boned woman, another fine estate belonging to the same gentleman; gers I am so awkward, and nervous, and frightened, equally vulgar looking in a different way, and both a spring which Aunt Dinah had remembered in her that I always fail. I should like dearly to win the attired in the full shroud uniform, stood before him. childhood, before the fir-trees were planted, and had arrow, though, and you would like that I should win At a little distance, talking to his sister, and evidently taken a strong fancy to see again. “ And so, Lucy," it, I am sure you would,” added she ; " and Lucy congratulating her on his return, stood Lucy, simply pursued Mrs Page, “ has left the archery and hier says, that if I could but think of something else, and but exquisitely dressed, a light embroidery of oak- chance of the silver arrow, and has even run away forget that people were looking at me, she is sure I leaves and acorns having replaced the bows which from Miss Vernon, to go exploring the woods with should succeed. I do really believe that Lucy would made the other young ladies seem in an eternal flutter Aunt Dinah.” rather I should win it than herself, because she knows of green ribands; and so delicate, so graceful, so mo- “She is gone that Frances may gain the prize, sweet it would give so much pleasure, not only to me, but to dest, so sweet, so complete an exemplification of inno- creature that she is !” thought our friend Horace.
cent and happy youthfulness, that, as Horace turned Nothing but Lucy!" again thought Horace. “ It
Two hours afterwards, Horace Vernon found his to address her and caught his sister's triumphant eye, way through the dark and fragrant fir plantations to seems as if there were nothing to do in this life but to the words of Fletcher rose almost to his lipsshoot at a target, and nobody in the world but Miss
a little romantic glade, where the setting sun glanced Lucy Page. Pray, Fanchette,” said he aloud, “what
Neither a bud, nor blown."
between the deep red trunks of the trees on a clear brought about the reconciliation between Mr Page's family and ours ? When I left England, we had not even, feeling that his first reception had been ungra: harebell, illumining a figure fair as a wood-nymph, Never was a more instantaneous conversion. He spring, meandering over a bed of mossy turf inlaid
with wild thyme, and dwarf heath, and the delicate spoken for years."
cious, went back to shake hands over again with Mr seated on the fantastic roots of the pines, with Mr Why, very luckily, brother, just after you went Page, and to thank him for his services and attenabroad," rejoined Fanchette, one of the tenants be- tions to his mother during his absence ; and when his Page on one side and Aunt Dinah on the other. “You haved very unjustly, and insolently, and ungratefully old opponent declared with much warmth, that
have brought me good news,” exclaimed Lucy, springto mamma ; and when the steward threatened to pu- little use he might have been of was doubly repaid by ing forward to meet him; " Frances, dear, dear Frances, nish him for his misconduct, he went immediately to the honour of being employed by so excellent a lady, has won the silver arrow !" Mr Page, knowi:g that he had been at variance with and by the unspeakable advantage of her notice to his
“ I have brought you the silver arrow for yourself," our poor father, to claim his patronage and protection. Lucy, Horace really wondered how he could ever have replied Horace, offering her the little prize token, However, Mr Page was not the man to see a woman disliked him,
quite forgetting how exceedingly contemptible that and a widow, an unprotected female, as he said
The business of the day now began _“Much ado prize had appeared to him that very morning; or, if “ He might have said a lady, Miss Fanny !” again about Nothing,” perhaps, but still an animated and remembering it, thinking only that nothing could'te thought the ungrateful Horace- “imposed upon, pleasant scene. The pretty processions of young ladies really contemptible which gave occasion to so pretty continued Fanny.
. So he came straight to dear and nicely-equipped gentlemen marching to the sound and so unostentatious a sacrifice of “a feather in the mamma, offered her his best services on this occasion of the bugle from target to target, the gay groups of cap of youth.” and any other, and has been our kindest friend and visitors sauntering in the park, and the outer circle “But how can that be, when, even before I declined adviser ever since."
of country people, delighted spectators of the sport, the contest, Frances had beaten me? The prize is “ I dare say,” said the incorrigible Horace ; " and formed altogether a picture of great variety and in- hers, and must be hers. I cannot take it; and even Miss Lucy was your schoolfellow! What is she like terest.
if it were mine, it would give me no pleasure. It was now? I remember her a pale, sickly, insignificant, Lucy and Frances were decidedly the best shots on her success that was my triumph. Pray, take the ar. awkward girl. Whom does she resembla ? The bluff- the ground ; and Horace, who was their constant at- row back again. Pray, pray, my dear father, make looking father or the vulgar mamma ?” “You are tendant, and who felt his aversion to the sport melt- Mr Vernon take the arrow. very provoking, brother,” replied poor Fanny, “and | ing away, he could not very well tell how, was much “How am I to make him, Lucy ?” inquired her fahardly deserve any answer. But she is just exactly pleased with the interest with which either young ther, laughing. “It is yours, I assure you,” replied like this rose. She's the prettiest girl in the county; markswoman regarded the success of the other. Lucy Horace; "" and Frances cannot take it, because she has every body allows that."
had, as she declared, by accident, once lodged her ar- just such another of her own. Did not you know “Yes, a true country beauty, a full-blown cabbage row in the very centre of the target, and was as far that there were two prizes ?-one for the greatest rose,” again thought Horace, who had not conde- , before Frances as Frances was before the rest. But number of good shots—the highest score, as Mr Sescended to observe that the half-blown flower which Lucy, although the favourite candidate, seemed less cretary calls it, which, owing probably to your seceshis sister had presented to him, and which he was at eager for the triumph than her more timid friend, and sion, has been adjudged to Frances; and another for that instant swinging unconsciously in his hand, was turned willingly to other subjects.
the best shot of all, which was fairly won by you. of the delicate maiden blush, made to blow out of its “You are admiring my beautiful dress, Mr Vernon, And now, my dear Mr Page, I, in my turn, shall apseason, as every gardener knows how, by cutting off as well you may,” exclaimed she, as she caught his ply to you to make your daughter take the arrow; the buds in the spring. “A full-blown blowzy beauty, eye resting on her beautiful figure: “but it is Frances and then I must appeal to her to honour me with her as vulgar and as forward as both her parents, en- who ought to blush, for this delicate embroidery is hand for the two first sets of quadrilles, and as many couraging and patronising my sister, forsooth !—she, her work and her taste, one of a thousand kindnesses more dances as she can spare to me during the eventhe daughter of a tallow-merchant !-just as the fa- which she and dear Mrs Vernon have been showering ing.” And the young lady smiled very graciously, ther protects my dear mother. Really," thought Mr upon me during the last six years. She did not act and they danced together half the night. Vernon,, "our family, is much indebted to them !" quite fairly by me in this matter, though; for she “ Well, brother," asked Frances, as they were reAnd with these thoughts in his mind, and contempt should have allowed me, though I cannot paint with turning home together from Oakley Park, “how hate in his heart, he set off with Frances to the archery- the needle as she does, to try my skill in copying her you been amused at the archery meeting ?” ground.
handiwork, and I will, against the next meeting, al- “Hem !” ejaculated Horace; "that's a saucy ques On arriving at the destined spot, all other feelings though it will be only displaying my inferiority. I tion. Nevertheless, you shall have the truth. I liked were suspended in admiration of the extraordinary never saw this dress, or had a notion of it, till last it better than I expected. The place is beautiful, and beauty of the scene. Horace, a traveller of no ordi- night, when she was forced to send it to be tried on. the sport, after all, national and English." nary taste, felt its charm the more strongly from the You do not know your sisto yet !”
“ Then you mean to become an archer ?” “ Per. decided English character impressed on every object. “ I am better acquainted with her than you think haps I inay.” “And to win the next silver arrow ?" The sun was rather veiled than shrouded by light va- I am,” exclaimed Horace. “ We have been holding “ If I can.” “ There's a dear brother! And how poury clouds, from which he every now and then a long argument this morning; and nothing, you did you like our good friend Mr Page ? Did not emerged in his fullest glory, casting all the magic of know, draws out a young lady like a little contradic- you find him national and English also ?” light and shadow on the majestic oaks of the park- tion. I must not tell you the subject, for you would “ That's another saucy question, Miss Fanchon," oaks scarcely to be rivalled in the royal forests and certainly be on Frances's side.”
again exclaimed Horace :“but I am in a truth-telling on the venerable old English mansion which stood “ Yes ! certainly I should," interrupted the fair humour. I liked your good friend exceedingly; and embosoined amongst its own rich woodland. The house lady, “ be the subject what it might-right or wrong, heartily agree with him in thinking that the admission was of the days of Elizabeth, and one of the most I should take part with dear Frances. But you must of the country people through the kindness of Mr Oakbeautiful erections of that age of picturesque domestic not quarrel with her--no, not even in jest—she loves ley and Lady Margaret, mixing the variety, and the architecture. Deep bay-windows of various shapes you so, and has so longed for your return. I doubt crowd, and the animation of a fair with the elegance were surmounted by steep intersecting roofs and bits your knowing her yet, even although you have had of a féte champêtre, formed by far the prettiest part of of gable ends, and quaint fantastic cornices and high the advantage of a dispute ; which is, as you say, an
He is very English, and I like him all the turret-like chimneys, which gave a singular grace and excellent recipe for drawing out a young lady. I do better for so being," continued Horace manfully. lightness to the building. Two of those chimneys, not think you know kalf her merits yet—but you will “And now, my dear little Fanny, to forestall that high and diamond-shaped, divided so as to admit the find her out in time. She is so timid, that sometimes sauciest question of all, which I know to be coming, I long line of sky between them, and yet united at dis- she conceals her powers from those 'she loves bost; give you warning before our good cousin here, that I tant interrals, linked together as it were by a chain. I and sometimes from mere nervousness they desert her. I will not tell you how I like Nr Page's fair daughter,
until I am in a fair way of knowing how Mr Page's beg leave to inquire (says he), are these the sort of not exclusively used by their own class or caste, they fair daughter likes me. qualities that denote an utter incapacity for moral or
will by many degrees rather incur the danger arising "Well, now!” thought Frances ; “that was all mental improvement ? Well might they be said to that I wanted to know."
meet death in its most horrible shapes with fortitude from the neglect of natural laws, than expose them. ladies both," added Horace, as the car.
and indifference ! At the termination of the rebellion selves to the risk of coming in contact with a person riage drove up to the door of the hall and he handed in 1760, in the parish of St Mary's, three Coromantee of inferior grade. Physicians and writers on dietetics them out,
it being now three o'clock in the morn- negroes were sentenced to death : an eye-witness of further tell people, that, if they wish to enjoy health ing, I have the honour of wishing you good-night."
the execution, and one who is the great apologist of and long life, they should abstain from lunches, and slavery, in his History of the West Indies, details the
never defer dinner beyond one or twoo'clock afternoon; scene One was condemned to be burned, and the THE BROWN PEOPLE OF JAMAICA. other two to be hung up alive in irons, and left to
but as genteel society has got into a habit of calling We are glad to find, from Dr Madden's account of perish in that dreadful situation. The wretch that that part of the day the morning, and employing it in the West Indies, that a considerable improvement has
was burnt was made to sit on the ground, and, his making calls, it might be just as rational to expect a of late years taken place in the condition, not only of body being chained to an iron stake, the fire was ap- revival of miracles, as to hope that any individual the slaves and free blacks, but of the brown or mixed plied to his feet. He uttered not a groan, and saw
would adopt such a maxim, even if assured, that, by, population, in Jamaica. « The free people of colour his legs reduced to ashes with the utmost firmness (says he) were admitted to some of the privileges they and composure ; after which, one of his arms, by following his present course, his life will be shortened now enjoy twenty-two years ago. Previous to that
some means getting loose, he snatched a brand from ten years. It is the same in a thousand other parti. time, they were incapable of holding an office even so
the fire that was consuming him, and flung it at the culars. The dread of doing that which is not strictly low as that of constable. They could not inherit face of the executioner.. The two that were hung up fashionable or genteel, is a disease of universal influproperty, real or personal, beyond the value of L.2000. alive were indulged (at their own request) with a
ence. And divines and moralists may preach till they They were incompetent to give evidence in crimi- hearty meal, immediately before they were suspended nal cases.
are hoarse before they will be able to amend the evils In fact, the tendency of the colonial laws
on the gibbet, which was erected on the parade of the
town of Kingston. From that time till they expired, they lament, unless this prevailing mania be in the first in his own estimation, to debase him in the eyes of they never uttered the least complaint, except only of place cured. Let us hope that the means now almost the white community, and to deprive the state of the in discourse with their countrymen, who were per- tion—for calling things by their right names—will in
cold in the night ; but diverted themselves all day long every where in progress for furthering rational educaservices of one who might have been looked to, under wiser measures, for protection from the negro, and for mitted, very improperly, to surround the gibbet. On profit from the reward of his own exertions.
the seventh day the commanding officer sent for me, time assist in modifying so contemptible a foolery. It unfortunately, however, long subsequent to the
as a notion prevailed that one of them had some imperiod of the partial amelioration of his condition, was portant secret to communicate to his master, my near
BIOGRAPHIC SKETCHES. the fashion to regard him with jealousy and distrust, relative. I endeavoured, in his absence, to try an in. as a rebel in disguise, who was to be branded as such terpreter, to let him know I was present; but I could on all plausible occasions. There are few evils per that both he and his fellow-sufferer laughed immode- the Romans had attained their greatest height, shortly
not understand what he said in return. I remember At the period when the learning and refinement of haps out of which
good does not arise, and Providence rately at something that occurred—I know not what; after the commencement of our era, there flourished is pleased not unfrequently to make the agency of op- the next morning one of them silently expired, as did brown man is no longer an alien in his native land ; needs no comment, and I will make none on it. pression instrumental to the ends of justice. The the other on the morning of the ninth day! This various distinguished men, whose writings have been
saved till the present times, and among these, few oche is not liked, but he is not distrusted, and he cannot be oppressed.
As to the introduction of people of colour into so-cupy so conspicuous a place in the history of Roman The various classes of free persons of colour are
ciety, I see no probability of its being more general literature as the two Plinies, commonly known as the known by the names of Sambos, Mulattos, Quadroons, than it now is, while a vestige of slavery remains in elder and younger. The elder Pliny (whose name and Mestees. There are other varieties, but these are the most important. The offspring of the Mestee, or trepid acts of Lord Mulgrave to break down this
was properly Caius Plinius Secundus) was born in the of the fifth remove from the black,
is no longer recog- his power. I have met gentlemen of colour at his 23. He stood in the relation of maternal uncle to
absurd and narrow-minded prejudice, so far as lay in reign of the Emperor Tiberius, about the year of Christ complexion was an evidence of slavery. In the short table, and in the society of his accomplished lady, who Pliny the younger (properly styled Caius Plinius time 1 have been in this island, I have observed a
were worthy of that honour, but who would not be Cæcilius Secundus), who was born at a later date, and marked change in the reception of brown people at the tolerated at the board of a planter, or even of his overballs of the King's house, and elsewhere. The merit lowed in society, it had the effect of familiarising the his respected relative.
seer. But though his lordship's example was not fol. lived to record the history of the life and writings of of this change in favour of the coloured classes is due exclusives with the persons of the excluded, against The biography of Pliny the elder, which will in the This lady did more for the society of Jamaica than all whom, in a short time, they were likely to jostle in first place engage our attention, presents one of the her predecessors. If the brown people would take the every public situation."
most extraordinary instances of the thirst for know. advice of one who admires their virtues, but does not love their faults, they would be less imperious in au
ledge, unwearied perseverance in study, as well as inthority, and more considerate for those who are their
THE FRENZY OF GENTILITY. dustry in writing with a view to the benefit of manbrethren, and are still in bonds.
MORALISTS, whose efforts are directed to the elucida- kind- perhaps, we should say, the most striking The free women of colour are generally represented tion of the causes of those vices and disorders which instance of the kind-prior to the invention of printing. as a class of persons possessed of considerable personal affect society, and whose main object is the improre- During the chief part of his life he filled different charms, of a frank and generous nature.
One of our
honourable situations connected with the government passengers coming out was frequently speaking of an old brown woman in Annotto Bay, who, when he was sure, blind to what should justly be considered the of the empire, and he is known to have made a camseized with fever, about fifteen years ago, on his arri- basis of a vast deal of the mischief which they deplore, paign as a soldier in Germany, on the occasion of val in that part of the island from South America, had and hope to amend, namely, the frenzy of gentility, the Roman armies passing into that country to quell taken the greatest care of him. Like many others at of aspiring not only to live in a style decidedly beyond the native barbarous powers. He had several consithat period who had been duped by the trading pa- the means for its support, but of affecting to despise derable commands in the army, and was as distintriots of South America, my friend became disgusted with the service, but not before he had expended his every thing in nature or art which it is not fashionable guished by his courage in the field, as by his eloquence resources and impaired his health. He arrived in to admire ; thus often sacrificing health and mental in the practice of jurisprudence, to which he attached Jamaica almost destitute; and the disease, so fatal to quietude during a whole lifetime in the vain pursuit himself. Europeans in this country, wanted nothing in mental of an imaginary good. It is time, we think, that this Pliny's manner of life has thus been described by anxiety that was favourable to its production. The poor brown woman, Mary Logan, was sent for to at species of fanaticism should form the object of special his nephew. In summer he always began his studies tend him; but not content with taking care of him as a and unsparing animadversion to writers and lecturers as soon as it was night : in winter, generally at one nurse, she had hiin carried to her cottage ; and there on all convenient occasions. Thirty years ago, it was in the morning, but never later than two, and often he lay for many weeks, in a state of the most immi- adverted to in the following terms by that philanthro- at midnight. No man ever spent less time in bed ; skill in the administration of herbs, as well as to her pic authoress, Mrs Elizabeth Hamilton :—“An epi- insomuch that he would sometimes, without retiring humanity, for his life. On his recovery, when he was
demical frenzy has spread through the country—the from his books, take a short sleep, and then pursue about to leave the island, he presented her with the desire of shining in a sphere above our own. People his studies. Before daybreak he used to wait upon only memorial in his power to give her of his gratitude who labour under this disease mistake show for splen- Vespasian, who likewise chose that season to transact
- a family ring of no great value, I believe, for money dour, and splendour for happiness; and while their business ; and when he had finished the affairs which he had none to give her, And now the question was, pulses throb with the fever of vanity, think no sacrifice that emperor committed to his charge, he returned how Mary Logan would behave, on hearing of the arrival of her old patient. Would she express any sa
too great, for procuring a momentary gratification to home again to his studies. After a slender repast að tisfaction at hearing of his being in existence ? would its insatiable thirst. From the palace to the cottage, noon, he would frequently in the summer, if he was she remind him of her services ? or would she give him the fever rages with equal force, sweeping before it disengaged from business, repose himself in the sung up the ring for some pecuniary remuneration ? We every worthy feeling, and every solid virtue. Could during which time some author was read to him, from bantered our friend often about his confidence in the
we but look into the interior of all the families in the which he made extracts and observations. This was disinterestedness of Mary Logan. But, soon after his arrival, he received an answer to a letter he addressed kingdom, what scenes of domestic misery would pre- his constant method, whatever book he read; for it to the old woman, in terms of such affectionate regard sent themselves to our view, all originating in this was a maxim of his, that “no book was so bad, but for the object of her kindness and humanity, and of senseless passion for gentility, or the silly ambition of something might be learned from it.” When this was heartfelt joy (which I am persuaded could not have figuring in a higher station, which destroys all notions over, he generally went into the cold bath, after which been feigned) at the prospect of seeing her good mas
of right and wrong, rendering vice and folly, if gilded he took a slight refreshment of food and rest ; and ter,' that I saw the tears come into the eyes of my friend, though one but little used to the melting mood. by fashion, the objects of preference, nay, of high and then, as if it had been a new day, resumed his studies To his credit be it spoken, he was not unmindful of first regard !”
till supper time, when a book was again read to him, the difficulties her old age might have to contend with. In these words, however, only one department of the upon which he would make some remarks in passing. But the old brown woman had her own exceeding frenzy is touched upon. Less mischief is, perhaps, His nephew mentions a singular instance to show how had done her duty to a fellow-creature in sickness and done by extravagant living and spending, than by the covetous he was of his time, and how greedy of knowdistress, and to one who was not unworthy of her kind- practice of contemning all things whatever which ledge. His reader having pronounced a word wrong, ness, or forgetful of it.”
are not deemed within the pale of fashion. Physiolo- somebody at the table made him repeat it, upon which Afterwards speaking of the qualities of the differ- gists tell people that they should walk in the open air Pliny asked his friend if he understood it ? Who acthe extraordinary elevation of soul, activity, and firm for the sake of their health, going out for so many krowledging that he did ; “why then,” said he, ness of the Coroinantees, a race of negroes brought hours daily, for that purpose, to fields and gardens ; "would you make him go back again ? we have lost from the Gold Coast of Africa to Jamaica, “I would I but, if they are not able to tind a promenade which is | by this interruption above ten lines." In summer,
age, on the 27t.
he always rose from supper by daylight; and in win- nimous principle of aiding the distressed. With this year 116. His writings, which have been saved from ter, as soon as it was dark. Such was his way of life view, he ordered the fileet immediately to put to sea, the wreck of Roman literature, consist of his Panegy. amidst the noise and hurry of the town; but in the ing not only Retina, but the several other towns which letter is a kind of historical sketch, wherein we have country his whole time was devoted to study without stood thick upon that beautiful coast. Hastening to a view of the writer in some striking attitude, either intermission, excepting only when he bathed: and this, the place, therefore, from whence others filed with the of active or contemplative life. In them are preserved no longer than while he was actually in the bath; for utmost terror, he steered his direct course to the point anecdotes of many eminent persons, whose works hare all the while he was rubbed and wiped, he was em.
of danger, and with so much calmness and presence come down to us, as Suetonius, Silius Italicus, Mar. ployed either in hearing some book read to him, or in of mind, as to be able to make and dictate his obser- tial, Tacitus, and Quintilian; also a variety of descrip
vations upon the appearance and progress of that tions which throw light upon the history of the times. dictating himself. In his journeys, he lost no time dreadful scene. He was now so near the mountain, from his studies; but his mind, at those seasons, be- that the cinders, which grew thicker and hotter the ing disengaged from all other thoughts, applied itself more he advanced, fell into the ships, together with
INDIAN JUGGLERS. wholly to that single pursuit. A secretary constantly they were, likewise, in danger not only of being pany of jugglero in India, in presence of a rajah and the European
pumice-stones, and black pieces of burning rock ; (The following amusing account of tricks performed by a com. attended him in his chariot, who, in the winter, wore aground by the sudden retreat of the sea, but also visitors at his court, is from the ORIENTAL ANNUAL for 1836-7 a particular sort of warm gloves, that the sharpness of from the vast fragments which rolled down from the volume which, whether for pictorial embellishment or literary the weather might not occasion any interruption to mountains, and obstructed all the shore. Here he matter of interest, fully sustains the reputation which the work his studies; and, for the same reason, instead of walk stopped to consider whether he should return back; has deservedly attained.)
to which the pilot advising him, ' Fortune,' said he, To me the most interesting part of the sports was the ing, he always used a chair in Rome. By this extraordinary application he found time to ponianus was then at Stabia, separated by a gulf now introduced. The usual preliminaries took place,
'befriends the brave : steer to Pomponianus.' Pom- performance of the jugglers, a party of them being write a great number of volumes, all of which, with which the sea, after several insensible winding3, forms such as swallowing the sword, eating fire, and a few one exception, are now lost. Among these produc- upon that shore. Pomponianus had already sent his other tricks, common to every exhibitor at the protions, the principal were a llistory of the Wars in Ger- baggage on board; for though he was not at that vincial fairs in our own country. After which, one of
time in actual danger, yet, being, within the view of the men, taking a large earthen vessel, with a capamany, a Treatise on Eloquence, a History of his own
it, and indeed extremely near, he was determined, cious mouth, filled it with water, and turned it upside Times, and lastly thirty-seven books on the subject of if it should in the least increase, to put to sea as soon down, when all the water flowed out; but the moment natural history. The last mentioned is the only one as the wind should change. It was favourable, how it was placed with the mouth upwards, it always beof his works extant, and is that which has tended to ever, for carrying my uncle to Pomponianus, whom came füll. He then emptied it, allowing any one to establish his fame in modern times. It is a production he found in the greatest consternation; and embrac- inspect it who chose. This being done, le desired that acknowledged to be of great learning and research, him to keep up his spirits. The more to dissipate his still, when he reversed the jar, not a drop of water
one of the party would fill it: his request was obeyed; being almost as full of variety as nature herself, and fears, he ordered his servants, with an air of uncon- Aowed, and upon turning it, to our astonishment it
hough now antiquated and inaccurate in a number cern, to carry him to the baths; and after having was empty. These and similar deceptions were sevepas
articulars, is still esteemed by curious inquirers bathed, he sat down to supper with great, or at least ral times repeated ; and so skilfully were they ma
hose departinents of science of which it treats. (what is equally heroic) with all the appearance of naged, that, although any of us who chose were into t. 'sts of several large volumes, and several edi- vius famed forth from several parts of the mountain many times, upon reversing it there was no water to
cheerfulness. In the meanwhile, the fire from Vesu- allowed to upset the vessel when full, which I did It consi
have been printed within the last century with great violence, which the darkness of the night be seen, and yet no appearance of any having escaped. tions of i.
contributed to render still more visible and dreadful. I examined the jar carefully when empty, but deand a half. This emine nt man died in the fifty-sixth year of his but my uncle, in order to calm the apprehensions of his tected nothing which could lead to a discovery of the
h of August, in the year 79, or the first the villages, which the country people had abandoned. still, upon taking it up, all was void within ; yet the
of the Emperor Titus. The circum- | After this he retired to rest ; and it is most certain ground around it was perfectly dry, so that how the year of the reign Stances which atte ided his decease, form not the least that he was so little discomposed as to fall into a deep water had disappeared, and where it had been con. remarkable incident in his history. He had the mis- sleep; for, being corpulent, and breathing hard, the veyed, were problems which none of us were able to fortune to perish by th at dreadful eruption of Vesu- attendants in the antechamber actually heard him expound. The vessel employed by the juggler upon
this occasion was the common earthenware of the vius, a burning mountain in Italy, which overwhelmed
The court which led to his apartment being now country, very roughly made; and in order to convince the cities of Herculaneum a 'nd Pompeii, and destroyed almost filled with stones and ashes, it would have us that it had not been especially constructed for the the lives of its inhabitants, The younger Pliny, in been impossible for him, if he had continued there any purpose of aiding his clever deceptions, he permitted an epistle to his friend Tacitus, thus describes the longer to have made his way out; it was thought it to be broken in our presence : the fragments were manner of his uncle's death :_“ Your request that I proper, therefore, to awaken him. He got up, and then handed round for the inspection of his highness would send you an account of my uncle's death, in joined
Pomponianus and the rest of the company, who and the party present with him.
had not been sufficiently unconcerned to think of go- The next thing done was still more extraordinary. order to transmit a more exact relation or it to poste-ing to bed. They consulted together whether it A large basket was produced, under which was put a rity, merits my acknowledgments ; for if the glorious would
be most prudent to trust to the houses, which lean hungry Pariah female dog; after the lapse of
now shook from side to side with frequent and violent about a minute, the basket was removed, and she apcircumstances which occasioned this accident shall be celebrated by your pen, the manner of his exit will be concussions, or flee to the open fields, where the cal peared with a litter of seven puppies. These were rendered for ever illustrious. He was at that time, with yet fell in large showers, and threatened them with goat was presented to our view ; this was succeeded the fleet under his command, at Misenum. On the 24th instant destruction. In this distress they resolved for by a pig in the full vigour of existence, but which, of August, about one in the afternoon, my mother de- the fields, as the less dangerous situation of the two; after being covered for the usual time, appeared with sired him to observe a cloud which appeared of a very hurried into by their fears, my uncle embraced, upon life under the mystical shade of the wicker covering.
its throat cut; it was, however, shortly restored to unusual size and shape. He had just returned from cool and deliberate consideration. They went out, What rendered these sudden changes so extraordienjoying the benefit of the
sun ; and after bathing in then, having pillows tied upon their heads with nap-nary, was, that no one stood near the basket but the cold water, and taking a slight repast, was retired to kins ; and this was their whole defence against the juggler, who raised and covered the animals with it.
storm of stones that fell around them. It was now his study: he immediately arose, and went out upon
When he concluded, there was nothing to be seen an eminence, from whence he might more distinctly day every, where else, but there a deeper darkness under it; and what became of the different animals
prevailed' than in the blackest night, which, however, which had figured in this singular deception, was a view this very singular phenomenon. It was not, at
was in some degree dissipated by torches and other question that puzzled us all. that distance, discernible from what mountain this lights of various kinds. They thought it expedient A man now took a small bag full of brass balls, cloud issued, but it was found afterwards to proceed to go down farther upon the shore, in order to observe which he threw one by one into the air, to the num. from Vesuvius. I cannot give you a more exact de if they might safely put out to sea ; but they found ber of thirty-five. None of them appeared to return. scription of its figure, than by resembling it to that the waves still running extremely high and boisterous. When he had discharged the last, there was a panse
There my uncle, having drunk' a draught or two of of full a minute; he then made a variety of motions of a pine-tree ; for it shot up a great height in the form cold water, laid himself down upon a sail-cloth which with his hands, at the same time grunting forth a of a tall trunk, which spread at the top into something was spread for him ; when immediately, the flames, kind of barbarous chant; in a few seconds, the balls like branches ; occasioned, I suppose, either that preceded by a strong smell of sulphur, dispersed the were seen to fall, one by one, until the whole of them the force of the internal vapour which impelled the rest of the company, and obliged him to rise. He were replaced in the bag : this was repeated at least cloud upwards decreased in strength as it advanced, raised himself up, with the assistance of two of his half a dozen times. No one was allowed to come near
servants, and instantly fell down dead ; suffocated, I him while this interesting juggle was performed. or that the cloud, being pressed back by its own conjecture, by some gross and noxious vapour, as hav- A gaunt-looking Hindoo next stepped forward, and weight, expanded itself in the manner I have men ing always had weak lungs, and being frequently declared he would swallow a snake. Opening a bor, tioned: it appeared sometimes bright, and sometimes subject to a difficulty of breathing. As soon as it was he produced a Cobra de Capello not less than five dark and spotted, as it was either more or less im- light again, which was not till the third day after feet long, and as big as an infant's wrist. He stood,
this melancholy accident, his body was found entire, however, apart, at some distance from us, and, like pregnated with earth and cinders. This uncommon
and without any marks of violence, exactly in the his predecessor, would not allow any person to ap. appearance excited my uncle's philosophical curiosity same posture in which he fell, and looking more like proach him, so that the deception became no longer to take a nearer view of it. He accordingly ordered a man asleep than dead."
equivocal. He then, as it appeared to us, took the a light vessel to be prepared, and offered me the li- Thus perished the elder Pliny, one of the most emi- snake, and putting its tail into his mouth, gradually berty, if I thought proper, to attend him. I rather nent of the great men of antiquity. Pliny the younger lowered it into his stomach, until nothing but the
likewise rose to distinction, and has left various speci- head appeared to project from between his lips, when, chose to continue the employment in which I was en
mens of his ability as an elegant writer. He settled in with a sudden gulp, he seemed to complete the dis. gaged, for it happened that he had given me a certain Rome in the reign of Domitian; and during this pe- gusting process of deglutition, and to secure the odi. writing to copy. As he was going out of the house rilous time, he continued to plead in the Forum, ous reptile within his body. After the expiration of a with his tablets in his hand, he was met by the ma- where he was distinguished not more by his uncom- few seconds, he opened his mouth, and gradually drew
mon abilities and eloqnence, than by great resolution forth the snake, which he replaced in the box, making riners belonging to the galleys stationed at Retina,
and courage, which enabled him to speak boldly when a salnam to the rajah. This was by no means a please from which they had fled in the utmost terror ; for,
none else durst scarcely speak at all. In his thirty-ing sight, but his highness laughed heartily, and threw that port being situated at the foot of Vesuvius, they eighth year he was promoted to the consulate by the the performer a handful of rupees ; thus clearly show. had no other way to escape than by sea. They con- Emperor Trajan ; he was next raised to the rank of ing that his pleasure was no counterfeit, like the jugjured him, therefore, not to proceed, and expose his augur, and afterwards made proconsul of Bithynia, gler's trick,
whence he wrote to Trajan that curious letter concern. The next thing that engaged cur attention was a life to imminent and inevitable danger.
feat of dexterity altogether astonishing. A woman, In compliance with their advice, he changed his ing the primitive Christians, which, with Trajan's re
script, is extant among his Epistles, and is esteemed a the upper part of whose body was entirely uncovered, original intention, and instead of gratifying his phi- valuable record of the early state of the church. presented herself to our notice, and taking a bamboo, losophical spirit, he resigned it to the more magna- Pliny the younger is believed to have died in the I twenty feet high, placed it upright upon a fat stone
and then, without any support, climbed to the top of wards in the air. A third managed to climb up in give a faithful picture of social English life as it was it with surprising activity. Having done this, she the same manner, and planting his feet to those of the in his day; he was more of a courtier, we fear, than stood upon one leg on the point of the bamboo, ba- second, stood with his head upwards; and so alter- Scott; and though a striker of deer himself, he had no lancing it all the while. Round her waist she had a nately to the seventh, who crowned this marvellous hearty love for * Hoh, Dick, and Hick, with clube girdle, to which was fastened an iron socket ; spring- human pillar with his head uppermost. And
what and clouted shoon,” his country companions. ing from her upright position on the bamboo, she excited an extraordinary clamour of surprise, was to Shakspeare and Scott resemble each other, too, in threw herself horizontally forward with such exact observe the first man, who thus supported upon the never exhausting either subject or character, and in precision, that the top of the pole entered the socket crown of his head the whole of the other six, lift one the full command they hold over both. That monster of her iron zone, and in this position she spun herself foot as high as his shoulder ; standing thus upon one of wit, Falstaff, is evidently killed by his maker out round with a velocity that made me giddy to look at, leg, and exhibiting a degree of strength and steadiness of mere wantonness, and not because he was exhausted, the bamboo appearing all the while as if it were sup- not exactly within the scope of my comprehension." for some of his latest sallies are his best : and we know ported by some supernatural agency. She turned her ! confess I should be disposed to doubt the authen that the author had to bridle in and restrain himself
, legs backward until the heels touched her shoulders, ticity of the manuscript from which this record is both in Ochiltree and Dalgetty, lest their humours and grasping the ankles in her hands, continued her taken, as it relates a number of circumstances mani- should overwhelm their companion characters. Their rotation so rapidly, that the outline of her body was festly impossible, and, to my mind, completely con- handling, too, is in the easiest and happiest manner entirely lost to the eye, and she looked like a revolv- tradicts the historical character of Jehanguire. imaginable; nor is their sense of propriety less visible ing ball. Having performed several other feats equally The sports having terminated, we made our bows than their ease ; all is in its right place; nothing is extraordinary, she slid down the elastic shaft, and to the rajah, and retired.
cut of keeping, and the unity of their performances is raising it in the air, balanced it upon her chin, then
worderful, since they seem not to have studied it. upon her nose, and finally projected it to a distance
But a man who follows nature will seldom break rules, from her, without the application of her hands. She SHAKSPEARE AND SCOTT.
for rules came from nature; a truth acknowledged by was an elderly woman, and by no means prepossessing SHAKSPEARE and Scott are two of our chief benefac- Walpole, when he said, Gil Morice observed all the in her person, which I conclude was the reason that tors; they have diffused happiness and delight among rules of Horace, but in such a way as showed that the the rajah, though he applauded her dexterity, did not ten thousand thousand firesides. They are always writer had never heard of either Horace or his rules, give her a proof of his liberality. We, however, threw fresh, and ever new, and we welcome them in the -Athenæum. Her a few rupees, with which she appeared perfectly twentieth reading as we welcome the summer sun satisfied.
which brings the same light and warmth to our old The next performer spread upon the ground a cloth, age as it did to our youth. They have peopled our
REMARKS UPON MORAL EDUCATION about the size of a sheet: after a while, it seemed to fancies and memories with creatures more bright and
INFLUENCE OF EXAMPLE, be gradually raised; upon taking it up, there appeared natural than any other workers in “ the art unteach- (Being Extract Fifth from the Work of Dr Brigham.) three pine-apples growing under it, which were cut able, untaught;" and, amid all the discoveries and in- THE remarks which I have made respecting the dan. and presented to the spectators. This is considered a ventions of science_namely, flowered muslin, damasked ger of too early cultivating the intellectual faculties, common juggle, and yet it is perfectly inexplicable. silk, and tenpenny nails, manufactured by strength do not fully apply to the developement of the moral Many other extraordinary things were done which of steam-statues hewn by machinery-ships impelled qualities, though in regard to them some caution is have entirely escaped my memory; but the conclud- against wind and tide by fire-men walking on the necessary; for danger is to be apprehended from ing feat was too remarkable to be easily forgotten. bottom of the sea, and women flying in the air-the strongly exciting the feelings of children and awaken.
À tall athletic fellow advanced, and making his inventions of Shakspeare and Scott are still the most ing their passions. In endeavouring to call forth and salaam to the gallery, threw himself upon the ground. wonderful, the most delightful-we had almost said, cultivate those moral qualities which are good, and to After performing several strange antics, he placed his the most useful. Watt, Arkwright, Fulton, Rennie, suppress the bad, we should constantly keep in mind head downwards with his heels in the air, raised his Telford, with the whole tribe of scientific benefactors, that the brain is not only the seat of the intellectual arms, and crossed them over upon his breast, balanc- to whom be all honour, have smoothed our roads, faculties, but is also the agent by which the passions, ing himself all the while upon his head. A cup, con- shortened our journeys, brought distant lands to our the affections, and all the moral qualities, are manitaining sixteen brass balls, was now put into his door, clothed us in purple and scarlet and fine-twined fested. That this is true, is shown in the same way hands; these he took and severally threw them into linen, at little cost; in short, have indulged us with as I have proved that the brain is the material organ the air, keeping the whole sixteen in constant motion, the grosser realities of existence to overflowing ; but of the mind. Insanity alone furnishes abundant proof. crossing them, and causing them to describe all kinds it required minds of a higher order to pamper and feed This disease of the brain as often deranges the moral of figures, and not allowing one of them to reach the the imagination : for this Shakspeare and Scott had to as the intellectual faculties. Some insane persons are ground. When he had thus shown his dexterity for make and create ; and as creators and makers, they remarkable for great irascibility, others for pride, a few minutes, a slight man approached, climbed up are entitled to rank above all the mere discoverers that courage, hatred, &c., while others are affectionate, his body with singular agility, and stood upright upon have flourished between the days of Jason and John timid, irresolute, and melancholy. Dr Rush mentions the inverted feet of the performer, who was still upon Ross. We have long felt, that in command of human the case of a young lady who was insane for a consi. his head. A second cup, containing sixteen balls, was character, the magicians of the north and south have a derable time, during which she hated her father : handed to the smaller man, who commenced throwing strong resemblance. They were both great imitators, after some time she recovered a sound mind in every them until the whole were in the air. Thirty-two but not copyists. They ransacked written history and other respect but this; and at last her complete recoballs were now in motion, and the rays of the sun oral legend for plots, for incidents, for sayings, and very was marked by a return of her filial attachment. falling upon their polished surfaces, the jugglers ap- for hints. They breathed life and feeling into the This state of mind undoubtedly arose from deranged peared in the midst of a shower of gold. The effect dead, and recalled the heroes, the sages, the wits, and action of some portion of the brain, produced, perwas singular, and the dexterity displayed by these the beauties of their native land into existence, and haps, by neglecting to develope every part of the men quite amazing. They were as steady as if they shed such a charm over every scene, and gave such life brain in a proper manner, or from inattention to the had been fixed into stone, and no motion, save that to all, that the longest night seems short in their com- premonitory symptoms of this disease ; for insanity is of their arms and heads, was visible. At length, the pany. Their chief, nay, their humblest characters, usually preceded by some slight irregularity in the upper man having caught all his balls, and replaced are to us creatures of flesh and blood, of sentiment and intellectual or moral faculties. ** Some of the insane,” them in the cup, sprang upon the ground, and his of soul ; we cannot regard them as unembodied and says Esquirol, “ are distinguished from infancy for companion was almost as quickly upon his legs. unsubstantial; yet, in our mind, there is a difference excessive pride, anger, melancholy,” &c. These ten
After a short pause, the man who had before ex- between the characters produced by Scott and Shak-dencies not having been arrested or counteracted by hibited himself with his body reversed, planted his speare. We speak but of our own sensations. The the judicious developement of opposite qualities, the feet close together, and standing upright like a column, characters of the former seem so real that we number action of the brain finally became more irregular, and the smaller juggler climbed his body as before, and them amongst our acquaintance. On the banks of then what is called insanity was produced. But to piacing the crown of his own head upon that of his the Liddel we look for Dandie Dinmont; as we pass the accurate observer, partial insanity existed long companion, raised his legs into the air, thus exactly through Glasgow we peep into the Salt Market, with before this, though the conduct it occasioned was conreversing the late position of the two performers. At the hope of meeting Bailie Jarvie ; and when we visit sidered merely singularity, eccentricity, &c. But this first they held each other's hands until the libration Aberdeen, we expect to meet Dugald Dalgetty by the singularity, or, as some call it, perversity of disposi. was complete, when they let go, the upper man wav. way. The characters of the latter seldom awaken tion, arises from the predominance of the action of ing his arms in all directions to show the steadiness of such lively expectations and why? They are more some organ of the brain, and may often be corrected his equilibrium. The legs were kept apart sometimes, poetical; they are purified more from the realities of by care and attention. one being bent, while the other remained erect; but life, and arise above ordinary sympathies. The drama, The great object, therefore, in moral education the body did not seem to waver for a single instant. or at least poetry, requires this; prose is of a lower should be, to call into repeated action those organs After they had been in this position for about a mi- order, and Scott moulded his characters accordingly. that manifest the good qualities, and increase their nute, the balls were again put into their hands, and we never think of the heroes and heroines of Shak- activity and power. For this purpose, it is necessary the whole thirty-two kept in motion in the air as speare but as creatures raised by imagination, from to study the characters of children when quite youngi before. It was remarkable, that, during the entire slender materials furnished by nature ; we can scarcely and when certain moral qualities appear to predomitime they were thrown, neither of them once came in believe that beings so fair and so blameless as Imogen nate that are likely to produce bad traits of character, contacta proof of the marvellous skill displayed. and Juliet could have existed, but we have seen some- great efforts should be made to develope and call into It is certain that the manual dexterity of these inen thing like Julia Mannering and Diana Vernon, and activity opposite qualities : when a child appears exis not exceeded, if approached, by the jugglers of any we imagine Sir Walter saw the rest.
ceedingly selfish, he should be taught and accustomed other country in the world.
The taste of Scott was that of his times; the taste to practise benevolence. In this manner, it is as cerWhen they had done with the balls, the upper man of Shakspeare was that of his times also. They both tain that the moral qualities which are most desirabie took a number of small cylindrical pieces of steel, two wrote for the world; they walked the way they found may be cultivated and made predominant, as that the inches long; several of these he placed upon his nose, the world walking ; they made no attempt to form memory may be increased by exercise. producing a slender rod full a foot in length, which, new schools, and yet they are founders in the truest Such effects cannot, however, be produced by prein spite of his difficult position, he balanced so steadily sense of the word. They both loved home subjects, cepts alone. Children should be induced to practise that not one of the pieces fell. He then crossed the and delighted in working up the ordinary occurrences
the virtues which it is intended they shall possess, taper column with a flat bar of copper, half an inch of life or history in a spirit and shape at once natural and by practice they should be endowed with good wide and four inches long; upon this he fixed one of and national. It was the fault of Shakspeare's age to propensities and good habits. If parents would but his little cylinders, and on the top of that a slight overrate rank and high descent, and to regard all as feel that it is as essential to teach a child to practise spear ; the whole of which he balanced with perfect base, common, and popular,” beneath the condition the virtues that are desirable, as it is to cultivate the steadiness, finally taking off every separate piece, and of a gentleman. It was the glory of Scott's day to mind, and would give as much attention to the early throwing it upon the ground: thus concluded this honour man as God made him; to think with Burns, developement and proper exercise of the affections extraordinary performance. Grasping hands as be- "A man's a man for a' that," and to look with re- and passions, and take that pains to develope all the fore, the little man sprang upon his feet, and made spect and affection on the humble children of the cot- natural excellences of his character they do to accelehis obeisance to the gallery.
tage. To this difference we owe the pie-coated fools rate his progress in knowledge, we should soon see a This feat appears to have been something similar, and heroes of Eastcheap, and the utter absence of the great and pleasing change in the dispositions and conthough much less extraordinary, to one mentioned in bold yeomen of England in the southern poet ; and duct of men. But now, in very many families, the the antobiography of the Mogul Emperor Jehanguire; the presence of the Dinmonts, the Headrigas, and the greatest praise is not bestowed upon those children the truth, however, of which I am much disposed to Ochiltrees, in the novels of the bard of the north. that are merely good, but upon those whose minds are question, as it appears to me to involve physical im- Both poets were men of large soul and wide sympathy; most active and premature.* In schools, much of the possibilities.
but, were we to account for this difference by suppose “ One of seven men,” says the imperial author, ing that Scntt had more of those qualities than Shak- # How many parents do we see, who, after teaching their sons,
by exaniple, everything which is licentious in mainers, and la“stood upright before us, a second passed upwards | speare, we should say more than we feel; yet it is not
vishma 0.1 them the mans of similar toenriousness, arc rigid ont along his body, and, head to head, placed his faet up. I the less true, that our national dramatist has failed to in une joilt-in the suiwiness of that intellectual discipline whick
praise and censure, reward and punishment, connected | lief to thousands on thousands of most deserving men, in mind by all future travellers in the United States. with early mental culture, is calculated to awaken many of whom may be yet unborn.
For ourselves, we are obliged to confess that we much rivalry, envy, and hatred. Moral culture is sacrificed, The above facts were gleaned from a traveller who wish we had kept it steadily before us when reviewing in early life, to intellectual, and the bad passions are has been on the road for a quarter of a century, and the recent work of Mrs Trollope, and we may even called forth to aid the mind's improvement ; and then during the greater part of that period absent from home, add of Captain Basil Hall. We have no suspicion that what originates from a faulty or neglected moral edu- as near as may be, nine months in the year. His ex- either of these able writers designed to give a false cation is considered the fault of nature itself. But penses, he says, one week with another, are within a impression of the state of society in America ; but we nature has not had fair play.
small fraction, in or over, of a pound per day; and are constrained to acknowledge that we think, if Wa. Example is also of great importance in the educa- 39 weeks multiplied by 7 gives a sum of L.273 spent shington Irving had undertaken a tour among our tion of children, in consequence of their natural pro- on the road by a single individual. And supposing own provincial towns, he might have found materials pensity to imitation. The influence of this strong fifteen thousand travellers disburse in pretty much the for lively and amusing sketches of British manners propensity is not sufficiently attended to by parents same ratio, we have here an annual expenditure among not a bit better than those represented as characteristic and teachers. Dugald Stewart has very ably treated coach proprietors, innkeepers, their servants, and a few of the Americans : indeed, we strongly suspect that he this subject, and shown its great importance in edu- others, of not less a sum than four millions ninety- might have found almost the same identical things cation.* Not only should the propensity of the youth five thousand pounds. The individual alluded to and fashions. And how, after all, should this be to imitation be regarded in teaching “ accomplish- travels chiefly by coach ; but this fact is of little con- otherwise ? What were all those American towns ments, and every thing connected with grace,” but sequence, for when experienced men compare notes, sixty years ago but provincial British towns ? Why in forming the moral character also. Every person the difference as to expense is very trifling between should we be so ready to believe that manners and knows that “the imitation of any espression strongly such as merely visit large towns, and those who em- customs are changed so much within the lifetime of marked by the countenance and gestures of another brace the greater part of Britain in gigs or on horse- one generation, while blood and language remained person, has a tendency to excite, in some degree, the back. But the equestrians are so sadly reduced in the same ? Let us hear no more, then at least, let corresponding passion in our own minds ;" and when number, that little more than a dozen mounted travel- us hear nothing in harsh, contemptuous, or arrogant it is considered how prone children are to imitation, lers visit some of our principal inns in the year. The language—about the petty circumstances which may we shall feel the importance of habitually exhibiting, improvement of roads, the finding of levels where happen to strike an English eye, accustomed to the both in looks and actions, only such feelings as we very steep ascents existed formerly, and the necessity highly-cultivated features of society in the upper walks wish them to possess. Parents who are constantly of carrying samples, has converted into rule what was of life in England, as offensively characteristic of the manifesting fretful and unhappy dispositions, will do formerly the exception ; and of the aggregate num- people of America, in their interior domestic inter. much towards producing like dispositions in their ber of travellers in Great Britain, perhaps we hazard course among themselves.” children. From these observations, those who have little in saying that two-thirds of them make their ACTIVITY OF MIND.—“We are all (says Sir James the care of educating children cannot fail to see the rounds in one-horse vehicles. Nor is this all ; for the Mackintosh in a letter to the Rev. Robert Hall) accus. importance of the examples they set them; they will gentleman already alluded to expressly told us that his | tomed to contemplate with pleasure the suspension of also reflect, that whatever is inculcated upon children longest journey, which occupied at one period sixteen the ordinary operations of the understanding in sleep, by precept is of trifling consequence, compared with weeks, has been reduced to 10, in consequence of and to be even amused by its nightly wanderings from that which they learn by example ; and if they wish Macadamisation, and the accelerated speed of stage- its course in dreams. From the commanding eminence to have their children possess a spirit of benevolence, coaches in every part of the country. From this change which you have gained, you will gradually familiarise kindness, or humility, they must cherish and cultivate he saves in money thirty-eight pounds ten shillings dur- your mind, to consider its other aberrations as only these virtues in themselves, and be particularly care- ing a single trip, eighteen weeks in time (supposing more rare than sleep or dreams; and in process in ful not to let any contradiction exist between their him to be out the whole year), and, as a necessary conse- time they will cease to appear to you much more hor. expressed opinions of the value of these dispositions quence, one hundred and twenty-six pounds in money. rible. You will thus be delivered from that constan and their own habitual conduct.
This of itself is a curious fact; and what is still more dread, which so often brings on the very evil dreaded; striking, the gentleman alluded to does more business and which, as it clouds the whole of human life, is
in the lo} weeks than he formerly did in the 16. The itself a greater calamity than any temporary dis. COMMERCIAL TRAVELLERS.
circumstances of all travellers are not alike; but sup- ease. Some dread of this sort darkened the days of (From the Dumfries and Galloway Courier.)
posing the one we have made the starting post of our Johnson; and the fears of Rousseau seem to have conIn a company, the other evening, the conversation statement should represent in some degree the whole stantly realised themselves. But whoever has brought turned on Commercial Travellers, their utility as a tribe, the financial part of the affair, to say nothing himself to consider a disease of the brain as differing body, the probable numbers of them constantly abroad, whatever of the time economised, and increased busi- only in degree from a disease of the lungs, has robbed and a variety of other topics most intimately connected ness done, points to a saving of one million eight it of that mysterious horror, which forms its chief mawith the almost endless ramifications of the com- hundred and ninety thousand pounds per annum. lignity. If he were to do this by undervaluing intel. merce of Britain. By all it was admitted that we have some travellers are out the whole year, and it is not lect, he would indeed gain only a low quiet at the no data for estimating with any pretensions to accuracy uncommon for young men to repair to head-quarters expense of mental dignity. But you do it by feeling the total number of commercial travellers; but a strong in the morning, get their cash ledger balanced by the superiority of a moral nature over intellect itself. opinion exists notwithstanding, that it is not much the book-keeper, and start on a fresh journey the all your happiness has arisen from your love and purunder fifteen thousand. The Commercial Travellers' following day. Even such as travel in gigs, and suit of excellence. Disappointed in the pursuit of Society, instituted in 1800, contains upwards of four are from home for periods which are far from in- union with real or supposed excellence of a limited thousand members; but no one is compelled to join its cluding the whole year, very frequently complete a sort, you sought refuge in the contemplation of the ranks, and in the absence of every thing like corporate distance of 7000 miles before they are allowed to en- Supreme Excellence. But, by the conflict of both, power, the reader must perceive that the institution al- joy any thing approaching to permanent rest. For
your mind was torn in pieces ; and even your most luded to merely contains a portion of the great body it merly it was the custom to do business leisurely, powerful understanding was unable to resist the so humanely represents. Attheoutset, the entry-money and conciliate the favour of customers by entertaining force of your still more powerful moral feelings. was five guineas down, and an annual subscription of a them at dinner or some other meal. But this custom The remedy is prescribed by the plainest maxims of guinea afterwards; and for a few years it throve so well, has been entirely abandoned, excepting in rare and duty. You must act : inactive contemplation is a that the capital rose to forty thousand pounds sterling special instances. When profits were high, many dangerous condition for minds of profound moral sen. The leading object of the society was to provide a things could be done that must not even be thought sibility. We are not to dream away our lives in the pension of fifty pounds to travellers disqualified by of, since it became law and rule to cut low, cultivate contemplation of distant or imaginary perfection. We age or sickness from following their profession ; and dispatch, and do something for your employer as well are to act in an imperfect and corrupt world ; and we in case of death, a payment of ten pounds yearly to as yourself, by extensive" turning over."'* The above must only contemplate perfection enough to ennoble children until they reached the age of fifteen. A facts have been hastily thrown together, almost at our natures, but not to make us dissatisfied and disscheme so benevolent, however ill-cast as regards sta- random, and our chief object is to elicit information gusted with these faint approaches to that perfection, tistics and the doctrine of annuities, operated as a that will enable us to gauge with greater clearness a which it would be the nature of a brute or a demon to bounty to men on the wane; and accordingly the feeble, very curious corner of British statistics. Than the despise. It is for this reason that I exhort you to middle-aged, and aged, were the first to avail them- commercial travellers of Britain, we know not a more literary activity. It is not as the road of ambition, selves of prospects so promising. This lack of what respectable class of men. Many of them are educated, but of duty, and as the means of usefulness, and the may be called actuary knowledge is the great bane of and almost all of them intelligent, to a degree for resource against disease. It is an exercise neressary benefit or friendly societies ; and accordingly the capi- which they are far from receiving full credit. Their to your own health, and by which you directly serve tal of the one alluded to, in a few years, declined from manners, generally, are those of gentlemen ; and it is others.” L.40,000 to L.22,000. But as the entry-money has quite true, that, being much from home, mixing largely : False METAPHORS.–Few writers or speakers can been doubled,
and other judicious regulations framed, even with shopkeepers, comparing notes at talle d'hotes, manage a metaphor well. Unless very guarded in we indulge the hope that the foundations of the Com- noting scenes, circumstances, and characters, tends to thought and expression, the metaphor is apt to be mercial Travellers' Society are now so secure, that it string the intellectual faculties to a degree of tension, what is called broken or false. For instance, to saywill pursue a long career of prosperity, and afford re- of which persons who, like the Vicar of Wakefield,
“this is our last card, therefore let us put our shoulmerely migrate from the blue bed to the brown, are
der to the wheel,” is evidently a false metaphor, OT, may prepare thein for the worldly stations to which the parenta! unable to forin the remotest idea. ambition has been unceasingly looking for them, before the filial
in other words, nonsense. Were we to say " this is ambition was rendered sufficiently intent of itself! To such per
our last card, therefore let us take care to play it well," sons, the mind of the litue creature whom they are training to * We have heard commercial travellers say, that they could do worldly stations for worldly purposes, is an object of interest only business with double the speed in an English that they could in a connecting of the idea of a card with that of a wheel
the metaphor would be accurately expressed; but the as that without which it would be impossible to arrive at the dig: nities expected. It is a necessary instrument for becoming rich
Scotch town. In explanation of this remarkable circumstance, is an absurdity. “ Extravagance (says a writer) is and powerful; and if he could become powerful, and rich, and they mentioned that the Scotch shopkeepers seem either to have envied, without a soul, they would scarcely feel that he was a a diMculty in making up their minds as to what goods they require tue." Extravagance, however, cannot be both a parent
the parent of every vice, and the grave of every vir. bein; less noble than now. "In what they term education, they
or shall order, or to be unwilling to come to the point in respect and a grave, at least not at the same time, and so the have never once thought that the virtues' were to be included as objects; and they would truly feel something very like astonish. inent, if they wore told that the first and most essential part of ing the traveller to "call again to-morrow," to look in again metaphor, though well meant, is ridiculous. the process of educating the moral being, whom heaven had con
before they leave the town," and so forth, which necessarily pro- LAMP GLASSES.—A very simple but effective presigned to their charge, was yet to be begun-in the abandonment of their own vices, and the purification of their own heart, by better tracts the execution of business, and causes expense to the gentle caution is employed in Paris to prevent the breaking feelings than those which had corrupted it-without which pri. men of the road. Perhaps this vicious system of procrastination of lamp glasses by the sudden application of heat. Be Taary self-amendment, the very authority which is implied in the
is now a good deal modified, greatly to the comfort of all parties. fore they are used, a glazier cuts or scratches the base noble office which they were to exercise, might be a source, not of
-E. C. J. good, but of evil, to him who was unfortunately born to be its
of the glass with a diamond, and afterwards sudden subject.— Broin's Philosophy, vol. ii.
heat may be applied without danger.—Lit. Gaz. * See his Elements of the Philosophy of the Human Mind, vol. lii., chapter on the Principle of Law of Sympathetic Imitation. ATTACKS UPON AMERICANS.-Latrobe, the rambler After remarking that this principle has important effects in rela: of North America, observes—“I trust I was not my
LONDON: Published, with Permission of the Proprietors, by Or& tion to our moral constitution, he adds, « The reflection which
& SMITH, Paternoster Row; and sold by G. 'BARERR, HolyShakspeare puts is to the mouth of Falstaff, with respect to the
self above profiting by the lesson, which many years well Street, Strand; BANCKS & Co., Manchester: WRIGHTSOS inanners of 'Justice Shallow and his attendants, and which Sir of travel have assisted in impressing upon my mind ; & WEBB, Birmingham; WILLMER & SMITH, Liverpool; W. John expresses with all the precision of a philosophical observer, namely, that a stranger in a strange land sees with
E. SOMBRSCALR, Leeds; C. N. WRIGHT, Nottingham; N.
BINGHAM, Bristol ; S. SIMMS, Bath; C. GAIN, Exeter; J. PER serious concerns of life. It is a wonderful thing to see the strange and partial eyes, and that the difficulty of
DON, Hull; A. WHITTAKER, Sheffield; H. BELLERBY, York; semblable
coherence of his men's spirits and his; they, by observ. forming a correct judgment, even with close observa- J. TAYLOR, Brightoa; Geonos Young, Dublin ; and all other ing of himn. do bear themselves like foolish justices ; he, by con.
Booksellers and Newsmen in Great Britain and Ireland, Canada, versing with thein, is turned into a justice-like serving-man.
tion, and without any disposition to distort facts, is Their spirits are so married in conjunction, with the participation far greater than might be supposed." In reference $0 Complete sets of the work from its commencement, or numof society, that they flock together in concert, like wild geese. It to this passage, the Quarterly Review, much to its bers to complete sets, may at all times be obtained from the Pub is certain that either roise bearing or ignorant carriage is caught honour, makes the following liberal admission of lishers or thesretsentse as men take discuse; theicforc, let men take heed of their com.
Stereotyped by A. Kirkwood, Edinburgh. pany.'" error"We sincerely hope this lesson will be held
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