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very particular efficaey. Sometimes a single word charms is implicitly credited. The illiterate and lustrious successors, till the art, in all its branebes, was used, sometimes a rhyme, at others a moral simple natives of this enlightened kingdom, especially has reached its present pre-eminence. Never, per. apophthegm. These eharms were often written upon those in its remotest districts, repose all necessary haps, was there an age in which Europe, and even papyrus, wood, or some other substance, and sus- faith in the same fascinating delusions; and there is England, could boast of so powerful a phalanx of pended as an amulet round the neck, or applied to not “a goody' in any of our remote villages who has professional talent as they now possess. It is suother parts of the patient's body. The remedy men- not a specific charm for hooping cough, ague, teething, premely pleasing to see men, with an ardour at once tiened by Serenus Samonicus, for the cure of fever, convulsions, epilepsy, and every other ordinary dis- untiring and extraordinary, toiling away with un. consisted in writing upon paper the word Abracadabra ease. Every one is acquainted with the assumed effi. ceasing industry in the fertile but choked-up fields of in a particular manner, and suspending it round the cacy of the royal touch' in cases of king's evil, or science, clearing away the weeds and the rubbish, and neck by a silken thread.

scrofula; and scarcely a week passes by that we do planting such good and sound seed as shall grow up The Jews attributed a similar virtue to the word not see in the newspapers an advertisement for the and multiply an hundred-fold. Medicine had been Abracalan, used in the same manner; and the Turks disposal of a 'child's caul,' which has the miraculous too long clogged with the empiricism of custom, which inscribed words and sentences from the Koran. The power of preserving sailors from the perils of the deep, was fostered in every conceivable manner by indo. Greeks, with their accustomed ingenuity, improved and from the affliction of faith less love-and which lence on the one hand, and by bigoted pride on the upon this method of charming, by emploving mecha- may be occasionally procured for the trifling sum of other. Until John Hunter,' than whom no man nical means in conjunction with their incantations. fourteen or fifteen guineas !

was more honest and independent, effected those Thus, Homer, speaking of Ulysses, when wounded To many of our readers the majority of charms in beneficial discoveries which have laid the foundation on Parnassus by a wild boar, tells us

vogue among the vulgar must be well known ; but as of all subsequent success and excellence, the practice - With bandage firm Ulysses' knee they bound,

our object is to display at one view the delusions of of surgery, as well as that of medicine, was exceed. Then, chaunting mystic lays, the closing wound medicine, we shall not scruple to transcribe the most ingly uncertain and fluctnating in its principles. Inof sacred melody confess'd the force

remarkable. One method of obtaining a cure for the deed, with a very few exceptions, and we bave The tides of life regained their azure course.'

hooping-cough, is to inquire of the first person who mentioned the majority, there were, in strict truth, This binding of the knee, by the way, was not bad is met riding upon a piebald horse, what is good for no principles of practice at all ; certain diseases oco surgery, as it was amply sufficient to restrain the that malady. “A friend of Dr Léttsom, who once curred, and were valorously met with and combatted bleeding, and close the wound; but this alone would

went a journey on a horse of this description, was so by such specifics as the idleness or knavery of preced. have been too simple a plan for the imaginative Greeks, frequently interrupted by questions about this dis- ing practitioners had invented ; as to the rationale of in whose estimation the mystic lays' were no doubt ease, that it was with some dithculty he effected his the disease, or the mode of operation of the medicine, supremely restorative.

progress through the villages in his ronte. He fre- there were refinements infinitely too sublime for the In process of time, a farther improvement was ef- quently silenced the importunities of his interroga- comprehension of our practitioners. Nothing, indeed, fected upon the mode of charming away diseases, by tors by recommending a toast in brandy. No disease was so bad, nothing so abominably disgraceful as the adding to it the use of certain herbs and plants, in has given rise to a more curious catalogue of charms practice of physic, even in an age comparatively mothe collecting and administering of which, however, than the ague. A common practice in some parts of dern. The majority of our living professional lua great deal of mummery was employed. Thus, the the country, is for the patient to run nine times minaries can, however, accomplish all that is necessary, Druids, in gathering the plant solago, or black belle through a circle formed by a briar that grows natu- and have done much by their npright and gentlemanly bore, would not use any sharp or cutting instrument; rally in that direction. The process is to be repeated conduct, to purify the practice from the stains wbieh it was to be plucked with the right hand, which was nine successive days. A spider given, unknown, to blotted it.” carefully covered with a part of their robe, and then

the patient, is miraculously efficacions in preventing conveyed secretly into the left; and, lastly, it was

a paroxysm; and we have heard, on unquestionable considered indispensably necessary that the Druid authority, of the decided effect of the snuff of a candle.

A DROLL STORY-BUT NO JOKE. who was delegated to this important office should be These, however, can scarcely be termed charms, for In the work called “ Random Shots, from a Rifle. elothed in white, be barefooted, and previously offer the beneficial result is entirely dependent upon the man, by J. Kincaid,” the author relates the following a sacrifice of bread and wine. Of course the plant ammoniacal salt, or some other property, in the sub- drolí incident, which occurred during the Peninsular thus elaborately and mystically gathered was an un. stance administered, aided probably by some mental campaign :-“ My business is with a youth who had disputed catholicon. Vervain, a plant much used in operation.

the day before joined the division. Mir Rogers had, magical operations, and even now oecasionally em- The perils of infantile dentition afford ample scope the day before, arrived from England, as an officer of ployed as an amulet, was obtained with equal solem. for the use of charms. These are chiefly in the form one of the civil departments attached to the light dinity. It was to be gathered at the rising of the of beads or bands ; and who is unacquainted with the vision, and, as might be expected, on finding himself dog-star, or at the break of day, before the sun was

anod yne necklace' of the celebrated Dr Gardener ? all at once up with the outposts of the army, he was above the horizon ; an expiatory sacrifice of fruit and which was thus touchingly recommended by its im- full of curiosity and excitement. Equipped in a huge honey having been previously offered up. Persons mortal inventor :- What mother,' he asks, can cocked hat, and a scarlet coat half military and hal rubbed with vervain thus sanctified, were considered forgive herself, who suffers her child to die without civil, he was dancing about with his budget of inqui. invulnerable to the attacks of fever, and, indeed, to an anodyne necklace ?' Many charms are also em- ries, when chance threw him in the way of the gallant these of any other malady: it possessed, also, the mi- ployed for the cure of the toothache, and among others and lamented Jock MacCulloch, at the time a lieuteraculous power of reconciling the hearts of such as

that of extracting a worm from the diseased tusk is a nant in the rifles, and who was in the act of marching were at enmity-no matter from what source this en.

profitable source of deception. An ingenious female off a company to relieve one of the picquets for the mity might have arisen. Pity it is that such a useful quack realised in London, not many years ago, a very night. intercessor should be unknown in its effects to us, in handsome income, by imposing upon the credulity of MacCulloch, full of humour, seeing the curiosity of these times of virulence and animosity !

the public in the pretended extraction of this worm. the fresh arrival, said, 'Come, Rogers, my boy, come Few of us are unacquainted with the solemnity of This she effected in the following manner :-She con along with me; you shall share my beefsteak, you the ceremonies which the early priests and physicians trived to introduce into the patient's mouth the grub shall share my boat-cloak, and it will go hard with of our own island employed in gathering the misletoe, of a silk-worm, which, after certain manual opera- me but you shall see a Frenchman, too, before we which was esteemed of such blessed value, that they tions, she pretended to extract, exhibiting the para part in the morning.' The invitation was not to be believed the gods expressly sent it down from heaven sitical tormentor to the perfect admiration and cou- resisted, and away went Rogers on the spur of the for the advantage and felicity of man. It was consi- viction of the dupe. That she sometimes achieved a moment. dered as a specific for epilepsy, apoplexy, and vertigo; cure, we do not doubt ; for the influence of the ima. The night turned out a regular Tam o' Shanter's and a water was distilled from it, which was deemed, gination on the toothache, and on many other nervous night, or, if the reader pleases, a Wellington night, like Solomon's Balm of Gilead, and some other nos. affections, is too well known to need support or illus- for it is a singular fact that almost every one of his trums that we could mention, a remedy for all mala. tration. For the cure of epilepsy, or the falling- battles was preceded by such a night; the thunder dies. Virgil has commemorated the gathering of the sick ness, numerous have been the charms which have rolled, the lightning flashed, and all the fire-engines misletve, and the reader will find a more full descrip- been invented, and marvellously mystical withal. A in the world seemed playing upon the lightning and tion of it in Pliny. The ceremony must, in truth, common remedy among the lower orders about Lon the devoted heads of those exposed to it. It was a have been sufficiently imposing. First went the don, and especially in Essex, is to cut the top of a sort of night that was well calculated to be a damper soothsayers, singing hymns in honour of the deity : black cat's tail, in order to procure three drops of to a bolder spirit than the one whose story I am relatnext came a herald, with a rod in his hand, and be blood, which are to be taken in a spoonful of milk, ing; but he, nevertheless, sheltered himself as he best was followed by three Druids bearing the sacrificial drawn from the female breast ; and this is to be re. could under the veteran's cloak, and put as good a apparatus. Last of all appeared the arch-Druid, peated three successive days. If the patient be a face upon it as circumstances would permit. elothed in a white robe, and followed by the people. male, the woman from whom the milk is to be taken As usual, an hour before daybreak, MacCulloch, Havirig arrived at the appointed place, the arch-Druid must have lain in of a girl ; and of a boy, if the pa resigning the boat-cloak to his dosing companion, ascended the oak, and cut the misletoe with a golden tient be a female; but if the patient be apprised of stood to his arms, to be ready for whatever changes sickle. The attendant Druids received it with great the period when this precious potion was compounded, daylight might have in store for him ; nor had he to reverence into the Sayum, or white cassock. Then it will assuredly lose its efficacy. Dr Lettsom met wait long, for day had just begun to dawn when the followed the sacrifice of two white bulls, to which suc. with three instances within a fortnight, where this sharp crack from the riile of one of the advanced senceeded a feast, and prayers were offered up to the plan had been strongly recommended. For a similar tries announced the approach of the enemy, and he deity to endue the plant with its godlike qualities. effect the patient is to creep, head foremost, down three had just time to counsel his terrified bedfellow to make Thus ended the ceremony, and the plant became the pair of stairs, three times a day, for three successive the best of his way back to the division, while he him. means of communicating benefits to all who were per days. Let us remember that three is the root of the self waited to do battle. Nor had he much time for mitted to partake of it.

mystic number nine, aud that it is still depended upon preparation, for, as Napier says, “ Ney, seeing Craw. Numerous examples might be adduced of the pre- by freemasons.

furd's false dispositions, came down upon them with valence and peculiarity of these medicinal charms in Such were the delusive and barbarous absurdities the stoop of an eagle. Four thousand horsemen, and the rude and early ages of the world. Even now which characterised the practice of the art of medi. a powerful artillery, swept the plain, and Loison's ditheir existence is very common among the Indian na- cine, long after civilisation had shed its softening in. vision coming up at a charging pace, made towards tions yet uncivilised. In most parts of Africa, the fluence over Europe. Who were the master-spirits the centre and left of the position. MacCulloch, alpriests, or marabouts, carry on a considerable traffic to whom the medical art is indebted for its present most instantly, received several bad sabre wounds, in vending charms, which are called Grigris, and proud perfection, founded, as this perfection is, put and, with five-and-twenty of his men, was taken priwhich are made after the most approved priestly fa. upon servile adherence to pre-existing dogmata, nor shion, to answer every contingency. They afford upon custom and precedent, but upon the safe, and Rogers, it may be believed, lost no time in follow. protection from thunderbolts, as easily as safety from substantial, and certain principles of nature, deduced ing the salutary counsel he had received with as clever sickness; they procure a multitude of wives, and in. from a close observance of her operatione, and a more a pair of heels as he could muster, The enemy's arsure the success of their accouchements; they prevent perfect knowledge of her mysteries ? Who, wo ask, tillery had by this time opened, and the cannon-balls shipwreck and slavery, and are sure to be attended have been the philosophers who have wrought this were travelling the same road, and tearing up the by victory in battle. There were two or three of salutary reformation ? The catalogue is not cumber. ground on each side of him alnuost as regularly as if these Grigris in the Leverian Museum ; they contain some. We have Cheyn, that blunt but honest man; it had been a ploughing match. Poor Rogers was generally a prayer to Mabomet, rolled up in linen, and Cheselden and Pote, the first great improvers of

thus placed in a situation which fully justified him in and were probably made in imitation of the phylac- modern surgery; and Heberden, the classical and thinking, as most young soldiers do, that every ball teries of the Jews, which were rolls or slips of parch. learned Heberden ; the Fordyces and Pitcairn; the was aimed at himself. He was half distracted : it was ment inscribed with sentences of Scripture, in obedi. 'wo Hunters and Baillie. Others there were, per certain death to stop where he was ; neither flank ence to the command—to bind them for a sign upon haps, who might contribute their quota towards the offered him the smallest shelter, and he had not wind their heads, and to be as frontlets between.their eyes.' improvement of medical science; but those we have enough left in his bellows to clear the tenth part of Bat it is not only among the rude savages of India nained are the leading reformers, and their efforts the space between him and comparative safety; but, and the Eastern World that the virtue of medicinal | have been improved upon and expanded by their iled where life is at stake; the imagination is fertile, and it

soner.

I.

II.

immediately occurred to him, that, by dousing the of carelessness, or a design to conceal the names of bones, and a portion of the os calcis, were removed. cocked hat, he would make himself á less conspicuous works quoted from, and particularly of wrong quota- Mr W'hatton exhibited casts, taken from the foot at object; clapping it, accordingly, under bis arın, he tion; sometimes, for instance, the Alhenæum being different periods after the operation, which, at the recontinued his frightful career, with the feelings of a cited, when the real authority was some other peri- quest of Professor Harrison, he presented to the Mumaniac and the politeness of a courtier, for to everyodical. From whatever cause this strange practice seum of the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland. missile that passed he bowed as low as his racing atti- of abstaining from quoting authorities, or of quoting Dr. Granville expressed his high admiration of the tude would permit, in ignorance that the danger had wrongly, arises, its natural tendency is to depreciate operation so admirably detailed, and proposed a resopassed along with it, performing, to all appearances, the character of the New York Mirror as a work of lution expressive of the particular approbation and a continued rotatory sort of evolution, as if the sails of original composition. It must likewise have the effect thanks of the section, with a request that the author a windmill had parted from the building, and conti- of making others, as well as ourselves, cautious in of it would not wait for the formal volume of the nued their course across the plain, to the utter asto- quoting matter from its pages bearing the appearance Transactions of the Association to publish such an nishment of all who saw him. At length, when of originality, or which has the acknowledgment of admirable and useful operation, for the benefit of the exhausted nature could not have carried him twenty being from a different source. Curiously enough, the profession and the community. Mr Carmichael, as vards farther, he found himself among some skir- New York Mirror, at page 223, vol. 10, contains an the senior of the profession in Ireland present, begged inishers of the 3d ('acadores, and within a few yards article on the subject we are now alluding to, entitled leave to second the motion, ana bore witness to the

very inconvenient and almost useless condition of the of a rocky ridge, rising out of the ground, the rear “QUoting INCORRECTLY,” in which the editors very of which seemed to offer him the long-hoped-for op- properly, though, we should think, very inconsistently limb after the transverse operation of Chopart had portunity of recovering his wind, and he sheltered with their practice, reprimand those who do not quote been performed; he did not hesitate to characterise himself accordingly.

correctly from books :-“ If there be any particular Mr Whatton's operation as one of the most important This happened to be the first occasion in which the crime (say they) for which young-gentlemen-writers improvements introduced into modern surgery." Af. Caçadores had been under fire; they had the highest deserve breaking on the wheel, it is that which forms ter some conversation, the resolution was agreed to. respect for the bravery of their British officers, and the title of this paragraph,” &c. What an exemplilaad willingly followed where their colonel had led ;fication have we here of the ability which all of us,

Toour AGRICULTURAL READERS.—Many farmers but having followed him into the field, they did not less or more, possess of seeing the faults of our neigh- are convinced that the great cause of the failure in see why they should not follow another out of it; and bours, and being blind to our own!

the germination of potatoes for the last three years, when they saw a red coat take post behind a rock, We now pass from a subject which we certainly has been the injury they have sustained from heating they all immediately

rushed to take advantage of the should never have adverted to, but for the purpose of in the covered heaps in which they are almost genesame cover. Poor Rogers had not, therefore, drawn pointing

out the impropriety of misquotation in lite- rally kept through the winter. An effectual way of his first breath when he found himself surrounded by rature, from the confusion it is apt to create in rela- preventing this is to place them in thin layers, and to these Portuguese warriors, nor had he drawn a se- tion to real authorship.

cover every layer or stratum with earth about an inch cond before their colonel (Sir George Elder) rode fu

thick, until the heap is of the proper height and form. riously at him with his drawn sword, exclaiming 'Who

The heap thus formed should not be more than three

SONNETS. are you, you scoundrel, in the uniform of a British

feet wide at the base, and, when brought to the proofficer, setting an example of cowardice to my men ?

(By Edward Moxon. London, 1835.]

per degree of sharpness, it should be covered with -get out of that instantly, or I'll cut you down !'

earth at least six inches thick, and then carefully Rogers's case was desperate ; he had no breath left By classic Cam a lovely Aow'ret grew;

thatched with straw, so as to keep out the frost. This to explain that he had no pretensions to the honour The sun scarce shone upon its tender birth ought to be done on a dry piece of ground, as the of being an officer, for he would have been cut down Ere it was left, the loneliest thing on earth, drier the earth thus intermixed with the potatoes, so in the act of attempting it: he was, therefore, once An orphan bent by every wind that blew.

much the better. When preserved in this manner, more forced to start for another heat with the round And yet the summer fields in all their pride

the potatoes come out of the pit or heap as fresh and shot, and, like a hunted devil, got across the bridge, And lustiness of beauty, could compare

well-tasted as when they are newly taken out of the he knew not how: but he was helm up for England No gem with this. Fairest of all things fair ground; and that they will all vegetate (or grow the same day, and the army never saw him more." Was she whose sole endeavour was to hide

when set), no one will doubt who has observed how Her brightness from the day; nor fawn more gay the potato grounds have, during late years, sprung

Or sportive, in its liveliest mood, could be up abundantly where they were not wanted, among QUOTING.

Than was this flower, rejoicing in the glee wheat and barley. This is the theory of a valued

Of its own nature. Thitherward one day It is a matter of importance in the conducting of a

friend and correspondent, and we submit it to the

Walking perchance, the lovely gem I spied, consideration of our agricultural readers.-Inverness newspaper, and particularly of a literary periodical,

And from that moment sought it for my Bride ! Courier. to quote authorities correctly in the case of selected

TEMPERANCE.-Man was destined to earn his bread articles and paragraphs. Inattention, wilful or acci

by the sweat of his brow, to work for his food. Here dental, to this matter, frequently leads to consequences

My Love I can compare with nought on earth,
And all my fear is only lest she be,

there is a provision made for that which is so much neinjurious both to the original writer and to the party Like all we prize too much, remov'd from me,

glected by all classes, but those with whom it is part and who quotes, especially the latter, who loses a character

Mong amaranths to bloom of heavenly birth,

parcel of their occupation-I mean exercise. Unaided for honesty, and becomes unworthy of credence. Tak- The fields of Cam bear witness of her worth;

by his fellow-men, destitute as yet of the advantages

which a division of labour and commerce supply, his ing up an English provincial newspaper a day or two

The pleasant Lea soft murmurs in her praise ;
Fair Cheshunt still rejoiceth in her mirth;

food would of necessity be confined to the few simple ago, our eye was attracted by a lengthy paragraph,

And Thamis at her feet his treasure lays !

herbs which his own toil could extract from the earth, describing an amusing incident which we remembered

or to the animals which he had earned by his exertions

Italia bright would claim her for its own; having lately read in Miss Mitford's new. work, Dut Albion, the seat of all my bliss,

in the chase. Here, then, are two of the first, and “ Belford Regis,” but which, instead of having that Divides with it the boast, and prouder is

the two most important regulations of which modern authoress's name or production appended to it, was

Of this than the chief jewel of her crown.

dietetics inculcate the observance_namely, exercise Happy is be who may possess this flower,

and diet. For the best of all reasons, a man so situated quoted from another newspaper, where, no doubt, it For which two nations wreathe so rare a dower!

would not indulge in the use of stimulants : he would first appeared without any acknowledgment whatever.

not know either that they could be procured or bow

to procure them; and, consequently, neither from ale, Here there was a triple injury committed—first, Miss

The cygnet crested on the purple water ;

nor wine, nor spirits, would he run any risk. And Mitford was deprived of her just right ; second, she The fawn at play beside its graceful dam;

here we find the third section in nature's scheme of was placed in the situation in which it might be im- On cowslip bank, in spring, the artless lamb; diet-sobriety; and a sobriety, it will be observed, not puted to her that she had taken the passage without The hawthorn robed in white, May's fragrant merely the comparative degree of drunkenness, but aoknowledgment from the newspaper quoted ; and,

daughter;

positive temperance, complete abstinence from stimu.

The willow weeping o'er the silent stream ; lating liquids. This, then, may be said to be the nathird, the second newspaper was decoyed into the

The rich laburnum with its golden show ;

tural state of man--the state in perfect accordance commission and perpetuation of an error, of which The fairy vision of a poet's dream;

with which his organs were formed, and all the tissues there is no seeing the end. Thus, one act of indis. On summer eve earth's many-coloured bow; of his body were fashioned and modified."-Robertson cretion in literature leads to a complication of injury,

Diana at her bath ; Aurora bright;

on Diet. and a confusion as to the real authorship of ideas, The dove that sits and singeth o'er her woes ;

PROGRESS OF SCIENCE.—Some poachers hare lately The star of eve; the lily, child of light;

found out a new method of facilitating the capture of which it is next to impossible to clear up in after

Fair Venus' self, as from the sea she rose !

hares. They merely lay their nets at some particular times. To say the least of it, it is very short-sighted

Imagine these, and I in truth will prore

gate or stile, or at some hare-run in the hedge, and policy for editors to conceal the authority to whom They are not half so fair as she I love.

then go round to all the other gaps and runs in the they stand indebted for their selected matter; for when

hedges, and whiff tobacco over them. So delicate is

the smell of the hare, that she will not pass through the theft is discovered—as it is always sure to be by

NEW SURGICAL OPERATION.

where the tobacco has been, and of course chooses an some one, sooner or later—it has the effect of injuring In the report of the proceedings of the British Asso- egress free from taint, where there is sure to be a net themselves. Let us present an instance in point. On ciation in Dublin, given by the Athenæum, we find or wire, and thus she is caught.-Jesse's Gleanings in looking over the tenth volume of an American literary the following passages, which we think will be read | Natural History. periodical, entitled the New York Mirror, we perceive with interest by persons connected with the surgical England, works 69 hours per week, for which, on an

PRICES OF LABOUR.–The factory operative, in several articles taken from our Journal, without any profession :-“Mr Whatton (of Manchester) read a

average, he has lls, of wages ; in America, he works acknowledgment, and, what is fully worse, several most interesting paper

. "On partial amputations of the 78 hours and has 10s. ; in France, he works from 72 with wrong quotations. At page 240, we see an ar

foot.' After an admirably drawn-up memoir on the to 84 hours and has 5s. 8d. ; in Prussia, he works ticle of ours, which appeared in the 38th number of former modes practised in France and England, and from 72 to 90 hours and has 5s. 8d. ; in Switzerland, the Journal, with the title “ Tailors,” quoted from some strictures on those known as Chopart's and he works from 78 to 84 hours and has 4s, 5d. ; in the Blackwood's Magazine, and another, with the title lley's operations, in which, from the removal of the Tyrol

, he works from 72 to 80 hours and has 45. ; in attachments of the tendons of the principal muscles Saxony, he works 72 hours and has 35. Gd. ; in Bonn “ LEISURE," which appeared in our 30th number, of the leg, and the aponeuroses covering them, those in Prussia, he works 94 hours and has only 2s. 60.quoted from the Metropolitan. At page 323, we per- muscles were rendered completely useless for the pur- Factory Commission Report. ceive another article of ours, “ THE FLOWING OF poses of progression ; and though the heel remained, Water;" and at page 307, another from the 22d the limb was scarcely so serviceable as a wooden leg. LONDON: Published, with Permission of the Proprietors, by 082

& SMITH, Paternoster Row; and sold by G. BERGER, Hole number of our Journal, which we entitled “Vicious of the longitudinal operation which he had been long Mr Whatton proposed and entered into a minute detail

well Street, Strand : BANCKS & Co., Manchester: WRIQRTBOX

& WRDB, Birmingham: WILLMER & SMITH. Liverpool; W. FORMS OF SPEECH AND COMPOSITION," but which in the habit of performing, and, as evidence of its com

E. SOMERSCALE, Leeds; C. N. WRIGNT, Nottingham; M.

BINGHAM, Bristol; S. SIMMS, Bath; C. GAIN, Exeter: J. PER the editors of the Mirror have placed under the head plete success, and the advantages attending it, he pre- DON, Hull; A. WHITTAKER, Sheffield; H. BELLERBY, York: “THE PHILOLOGIST,” and called “FORMS OF SPEECH sented to the section a patient on whom he had so ope- J. TAYLOR, Brighton: George Youne, Dublin; and all other AND COMPOSITIOX;" both being equally void of acrated. The man walked stoutly, without even a halt,

Booksellers and Newsman in Great Britain and Ireland, Canada,

O Complete sets of the work from its commencement, or nun. knowledgment, and having all the appearance of ori could stand with ease on the imperfect foot, and seemed

to suffer very slight inconvenience from the loss he had bors to complete sets, may at all times be obtained from the pube ginal articles by writers in the Mirror. At other sustained, though, in this case, the three outer toes

lishers or thoir Agents.

Stereotyped by A. Kirk wood, Edinburgh. parts of the volume, we perceive the same evidences and metatarsal bones, the third cuneiform and cuboid Printed by Bradbury and Evans (late 'r. Davisoul. Whiteriarn

III.

Nova Scotia, and United States of America.

[graphic]

CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM CHAMBERS, AUTHOR OF “THE BOOK OF SCOTLAND,” &c., AND BY ROBERT CHAMBERS,

AUTHOR OF “TRADITIONS OF EDINBURGH,” “PICTURE OF SCOTLAND,” &c

No. 200.

SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 28, 1835.

PRICE THREE HALFPENCE.

SUBURBS.

embowered haunts beginning to be put about and the Great Belleville Streets, and the Granville Places, Drop blindfold from the clouds in any part of a large troubled by the approach of a city, erst considered as and the Royal Terraces : look at these as names, and city, and, when the bandage is taken off, you will a day's journey distant—to see some long antenna of you would expect, when you got acquainted with know at once whether you be in the centre or the the monster Town coming ruthlessly down upon it, them as places, to find them filled with the masters of outskirts. It is not that a suburb is necessarily or piercing it perhaps through and through, or possibly the earth. In reality, these aspiring designations are essentially meaner than the main town; it may be environing it in its irresistible folds, till

, mutilated, somewhat like the fine names occasionally found much handsomer, and yet you will know it to be a tortured, and dismayed, it seems a very Torso—to see among “ the butler's children,” marking rather the suburb. The marks by which you can distinguish a cot after cot pulled down, garden after garden laid humility, than the dignity of the origin. But even suburb are many ; but there are some which catch waste, tree after tree uprooted, till, finally, almost in suburbs purely commercial, there is always a conattention more readily than others. There is almost every vestige of the ancient place is swept away, ex- siderable show of self-assumed importance. The palalways something new, raw, and sprawling about it. cepting perhaps some poor fool, who, faithful to lo- triest shops have an air of tawdry finery—something In the central city, the houses may be old and de- cality, and unable by his very weakness to sorrow for pink and dirty, usually, in the windows, and plastered cayed, but they usually have a dignified kind of air. the changes which have gone on around him, now fronts painted bright green once a-year. If there be a They stand close up to each other, shoulder to shoul. wanders along streets which once were green lanes, whip-maker, he puts up “ The Whip Manufactory," der ; are tall, solid, and substantial ; and look as if and is as cheerfully familiar with the city people who as if there were no other in the world. Dyeing is car. conscious that there is no room amongst them for any occupy them, as he ever was with the rustics who ried on by “the Dashville Dyeing and Renovating fresh intruding tenement. The pavement, too, is good, lived there of old! There must be many who, on re- Company.” The affix"& Co.” is found attached to and well kept; the shops are of the gayest and most turning from a long sojourn in foreign climes, have felt places of business, where there seems hardly a possiopulent in goods; the finest public buildings are the pleasure of hailing an old well-remembered vil. bility of employment for the ninth part of a man. there ; all looks firm, respectable, and of old esta- lage, which, during all the changes “which fleeting Every haberdasher who can comma ten feet of signblished consequence. In the suburb you see nothing time procureth,” including that greatest of all which room, fills it with CUMBERLAND House, or some si. of this. In the very best shape which it ever takes— has taken place in their own bodily and mental frame, milar title, in vast square letters, so that there is not that of a series of streets or cluster of villas, for the has not changed a single feature, but still seems to any great wareroom in the city, which has not its habitation of people in genteel circumstances—there swarm with the same children, and bees, and birds, three or four imitators in the suburbs. Suburban may be prettiness and even elegance, but nothing re- and butterflies, as ever. Many years ago, a young shopkeepers seem sensible that they are out of the spectable or exclusive. The honours of a suburb are man, when on the point of departing to pursue his way—that, for cheap rent, they have forfeited dense like those of a new mercantile gentleman—they have fortune in British Guiana, walked out on a May population--perhaps also, that, having missed fortune a quality of spick and span, which does not somehow morning to a village near the town in which he had in more central situations, they are now apt to be excite veneration. The place, moreover, wants com- hitherto resided. The sun was shining, the birds looked down upon; and they accordingly feel it nepleteness and unity. You see houses whose sides be- were singing ; all nature was joyful and beautiful, cessary to blazon over the poverty of the case by a tray that they were intended to have others stuck and William Grieve, an old rustic friend, was blithely little extra pretension. The fact is, that the commer. upon them all yawning, ghastly, unskinned, and ir- clipping the hedges which led into the village. cial occupants of suburbs are apt to be persons who regular ; you see infant shrubberies struggling in He took a farewell of this venerable worthy, and either never had any capital, or have lost what they had. awkward parcels amidst lots of yet to be occupied of a place which he had known and delighted in In such situations, setting up is comparatively easy, ground, and clumps of fine places and squares looking from earliest childhood; and that day took his de- for rents are cheap, and deficiencies of stock are not down upon clumps of old half-ruined villages, which parture for South America. After spending seven-apt to be carefully scanned. All, therefore, who hope the spreading town has taken by surprise, and which teen years in Demerara, he returned, and on a May to advance from small things to great, all who have have not yet had time to get out of the way. Here morning precisely similar, walked out to revisit his sunk from great things to small, alike try their for. and there, flanking the genteel streets, are dull ple- favourite village. There not only did every house tune in the suburbs. Their set-out is not perhaps beian bricky rows, full of poor grocers and taverners, stand as once it stood : not only were the birds sing. very great ; but look at their shop-bills and newspaper and which seem to have sprung up only for the ing, and the sun shining, and the place as pleasant advertisements

. What magnanimous resolutions of annoyance of the gentlefolk. The arrangement of and fair as ever, but William Grieve was still clipping cheapness ! what assurances as to the excellence of the these better kinds of suburbs is also of such a formal at the same hedges, as if it had only been the to-mor- goods ! Loudness of outcry makes up for obscureness character as, while striving not to be town, neither is row of that day on which our friend last saw him. In and remoteness of place. A suburban shopkeeper perfectly country. The houses usually perk them the interval, Bonaparte had been and was gone, and never thinks of addressing only the inhabitants of selves primly up beside the highway, as if, so far from the ploughshare of political ruin had passed over many Dashville, or whatever other ville he may have pacourting seclusion, they were anxious to see and be nations; but here were at least one place and one tronised by his presence. He calls upon the nobility, seen of all passing along. Or they run into dull lanes, man unchanged. The luxury of an acquaintance re- gentry, and public at largemhe calls upon the whole where, if less under public notice, each is at least so newed under such circumstances may be imagined. world to inspect his cheap prints. In leafy June, closely adjacent to its neighbour, that the tragedy of And it is chiefly because old villages, being nearly you pass the shop, and find all a-futter, all a-glitter, Pyramus and Thisbe, if ever it should be expelled the most durable of all things, serve so well to pro- as if with conscious importance : you pass again in from the stage, might easily be acted in the boxes. vide this enjoyment to those who spend their better November, and not more effectually has nature furled Very different is all this from the chance-dropped part of life in distant lands, that their destruction is her green ensigns, than has Cumberland House doffed abodes of the open unsmoked country, where each so much to be regretted. The suburb substituted for all its gay and ostentatious attractions. Those doors house seems to settle and nestle in its own proper do- them may be beautiful, may indicate the increase of and windows which formerly bristled with shop-bills main, whether of park, shrubbery, garden, or simply national and individual wealth ; but it will not atone are now pasted up with the bills of other “establish. farm-yard and appurtenances. In the one case all for the erasure of the green where childhood played, ments,” and a poor apple-stall is perhaps planted seems natural : the house, the work of man, springs or the felling of that old commixture of tree and cot in that once so frequented entrance. It is wonderful up amidst the works of creation, easily and fitly: all which entered into the soul in youth, and, when once how rapidly the Cumberland Houses of the suburbs is truly rural. In the other case, we see that the away, would gladly be purchased back by the expen- come to decay. You see dress coats upon blocks within houses have been run up" upon speculation, or diture of gold.

the doorway, with prices labelled upon them, not planted by tasteless affluence with a view to

If suburbs do not command that respect which is much more than half of what you pay for the same venient distance from town."

paid to ancient and well-constituted cities, they are articles of dress in the city: you argue that there is The case of the little surprised villages is the sad seldom found deficient in that affectation of conse- surely no resisting such temptations, and that all dest feature in the whole affair. Let the town swal- quence which so naturally arises where consequence mankind must, ere long, bring their custom hither. low up as much country as it plcases, let it realise is not conferred by surrounding opinion. Were we to Custom, however, has a way of its own, which it will even the Horatian hyperbole and leave hardly an acre judge of them by the names which are found attached not be put out of for every clever fellow who chooses to the plougb ; but let it spare the fine old romantic to their streets and rows, we might suppose them to to solicit it. The hardy pretensions, the patriotic bamlets those early emanations of the soil, as na- be places of the utmost importance. It is true we find anxiety to serve mankind, prove all in vain, and shops tural of growth as the venerable trees with which a few flimsy gewgaw-like names amongst them--such which come like shadows so depart. Suburban places they are surrounded, and whose right to the ground as Spring Gardens, Rose Lane, and Tulip Row- of business thus in their time play many parts. Their they occupy seems to rest amongst the statutes of Na- names suggesting the idea of a kind of summer camp, changes of facings are like very scene-shifting. What ture berself. How pitiable to see one of those old l here to-day and away to-morrow. But then look at was last year “The Medical Hall," is now a recep

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tacle for the sale of potatoes. What is now a scene of success, which were implicated in this most gratify to the schoolmaster, by rather a singular recompense. of mean huckstry, may next month glisten with an

ing discovery. The wine, spirits, sugar, bread, flour, Tallapin, one of his instructors, had lost a limb by

and cocoa, were in equally good condition, with the having been frost-bit, and the captain presented him exhibition of wax-work. Paper profiles are cut to-day, exception of a part of the latter, which had been lodged with a wooden-leg, which he received with the most where yesterday heads were broken in drunken brawls. in provision casks. The lime-juice and the pickles reverential gratitude and wonder at its suddenly, yet In fact, shops in the suburbs may be said to resemble had not suffered much ; and even the sails, which had effectually, restoring to him the power of locomotion. a Highlander who once descended upon Edinburgh been well made up, were not only dry, but seemed as Commander Ross set out on a land expedition about from his Perthshire home, in the hope of getting a si- if they had never been wetted. It was remarkable, the beginning of April. He was accompanied by the

kowever, that, while the spun yarn was bleached chief mate, Blanky, and two Esquimaux guides, tuation either as a teacher or as a porter: they are white, all appearance and smell of tar had vanished with their sledges and provisions. The result of the ready for any thing, and answer for every thing. It from it. We proceeded now to the beach where the journey seems to have been, that the commander might be supposed that the place which had once Fury had been abandoned, but not a trace of her hull and his party, having crossed an isthmus a little to known genteel millinery or medicine would be inca- was to be seen. We therefore returned on board, and the south and west of the ship, reached the ocean; pable of condescending to the poor affairs of the apple- made preparations for embarking a sufficiency of stores whereupon he says “I concluded that we wers

now looking upon the Great Western Ocean, of which woman : one might almost suppose it to have a soul years and three months, being what we expected to these people had so frequently spoken to us, and which would rise against such an indiguity. But sub- want on the one hand, and to obtain on the other. that the land on which we stood was part of the urban shops have no pride. They throw themselves Yet all that we could possibly stow away seemed great continent of America.” A second and third open not more readily to him who deals in wood by scarcely to diminish the piles of canisters, of which journey were undertaken by the commander towards

we embarked whatever we could, together with such the end of April. The commander, besides acquir. the log, than to him who doles it out in fagots or in four, cocoa, and sugar, as we wanted, all that we took ing, in augmentation of his stores, two musk oxen, matches. Nay, long after the huckster has planted being in excellent condition. We had found the spare now possessed himself fully of the geography of the her yellow sand and whitening by the door, “ The mizen-topmast of the Fury, and this was selected by isthmus connecting the peninsula, now named Boothia, Medical Hall” may still Aame above her head. A the carpenter for a new boom, in place of one that we with that land which has been considered above as suburban shop often sails under false colours : the had lost. We also got some anchors and hawsers, to

part of the great continent of America. The isthmus gether with some boatswain's and carpenter's stores, was found to separate Prince Regent's Inlet from the tartan chequers of a Scotch snuff-dealer are perhaps to make up our deficiencies.” After selecting these Western Sea. A fourth expedition made it certain left over to illustrate a nascent coffin-manufactory. Or, and other stores, the Victory stood along the coast to that the extent of the isthmus was about fifteen miles if the front have been for some time neglected, it is the southward. It was here Captain Ross found the in width, censisting of a lake, ten miles long, in the not impossible that you may find a school conducted land, which he named Boothia Felix, but which seems centre, and of five miles of land.

In place, therefore, of proving an inlet into the under what may be called an accidental variety of rather to have been the imposing of a new name, than

making any discovery. Captain Parry had twice Western Ocean, the expeditions of Commander Ross tints. That is to say, some of the superior strata of visited the same land before. The progress now made showed that Prince Regent's Inlet was shut in by paint may be observed to have peeled off, leaving others was but slow, for they had large masses and floes of land ; and it having been ascertained that the southern cropping out below ; while various fragmentary signs, ice, and contrary winds, to contend with, while their and western shores of the inlet were closed round containing a snatch of all the professions that the shop than a mile an hour. Sometimes they had to make whether the land to the south of the isthmus was part

miserable engines could not help them onwards more with land, the next important point was to ascertain has been under for the last dozen years, might supply fast to an iceberg, and drift with it.

of the continent of America. This could only be done to the pupils of the present occupant a literary puzzle After this, Captain Ross passed along the coast | by Commander Ross and his party tracing the western more bewildering than the tenth chapter of Nehemiah. southward for about 150 miles to the south of Cape shore, and that again depended upon the limited quan

Parry, but was obliged to bring up for the winter in tity of provisions which they could carry with them,

what he was glad to consider a commodious harbour, The matter of short allowance had to be well consiROSS'S EXPEDITION.

and upon which, always rendering honour to whom dered. It being generally agreed to persevere a little The twofold project of approaching the north pole and it is due, he bestowed the name of Felix Harbour. longer, Ross proceeded, first, to a projecting headland, making the north-west passage—that is, sailing round | Those critics who are still querulous of the captain's which he called Cape Felix ; then twenty miles far the northern extremity of America, from the Atlantic sayings and doings, and even yet advocate a north-ther, over hummocks, ice, and snow, brought them to

west passage, here find fault with thus creeping along another hezdland, which he named Victory Point, and to the Pacific-after lying long dormant, was revived

the coast. Having reached their winter home, the which was found to be in lat. 69° 37' 49", and long. in 1817, chiefly by Captain Scoresby and his son, who first step was to lighten the ship, then to throw over. 98° 40' 49". They saw a still more distant point, for many years followed the whale-fishing trade from board the unserviceable engines

, and to make such which they nanied Franklin Point ; the difference of Hull with enterprise and success. From the repre- arrangements and regulations for the winter as ap- latitude between which and the general line of the sentations that were made, an expedition was fitted peared to be proper. The lightening of the ship made coast of America seemed barely one degree. The dis

it necessary to cut away the ice from around her, to tance from Victory Point to Cape Turnagain is stated out to attempt the discovery of the supposed passage, allow her to settle at the natural line. She rose nine to be not greater than the space they had travelled but with no useful result. Betwixt 1817 and 1826, inches by the operation. The men then proceeded to from the ship-namely, two hundred and ten miles. ten voyages and journeys overland took place, all at build an embankment of snow and ice all around her, But the commander was here obliged to desist, and to the public expense. They, however, produced noto shelter her from the cold. The upper deck was

The party had hardly enough of provisions,

even at a reduced allowance, to carry them back to thing beyond hazardous enterprises and a few disco covered with two feet and a half of snow, which, after

being trodden down into a solid mass of ice, was the ship. Before quitting Victory Point, the travel. veries within the arctic circle. The government be- sprinkled with sand, and made like a gravel walk. lers erected, in testimony of their risit, a cairn of ing at length tired of fitting out expeditions of this A rooting over all was made from the spare sails of stones, six feet in height, and they placed in it an acdescription, the project of another voyage was set on the wrecked vessels, the canvass sides being carried so count of their proceedings, contained in a canister, foot by Captain Ross, and his nephew Commander low as to cover the sides of the ship down to the em- but with little hope that their brief chronicle would Ross, with the assistance of a private patron, Felix which was the floor of the house, was covered with August, September, and October, attempts were made

bankment of snow at the gnnwale. The lower deck, ever meet an European eye. During the months of Booth, a rich merchant and distiller in London, who hot sand every morning, and scrubbed with sand until to put to sea ; but the season proving singularly un. advanced L.18,000 to purchase and equip a vessel to eight o'clock, the usual breakfast hour. Copper flues propitious, and the ice forming early, it became eviproceed upon the voyage.

were placed round the apartment to carry off the va- dent that they were doomed to pass another winter The ship which was by this means engaged was the į pour; iron tarks, with the open side downwards, upon the spot, and as much of the following summer Victory, a vessel, it seems, unsuitable for the expedi- were placed over the apertures in the upper deck, to as might expire before circumstances permitted of their tion. She was fitted up with steam-engine and pad receive the Aues from the steam kiieaen, oven, and liberation ; they therefore once more commenced housdles, but the enginery was very inadequate. She other parts of the lower deck. By this plan, the ing the ship, and building embankments, and they sailed from Woolwich, May 23, 1829. A second ves- apartments were kept dry and warm. The system of resumed all those practices and devices, formerly used sel, named the John, was taken to carry stores and comfort and economy within was as perfect as could with so much success, for passing the long dreary provisions ; but the crew of the John mutinied, and be desired ; and although the temperature without winter, the Victory was allowed to proceed alone. Upon the usually ranged so low as 37 minus, yet the men, if Second Year.-In April 1831, Captain Ross and his 234 of July, the Victory reached Holsteinberg, a Da- there were no wind, could take exercise and make nephew, the coinman.ler, set off on an expedition tonish settlement in Davis' Straits. Captain Ross there hunting excursions. When contined to the house, wards the isthmus. The captain's object appears to purchased stores from a wrecked vessel, and the go- walking for some hours a-day upon the upper deck have been to ascertain the height of the land above Fernor presented him with six Esquimaux dogs ; af. and beneath the canvass roof, was another mode of oc- the Western Sea, the commander's to fix the position terwards of essential use in dragging the sledges. The cupation towards keeping the crew healthy. Spirits of the magnetic pole. It was presumed, on their Victory then stood to the northward along the coast were not served out, it being supposed that the use of leaving England, that the magnetic pole was in lat. of Battin's Bay; and having reached the latitude of them in these regions is conducive to scurvy; but the 70, long. 98° 30' west. The commander has fixed 74° 14' on the 3d of August, ran across to, and on the men had tea regularly every evening at five o'clock. the spot at lat. 70° 5' 77", and long. 96° 46' 45'' west ; 6th reached the entrance of, Lancaster Sound. On the They seem to have been unable or averse to muster but in this there is a good deal conjectural and unIlth August, he steered direct for the south-west side a dramatic corps, but they had an evening school, settled, and it may be stated that neither of the es. of Prince Regent's Inlet; and having passed Elvin and which they attended with some degree of profit

. Each peditions resulted satisfactorily. The ship became Batty Bays, saw the spot where the Fury had been Saturday night they were always allowed to dance, loose upon the 28th of August; but after rarious atwrecked in 1825. It had been one of Captain Ross's and to drink to sweethearts and wives. On Sunday, tempts to get her free, they began again, in October, speculations to avail himself of the stores of the Fury, no work was performed, and the day was spent prin- to dismantle and make their winter preparations. This a ressal abandoned by Captain Parry; and it turned cipally in religious observances.

winter passed away much as the last. out decidedly successful. The following is his account They kept their first Christmas in these regions in due Third Year.-In February 1032, the effects of the of the wreck and her stores:

form; indeed, the minced pies and cherry-brandy from long seclusion and peculiar habits of the voyagers be"We found the const almost lined with coal, and it the Fury's stores enabled them to do this in the most gan to be too perceptible. An old wound in the was with no common interest that we proceeded to appropriate manner. After Christmas they were amused captain's side now broke out with bleeding, a stare inthe only tent which remained entire. This had been by an unexpected visit from a tribe of Esquimaux, dication of scurvy; ar.d the medical report bore that the mess tent of the Pury's oficers ; but it was too who, to the number of thirty, made their appearance all the crew were much enfeebled. The purpose to evident that the bears had been unaking frequent visits. upon the 9th January 1830. Miserable and forlorn abandon the ship and try the boats came to be enter. Where the preserved meats and vegetables had been as these people are, they were found by our voyagers tained ; and towards the end of April they eommenerd deposited, we found every thing entire. The canisters to have some useful knowledge, and they showed pro- carrying forward with the sledges a certain quantity had been piled up in two beaps; but though quite ex. vident habits. Some of them, and, as in Parry's case, of provisions and the boats. The labour of travellir posed to all the chances of the climate for four years, one of them a female, could even give such lessons over ice and snow was very severe, and made moro sa they had not suffered in the slightest degree. There in geography as our travellers were glad to receive. by the occasional wind and snow-drift. The final abarhad been no water to rust them, and the security of They were acquainted with Winter Island and Re- denment of the ship took place on the 29th May 182 the joinings had prevented the bears from smelling pulse Bay. One man drew with a pencil several large After a month's fatigning work, and every attempt their conteats. On examining the meats, they were lakes close to that part of the country-showed the at escape having been baffled, they had once more to not found frozen, nor did the taste of the several arti- spots where his countrymen were to be found—and fix themselves in winter quarters, which they did st cles appear to have been in the least degree altered. assured the voyagers that the land might be crossed in Fury Beech, where they constructed a house thirty This was, indeed, ) si all satisfaction, as it was not nine days to the ocean. Captain Ross, it ought here one by sixteen feet, seven feet in the ceiling to be coour luxury, but our very ezistence, and the prospect to be mentioned, had it in his power to show gratitude vered with canvass, and upon which they bestowed the

return.

A STORY.

name of Somerset House. Here they set the carpen- upon the government, who had not appointed them, in and decided the question. The general, a spare, ter to work to repair the three boats remaining of the or given its sanction, in any way whatever, to the ex- pale, temperate man, to whom such a disease seemed Fury. Upon the 1st of August, the ice unexpectedly pedition, but which had been throughout a mere pri- impossible, was carried off by apoplexy ; leaving a broke up, and the travellers set off in the boats in the vate adventure. They became claimants, however. sickly, gentle-tempered widow and two children ; a hope of reaching Baffin's Bay before the departure of Their applications for relief were well received, and, son of high promise, who had just left college, and set the whalers. The sudden setting in of the ice, how in the tide of general sympathy, readily and liberally out on a long tour through half of Europe and much ever, obliged them again to desist. They hauled the complied with. The men, by order of the Lords of of Asia; and one daughter, a delicate girl of fourboats on shore, left them there, and, on the 25th of the Admiralty, received double full pay until they teen, whom her mother, in consideration of her own September, set out across the ice on their return to finally abandoned the ship, and full pay after that until low spirits and declining health, sent immediately to Somerset House, where they arrived, after a most toil- | their arrival in England, amounting in gross to a sum school, some and harassing march, on the 7th of October. of L.4580. Captain Ross himself received L.5000 by a Six years had elapsed between the general's death They had still in store plenty of flour, sugar, soap, vote of Parliament, and, along with his friend and pa- and the date of my little story, when Horace Vernon, peas, vegetables, pickles, and lemon-juice; but of pre-tron Booth, received the honour of knighthood. The returning home to his affectionate relations, embrowned served meats there was not more than might suffice gunner and purser of the Victory were promoted to by long travel, but manly, graceful, spirited, and infor another voyage in the boats during next season. ships of the line; the medical officer was put in the telligent, even beyond their expectations, found them

Fourth Year.—The death of that most important way of being made full surgeon in the navy; and on the eve of the archery meeting, and was prevailed member of a ship's crew, the carpenter, cast a damp Commander Ross was appointed to a ship, and put upon by his mother, far too ailing a woman to attend upon the party. He expired on the 28th February upon full pay for twelve months, in order that he public places, to escort his sister and her chaperone 1833. Want of employment-short allowance of food | might at the end of that service receive the rank of a female cousin on a visit at the house-to the ap-the melancholy induced by the uniform waste, where post-captain. Add to all this, that Sir John Ross pointed scene of amusement. snow and ice were the only elements, had the effect published his travels in a dear form by general sub- A happy party were they that evening! Horace, by this time of reducing the whole party to a more in- scription, whereby he no doubt expected to realise restored to his own country and his own home, his birthdifferent state of health than had hitherto been expe- further remuneration.

place, and the scene of his earliest and happiest recolrienced. Mr Thom, the purser, and two of the seamen, Without calling in question the measure of reward lections, seated between his mild, placid, gracious were severely afflicted with scurvy. The monotonous bestowed on Ross and his party, we may be permitted mother, and the pretty timid sister, with whose simand depressed state of existence into which they had to say, that the expedition has produced no result of plicity and singleness of mind he was enchanted, thus fallen, is well expressed in the following pas- the least value, in the way of either geographic or ge- seemed to have nothing more to desire on earth. He sage :-“When snow was our decks, snow our awn- neral scientific discovery. It has been a voyage which was, however, sensible to something like a revulsion ings, snow our observatories, snow our larders, snow has led to nothing. The question as to the existence of feeling ; for, besides being a dutiful inheritor of his our salt, and when all the other uses of snow should of a north-west passage is still as far from being an- father's aversions and prejudices, he had certain ancient be at last of no more avail, our coffins and our graves swered satisfactorily as ever, while, with reference to quarrels of his own-skirmishes with gamekeepers, were to be graves and coffins of snow. Is this not Captain Ross's expedition, the fuss which has been and shooting and fishing squabbles, and such like more than enough of snow than suffices for admira- made about it, not to speak of the silly manner in questions to settle with Mr Page. He did certainly tion ? Is it not worse, that during ten of the months which it has been dramatised and puffed, has thrown feel something like disappointment when, on inquiring in a year the ground is snow, and ice, and slush ;' an air of ridicule over what ougiit to have excited into those family details which his long absence had that during the whole year its tormenting, chilling, feelings of a contrary nature.

rendered so interesting, he found this their old hereodious presence, is ever before the eye ?”

ditary enemy, the man whom he thought it meritorious But deliverance was at hand. They finally quitted

to hate, transmuted into their chief adviser and friend. Somerset House, Fury Beach, upon Monday the 8th

THE SILVER ARROW,

Mr Page had put a stop to a lawsuit in which his July 1833, with their boats. They were detained for

mother's dower and his sister's small fortune were ina short time at Batty Bay; but finding the ice to se- [In the leading article of our 195th number we adverted to the volved, and had settled the matter for them so advan. parate, and a lane of water to open out, they succeeded petty mischiefs and vexations which sometimes arise among nexi- tageously that they were better off than before; Mr in crossing over to the eastern side of Prince Regent's door neighbours, on account of the silly antipathies which they Page had discovered and recovered the family plate Inlet. They then stood along the southern shore of form towards each other. The following story by Miss Mitford, abstracted by a thieving butler, and had moreover Barrow's Strait, and upon the 26th of August 1833, abridged from her "Belford Regis” and other works, will show contrived, to the unspeakable comfort of both ladies, they discovered a sail. Tantalising delays and disap- how little will frequently serve to eradicate such hatreds among that the thief should not be hanged ; Mr Page had pointments ensued for a time, but they at length suc

persons who ought to live on terms of mutual friendship.] sent out to Russia, in a most advantageous situation, ceeded in making themselves visible to the crew of one HORACE and FRANCES VERNON were the only chil. the old steward's grandson, the pet and protégé of the of her boats, who speedily came to the rescue. “She dren of a very gallant officer of high family and mo- family; Mr Page had transported to the Swan River was soon alongside," says Captain Ross, “ when the derate fortune, who had during his lifetime been one a vautrien cousin, the family plague ; Mr Page had mate in command addressed us, by presuming that of the most zealous followers of the two factions who di- new-filled the conservatory; Mr Page had new-clothed we had met with some misfortune, and lost our ship. vided H-shire, and had bequeathed to his son as the garden wall; and, finally, as Frances declared This being answered in the affirmative, I requested abundant a legacy of prejudices and feuds as would have with tears in her eyes, Mr Page had saved her dear to know the name of his vessel, and expressed our done honour to a border chieftain of the fifteenth cen- mother's life by fetching Mr Brodie in the crisis of a wish to be taken on board. I was answered that it tury. The good general's prime aversion, his pet quinsey, in a space of time which, considering the diswas the 'Isabella of Hull, once commanded by Cap- hatred, had of course fallen upon his nearest opponent, tance, would seem incredible. This last assertion tain Ross;' on which I stated that I was the identical his next neighbour, who, besides the sin of espousing completely silenced Horace, who, to the previous feats, man in question, and my people the crew of the Vic-one interest in H-shire, as the general espoused had exhibited a mingled incredulity of the benefits betory. That the mate who commanded this boat was another, had committed the unpardonable crime of ing really conferred, and an annoyance at receiving as much astonished at this information as he appeared making his own large fortune as a Russia mer benefits from such a quarter, supposing them to be as to be, I do not doubt; while, with the usual blunder- chant; and, not content with purchasing a consi- great as their glowing gratitude represented. He said headedness of men on such occasions, be assured me derable estate, which the general, to clear off old mort- no more ; but the feeling continued, and when poor that I had been dead two years. I easily convinced gages, had found it convenient to sell, had erected a Frances began to talk of her dear friend and schoolhim, however, that what ought to have been trus, ac- huge staring red house within sight of the ball win- fellow Lucy, Mr Page's only child of her talent and cording to his estimate, was a somewhat premature dows, where he kept twice as many horses, carriages, beauty, and her thousand amiable qualities and when conclusion, as the bear-like form of the whole set of and servants, and saw at least three times as much Mrs Vernon added a gentle hint as to the large fortune us might have shown him, had he taken time to dis- company, as his aristocratio neighbour. If ever one that she would inherit, Horace smiled and said nocover that we were certainly not whaling gentlemen, good sort of a man hated another (for they were both thing, but went to bed as thoroughly determined to and that we carried tolerable evidence of our being excellent persons in their way), General Vernon hated hate Mr Page, and to find his daughter plain and dis'true men, and no impostors,' on our backs, and in John Page.

agreeable, as his deceased father, the general, could our starved and unshaven countenances. A hearty John Page, on his side, who scorned to be outdone have done for the life of him. “I see your aim, my congratulation followed, of course, in the true seaman in an honest English aversion by any man in Chris- dear mother and sister,” thought he to himself ; style ; and after a few natural inquiries, he added, tendom, detested the general with equal cordiality; if my fortune be limited, so are my wishes ; and I am that the Isabella was commanded by Captain Humph- and a warfare of the most inveterate animosity ensued not the man to enact Master Fenton to this Anne reys; when he immediately went off in his boat, to between them at all places where it was possible that | Page of yours, or Lucy, or whatever her name may communicate his information on board, repeating that disputes should be introduced, at vestries and county be, though she were the richest tallow-merchant's wo had long been given up as lost, not by them alone, meetings, at quarter-sessions and at the weekly bench. daughter in all Russia.” but by all England.

In these skirmishes the general had much the best of So thinking he went to bed, and so thinking he arose As we approached slowly after him to the ship, he the battle. Not only was his party more powerful the next morning—the great morning of the archery jumped up the side, and in a minute the rigging was and influential, but his hatred, being of the cold, meeting ; and his spleen was by no means diminished, manned ; while we were saluted with three cheers as courtly, provoking sort that never comes to words, when, on looking out of his window, the great ugly we came within cable's length, and were not long in gave him much advantage over an adversary hot, red house of his rich neighbour stared him in the face; getting on board of my old vessel, where we were all angry, and petulant, whose friends had great difficulty and on looking to the other side of the park, he was received by Captain Humphreys with a hearty sea- in restraining him within the permitted bounds of civil differently but almost as unpleasantly affected by an man's welcome. The ludicrous soon took place of all disputation. An ordinary champion would have been object on which most persons would have gazed with other feelings; in such a crowd and such confusion, driven from the field by such a succession of defeats ; delight-his pretty little sister, light and agile as a all serious thought was impossible, while the new buoy- but our reformer (so he delighted to style himself) had bird, practising at the target, and almost dancing with ancy of our spirits made us abundantly willing to be qualities, good and bad, which prevented his yielding joy as she lodged an arrow within the gold—for Hoamused by the scene which now opened. Every man an inch. He was game to the back-bone. Í.et him race, just arrived from the Continent, was not only was hungry, and was to be fed ; all were ragged, and be beaten on a question fifty times, and he would ad- quite free from the prevailing mania, but had imbibed were to be clothed ; there was not one to whom wash- vance to the combat the fifty-first as stoutly as ever. a strong prejudice against the amusement, which he ing was not indispensable, nor one whom his beard did He was a disputant whom there was no tiring down. considered too frivolous for men, and too full of attinot deprive of all English semblance. All, every thing, John Page was of a character not uncommon in his tude and display for women_effeminate in the one too, was to be done at onee ; it was washing, dressing, class in this age and country. Acute and shrewd on sex, and masculine in the other. shaving, eating, all intermingled ; it was all the ma- many subjects, he was yet on some favourite topics pre- He loved his sister, however, too well to entertain terials of each jumbled together; while

, in the midst judiced, obstinate, opinionated, and conceited, as your the slightest idea of interrupting a diversion in which of all, there were interminable questions to be asked self-educated man is often apt to be: add to this that she took so much pleasure, and which was approved and answered on both sides ; the adventures of the he was irritable, impetuous, and violent, and we have by her mother and sanctioned by general usage. He Victory, our own escape, the politics of England, and all the elements of a good bater. On the other hand, joined her, therefore, not intending to say a word in the news which was four years old. But all subsided he was a liberal master, a hospitable neighbour, á disapprobation of the sport, with a kind observation into peace at last. The sick were accommodated, the warm and generous friend, a kind brother, an affec- on her proficiency, and a prognostic that she would win seamen disposed of, and all was done for all of us which tionate husband, and a doating father : note, beside, the silver arrow, when all his good resolutions wero care and kindness could perform."

that he was a square-made little man, with a bluff overset by her reply. The fate of Captain Ross and his crew had been but good-humoured countenance, a bald head, an eagle “Oh, brother !” said Frances in a melancholy tone, long lamented in England, where it was universally eye, a loud voice, and a frank and unpolished but by “ what a pity it is that you should have stayed all the believed that his voyage had terminated fatally. Of no means vulgar manner, and the courteous reader summer in Germany, where you had no opportunity course, his reappearance along with his party was will have a pretty correct idea of Mr John Page. of target practice, or else you too might have won å hailed with great rejoicing as a kind of resurrection Whether he or his aristocratic adversary would silver arrow, the gentlemen's prize !" from the dead. Their exertions and sufferings had finally have gained the mastery at the bench and in “I win a silver arrow !" exclaimed Horace, nearly been great, still neither he nx his men had any claim the vestry, time only could have shown. Death stepped | as much astonished, and quite as much scandalised, as

but

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