Зображення сторінки
PDF
ePub

Column for the Boys.

nest, pious, and innocent in their enjoyments, delight- and just ideas, with which the spirit of persecution MY DEAR LITTLE Boys - Among my various ing chiefly in the contemplation of nature, and the and intolerance is incompatible. While the prejudiced

attributes of the Deity. They have, it seems, no greit individual breathes nothing but intolerance and per. friendly addresses to you, I do not remember havo hospitals for poor, or for eclucation, as in this country, secution against [or, at least, speaks spitefully or dis. ing attempted to impress upon you with sufficient their rich men preferring to go about relieving the respectfully of} those who happen to differ from him. force, the danger which you are in of acquiring and needy with their own hands rather than leaving money self, the enlightened and benevolent consider the nourishing prejudices or views of a narrow-minded for the erection of splendid edifices. They likewise different nations of mankind as living under different and ungenerous character. A narrow-minded feeling seek out poor od distressed slaves, whom they pur- dispensations, and resign them all into the hands of

that Divine Being, who rules and disposes all things is not perhaps in all instances actively vicious, but it istence. All this, you see, shows tine traits of feeling; as he thinks fit, and in a manner which our feeble should be, if possible, shunned as the source of much and should convince you, that, even among Turks, reason is not able to comprehend." disquietude in society, and as frequently leading to that and what are called heathens, there exist principles which is injurious both to our own interests and the of virtue, and a sense of moral responsibility:

MY ISLAND HOME. interests of others.

By reading the works of travellers and historians, and comparing the facts detailed one with another,

My verse's tuncless jingle Young persons who remain in a state of compara

With Thule's sounding tides shall mingle.

While to the ear of wondering wight tive ignorance from want of proper mental cultivation, you will, I have no doubt, purify your minds from many such prejudices as I havé here exemplified.

Upon the distant headland height,

Soften'd by murinur of the sca, are usually impregnated with all kinds of absurd pre- Without reading, you will remain in a hopeless state

The rude sound seems like harmony!

-SCOTT. judices and evil propensities. They have the most of ignorance. Make a point of occupying a portion of

My Island Home ! I love thee well, ridiculous fears, the most narrow-minded notions. your leisure hours in reading--not reading frivolous

Despite the rugged shore ; Education at school is understood to be beneficial in trashy novels, but the productions of respectable tra. vellers, historians, and other writers. Of the various

Thy rocks of gladsome moments tell,

Fled to return no more. stripping away the natural errors of the pupil; but branches of literature which may thus engage your unless the usual routine of school studies be followed attention, and raise generous emotions in your mind,

They speak of joys' unclouded light

Of sorrows, scarce less dear; up by the perusal of the works of intelligent authors, I consider that you will reap most benefit from the and unless the young man learn to judge of the acreading of books of history. Unfortunately, most

Of laughing moments' rapid flight historians dwell too much on descriptions of battles

Affliction's balmy tear. tions of mankind by the extensively applicable rule of and other military achievements : all such matters, My Island Home! I love thee well, Charity, elementary education does not completely however, you will pass over, in sorrow for the mass of Despite thy barren plains : fulfil the end for which it is designed.

suffering which has from first to last been endured, They'll tell of early hours of bliss, One of the first prejudices which a boy acquires, is and devote your attention principally to the causes While memory remains. which conspired to effect the rise and decline of em

'Tis true they also speak of grief ; one of self-love. It is the notion that he is the best, pires, kingdoms, and states the gradual improvement

Yet not for aught below the cleverest, the most knowing, and, if chastised for of the human mind-the origin, progress, and influ

Would I forego thosc dreams of youth, misconduct, the worst-used, of all boys whatever. ence of arts and sciences, literature and commerce-

Though early tinged by woe. He has an idea that all mankind should bow down the manner in which the privileges you enjoy were

My Island Home! I love thee well, and worship him, or at least minister to his desires established and how the civilisation and refinement

Despite thy cloudy skies ; without regard to either one thing or another. His displayed in cities, courts, and senates, rose from small

In thy calm twilight's clear-obscure beginnings to their present condition. The reading next prejudice is, that the place where he vras born

What varied thoughts arise ! of these matters will furnish you with an inexhaust.

Even thy wild storms possess a charm; and dwells is superior in excellence to all other places ible fund of entertainment and instrucöion, and will

Thy ocean's circling foam in the country. His third great leading prejudice is, have a wonderful tendency in clearing away those To Thule's child can bring no dreadthat the country to which he belongs is the greatest illiberal prejudices which narrow the mind, deaden

They speak of peace and home. the feelings, and cloud the understanding. and niost-to-be-lauded country in the whole world : he I beg to conclude these observations with a quota

My Island Home! my childhood's home! believes that there is no country like it ; that it could tion from an excellent author, Bigland, whose letters

Beyond iar fairer lands, fight and beat any two nations on the globe ; that the on history form one of the best works which you could

"Tis thou, vlespite thine aspect wild, peruse. people of other countries are a poor, shabby, ignorant

“ Certain prepossessions (says he) take hold

That all my love demands : from our

The visions of the lov'd and lost race, not nearly so strong or so wise as the people of of our minds, and domineer over our reason, infancy, from the first dawn of thought. They are

Are blended with each scene; his country, and are only fit to be despised ; and that

inspired by systems and establishments, by received And inemory lives to linger o'er his country, in short, is the essence of every thing customs, by current opinions, and by the conversa

Each spot where bliss hath been. that is excellent and admirable. Now, my dear young tion and the authority of those who are the nearest

Lerwick.

C. G. friends, all this is the result of sheer narrow-minded- and dearest to us, and have the greatest influence

over us. Every nation, every religious sect, every ness and want of knowledge. If the boys who think

A PRUDENT GULL.-The family of H. Peter, Esq. so foolishly would reflect a little, or read a little, or prejudices are strengthened by various circumstances; ing at breakfast-time, threw a piece of bread out of

class of society, has prejudices peculiis toitself: these of Harlyn, on the north coast of Cornwall, one mornknew a little more of mankind, they would perceive they acquire a deeper root from the books we read, the window to a stray sca-gull, which happened to that such notions are both weak and absurd. They the country we live in, the persons with whom we have made its appearance at the moment: the bird would know that there are boys far cleverer and boy's converse, the station of life in which we are placed, ate the bread and new away. The next day, at the

and a thousand other incidents. If we should select much worse used than themselves. They would know

same hour, he appeared again, was again fed, and dethat the place of their birth or residence is not only equal as possible (for a perfect equality in this rea certain number of children, of capacities as nearly parted. From this time, for a period of eighteen years,

the gull never failed to show himself at the window no better than hundreds of other places, but perhaps spect does not exist), if we should give them all the every morning at the same hour, and to stalk up and very much inferior in many points. They would like- same education, and place them in the same station down till he had received his meal (a basin of bread wise know that their country is not the best of all

of life, whatever trifling difference might be observed and milk), when he instantly took his leave till the possible countries : that there are nations who are as

in their understandings or acquirements owing to the next morning. The only time he omitted to do this

different degrees of their application and intellectual virtuous, as courageous, as wise, as worthy of esteemn exertion, or other incidental circumstances, we should coast, which lasted about six weeks in each year; and

was during the period of the pilchards being on the as their own, if not a great deal more so.

still find in all of them (more or less) the saine views, at this time he omitted his morning visit. At ler.gth There is another prejudice which young people are the same prejudices, the same current opinions and he brought one of his own species with him to partake apt to acquire; it is the prejudice of class or rank. general ideas. But if, on the contrary, they should of his meal; and they continued to come together Country boys affect to despise town boys, because they

be differently educated and disposed of—if one should daily for about a fortnight, when they suddenly disare ignorant of many things connected with the coun

be made a soldier, another a sailor, the third an hus; appeared, and were never seen afterwards.-Jesse's

bandman, the fourth a merchant_if another should Gleanings in Natural History. try; and town boys similarly look down upon coun.

be placed in a monastery, and enter into one of the re- A Foolish CUSTOM REPROVED.--Sir Gilbert Heath. try boys, because they are perhaps less neatly dressed,

ligious orders of the church of Rome, another become a or' know less of some kind of public or city amuse.

cote being one night in company with the minister, minister of some Protestant church—if another should Sir Robert Walpole, at his house, and being asked ments. Poor boys, also, affect a contempt' for boys

be sert into a Mahometan country, and, after a suit. what he would like for supper, made free to men. who belong to wealthier parents; a prejudice which

able education, become a mufti of the Mussulman tion beef steaks and oyster sauce. After supper an is repaid by the contempt which the sons of the rich

religion--if another should be educated among the hour or two was spent in conversation over a glass have for those who are in poverty. All this is exceed.

Brahmins of India, and the mind of another be formed of good wine : at last Sir Gilbert rose to bid his friend ingly bad. Every such prejudice has a tendency to among the Lamas of Thibettian Tartary, or among good-night; but in passing into the hall, he found it increase in virulence, till at length whole classes of the disciples of Confucius, or the worshippers of Foe, lined with the liveried attendants of the minister, to grown men are found holding mean and unworthy

in China or Japan, we should then see in their differ- whom he now turned and asked, “Pray, Sir Robert, opinions of each other.

ent prejudices, current opinions and general ideas, be so good as to point out which of these I am to pay It is my cordial wish that you should habituate your. the full force and influence of external and adventi- for my beef steak ?" Sir Robert, taking the hint, selves to the practice of suspending your opinions of tious circumstances upon the human int:llect. If the gave the signal for the servants to withdraw imme. any body, of any class, or of the people of any country, minds of men could be rendered visible, what differ- diately. till you have read a good deal, gained experience of ent pictures would those persons in their maturer Imitation.--Sir Joshua Reynolds continually de. the world, or have had just cause for forming a ma. years display! They would exhibit in the most lu: precated imitation, as the ruin of rising ability, as an ture judgment. I remember believing, along with minous, the most distinct, and the most striking point impediment which if talent raises for itself, at once my juvenile companions, that the French were a puny of view, the full power and effect of national, political, and for ever limits its progress. “We have a host race of men, not nearly so stout, or well made, or well and religious prejudices upon the human mind. These of players of the Garrick school," said he, “and not dressed, as the English and Scotch. I was, indeed, prejudices, diversified by a thousand different shades, one of them can ever rise to eminence, because they told this by persons who ought to have known better. some more faintly, others more strongly marked, in- are of the Garrick school. If one man always walks I can now say, from observation, that the French are fluence, in a greater or less degree, almost every indi. behind another, how can he ever equal him, still more by no means the miserable race they have been repre- vidual of the human race; but more especially the get before him ?"- Monthly Magazine. sented to be. The people who crowd the streets of vulgar and illiterate, the slaves of systems, opinions, Paris are as good looking and as well dressed as the and fashions ; and their influence is hostile to the ima LONDON: Published, with permission of the Proprietors, by ORI people of London or Edinburgh. It is time, there

& SMITH, Paternoster Row; and sold by G. BERGRR, Holy. provement of the human mind, as well as to true reli.

well Street, Strand : BANCKS & Co., Manchester: WRIGHTSON fore, that these aspersions and prejudices should be done gion and Christian charity.

& WEBB, Birmingham: WiLiNXR & Smith. Liverpool: W. away with, both among young and old. Every one Nothing has a greater tendency to eradicate narrow

E. SOMERSCALE, Leeds; C. N. WRIOUT, Nottingham; N.

BINGHAM, Bristol; S. SIMMs, Bath; C. GAIN, Exeter; J. PURamong us is also told what a bad class of men the Turks and illiberal prejudices than a general acquaintance DON, Hull; A. WHITTAKER, Sheffield; H. BeLLERBY, York; are : they are believed to possess no good qualities with those circumstances and events, which, at dif. J. TAYLOR, Brighton; George Young, Dublin ; and all other whatever. Now, this is likewise an aspersion on ferent periods, have taken place in the world, and

Booksellers and Newsmen in Grcat Britain and Ireland, Canada, national character. A late enlightened traveller, who which have, in so decisive a manner, determined the Complete sets of the work from its commencement, or numwas not carried away by prejudices, describes the 'Turks condition and opinions of mankind; and this know. bers to complete sets, may at all times be obtained from the Pubs as possessing many excellent qualitics. He says they ledge the judicious perusal of ancient and modern

lishers or their Agents.

Stereotyped by A. Kirkwood, Edinburgh. are remarkably charitable, not greedy of wealth, ho- | history communicates. Henco arise extensive views Printed by Bradbury and Evans (late T. Davison). Whitefriare

Nova Scotia, and United States of America.

[graphic]

EDINBURGII (HOURNAL

CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM CHAMBERS, AUTHOR OF “THE BOOK OF SCOTLAND,” &c., AND BY ROBERT CHAMBERS,

AUTHOR OF “TRADITIONS OF EDINBURGH,” “PICTURE OF SCOTLAND,” &c.

No. 198.

SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 14, 1835.

PRICE THREE HALFPENCE.

A LITTLE LEARNING.

addition at one's finger-ends, while there is safety in us to pursue good and shun evil, to promote our own THERE are some popular sayings which have only fractions ? Is there a danger in the first dozen pro- happiness and that of our fellow-creatures, we learn enough of plausibility about them to gain a dubious blems of Euclid, while there is none in those which either in vain or to our loss. But though learning, respect and exercise an imperfect authority among follow ? Is the Ass's Bridge a kind of line of do- if it set up for itself other objects, may be “ a dangermankind, and yet, though not sound enough to be marcation between a land of terror and a land of se- ous thing,” it is not so with a reference to amount or confidently or generally acted on, are capable of pre- curity? Is an infant school necessarily a scene of degree; it is so only in reference to kind. Evil learn.. senting some little obstruction to the progress of truth. flesh-shaking fears, while Eton and Harrow display ing will produce evil, and good learning will produce A few of these, I regret to say, are to be traced to the the peace and tranquillity of a country that knows good, while the intellectual improvement of a nature most eminent of our poets.

not guilt? Are we to fly from an alphabet class as inclined originally to evil, and unprovided with moral To Pope we are indebted for the sapient maxim, we should from a pestilence, while we hug the first-checks, can only confer greater powers of mischief. that “a little learning is a dangerous thing." The form boys to our heart of hearts ? Are we to expect If it were generally known, however, that the moral moral bard, I believe, designed this expression to have that, when our country is ruined by her degenerate faculties require a separate cultivation from the ina particular application only; and he is not therefore sons—children, servants, mechanics, and other indi- tellectual ; and if a separate but corresponding cultiva. chargeable with any blame for having put it into cir- viduals possessing “a little learning,” are to be ex- tion were accordingly, under whatever circumstances, culation. It has been caught up, however, by the clusively found in the ranks of her destroyers, while given to them—in the domestic circle, at school, in world, and we hear it quoted on all sorts of occasions, all who know more than that two and two make four the inanagement of private study, and in the lecturejocularly, half seriously, and whole seriously, being are to be looking on in despair ?

room—no learning, except it were of a kind more peculiarly useful to those sage and well-informed per- But what is a little learning ? The wisest of unin- pernicious than any now in vogue amongst mankind, sons, who pay mankind the compliment of thinking spired men said that the utmost he could know was that could be attended with evil consequences. The true that the bulk of them ought to be kept in a state of he knew nothing. And it is no insult to the world to object would then be attained. ignorance. “A little learning is a dangerous thing !” declare, that as yet but a small part of what is knowable there is a terrifying sententiousness and mysterious is known. Even so primarily necessary a piece of know- INSENSIBILITY OF ANIMALS TO PAIN. mess in the apothegm, highly suitable for the purposes ledge as the relation of man and his mind to the rest MR STODDART's proposition, in his instructive and of those who do not find any advantage in coming to of nature, is only beginning to dawn upon us. At entertaining little work on angling, that fishes do not particulars. When aided by a judicious use of the this rate, the high and mighty persons who talk of feel pain in being hooked, is somewhat startling, and words “smattering” and “smatterers," it can hardly the danger of a little learning, must be possessed of such as will have set many persons a-thinking on the be resisted.

very little learning themselves. Their acquisitions, nature of the nervous system of the pike, trout, and Now, the plain truth is, that there is no danger in compared to what they might acquire, are perhaps other finny inhabitants of the waters. Mr Stoddart any degree of learning. Every thing must have a not more than as 3 to 100, while the learning of those being only a practical angler, and no casuist, does not beginning. The child must totter before it can walk, at whom they sneer, is as l. Now, suppose that attempt to explain why fish are thus insensible to what and prattle before it can talk. As wise would it be there existed a person possessing the whole hundred, is called pain ; leaving that to physiologists, he con. to apprehend serious mischief from the tottering and and suppose Mr Three complaining to that indivi- tents himself with, simply, what he has observed in prattling of a child, as from the first steps in learn- dual of danger from Mr One. What would Lord the course of his experience in angling. Speaking of ing. Is there any peculiar ferocity in the first classes Hundred think and say ? “You poor miserable frac-pike-fishing, he remarks—“Although the pike is often of our academies, resulting from their imperfect in- tion !” we can conceive him exclaiming ; "you imp nice and suspicious, in places where trout abound, struction, and which experiences a gradual decline in of ignorance ! you vain wretch, who hardly know still, when provoked, he becomes bold and unwary, the ensuing years of their course ? Is there an atmo- any thing, and nothing worth knowing, and yet treating your presence as no constraint upon his temsphere of wickedness about Ruddiman's Rudiments, think yourself at the very summit of perfection! If per and appetites. He will follow the bait to your which does not hang over Livy and Horace ? Are you look down upon the honourable struggles of an very feet, and should it escape him, will retire a yard the boobies, whose learning is usually little enough, | ignorance only a shade deeper than your own, but or two, waiting eagerly for its reappearance. When supposed to contract therefrom a wildness not to be more modest, with what feeling am I to regard your angry, he erects his fins in a remarkable manner, as found in the duces ? Can those gentle beings be learning, which is not a thirtieth of mine? What the lion doth his mane, or the porcupine his quills ; suspected to have, like Macbeth, “ something dan- deeper dye of the passion of contempt is to be em- moreover, the pike appears careless of pain, if, indeed, gerous” beneath all that tranquillity of demeanour ployed in expressing what I think of you? You an- fishes in general feel it to any great degree. We have which so much distinguishes them ? If they have, ticipate danger, too, from knowledge only a third part actually landed one of these fish, cooped him alive in what hypocritical dogs they must be, and how inno- of your own : am I to anticipate thirty times more our creel, and when, by some negligence of ours, he cently, after all, do they contrive to live! Many danger from you ? No; I anticipate thirty times made his escape into the water, have succeeded a men have risen, by the acquirement of knowledge, less—for I scorn you thirty times more. Get you second time in securing him. On another occasion, from the very humblest and most ignorant condition ; gone, you paltry thing, and never let me see your we remember having a part of our tackle, consisting some to be heads of colleges, others to be dignitaries face again, till, as the least possible reparation for of a large double gorge-hook, dressed upon brass wire, of the church, others eminent teachers; but in none your insolence, you have made poor One as well-in- carried off by a pike; and yet, upon renewing it, the of the works which give an account of their early formed as yourself !”

aggressor returned to the charge, and was taken. years, though some of these are written with great It can scarcely be necessary to argue this question The former hook we discovered, gorged by him in minuteness and fidelity by themselves, are we told of in a more serious manner. The blessing of know- such a manner as must, we thought, not only have any viciousness of nature having broke forth in them, ledge, in all its shapes and degrees, is so fully esti- suffocated any other animal, but done so by the meat the time when they first handled their dictionaries. mated by the bulk of mankind, that the clamours of dium of the most exquisite internal agony. Many artizans and clerks now possess “ a little learn that small minority of supposedly learned but really Judging from these facts, and others we shall preing," or rather a little knowledge (for the distinction ignorant persons, who think that it is necessarily ac- sently relate, it seenis to us, that, according to the is material), and I own it would puzzle me to tell companied by danger, may well be despised. It may arrangements of Nature, fishes are possessed of no what danger they have incurred, or threaten to their be proper, however, to take this opportunity of cor- very acute sense of pain, and are generally defective neighbours, by knowing that an eclipse of the sun recting certain popular notions respecting knowledge in that structure of emotions, upon which suffering arises from the intervention of the moon, while ig- Its occasionally failing in all its degrees to produce and pleasure are separately dependent. Those who norant of the sublime geometry which calculates the perfectly laudable conduct, while virtue is sometimes hold angling to be a cruel sport, are, we maintain, laws of the motion of the latter body. If there be found to reside with ignorance, is perhaps one of the without argument, until they discover to us the clue various degrees of danger in various degrees of learn- principal stumblingblocks in the way of the more gene- by which to trace those capabilities in fish enabling ing, I should like to have a graduated scale by which ral diffusion of knowledge. It ought to be thoroughly them to endure the great extremes of heat and cold, those various degrees should be indicated : I should understood that the cultivation of the intellectual fa- to which water is liable. Should it be answered, they like to know when a man might be trusted in arith- culties, though likely to be favourable to the general are cold-blooded—that is the best reason why they are metic, when in geometry, and when in natural philo- conduct, is not necessarily so, and may often advance - not easily affected by any other sort of pain, such, for sophy. At what point in heraldry, for instance, does a great way with not only no improvement, but a po- instance, as is inflicted by the hook. It will be asked, man cease to be liable to fall into criminal propensities, sitive deterioration, of the moral sentiments. Know- however, why do fish struggle so vehemently, and and begin to recover his pristine innocence ? But ledge is only power when combined with morality. If make such vigorous efforts to escape ? Merely from can it really be that there is any peril in having simple | the ruling aim of our acquirements be not to enable la love of freedom, and impatience of control, which

desire after liberty is common to all breathing crea- newed its efforts to escape. This fact being mentioned under similar circumstances, if the finger be moved tures, from the fly upwards.

to Mr Haworth, the well-known English entomologist, to it, will attempt to sting.' And as to trout, we may mention, that the same he confirmed the truth of the remarkable insensibility That the acuteness of bodily suffering, even among insensibility to pain has been practically proved to us to pain manifested by insects, by narrating an addi, the higher classes of the brute creation, is in some to be theirs, in common with the pike. We have tional circumstance. Being in a garden with a friend manner providentially subdued, and rendered so much caught them with large hooks, and even minnow who firmly believed in the delicate susceptibility of less acute as not to be a fit subject of comparison with tackles, encased in their mouths and stomachs ; nor these creatures, he struck down a large dragonfly, and the suffering of the human race, is indeed evident did they seem to suffer any great inconvenience, see- in so doing unfortunately severed its long abdomen from various phenomena, whatever the cause may be. ing that their appetites were not impaired, nor their from the rest of the body. He caught a small fily, The writer of this article has seen a turtle dove (Cocondition rendered less healthy. On one occasion, we which he presented to the mutilated insect, by which lumba risoria) which was so severely lacerated by a remember losing a small fly-hook upon some willows, it was instantly seized and devoured ; and a second cat, that the contents of its stomach were torn out. which overhung the water; and on the evening of the was treated in the same manner. Mr Haworth then the painfully excited sympathy of those who had long same day, angling near the spot, we caught a trout contrived to form a false abdomen, by means of a cherished the gentle creature was, however, in a great with our identical fly sticking in his jaw. We re- slender portion of a geranium; and after this opera- measure allayed by seeing the bird immediately after. member also, when lashing the Yarrow behind a com- tion was performed, the dragonfly devoured another wards proceed to pick up the fresh grains of barley panion, he having lost his cast of hooks upon a fish, small insect as greedily as before. When set at liberty, which (till the aid of the surgeon was called in) con. we were so fortunate as to entrap it, and recover his it flew away with as much apparent glee as if it had tinued to fall from its wounded paunch. Aies, not ten minutes after. The trout had the tackle received no injury. It is a fact well known to prac- Considerations of the nature glanced at in the prefastened to his body, dragging after him at least five tical entomologists, that large moths found asleep. ceding paragraphs can never, of course, be so mis. yards of gut."

during the daytime may be pinned to the trunks of construed as to afford any palliation to wanton or Whatever may be the degree of nervous insensi, trees without their appearing to suffer such a degree inconsiderate cruelty to the brute creation. The judges bility of fishes, it is a well-known truth in natural of pain as even to awake them. It is only on the ap- of the Areopagus who condemned to death the child history, that a vast number of insects are not only in proach of the evening twilight that they seek to free whose amusement it had been to pluck out the eyes of sensible to acute pain, but are capable of living and themselves from what they must no doubt regard as quails, were regulated in their determination by the enjoying themselves after they have been mutilated, an inconvenient situation.

motives imputed to the young criminal, and which and even cut in pieces. On this subject of interest, The cruelty of zoological, especially of entomological they deemed expressive of so cruel and pernicious a the following lucid observations occur in the article pursuits, has too often been stated as an objection to character, that in after-times he would assuredly ofANIMAL KINGDOM, in the new edition of the Ency- the practical parts of the study of natural history. fend the state. But had some great oculist, intent on clopædia Britannica, now in course of publication :- When an individual slaughters a hundred brace of the structure and physiology of the human eye, and

* In proportion as the brain decreases in size, the grouse in a single day, we hear nothing of such an engaged in a difficult course of experimental observamedullary matter appears to collect in other parts of objection, possibly because the favour of moor-game tion, by means of which the 'dim suffusion' which the body, or in the cords which emanate from the is very exquisite; and the reason of defence is good. often veils the orbs of his fellow-men might be obvi. brain ; so that many animals with much sinaller brains But the tastes of men differ, and fortunately, as all ated or decreased, found himself under the necessity bave nerves more voluminous in proportion to their have not the ineans of an equal gratification from of having recourse to a somewhat similar operation, bodies than those of man. This medullary substance, the same source. “Cruelty,' say Messrs Kirby and the case would have assumed another character, and the medium of sensation, is, in the human race es- Spence, 'is an unnecessary iniliction of suffering, the most sentimental philanthropist must have appecially, collected into one principal mass, as the engine when a person is fond of torturing or destroying God's plauded the practice of the philosopher. So it is in of thought and reflection, the intellectual attributes creatures from mere wantonness, with no useful end a great measure with the pursuits of the naturalist. by which man is characterised ; but it becomes dis- in view ; or when, if their death be useful and lawful, If the wonderful structure of the lower orders of persed in the inferior animals, or ramified over the he has recourse to circuitons modes of killing them, creation cannot be studied or understood, or their in. whole body in the form of ganglions or nervous chords, where direct ones would answer equally well. This finitely varied forms held in remeinbrance, without without any preponderating superior brain. It is owing is cruelty, and this with you we abominate; but not hastening by a few days or hours the termination of to this dispersion of the nervous system into these the infliction of death when a just occasion calls for it. that brief career which in truth scarcely ever meets small separate centres in the polypus and other tribes, With respect to utility, the sportsman, who, though with a strictly natural end, then is the student of nathat almost every portion of the body, when separated he adds indeed to the general stock of food, makes ture, following out the principles of an elevating and from the rest, is capable of becoming a distinct animal, amusement his primary object, must surely yield the intellectual pursuit, as well entitled to command a and of assuming an independent existence.

palm to the entomologist, who adds to the general portion of animal lífe as he who, to pamper the reSingular effects result from the dispersion of the stock of mental food, often supplies hints for useful fined grossness of a sensual appetite, bleeds his tur. brain into so many small and separate centres; and improvement in the arts and sciences, and the objects keys to death by cutting the roots of their tongues, this class of phenomena also illustrates the analogy of whose pursuit, unlike that of the former, are pre- boils crabs and lobsters alive, and swallows unsuspecte which exists between the lower animals and the vege- served, and may be applied to use for many years. ing oysters by the score.” table world. Among the superior creatures no repro- But in the view of those even who think inhumanity duction takes place except of the fluids, and of what-chargeable upon the sportsman, it will be easy to place ever partakes of the nature of the epidermis. Injury considerations which may secure the entomologist

THE TWO BROTHERS, is repaired and superficial parts renewed, but nothing from such reproof. It is well known, that, in pro

AN IRISH TALE.* resembling regeneration of important organs ever takes portion as we descend in the scale of being, the sensi- The village of Ballydhas was situated in as sweet a place. But it is otherwise with the inferior orders. bility of the objects that constitute it diminishes. The valley as ever gladdened the eye and the heart of man The tentacula of the polypus and of many molluscous tortoise walks about after losing its head; and the to look upon. Contentment, peace, and prosperity, animals, the rays of the star-fish, the external mem- polypus, so far from being injured by the application walked step by step with its happy inhabitants; and bers of the salamander, and the entire head, with the of the knife, thereby acquires an extension of exist the people were marked by a pastoral simplicity of eyes and antenne of the snail, when cut off, are ence. Insensibility almost equally great may be found manners, such as is still to be found in some of the speedily renewed.

in the insect world. This, indeed, might be inferred remote and secluded hamlets of Ireland. Within tro If the head of a mammiferous quadruped, or of a a priori, since providence seems to have been more miles of the village stood Ballaghmore, the market bird, is cut off, the consequences are of course fatal; prodigal of insect life than of that of any other order town of the parish. It also bore the traces of peace but the most dreadful wounds that imagination can of creatures, animalcula perhaps alone excepted. No and industry. Around it lay a rich fertile country, figure or cruelty inflict, have scarcely any destructive part of the creation is exposed to the attack of so many studded with warm homesteads, waving fields, and influence on the vital functions of many of the inferior enemies, or subject to so many disasters ; so that the residences of a higher rank, at once elegant and facreatures. Riboud stuck different beetles through few individuals of each kind which enrich the valued shionable. with pins, and cut and lacerated others in the severest museum of the entomologist, many of which are dearer Many a fair-day have we witnessed in this quiet manner, without greatly accelerating death. Leeu- to him than gold or gems, are snatched from the ra- and thriving market town, and it is pleasant to go wenhoeck had a mite which lived eleven weeks trans- venous maw of some bird or fish, or rapacious insect, back in imagination to one of these hilarious festivals. fixed on a point for microscopical investigation. Vail- would have been driven by the winds into the waters About twelve o'clock the fair-tide is full, when the lant caught a locust at the Cape of Good Hope, and and drowned, or trodden under foot by man or beasts ; utmost activity in solid business prevails. For an after excavating the intestines, he filled the abdomen for it is not easy in some parts of the year to set foot hour or two this continues. About three o'clock the with cotton, and stuck a stout pin through the thorax, to the ground without crushing these minute animals; tide is evidently on the ebb; business begins to slacken; yet the feet and antennæ were in full play after the and thus also, instead of being buried in oblivion, they and now it is that the people fall into distinct groups lapse of five months. In the beginning of November, have a kind of immortality conferred upon them. Can for the purpose of social enjoyment. If two young Redi opened the skull of a land-tortoise, and removed it be believed that the beneficent Creator, whose ten- folk have been for some time " coortin' one another, the entire brain. A feshy integument was observed der mercies are over all his works, would 'expose these the “ bachelor,” which in Ireland means a suitor, geto form over the opening, and the animal lived for helpless beings to such innumerable enemies and in- nerally contrives to bring his friends and those of his six months. Spallanzani cut the heart out of three juries, were they endued with the same sense of pain sweetheart together. The very fact of these accept newts, which immediately took to flight, leapt, swam, and irritability of nerve with the higher orders of ani- | ing the “trate,” on either side, or both, is a good and executed their usual functions for forty-eight mals?'. Instead, therefore, of believing, and being omen, and considered tantamount to a mutual conhours, M. Virey informs us, We have seen a grieved by the belief, that the insect we tread upon, sent of their respective connexions. salamander live two months, though deprived of its head by means of a ligature tied round the neck.' A

In corporal sufferance, finds a pang as great

Amidst such scenes as these, at the fair af BallaghAs when a giant dies,

more, several years ago, a party of the kind now decapitated beetle will advance over a table, and re

alluded to was seen to enter a public-house. It was cognise a precipice on approaching the edge. Redi the very converse is nearer the truth. 'Had a giant less numerous than is usual on such occasions, and cut off the head of a tortoise, which survived eighteen lost an arm or a leg,' continue the authors just quoted, consisted of a young man, a middle-aged woman, and days. Colonel Pringle decapitated several libellulæ or were a sword or spear run through his body, he her two daughters-one grown, the other only about or dragonflies, one of which afterwards lived for four would feel no great inclination for running about, fifteen. Who is_ha!—it is not necessary to inquire. months, and another for six; and, which seems rather dancing, or eating. Yet a tipula will leave half its Alley Bawn Murray! Gentle reader, bow with heartodd, he could never keep alive those with their heads legs in the hands of an unlucky boy who has endea- felt respect to humble beauty and virtue! She is that on above a few days.

voured to catch it, and will fly here and there with as widow's daughter, the pride of the parish, and the beSome curious particulars connected with the great much agility and unconcern as if nothing had hap- loved of all who can appreciate goodness, affectie, tenacity of life in the lower animals, are mentioned pened to it; and an insect impaled upon a pin will and filial piety. The child accompanying thein is best by Mr Fothergill. A friend being employed one day often devour its prey with as much avidity as when sister, and that fine, manly, well-built, handsome in the pursuit of insects, caught a large yellow dragon- at liberty; Were a giant eviscerated, his body di- youth, is even now pledged to the modest and beauti. Ay (Libellula varia), and had actually fastened it down vided in the middle, or his head cut off, it would be ful girl. He is the son of a wealthy farmer, some tirze in his insect box, by thrusting a pin through the thorax, all over with him; he would move no more; he would dead, and her mother is comparatively poor; but in before he perceived that the voracious creature held a be dead to the calls of hunger, or the emotions of fear, purity, in truth, and an bumble sense of religion, theis small fly, which still struggled for liberty, in its jaws. anger, or love. Not so our insects: I have seen the hearts are each rich and each equal. The dragonfly continued devouring its victim with common cockchafer walk about with apparent indif. Their history is very brief and simple. Feis great deliberation, and without expressing either pain ference after some bird had nearly emptied its body of O'Donnell was the son of a farmer, as we have said, or constraint, and seemed totally unconscious of being itz viscera ; a humble bee will eat honey with greedi-sufficiently extensive and industrious to be wealtby, pinned down to the cork, till its prey was devoured, ness though deprived of its abdomen; and I myself without possessing any of the vulgar pride which ruce after which it made several desperate efforts to regain lately saw an ant, which had been brought out of the independence frequently engrafts upon the ignoraut its liberty. A common flesh-fly was then presented nest by its comrades, walk when deprived of its head. to it, when it immediately became quiet, and ate the The head of a wasp will attempt to bite after it is se

* Abridged from a tale in the Dublin University Magazine. z fly with greediness ; when its repast was over, it re- | parated from the rest of the body; and the abdomen, Peasantry."

October 1834, by the author of "Traits and Stories of the L

6

[ocr errors]

CHAMBERS'S EDINBURGH JOURNAL.

331

sey -"

and narrow-hearted. His family consisted of two sons | ledge his elder brother's natural right to exercise a are happy, you are happy, agra, brother ; but for me, and a daughter-Maura, the last-named, being the due degree of authority over him, felt that this was oh, for me, my hour of mercy is past an' gone. I can eldest, and Felix by several years the junior of his stretching it too far. Still he made no reply, nor in- never look to heaven more ! How can I live ?” he brother Hugh. Between the two brothers there was deed did Hugh allow him time to retort, had he been muttered furiously to himself ; "how can I live ? and in many things a marked contrast of character, whilst so disposed. They separated without more words, I darn't die. My brain's turnin'. I needn't pray to in others there might be said to exist a striking simi- each resolved to accomplish his avowed purpose. God to curse the hand that struck you dead, Felix larity. Hugh was a dark-browed, fiery man when The opposition of Hugh and Maura to his mar- dear, for I feel this minute that his curse is on me.” opposed, though in general quiet and inoffensive. His riage, only strengthened Felix's resolution to make Felix was borne in, but no arm would Hugh suffer passions blazed out with fury for a moment, and his beloved and misrepresented Alley Bawn the right to encircle him but his own. Poor Maura recovered, only for a moment; for no sooner had he been borne ful mistress of his hearth, as she already was of his and, although in a state of absolute distraction, yet by their vehemence into the commission of an error, affections. At length the happy Sunday morning ar- had she presence of mind to remember that they ought than he became quickly alive to the promptings of a rived, and never did a more glorious sun light up the to use every means in their power to restore the boy heart naturally affectionate and kind. In money trans- beautiful valley of Ballydhas, than that which shed to life, if it were possible. Water was got, with which actions he had the character of being a hard man; down its smiling radiance from heaven upon their his face was sprinkled; in a little time he breathed, yet were there many in the parish who could declare union. Felix's heart was full of that eager and trem- opened his eyes, looked mournfully about him, and that they found him liberal and considerate. The bling delight, which, where there is pure and disin- asked what had happened him. Never was pardon truth was, that he estimated money at more than its terested love, always marks our emotions upon that to the malefactor, nor the firm tread of land to the just value, without having absolutely given up his blessed epoch in human life. Maura, contrary to her shipwrecked mariner, so welcome as the dawn of reheart to its influence. When a young man, though wont, was unusually silent during the whole morning ; turning life in Felix was to his brother. The moment in good circumstances, he looked cautiously about but felix could perceive that she watched all his mo- he saw the poor youth's eyes fixed upon him, and him, less for the best or the handsomest wife than the tions with the eye of a lynx. When the hour of going heard his voice, he threw himself on his knees at the largest dower. In the speculation, so far as it was to chapel approached, he deemed it time to dress, and, bedside, clasped him in his arms, and, with an impetu. pecuniary, he succeeded ; but his domestic peace was for that purpose, went to a large oaken tallboy that ous tide of sensations, in which were blended joy, overshadowed by the gloom of his own character, and stood in the kitchen, in order to get out his clothes. grief, burning affection, and remorse, he kissed his not unfrequently disturbed by the violent temper of It was locked, however, and his sister told him at once lips, strained him to his bosom, and wept with such a wife who united herself to him with an indifferent that the key, which was in her possession, should not agony, that poor Felix was compelled to console him. heart.

pass into his hands that day. “No," she continued, “Oh! Felix, Felix !” exclaimed Hugh, “what was His brother Felix, in all that was amiable and af- ' nor the sorra ring you'll put on the same girl with it I did to you, or how could the enemy of man fectionate, strongly resembled him ; but there the remy consent.

tempt me to_to_to_Oh, Felix, agra, say you're not semblauce terminated. Felix was subject to none During the altercation which ensued, Hugh en- hurted—say only that you'll be as well as ever, an' I of his gloomy moods or violent outbursts of temper. tered. * What's all this ?” he inquired ; " what take God and every one present to witness, that, from He was manly, liberal, and cheerful-valued money racket's this?” “Oh, he wants the kay to deck him- this minute till the day of my death, a harsh word 'ill at its proper estimate, and frankly declared that in self up for marrying that pet of his." " Felix," said never crass my lips to you. Say you're not hurted, the choice of a wife he would never sacrifice his hap- his enraged brother, “I'm over you in place of your Felix dear. Don't you know, Felix, in spite of my piness to acquire it.

father, and I tell you that I'll put a stop to this day's dark tempter's puttin' me into a passion with you “ I have enough of my own," he would say ;“and work. Be my sowl, it's a horsewhip I ought to take sometimes

, that I always loved you ?” when I meet the woman that iny heart chooses, whe- to you, and lash all thoughts of marriage out of you ; “Yes, you did, Hugh,” replied Felix, "you did, ther she has fortune or not, that's the girl that I will if you marry this portionless, good-for-nothing hus- an' I still knew you did. I didn't often contradict bring to share it, if she can love me,”

Felix's eyes flashed. He manfully re- you, because I knew, too, that the passion would soon Felix and his sister both resided together ; for after pelled the right of his brother to interfere. It was in go off you, and that you'd be kind to me again." his father's death he succeeded to the inheritance that vain. After several unsuccessful remonstrances, and After úttering these words, the suffering Felix grahad been designed for him. Maura O'Donnell was even supplications very humbly expressed, a fierce dually recovered, but it was only at intervals that he in that state of life in which we feel it extremely dif- struggle ensued between the brothers, which was only was free from pain or clear in his faculties. His parficult to determine whether a female is hopeless or not terminated by the interference of the two servant-men, tial recovery, however, such as it was, gratified both upon the subject of marriage. Her humours had be- who, with some difficulty, forced the elder out of the Hugh and Maura, and each strove to assure him of gun to ferment; her temper became shrewish ; still she house, and brought him across the fields towards his their hearty concurrence in his marriage with his loved Felix, whose good humour constituted him an own home. Maura then gave up the key, and the dearly beloved Alley, and hastened to make preparaexcellent butt for her irascible sallies. He was her youthful bridegroom was soon dressed and prepared tions for entertaining the company which might be younger brother, too, of whom she was justly proud ; to meet his “man,” and a few friends whom he had expected to be present at the marriage-feast. and she knew that Felix, in spite of the pungency of invited, at the chapel. His mind, however, was dis- Gathering strength sufficient, as he thought, to supher frequent reproofs, loved her deeply, as was evi- turbed, and his heart sank at this ill-omened com- port him, the stricken Felix now rose to depart. When dent by the many instances of his considerate atten- mencement of his wedding-day.

ready to set out, he again put his hand to his head. tion in bringing her home presents of dress, and in Let us follow him on his way. He had not gone “ It comes on me here," said he, “ for about a minute contributing, as far as lay in his power, to her comfort. far when he saw his brother walking towards him or so_this confusion-I think I'll tie a handkerchief

The courtship of Alley Bawn and Felix had ar- through the fields, his arms folded, and his eyes almost about my head. It'll be an asey thing for me to make rived, on the fair-day of Ballaghmore, to a crisis which hidden by his heavy brows ; sullen ferocity was in his some excuse, or I can take it off at the chapel.” This required decision on the part of the wooer. They looks, and his voice, for he addressed him, was hollow was immediately acquiesced in ; but at Hugh's sug. went in, as we have shown the reader, to a public- with suppressed rage. “So,” said he, “ you will ruin gestion a car was prepared, a horse yoked in a few mi

Their conversation, which was only such as yourself! Go back home, Felix." “For God's sake, nutes, and Felix, accompanied and supported by his takes place in a thousand similar instances, we do not Hugh, let me alone, let me pass.” “You will go ?" brother and sister, set out for mass. On arriving at the mean to detail. It was tender and firm on the part said the other. “I will, Hugh.” “Then may bad “green,” he felt that his short journey had not been beof Felix, and affectionate between him and her. With luck go with you, if you do. I order you to stay at neficial to him; on the contrary, he was worse, and very that high pride, which is only another name for humi. home, I say. “ Mind your own business, Hugh, properly declined to go into the heated atmosphere of lity, she urged him to forget her, “if it was not plasin' and I'll mind mine," was the only reply given him. the chapel. A message, by his sister, soon brought to his friends. You know, Felix,” she continued, Felix walked on by making a small circuit out of the blushing, trembling, serious, yet happy-looking " that I am poor and you are rich, an' I wouldn't wish the direct path, for he was anxious not only to pro- girl to his side. Her neat white dress, put on with to be dragged into a family that couldn't respect me.” ceed quickly, as his time was limited, but, above all that natural taste which is generally accompanied by

Alley, dear,” replied Felix, “I know that both things, to avoid a collision with his brother. The a clear sense of moral propriety, and her plain cottage Hugh and Maura love me in their hearts; and al- characteristic fury of the latter shot out in a burst bonnet, bought for the occasion, showed that she came though they may make a show of anger in the be- that resembled momentary madness as much as rage. prepared, not beyond, but to the utmost reach of, her ginnin', yet they'll soon soften, and will love you as “ Is that my answer ?” he shouted, in the hoarse, humble means. And this she did more for Felix's they do me.”

quivering accents of passion, and, with the rapid sake than her own, for she resolved that her appear. Well, Felix,”, replied Alley, “ my mother and energy of the dark impulse which guided him, he ance should not, if possible, jar upon the feelings of you are present; if my mother says I ought snatched up a stone from a ditch, and flung it at his one who she knew in marrying her had sacriticed 'I do, darling,” said her mother ;'" that is, I can't brother, whose back was towards him. Felix fell for prospects of wealth and worldly happiness for her feel any particular objection to it. Yet somehow my ward in an instant, but betrayed, after his fall, no sake. At sight of her Felix siniled, but it was observed mind is troubled. I know that what he says is what symptoms of motion; the stillness of apparent death that his face, which had a moment before been pale, will happen ; but, for all that—och, Felix, aroon, was in every limb. Hugh, after the blow had been was instantly flushed, and his eye unusually bright. there's something over me about this same match-Í given, stood rooted to the earth, and looked as if the When he had kissed her, she replied to the friendly don't know I'm willin' an' I'ın not willin'.”

demon which possessed him had fed on the moment greetings of his brother and Maura, with a modest They rose to depart ; and as both families lived in the fearful act had been coinmitted. His now blood-comely dignity, well suited to her situation and cirthe beautiful village of Ballydhas, which we have al- less lips quivered, his frame became relaxed, and the cumstances. Then turning to the elected husband of ready described to the reader, of course their walk

wild tremor of horrible apprehension shook him from her heart, she said, home was such as lovers could wish. The arrange- limb to limb. Immediately a fearful cry was heard “Why, thin, Felix, but it's little credit you do me ments for their marriage were on that night con- far over the fields, and the words, “Oh! yeah, yeah, this happy morning, coming with your nightcap ong cluded, and the mother, after some feebly-expressed Felix, my brother, agra, can't you spake to me ?" as if you wern't well ;” but as she saw the smile fade misgivings, at which Felix and Alley laughed heartily, struck upon the heart of Maura and the servant-men, from his lips, and the colour from his cheek, her heart was induced to consent that on the third Sunday fol- with a feeling of disınay, deep and deadly.

sank, and pallid as death's dedicated bride,” with lowing they should be joined in wedlock. Had Felix “Oh !” she exclaimed, with clasped hands and up- her soft blue eyes bent upon his changing colour and been disposed to conceal his marriage from Hugh and

“Oh! my boy, my boy!--Felix, Felix, bandaged head, she exclaimed, “God be merciful to Maura, at least until the eve of its occurrence, the what has happened you ?""'Again'the agonised cry us! Felix, dear, you are ill-you are hurted ! Felix, publishing of their banns in the chapel would have, of the brother was heard loud and frantic. “Oh! Felix, darling, what ails you? What is wrong !" of course, disclosed it. When his sister heard that yeah, yeah, Felix, are you dead ?-brother, agra, can't “Don't be frightened, jewel,” he replied ; " don't, the arrangements were completed, she poured forth you spake tu me ”

darling—it wont signify—my foot slipped afther lavin’ a torrent of abuse against what she considered the With rapid steps they rushed to the spot; but ah! you last night on my way home, and my head came folly and simplicity of a mere boy, who allowed him- what a scene was there to blast their sight and sear against a stone—it's only a little sore outside. It 'll self to be caught in the snares of an artful girl, with the brain of his sister, and indeed of all who could be very well as soon as the priest puts your heart nothing but a handsome face to recommend her. Felix look upon it. The young bridegroom smote down and mine together-never to be parted—long, long received all this with good humour, and replied only when his foot was on the very threshold of happiness, an' airnestly have I wished an’ prayed for this happy in a strain of jocularity to every thing she said. and by the hand of a brother !

day. Isn't your mother here, jewel, an' my own Hugh, on the other hand, contented himself with Hugh, in the meantime, had turned up Felix from little Ellen ? a single observation. “Felix," said he, “I wont see the prone posture in which he lay, with a hope_a When the ceremony was concluded, those who atyou throw yourself away upon a girl that is no fit frenzied, a desperate hope of ascertaining whether or tended it of course returned to Felix's house to parmatch for you. If you can't take care of yourself, I not life was extinct. In this position the stricken boy take of the wedding dinner. He indeed seemed to will. Once for all, I tell you that this marriage must not take place."

was lying, his brother, like a maniac, standing over be gifted with new life ; his eyes sparkled, and the

him, when Maura and the servants arrived. One deep carmine of his cheek was dazzling to look upon. As he uttered the words, his dark brows were bent, glance, a shudder, then a long ghastly gaze at Hugh, Courtesy, and the usages prevalent on such occaand his eyes tlashed with a gleam of that ungovern- and she sank down beside the insensible victim of his sions, compelled him to drink more than his state of able passion for which he was so remarkable. Felix, fury. What,” said Hugh, wildly clenching his health was just then capable of bearing; he did not, at all times peaceful, and always willing to acknow. hands, "have I killed both? 'Oh, Felix, Felix ! you however, transgress the bounds of moderation, Stili

nouse.

turned eyes,

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

the noise of many tongues, the sounds of laughter, But no matter now you have my forgiveness and milies with whom this is an article of daily use, are and the din of mirth, joined to the consciousness that you desire it; for, Hugh, dear, it was as much and generally healthy.. Some mothers give treacle rather his happiness was now complete, affected him with more my own thoughtlessness and self-will that caused than butter to their children with bread. It is said the feverish contagion of the moment. He talked it. Hugh, dear, comfort and support Alley here, and to be less liable than sugar to become sour in the hurriedly and loud, and seemed to feel as if the ac- Maura, too, Hugh ; be kind to them both for poor stomach. Brewers and distillers are prevented from coniplishment of his cherished hopes was too much for Felix's sake.”. He sank back, exhausted, holding his using molasses in their works by a law, which, though his heart to bear.

brother's hand in his left, and his mute heart-broken only intended to secure to the agriculturist a monoIn the midst of all this jollity, a change which none bride's in his right. A calm, or rather torpor, fol- poly in supplying them, benefits the poor, so far as it observed came over him. His laugh became less fre- lowed, which lasted until his awakening spirit, in re prevents this article from rising to the high price that quent than his shudder or his sigh, and taking Alley turning consciousness of life and love, made a last would be occasioned by an enlarged demand. aside, he begged she would walk with him to the beach. effort to dissolve in a farewell embrace upon the pure “ The say-breeze,” said he, “and a sate upon the bosom of his wife. rocks—upon your own thyme-bank, where we've often Alley,” said he, “are you not my wife, and amn't LIVING IN LONDON AND EDINBURGH. sat happily, Alley, dear, will bring me to myself soon. I your husband ? Whose hands should be upon me I am tir'd, asthore machree, of all this noise and con- in what arms but yours should I die ? Alley, think A good deal has been said and written in recent times fusion. Come away, darling, we'll be happier with of your own Felix—oh, don't let me pass altogether respecting the saving of expenditure which English one another than with all these people about us.

.” His out of your memory; an’ if you'd wear a lock of my families may accomplish by taking up their residence young bride accompanied him, and, as they went, her hair (many a time you used to curl it over on my in particular parts of the Continent. That the price happy heart beating under that arm to whose support cheek, for you said it was the same shade as your of living is considerably lower in France, Germany, as she had now a right, her love the while, calm, and secure in its own deep purity, she saw before them, it, for my sake, next your heart ; and if ever you think well as the Channel Islands, and other places abroad, in bright perspective, many, many years of domestic of doin' a wrong thing, look at it, and you'll remember than in Great Britain, and especially England, there affection and peace.

that Felix, who's now in the dust, always desired you can be no dispute. But it is cheapness procured at a There they sat in the mellow sunset, until the soft to pray for the Almighty's grace, an' trust to himn for sacrifice, that of expatriation : Children acquire for twilight had gradually melted away the lengthened strength against evil. But where are you ? My eyes reign habits, and are brought up in corresponding shadows of the rocks about them. Their hands were locked in each other, their hearts burned within them, my breakin' heart, and sweet is your presence in it, ignorance of our national institutions : Society is either and a tenderness which can be felt only by souls avourneen machree; but how is it that I cannot see on a limited scale, or of a peculiar nature: In the riequally pure and innocent, touched their delighted you? Oh, my wife, my young wife, my spotless wife, gorous political supervision which prevails on the Conconverse into something that might be deemed beau- be with me-near me !”. He clasped her to his heart, tinent, not to speak of the unsettled state of public tiful and holy. Long before the hour of their return, Felix had felt much worse than during any preceding cease to beat ; but in a moment, after one slight shud- affairs, there is little to recommend a family to settle part of the day. The vivid and affectionate hopes of der, one closing pang, his grasp relaxed his head fell for a series of years abroad. Besides, although wines, future happiness expressed by Alley, added to his con- upon her bosom—and he, Felix, who that morning rents, and some other things, are low-priced on the cern, and increased his tenderness towards her, espe- stood up in the bloom of youth and manly beauty, Continent, there are a thousand little articles and accially when he contrasted his own physical sensations with the cup of happiness touching his very lips, was cessories of comfort, which are hardly to be obtained with the unsuspicious character of her opinion con- now a clod of the valley. Half unconscious-almost cerning his illness and the cause that produced it

. 'Tis unbelieving that all could be over, she gently laid him in any country in the world but Great Britain : Coal true he disguised all this as long as he could ; but at down. On looking into his face, her pale lips quivered; is generally very expensive, and in many places canlength, notwithstanding his firmness, he was forced to and as her mute wild gaze became fixed upon the body, not be procured at any price: Fire-grates are seldom, acknowledge that pain overcame him. With the burn- slowly the desolating truth forced itself upon her heart.

if ever, to be seen in the houses : The malt liquors ing chillof fever bubbling through his blood-shivering Quietly and calmly she arose, and but for the settled are execrable: The means of land conveyance are yet scorching—he complained of the shooting pain in wretchedness of her look, the stillness of her spirit his head, and a strange confusion of mind which the might have been mistaken for apathy. Without re- very imperfect : Communication in respect of goods poor girl, from some of his incoherent expressions, had sistance, without a tear, in the dry agony of burning or letters is tedious, dear, and uncertain. In short, attributed to his excess of affection. With words of grief, she gently gave herself up to the guidance of those who take up their residence on the Continent, comfort she soothed him; her arm now returned the those who wept, while they attempted to soothe her. for the sake of cheapness of living, have to put up support she had received from his ; she led him home At the inquest, which followed, there was no proof with a number of inconveniences and “disagreelanguid and half delirious, whilst she herself felt to criminate the wretched brother, nor were the jury ables," which previous calculation could not well have stunned as well by the violence as the unaccountable anxious to find any. nature of his illness. On reaching home, they found was more wild and frightful than death itself. From anticipated. that the noise of social enjoyment had risen to the “ the dark day” until this on which I write, he has Many persons proceed southward, also, with a view outrage of convivial extravagance; but the moment never been able to raise his heart or his countenance.

to enjoying a milder climate than Great Britain can he staggered in, supported only by the faithful arın of Home he never leaves, except when the pressure of possibly afford. In some instances, as in all pulmohis wife, a solemn and apprehensive spirit suddenly business compels him; and when he does, in every hushed their intemperance, and awed them into a instance he takes the most unfrequented paths and the nary complaints, wintering in Italy or the south of conviction that such an illness upon the marriage day loneliest bye-roads, in order to avoid the face and eye France is certainly advisable; but there are cases of must be as serious as it was uncommon.

Felix was of man. Better, indeed, to encounter flood or fire, dyspeptics and others of weak health, who would reput to bed in pain and danger ; but Alley smoothed than to suffer what he has borne, when the malicious ceive all the benefit they could expect in going southhis pillow, bound his head, and sat patient, and de- or coarse-minded have reproached him, in what, we

wards, simply by a change of air in their own country, voted, and wife-like, by his side. During all that trust, is his repentance, with his great affliction, woeful night of sorrow she watched the feverish start, Alley, contrary to the earnest solicitations of Hugh

or by taking up their residence in a place where they the wild glare of the half-opened eye, the momentarily and Maura, went back to reside with her mother. could at once enjoy at a cheap rate the comforts of a conscious glance, and the miserable gathering together Four years have now passed, and the maiden widow refined species of society—the amusements of a capital of the convulsed limbs, hoping that each pang would is constant to her grief. With a bunch of yarn on —and salubrity of atmosphere. diminish in agony, and that the morning might bring her arm, she may be occasionally seen in the next Looking about us, within the limits of the United ease and comfort.

market-town, the chastened sorrow of her look agree- | Kingdom, we do not know any place so well calcuWe feel utterly incapable of describing, during the ing well with her mournful weeds. In vain is she lated to meet the wishes of English families who de progress of this heavy night, the scorching and fiery pressed to mingle in the rustic amusements of her for sire to live comfortably on circumscribed means, as anguish of his brother Hugh, or the distracted and mer companions; she cannot do it, even to please wailing sorrow of poor Maura. The unexpected and her mother; the poor girl's heart is sorrow-struck for

Edinburgh, We do not say this from the least feel. delightful revulsion of feeling produced upon both, ever. She will never smile again.

ing of partiality, but from solid grounds of convieespecially on the former, by his temporary recovery, Reader, if you want a moral, look upon the wasted tion, and the experience of ourselves, and others whose now utterly incapacitated them from bearing his re- brow of Hugh O'Donnell, and learn to restrain your opinion is worthy of being depended on. We hold lapse with any thing like fortitude. The frantic re- passions and temper within proper limits.

that there are three leading points which ought to morse of the guilty man, and the stupid but pungent

enter into the views of the families we have been algrief of his sister, appeared but as the symptoms of

luding to. These are the non-deprivation of any of weak minds and strong passions, when contrasted with

TREACLE, OR MOLASSES. the deep but patient affliction of his innocent and un- Though this substance is so largely used as an article the essentials or accessories of comfort, both physical complaining wife. She wasted no words in sorrow ; of household economy, most of our readers know no

and moral, which have been hitherto enjoyed, accomfor, during this hopeless night, self, happiness, affec- thing more of its history than that it is made by the panied with the requisite of cheapness the proper tion, hope, were all forgotten in the absorbing efforts sugar-refiners. A few words will explain the history of education of children—and salubrity of climate and at his recovery. Never, indeed, did the miseries and its manufacture. Treacle is never made on its own ac- situation. And it admits of the clearest demonstracalamities of life draw from the fruitful source of a count, but is a necessary product of the refinement of tion that these are points which are fully attainable wife's attached and affectionate heart a nobler speci- sugar. When refined sugar is to be made, raw sugar, by a residence in Edinburgh. Many families and inmen of that pure and disinterested devotion which cha- after being boiled, is poured into conical vessels made dividuals are aware of the facts we mention, for many racterises woman, than was exhibited by the stricken- of burnt clay, technically termed moulds, which are hearted Alley Bawn.

placed with their pointed ends downmost. These take advantage of them; but we suspect that many With a vehemence of grief that was pitiable, Hugh moulds have an aperture at the point, which for the more, particularly those who have retired from busiuttered cries of despair, and, tearing himself from a present is closed. When the sugar has become solid, ness and live in the vicinity of London, are still in spot he dreaded to leave, he mounted a horse, which the stops are removed, and the moulds are placed on some measure ignorant on the subject, and would bare he spurred to the nearest town for a physician vessels, which receive the liquid portion of the sugar no objections to hear a few particulars regarding the to come and see his now apparently dying brother.

as it trickles down, leaving the crystallised portion inducements held out by the Scottish metropolis as a The doctor, a man of great skill and humanity, in- in the mould. The substance thus obtained is called place of residence. stantly attended the summons.

But the visit was syrup, and is boiled, put into moulds just as the raw unavailing. The patient grew worse every minute . sugar was at first, and then produces another syrup, every place north of their

own country is cold and

It is a prejudice in the minds of most persons that Never before had the physician witnessed such a scene which, being also boiled, in its turn produces the moof family distress. “Oh, Felix, Felix, Felix, darling,” | lasses or treacle, which is just a syrup from which no

cheerless. The people of London consider York as cried Hugh, in the agony of his repentance, “spake crystallisable sugar can be obtained. Treacle is also very far north ; those at York, as the poet has ro to me, spake harshly, cruelly, blackly-oh, say you procured by boiling foreign molasses that is, the marked, place the north at the Tweed; but when you wont forgive me—but no, that I couldn't hear-for- syrup which drops from the raw sugar during its ma- come to the Tweed, you find the north is pushed ongive me in your heart, and before God, but don't spake nufacture in the colonies. Treacle, though dark in ward to Aberdeen, where it is pushed onward to Inwid affection to me, for then I'll not be able to bear colour, is perfectly pure. “ Hugh,” said Felix, from whose eyes the keenness of agreeableness to the palate, is known to be whole; their north-the place which they pity as cold and Treacle, besides its more obvious recommendation verness

, where it is driven as far as the islands of

Orkney and Shetland. Where the Shetlanders place of his brother's repentance wrung tears, despite his burning agony ;

Hugh, dear”_and he looked piti- for medicinal purposes. It is recommended for chil- cheerless—we have never heard, though it is reason. fully in the convulsed face of the unhappy man- dren by the faculty. Mrs Child characterises treacle able to suppose that they have such a place in their “ Hugh, dear, it was only an accident, for if you had “the aliment of all others useful in regulating the eye as well as their brethren in the south. Such

thought that it would turn out—as it has done- bowels.” It has accordingly been remarked, that fa- being the ordinary state of feeling respecting places

it."

[ocr errors]

as

« НазадПродовжити »