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CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM CHAMBERS, AUTHOR OF “ THE BOOK OF SCOTLAND,” &c., AND BY ROBERT CHAMBERS,

AUTHOR OF “TRADITIONS OF EDINBURGH,” “ PICTURE OF SCOTLAND,” &c.

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SIGNIFICATIONS.

with masters, he is the best servant who is most easily “ On a similar appointment from a Welsh squire, THERE is a considerable number of words, which, kept in order. There is hardly any acknowledgment I was at his door at eight, having been told he was though they may have one distinct dictionary signifi- among mankind of an abstract standard of morals. an early man ; but judge my surprise, when his ser. cation, are employed in many various and even oppo- Whatever society in its larger or smaller departments vant informed me his master went out in the morn. site senses, in accordance with the habits of feeling chances to hold of most account, as tending to its con- ing. On inquiry, I found morning in that house did and thinking of those who use them. Virtue was, venience or squaring with its prejudices, he is the best not reach later than seven o'clock.” among the ancient Romans, bravery ; among the man who most carefully respects it in his mode of life, An honest country girl of the last century would modern, it is a taste for pictures ; in Johnson's great and the worst who disregards or violates it. It is pos- have shrunk from the proposed introduction of register of the English language, it is moral efficacy. sible to get the repute of being a bad member of so- nice man,” supposing him to be some fastidious fop, These meanings appear very contradictory; but the ciety without infringing a single rule of the decalogue, unworthy of her attention. She would now gladly mystery is explained when we reflect, that, among and to infringe not a few of the said rules without be accede to the proposal, in the hope of meeting a perthe ancient Romans, bravery, among the modern Ro- coming in the least degree less acceptable in the circles

son in every respect agreeable. mans, a taste for pictures, and, among the British frequented by the particular parties. Honesty, often people, moral efficacy, was and is respectively esti- accompanied by very mean and obscure sentiments of mated as the most useful and ennobling of qualities. abstract morality, is the guiding card of the well-dis- POPULAR INFORMATION ON SCIENCE. The general aiin of the word has at all times been the posed among the industrious orders : honour, often

TRANSMUTATION OF SPECIES. same : only the specific objects at which it has been unattended by what is called honesty, is the favourite This subject is one of the most interesting of those directed are different. The phrase “a good man,” and totally different code of persons of a superior into which geology ramihes, and upon which the reunless used very emphatically, and with some illus- grade. There may even be a city morality and a searches made in pursuit of the objects of that science trative aid from the context of the conversation, is country morality; a large town morality and a small are calculated to throw considerable light. The term scarcely ever understood to imply goodness : com- town morality; a sea-port morality and an inland town species, Lamarck observes, has been generally applied mercial people accept it as an assurance that the in- morality; a county morality, a parish morality, and a to “every collection of similar individuals like themdividual to whom it is applied can pay twenty shillings hamlet morality. That is to say, a particular course selves.” According to Linnæus and other distin. in the pound. If, instead of man, the word fellow be of conduct may be required to gain the praise of being guished naturalists, a more ample definition of the used, men of pleasure understand the phrase to mean right and good in each of those particular districts. word is necessary; and one of the most important that the individual is careless, happy, and dissolute. An author of the last century relates, that, being once truths implied in it is, that each species of plant or of In the same way, “to live well” means, among pious on a visit at a large town in the north of England, he animal has some characteristic or characteristics which people, to live in the practice of frequent devotion ; went in company with a friend to the public bowling- distinguish it or them from all others, which remain among people of the world, to eat and drink all the green, where he observed a very respectable looking the same under every vicissitude and change of circumgood things possible. “Honest-like" in Scotland im- man who was shunned by every body. “By acci- stances, never having varied since the species was called plies a certain degree of personal bulk ; “wise-like,” dent,” says our author, “entering into conversation into existence. This view of entire distinctness, exista certain elegance and substantiality of attire ; while with this gentleman, I found him polite, agreeable, ing amongst different species, has been warmly comhonest and wise, in that country, have the same sig- and well informed. In my way home, I could not bated by some very eminent philosophers, who have nifications as in others.

help taking notice of what I had observed, and in- not only broadly denied it, but boldly asserted that Good is often used in a depreciatory sense. “My quired of my friend the cause of this gentleman being all the varieties of plants and animals which abound good sir, you are quite wrong,” is what we are apt to thus evidently disregarded. 'Cause enough,' an- in nature originally sprang from one individual specisay when our friend utters any thing that we think swered he ; that fellow is the greatest scoundrel men of organised life; in short, that man himself, Soreflects little credit on his understanding. The good upon earth. What has he done ? said I. Does crates, Shakspeare, and Newton, were merely zoowoman did this, and the good man said that, are used he cheat ? Is he a bad husband or father ?' 'We phytes in a state of high improvement and cultivation ! when we describe any saying or doing which has be- don't trouble ourselves about his domestic affairs,' We shall endeavour to place this very interesting subtrayed ignorance of the ways of the world. This is peevishly answered my friend ; 'but, to do the fellow ject in as clear a point of view as the limits of a short akin to the epithet applied by the French courtiers of justice, I believe he is a good husband and father.' paper will admit. the fifteenth century to individuals of the peasantry'What, then ? has he committed murder, or been

The term transmutation implies the change of one -Jacques Bonhomme, James Good-man. When these guilty of treason ?' 'No,added my friend ; 'we species into another species entirely different. The same Jacques Bonhommes rose upon their superiors have nothing to do with his quarrels, and don't trou- chief advocate of this doctrine is Lamarck, a celeand commenced the bloody servile wars which made ble our heads with his party; we have nothing to say brated French naturalist, of whose views we shall that period so memorable, this epithet of contemptu- against him on those subjects.' What, then, in the give a brief outline. The principle laid down is, that ous pity for their ignorance and gentleness was still name of Fortune, can it be? Is he a blackleg or an as the individuals of a species change their situation, continued—the wars themselves being styled the wars usurer ?' 'No, no,' replied my friend ; 'no such climate, mode of life, and other circumstances, they of the Jacquerie. The anomaly of a so-called good thing ; but, if you will have it, know, then, that good- also gradually change the form of their parts, and man acting as the murderer of his master must have looking plausible villain, in his own farm-yard, shot even lose some of their faculties or organs altogether, then been found in every cottage throughout a large a fox big with young ! Recollecting that my friend receiving others in their stead, so as to constitute a part of France.

and most of the gentlemen on the green were staunch different species. That very extraordinary alterations Upon the whole, judging the matter in a merely fox-hunters, my wonder ceased.”

in a plant are by this means effected, no one can deny. worldly point of view, the epithet good is not very de

The same author afterwards remarks—“ An honest For instance, the original of the apple is to be found sirable. It may have a favourable sense, and as- fellow, no longer ago than last week, cheated me con

in the crab, of the plum in the sloe, of the red cabsuredly it is the duty of all to act in such a manner foundedly in a horse. On remonstrating with my bage and the cauliflower in a bitter saltish-tasted plant as to deserve its most rational and serious application. cousin Justice Tankard, who had recommended the which grew like wild charlock by the sea-side. GarBut, in the business of the world, there is a necessity man to me, I learnt that with him an honest fellow den flowers

, such as those called doubles, are very un. for the exercise of so many smart and vigorous quali- meant only one who would not baulk his glass, and like any which are to be found growing wild ; and ties, incompatible with, or at least apart from, the soft could swallow six bottles of port at a sitting.”

all these, and many others which might be mentioned, and easy nature of goodness, such as the power of

“ Nor”_he thus proceeds—"are the times of the

are easily propagated by seed. The following experirepelling injury and insult, prosecuting legitimate in- day indicated by terms of more positive signification; ment has been recorded by Mr Herbert :—“I raised,” terests, and meeting and overcoming difficulties, that but morning, noon, and evening, mean very differently says he, “ from the natural seed of one umbel of a the epithet is apt to imply such a character as men of from different persons, and in different places. I re- highly manured red cowslip, a primrose, a cow slip, the world hold in little respect.

member formerly, having received an appointment to oxlips of the usual and other colours, a black polyanThe truth is, goodness depends very much on cir- wait on a noble lord the next morning ; for want of a

thus, a hose-in-hose cowslip, and a natural primrose, cumstances of time and place. In a time of siege he ments, I went at ten o'clock ; but after knocking half bearing its flower on a polyanthus stalk, From the is the best man who can live on a handful of flour in the day, and is able to keep longest watch upon the morning would not commence in that house till some

an hour, was convinced by a slipshod footman that seed of that very hose-in-hose cowslip, I have since

raised a hose-in-hose primrose.” If we turn from walls. Among tradesmen, the first of the cardinal hours after the sun had passed his meridian. the vegetable to the animal kingdom, the same reirtues is a babit of readily discharging accounts. With

markable phenomena become apparent. Domestic vervants, he is the best master who gives least trouble ;

• Grose's Olio, p. 13.

fowls and pigeons are very unlike any birds in a wild

state,

A STORY FOR DANGLERS.

ances.

stances.

The ducks and geese propagated in a barn- for living in such a situation, and that any changes that species have a real existence in nature, and that yard are unable to elevate themselves into the higher effected in this exhibit themselves in a few genera- each was endowed, at the time of its creation, with the regions of the atmosphere, and fly to immense dis- tions. Professor Lyell observes, “ Certain qualities attributes and organisation by which it is now distin. tances like those wild and winged voyagers from which appear to be bestowed exclusively with a view to the guished.”—Such a summary of the argument respectthey were originally derived. Where can we find in relations which are destined to exist between different ing the complete distinctness of species is so satisfactory a wild state the numerous races of dogs which now species, and, among others, between certain species as to require us to say nothing in addition, live and propagate their likenesses in a state of do- and man; but these latter are always so nearly conmesticity? Where shall we meet with in nature the nected with the original habits and propensities of mastiffs, harriers, spaniels, greyhounds, and various each species in a wild state, that they imply no defi

THE FICKLE LOVER, other races, between which there exists such a dif- nite capacity of varying from the original type. The ference that they might readily be regarded as speci- acquired habits derived from human tuition are rarely MR COLLINS was a gentleman retired from the cam. fic between wild animals ? From examples like these, transmitted to the offspring; and when this happens, mercial world. He had amassed a considerable for. Lamarck comes to the conclusion, that change of lo- it is almost universally the case with those merely tune, and resided in a handsome villa near Belfast. He cal circumstances in which organised beings exist, which have some obvious connection with the attri. was a widower, with a son and two daughters. His causes alteration of form, and that this principle, butes of the species when in a state of indepen eldest daughter was married to a gentleman in the proceeding gradually through a long series of genera- dence."

county of Galway, with considerable extent of protions of the plant or animal, at length causes complete There is another class of phenomena, namely, the perty stretching along the sea-coast. His younger transmutation. He argues, that a change in cli- production of hybrids or mules, which bears directly daughter was at home ; and his son was preparing to mate, soil, and so on, creates new wants, and that upon the question of the permanent distinctness of go to Edinburgh for his last winter there, to finish his these wants, which must be supplied, create new ac- species. It may be laid down as a general rule, studies, and to take his degree as doctor of medicine. tions and habits ; and these again, by calling into admitting of very few exceptions, that, among qua- Previously to leaving Ireland, he received two letactivity certain parts which were formerly but slightly drupeds, the hybrid progeny is sterile ; and there ters of introduction to families in Edinburgh, from exercised, gave rise to an increased developement. seems to be no well-authenticated examples of the friends in Dublin. During the former seasons of his Other organs, no longer necessary, became diminutive continuance of the mule race beyond one generation. residence in Scotland, he had had the misfortune to be in size from want of exercise, nay, says he, in some At all events, it seems to be undoubted that all cross cast among a vain, frivolous class of society, acquaint. instances were annihilated, whilst others more useful breeds, even where there is a perpetuation of the ani. ances picked up by chance, from which he derived no sprang up in their place for the purpose of discharg- mals, gradually degenerate, and become extinct in pleasure, and less profit, and of which the recollection ing new functions. But before proceeding farther, it course of time. Now, this is entirely at variance with afforded' him no pleasing associations. is necessary to state, that the production of an entirely the theory of Lamarck, which rests solely upon the He came to town a few days before the classes new organ as a substitute for one displaced, or in or- principle of a tendency to perfection, in animals as well opened, that he might have time to arrange comfortder to fit the animal for peculiar circumstances, is a as in plants. It may be mentioned that the mule off-ably about lodgings, and call upon his new acquaintgratuitous assumption of the author, no proof being spring is rarely intermediate in character between the He first directed his steps, and without any adduced in support of such a hypothesis.

two parents. The celebrated Dr Hunter says, that, particular reason for the preference, to Mrs Bosville's, From what has been stated, it must be evident in his experiments, one of the hybrid pups resembled a widow lady, who resided in a house within a garden that the reasoning of Lamarck leads to the con- the wolf much more than the rest of the litter; and on the Bonnington road. clusion that habits or faculties do not arise from another experimenter informs us, that, from a white Mrs Bosville was one of the most agreeable lady. peculiar formation of parts, but that organisation re- panther and a she-wolf, two of the cubs obtained re- like women Francis Collins had ever seen, and her sults from habitudes and the necessities of circum- sembled the common wolf-dog, but the third had daughter was not less so. They were the widow and

For instance, water animals, such as frogs, hanging ears like those of a pointer. An author daughter of a West Indian proprietor. swans, beavers, and the like, were not originally pro- very sagaciously observes, that, if hybrid races were During the time that Mr Collins remained in their vided with web-feet; but being compelled to traverse susceptible of being propagated from mixed species, company, he thought he discovered in Mary Bosville the water in search of prey, by continually pushing the animal kingdom would soon present a scene of all that constitutes a perfect being. Her dress, her their feet backwards in fluid element for the purpose of the greatest confusion; its tribes would be every manners, her face, shaded with her dark hair, her fi. impelling themselves forwards, the skin which united where confounded, and we should perhaps find nuore gure, chiefly her bust, which was equal to what their toes acquired a habit of extension ; and this went hybrid creatures than genuine and uncorrupted races. sculptor ever modelled, were faultless; and her intel. on to increase, until the broad membrane with which The force of this argument appears to us irresistible. ligence was to him as surprising as her wit and vivatheir extremities are now connected was formed. If It knocks the pedestal from beneath the imposing city were fascinating. In a word, she was different we turn to quadrupeds, we find that the antelope and superstructure of Lamarck, and hurls it to the dust. from any woman he had ever seen before, and more the gazelle possess a remarkable elegance and slight- It is in the vegetable kingdom, however, say the perfect than any which, even with bis glowing imaginess of form. Now, according to Lamarck, this pe- transmutationists, that we are to look for the most de- nation, he had ever hoped to see. culiar construction of body did not originally belong cisive evidence in support of their theory. That in plants He could have remained the whole day, and he did to them; but being of a shy and timid nature, and un- it is possible to obtain from hybrid stock a new species remain longer than a reasonable time for a first visit. provided with any adequate means of defence, and which will remain permanent for many generations, When he was taking his departure, Mrs Bosville inhaving been exposed to the dangers of being devoured is unquestionable. A philosopher called Kolreuter vited him to a party in the ensuing week. He accepted by tigers and other beasts of prey, their only safety obtained from two species of tobacco a hybrid, which the invitation, but wished only that it had been the lay in flight. Being thus compelled to run with great ripened and produced by its seed through several gene- following day instead—for a week seemed to him a celerity, the peculiar slenderness of their legs was the rations a third species. Another experimenter called limitless period of time. result." In like manner, the camel-leopard, whose Wiegmann succeeded in changing the colour and In the interval of this tedious period, he bethought home is the interior of Africa, a place almost devoid shape of the leaves and flowers, and even the scent of himself of delivering his other letter of introduction, of herbage, was compelled by the nature of its situa- some plants. But as in the animal kingdom, the suc- which was for a gentleman in Moray Place. Mr tion to subsist on the foliage of trees, and by continu- cess attending the production and perpetuity of hybrids Stewart was a person who held a high official situaally stretching itself to reach the boughs, until its amongst plants generally depends on the degree of tion in town. He had a wife and family, and they fore-legs became longer than the hinder ones, and its proximity between the species intermarried.

were in the midst of the wealth, and fashion, and li' neck so elongated, that through successive genera- It seems clear, that although a new species, capable terati of the place. He called on Mr Stewart, who tions it was at last enabled to elevate its head twenty of perpetuating itself, may sometimes oecur, yet there was a very kind, hospitable, gentlemanly man; but feet above the level of the ground.

are no data, as yet, to warrant the conclusion that a he was hurried with business ; his wife and family That many striking varieties of species exist, is un single permanent hybrid race has ever yet been formed, were out; and without having time almost to speak doubtedly true; but that every variety of animal life even in gardens, by the intermarriage of two allied to Mr Collins, he asked him, in a way that precluded has proceeded from one parent stock, is not difficult species, brought from distant habitations; and until a refusal, to come back at six to dinner, as he was to to disprove. The point to be ascertained is, Have some fact of this kind is fairly established, and a dis- have a few friends. At six o'clock Mr Collins was species a real existence in nature, and is each endowed tinct species, which may perpetuate itself without the standing in Mr Stewart's drawing-room amidst a with attributes and an organisation which distinguishes aid of man, can be shown to exist, it seems reasonable group of gentlemen, talking about the news of the it from every other, and which it has retained from

to doubt entirely this hypothetical source of new spe- day till dinner was served up. Mr Stewart's two the time of its creation? As an instance of the ex- cies. That varieties do sometimes arise from cross

eldest daughters, with their husbands, composed part tent to which individuals belonging to one species breeds, in a natural way, no one will deny, but it seems

of the company; and although these were fine women, may vary, that of the dog may be adduced. The probable that they become extinct even sooner than yet they were not to be compared with their younger modifications produced in the different races of these races propagated by grafts or layers. Professor Lyell unmarried sister Louisa ; and Mr Collins could not animals by the influence of man, is truly remarkable. sums up the arguments for the reality of species in the help wondering how such a fascinating creature as These animals are known in every country, and, as a following manner :

she seemed to be, had not been preferred to either of modern naturalist observes, they have been made the

“Ist, That there is a capacity in all species to ac

them; but she was very young, and probably, when companion, the servant, the guardian, and the inti- commodate

themselves, to a certain extent, to a change they were married, she was still within the precinets mate friend of man; and the power of a superior of external circumstances, this extent varying greatly, of the schoolroom. But she was now the centre of genius has had a wonderful influence, not only on according to the species.

attraction, and she dispensed her smiles, and shone their forms, but on their manners and intelligence.

radiant amidst her graces, like a divinity. She was

2dly, When the change of situation which they can Amongst the changes effected by circumstances may

all that a poet could fancy, or an artist form, of an be mentioned the difference in the quantity and colour endure is great, it is usually attended by some modi

ideal portrait of female loveliness, which he finds, after of their clothing, their size, the length of their muzzles, fications of the form,

colour, size, structure, or other all his efforts, he never can transfer to canvass. She and the convexity of their foreheads. But in all these particulars ; but the mutations thus superinduced are

had all that was classically correct and beantiful in varieties of the dog, Cuvier observes, the relation of governed by constant laws, and the capability of so

her face and form, and more than mortal attractivethe bones with each other remains essentially the same; varying, forms part of the permanent specific cha

ness in her manner, She played and sang selections the form of the teeth never changes in any perceptible

from Rossini, Weber, and Auber, and the most ad. degree, except that in some individuals there

3dly, Some acquired peculiarities of form, struc- mired composers, in the most splendid style. Collins

appears occasionally an additional grinder. In order to link ture, and instinct, are transmissible to the offspring ;

was passionately fond of music, and such music from all the members of the animal kingdom together, La- but these consist of such qualities and attributes only a very ordinary mortal would have done havoc, and marck conjectures that the wolf may have been the

as are intimately related to the natural wants and robbed him of rest at any time; and after she had original of the dog; but, unfortunately, they differ propensities of the species.

done justice to some of the first Italian and German not only in their habits and instincts, but in their or

Athly, The entire variation from the original type, masters, she rose from the piano, and leant over her ganisation, particularly, as Dr Prichard observes, in which any given kind of change can produce, may harp, and struck a few notes of an Irish melody, the structure of a part of the intestinal canal. Now, usually be effected in a brief period of time, after which thrilled through his very soul. Before coming such a thing never occurs in members of one species. which no further deviation can be obtained by con

away, Mr Stewart gave him a general invitation to As a further proof of dogs not having sprung from tinuing to alter the circumstances, though ever so the house, and said to his wife,I must transfer my wolves, it has been ascertained, that, when they have gradually; indefinite divergence, either in the way of young friend to you to show him attention, for I hare reverted to their original character, they never were

improvement or deterioration, being prevented, and so much business on hand that I really am not my found to degenerate into wolves ; on the contrary, the least possible excess beyond the defined limits

own master at present.

Mrs Stewart immediately many travellers assert that they very nearly resem. being fatal to the existence of the individual.

arranged with him to call next day at one, to accombled 'the shepherd's dog, and this variety of the dog 5thly, The intermixture of distinct species is guard-pany them to an exhibition of paintings. is, we believe, supposed to be the original one. With ed against by the natural aversion of the individuals

The following day was Saturday. Louisa Stewart regard to the extraordinary changes effected upon composing them, or by the sterility of the mule off- was not less beautiful than on the preceding evening, some animals by man, it is sufficient that those which spring.

and even more fascinating. They went to the exhihave become domesticated had an original aptitude 6thly, From the above considerations it appears | bition and some other sights; and when Mr Collins

racter.

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was taking leave of the ladies, after seeing them for him, and the illusion was aided by all the glare of and as evening advanced, she became almost sorrow. home, Mr Stewart looked in at the room-door, and life with which she was surrounded-all the accom- ful; but it seemed in Frank's eyes to add a new grace called out, “You must not go away, Mr Collins. I paniments of wealth, rank, and beauty-together with to her charms, and it accorded well with his own hardly saw you yesterday. We are not to have a the most flattering kindness and partiality shown to mournful mood. He lingered till a late hour; and soul with us to-day, which I am very glad of; so you himself by her and her friends, which he could not when he rose to bid them farewell, she burst into tears. must stay and let us get acquainted."

withstand. But from these dazzling attractions he Had Mr Collins had an opportunity at that moment Mr Collins was now fixed. He and Louisa were turned his thoughts to her unaccompanied by any of vowing eternal love, he would have done it ; but left together for almost two hours, and she was so external ornament to the calm, steady, serenely beau- that was impossible. sensible and well informed, as well as captivating, tiful Mary Bosville, with her neck of Parian marble, Next day, after arranging with respect to his jour. that the time flew like hours in Eden. Mr Collins who, after all, had more of a woman's perfections than ney and voyage to Ireland, he called to take leave of had her music and singing all to himself that night; the other; and he rose and paced his chamber, and the Bosvilles. He sat with the two ladies for nearly and after she had touched his every heart-string with he accused himself for his folly in allowing his heart an hour, and took some refreshment, or rather sat his own native airs, he went home in a state of mind to be so bewildered. He only wished that he could and looked at it, for he tasted nothing of what was approaching to delirium. Nor was he to be long ab- see the two together, and then he thought he would set before him. Mrs Bosville, when he rose to desent from her company. Mrs Stewart, in order to be better able to give a preference ; but that was im- part, shed tears, and gave him her blessing. Mary fulfil all her husband's kind wishes in showing atten- | possible.

was as calm and composed as ever she was in her life, tion to the young stranger, made him a friendly and One Saturday, Frank, as usual, wandered down and she did not even look dull. She and her mother considerate offer of a place in their pew at St John's, to Mary. She seemed thoughtful that day, and had walked with him through the garden to the gate; and as they could easily accommodate him ; and it was

not much to say.

Frank observed it to her. The as he bade them farewell, the old lady saluted him, difficult for a stranger to find a seat.

piano was open, and often as he had been in her and a second time wished him every blessing. And His classes now commenced, which was a happy company, he never had heard her play. The fact is, then he clasped the beautiful, the blushing, unresistthing for him ; but on the Monday evening there was that it is only when the accomplishments are more ing daughter to his bosom, and impressed upon her a note from Mrs Stewart, informing him that an emi- charming than the individual, that one seeks to have face and neck his glowing kisses—then sprang into nent literary character had come to town, and was recourse to them. So, in Miss Bosville's company, the hackney-coach which was waiting for him outside to be one of a party at their house the following day, music, or singing, or any thing else, would have been the gate. and giving him an invitation. Mr Collins went. but an ungrateful interruption to her conversation, or He had a prosperous voyage, and arrived once more The literary man was there, and was brilliant beyond even to the pleasure of studying a countenance not in safety within his paternal walls. He soon after every thing; and while some of the company were less expressive in her moods of silence.

commenced as a practitioner in Belfast; and as people listening to his sayings, even when he talked about a Now, Miss Bosville,” said Mr Collins, “ I see are always happiest when they have something to do, straw or the snuff of a candle, as if nothing so won- this is not one of your poetical days; you have been life passed away to him in tolerable quiet, as he bederful had ever been uttered before, or rather in sur-studying the newspapers. Will you give me some came interested in his profession. prise that a genius like him could talk upon the music to cheer me as well as yourself ?»

Two years elapsed, and all intercourse with his ordinary concerns of life, Frank had his attention ri. “Neither is it a musical day with me,” said Mary; Edinburgh friends seemed to be at an end. On his vetted elsewhere. The beautiful, the artless Louisa, but at the same time she sat down to the instrument, arrival at home, he had written to Mr Stewart to shone like a celestial being among them, and he on that and played a very beautiful Polonoise, with which is thank him for all his hospitality and kindness, and occasion was her only worshipper.

connected an affecting and romantic story. But she this was answered by a hurried scrawl of a dozen or A drizzling rain fell, accompanied by an easterly played it with little heart, and with little satisfaction two of words from Mr Stewart, all kindness and good wind, when he went home, and the change from the to herself, and evidently with less to Francis. She wishes, concluding with his wife and daughter's love heated rooms to the open air had its effect upon him, rose from the piano, and gave him a smile, more in- to him. He wrote also on his arrival to Miss Boss and next morning he was confined with a severe cold. spiring than music, and she said to him, “ I told you ville, thanking her and her mother for all their kindIt was the day of Mrs Bosville's party. He could not I was not musical to-day. My mind is wandering on ness, which he would never forget. But it was a go, and he sat up in bed and wrote an apology. something else than music, and I find I cannot fly letter that required no answer, and he received none; He got better in the course of the week, and he two ways at once.”

and he was unreasonable enough to feel chagrined and could not do less, when Saturday came, than call on “ Then tell me where your mind is wandering,” disappointed that she did not answer it. Mrs Bosville, and express his regret in person for said Francis, "and perhaps I may be able to assist Francis Collins applied himself more assiduously to being absent from her party. Mrs Bosville was out, you in your flight. I wish, Mary, that I could fee business than there was any need for ; but it was to but her daughter was at home. She was seated on a away and be at rest, for I have little rest here.” And drive away care, and to leave himself no time to couch with a volume of the Divina Commedia of Dante he sighed as he spoke, and a cloud passed over her think. His health, however, was evidently suffer. in her hand. Collins sat down by her, and she laid fair brow, and her beautiful bosom heaved a deep ing, and his friends and medical advisers entreated aside her book. sigh.

him to relax a little, and take some change of air. “You are fond of the poets,” said Collins.

“I have been so busy this week,” said she, “and They recommended a sea-voyage, and advised him to “ Very fond," said Mary. But it is dangerous so anxious to finish a task I imposed upon myself, that go to France, or London, or any where that he had to be too fond of them, or to imitate them. There I have been little out of doors, and I think it affects a mind. But Collins cared little about the preservais nothing so inimical to happiness as to allow the the spirits when one is confined to the house.” So tion of his health, and still less did he care for Lonimagination to gain the ascendancy; and whenever I in this manner Mary tried to give a good reason for don or France ; and if he must go somewhere, he begin to form to myself an ideal world to live in, I her dulness and her sighing ; she removed a news might as well go to Edinburgh, where all his happi. throw them all aside, and restrict myself to my needle paper which covered some drawing materials upon a ness and misery were centred. In the beginning of and the newspapers, and in the latter I sum up all table, and she showed Francis a finely executed mi- October, he once more arrived in Prince's Street, by the murders and accidents, deaths and bankruptcies, niature, on ivory, which she had just finished, of her the Glasgow coach. political dissensions, and hurricanes in the West, and mother.

The following day was pretty far advanced when slave insurrections, and I think to myself, here is no “I wish such an artist would draw my unworthy Dr Collins took a turn out in the fresh air. He had poetry but the realities we are doomed to experience, visage,” said Collins, as he gazed on the beautiful not proceeded far along the street when he met Mr till I find myself becoming flat with these common- creature that was sitting beside him; “it would be a Stewart, so kind, so happy, and so hearty, that he places and matter-of-fact proceedings, and then I take gratification beyond every other, to think that any one saw in a moment that all was prospering in his quaranother dip in imagery, till I get elevated again.” would bestow so long her thoughts upon me. Oh, Miss An invitation, which, like all Mr Stewart's in

“And I suppose you are wishing to climb some Bosville, I envy your mother, and I grudge her every vitations, precluded choice or refusal, was the result. of these aërial heights just now,” said Mr Collins. thought you ever bestowed upon her! Will you take He assured him there was to be no company; and by Yes,” ,” said Mary; “I have been rather dull for my likeness ?”

six o'clock Frank was in the presence, and enjoying some days, and I must get up my spirits again."

When will you come to sit for it?” said Mary, the smiles, of Louisa Stewart, more beautiful, more Men have an unfathomable depth of vanity about brightening up and smiling, while she drew out a bewitching than ever. them. How Mary Bosville should have been dull | little drawer in the work-table, and took out another - When he arrived, he was shown up to the drawingfor some days, was past Mr Collins's comprehension, miniature, almost finished, and presented it to him. room, where Louisa was alone, and he enjoyed her and he half allowed himself to fancy that she had felt It was one of himself. Mary started up, as if afraid charming society for a happy hour, when a stranger some disappointment at not seeing him.

that she had gone too far, and hurried out of the was announced. A tall and remarkably handsome Mr Collins sat with Mary till her mother came in, room.

man came in. Frank was by no means pleased on seeand a more calm, delightful, satisfactory hour he never Mr Collins put down the picture, and rose and ing the easy manner with which the unknown conspent in female society; and he made up his mind, as paced about, and looked out at the window. What in ducted himself. It was, however, some gratification he went home, to cultivate her acquaintance as much the wide world was he to do? He felt himself en- to observe that Louisa lost some of her sprightliness as he could, and to be upon his guard against allow tangled in a labyrinth he could never get out of. He when he came in, as if caused by disappointment at ing his affections to be centred in Louisa Stewart. He wondered to himself which was the more worthy the affections of two estimable persons, and he was

was acting an unworthy part—he was tampering with the intrusion ; and he thought she seemed as if she

felt a weariness of his presence. Collins determined of his attachment; for when he coolly considered of working no happiness, but misery to himself. Miss to sit him out; but the stranger seemed to have made it, he could not give the palm of superiority to the one Bosville, in a few moments, returned with a book in the same resolution ; so they both sat, till at length over the other; but it is certain that Mary Bosville's her hand, and asked him something regarding the Collins saw it proper to go away. image was in his mind the whole of that day and meaning of a particular passage in it; but it was evi- At an early hour on the day after, a letter was night, and till next day the brilliant eyes of Louisa dently merely something to vary the subject of con- brought to him by a messenger, requesting an answer welcomed him at church, and her sunny ringlets fell versation. Frank paid little attention to the nature to be sent. It was from Mr Stewart-a very kind, on the book they held between them.

of what she asked him, and gave her any thing but a friendly, and, for him, a long letter. It was an inviWhen Collins had a leisure morning hour, it was satisfactory or sensible answer. Now was the moment tation !' To dinner?' No;

to Louisa's marriage on generally spent at Mrs Bosville's, and his idle hours, for him to have explained his feelings of affection to the Wednesday of the following week ; and Mr in the evening were passed at Mr Stewart's. But this amiable young lady, on whom his attentions had Stewart, in his letter, enlarged on the good qualities although life to him was passing in a whirl of plea- evidently wrought the usual effect of a preparation of the intended bridegroom - a young gentleman sure, it was a miserable, unsatisfactory delight after for listening to a declaration of attachment. But in- newly succeeded to his father's estates in -shire, all. He was acting the part of a dangler, and he had decision prevailed. The favourable opportunity was and no other than the elegant stranger that was ansome qualms of conscience as to how the matter was lost; and Mrs Bosville shortly entering the room, he nounced in his presence the day before. to end. Was he in love with both the young ladies, took his leave with as little appearance of confusion as “ Go to the marriage !” said Collins, as he threw or with only one of them, or with neither ? These it was possible for him to assume.

down the letter; “I will as soon go to the gallows or were ticklish questions, which he could not help put- In the evening—such was the strange complexity the guillotine." And he set himself to write an apoting to himself. What is this that I am doing? would of his feelings_he was at Mrs Stewart's, listening to logy, but he knew not what to say. He was above be say in his ruminating moments. I cannot marry Louisa's syren songs ; and he retired to rest in a state making any subterfuge. He could not say he was ill, both, and yet I cannot decide on whom my choice of mind more miserable than that of a criminal in his or engaged, or going out of town; and still less could ouglit to fail. Such was the infatuated indecision of cell.

he say he was so disappointed and mortified that he Frank Collins. Perhaps he was wrong in imagining The term of Mr Collins's stay in town drew to a close, would not come. He tossed aside his pen and paperthat be could have either for the asking; still his and he was not a whit more rational than at the outset. thought that if the apology were sent any time in the conduct was inexcusable in paying such attentions to What affections or expectations he had awakened in course of the day, it would be time enough—and putboth at the same time. He felt himself, as it were, the hearts of Mary Bosville and Louisa Stewart, we ting on his hat, sallied out, and down the Bonnington under the intuence of a spell. When he thought of do not pretend to be able to describe. The day before road till he came to the gate of Mr Bosville's residence. Louisa Stewart, a wild dream of delight thrilled his departure, he was invited to Mr Stewart's; and, He opened it, and entered the garden, and stood for through him—and in a few hours he was to be again except Louisa's married sisters, no company, was a moment on the very spot where he had parted from by her side ; and he thought she seemed to live only there. Louisa had less vivacity than she used to have, Mary and her mother. He went up to the house and

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rang the bell. Mrs Hill, a respectable and confiden- this he committed a number of thefts, and having fled, been at sea for a few days, the wind being light, and tial servant of Mrs Bosville's, opened the door. while on board a vessel bound for Charleston, he poi- the weather fair, I sat down to breakfast on deck with

“ How do you do, Mrs Hill?" said Frank, bright, soned some of the passengers, and had the audacity Tardy and the other cabin passengers. Captain Brightening up at the sight of her well-known face, and

to charge the crime on the cook, a black man, who man was still indisposed, and confined to his berth, how are your ladies ?” “ Oh,” said the woman, " Mrs Bosville is gone.

was tried and executed, although protesting his inno- During breakfast, Tardy acted as master of the cereShe died six months ago.' “And Miss Bosville ?" cence to the last. On his return to Philadelphia, he monies, and helped me to bacon, fried eggs, and a gasped out Dr Collins. Mrs Hill. " It is a week yesterday since she went." practised the same horrid crime, by infusing arsenie bowl of chocolate—all which politeness, of course, eza “ Went whither p" said Dr Collins impatiently. in the food of the passengers ; but this time he did not cited no suspicion. Soon after breakfast, I descended

to the cabin for the purpose of taking some repose, “ She sailed for Barbadoes,” answered Mrs Hill. altogether escape punishment, being seized and con“But you had better come in, sir, and I will tell you demned to seven years' hard labour in one of the peni- having been engaged all night on duty; but I had all about it," added she, as she thought he would tentiaries. From this state of confinement he was at hardly lain down for a minute, when I was attacked have fainted at the threshold. He followed the length liberated, and for some years lived in the com

with a violent headache, throbbing about the temples, woman in. She led the way into the back parlour, where he and Mary had so often sat together, and mission of almost every species of offence. He possessed and sickness of the stomach. Unable to make out the which looked out to the garden behind. The shut- the most unbounded confidence in his resources, and cause of this sudden illness, I sent for Tardy, who, ters were closed, the carpet was off, and the furni- viewed mankind with the utmost contempt. He never having felt my pulse, and inquired into the symptoms ture all crowded together at one end of the room. hesitated for a moment to perpetrate a crime, even of the disease, declared that there was bile on the Mrs Hill opened one of the windows, and dusted a

where there was a danger of being detected. In his stomach, and recommended an emetic. Mr Robinson sofa for him to sit down.

“I am only remaining nere,” said she, “ till after creed, he seems to have proscribed the whole buman having overheard this prescription, dissuaded me from the sale. The furniture is all to be sold off next

race. Perjury, poison, and poniards, were his instru- taking any medicine whatever, and recommended reweek. It will be a sore day, sir, the day of the sale, ments, and he wielded all with equal dexterity ; but pose. I therefore had my mattrass removed to the to see the things that Mrs Bosville had such a re- his chief engine of destruction was poison, which he open air on the deck, where I lay until eight o'clock

never scrupled to use, and that in the most dexterous in the evening, by which time the vomiting had ceased, “ But what of Miss Bosville ?” interrupted Dr Collins, gasping for breath.

In personal appearance, Tardy was a plain and I felt a good deal relieved. During the day, í “Oh, dear me, sir, did you no hear that she's gane

neat man, of a dark complexion, and with a grave had a conversation with Mr Robinson, who commuto the West Indies.” “Gone to the West Indies !-- countenance, which, it is said, was never disturbed nicated his fear that an attempt had been made by the no, I heard of nothing of the kind. When did she either by a smile or a laugh. He spoke several lan- Spaniards to poison them, as the whole crew seemed " It's only a week yesterday, as I said, since

guages with fluency, which as an accomplishment to be sick, and who proposed, that, to guard against they gaed awa. 'Í'he marriage took place on the Tuesday, and they set off in a ship frae Leith for Barba- that gave him only greater scope for the performance any thing of this kind in future, their own cook should does on the Wednesday.” “They !” cried Frank, of his designs.

prepare food for the crew and other passengers, while almost suffocated with emotion; what they--what

Finding that his character was too well known in Courro, who acted as the servant of Felix and Tardy, marriage ?“What marriage !" replied the old wo

the United States, he formed the plan of doing some might act as cook for the Spaniards. Nothing, how. man, “the marriage of Mary Bosville. Did you no hear tell o't? I'm sure it was in the papers at ony thing in the way of slave-dealer or pirate in the West ever, was settled upon definitely, and, as the vessel rate. She's married to a grand man, a planter, that Indies, and with such a view made his appearance, was going safely in her course, I lay down for the cam ower here on a visit, and was weel recommended; in 1827, at Havanna, in the island of Cuba. Here, night, but with orders to be waked if the breeze should and the marriage wasna lang in being made up, for while in the course of maturing his plans, he pre- spring up. Mary, puir thing, hadna ony body to look to after tended to practise as a dentist and physician, in order I had slept, I think, about an hour and a half, when the death o' her mother, and sae she's noo Mrs Os. borne, and I have nae doubt but she'll lead a very

to lull suspicion as to his real character. After spend. I was waked by dreadful shrieks proceeding from all happy life wi' her husband, for he's a kind gentle ing some time in Havanna, he settled upon a plan parts of the vessel. Starting up with the apprehenmanly man, and very fond o’her.”

which, if executed with discretion and energy, pro- sion that we were boarded by pirates, I ran forward Frank groaned in agony. He did not require to mised, as he thought, to yield a rich reward for his to the forecastle, and there a horrid scene of slaughter hear more. had scarcely strength to bear him to the door. He re- ingenuity. This was nothing less than murdering the met my sight. I learned that Courro was the first turned slowly to the city, a being blighted, and dis

whole crew and passengers of a vessel, and then mak. to wake, and perceiving that the time was come for tressed beyond a hope of cure.

And what he felt ing the ship his own, with all its valuable cargo. action, he called up Tardy and the Spaniards. Tardy most excruciating, was the consciousness of deserving Such a diabolical scheme, however, could not be exe- then cut the throat of Dolliver, and gave the signal, what he experienced.

cuted without accomplices, and these he found in the when the Spaniards set up dreadful cries, which roused He lost no time in returning to the scene of his professional occupation, but with hopes of happiness persons of Felix, Pepe, and Courro, three Spaniards every body; and as any one came up, either from the entirely quenched. He is still alive, in the patient of loose character, who had been accustomed to scenes cabin or forecastle, he was immediately stabbed. The endurance of an existence which might have been to of dissipation and crime. The vessel which was American carpenter was the first to make his way him one of happiness, if he had taken the right road. pitched upon by this band of wretches was the Ame- from the cabin, and was stabbed by Pepe ; but the And he looks back with bitter remorse on his un

rican brig Crawford, commanded by Captain Bright- blow not proving mortal, a struggle ensued, which pardonable fickleness and folly, which had probably been the cause of misery to others, as it was certainly man, at the time loading with molasses, coffee, and lasted for a short time, when he fell, and was disto himself.*

sugar, and about to sail for New York. This selec- patched by an axe. During the continuance of this tion, it seems, was not without a sufficient reason. struggle, Captain Brightman rushed on deck, and re

The Crawford was a new vessel, and a slight indispo-ceived a blow from Felix, which laid him prostrate, TARDY, THE POISONER.

sition of the captain led Tardy to expect that he The Irish passenger met the same fate, and Robinson ACCORDING to the annals of courts of justice, it ap- might, in his professional character of doctor, gain was supposed to have thrown himself from the cabin pears that two classes of offenders are brought to trial | his confidence, which would greatly facilitate the exe- windows into the ocean, upon seeing the death of the for their misdeeds, namely, those who commit crime cution of his scheme. The mode of operation was Irishman. Courro was equally successful at the fore. from necessity or some unfortunate combination of now arranged. It was agreed that Courro should go castle, and stabbed successively Potter, Gibbs, and circumstances, and those who are naturally or habi. on board in the capacity of Tardy's servant, and that Bicknell ; Deane, who slept on deck, was not dis. tually so depraved in disposition, that no moral re- Felix and Pepe should go as cabin passengers, passing covered in the darkness, and threw himself overboard straint has the power of preventing their commission for merchants going to New York to buy a vessel to without being wounded. When in the water, he en. of the most dreadful atrocities. To this latter class be employed in the African trade; and to render this treated that a barrel, plank, or oar, or something, belonged Alexander Tardy, one of the most consum- story probable, a box was procured, filled with iron might be thrown out to support him, as he was ready mate villains whom the world ever produced, and and lead, which was to be represented as containing to sink, and these entreaties were seconded by Mr whose career in crime may be read as a warning by seventeen thousand dollars in gold. In the mean- Robinson, but all in vain; and they both doubtless those who have the power of suppressing vicious pro- while, by means of a discharged clerk of the custom- soon sank to rise no more. (Gibbs, the black cook, pensities in youth, while they are susceptible of modi- house, a set of false papers was procured, to exhibit who had been wounded, and Mr Ginoulhiac, were fication. after the vessel had been mastered.

spared ; why the latter was not put to death, is not Tardy was a native of the island of St Domingo, After some delay in loading and taking on board a well explained in the evidence. ] and accompanied his father, who was of French ex. number of passengers, the good brig Crawford cleared In the meantime, being wounded, I had made the traction, to the United States, where he sought refuge out for sea on the 28th of May 1827. When it set best of my way to the rigging, which had not escaped after the revolution of that island. It does not appear sail, it was manned by the following crew :–Edmund the notice of Tardy, who called out in a loud voice that he received any thing like a good education, and Dobson, mate; Joseph Dolliver, Asa Bicknell, Oliver for me to descend, which I refused to do; but upon it is mentioned that in youth he displayed an untamed Potter, and Nathaniel Deane, seamen; and Stephen repeated assurances that if I came down my life restless disposition. He was put to a mercantile bu. Gibbs, a coloured man who acted as cook. Besides would be spared, I at length ventured down upon siness in Philadelphia, but in this he ultimately failed, Brightman, the captain, there were also on board, as the deck, and was immediately surrounded by Tardy and went to serve as steward on board a vessel. From passengers, Tardy, Felix, Pepe, and Courro ; like and his companions. Tardy now began to question this employment he was discharged in 1813, under the wise, Ferdinand Ginoulhiac, who was also a Spaniard, me about the box which Felix had brought aboard, dark suspicion of having poisoned the captain. He but not belonging to Tardy's band ; an American, and what had become of it. I replied that I had seen now went to Boston, and got a knowledge of the busi- and an Irish carpenter, whose names were n known; the box, and put it in the captain's state-room, but ness of a dentist from a German practitioner. After and Mr Norman Robinson, who was part owner of could not tell what had become of it, if it were no

the cargo_making altogether fifteen individuals. We longer there. Tardy then explained that the Spani• We have abridged and altered the above story from a volume

shall now describe how the plot was gradually de- ards had applied to the captain for the box, and upon recently published under the title of the “ Edinburgh Literary veloped and brought to a crisis ; and in doing so, use his refusal to give it up, they had resolved, instead of Album." The alterations are such as we think improve the proba- the affecting account afterwards given by Dobson, the going to the United States to seek a precarious rebility of the piece, and render it more acceptable as a moral les

We are glad to have an opportunity of recommending this mate, who, along with Ginoulhiac, and Gibbs, the dress from the laws, to take the law into their own modest production to public notice. It is the composition of a cook, alone survived to tell the horrid tale.

hands, and had accordingly killed the captain and young lady in Edinburgh, possessing no ordinary ability, and who

The brig (says Dobson) proceeded on the voyage taken possession of the vessel ; that, as the deed was camiot but be successful as an authoress, provided she devote herself to the illustration of life as it is, and not as it is idly depicted

with variable winds, but with every prospect of mak- now done, it would be useless to go to the United by the poets of a forgotten er u.

ing a fair passage. One morning, after the vessel had | States, and they had determined to sail for Europe;

son,

and that, if I would assist them, they would not only The trial took place before Chief-Justice Marshall, | crooked toils of policy - I listen to the debates of save my life, but I should be well paid for my services at Richmond, Virginia, on the 16th of July 1827, and councils I pursue the route of armies.I mingle in when the cargo was disposed of.

the evidence of the guilt of the prisoners was so clear, mighty battles I attend the fugitive, the captive,

that they were condemned to death, and were executed the dying. I trace the rise and fall of individuals Of course, this plausible story of Tardy was a a month afterwards.

and of nations. I mark the incessant struggles and mere fabrication, in order to excuse the murders and

As soon as the tale of horror which we have nar- agitations of men, their keen pursuits, their furious the seizure of the vessel ; but as I was not in a con- rated became generally known, a very considerable rivalries, their remorseless ambition, and ask myself dition to dispute the accuracy of the statement, I of- degree of interest was manifested with regard to the what availeth all this now? I contrast this stir with fered no objections to it, and consented to do that configuration of the head of the principal actor, Tardy; my own tranquil seclusion, and comfort myself with

and his skull was therefore made the object of mea- thinking, that if my ease be insignificant, it is at least which was requested of me, whereupon I obtained per- surement and analysis, in order to see if it corres- harmless and safe. Sometimes I follow the wanderer mission to lie down on my mattrass to take some re- ponded with the principles laid down by Phrenology. by land or sea, into strange countries, among savage pose. In the course of the morning, after the work For the special results of these examinations, we must people. I see nature under aspects different from of destruction had been completed, the Spaniards set

refer to the 5th volume of the Edinburgh Phrenolo- what I ever saw; and men varying from each other up loud cries of exultation, and, intoxicated with their the skull of Tardy was found to be low in front, burning suns, or shiver amidst polar ice. I share

gical Journal ; it is sufficient for us here to state that as much as the regions they inhabit. I faint under success, walked about the deck, which, as well as the showing a deficiency of moral and intellectual facul- the traveller's perils and escapes, his adventures and sails and rigging, was every where dyed with blood, ties, and a large preponderance behind, proving a discoveries. I sympathise in the rude repulses which and they occasionally resorted to a bottle of liquor predominance of the destructive and grovelling pro- he meets with the seasonable relief--the unexpected placed on the hencoop. They were not, however, so pensities of our nature. Possibly these might have kindness. And I readily bestow on him, like the far gone as to neglect the clearing away of all traces

been modified by early culture, along with the incul- amiable Cowper, my thanks and praise, that, with so of the murders. They washed the deck and rigging, the whole career of the man offers one of the most pose. Sometimes I (pierce into the thorny thicket of cation of moral and religious sentiments; as it was, much toil to himself

, he has spread a feast for my reand painted the sails to conceal the blood with which striking instances in modern times, of a human being metaphysics ; pushing aside the boughs, and catching they were stained. During the day, all the papers devoting himself, under every circumstance of life, to by the twigs, and leaping the ditches, and wading belonging to the brig were torn up and thrown overthe destruction of his fellow-creatures,

through the quagmires, with closed eyes, and indefaboard, and all the chests and trunks which had be

tigable arms, till, after long warfare, I find myself

just where I set out, with little other benefit than longed to the passengers and crew were ransacked for

PLEASURES OF BAD DAY.

the sharpened activity acquired in the conflict. Some. plunder. The American flag was also destroyed,

(We here make another quotation from “THE CABINET, a

times I take upon myself the task of active labour, and materials were produced for making a Spanish series of Essays Moral and Literary," of which we presented more and (as at this present writing) cull from the gathered flag, which Mr Ginoulhiac was required to put to

than one specimen about three months ago. We have been much stores of my CABINET, for the benefit of my readers

concerned to observe the continued obscurity of this delightful and posterity. gether.

revival of the old Essayists. A reception so different from its me. It were inexcusable to omit the peculiar delight of Tardy, who was now in command, informed me rits can only be accounted for by circumstances apart from me. sitting down to a good novel on a bad day. The inthat he intended to proceed to Hamburg, and that he rit, and we would suggest the form and price of the book as per- teresting story, the glowing descriptions, the amusing was provided with papers for such a voyage ; but that haps the most obstructive. If the papers had been published in characters, are all enhanced by the storm without, before sailing for Europe, he wished to put into some reprinted in a pair of neat and cheap volumes

, the refined taste, enjoyment. The poet Gray declares his idea of an the successive numbers of some popular periodical,

and finally the snugness within, and the unbroken leisure for port to procure fresh provisions, and ship a crew, as elegant pleasantry, and amiable morality, which characterise them the Spaniards were no sailors. At his request, I in- in so eminent a degree, could not have failed to make an impres- epicurean paradise to be fulfilled in lounging on a formed him how to steer for St Mary's. An effort fashionable size, and, what is more important in these days, unsion on the public mind. But, appearing in two volumes of un sofa, and reading perpetual new romances of Mari.

vaux or Crebillon. A fertile and mighty genius of was now made to reach this port, but contrary winds fashionable price, they remain for the present “like metal in a

our own day has put it in our power actually to rea. prevented a landing; and after cruising about for a mine." Could not this be yet remedied ?)

lise this Elysium.

Nor am I the only member of the household who couple of days, I proposed to carry the vessel either The pleasure which we have in observing contrasts into Savannah or Charleston ; Tardy, however, ob- has long been noticed by those who examine

into hu- profits by the advent of a bad day. On such an ocjected to these places, where he said he was known, pleasure ever so great as when we compare exterior, which indicates a soul intent on high designs. This

man nature, or address human feelings : nor is that casion, you may discern, in my worthy sister's coun. and he did not care for being seen. It was finally or past, or fictitious calamity, with present enjoyment is an opportunity destined by her for dispatch of busiresolved to go to Norfolk, and the course was accordo felt by ourselves. This principle, it is well known, ness, and a thorough inspection and reform of the ingly shaped for the Capes of Virginia. Tardy pro- has been illustrated by Lucretius, in the prospect, household, from the garret to the cellar. From this posed that they should anchor in the Chesapeake

, and from a safe retreat on shore of ships toiling amidst scrutiny, the only spot exempted is my study, which hands and provisions. This I opposed, telling him remember past misfortunes. Our own poets, Thom. 1. reserve as a sort of city of refuge, amidst the general

storm of ablution that descends on the rest of the that I was afraid of the Spaniards, who would pro- we feel in a snug warm dwelling, when contrasted injunctions would be a slight protection against the ac

son and Cowper, remark the sense of comfort which domicile. To attain this object, however, orders or bably take my life. He did all in his power to re- with the wintry blast howling around its roof. And move these fears, by saying, that if they attempted Armstrong has thus happily expressed the same sen

tive housewifery of my sister and her handmaids ; so,

to keep all safe, I man the fortress myself, and maké my life, he would sink both them and the vessel on timent:

a vigorous resistance against all intrusion. The rest his return. Circumstances fortunately occurred to

O when the growling winds contend, and all

of the house is abandoned to the invaders. The affu. prevent him from leaving the vessel, and my run

The sounding forest fluctuates in the storm,

sion from mops and pails within, almost emulates the ning any risk of being murdered. On arriving at

To sink in warm repose, and hear the din

deluge without. Floors and tables are vexed with the bay of Norfolk, pilot boats began, as is usual, to

Howl o'er the steady battlements, delights

scrubbing. Beds are taken down, and carpets folded

Above the luxury of vulgar sleep. make their appearance, a matter which disconcerted

up. No nook or cranny escapes the searching inqui. him not a little. As one pilot after another came up These authors have their praise :-But the palm of sition. Lurking decays are detected, and ancient im. and offered his services, Tardy declined their offers, original discovery was reserved for the keeper of the purities cleared out. Domestic utensils are considered. declaring that the vessel was bound for Hamburg, and Cabinet, in unfolding to his admiring readers the Some are found to be worn out, others broken ; and that he was well acquainted with the bay. I now PLEASURES OF A BAD DAY.

orders for amendment are issued accordingly, Garpointed out the danger of his refusing to take a pilot, When I awaken in the morning, and hear the wind ments are scanned with a curious eye, and if hole apthat the refusal might excite suspicion, especially as roaring in the chimney top, and the rain pelting in pear in stocking, or small-clothes gape with hideous the name of the vessel was not on the stern, and these gusts against my window—“ This is well,” say I, rent, or loosened button be wagging its sweet head, representations induced him to allow a pilot to come congratulating myself on the prospect of a bad day. straightway the helping-hand is applied. If, in the on board.”

I then creep out of bed to the window ; and, gazing domestic manufacture of luscious condiments-mar. This was a fatal though an unavoidable step, and forth, behold the heavens surcharged with heavy malade or jelly—aught hath misgiven, now is the time paved the way for the discovery of the piracy and clouds, the drops pouring down from the eaves, and for a thorough recoction. If liquor is to bottle, this murder. Having come to anchor by the guidance of the streets shining with moisture. “ Better and bet- is a season free from interruption. Lumber is rethe pilot at about a hundred yards from the shore, ter,” I add ; " it is fairly set in.". I descry one or moved, stores unpacked, letters answered, servants Tardy again mentioned his intention to go on shoré two workmen hurrying betimes to their daily labour, scolded, accounts examined, household-books posted to get hands and provisions, making strong promises with coats buttoned, heads held down, and hands in up; in short, a thousand weighty matters, essential to to Dobson to reward him for his fidelity, and to bring their pockets. “Poor souls !” say I, sneaking the conduct of a well-ordered family, are dispatched him any thing he wanted from Norfolk. But Dobson back into bed ; “it is not, however, quite so well under favour of a bad day. had already formed a plan of escape from this band for them :" And while I gently sink into another My little nephew, from such an event, derives less of wretches. He had the address to persuade Tardy slumber, endeavour to feel as much compassion for apparent benefit than the rest of the family. To an to allow him to prepare the boat for his going ashore; them as I can.

active and healthy boy, nothing can compensate the and getting possession of an oar, while the Spaniards After breakfast, I again look forth, and see an un- want of corporal locomotion. Various devices are were aloft furling the sails, he at once sculled away broken curtain shroud the welkin from side to side, fallen upon to keep him quiet, by assigning new tasks, from the vessel, and, to the consternation of Tardy, the drops dancing in the gutters, and the deluge and rehearsing old ones ; but after these are exhausted, got safely to land. On touching the shore, he made driving aslant before the blast. Here a lubbard sca- the instinct breaks out in a restlessness and meddling, the best of his way to Fortress Monroe, and gave in- venger sweeps out the overflowing kennels : there a which my sister pronounces to be nearly akin to misformation to the officers of the character of the vessel, damsel, sorely bedraggled, picks her steps through a chief. In vain do I represent this activity as flowing and the dreadful transactions of which it had been wilderness of mud : at an adjoining corner a hapless from the wise order of nature, and the source of all the scene. A boat was forth with fitted out with an gentleman is engaged in conflict with his umbrella, knowledge. “A fig for your knowledge and nonofficer and men to visit the ship, and seize Tardy and which buffets him to and fro, reversing the concave sense,” answers Judith, " the little smatchett has his companions.

into the convex ; or, perchance, taking an upward broke my Nankin jar.” 'She therefore endeavours to In the interim, the wretched Tardy foresaw the fight, leaves its gazing owner with the stick in his divert this nocent propensity, by setting him to work termination which was speedily to take place to his hand. Satisfied with this contemplation of the evils at some wheel of the domestic machinery. And, inmurderous career. He saw the vengeance of the law of humanity, I repair to my study, stir my fire into deed, this labour of keeping him out of mischief (as about to fall upon him, and he hastened to elude his a rousing blaze, glance my eye with conscious pleasure my sister terms it) adds no inconsiderable item to her fate.

Proceeding to the cabin, and seating himself round my library, draw in my elbow-chair, and, occupations on a bad day: upon a box of dollars, the accumulation of his plun- throwing myself back, with outstretched limbs, set To all this it may be objected, that the pleasures I der, he put an end to his existence by cutting his about determining how I am to pass the day. am describing are of a selfish nature, and that no one throat. The Spaniards had not the same clear per- Sometimes I plunge into the sweet maze of poesy. should derive satisfaction from the evils of his fellowception of the nature of their doom, and suffered in a moment I find myself amid sunshine, and sum. creatures. This, however, I consider as refining too themselves to be seized, and carried on shore to pri- mer breezes, and quiet waters, and all the voluptuous much. The sentiment to which I have alluded is son. The ship was now taken charge of by the offi. serenity of a southern climate ; and enjoy this with perhaps rather allied to benevolence than opposed to cial authorities; the remaining persons on board, double relish when I contemplate the sad and surly it. At least I can say for myself, that when I look namely, Mr Ginoulhiac and the cook, being at the atmosphere without. Sometimes I turn the histo- forth on such a day, and see the less favoured of my same time removed, and kept along with Dobson as ric page, and read the lessons of that stern philo- species submitting with contentment, and even cheerwitnesses on the trial of the Spanish sailors.

sophy which teaches by examples. I explore the fulness, to hardships under which I should heavil

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