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its celebrity, and the students of their former valour, twenty steps, and then falling into a steep and stony which they had been first discovered, and were now in breaking the windows of the citizens and trying ravine, rolled lifelessly over, until he reached the very within one thousand yards of the place where we the strength of their own skulls during their nightly spot where the astonished fisherman was stauding: were resting. Hennessey and the boy advanced in orgies. One sees groups of them here and there Before his surprise had time to abate, a man armed double quick, and where the ridge is steepest between smoking their cigars very peaceably, while graes and with a French gun, leaped upon the bank over which the highlands and the valley, we observed them make weeds are beginning to grow up in the streets, and the deer had fallen, and was joined immediately a sudden halt, and creep gingerly forward to what the town itself gradually assuming a very solitary by a companion, armed also with a fowling-piece. seemed the brow of a precipice. 'We followed more and sombre appearance.
Then, for the first time, they observed the startled leisurely, and adopting a similar method of approach, Different, indeed, is the town of Weimar, at no angler. The discovery was any thing but agreeable ; stole silently on, and looked over the chasm. great distance. This delightful spot has long been for, after a momentary pause, they rushed down The precipice we were on forms the extremity of the head-quarters of the German literati, wliere the the hill together, and presenting their long guns at a long but narrow ravine, which, gradually rising grear Schiller died a few years ago, and where the il: Cooney's. breast, ordered him to decamp, in terms from the lowlands, dividis the bases of Carrig. lustrious Goëthe finished his glorious career in March that admitted of no demur. The angler absconded binniogh and Meelroe. It was a perpendicular rock 1832. I saw him in 1827,
when he did me the honour forthwith. On looking round, he saw the deer- of fearful height. At either side the valley was flanked to receive me in the most friendly manner in his own stealers place the carcase on their shoulders and as by the sides of the opposite hills; and they sprang up house. He was then seventy-nine years of age, tall cend the heights, over which they quickly disappeared. so rugged and precipitous as to be quite impracticable and well made, with large dark eyes, even at that The feat is almost incredible, and it required an to all but “the wild fock wbicb never needs a fold ;" period of life beaming with fire and intelligence; and amazing effort of strength and determination to trans- and yet the cleugh below was like a green spot upon with the mild and urbane manners of the courtier, port a full.grown red-deer over a precipitous moun. a wilderness. To the very bases of the ridges it was he united a certain measure of German gravity, very tain, which we, in light marching order, and with 10 covered with verdant grass and blooming heatber, becoming an old man, and characteristic of his coun- burden but our guns, found a difficult task enough to while, at the upper end, streams from several well try. His acquaintance was of itself a passport into climb.
heads united together and formed a sparkling rivulet, the choicest circles, and his interest procured a per- From its very base, Carrig.a-binniogh presents a which wardered between banks so green and shrubby, son an immediate entrance into the best library in different surface to the moorlands which environ it:
as formed a striking contrast to the barren heaths be. heath is no more seen, and in its place the mountain's low and the blasted wilderness above. Germany.
I do not know a more desirable residence than rugged sides are clothed with lichen and wild grasses. We put our hats aside, and peeped over. The wave Weimar for a person of moderate income, and having The fece of the bill is broken and irregular, and the of Hennessey's hand proved the boy's report to be a relish for literary pursuits. It lies in the very heart uscent rendered extremely disagreeable by multitudes correct, and we were gratified with a sight of those of the Continent, and where the real German cha- of loose stones, which, being lightly bedded in the soil, rare and beautiful animals which formed the object racter is preserved entire, uncontaminated by those yield to the pressure of the traveller's foot, and of of our expedition. They were the same leash which
course increase his difficulties. vicious principles which prevail more and more as we
the peasant had noticed in the lower valley-au old
After the first hundred yards had been gallantly stag, a younger one, and a doe. approach the banks of the Rhine in a westerly direc. tion. It contains within itself a most extensive and surmounted, we halted by general consent to recover
The great elevation of the precipice, and the can. delightful garden, open to the public at all times ; breath. Again we resumed our labour, and, with oc.
tion with which we approached the verge, permitced and, to crown the whole, the reigning Great-Duke casional pauses, plodded on “our weary way." As
us, without alarming them, to view the red-deer lei. and Duchess, who are most exemplary in the practice we ascended, the hill became more precipitous, the surely. They appeared to have been as yet undisof every thing that is amiable and praiseworthy, re- grass shorter, and the hands were as much employed turbed, for, after cropping the herbage for a little, the
as the feet. The halts were now more frequent; and younger stag and the bind lay down, while the old ceive strangers properly recommended with the most rointed attention, and do the honours of their high each progression towards the summit shorter after hart remained erect as if he intended to be their sen.
“ To climb the trackless mountain all tinel. station with a degree of condescension and goodness, which a person must see to have an adequate idea of, unseen,” is very poetical, no doubt; but it is also, I
The distance of the deer from the ridge was top and which I had the good fortune of experiencing.— regret to add, amazingly fatiguing, and a task for great to allow the rifle to be used with any thing like
men of thews and sinews of no ordinary strength. certainty; and from the exposed nature of the hills Such is Weimar!"
But we were determined, and persevered_" forward" at either side, it was impossible to get within point.
was the order of the day : on we progressed, slowly blank range undiscovered. Hennessey had already DEER SHOOTING.
but continuously; the steepest face of the hill was formed his plans, and drawing cautiously back from (From "Wild Sports of the West." Bentley, London.] gradually overcome, and a wide waste of moss and the ridge, he pulled us by the skirts, and beckoned us A SHEPHERD in breathless haste has just entered our shingle lay before us, rising towards a cairn of stones, to retire. cabin (situated in the western wilds of Ballycroy in which marks the apex of the mountain. We pressed We fell back abont a pistol-shot from the cliff, and Ireland), and by expressive signs and few words, he on with additional energy; the termination of our toil under a rock, and held our council of war. There bas conveyed the intelligence to Mr Hennessey that was in view : in a few minutes we gained the top, and were two passes, through one of which the deer, when three outlying deer are at this minute in a neighbour. a scene, glorious beyond imagination, burst upon us roused and driven from the glen, would most likely ing glen. He saw them in the valley as he crossed at once, and repaid tenfold the labour we bad encoun.
The better of these, as post of honour, was, the brow above. Nothing short of the landing of a tered to obtain it.
more politely than prudently, entrusted to me; my French army or a smuggler could occasion such con- We stood upon the very pinnacle of the ridge, two kinsman occupied the other; and Hennessy having fusion. The chamber of state is invaded, rifles are
thousand feet above the level of the sea. Clew Bay, ensconced us behind rocks, which prevented our amuncased, shut exchanged for bullets, a basket with that magnificent sheet of water, was extended at our bush from being discovered, crossed to the other side refreshments packed ; all is burry and preparation, feet, studded with its countless islands : inland, the of the ridge, and I lost sight of him. Meanwhile the and in an incalculably short time we are ready for eye ranged over a space of fifty miles; and towns and boy had been dispatched to apprise the drivers that the fray, and in full march for the mountains. villages beyond number were sprinkled over a surface the deer were in the ravine, and to notify the spot
The day is particularly favourable, the sun shines covered with grass, and corn, and heath, in beautiful where we were posted, to enable them to arrange their brilliantly, the sky is without a cloud, and if we even
alternation. The sun was shining gloriously, and the movements according to our plans. miss the deer, I trust that the prospect from the moun. variety of colouring presented by this expansive land. I will not pretend to describe the anxious, nay, tain-top will more than repay our labour in ascending scape, was splendidly tinted by the vertical rays of agonising hour, that I passed in this highland ambus. it. The party comprises three guns, and some ten of light. The yellow corn, the green pasturage, the cade. The deep stillness of the waste was not broken twelve drivers, with our guide. My kinsman and russet heaths, were traceable to an infinite distance, by even the twittering of a bird. From the place Hennessey have rifles; I am no marksman with a while smaller objects were marked upon this natural where I lay concealed, I commanded a view of the debullet, and I declined to take one, and therefore must panorama, and churches, towns, and mansions, occa- file for the distance of some eighty yards, and my eye put my trust in honest John Manton. We bend our sionally relieved the prospect. We turned from the turned to the path by which I expected the deer to course directly to the mountain cleugh, where the interior to the west, there the dark waters of the approach, until to gaze longer pained me. My ear deer were seen by the peasant; but when we reach Atlantic extended, till the eye lost them in the hori.
was equally engaged; the smallest noise was instantly the base of the hills, we must diverge to the left, and zon. Northward lay the Sligo highlands; and south- detected, and the ticking of my watch appeared sharper make a considerable detour ; and judging from the ap. ward, the Connemara mountains, with the noble and louder than usual. As time wore on, my nervous. pearance of the heights to be surmounted, we have islands of Turk and Buffin-nearer objects seemed ness increased. Suddenly a few pebbles fell-my heart works cut out, which, before our return to the hut, almost beneath us : Achill was below.Clare Island beat faster-but it was a false alarm. Again I beard will tell what metal we are made of.
stretched at our feet-while our own cabin looked like a faint sound, as if a light foot pressed upon loose Nor is the garrison during our absence lest without a speck upou the canvass, distinguished only by its sbingle it was repeated it is the deer! They have protectors. l'he Colonel, the Priest, the Otter.killer, spiral wreath of smoke from the billocks that encircled entered the gorge of the pass, and approach the rock and eld John, there keep watch and ward. Old John, it
. There was an indescribable loneliness around, that covers me, in a gentle canter! * the last and trustiest of the four," has assumed his that gave powerful effect to all we saw. The dreari. To sink upon one knee and cock both barrels, was culinary apron, and from the strength and array of ness of the waste we occupied was grand and impos. a moment's work. Reckless of danger, the noble ani. his * materiel,” it is clear that he calculates little upon ing: we were far removed from every thing buman; mals, in single file, galloped down the narrow path. the red deer venison we shall bring home.
we stood above the world, and could exclaim with way. The hart led the way, followed by the doe, and A smart walk of some three miles over an undulat. | Byron, “ This, this is solitude !”
the old stag brought up the rear. As they passed me ing surface, of gentle but regular ascent, brought us
'How long we might have gazed on this brilliant at the short distance of twenty paces, I fired at the to the deep and circular lake, which lies at the base spectacle, is questionable. Hennessey, less romantic leader, and, as I thought, with deadly aim ; but the of Carrig-a-binniogh; it seems the boundary between than we, reminded us that it was time to occupy the ball passed over his back, and splintered the rock bethe hill country and the moorlands. Here we halted, detile, by which the deer, if found, and driven from yond him. The report rang over the waste, and the and held with the peasants a council of war, on the the lowlands, would pass within our range. Thus | deer's surprise was evinced by the tremendous rush course of operations to be pursued.
recalled, we looked at the immediate vicinage of the they made to clear the defile before them. I selected The situation of this mountain lough is extremely cairn. It was a wilderness of moss, and bog, and the stag for my second essay; eye and finger kept ex. L
picturesque; on three sides it is embosomed in the granite, barren beyond description, and connected cellent time, as I imagined.'1 drew the triggersma hills, which rise boldly from the water's edge, and for with the upper levels of the Alpine ridge, wbich ex- miss by every thing unfortunate! The bullet merely many hundred feet appear to be almost perpendicular. tended for miles at either side, by a narrow chain of strucka tyne from his antler, and, excepting this Its depth is considerable, and hence, bright as the day rock, which seemed more like the topping of a para. trifling graze, he went off at a ibundering pace, une is, the waters have a dark and sombre look. It pet than the apex of a line of hills. Indeed, a more injured. abounds with trout of moderate size and excellent fla desolate region could not be well imagined ; no sign Throwing my luckless gun upon the ground, I vour. They were rising fast at the natural ily, and of vegetation appeared, if scathed lichens, and parched rushed to the summit of a neighbouring rock, from appeared generally to be herring-sized.
and withered flag-grass, be excepted-the mountain which the heights and vallies beyond the gorge of the While resting here, preparatory to attempting to cattle were rarely seen upon these heights, and the pass were seen distinctly. The deer bad separated accend the heigbts, Cooney, the guide, related a very footmarks upon ihe softer surface were those of deer the bart and dog turned suddenly to the right, and apposite adventure.
were fired at by my cousin, without effect. The stag Late in the autumn of the preceding year, the pea
While we still cast a " longing lingering look went right ahead ; and while I still gazed after him, Eant bad visited the lake with his fishing-rod. The a scene, which, I lament to say, I shall most probably a flash issued from a bollow in the hill, the sharp retrouts took well, and Cooney bad nearly filled his never be permitted to view again, a boy rose from the port of Hennessey's piece succeeded, and the stag basket, when he was startled by the report of a gun valley towards the south, and hastened ac full speed sprang full six feet from the ground, and, tumbling at no great distance up the hill. While he looked to join us. His communication was soon made, and, over and over repeatedly, dropped upon the bent-grass in the direction from whence the shot appeared tu like the shepherds at the cabin, pantomime rather with a rifle-bullet in his heart. have been discharged, a fine full-grown stag crossed than speech conveyed its import. His tidings were I rushed at beadlong speed to the spot where cho the brow above him, tottered downwards for some momentous : the deer had mored from the place in noble animal.lay. The eye was open-ihe nostrud ex
panded, just as life bad left him. Throwing bis rifle thereof, let the plain above mentioned, stretched out, HENRY PRENTICE, AN EARLY CULTIVATOR OF down, Hennessey pulled out a clasp-kuile, passed the " if need be," jn yet wider circumference, be crowned
THE POTATO. blade across the deer's throat, and requesting my as. with a fitting canopy of those lugubrious trees that This man was at one time a pedlar, at another time sistance, raised the carcase by the launches, in order love our soil and climate—the Norway fir, the moun.
a market-gardener, and at all times a very eccentric
He introduced the field culture of the to assist its bleeding freely.
tain pine, the yew.cree's “ venerable shade," and character. Having performed this necessary operation, and ob. every son of the forest a grore tremendous and in potato into Lothian in 1746, seven years after it had tained the assistance of two of our companion, from violable for ages. Here might the generations of the been first tried in the parish of Kilsyth by Mr Graham the valley, whence they had been driving the deer, we dead-the departed millious that once toiled from of Tamrawer; but it was in consequence of seeing the
root in Ireland or in Lancashire, in the course of his proceeded to transport the dead stag to the lowlands. inurning to night in the vast work house below, find a It was no easy task, but we accomplished it quickly; stern, but deep and inviolate repose. Why bring wandering profession, that Prentice thought of mak. and perceiving some horses grazing at no great dis. roses, or plant myrtles, to mock with a smile the ing the attempt. As the field was advancing to ripe. tance, we determined to press one for the occasion. A graves of those on whom nothing ever smiled in life ? ness, Lord Miuto, eminent for his patriotic benevolence, stout pony, was unceremoniously put in requisition, -[The writer bas forgot to mention that the English asked him how it was getting on; to which Prentice the deer laid across his back, and after emptying Aask have no time to spare for lounging in burying-grounds answered, “Very well, my lord; but I do not know and basket joyously beside a stream of rock-water, we -an excuse sufficient in itself for declining to esta.
bow I shall get them carried to town for sale.” “I'll turned our faces to the cabin, where the news of our blish a Père-la-Chaise.]
give you a cart and horse," said Lord Minto, and be
was as good as his word; but Prentice, after dispos. success had already arrived.
ing of his produce, sold the cart and horse for his own NUMBER ONE.
behoof, alleging that his lordship had given them to A PERE-LA-CHAISE IN LONDON.
him as a present. Having scraped together the sum (From Hood's Comic Annual, 1830.)
of a hundred and furty pounds, he sank it with the On this frequently broached subject, a wri:er in the “It's very hard! and so it is,
managers of the Canongate Charity Work house, in Spectator-one of the best-conducted newspapers in
To live in such a row,
1784, for a weekly subsistence of seven shillings, which the kingdom-has the following observations :
And witness this, that every Miss
he enjoyed in a humble lodging in the Abbey. During
But me bas got a beau. It would be vanity to attempt a Père-la-Chaise in
his latter years, he was in the practice of going every
For Love goes calliog up and down, the suburbs of London; the myrtle blooms not there,
But here he seems to shun:
Wednesday to the Cross of Edinburgh, to converse and the cypress grows as a stranger. The genius of I'm sure he has been ask'd enough
with the farmers, who were very kind to him; but he the people is even more opposed to it than the climate.
To call at Number One!
would never shake the hand of any person above two Ours is a branch of the great European family very “I'm sick of all the double knocks
years of age. Nine years before his death, he pur. different from that of the French--lo whom the Frank's
chased for himself a coffin at two guineas, taking the
That come to Number Four ! have left liccle but their name, and in whose veins the At Number Three I often see
joiner bound, by a written obligation, to screw him Celtic blood is mixed, but not tempered with Gothic
A lover at the door;
down with his owu bands gratis ; and this dismal and Burgundian. By whatever name they be called And one in blue, at Number Two,
memorial of mortality, which was inscribed only with -Saxon, Jute, or Dane-Northinen, Norwegian, or
Calls daily like a dun
the year of his birth (1703), he suspended from the Normau-our fathers are from northernmost Ger
It's very hard they come so near,
ceiling of his apartment, like a bird-cage. He also many, and the yet remoter wilds of Scandinavia; and
And not at Number One !
bargained with the managers of the Charity Work. the genius of our countrymen, sombre and pensive, “ Miss Bell, I hear, has got a dear
house for a grave in the Canongate Churchyard, to still savours of the primeval forests whence issued the
Exactly to her mind,
which they were bound to convey bim in a hearse founders of their lineage. Their fancy crowns not By sitting at the window pane
with four mourning-coaches ; and there he accor. death with roses, nor strives to subdue his sternness
Without a bit of blind;
dingly erected an anticipatory monument, bearing the into a smile, as is attempted, and not without success,
But I go in the balcony,
words :in Père-la-Chaise. There, not a skull, nor a bone, Which she has never done,
Died aor the image of one, is to be seen Death's hollow
Yet arts that thrive at Number Fire
Be not curious to know how I lived,
But rather how yourself should die. fallen chaps and flushed them with roses-that he
And plenty passing by
But this churchyard being frequently open, the mo. smiles and smiles, and knows himself not. The Teu.
There's nice young men at Number Ten,
nument in time was much damaged by boys, and tonic imagination, on the contrary, invests him with
But only rather shy;
Prentice thought proper to remove it to the secluded
And Mrs Smith across the way a gloom deeper than his own, and solaces itself by
old cemetery at Restalrig, where, at his death, January
Has got a grown-up son, adding to his terrors.
25, 1788, he was interred in the manner contracted But la! he hardly seems to know
There is a Number One!
* Mr George Robertson, an useful topographical and genealo But he's intent on pell;
gical writer, recently deceased, says, in his Rural Recollections It courts him in the aisles of cathedrals, in vaults
(Irvine, 1829), “The earliest evidence that I have met of potatoes where the cheerful day is a stranger all too wan.
And, though he's pious, will not love
in Scotland, is an old household book of the Eglintoune family ia His neighbour as himself.
1733, in which they appear at different times as a dish at supper. son for admission. It conjures him up in all his At Number Seven there was a sala blackness; and to divest him of his thick clouds and
The goods had quite a run! dark, were to rob him of his dignity, and forfeit the And here I've got iny single lot
Sir Walter Scott.–Soon after his arrival at pleasing horror which the contemplation of him in.
On hand at Number One !
Naples, Sir Walter went with his physician and one spires. Superstition is feeble among the Parisians, “ My mother osten sits at work,
or two friends to the great museum. It happened and religion still feebler. Their temperament is equal,
Aad talks of props and stays,
that on the same day a large collection of students and their sensibility small, their vivacity excessive: they And what a comfort I shall be
Italian literati were assembled, in one of the rooms, laugh much-a" passion hateful" to the poet as to
In her declining days !
to discuss some newly discovered manuscripts. It the pietist : they are uniquely and ardently occupied The very maids about the house
was soon known that the “ Wizard of the Norib" was with the present, they look not forward to wbat is to
Have set me down a nun
there, and a deputation was sent immediately to recome, and make haste to forget what is past. Rever.
The sweethearts all belong to them
quest him to honour them by presiding at their session. ence for antiquity they have none; the organ of
That call at Number One!
At this time Scott was a wreck, with a memory that veneration I take to be very little, if at all, developed “Once only, when the flue took fire,
retained nothing for a moment, and limbs almost as among them; and the anxious foresight that would
One Friday afternoon,
helpless as an infant's. He was dragging about among penetrate the mystery even of death and the grave, is Young Mr Long came kindly in,
the relics of Pompeii, taking no interest in any thing precluded by a ihoughtless and reckless disposition.
And told me not to swoon.
he saw, when their request was made known to him * Hang sorrow, care killed a cat"_such, in homely
Why can't he come again without
through his physician. “No, no," said he, “ I know
The Phænix and the Sun ? phrase, is their motto; tight, whole, and sound, they
nothing of their lingo. Tell them that I am not well
We cannot always have a fluo are ever ready, ever on the qui vive. The tear,
enough to come." He loitered on, and in about half
On fire at Number One! if it spring, is chased by the laugh that hurries
an hour after, he turned to Dr H. and said, “who after; and spleen and hate, and care and forethought,
“I am not old! I am not plain I
was that you said wanted to see me?" The doctor are alike forgotten in the ardour of pursuit, or
Nor awkward in my gait !
,” said he ; "they shall see me if drowned in the uproar of merriment. Let the Eng
I am not crooked like the bride
they wish it;" and against the advice of his friends,
That went from Number Eight! lish attempt no pretty funeral garden in the vicinity
who feared it would be too much for bis strength, he
I'm sure white satin made her look of London. What would it be but a miserable
mounted the staircase, and made his appearance at
As brown as any bun! account of dripping shrubs and moss-grown walks,
the door. A burst of enthusiastic cheers welcomed
But even beauty has no chance, edged with dank grass ; rows of square slabs bear.
bim on the threshold ; and, forming in two lines, many
I think, at Number One! ing stonecutter formulas by way of inscription, with
of them on their knees, they seized his hands as he
" At Number Six, they say, Miss Rose large provision of deaths' heads and thigh.bones ;
passed, kissed them, thanked him in their passionate
Has slain a score of hearts, and here and there a heavy sarcophagus, garnished
And Cupid, for her sake, has been
language for the delight with which he had filled the with a coat of arms supported by blubbering cherubs ;
world, and placed him in the chair with the most fer.
Quite prodigal of darts. the whole reflecting neither the sentimental elegance
The imp they show with bended bowo.
vent expressions of gratitude for his condescension. of the French, nor the simple gravity of the English
I wish he had a gun!
The discussion went on, but not understanding a sylcharacter ? Were they who execute what should be But if he had, he'd never deign
lable of the language, Scott was soon wearied, and his the will of the British people, inspired with the senti.
To shoot with Number One!
friends observing it, pleaded the state of his health a ment of greatness which belongs to the nation, they
“ It's very hard ! and so it is,
an apology, and he rose to take his leave. These en would attempt no parody of Parisian elegancies, but
To live in such a row !
thusiastic children of the south crowded once more accomplish something more in unison with the cha.
And here's a ballad-singer come
around him, and with exclamations of affection and racter, and on a scale more proportioned to the extent
To aggravate my woe :
even tears, kissed his hands once more, assisted his of the great city whose dead were to find there an O take away your foolish song
tottering steps, and sent after him a confused murmur adequate repository. On the east of the British me.
And tones enough to stun
of blessings as the door closed on his retiring for tropolis, or more near east by south, rises an eminence There is ‘nae luck about the house,'
It is described as the most affecting scene he had ever bearing on its shoulders a plain of wide extent; the
I know, at Number One ?"
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Price Three HalfPENCE.
THE OLD HAT,
to be a householder, or possess a passport, or, in short, at peace till I had seen you. May heaven bless you A THIRD TALE OF THE TABLE D'HÔTE. be a respectable character. This, you see, must tend and your children for the service you rendered me !" In the course of my rambles through the narrow vastly to limit pawning, and act as a considerable pre. “I congratulate myself,” said the count, “in having streets of Paris, I was occasionally amused with ventive of pocket-picking, and other kinds of theft.-been of use to such an honest man. I confess I never the oddity of the signs over the doors and passages, Speaking of these matters,” continued the Englishman, expected to see my money again, and indeed I meant though I daresay they are not more remarkable for you have brought to my remembrance a story, which it as a gift.” grotesqueness of expression than those of our own is, in some degree, illustrative of the system carried on “I know nothing about that, Monsieur,” replied the country. The chief peculiarity of the French signs at these Monts.de. Piété, and I will relate it to you, if peasant, “ for I never in my life received any money seems to be an affected solemnity—a use of big or fine you have no objections, just as I heard it at the salon without leaving a pledge for it. I have never done words to express very mean ideas. There was a sign of the Marchioness de Rivol.” I instantly replied that any thing for you, but you have done much for me in of this description which puzzled me for several days I should be most happy to hear any thing he could lending what I stood so much in need of: take it, in Paris. I could make nothing of it. I observed tell me—a sentiment responded to by two or three gen. Monsieur, I entreat you.” that it was usually painted on a lantern hanging over tlemen who sat on the opposite side of the table- “No, no, it belongs neither to you nor to me; do the entrance to common stairs. The words were and our chatty companion forthwith commenced the me the favour to buy something for your children with Mont-de-Piété-which literally signify the mountain following little tale, which I give, as nearly as I can it, and present it to them from me.” “You are very of piety. It was clear, however, that this could not remember, in the words in which it was spoken. kind, Monsieur, and it would be rude in me to refuse be the meaning of the words ; neither was it likely,
One day-it was a number of years ago-a peasant you." "Well, then, the thing is settled,” said the considering the situation and appearance of the places, entered a Mont-de-Piété, situated in the Place de count ; "but pray explain one thing, wbich has ex. that they referred to any establishment of a religious Blancs-Manteau, and pulling his hat from his head, cited my curiosity: How could you in conscience have nature. As my pocket-dictionary was silent on the he laid it on the counter, begging that the pawn. the effrontery to ask six francs on a hat not worth six subject, I at last took the liberty of inquiring for a broker would lend him sis francs—that is, about five
sous ?" translation from a gentleman who sat beside me at the shillings-on it. “Six francs !” exclaimed the pawn.
“ It is worth all that money to me," replied the table d'hôte.
broker ; "do you take me for a fool ? Why, I would peasant. “ How is that, my friend ?” “I will tell The gentleman to whom I applied on this occasion not lend you a sous on such an old worn-out thing." you its history, Monsieur. Some years since, the was an Englishman belonging to the higher orders of “Old and worn-out as it is,” replied the bumble ap only son of the lord of our village, while skating on society, who had chosen to reside for several years in plicant, “I would not part with it for twenty gold the ice, fell, and slipped under it into the water. I Paris, where he mingled, as I was informed, in the Louis, although at this moment I stand much in need chanced to be at work near the bank. I heard the best circles ; and for the purpose of seeing new faces of the money. Listen to what I have to say: Eight cries of the child, and, running to the spot, threw and hearing gossiping news from England, he very days since I sold some corn, and I expected to receive myself into the water, and was fortunate enough to frequently attended the table d’hôte of the hotel at the payment this morning, with which I thought to save him. I carried him home to his father, who was which I happened to take up my quarters. In his have settled my taxes, and if I do not, my furni. not ungrateful for this service. He gave me a piece manners he was affable and agreeable, besides being ture and other moveables will be seized ; most unfor- of ground to build a cottage on, which he furnished ; exceedingly communicative regarding Parisian man- tunately, I cannot get my money from my debtor ; he but this was not all: as I had lost my hat in the wa. ners and usages, and therefore I could not have ap. is burying his son to-day; his wife is ill from grief, and ter, he took his own from his head, and put it upon plied to a more promising source of information. they cannot pay for a week. As I have often dealt mine, saying, he wished he could place a crown there;
“Why, my dear sir,” said be in answer to my in with you, and you know me to be an honest man, I so you see, Monsieur, I have good cause to love my terrogatory, “Mont-de-Piété, although a high enough thought you would make no difficulty in lending me
hat. I never put it on when I go to work in the fields; sounding phrase, means neither more nor less than what I stand so much in need of; it is but a trifle to for although he is dead, every thing reminds me of pawnbroking establishment. It has somehow got the you, but it will be a great blessing to me. At all my benefactor—my wife, my children, my cottage, my idea of piety attached to it, from the profits being de events, here is my hat, which will answer for me; it garden—all bring him to my recollection : but when voted to the benefit of certain hospitals. There is one is a better pledge than you suppose.” At this the 1 go to town, I always take my hat with me, that I great Mont-de-Piété in Paris which possesses the ex. pawnbroker only laughed, shrugged his shoulders, and may have something with me that belonged to bim. clusive privilege of lending money on moveable arti- without pity turned his back on the applicant. The I am only sorry now it is so much the worse for the cles, and all the other Monts are only subordinate to Count de Larron, who happened to be in the shop wear ; look how it is going : but as long as one bit it.” “ This,” I replied, " appears to me to be a most at the time looking at some old pictures which were
hangs to another, it shall be without price in my eyes.” improper kind of monopoly—but perhaps, in practice, shortly to be put up to auction and sold among the The count was much affected by this simple tale, it has nothing injurious about it—is it understood unredeemed pledges, and who had listened to the con. and taking from his pocketbook a card with his ad. that the persons who are appointed to superintend the versation of the peasant, struck with his frank and dress, he gave it to the peasant, saying, “ There, my taking of pledges, are kind and considerate in their open countenance, approached, and putting six francs honest friend, I must leave now; but you have my dealings that is to say, do they attempt to discrimi-into his hand, said, “There, my friend, is the sum address; come and see me to-morrow morning." date between the really unfortunate and well-mean- you require; since no one seems willing to obligo you, The peasant was faithful to his appointment. The ing and the reckless improvident ?” “Oh, as for I shall have that pleasure.” So saying, he quitted the moment he entered, the count took his hand, and said, that, I believe there is no such tenderness—no such establishment, and was out of sight before the peasant “My good friend, you have not only saved the life of discrimination. The whole affair is a matter of busi- bad recovered from his surprise.
an only son, but you have rendered me a very great ness.
There are certain laws for protecting both the About a month after this, as the count was driving service, by making me think favourably of mankind, lender and pledger, as in England, and from these re. across the bridge called the Pont Neuf, he heard a and by proving to me that there are still in the world gulations there is no departure. I believe, that, on voice calling to the coachman to stop. On this, the hearts full of gratitude and honesty. As long as your the whole, pledgers are better off, as regards terms, count put his head out of the window, and saw a man hat can go honourably adorn your head, I do not ask than they are in Great Britain. The administration running at full speed to overtake them. He pulled you to replace it with another ; but when you can no of the Monts-de-Piété are bound to give four-fifths of the check-string, and the carriage stopped just at the longer wear that of your kind benefactor, I request the value of gold and silver articles, and two-thirds of moment their pursuer, quite out of breath, reached that you will accept of mine; and every year on this the value of all other effects.” “These seem to be ex. them, exclaiming,
day, you will find another ready for you.” This was ceedingly liberal terms,” said I; “why, at such a “Excuse me, Monsieur, excuse me; but I am quite the delicate mode the count took to save the honest rate, I should expect that at least one-half of all the out of breath in trying to overtake you. Was it not pride of the worthy peasant; for he was well aware moveables in Paris would be continually in pawn." you, Monsieur, who, about a month ago, slipped six that one should always endeavour to preserve the “A stranger would naturally think 80,” replied my francs into my hand in a pawnbroker's shop?" "Yes, self-esteem of those they oblige. informant; “but many causes conspire to prevent such my friend, I remember it perfectly well."
After having gained the confidence of the peasant, a calamity. In the first place, the people, thoughtless “Very well, Monsieur, here is the money which the count next took on himself the task of putting as they may be, are not abandoned to the horrid vice you lent me. You did not give me time to thank this good family in comfort, whom a train of mise of dram-drinking, which works such deplorable re- you, or to ask your name and where you lived, and fortunes bad almost brought to ruin : and it was difsults in Great Britain-bence there is little pawning the pawnbroker did not know you, and I have been cult to decide which enjoyed the greatest happiness for the sake of drink; and in the second place, no one here every Sunday to try and find you. I am happy-he in bestowing his benefits, or they in testifying is at liberty to offer a pledge unless he or she be known l I have met you at last, for I never should have been i sheir affection and gratitude for his gifts.
regular versification of that period, but is quoted by dred guineas' value, if he would gratify the company.
But he, sensible that the song in some parts would
not bear minute investigation before the company SCOTTISH song differs essentially from the English.
And frost and snaw on ilka hill,
then around him, put them off with an old proverb. As already pointed out, the vocal poetry of the latter And Boreas, wi' his blasts sae bauld,
A verse or two of this strange ditty may be inserted. Was threat'nin' a' our kye to kill :
Fy, let us a' to the bridal, people is exclusively the composition of well-known
Then Bell, my wife, who lo'es na strife,
For there'll be liltin' there; literary men, who rather aimed at a description of the
Sbe said to me richt hastilie,
Por Jock's to be married to Maggie, feelings of others, than of their own, and whose verses
Get up, gudeman, save Crummie's life,
The lass wi' the gowden hair. have subsequently been set to airs by well-known
And tak your auld cloak about ye. composers. In Scotland, on the contrary, there has My Crummie is a usefu'cow,
And there'll be Sandy the souter, existed from time immemorial a body of unstudied
And she is come of a good kin';
And Will wi' the mickle mou';
And there'll be Tam the bluter, melodies, mirthful and plaintive, and a corresponding
And I am laith that she should tyne ;
And Andrew the tinkler, I trow. body of song, the origin of which no one can trace :
Get up, gudeman, it is fu' time,
And there'll be bow-leggit Robbie, the whole, apparently, have sprung up, as flowers
The sun shines frae the lift sae hie;
Wi' tboomless Katie's gudeman; into the sward, or stars into the sky—unobserved Sloth never made a gracious end;
And there'll be blue cheekic Dobie, unchronicled-but yet there to remain for the solace
Gae, tak your auld cloak about ye.
And Lowrie tbe laird o' the land. ment of the senses and sentiments of men.
And there'll be gude lapper-milk kebbucks,
When it was fitting for my wear; fine an emanation of the popular intellect should be
And sowens, and farles, and baps,
And swats and scrapit painehes, found in Scotland, and not among the Jales of merry
For I have worn't this thretty year :
And brandy in stoups and in caups; England, we cannot tell. Some might attribute it Let's spend the gear that we hae won,
And there'll be meal-kail and castocks, partly to the more pastoral character of the former
We little ken the day we'll die ;
Wi' skink to sup till ye ryve; country-for, somehow, shepherds and poetry are
Then I'll be proud, since I have sworn
And roasts to roast on a brander,
O’ Aeuks that were taken alive. ideas which always go hand-in-band together; others
In days when our King Robert rang, speak of the better education of the common people of
Scraped haddocks, wilks, dulse and tangle,
His trews they cost but half a croun;
And a mill o'gude sneeshin' to prie;
When weary wi' eatin' and drinkin', he could not explain, that all the races which contain
And ca'd the tailor thief and loon :
We'll rise up and dance till we die. any large admixture of the ancient British or Celtic He was the king that wore a croun,
And thou the man of laigh degree;
The serious songs are quite as remarkable for ten. blood, have national poetry and music, while the de.
It's pride puts a' the country doun ;
derness and melancholy, as the others are for their scendants of the Saxons possess nothing of the kind.
Sae tak thy auld cloak about ye.
grotesque whimsicality. “The airs,” according to We suspect these mysteries to be deeper than is
Ilka land has its ain lauch,
the description of William Tytler, “ are extremely dreamt of by either antiquaries or metaphysicians.
Ilk kind o' corn has its ain hool;
simple and void of all art, generally consisting of only Enougb, in the meantime, that they exist.
I think the world is a' gane wrang,
one measure. They must have been composed for a When ilka wife her man wad rule :
very simple instrument, such, perhaps, as the shep. The popular songs and melodies of Scotland first
Do ye no see Rob, Jock, and Hab,
herd's pipe, of few notes, and the plain diatonic scale, began to attract the attention of the more refined part
As they are girded gallantlie,
without using the semitones or sharps and flats. What of the community, about the end of the seventeenth While I sit hurklin i' the asse?
makes our old melodies soothing and affecting to a century. Ladies and gentlemen, in Scotland as weil
I'll hae a new cloak about me.
high degree, is a constant use of the concordant tones,
the third and fifth of the scale, often ending on the as in England, bad, before that time, regarded both Gudeman, I wat it's thretty year
fifth, and some of them on the sixth, of the scale." as suited exclusively to the taste of the common peo
Sin' we did ape anither ken;
Several of these melodies appear, indeed, to have been
And we hae had atween us twa ple, and were accustomed to seek enjoyment from the
composed for ballads, or narrative songs, which usu.
Of lads and bonny lasses ten : more complicated and refined, though comparatively
ally require but music for a stanza of four lines. The Now they are women grown and men,
most remarkable instances are “Cowdenknowes" and spiritless, music of the fashionable composers of the day.
I wish and pray weel may they be ;
“The Ewe-buchts,” the latter of which, both in reIn the reign of Charles II., we first find traces of a re. If you would prove a gude husband,
spect of words and air, is the very perfection of pas. lish in the higher circles for those simple strains which
E’en tak your auld cloak about ye.
toral simplicity and modest youthful affectionhad hitherto cheered the rustic fireside; and songs in
Now, Bell, my wife, she loes na strife,
Will ye go to the ewe-buchts, Marion, the Scottish manner, as it was called, began to be pre
And, to maintain an easy lise,
And weire in the sheep wi' me ? sented on the English stage. Several persons of dis
I aft maun yield, though I'm gudeman :
The sun shines sweet, my Marion, tinction in Scotland attempted, about the same time, Nocht's to be gain'd at woman's hand,
But he shines na sae sweet as thee. to contribute to the treasures possessed by the humbler
Unless ye gie her a' the plea;
O Marion 's a bonnie lass, classes ; a proof that those treasures were no longer
Then I'll leave aff where I began,
And the blythe blink 's in her ee;
And fain wad I marry Marion,
Gin Marion wad marry me. in a condition by no means so well entitled to regard expedition, is also worthy of quotation :
I've nine milk-ewes, my Marion, as it is at present. The melodies possessed the same
On his grey yaud as be did ride,
A cow and a brawny quey; grace as now, but much of the verse was very un. With durk and pistol by his side,
I'll gie them a' to my Marion, worthy of the music, being rude in form, and mean He prick'd her on with mickle pride,
Just on her bridal day.
With inickle mirth and glee ; and often indecent in ideas. Indeed, it is to be re
And ye’se get a green sey apron,
And waistcoat o' London brown; marked of Scottish song at all times down to the pre
Till he cam to her daddie's door.
And wow but we'se be vap'rin sent, that, while the music undergoes little progressive
With a fal, dal, &c.
When we gang to the town. improvement, the poetry is in a ceaseless process of mu- “ Todlin Hame" is one of the bacchanalian rants The Broom of the Cowdenknowes, as mentioned, tation, the old and the rude giving way to something of our forefathers, in the days when honest burgesses was originally the air of a ballad—one descriptive of better, and this again in time to something better still, got innocently muddled on twopenny ale: it used to be
an affair of gallantry, and not by any means worthy till at length, perhaps, words really worthy of the di- sung with such effect by an Edinburgh, writer of the of such divine strains. The pastoral song to which
last century, that his boon companions had him the air was afterwards adapted, is less romantically vine airs are obtained. In the age during which our
painted in the appropriate attitude which he always but more simply beautiful than the Ewe-buchts. popular melodies first attracted the attention of polite assumed in correspondence with the first line
How blythe was I, ilk morn, to see circles, a great portion of the old poetry was ex. When I hae a saxpence under my thoom,
My swain come over the hill! changed for new, chiefly by persons of birth and edu. Then I get credit in ilka toun; cation; and, contrary to what might have been ex. But when I am puir, they bid me gae by;
He skipt the burn, and flew to me,
I met him with good will. Oh, poverty parts gude company ! pected, the alteration was generally an improvement.
Todlin but, and todlin ben,
Oh the broom, the bonnie, bonnie broom,
The broom o' the Cowdenknoves ! Owing to the traditionary character which both the It's time eneuch yet to gang todlin hame !
I wish I were with my dear lad, airs and songs maintained down to the commencement Fair fa' the gudewife, and send her gude sale !
With his pipe and my ewes.
I wanted neither ewe nor lamb,
While his flock near me lay; conjectured from their primitive and simple character,
Todlin but, and todlin ben,
He gathered in my sheep at night, and from the fact of their having been then found fa
As round as a neep we'll gae todlin hame!
And cheered me a' the day. miliarised to the universal people, that they were of One of the most bumorous of all the old Scottish
He tuned his pipe, and played sae sweet, date much earlier than the time referred to. In the songs is one entitled “ The Blythsome Bridal," which
The birds stood listening by ; Tea-Table Miscellany, published by Allan Ramsay would appear to bave been written by Sir William
Even the dull cattle stood and gaxed
Charmed with the melody. in 1724, about twenty of the old songs were printed, Scott of Thirlstain, ancestor at four removes of the probably for the first time ; and in a work called Or- late Lord Napier, and who died in 1725, after having The Cowdenknowes have been celebrated in several
figured for many years as a man of wit and convivia. other songs, though in none of equal tenderness. pheus Caledonius, published in London in the ensu.
lity, and as a writer of Latin verse, some specimens They are two bills of unequal height in the sale of ing year, a number of the airs were for the first time of which were published by Ruddiman. Lord Napier the Leader, near Earlston, but are now entirely ditaken down. These songs and airs were of two dis- had been assured by his father and grandfather that vested of the “lang yellow broom” which once cotinct kinds, the merry and the plaintive, each in the Sir William wrote this song, and James Hogg relates vered them, and which is said to have been so luxu. extreme of the character. While, of the merry songs,
a curious traditionary anecdote connected with the riant, that a man on burseback might pass through it
circumstance. however, many were old, most of the plaintive and private assembly in London, with very little effect
The author sang it once in a large without being visible.
The fine song of "Waly, Waly," relates to an aftender were of the renovated kind already alluded to. upon the general audience, who could understand | fecting tragical circumstance in the Scottish peerage.
of these humorous old songs, we do not scruple to little of its vernacular drolleries, but to the infinite Lady Barbara Erskine, daughter of John ninth Earl of say that the humour is as good as that of any class of amusement of three Scottish noblemen, who laughed Marr, and grand-niece to the hero of the above song,
was married, in 1670, to James, second Marquis of compositions in existence. We would instance « Tak immoderately. The author was requested to sing it
once more, but positively refused, when several nobles, Douglas, but was soon rendered miserable, in conse. your auld cloak about ye,” a composition, probably, calculating upon the cupidity of the Scotch, went up quence of a plot by a disappointed lover tó awaken a of the sixteenth century, as it not only exhibits the and formally offered him a present of plate to a bun. I causeless jealousy in the bosom of her husband. This
base design having taken effect, her ladyship was when Velasquez, too late convinced of the impru. | as supernatural beings, and paid to Cortez, whom they taken away from her husband's house, immediately dence of his choice, made an attempt to recall him, believed to be the child of the sun, the most submisafter recovering from the birth of her first child, in which Cortez openly
disregarded. He thus entered sive reverence.
The first care of Cortez was to fortify himself in not be thus wronged without exciting the compassion upon his task in the disadvantageous character of a the palace assigned for his residence. His sole study of the muse, and accordingly a ballad was composed, rebel against authority, and without any hope, even was to contrive the means by which he might make in which the lady was made to relate the whole of the of life, except in the success of his expedition. himself master of this opulent empire. An event, circumstances. The first verses of this composition
On the 2d of April 1519, he disembarked his troops however, had occurred which threatened to disconcert have latterly been detached, as a song, and certainly at a natural harbour, to which he gave the
name of his ambitious plans A Mexican general, acting by breathe the very soul of pathos.
St Juan de Uloa. The Indians surveyed their strange feeble garrison left at Vera Cruz; and, although finally Oh, waly, waly, up yon bank, And waly, waly, down yon brae,
visitors with fear and wonder : the size of the ships, repulsed, had killed some of the Spaniards, and taken And waly, waly, yon burn-side,
the thunder of the artillery, and, above all, the strength one prisoner. This unfortunate captive was put to Where I and my love wont to gae !
and swiftness of the horses, filled them with amaze.death, and his head sent round to all the chief cities I leant my back unto an aik, ment, and led them to regard the Spaniards with a
of the empire, in order to convince the people that I thought it was a trusty tree;
their invaders, bowever formidable, were yet not imBut first it bowed, and syne it brak; superstitious awe, of which the latter were not slow
mortal. The superstitious dread with which the And sae did my fanse love to me.
to take advantage. Cortez soon learned that the Spaniards had inspired the natives, and which was O waly, waly, love is bonnie,
country in which he had arrived formed part of the the foundation of their power, was thus threatened A little time, while it is new;
dominions of Montezuma, whose extensive empire with subversion. The spell once broken, hy which But when it's auld, it waxes cauld, stretched from sea to sea, and embraced the territories notwithstanding all the advantages of arms and dis
they maintained their ascendant, they must soon sink, And fades away like morning dew.
of thirty powerful caciques. The Spaniards insisted cipline, beneath the overwhelming numbers of their O wherefore should I busk my head,
on being conducted to the presence of the Indian enraged enemies. Or wherefore should I kame my hair? prince ; but the prudence or boding apprehensions of his situation, and whose spirit was as bold as it was
Cortez, whose eyes were fully open to the dangers For my true love has me forsonk, And says he'll never love me mair.
of the Mexicans were opposed to such a step: every vigilant, resolved to prevent all the dangers of his teNow Arthur's Seat shall be my bed,
argument was enforced, every art employed, that was merity by an act still more daring than any which he The sheets shall ne'er be press'd by me,
thonght likely to divert Cortez from his design. Rich had as yet committed, and to decide the fate of Mexico St Anton's Well shall be my drink,
presents were sent to him from the court, consisting before the people had learned generally to suspect his Since my true love's forsaken me. of finely wrought utensils of gold and silver, cotton
weakness. He proceeded, accompanied by his officers, Martinmas wind, when wilt thou blaw, stuffs, and pictures formed of feathers; and as they proved fruitless, prevailed on that unhappy prince, by
to the palace of Montezuma, and when persuasions And shake the green leaves aff the tree ? O, gentle death, when wilt thou come ?
offered a tempting evidence of the wealth and civili. threats and menaces, to accompany him to the quarFor of my life I am wearie.
sation of the country, the effect produced by them on ters of the Spaniards. When once master of the Tis not the frost that freezes fell,
the deliberations of the Spaniards was directly the monarch's person, he in reality possessed all the an. Nor blawing snaw's inclemencie;
contrary of that which was intended. The heroic thority of government. The Mexican general who 'Tis not sic canld that makes me cry:
Cortez, undaunted by the accounts which he received had attacked the Spaniards was delivered up to his But my love's heart's grown cauld to me.
vengeance, and cruelly sentenced to be burned alive. of the power and character of Montezuma, who ruled The Spanish conqueror was aware what a tendency When we came in by Glasgow toun, We were a comely sicht to see ;
with despotic sway a rich and populous empire, now scenes of blood have to fortify the impressions of sua My love was clad in the black velvet,
consolidated by a political existence of a hundred and perstition ; and his poliey condemned to the most And I mysell in cramasie.
thirty years, and who was able to lead into the field signal punishment those who had thrown a doubt on But bad I wist, before I wed, an army of two hundred thousand men, resolved to loaded, for a time, with chains, and compelled to ac
the inviolability of the Spaniards. Montezuma was That love had been sae ill to win,
meet all dangers rather than relinquish so glorious a knowledge himself the vassal of the Emperor Charles I'd lock'd my heart in a case of gold,
prize, and to attempt at once a conquest worthy of his v. To this forced submission he was obliged to add And pinn'd it wi' a siller pin. Oh, oh! if my young babe were born, daring ambition.
a present of six hundred thousand marks of pure gold, And set upon the nurse's knee,
In order that his command might have some colour besides a great quantity of jewels. But the oppressed And I myself were dead and gane, of regularity, he founded the town of Vera Cruz, and could not be induced to change his religion, notwith
prince, while thus stripping himself of his power, And the green grass growing over me! caused some of his officers to assume the character of standing all the pious exhortations of the formidable This ill-starred lady died early, and her son, Lord - Spanish corporation, and, in that capacity, to confer Cortez. The Spaniards, however, put a stop to the Angus, who had raised and taken the command of the upon him powers for prosecuting the war." He then abominable rites of human sacrifice ; and for the piles celebrated Cameronian regiment, fell at the battle of burned all his ships, in order that his followers might tuted the images of the saints and of the holy Virgin. Steinkirk, in 1692. The marquis, by a second wife, have no alternative but conquest or destruction ; and The triumph of Cortez now seemed secure, when he Douglas, whose son, Lord Douglas, was the cause of engaged in bis interest some of the Indian caciques learned, on a sudden, that a Spanish army had disthe famous law.plea, and died so lately as 1827. It who were dissatisfied with the violent and arbitrary embarked under the command of Narvaez, sent by is curious to find that a gentleman so recently deceased temper of Montezuma. These measures being taken, Velasquez for the purpose of stripping
him of his aushould have been the grandson of a gentleman mar. he commenced his march into the interior, with a
thority. He encountered this new difficulty with his ried in 1670.
usual promptitude and boldness. Leaving two hun. little army of five hundred men, six cannons, and fif- dred men in Mexico, under the orders of his lieute.
teen horses. The inhabitants of Tlascala, a sort of nant, he led the remainder of his forces with the BIOGRAPHIC SKETCHES. independent repnblic, alone offered him any resistance. greatest possible expedition against Narvaez. Some That fierce tribe, who had successfully defied all the efforts which he made to gain over that commander
were treated with disdain; but he was not so unsuccess. This enterprising and energetic person, whose con.
efforts of the Mexicans to subdue them, were now ful with some of the inferior officers. He was, never. quest of Mexico added to the history of mankind one completely defeated in three successive battles by a theless, only able to bring about two hundred and fifty of its most wonderful and exciting chapters, was born bandful of Spaniards, who did not even purchase their men, aided by a few Indians, against eight hundred in 1485, at Medelin, in Estremadura, of a noble but victories over greatly superior numbers by any loss foot soldiers and four-score horse, commanded by his not wealthy family. Being intended for the bar, he on their side. The brave Tlascalans were obliged to opponent. Making up by address what he wanted in
force, he made a rapid march against Narvaez, and received a good education ; but, as he grew up, the sue for peace, and from enemies cheerfully consented surprised him by night in the town of Zempoalla. extreme ardour of his temper disqualified him for all to become the allies of those whose irresistible valour His little army had penetrated almost to the headexcept the military profession, and he was only pre- they had experienced. Thus strengthened by a union quarters of Narvaez before any alarm was given, and vented by sickness from seeking employment in the with the people, whose ancient hostility to the Mexi. that general being wounded in the first encounter,
was dragged to the ground and instantly put in fet. wars then carried on in Italy. At the age of nineteen, cans was a pledge of their fidelity to him, Cortez con.
ters. Confounded by the suddenness of the attack, he proceeded to Hispaniola, then newly colonised by tinued his march to the capital of Montezuma. That the troops readily yielded to Cortez, and consented to bis countrymen, and being well received by the go- prince, afraid to oppose the Spaniards openly, sent serve under him. vernor Ovando, who was his relation, he soon began forward to acquaint them that they should be received In the meantime, Alvarado, whom he left in com. to attract attention. As he advanced in years, his in his dominions as friends. At Cholula, accordingly, mand at Mexico, had been sorely pressed by the people original impetuosity subsided into habits of persever they met with a gracious reception; but the suspicions for shaking off the thraldom imposed upon them by ing activity, and, in 1511, being employed by Velas- of Cortez were awakened by the warnings of his the Spaniards. He had further increased their hos. quez in the expedition to Cuba, he won the esteem of Tlascalan friends : he seized the Mexican priests, and tility by a needless act of severity, and, if Cortez had that officer by his application to business. This paved drew from them the confession, that preparations were
not marched back immediately to his rescue, his party
must have been destroyed. On concentrating his the way for his being selected to take the command making in secret to exterminate him and all his fol.
forces in the capital, Cortez conceived himself so suof a small armament which was fitted out in 1518, for lowers. The Spaniards, enraged at this scheme of perior to every effort of the Mexicans, that he no the conquest of New Spain or Mexico, then just dis. treachery, took ample vengeance on the city: six longer was at pains to soothe them. Being now concovered. In choosing Cortez, Velasquez was in some thousand Cholulans perished in the slaughter that vinced that their country had been basely made a measure guided by a consideration of his hitherto ensued ; and the Indians were no less confounded by spoil, and their emperor a prisoner, they rose in prosubordinate character, as a more elevated individual the discernment than by the strength and arms of digious force against the Spaniards, and, disregarding
the slaughter made in their ranks by the superior would, he supposed, be apt to act too much on his their strange invaders.
weapons of Europe, poured mass after mass upon the It soon appeared that he could not To the Spaniards, who were hardly less astonished Spanish quarters, which they very nearly carried. have made, for himself, a more unfortunate choice. at their own success than the simple people over whom For two days, the streets of Mexico were deluged
Cortez was no sooner entrusted with the commis. they triumphed, the view of the rich and boundless with the blood of these ill-armed multitudes, till the sion, than his native ambition and energy of character plain of Mexico, with its spacious lake, surrounded by but to bring forward the captive monarch to baranguo
Spaniards, fatigued with slaughter, found no resource began to be manifested. Having succeeded in gather populous towns, and the great capital itself, rising on them into peace. Even this expedient was found useing above six hundred men, many of whom were gen. an island near the shore, seemed to realise some vi- less, and Montezuma, wounded by the weapons of his tlemen adventurers, together with eighteen horses sion of romance or dream of the imagination. At subjects, died soon after of a broken heart. Cortex (then a most valuable property in the New World) every step they found new cause to admire the riches then resolved to retire from the city. In the dead of and a few pieces of artillery, he embarked, November of the country, and their own audacity. Montezuma night
, he led his forces in three divisions towards one
of the causeways which crossed the surrounding lake, 18, 1518, on board ten small ships, and proceeded to received them with studious pomp, and with every bearing a portable bridge of timber on which to cross wards the Mexican coast. He bad scarcely sailed, I manifestation of friendship. The people viewed them the breaches made by the Mexicans to intercept their