Зображення сторінки
PDF
ePub

upon him.

picious part of the forest-or if he be found with a timber, but squat himself down with his but, and upreared themselves around us, and on the many and dog pursuing a stricken deer–or if he be found carry there make good his territorial right. In the present the roighty events which had followed one another in ing a dead deer on his back-or lastly, if he be found day, the forest exhibits long open walks and spacious succession since they had first developed themselves bloody in the forest-he is, in all these cases, seizable, glades; here a beautiful secluded park surrounded by from the tiny acorns whence they had sprung; and though the fact of killing a deer cannot be proved tufted gnarled oaks, there a heathy spot, enjoying the wbilst thus indolently disposed, some of the leather

beams of the sun, and showing the ground covered coated citizens of these wilds, full of the pasture, would With regard to the woods of the forest, which were with wild and delicious strawberries, and other small sweep past us, scarcely deigning to throw a look of in. originally considered only

as they respected game, the lowly fruits, most refreshing to the traveller. In some quiry towards us. Again we would arise to wandet first officer under the lord-warden is the wood ward. | places there have been inclosures for cultivation, and whither fancy led us, striving to penetrate amid the It is his business, as his title denotes, to inspect the throughout the domain there are now several excel. | mysteries of the forest, and becoming more and more woods. He prevents waste, he sees that young trees lent highways, leading to and from the different towns perplexed at every step by the depth of its shades; are properly fenced, and he assigns timber for the and villages in the vicinity. The forest still possesses and anon, an increase of light before us would gradupayment of forest officere. This timber is sold by many noble deer, notwithstanding the excess of poach. ally disclose an embayed portion of the sea, surrounded auction at the court at Lyndhurst, and annuallý ing which bas prevailed. The account given by Gil. by magnificent oaks in all their splendour of head, and amounts to about seven hundred pounds, which is the pin and his illustrator, of the system of encroaching animated by the cheering operations of shipbuild. sum required. Besides the woodward, there is an and poaching, presents a curious view of the state of ing. In short, the variety and beauty of these forest officer with the title of purveyor, whose duty it is to affairs in the forest. There are multitudes of tres. scenes were so fascinating, that we forgot time, space, assign timber from the forest for the use of the navy. passers on every side, who build their little buts, and and position, and were nearly paying the forfeit of

One of the most noted officers of the forest in by. enclose their little gardens and patches of ground, our pleasure by spending the night beneath the shel. gone times was Henry Hastings, second son of the without leave or ceremony of any kind. The under: ter of some of the tangled chickets of these sylvan Earl of Huntingdon, and who exercised the vocation of keepers, who have constant orders to destroy all these wildernesses." keeper in the reigns of James and Charles I. Hastings enclosures, now and then assert the rights of the forest was not less celebrated as a sportsman than noted for by throwing down a fence; but it requires a legal

THE BRAIN ITS CONDITION IN EARLY his eccentricity of manners, which partook largely of process to throw down a house of which possession

LIFE. the humours of the old English squire. He was a man has been taken. The trespasser therefore bere, as on of low stature, but very strong and very active, of a other wastes, is careful to rear his cottage, and get (Being Extract Second from the Work of Dr Brigham.) ruddy complexion, with flaxen bair ; and his clothes into it as quickly as possible. I have known all the Since at first no organ is fully developed and prewere always of green cloth-a colour dedicated from materials of one of these habitations brought together pared for the powerful execution of its appropriate time immemorial to the dress of English foresters and the house built-covered in-the goods removed function, let us inquire at what time of life nature has hunters. His house was of the old fashion, in the a fire kindled—and the family in possession, during prepared the brain for the performance of the impor. midst of a large park, well stocked with deer, rabbits, the course of a moonlight night. Sometimes, indeed, tant office of manifesting the mind. and fish ponds. He had a long narrow bowling green where the trespass is inconsiderable, the possessor has Let us begin with the infant, and ascertain what is in it, and used to play with round sand-bowls. Here, been allowed to pay a five for his land in the court of the condition of its brain in early life. too, he had a banqueting room built like a stand in a Lyndhurst. But these trespasses are generally in the The brain of a new-born infant weighs about ten large tree. He kept all sorts of hounds, that ran buck, outskirts of the forest, or in the neighbourhood of ounces; that of an adult, generally, three pounds and fox, hare, otter, and badger; and had hawks of all some little hamlet. They are never suffered in the a half, apothecaries' weight, frequendy a liale less kinds, buch long and short winged. His great hall interior parts, where no lands are alienated from the But if the mind of an adult has been long devoted to was commonly strewed with marrow.bones, and full crown, except in regular grants.

thought, if he has been engaged in constant study, bis of hawk-perches, hounds, spaniels, and terriers. The We have been informed that ins ances have occur. brain is usually increased beyond this weight. The upper end of it was hung with fux.skins of this and red of small wooden bouses having been secretly brain of Byron, for instance, is said to have weighed the last year's killing. Here and there a polecat was constructed in Southampton, and then actually trans- four pounds and a half; and that of the illustrious intermixed, and hunter's poles in great abundance. ported upon wheels during the night to some spot in Cuvier, four pounds thirteen ounces and a half. The The parlour was a large room, completely furnished the New Forest, where they were set down, occupied, size of this organ increases from the time of birth till in the same style. On a broad hearth, paved with and afterwards added to by degrees, the ground manhood, remains stationary from this period until brick, lay some of the choicest terriers, hounds, and around them being taken in from time to time as op, old age, and then diminishes in bulk and weight spaniels.' One or two of the great chairs bad litters portunity offered ; nay, we have even been assured the relative size of its different portions constantly of cats in them, which were not to be discurbed. Of that some of the most splendid residences in the forest varies during several of the first years of life, and it these three or four always attended him at dinner ; have bad no other origin.

is not until about the seventh year that all its parts and a little white wand lay by his trencher to defend The many advantages which the borderers on forests are formed. During childhood it is very soft, and it if they were too troublesome. In the windows, enjoy, such as rearing cattle and hogs, obtaining fuel even almost liquid uuder the finger, and its different which were very large, lay his arrows, crusg-bows, at an easy rate, and procuring little patches of land parts cannot be clearly distinguished. Still at this and other accoutrements. The corners of the room for the trouble of enclosing it, would add much, one time it is supplied with more blood, in proportion to were filled with his best bunting and hawking poles. should imagine, to the comfort of their lives. But in its size, than at any subsequent period. It then grows His oyster table stood at the lower end of the room, fact it is otherwise. These advantages procure them most rapidly, and more rapidly than any other organ: which was in constant use twice a day all the year not half the enjoyments of common day.labourers. its weight is nearly doubled at the end of the first six round; for he never failed to eat oysters both at din. In general, they are an indolent race, poor and months; and hence the nervous system, being con. ner aud supper, with which the neighbouring town of wretched in the extreme. Instead of having the re. nected with the brain, is early developed, and bePool supplied bim. At the upper end of the room gular returns of a week's labour to subsist on, too comes the predominating system in youth. At this stood a inall table with a double desk; one side of many of them depend on the precarious supply of period of life, however, which is devoted to the is. which held a church Bible, the other, the Book of forest piller. Their ostensible business is cominonly crease of the body, it is necessary that the nervous Martyrs. On different talles in the room lay hawks' to cut furze, and carry it to the neighbouring brick system should predominate ; for this system is the hoods, bells, old hals with their crowns thrust in, full kilns ; for which purpose they keep a team of two or source of all vital movement, and presides over, and of pleasant eggs, tables, dice, cards, and store of to. three forest horses; while their collateral support is gives energy to those actions which tend to the growth bacco pipes.

At oue end of this room was a door, deer-slealing, poaching, or purluining timber. Iu chis of the organisation. Besides, * Infancy,' says Bicbat, which opened into a closet, wbere stood bottles of last occupation they are said to bave been so expert, • is the age of sensation. As every thing is new to strong beer and wine, which never came out but in that in a night's time they would have cut down, the infant, every thing attracts its eyes, ears, nostrils, single glasses, which was the rule of the house, for he carried off, and lodged safely in the hands of some &c. That which to us is an object of indifference, is never exceeded himsell, nor permitted others to ex. receiver, one of the largest oaks of the forest. But the to it a source of pleasure. It was then necessary that ceed. Answering to this closet, was a door into an depredations which have been made in timber, along the nervous cerebral system should be adapted by its old chapel, which had been long disused for devotion; all the skirts of the forest, have rendered abis species early developement to the degree of action which it is but in the pulpit, as the safest place, was always to be of theft at present but an unprofitable employment then to have.' found a cold chine of beef, a venison pasty, a gammon In poaching and deer-stealing they often find their But this great and early developement, though ne. of bacon, or a great apple pie, with thick crust, well best account; in all the arts of which many of them cessary for the above purposes, very much increases baked. His table eost him not much, though it was are well practised. Froin their earliest youth they the liability to disease : it gives a tendency to convul. good to eat at. His sports eupplied all but beef and learn to set the trap and the gin for bares and phea. sions, and to inflammation and dropsy of the brain, mution ; except on Fridays, when he had the best of sants ; to ensnare deer by hanging hooks, baited with and to other diseases of the nervous system, which are tisb. He never wanted a London pudding; and be apples, from the boughs of trees; and (as they become most common and fatal in childhood. always sang it in with, “ My part lies cherein-a." bolder proficients) to watch the berd with fire-arms, It is therefore deeply important that the natural He drank a glass or two of wine at meals, put syrup and single out a fat bucks as be passes the place of action of the nervous system should not be much in. of gilly-flowers into his sack, and had always a tun. their concealment."

creased, either by too much exereise of the mind, or glass of small beer standing by him, which he often The whole of the roads through the New Forest are by too strong excitement of the feelings, lest at the stirred about with rosemary. This remarkable indi. delightful, and the rides aud drives they yield are same time the liability of children to nervous diseases vidual lived to be a bundred years of age, and never all sufficiently charming in themselves. But if one be increased, and such a predominance given to this lost his eyesight, nor used spectacles. He got on would

system as to make it always easily excited, and disa borseback without help, and rode to the death of the Find tongues in trees, books in the running brooks, posed to sympathise with disorder in any part of the stag till he was past fourscore.

Sermuns in stones, and good in every things

body ; thus generating a predisposition to hypochonIt is well known, from the history of England, that be must abjure the common every day path, and drive driasis and numerous afflicting nervous affections. the death of William Rufus (the son and successor of into the depths of the forest. The lover of beautiful Mental excitement increases the flow of blood to the the Conqueror, and wbo had been instrumental in woodland scenery will be delighted with that division head, and augments the size and power of the brain, planting and extending the forest) took place within of the forest which is confined by the Beaulieu river just as exercise of the limbs enlarges and strengthens she bounds of the New Forest, being shot by an ar. and the bay of Southampton. “It is now many years the muscles of the limbs exercised. The wonderful row from the bow of Sir Walter Tyrrel, who had since we tirst visited it (says Sir Thomas); but we powers of mind which an infant or child sometimes aimed at a stag as it passed along through the glade. have still a fresh recollection of the delights of that inanifests, and by which he surpasses ordinary chil. The spot on which this transaction occurred was, it day, when, baving left Yarmouth in the Isle of Wight dren, do not arise from better capacity in the mind seems, marked by an oak, which survived until some early in the morning, we were landed somewhere near itself of the child, but, in fact, from a greater en. time during last century. Before the stump was re

the mouth of the Lymington river, whence, without a largement than usual of some portion or the whole of moved, a stone was erected at the place by the late guide or companion of any kind, we set out to find the brain, by which the mind is sooner enabled to Lord Delaware, on which there is an appropriate in. our way instinctively, as it were, through the labıy- manifest its powers. This enlargement takes place scription commemorąjive of the event, and of the tree

rinths of the forest towards Beaulieu and the Souch, whether the mental precocity arises from too early and which bad formerly stud on the spot.

ampton river. Limbs which had been trained upon frequent exercise of the mind, or from disease, and it Aiter having been a royal bunting ground for cen. the Scottish mountains gave but little consideration must arise in one of these two ways. But, in my opie turies, the New Forest déclined into the character of to the fatigue occasioned by those continued deviations nion, mental precocity is generally a symptom of disa district of crown lands, from which a small revenue from the direct line which fancy prompted, or igno. ease; and hence those who exhibit it very frequendy is still derived. Notwithstanding the once rigorous rance of the localities betrayed us inco; our route, die young. This fact ought to be specially rememforest laws, and the continuance of an establishunent therefore, was of the most careless description, and we bered by parents, some of whom regard precocity, of rangers and keepers, the New Forest has been pru. gave ourselves entirely up to the luxurious enjoyment unless accompanied by visible disease, as a must gratia digiously iinpaired in respect of its wood, and en. of these solitudes amongst which we wandered. Some fying indication; and, on account of it, task the croached upon by settlers. It would appear to have times we seated ourselves under the shade of a wide memory and intellect of the child. Sometimes, how. been a sort of Nó man's-land, where every audacious spreading vak to listen in vaiu for sounds indicating life, ever, is is accompanied by visible deformity of the intruder might take his prey, not only of veuisou and I und poudering on the buge stems which every where head, and then the fears of parents are greatly awak. ened. Take, for instance, the disease known by the grown person, measuring twenty-eight inches in cir. be very greatly increased ; they can be made to per. name of rickets. Every person understands that this cumference. The lateral ventricles contained a great form their functions for a while with unusual facility is a disease of childhood, and, according to the best quantity of transparens serum, which had distended and power. Every employment in which men engage medical anthorities, it arises from the irritation or in. the brain to a very great degree, and produced much brings into relatively greater action particular parts of flammation of some organ, and frequently of the brain. of the enlargement of the head. The appearance of the system; some organs are constantly and actively Its most characteristic symptoms when it affects the all the parts of the brain it is not necessary to parti: exercised, wbile others are condemned to inactivity. brain, are an enlargement of the head, and premature cularise. Many parts, especially those at the base of To make, therefore, one organ superior to another in developement of the intellectual faculties. On examin. the brain, were healthy, and the small blood-vessels power, it is necessary not only to exercise it frequent. ing the heads of those who have died of this disease, were generally congested with blood.

ly, but to render other organs inaotive, so as not to the brain is found very voluminous, but ordinarily The following interesting account of this child's draw away from it that vital energy which it requires healtby. Meckel observes, that its mass is increased in mental and moral faculties was furnished by Dr J. K. in order to be made perfect. rickets' ; an effect gradually produced, without disor. | Mitchell, the family physician :-'When 15 months The important truth resulting from these facts, that ganisation of the brain by increased action in its blood old, the child spoke well, and at 18 months was able the more any part of the human system is exercised, vessels, and the consequent transmission to it of more to sing a variety of musical airs with tolerable correct the more it is enlarged, and its powers increased, apblood than usual. Being thus augmented in size, ness, and always exhibited a strong predilection for plies equally to all organs of the body; it applies to increased mental power is the consequence of this music. His intellectual faculties generally were very the brain as well as the muscles. I would have the augmentation. One of the most remarkable pheno- respectable, and his powers of observation rather re- parent, therefore, understand that his child may be mena in the second stage of rickets,' says M. Monfal. markable. But his memory, both of language and made to excel in almost any thing; that by increasing con,

is the precocious developement, and the energy sentiments, was such as to excite surprise in those the power of certain organs through exercise, he can of the intellectual faculties. Rickety children have who took pains to converse with him.

be made a prodigy of early mental or muscular acti. minds active and penetrating; their wit is astonish. Of a grave and quiet temperament, he preferred the vity. But I would have bim at the same time under ing; they are susceptible of lively passions, and have society of his seniors, and took little interest in the stand the conditions upon which this can be effected, perspicacity which does not belong to their age. Their common pastimes of childhood. Only sedate chil. and its consequences. I would have him fully aware brains enlarge in the same manner as the cravium dren were agreeable to him. Often advising others, that in each case, unusual activity and power is prodoes. He adds, this wonderful imagination, this he presented in his own conduct a fine exemplifica. duced by extraordinary developement of an organ; judgment, this premature mental power which rickets tion of his principles, being distinguished among the and especially that in early life no one organ of the occasion, has but a short duration. The intellectual children of the family and the school for love of truth body can be disproportionately exercised, without the faculties are soon exhausted by the precocity and and general sincerity of character. At length, even risk of most injurions consequences. Either the overenergy of this developement.'

while in full health and vigour, he spoke of death as excited and over-tasked organ itself will be injured I do not say or believe that cautious tasking of the a thing to be desired ; and when dying, expressed for life, or the developement of other and essential minds of young children will frequently cause this pleasure at the approaching crisis.

parts of the system will be arrested for ever. disease, but I believe there is great danger that it will The following, in my opinion, is the true explana. produce the same unnatural growth of the brain, and tion of the surprising mental powers exhibited by this will give rise to an exhibition of superior mental this boy :-Disease, or some other cause, irritated his

A TALE OF THE SIEGE OF NAMUR. power, and be followed, as in the case of rickets, by brain ; this irritation attracted more than an ordinary On the morning of the 30th August 1695, just as the permanent weakness, or loss of mental energy. That quantity of blood to the head, and thus excited, and sun began to tinge the dark and blood-stained battle. an increase of mental power results from other diseases unnaturally or prematurely developed, certain por. ments of Namur, a detachment of Mackay's Scottish besides rickets, which stimulate the brain, is evident tions of the brain; and just in proportion as these regiment made their rounds, relieving the last night. in many instances ; as in severs that affect the head, were developed, his mental powers were increased. sentinels, and placing those of the morning. As soon in inflammation of the brain, and insanity.

I have repeatedly seen cases very similar to the as the party returned to their quarters, and relaxed The memory sometimes receives a wonderful addi. above as to the symptoms, in connection with scrofulous from the formalities of military discipline, their leader, cion of power from an increased flow of blood to the diseases, and premature developement of the mind. I a tall muscular man, of about middle age, with a keen bead, caused by some slight irritation, or stimulation have seen several affecting and melancholy instances eye and manly features, though swarthy and emof the brain. Dr Abercrombie relates the case of a of children, five or six years of age, lingering awhile browned with toil, and wearing an expression but boy who was trepanned for a fracture of the skull at the with diseases from which those less gifted readily re- little akin to the gentle or the amiable, moved to an age of four. He was at the time in complete stupor, cover; and at last dying, notwithstanding the utmost angle of the bastion, and, leaning on his spontoon, and after his recovery retained no recollection of the efforts to restore them. During their sickness, they fixed an anxious gaze on the rising sun. operation. At the age of fifteen, during the delirium of constantly manifested a passion for books and mental While he remained in this position, he was ap. a fever, he gave a correct description of the operation, excitement, and were admired for the maturity of proached by another officer, who, slapping him and the persons that were present'at it, with their their minds. The chance for the recovery of such roughly on the shoulder, accosted him in these dress and other minute particulars. It is added, that precocious children, is in my opinion small, when at words —" What, Monteith ! are you in a musing he had never been heard to allude to it before, and tacked by disease. Their mental precocity results from mood ? Pray, let me have the benefit of your morn. no means are known by which he could have acquired an unnatural developement of one organ of the body, ing meditations." “ Sir!" said Monteith, turning a knowledge of the circumstances he mentioned. I at the expense of the constitution, as is thus explained hastily round; “Oh! 'tis yon, Keppel. What think have myself seen repeated instances of the increase of by two of the most celebrated men of the medical pro- you of this moruing ?” “Why, that it will be a glothe power of memory during delirium, paroxysms of fession. It is a fundamental law of the distribution rious day for some; and for you and me, I hope, fever, and other affections which determiued more of vital powers,' says Bichat, 'that when they are

among others. Do you know that the Elector of blood than usual to the head.

increased in one part, they are diminished in all the Bavaria purposes a general assault to-day?” “I Intoxication sometimes increases the energy of the rest of the living economy; that the sum is never might guess as much, from the preparations going on. Intellectual facul and revives the memory. Mr augme. led, but that they are necessarily transported Well, would it were to-morrow !” “Sure you are Combe mentions the case of a porter, who, in a state from one organ to another; and therefore to increase not afraid, Monteith ?" Afraid ! It is not worth of intoxication, left a parcel at a wrong house, and, the powers of one organ, it is absolutely necessary while to quarrel at present; but methinks you, Kep. when sober, could not recollect what he had done with they should be diminished in the others.'

pel, might have spared that word. There are not it. But the next time he became stimulated with It is thus that a child is made an intellectual pro. many men who might utter it and live.” Nay, I liquor, he recollected where he had left it. From such digy. The premature developement of mind is owing meant no offence : yet permit me to say, that your facts we learn that the varying states of the organi- to the premature developement of the brain, occasioned words and manner are strangely at variance with sation have a powerful influence upon the intellectual by undue excitement, and the robbing of other organs your usual bearing on a battle-morn.". and moral faculties ; and that to affect the mind be of their natural share of vital energy. But, as Dr “Perhaps so," replied Monteith ; "and, but that neficially, and to increase and perpetuate its energy, Johnson says, this is a 'truth little attended to by the your English prejudices will refuse assent, it might it is necessary to give constant attention to the agents world in general.' Most parents are ignorant of it, be accounted for. That sun will rise to-morrow with that act upon the body, and watch that they do not and are generally anxious for the early cultivation of equal power and splendour, gilding this earth's murky injure the mind by too much excitement of the phy. the minds of their children. To effect this object, vapours, but I shall not behold his glory.” “Now, sical system, nor prevent the proper developement of they are assisted by teachers, who undertake, with do tell me some soothful narrative of a second-sighted its powers, by too little ; for wine, and all other un. the aid of books, maps, machinery, and pictures, to seer,” said Keppel ; “I promise to do my best to benatural stimuli, though they may for a short time make children of only a few years of age understand lieve it. At any rate, I will not laugh outright, I quicken and give energy to the intellect, ultimately a vast many truths in chronology, history, geometry, assure you." "I fear not that. It is no matter to depress and enfeeble it; and on the other hand, long- and many other sciences ; to mature very rapidly their excite mirth ; and, in truth, I feel at present strangely continued low diet, and a want of sufficient nutriment understandings, and surprisingly quicken their rea. inclined to be communicative. Besides, I have a refor the body, debilitates the mind.

soning powers. And when a child from much instruc- quest to make ; and I may as well do something to I proceed to mention additional cases, to prove that tion, or from disease, has reached this superior mental | induce you to grant it.” « That I readily will, if ik mental power is increased by the action of the brain. condition, memoirs and anecdotes of bis life are pub my power,” replied Keppel. “So, proceed with your During an attack of delirium, many people have lished (for such children seldom live many years) for story, if you please.” “Listen attentively, then, and learned to read and write with great rapidity, but have the sake of instruction and example. Such publica- be at once my first and my last confidant. been unable to do either after their reason returned, tions have been extensively circulated; they have “ Shortly after the baitle of Bothwell Bridge, I and increased determination of blood to the brain had been greatly approved, and probably have had much joined the troop commanded by Irvine of Bonshaw; ceased. Another attack of insanity, however, revived influence with parents in the education of infants. and gloriously did we scour the country, hunting the their memory, and their ability to read and write. Auch of the thoughtlessness of parents regarding rebel Covenanters, and acting our pleasure upon man, But the most remarkable and instructive case within the injury they may do their children by too early woman, and child, person and property. I was then my knowledge, one that serves to show the influence cultivating their minds, has arisen from the mystery but young, and, for a time, rather witnessed than of the organisation and action of the brain on the in which the science of mind has been involved, and acted in the wild and exciting commission which we mental and moral character, and which appears to me ignorance of the connection between the mind and 80 amply discharged. But use is all in all. Ere half very deserving of the consideration of the metaphysi. body; for we find them exceedingly anxious and care- a dozen years had sped their round, I was one of the cian, is related in the American Journal of Medical ful about the health of their children in other respects. prettiest men in the troop at every thing. It was in Sciences, for 1829, by Professor Horner, of the Uni. Entirely forgetful of the brain, they know there is ihe autumn of 1684, as I too well remember, that we versity of Pennsylvania.

danger in exercising many other parts of the body too were engaged in beating up the haunts of the CoveMaster William M., the fourth child of his parents, much, when they are but partially developed. They nanters on the skirts of Galloway and Ayrshire. A was born in Philadelphia on the 4th of June 1820. know that caution is necessary with children in re- deep mist, which covered the moors thick as a shroud At birth his head was of ordinary size, but very soon spect to their food, lest their delicate digestive organs -friendly at times to the Whigs, but in the present after an attack of dropsy of the brain, it began to grow should be injured by a too exciting and stimulating instance their foc-concealed our approach, till wo inordinately. After he began to walk, its size was so regimen. A parent would be greatly alarmed if his were close upon a numerous conventicle. We hailed, great that he attracted much attention ; and he was little child, by continued encouragement and training, and bade them stand ; but, trusting to their mosses apt to fall, especially forwards, from readily losing his had learned to eat as much food as a healthy adult. and glens, they scattered and Aed. We pursued ia equilibrium. His health was generally good. Such a prodigy of gluttony might undoubtedly be various directions, pressing hard upon the fugitives.

Dec. 12, 1828, he fell against a door, and bruised formed. The method of effecting it would be some- In spite of several morasses which I had to skirt, and his forehead ; in an hour afterwards he vomited, be. what like that of enabling a child to remember, and difficult glens to thread, being well mounted, I gained came very sick, and died the next evening. During reason, and study, with the ability and constancy of rapidly on a young mountaineer, wbo, finding escape his short sickness he had no headache, and complained an adult. Each method is dangerous, but probably by flight impossible, bent his course to a house at a only of his stomach.

the latter is the more so, because the brain is a more short distance, as hoping for shelter there, like a hare On examining his head the day after his death, it delicate orgın ihan the stomach.

to her form. I shouted to him to stand; he ran on. was found to be considerably larger than that of a full- The activity of most of the organs of the body can | Again I hailed bim, but he beeded not; when,

[ocr errors]

tons.

save

dreading to lose all trace of him should he gain the of glory; I despise pillage and wealth ; but I feel my oars, sails, and steam is not the least interesting part house, I fired. The bullet took effect. He fell, and very heartstrings shrink from the now terrible idea of the scene. Amidst the numerous handsome seats bis heart's blood gushed on his father's threshold of final dissolution. Oh! that the fatal hour were which peep out upon both sides of the river, a splendid Just at that instant, an aged woman, alarmed by the past, or that I had still my former eagerness to die ! and extensive new house, belonging to Lord Blantyre, gallop of my horse, and the report of the pistol, Keppel, if I dared, I would to-day own myseli a situated on the south bank, at the distance of about rushed to the door, and, stumbling, fell upon the body coward!”

eight miles below Glasgow, is worthy of particular of her dying son. She raised his drooping head upon “Come with me," said Keppel, “to my quarters. notice. On the right side of the river, a little farther her knee, kissed his bloody brow, and screamed aloud, The night air has made you aguish. The cold fit will on, the little village of Kilpatrick is worthy of remark

Oh, God of the widow and the fatherless, have yield to a cup of as generous Rhine-wine as ever as the supposed birthplace of St Patrick, the tutelar mercy on me!'

One ghastly, convulsive shudder was drunk on the banks of the Sambre.” Monteith saint of Ireland. Still farther on, a little rocky promon. shook all her nerves, and the next moment they were consented, and the two moved off to partake of the tory juts into the river, surmounted by a pile of ruins, calm as the steel of my sword ; then raising her pale stimulating and substantial comforts of a soldier's which are almost completely surrounded with ivy. and shrivelled countenance, every feature of which breakfast in the Netherlands.

This is Dunglass Castle, remarkable as the site of the was fixed in the calm unearthly earnestness of utter It was between one and two in the afternoon. An fort which terminated the Roman wall in this direction. despair, or perfect resignation, she addressed me, unusual stillness reigned in the lines of the besiegers. Dumbarton Castle, which comes into view on the every word falling distinct and piercing on my ear The garrison remained equally silent, as watching in north bank of the river, is an object of the most sin. like dropping musketry—' And hast thou this day deep suspense on what point the storm portended gular appearance that can well be conceived ; a rock made me a widowed, childless mother ? Hast thou by this terrible calm would burst. A single piece of shooting up to the height of five hundred and sixty shed the precious blood of this young servant of Je. artillery was discharged. Instantly a body of gre feet, sheer out of the alluvial plain where the small hovah ? "And canst thou hope that thy lot will be one nadiers rushed from the entrenchments, struggled river Leven joins the Clyde ; measuring a mile in cir. of unmingled bappiness ? Go! red-handed persecu. over masses of ruins, and mounted the breach. The cumference; terminating in two sharp points, or tor! Follow thine evil way! But hear one message shock was dreadful. Man strove with man, and blow rocky knolls, one higher than the other; and sprin. of truth from a feeble and unworthy tongue. Re. succeeded to blow with fierce and breathless energy. kled over with houses and batteries. It is believed to morse, like a blood bound, shall dog, thy steps ; and The English reached the summit, but were almost have been the principal stronghold or capital of the the serpent of an evil conscience shall coil around thy immediately beaten back, leaving numbers of their kingdom of Strathclyde, one of the small principalities heart. From this hour thou shalt never know peace. bravest grovelling among the blackened fragments. into which Scotland, as well as England, was divided Thou shalt seek death, and long to meet it as a friend; Their leader, Lord Cutts, had himself received a immediately after the retirement of the Romans from but it shall flee thee: and when thou shalt begin to dangerous wound in the head; but disregarding it, Britain. The name Dun or Dum.barton is a corruption love life, and dread death, then shall thine enemy he selected two hundred men from Mackay's regi. of its original title, Dun Britton—the hill of the Bricome upon thee; and thou shalt not escape. Hence ment, and putting them under the command of Lieu. It is believed to be the Balclntha of Ossian. to thy bloody comrades, thou second Cain !--thou ac. tenants Cockle and Monteith, sent them to restore The town of Dumbarton lies behind the castle : pas. cursed and banished from the face of Heaven and of the fortunes of the assault. Their charge was irre- sengers are bere landed from the steam-boat. Alter mercy ! 'Old wretch !' I exclaimed, it would take sistible. Led on by Monteith, who displayed a wild breakfasting at Dumbarton, a coach starts with them little to make me send thee to join thy psalm-singing and frantic desperation rather than bravery, they for the loch, the road proceeding along the banks of the offspring ! Well do I know that thou wouldst, if broke through all impediments, drove the French Leven. At Balloch, at the foot of the loch, a steamer thou wert permitted,' replied she. “But go thy way, from the covered way, seized on one of the batteries, receives and conveys them round to different points on and bethink thee how thou wilt answer to thy Creator and turned the cannon against the enemy. To enable both sides. The course of the Leven, though no more for this morning's work ! And, ceasing to regard them to maintain this advantage, they were reinforced than six miles, is exquisitely beautiful, and has an inme, she stooped her head over the dead body of her by parties from other divisions. Keppel, advancing terest in the eyes of travellers, over and above its real son. I could endure no more, but wheeled round, in one of those parties, discovered the mangled form merits, on acconnt of the admirable little poem by and galloped off to join my companions.

of his friend Monteith, lying on heaps of the enemy which Smollett has consecrated it. That illustrious From that hour I felt myself a doomed and mi. on the very summit of the captured battery. He at. person was born at the farm house of Dalquburn, serable man. In vain did I attempt to banish from tempted to raise the seemingly lifeless body. Mon. near the modern manufacturing village of Renton ; my mind the deed I had done, and the words I had teith opened his eyes—“Save me !” he cried ; " and a monument has been erected to his memory upon heard. In the midst of mirth and revelry, the dying me! I will not die ! I dare not-I must not die !" the left of the road, a little farther nortb, by his cousin, groan of the youth, and the words of doom spoken It were too horrid to specify the ghastly nature of the late James Smollett, Esq. by his mother, rung for ever in my ears, converting the mortal wounds which had torn and disfigured his About half-way between Dumbarton and the lower the festal board to a scene of carnage and horror, till frame. To live was impossible. Yet Keppel strove end of Loch Lomond is the village just mentioned, the very wine.cup seemed to foam over with hot. to render him some assistance, were it but to soothe chiefly occupied by persons engaged in bleaching, which bubbling gore. Once I tried_laugh, if you will-I his parting spirit. Again he opened his glazing eyes branch of manufacture flourishes to a greater extent tried to pray; but the clotted locks of the dying man, _“I will resist thee to the last !" he cried, in a rav. in this district than any where else in Scotland, on and the earnest gaze of the soul-stricken mother, came ing delirium. “ I killed him but in the discharge of account of the limpid purity of the Leven. At the ofth hetwixt me and Heaven; my lip faltered, my breath my duty. What worse was I than others ? Poor milestone the traveller finds the house of Cameron, stopped, my very soul stood still; for I knew that my consolation now ! The doom-the doom! I cannot the seat of Alexander Smollett, Esq., where the family victims were in Paradise, and how could I think of -dare not must not will not die !" And while the of Matthew Bramble are described as residing, in the Sappiness-1, their murderer in one common home vain words were gurgling in his throat, his head sunk novel of Humphrey Clinker. with them ? Despair took possession of my whole back on the body of a slaughtered foe, and his unwill. Immediately thereafter, through a fine vista, apbeing. I rushed voluntarily to the centre of every ing spirit forsook his shattered carcass.Edinburgh pears the polished expanse of Loch Lomond, its large deadliest peril, in hopes to find an end to my misery. Literary Journal.

islands, and the soft hills in the distance, a view that Yourself can bear me witness that I have ever been

never fails to arrest the attention of the traveller. the first to meet, the last to retire from, danger. Often,

The objects that crowd into this scene are so finely when I heard the battle-signal given, and when I

PLEASURE TOURS.

diversified in form, in situation, and in colour, aa to passed the trench, or stormed the breach, in front of THE CLYDE, LOCH LOMOND, AND INVERARY. compose a picture at once beautiful and impressive. my troop, it was less to gain applause and promotion, In a former article the tourist was left at the head of Loch Lomond extends nearly thirty miles in length. than to provoke the encounter of death. 'Twas all in Loch Lomond, to which he had been carried from the At its northern extremity it is narrow, spreading vain, I was doomed not to die, while I longed for Trosachs and Loch Katrine. The point at which out, towards its southern

part, to a breadth of about death. And now “ Well, by your own account, you run no manner

tourists thus arrive at Loch Lomond cannot, to speak Ben Lomond, which rises on its eastern side to a of risk, and at the same time are proceeding on a correctly, be called the head of the lake; it is at a height of 3240 feet above the level of the lake. Loch rapid career of military success,” said Keppel; "and, place on the east side, pretty far up, called the mill of Lomond abounds in beautiful woody islands, aud is for my life, I cannot see why that should afflict you, Inversnaid. As a steam-boat touches at various points the pride of the Scottish lakes; however, having been supposing it all perfectly true.”

on the shore of the lake, the tourist can suit bis taste quire to particularise its beauties. Luss is a delight. “ Because you have not yet heard the whole. But listen a few minutes longer. During last winter, our

for exploring the Highland scenery around before ful little village, on a promontory on the west side of division, as you know, was quartered in Brussels, and going on board. There are, however, two ways of the lake, and is much resorted to in summer, on acwas very kindly entertained by the wealthy and good proceeding, in respect of the scenery in this quarter,

count of its being a convenient situation for a tourist natured Fleminge. Utterly tired of the heartless dis

who wishes to spend a few days in search of the picsipation of life in a camp, I endeavonred to make worthy of being pointed out. myself agreeable to my landlord, that I might obtain If you have come from Loch Katrine, you should turesque. Those who wish to ascend Ben Lomond

will land at Rowardennan, on the east side. This a more intimate admission into his family circle. To endeavour not to leave the district without visiting place can also be reached by a ferry from loveruglas this I was the more incited, that I expected some plea. the vale of Glencroe and Inverary, and thence pro. on the west side, Inveruglas being situated little more sure in the society of his daughter. In all I succeeded ceed by the Clyde to Glasgow. If you make Glas. than two miles beyond Luss. At the ion at Rovar. to my wish. I became quite a favourite with the old

dennan a guide can be obtained for the ascent of Ben man, and procured ready access to the company of gow your starting place, you have only to reverse his child. But I was sufficiently piqued to find, that, the line of tour, beginning with Loch Lomond, mountain is six miles of a continued ascent, which in

Lomond. The distance from the ion to the top of the in spite of all my gallantry, I could not learn whether Glencroe, and Tuverary; and ending with Loch general requires three hours. The view from the I had made any impression upon the heart of the Katrine, the Trosachs, Stirling, and Edinburgh. summit in clear weather extends across the country laughing Fanchon. What peace could not accomplish, There are so many steam-boats on the Clyde, and from sea to sea, and comprehends an immense stretch war and sorrow did. We were called out of winter. they touch at so many places, both on the river and

of Highland scenery; quarters, to commence what was anticipated to be a

The point on the shores of the lake at which tourists bloody campaign. I obtained an interview to take a

its lochs or off-shoots, that a desire to see some of the land to proceed westward to Inverary, is Tarbet, long and doubtful farewell. In my arms the weeping finest scenery in the romantic counties of Argyle, which lies a few miles beyond Inveruglas. Those girl owned her love, and pledged her hand, should I Dumbarton, and Stirling, cannot fail to be gratified. who are not hurried might effect a most agreeable survive to return once more to Brussels. Keppel, i Glasgow is an admirable place to start from; every pedestrian excursion along the west side of the lake,

as there is a road along its whole length. From Tar. complished ! Formerly I wished to die, but death thing being so well arranged for the tourist's conve.

bet a coach conveys the tourist over an isthmus to fed me.

Now I wish to live, and death will come nience, wherever he may be going. The journey the head of Loch Long, which is an arm of the sea,

I know I shall never more see Brussels, from Glasgow to Inverary, by Loch Lomond, return. or Firth of Clyde, shooting up into the country panor my lovely little Fleming. Wilt thou carry her ing the same day, though extending over both sea and rallel with Loch Lomond. Loch Long is a beautiful my last farewell, and tell her to forget a man who land, may be performed by paying a certain sum,

sheet of water, and its head is distinguished by two

objects, both of considerable, though unequal interest ; to love, and We beloved, that he might experience the very small one—perhaps not more than a few shillings a good inn, which was originally the mansion-house worst of human wretchedness? You'll do this for -at starting. The Clyde betwixt Glasgow and Dum of the chief of Macfarlane (the former fendal superior me, Keppel ?"

barton affords a most delightful morning sail. The of this district), and a grotesquely grand peak, called “If I myself survive, I will. But this is some succession of beautiful and majestic views presented Ben Artor, or the Cobbler, because it resembles a delusion-some strong dream. I trust it will not un.

to the eye as the river gradually changes its character shvemaker at work. Having turned the head of the nerve your arm in the moment of the storm."

lake, the road proceeds through an opening towards “No! I may die- must die ; but it shall be in front

to an estuary or firth, is such as to please and astonish the west, and enters the vale of Glencroe. In lovely of my troop, or in the middle of the breach. Yet all travellers. The number of vessels constantly mov.

magnificence, and all the attributes of Highland val how i long to escape this doom! I have won enough ling-vessels of all sizes, and propelled by every means, | ley scenery, Glencroe can only be considered inferior

upon me!

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

rower.

to the vale which it so nearly resembles in name. Its two courts; for this purpose a mysterious agent was inflicted upon him. That the court of France had a gides are covered with rude fragments of rock; and a wanted-one hitherto undistinguished, and without few years before executed a lettre-de-cachet in Lon. little stream runs wildly along the bottom, as if anxious title or pretension, and yet capable of insinuation, don, is a fact which has never been disputed. If we to escape from its terrible solitudes. The traveller as. and of fulfilling a delicate commission. The prince, are to believe the allegations of the Chevalier D'Eon, ceuds to the head of the vale, by a steep and painful who understood M. D'Eon to be a lady in disguise, there was now a considerable number of emissaries path, at the top of which there is a stone seat, with could imagine no better device than to send him in of the French government in London, who had conAn inscription indicating that this road was constructed what he supposed his real character to St Petersburg, certed means for seizing his person, burrying it on by the soldiers of the twenty-second regiment, and with instructions to resume the male dress imme. board a boat above London Bridge, and then carrying also inscribed with the appropriate words, “ Rest and diately afterwards. This project having met the ap- him to a vessel at Gravesend, by which he woulă be thankful.” From this point, the distance to Cairn- proval of Louis XV., who was fond of such mysteries, speedily be conveyed to France. In this emergency, dow on the bank of Loch Fyne is seven miles; the D'Eon appeared temporarily at St Petersburg as a he addressed four letters to as many eminent Englisb whole distance from Tarbet being thirteen. Ai Cairn. woman, and succeeded so well in the business, that he statesmen, in which he expatiated on the injuries dow, a boat is to be procured, to convey the traveller was soon after sent on a second mission in male attire ; which he had suffered, and with which he was threat. down the loch to Inverary, a distance of five miles. on which occasion he acted his part with 80 much ened, asking Lord Mansfield very cunningly, if, in

Inverary is a small and irregularly built town, but plausibility, that no one discovered him to be the same the event of his being attacked by any party pretend. distinguished for the beauty of its surrounding sce.

person. The aim of his negociations was to determine ing to be English legal officers, which, considering his nery. Inverary castle, a splendid modern square edi. Russia to form an alliance with the courts of Ver present relation to English law, was not unlikely, he fice, the seat of the Duke of Argyle, is the principal sailles and Vienna against Prussia, in behalf of which might not justifiably oppose force with force. Of the object of attraction in the neighbourhood. All tra. power the empress Elizabeth had already raised eighty reality of his danger there seems little reason to doubt, vellers speak with rapture of the beauty of the scenery thousand men. By the address, in a great measure, of as, in March 1765, he obtained, upon evidence prearound this princely mansion, as well as of the splen- D’Eon, the Russian government was induced to join sented on his behalf, an indictment against the Count dours of its interior decorations. The dukes of Ar. France and Germany with all this vast force, and thus de Guerchy for a conspiracy against his person; thus gyle are said to have spent no less than 1.300,000 in

a mozt important turn was given to the fortunes of greatly perplexing the British government, as, by ina Building, planting, improving, making roads and other the great Frederick, and to the political affairs of ternational law, no ambassador is amenable to the works of utility and decoration, in and about the Europe. While D'Eon was in Vienna, communicato ordinary laws of the country in which he is acting in castle. The collections of old Highland armour, to ing the plan of the Russian.operations, intelligence that capacity. The prosecution was eventually stop. be found within the saloon, are worthy of the parti. was received of the famous battle of Prague, the first ped. cular attention of the visitor.

great fruit of the new alliance, and no one was judged Whatever might be the sentiments of the French From Inverary you are carried down Loch Fyne

80 proper as he to convey the intelligence to Paris. ministry respecting D'Eon, be never lost the friend. to that part of the firth of Clyde behind the isles of He accordingly set out in a stage waggon, and pro. ship and correspondence of the king, by whom, in Arran and Bute. Loch Fyne is an arm of the sea

ceeded with such dispatch, that, notwithstanding an 1766, his pension was increased to twelve thousand projected into the country for a space of about thirty- overturn of his carriage, by which one of the bones of livres, with a promise that it should not be with. two miles, and for fourteen miles from its mouth it is his ankle was broken,

he reached that city thirty-six drawn till he should obtain a post of which the salary

hours earlier than a courier who had left Vienna at should be greater. For some years he lived obscurely about four miles across, after which it becomes nar. Loch Fyne has enjoyed the reputation of the same time. Without getting out of the vehicle, in England, only coming forward publicly in 1769 to

be delivered his dispatches into the hands of the foo deny a party allegation which had attracted much noproducing the best herrings of any found on the coasts of Scotland. Leaving Loch Fyne, the steam-vessel reign secretary, by whom they were immediately taken tice at ibat inflammable time, to the effect that he proceeds towards the Clyde, making its devious way

to the king. Louis ordered the greatest care to be had offered to several members of the British Parliabetween the mainland of Argyleshire and the shore of taken of him, and his broken limb to be dressed by ment the means of impeaching the ministers who bad Bute. This channel is extremely narrow, and re

one of his own surgeons. Three months after, on be brought about the peace of Paris. About this time ceives the appellation of the “ Kyles of Bute.” The ing completely restored to health, he obtained, at his a suspicion began to be entertained by those acquainted

own request, a lieutenantcy of dragoons, and was sent with D'Eon, that he was a gentlewoman in disguise, scenery is in many places striking on both shores, and is continually developing new features and engaging

a third time to St Petersburg, as secretary of a new and, with the national passion for betting, several the attention of the tourist, till the vessel reaches and formal embassy. He returned from that court in persons staked large sums upon the fact; one broker, Rothesay, the capital of the island of Bute. Rothe 1759, and, being desirous to distinguish himself in his in particular, taking fifteen guineas from all who say being a good starting point for the scenery on the military character, he was permitted to join his regi. pleased, to return a hundred when it should be ascer. west coast and islands, we may here pause, leaving ment in Germany, with a commission as captain, and tained that the Chevalier D'Eon was

what he the tourist either to proceed onward by the steamer

as aid-de-camp to Marshal de Broglio. D’Eon ac. seemed. It may well be supposed that a suspicion of to Glasgow, or remain to take an excursion to some

quitted bimself of his military character in so bold a this kind regarding a person who had acted so con. of the more interesting of the Hebridean isles, for

manner, as might have been deemed sufficient to tix spicuous a part in grave political affairs, could not be. which there is no want of conveyances.

bis masculine character for ever. At the engagement come known without exciting an universal feeling of of Ultrop, he was twice wounded ; and at that of Os. surprise and curiosity in all the countries where the

terwich, at the head of four-score dragoons and forty subject of it was known. For several years it was a CHARLES D'EON DE BEAUMONT.

hussars, he charged the Prussian battalion of Rhés prominent subject of discussion in the periodical works In the vast range of biographical history, there could with so much vigour, as to drive them off the field, of our own country, one of which gave a portrait of

with the loss of their commander, who was taken pri- the Chevalier, in which he was ingeniously represcarcely be found a combination of events 80 singu. soner. In 1762, the French monarch intended to sented in both characters at once, the one half of the lar-an assumption of character 80 various, and, in have sent our hero as ambassador to Russia, but was person lengthwise being dressed as a gentleman, with many cases, directly opposite, as in the life of this prevented by the death of Peter III. In September & sword at the side, while the other hemisphere bore most extraordinary personage.

After having sus.

of the same year, he was sent to London, as secretary the attire of a lady. One of the persons who had tained for the first fifty years, and in the most distin. of embassy to the Duke de Nivernois, who had been staked money with the broker brought an action,

in commissioned to conclude a treaty of peace between 1777, into the Court of King's Bench, for recovery guished manner, the characters of a scholar, a soldier, France and Britain. Here his ingenuity enabled him of L.700 from that individual, such being the sum and a statesman, we find M. D'Eon apparently de- to be of essential service in bringing about the desired which he was to obtain in the event of the Chevalier tected in the practice of a disguise with respect to his reconciliation between the two countries. Nivernois, proving to be of the weaker sex.

Two witnesses apsex, and compelled, with great reluctance, to resume liberty of altering several articles in the ultimatum, satisfied were the jury, that they awarded the pur

too jealous in behalf of his own court, bad taken the peared on this occasion, to swear to the fact; and 80 his proper character of a lady, which he bears for up which gave such umbrage to the court of St James's, suer the full amount of his claim. Policies of insurwards of thirty years more, till, at the close of a long that the negociation seemed on the point of being ance to the amount of seventy-five thousand pounds life, his first character is found to have been the real broken off. The ambassador, at once sensible of the bad also been opened with a reference to this myste

A part from all consideration of the eccentricity necessity of peace to France, and afraid to compromise rious matter; and that sum would have now changed which dictated these strange metamorphoses, m. the national honour by withdrawing the articles, was hands, if a recent act bad not invalidated all insurD'Eon is worthy of notice, on account of his intellec- fered, at whatever hazard, to take the blame of hav. in the greatest perplexity, when Monsieur D'Eon of. ances where the person insuring could not prove an

antecedent interest in the person or thing insured. tual talents, and the figure which be made in Euro ing altered the ultimatum, and at once put an end to The question was now considered as set at rest, pean history.

the difficulty. Nivernois embraced D'Eon with trang. and, apparently in compliance with the necessity of He was born, October 27, 1727, or 1728 (more pro- port, and was candid enough to make his self-devoted the case, the Chevalier D'Eon, who had acted as a bably in the former year), at Tonnere in Burgundy, of with the cross of St Louis. Nor does he seem to have matic negociations, and charged oftener than once at

ness known to his sovereign, who acknowledged it lawyer, conducted the most nice and difficult diploa family described as ancient and respectable, but not lost the good opinion of the English court, for, con. the head of a troop of dragoons, assumed the dress opulent. In the biographies written during the time of trary to the usual etiquette, George 111. entrusted of a lady. For a step which ultimately proved to be bis assumption of the female character, two reasons were him with the duty of carrying the ratification of the the beginning rather than the end of deception, and assigned for his being reared as a boy. One represents ceived two pensions from Louis XV., one of three sant & character, easily avoidable by sincerity, it is

treaty to Paris. Previously to this period, he had're which was attended with circumstances of so unpleahis father as having longed much for a son, and, on

thousand, and another of two thousand livrea. impossible to discover any satisfactory reason. Louis being disappointed by the birth of a daughter, as hav. The summit of his fortunes seemed to be attained, XVI. is said to have made the assumption of the fem ing resolved to educate the child in the former charac. when, on the absence of Nivernois in Paris, he was male dress by the Chevalier, a condition of the conter. Another states that a rich uncle, who had been appointed minister.plenipotentiary for the court oftinuance of his pension ; but this could only be in the mortified in an unsuccessful attachment, conceiving proached his decline. On the arrival of a new am.

France at that of England; but here he had only ap. assurance that he was what he could easily have de

nied himself to be. A love of singularity, and the an antipathy to the fair sex, left his fortune to the son

bassador in the Count de Guerchy, when D'Eon was notice which it attracts, affords, perhaps, the only of his brother, if a son there should ever be, but with requested to resume his duties as secretary, he was so reasonable

explanation of conduct so extraordinary. a reserve in the event of female issue only: in order much mortified at the degradation as to become petu. He left England in August 1777, declaring, in re. to obtain this legacy, it is said that the father re

lant and restive, disputing the genuineness of the futation of a charge brought against him in the public solved to make his infant pass for a son. Whatever

letter for his recall, and refusing to deliver it, as was prints, that he had had no interest of any kind in the

required, to his Britannic majesty. The consequence gambling transactions to which he had given rise. At might be the source of the ambiguity, D'Eon seems of this weak conduct was a peremptory dismissal from Paris, where he was received into the highest society, from his earliest years to bave experienced no diffi. employment. Conceiving himself deeply injured, be be appeared in female attire, retaining no portion of culty in supporting the male character. He was sent published a large volume, entitled Letirés, Memoires, bis former habiliments save the cross of St Louis. He at a proper age to Paris, and placed at the College which he showed no mercy for the new ambassador, clothes, and, though only five feet four in height, with

et Negotiations particulières du Chevalier D'Eon, in was at tirst very awkward in the management of his Mazarin, where he was received first as a doctor in

and exposed some important state secrets. This led a feminine face, bure for some time a rather grotesque civil and then in canon law, and finally admitted an to his being tried by the Court of King's Bench, July appearance. In retiring one day from a dining room advocate in the parliament of Paris. Having dis. 9, 1764, for a libel upon the count, of which he was with a number of ladies, he tripped several times in played talent in some literary performances, he be found guilty in absence. He then seems to have con ascending the stairs,. when, pettishly turning to a came known to the Prince of Conti, who was the cealed himself from the pursuit of justice, as, in the companion, he wished there had been no such thing

a: petticoats in the world. His curtsey is said to have

ensuing year, he was outlawed for not appearing to means of introducing him to a political career. Rus.

hear the sentence of the court. But in the meantime exceeded in rusticity that of the homeliest country via bad for an age been on unfriendly terms with

he seems to have bad reason to dread greater troubles girl, being performed by a stiff projection of the knees. France : it was an important object to reconcile the than any which the Court of King's Bench could have Hle' was full of jokes, however, about the strange

one.

change he had been subjected to. “ It is very hard," Pancras; the following words being inscribed on the The approach to Rotterdam by water is calculated be would say,

after having been a captain, to be coffin :-" Charles Genevieve Lonis Auguste Andre to excite the most pleasing emotions in the breast of degraded to a cornet"-the latter word signifying in Timothe D'Eon de Beaumont, né 17 Octobre 1727, the English traveller; for while, on the left bank of French a female head-dress, as well as a subaltern of mort 21 Mai 1810.” The materials of his life were the river, he sees the Brill, where the Dutch people, borse. Some one asked if, in the event of being in taken in charge by a literary friend, but we are not goaded on by repeated acts of cruelty, first unfurled sulted, he should not regret his former situation and aware that they ever saw the light.*

the standard of independence against the sanguinary arms; to which he replied, “I have already consi.

Philip of Spain, the whole scene around him, singu. dered that matter, and when I quitted my hat and

larly attractive from the novelty and originality of its sword, I own it gave me some concern; but I said to CONTINENTAL SKETCHES. general seatures, draws forth bis attention till the mysell, What signifies it? I may do as much, per. The following sketch of the modes of travelling and steam boat reaches its destination. When we are baps, with my slipper!" On another occasion, when description of places on the Continent, which occur in landed among the Dutch, our

effects are immediately lady gave him some advice respecting his behaviour, he said, “ Madam, I shall always be sage, I hope ;

a work recently published, under the title of “Remi- but a few minutes ; nor did I meet any thing during but I can never be modest.” Whenever any knight niscences of an Old Traveller," may prove serviceable my whole stay in Holland but the most assiduous at. of St Louis was addressed in his presence, by the to that class of persons who intend visiting the Lowtentions. usual title of Chevalier, he could not for a long time Countries and banks of the Rhine.

The old hackneyed remark of the cleanliness of the resist turning round, on the supposition that he was che person meant. Neither could he forget the habits lative to the different modes of travelling on the Con: tends either to improve the appearance of their canals,

“Before I proceed to mention some particulars re people must strike the most common observer; and of courtesy which he had contracted towards the tinent, I would recommend all travellers to compress ladies. Ai table, when he sat near any of that sex, he was always ready to fill their glasses ; and when their baggage into as small a compass as possible, and gardens, or towns in general, is singularly conspicu.

ous: the latter are generally intersected with navi. any one bad emptied her cup of coffee, D'Eon sprung require for wearing apparel. They ought to be equally gable canals, the sides of which are ornamented with careful to avoid speaking to their valetde-place, or at

trees kept in the most perfect order. These canals es. When the proposal of an alliance was made to the public tables, on any subjects connected with po. serving for the double purpose of irrigation and of

tend over the whole country in endless ramifications, France by the American colonists, Mademoiselle D'Eon, as he may now be termed, made several fruit. 1 litics, or articles of faith, as there are spies at every beautifying it; and when we view the enlivening scene

. bad previously, by ber influence with louis XV.,

I beg to observe, that the following information is banks of the canals laid out with so much taste and been instrumental in preventing a war with England taken from the notes of my own disbursements when neatness, we naturally conclude that the Dutch have on account of the Falkland Islands ; but that monarch

a large share of the comforts and enjoyments of life. last on the Continent. Any one, therefore, by tak. being now dead, her influence with the French court ing the map of Europe, and measuring the distances

their country was neither fertile nor beautiful by na. was at an end. M. de Maurepas would not allow ber from one place to another, may easily calculate the ture, but they have made it so by assiduity and an interview either with the king or with himself, probable expenses of travelling, and regulate matters bivus beings, living considerably under the level of but, on the contrary, offended by her interference, ordered her to retire to her native town of Tonnere. accordingly.

the sea, upon whose proud domain they gradually en.

When a person has not his own carriage, he cancroached, till they changed its unproductive sands She attempted to pack up her papers in order to obey travel by the diligences, which are to be found on al. into felds teeming with fertility, and now repose this command, but took so ill as to be for three week's confined to her chamber at Versailles. Maurepas comfortable and cheap, and when the traveller pays times, their barks were shattered to pieces by the

most every great frequented road. They are most quietly ander the shade of trees, where, in for mer away by force to the Castle of Dijon. He even added for his place, a receipt is given him for the money, raging tempest. The changes and revolutions in other insult to the wrong thus inflicted, proposing to marry that no smoking is allowed, or any sick person or dogs in the smallest degree : their dress continues as it

where it is distinctly stated among other particulars, countries have passed on without affecting them ner to M. de Beaumarchais, as a ineans of enriching admitted into the carriage. There is always a guard was, peculiar and

original; the construction of their Aer without expense to the king ; in which case, said the minister, there would soon be grounds for her enforced ; and I never knew one instance where they their modes of thinking, uninfluenced and unaffected

or conductor, whose duty it is to see these regulations ships is totally different from those of other nations ; publishing a memorial against her husband, who,

were deviated from. being sure to answer it both in prose and verse, would afford some capital sport for the laughers of Paris.

In Italy, the drivers (called vetturini) bave gene. by the theoretical fancies of modern times; the plain. Finding a residence in France no longer agreeable

, rally their own carriage and horses, and engage for a unaltered, and their morals, in a considerable degree, D'Eon returned to London, where, in 1783, she made fixed sum to convey the traveller from one place to another within a given time, including bed and board.

uncontaminated by the prevailing vices in other coun. 8 public appearance at Ranelagh in a fencing match

tries. They bave formed a just and a proper estimate

Independent of these two modes of travelling, there with the Chevalier St George, reputed to be the best

of what constitutes human enjoyment in a rational swordsman in Europe. On this occasion she wore are vehicles all over Germany called postwagen, where

way; and this is evident in their general demeanour, her now customary female attire, which added greatly veniently, and which can be procured at the rate of plain citizen, seated on a bench in his garden, with two persons, with their baggage, can travel very con.

and in the expression of their countenances. See the to the interest of the scene. the Revolution commenced in her native country, she from 128. to 15s. a-day for any length of time, and to any distance, drawn by two horses, the driver paying of self-contentedness, looking with complacency and

his pipe and his book ;-he is a living monument had formed the resolution of returning thither ; but, having contracted considerable debts, she found it all expenses for himself and them.

composure on the comforts with which he is' sur.

I will now point out, as far as my experience goes, rounded ; and he enjoys them becanse they are ol necessary to expose the whole of her effects to auction, the different places on the Continent where a person his own creation, the fruits and the reward of temper in order that she might be able to leave England with honour. Louis XVI., hearing of her intention, en.

may derive the most instruction, combined with what trusted a considerable sum to an English nobleman, young people naturally wish to enjoy-pleasure and rance, industry, and good management, which at all

times will flourish of themselves, without the inter

I would recommend the English tra. to aid in clearing off her encambrances; but this was veller, in every instance, to get good letters of intro England, and, above all, those of the Sister isle, look

vention of legislative enactments. Let the people of unfortunately lost to her, in consequence of the noble.

duction to the native residents wherever he goes, and man dying by the way. Being at the same time de.

to this. They will perhaps tell me they are ruined by to avoid the society of his countrymen, who, in a prived of ber pension, she began to tremble for the

an over-population : I can say in answer to this, that means of future subsistence, but nevertheless resolved general senze, are far from deriving those advantages there are more inhabitants to a square mile in Holland

. to make her effects go as far towards relieving the

than in Great Britain. Then, they may come over the tive analysis of the character of the continental nations old ground of oppressive taxation as an effectnal check presaure of her debts as possible. In May 1791, Miwould infallibly procure them. Cbristie of Pall Mall commenced the sale, which not Paris is decidedly the best winter residence in value as the first, as the taxes in Holland are very

to national prosperity: this argument is of as little only included books, prints, medals, and statues, but jewels, arms, and accoutrements : in short, every of two or three days. an infinite variety of dresses, both male and female, Europe, both for instruction and ainusement, and nearly double to what they are in Great Britain, if whence a person can return to England in the course

we take into consideration the means and the resourcss

The next towns in order, of the respective countries. What, then, is the cause thing she possessed. She was resolved, she said, to

I would say Vienna, Berlin, and St Petersburg, of all the misery among so great a proportion of the pay every one his due as far as lay in her power, and take nothing away but her bonoar and the regret of

where the manners and habits of the people are leaving England. more strictly national, and afford an endless source of people in the British empire ? I will tell them in fex

It arises from intemperance, idleness, and useful knowledge to the inquisitive traveller. At bad management. Ultimately she was prevented, by the growing

tron. Rome nobody would ever live from choice; it is a bles of France, from quitting the country in which she paradise for artits alone, and affords a melancholy great natural advantages: it abounds in wood and

Belgium has infinite attractions for a traveller, and had hitherto found an asylum. Necessity, however, spectacle of a people, reduced by their own indolence coal, and all the articles of consumption for man and left for this able and ingenious diplomatist no other and indifference to the lowest state of moral and polic beast in the utmost plenty. At Antwerp they have means of prolonging life than an itinerant exhibition wical degradation ; and no person should reside there of her skill in fencing thronghout the country. In beyond a couple of months, unless they choose to run

one of the finest harbours in the world, and every the course of a few years, advancing age disabled her the risk of being for ever lost in that gulf of vice and / possible convenience for the extension and encourage. for even this miserable expedient, and she rapidly

ment of trade ; and there, as well as at Brussels, she sank into poverty. Her friends of whom she had pollution. At Naples, as well as at Rome, the same

amateur of paintings will find the choicest specimens period of time will suffice to gratify every rational de of the Dutch and Flemish school. The country, tosecured coine whose esteem does honour to her me. mory-chen recommended to her to write the memoirs gree of curiosity; beyond that, we are exposed to the wards Spa and the Duchy of Luxemburg, is inexpressof her life, and try to obtain, from some bookseller,

As for a summer residence on the Continent, I know the geologist and mineralogist will find a wide field

ibly picturesque and beautiful; and in those districts 8 small annuity opon the condition of his enjoying the

none so deligbtful as Baden. Carlsbad has great at. copyright at her death. With much difficulty an ar.

for their enterprise and research. From these points, rangement of this kind was effected in the year 1804, first society in Europe during the summer. Spa is tractions as a watering place, and is frequented by the

it is desirable to find our way to the Rhine by the and she applied with much zeal to the task of autorather out of date, although the surrounding scenery the most interesting description in that part of the

way of Aix-la-Chapelle and Cologne, two towns of biography, which she was not destined, however, to

is most beautiful, and a person cannot fail passing the Continent. complete. Her remaining years were cheered by the attentions of an aged French lady, named Madame fine season very pleasantly, by sailing up the Rhine

I descended the Rhine from Cologne, and landed at in a steamer, and landing either at Ems or Wisbaden, Dusseldorff, on the right bank. From Dusseldorff I Cole, and by a pension of fifty pounds bestowed upon

and from thence taking occasionally little trips to proceeded, by the way of Elberfeld and Arensburg, to her by the Duke of Queensberry. In 1808, she he. came so weakly as to be chiefly confined to be, though Frankfort, Darmstadt, Heidelberg, Carlsruhe, Stut.

Cassel, a road infinitely interesting, as much from its But at length xbe sank gart, &c. This latter plan is the more to be recom.

natural beauties, as from the active and useful pur. into a state of extreme debility, and,

on the 21st of mended, as the traveller, in case of need, can easily suits in which the people are engaged, particularly in May 1810, expired at her lodgings, in Millmau Street, accelerate his return to England, by proceeding down and about Elberfeld, which may be called the Shei. near the Foundling Hospital.

field of Germany. The Chevalier D'Eon--for he may now once more brings hin home in little more than twenty-four

Let us now proceed to the University of Göttiahours. be spoken of as a man-had reached the advanced age

gen. All lovers of phrenology would do well, when of eighty-three years, of which the last thirty-three

they visit that once far-famed place of learning, to had been spent in the practice of a deception almost

• This article has been composed with care, though perhaps not

take a letter of introduction to Professor Blumenbach, without precedent, and which was so dexterously ma. with perfect correctness in point of fact, from materials scattered

who has the choicest collection of skulls in Europe naged, that even the person with whom he lived never throughout Dodsley's Annual Register, and the Gentleman's Ma

all arranged in the best order ; and where they may entertained the least suspicion of it. His body was gazine (see indexes of those works)-the Edinburgh Annual Re.

draw their deductions, and feast on their favourite interred privately within the parish church of St gister 1810, and the Eccentric Mirror, London, 1807.

science, at their leisure. Göttingen bas lost much a

« НазадПродовжити »