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lent and sudden convulsion, they spread a holy and informed him, that in the event of the party being add cloves and mace, of each a quarter of an ounce, not unpleasing charm over the scenes of their past likewise satisfied, I would transmit him a letter, by one nutmeg sliced, boil a quarter of an hour; then grandeur. But the grave of youth shocks every heart post, naming the day, &c. Their consent being sig. | add two ounces of shallots. When cold, bottle it with like the fragments of some splendid palace, newly con. nified, I wrote, merely stating that on such a day he the spice and shallots. If the oysters be large, they structed for purposes of gaiety and pleasure-decorated might expect us, to the number of twenty-two, at so sbould be cut. with all the embellishments of taste and fancy, and much per head; and to guard against any misunder- RECENT COLD. — A tea-spoonful of sal-volatile, furnished with every thing that can minister to joy standing, I thought it prudent to recapitulate the taken in a small quantity of water or white wine whey and pride—but suddenly, in the midst of a festival, dishes we had previously agreed upon—beginning at bedtime, is a good remedy for a recent cold. Batha shaken down by an earthquake, and burying a crowd 'viz. fish, veal, ham,' and so forth.
ing the nose in warm water is also a great relief. of young and happy hearts beneath the ruins.-New
By return of post, I received the following curious York Mirror. "SIR-I received your commands, but I don't know
LAMENTE FOR THE AULDE HOSTELS. LITTLE MASTER VIZ. what you means by Videlecit, as I did'nt hear you men
“ Oh Edinbruch, thou heich triumphand town,
Within thy boundis rycht blythful haif I bene !"
Sae said Schir David Lyndsay, that slie loun,
Wha kenned what blythnes wes rycht weil, I wene ; their productions with scraps of Latin, and other lan. obeyed. Yours to command,
And sae say I, that inonie a house haif sene, This letter of course afforded considerable mirth to guages ancient and modern. Even men who affect the party who perused it; but it appeared to me
In quyet houses round about the Croce
(itaplie now herboure for the vyle and meane), to hold classical learning in contempt, do so, greatly strange that my landlord should be incapable of un.
In the Hie Gait, or als in wynde or closse,
Renowned for punche and aill, and eke hie-relished soss. to the vexation of those who wish to see the English derstanding the contraction, and yet write the word
But now, alas for thee, decayit Dunedin, tongue purified from all such pretended ornament and at length, though improperly spelt. To reconcile this
Thy dayis of glory are departit quite; overloading. It is argued that the use of a Latin point, I was at considerable trouble ; and I cannot For all those places that we ance were fed in,
And where we tyrplyt decently o' night, word and phrase, now and then, gives strength to the convey the result of my inquiries in a better form
Those havyns of douce comforte and delighte, than as the dialogue actually took place upon the re- Are closed, degraded, burnt, or changed, or gone, expression, at least that it embellishes it considerably. ceipt of my letter, at which time the landlord, his wise, Whyle our old hostesses have ta'en their flight, This we deny. There are words in the English lan- and a waiter, were in the bar :- Why, wife, did you
To far off places, novel and unknowne,
About whose verie names we stairslie may depone. guage sufficient for every variety of expression. Our ever hear me mention such a dish as viz when the
Whair now is Douglas's ? whair Clerihugh's ? vernacular tongue is not so poor as to make it a
gentleman was down here ordering the dinner?' 'No, Whair is John's coffee-house ? and teli me whair matter of necessity to borrow sentiments and phrases just paid the waiter for his morning beverage, hear. husband, no; what is viz?' A gentleman who had Is Mistress P's? to which, when these old shoes
Were new, at eight we used to make repaire ; from the classics, with the view of dignifying our ing the last question, politely answered, 'It means vi.
By her own ladye hand showne up the staire,
Through a long trance, into a panyled roome literature. The first, the most essential requisite delicet, inadam,' and passed on. Here mine host was
Whair lords had erst held feist wyth ladyes faire,
And which had still an air of lordly gloomne, in literary composition, is intelligibility-clearness of again at a pause, when be suddenly exclaimed, 'And
That scarss two sturdie mouldes colde utterlie illume. expression. The ideas of the author ought to be that in all my life. Nor I, husband, though I have what is videlicet? I never heard of such a dish as
Oh for the pen of Fergusson to painte poured out in such a simple manner as to be at once
"The parloure splendours of that festyf place !" lived in the first families—ay, and where every kind The niche, suintyme the shrine of sum old sainte, stamped on the mind of the reader. Every kind of of made dish has been sent to table.' Thomas, do
The ceilyng that still bore, in antique grace,
Many a holye, chubby, white-washt face ; mysticism, ambiguity, or jargon capable of confusing you know what is videlicet ?' 'No, sir; but I sup- The dark-brown landscape, done of old by Norie, the sense, should be avoided in authorcraft. And pose it's one of those new fangled disbes that the On the broad panel o'er the chimney-brace ;
The blue-tiled fire-place gleamynz in its glorye, what is the introduction of Latin words into books French are so fond of. I'll ask in the kitchen. The
Relating, verse for verse, sum morall scrypture storye. inquiries in the kitchen were equally unsuccessful; for common reading, but a mystifying of the sense ?
Then on the wall was hung that rare and rych but Thomas, upon recollection, thought he had heard Memoriall of a tyme and mode gone by, Is there one out of a thousand readers who under of a fish of that name. To the shore my landlord im. The samplar, showing every kind of stitch stands Latin ? Perhaps there may be one, and yet mediately proceeded ; all the river fishermen were in
E'er known or practised underneath the skye
Thread-circled holes denominated "pye"even he, we are convinced, would have no objections turn applied to, but all were equally positive that Embattled lynes-of squayr-taylcd lambs a paire
videlicet did not grow in the river Thames, or else Strange cloven-footed letters, awkwardlye to be spared the trouble of translation. they must have caught him-perhaps it might be a
Contriving to make up the Lorde hys prayerNow that the pursuit of classical learning is very salt-water fish; but that opinion was not supported
And names of John and Jean and Williain all were thair. properly declining—now that it is discovered that by the land lady, who declared that, if videlicet was
Thair, also, hung around the wainscot wall,
Eche in its panel, of old prynts a store ; the acquisition of something more substantial and any thing, it was a made dish; and, not to expose Adam in paradyce before the Falle : practical than Latin is required in order to fit men their ignorance, they agreed to apologise, and make
The sailours mutinying at the Nore;
Flora-Pomona-and the Sesons four; for the multifarious business of life, we hope to see no further inquiries.
Lord Nelson's victory at Trafalgar; not only classical phraseology, but every vile idea On the day of the dinner, which, to do the landlord The deth of Cooke on Olaheite's shore;
Lord North rigged out in gartyr ani in star; connected with the heathen mythology, abandoned. credit, was excellent, the idea of viz was not forgot
With manie mue ta'en out of llistorie of the Warre. We are anxious to see the English language written landlord, who waited in person, thought proper, with ten: the inquiries for it were so frequents that the
Then thair were tablis, also, squayr and round, with an elegance and strength of expression entirely many apologies, to express bis regret that he had not
Derke as the face of old Antiquitse,
Yet, when inspected, each a mirrour found, its own. We wish to see it standing on its own merits, been able to procure it in time the letter came too
Só that ilke feature you full well could spye;
The jugges and glasses on those planes diu lye, and its purity made every where a matter of first-rate late-the notice was so short-but, desirous to oblige, Lyke sunımer barkos in glassye seas reficcied; importance in education. And all this can be accom. he had placed on the table, in its stead, a giblet pie.
And chayrs were thuir, as vertical and high plished with perfect ease, provided the people exert This explanation produced such an involuntary,
As the proud race upon them once crected,
In each of whome, 'tis sayd, ane pokyr was injected. their understandings, and discountenance that vicious such a general burst of laughter, that we all sensibly
But ah the mere externe of this olde hauntesystem of cultivating ancient languages, to the exclu. felt for the landlord's embarrassment, from which,
Preciouse althoughie in everye lincamentesion of nearly every other branch of study.
Wes the leaste worthie subject of descante; however, he was adroitly relieved by one of the party
The sorrow which mine anxious muse wolde vent, There is a matter of lesser moment connected with stitution: your giblet pie is excellent, and so like observing, “Why, really, Mr B., I admire your sub.
Regairds alone the happy moments, spente
Sac cuzilie, within that humble dome, our vernacular tongue, which it also may not be amiss videlicet, that I shall never eat of the one without In nights of other years-jocoaeness blente to give a hint about. We mean the practice of sub-thinking upon the other.””
With courtesie-the dececies of homestituting contractions of Latin words for terms which
Vei o'er the realmes of Lalke for ever frie to roame. could be much better expressed in English. The re.
To me who lore the olde with such regrette, taining of these contractions is only helping to keep
What charme can be apparent in the newe;
Divans, saloons, and cafes may besette up the more extensive use of the classical tongues. We quote the following recipes from a useful and
The heartes of youth, and seem to fancye's viewe There are many of these contractions in vogue, but a
Places more fit to lounge in, while the stewe
of numbers has a charme; but oh how far notice of oue or two will be sufficient. For instance, cheap periodical, entitled “ The Magazine of Do.
From hearty is the pleasance they pursuelet us point out the contraction i. e. These letters mestic Economy,” just begun to be published :
Eche inaune his single rummyr and cigarre, signify id est, the plain English of which is, that is. WATER SOUchy. This is a mode of dressing fresh.
Pulling, all by himself-a sulky, smoky warre ! Now, we ask any one, whether learned in Latin or water fish, of every description, such as gudgeons, Bot vayne it is to sorrow for the pasteotherwise, if there be the least value in substituting perch, eels, flounders, &c.; they must be quite fresh,
Dunedin stands not now quhair once it stoode :
Ilke thing of old is hastenyng from it faste, i. e. for that is ? Is the sense rendered more clear? | cleaned and trimmed. Put them in a stew.pan, and And brydges it must hail, althoch no floode; By no means. The practice is only an old vicious cover them in water; add a few parsley leaves and The auld wes cozic, and the aulu wes goode,
And Mistress P- of hosteleres wes the quene; Habit, which our English writers have not hitherto roots cut in shreds, a few green onions cut very fine,
Bot dinging down is now the reigning moode, had the fortitude to dismiss. Let us turn to the simi. a little horse-radish, and a bay-leaf, seasoned with And auld-toun hostels are extynguyshed clenelar case of the contraction viz. This ugly little word, pepper and salt ; skim it carefully when it boils. I haif, in troth, ane end of al perfectioun sene. which is used very freely in all kinds of literary com- When the fish is quite done, send it up in a deep dish
R. C. position, from the ponderous quarto on metaphysics, or tureen ; also a lew slices of bread and butter on a down to the daily newspaper, is a contraction of the plate.
Messrs Chambers respectfully intimate, that they have now pubterm videlicet, which signifies something like see here; IMITATION OF FINDHORN HADDOCKS. Let the
lished the second volume of the its meaning, however, is far better expressed by the plain fish be well cleaned, and laid in salt for two hours ; SPIRIT OF CHAMBERS'S JOURNAL, English word namely, which every body understands. let the water drain from them, and then wet them
Price 4s., handsomely done up in boards. Viz., we remember, was one of those troublesome words with pyroligneous acid; they may be split or not; The first volume may be obtained uniformn with it, at the same which our grammar books explained to us at school, then hang them in a dry situation for a day or two, price. This work, which from time to time will be cantinucú, con
sists of a collection of the original tales, essays, and sketches, which and probably most boys are in the same manner in- or longer, if you please. When broiled, they have
first appeared in the Journal, and is published for the converence formed of its meaning. But we cannot exactly see the flavour of the Findhorn haddock, and will keep of those individuals who may desire to possess such papers ia a
portable shape. the propriety of fuisting a difficulty into the language, sweet for a long time.
Also, now completed, in order to have the pleasure of conquering it. It DERBY, OR SHORT CAKES. -Rub with the hand
CHAMBERS'S INFORMATION FOR THE PEOPLE. would be much more comfortable, we think, for all two lbs. of butter into four lbs. of sisted flour, two lbs. In one volume 4to., uniform with the volumes of the Journal. This parties, that Master Viz should forthwith be dismissed of currants, two lbs. of moist sugar, two eggs, mixed
work consists of a series of treatises on those branches of human the service. He is an old mysterious little imp, that altogether with a pint of milk; roll' it out thin, and knowledge in which the greater part of the cornmunity are trost
interested, and designed to serve the chief uses of an encyclopak.is, has well executed his duty of bothering mankind, and cut it into round or square cakes with a cutter ; lay at a price beyond example moderate. may now with all due courtesy be laid upon the shelf. them on a clean baking sheet, and bake them about Speaking of this little fellow, Niaster Viz, we are five minutes in a middling heated oven.
LONDON: Published, with Permission of the Proprietors, by OSB
& SMITH, Paternoster Row; and sold by G. 'BKRONR, Huit. put in mind of a story which we read some years ago
PUDDINGS THAT ARE QUICKLY MADE WITHOUT well Streel, Strand; BANCKS & Co., Manchester; WRIGHT:OX in an old magazine, and which we beg to restore for MUCH EXPENSE.- Beat up four spoonsful of flour with & WEBB, Biriningham: WILLMER & SMITH, Liverpool; ". the amusement of those readers who have not pre- a pint of milk and four eggs to a good batter, nutmegs
E. SOMERSCALE, Leeds; C. N. WRIGUT, Nottinghiana; M.
BINGHAM, Bristol; S. SIMMS, Bath; C. GAIN, Exeter; J. Pa viously perused it. and sugar to your taste; butter teacups, fill them
DON, Hull; A. WHITTAKER, Sheffield ; H. BELLEREY, York: “ Being deputed to make choice of a house (says three parts full, and send them to the oven. A quar. J. TAYLOR, Brighton; GEORGE YOUNG, Dublin; and all otizat
Booksellers and Newsmen in Great Britain and Ireland, Canada the relater of the anecdote), and to order an annual ter of an hour will bake them.
Nova Scotia, and United States of America. dinner for a party of gentlemen, I determined upon TO MAKE OYSTER CATSUP.-One hundred of large to Complete sets of the work from its commencement, or purnone pleasantly situated on the banks of the Thames. oysters, with all their liquor; one pound of anchovies ; bers to complete sets, may at all times be obtained from the Pube
lishers or their Agents. Having agreed with the landlord as to terms, and the three pints of white wine; one lemon with half the
Stereotypied by A. Kirkwood, Edinburgh. precise dishes that were to be placed on the table, Il peel; boil gently for half an hour, then strain, and Printed by Bradbury and Evans (late T. Davison). Whitefriars
CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM CHAMBERS, AUTHOR OF “ THE BOOK OF SCOTLAND,” &c., AND BY ROBERT CHAMBERS,
AUTHOR OF “ TRADITIONS OF EDINBURGH,” “ PICTURE OF SCOTLAND,” &c.
PRICE THREE HALFPENCE.
that Agnes Russell, now Lindsay, was forced to share the six following years they lived happy and comfort. A STORY OF SCOTTISH RURAL LIFE.
all the privations and uncertainty of a soldier's life, able, while their united earnings were more than suf. THERE are places in Scotland for which our language and to content herself with such provisions and pro- ficient for all their wants. But though James Lind. seems scarcely to afford a name. They cannot, with tection as her husband could afford her while his say, under the care of his wife, had in a great measure propriety, be called towns, villages, or farm-steadings. regiment remained in Britain. But to make matters recovered from the effects of that almost fatal cold, he Perhaps hamlet might apply, though even for this worse, in less than six months it was ordered to the was never again a healthy man. The disease had they appear to be too inconsiderable. They usually Cape of Good Hope, and, by some particular arrange- been too deeply rooted ever to be thoroughly eradi. consist of about a dozen cottages, rudely built of stone, ment of the troops, Agnes was prevented from ac- cated. It still continued to linger in his constitution ; and thatched with straw. The light received by each companying her husband. Already disowned by her and when the meridian of life was past, symptoms of bumble domicile is from a couple of small windows, and parents, and forbidden ever again to enter their door, increasing indisposition began to break out anew, and beside the door you will often perceive a stone deas or her prospects now, in the midst of strangers, were far to alarm the fears of his anxious wife. All her atten. seat, on which the father of the family in fine summer from being bright. After seeing him embark, with a tions were now redoubled, and every thing was tried evenings may be seen seated, quietly resting from his letter of introduction which he had given her, and an which it was supposed might have a tendency to day's labour in the field, and enjoying the declining rays almost empty pocket, she set out from one of the sea. strengthen or to recover him, but in vain. He lingered of the setting sun, which glint pleasantly through the ports of England on her pilgrimage to Hazelburn, in on for two years more in a state of hopeless consumptrees and across the hedgerows. Such rustic little the hope that she might find an asylum among bis re- tion, sometimes at work and sometimes confined to hamlets frequently lie on a beaten track through the lations—the only friends to whom she could look for bed, but getting gradually weaker and weaker. Yet country, but exhibit few of the peculiarities of road. protection. By dint of travelling nearly night and day, the dying man was patient and resigned -- no one side villages. They are inhabited only by a few and sparing no exertion, she arrived at her hoped-for beard him utter a repining word. families engaged in rural occupations, including pos. place of refuge, and was received with a hearty wel. His complaint was thus making rapid progress to sibly a tailor, weaver, and shoemaker, and their only come, and treated with the greatest kindness. Here, its consummation, and the chill band of poverty would trait of commerce is most likely exhibited in the shape however, she would have been a sad drawback upon bave helped it on, but for the sympathy of the neigh. of a small grocery establishment, from which tobacco the poor people who received her with open arms. bours, which was now fully awakened. Among these, and bread—both equally importations from the nearest But, fortunately for them, though she was a farmer's the good offices of Robin Ferguson were neither the burgh town—are dispensed on a limited scale to the daughter, she had not been bred a fine lady. Under a last nor the least. He was not one of those obtrusive inhabitants.
sentiment of pride rather than of humility, she hired characters sometimes found about sick-beds, who are It is in such small communities that the genuine herself as a servant as soon as she could find a place ; ever more ready to communicate advice than to admi. Scottish character is most frequently to be met with. and so not only provided for her own wants, which were uister relief from their worldly riches. He had sent There flourish the unsophisticated peasant, sturdy in of course much abridged, but proved a benefactor in. his wife oftener than once with a bottle of wine, which his principles of civil and religious liberty, and zealous stead of a burden to her adopted friends. She had no he had himself gone to purchase, and to this it is profor the education of his children — the industrious children, and in this way eight years passed over, at the bable the dying man owed the last weeks of bis exist. tradesman, half agricultural in his ideas and means end of which, intelligence arrived that the regiment in ence. of subsistence—and the patient widow, who, though which her husband served was on its way home. We Towards the close of his illness, his wife's constitution downcast with her deprivations, yet sets her heart cannot stop here to speak of the tumultuous and joy. was 80 much impaired by over-exertion, night watch. and hands to toil for herself and offspring, and would ful feelings to which this information gave rise in the ing, and constant anxiety of mind, that at times it almost die of sheer want before she would appeal to bosom of Agnes.
appeared almost doubtful which of them would reach the parochial administration for relief. It is in one of At last the newspapers announced the arrival of the end of their journey first. A small sum of money these rural hamlets, Hazelburn by name, that the the vessel in which he was, at the same port from which they had saved during their years of prosperity, scene of our story is laid.
which he had sailed ; and the devoted wife set out to was now spent to the last farthing; and to add to their In this comparatively secluded spot, a number of meet him. But on reaching the place, how was she embarrassment and distress, several small debts bad years ago, lived Robin Ferguson, a strong-built mus. shocked to find him in an hospital !—and, instead of been contracted which they had no prospect of being cular man, with arms nerved to the most laborious the young, vigorous, and healthy appearance which able to pay. The cold hand of charity—cold when employment, and with a countenance deeply tanned he wore when he left her, to see him pale and ema. warmest—was all they had to lean to. Things were by constant exposure in the fields, yet possessing an ciated, panting for want of breath, and apparently in this state when the wreck of the unfortunate sol. appearance of sagacity and reflection, which, with his tottering downward to the grave. He had caught a dier perished, leaving his much-loved Agnes a widow, well-known excellent character, rendered him re. bad cold from imprudently sleeping upon deck to avoid and his little daughter fatherless. The indescribable spected and looked up to by neighbours on a level the heat and suffocation of the hold while the vessel anguish of the now desolate widow we pass over-hers with him in worldly circumstances. James Lindsay, was under the line. This might have been easily re. was a bitter cup. The case was, moreover, peculiarly another of the inhabitants of the hamlet, was an in- moved had it been treated in time ; but, from being distressing, not only to the party more immediately dividual very different in several respects. Broken neglected, it had sat down on his lungs, as he him. concerned, but to the neighbours. The widow did down in constitution, and weak in body, he was self said, and now there was but little hope of his not possess a farthing in the world—her relations had looked upon with an eye of sympathising pity by all recovery. His wife, however, watched him night declared that they had cut her off from all share in around him. His habitation was one of the poorest and day with unwearied attention and unremitting their affections—the corpse of her deceased husband in the place, yet, though lowly in its character, it was tenderness; and whether it were from ber punctual lay unburied, and she was without the means of laythe seat of much happiness and contentment. James attendance to his bodily comfort, or from the cheeringing it decently in the ground. The compassionate was kind and affectionate to bis wife to a degree al. influence which her presence and kindness exercised wives of the neighbouring cottagers, in this dilemma, most bordering on weakness, and this kindness she upon his spirit, it were difficult to say, but he began could only suggest the propriety of her applying to returned with a delicacy and devotedness of attach- slowly to recover, though it was evident he would the parochial authorities ; but this idea was to her too ment seldom to be met with in higher circles. James, never again be fit for active service. In this state of degrading to be contemplated. She could not brook, when very young, had committed the egregious folly affairs his discharge was easily procured ; and as soon as she said, the notion that her daughter might have it of enlisting as a soldier, and while the regiment to as his health would permit, Agnes conveyed him “cast up to her in after-life that her father had been which he belonged was quartered in a village in the back to Hazelburn by easy stages, and in such a way buried by the parish! But then, ob, what shall I west of Scotland, he had formed an intimacy with a as to give him the least possible fatigue. Here she do ? Surely He that is the friend of the distressed, young woman, a farmer's daughter, who, it seems, tended him with all that care and tenderness with and sees even the fall of a sparrow, will raise up some returned his affection with so much enthusiasm, that which a mother watches over her child, while she at one to help me in this sore trial.” she at last consented to bis wishes, and they made a the same time toiled like a slave for his support and Fortunately, honest Robin Ferguson had not suffered runaway marriage. This affair was managed in all her own, till he was so far recovered as to be able to an exhaustion of practical benevolence in the case of tho respects as honourably as the circumstances admitted engage in such work as the place afforded. Well distressed family: he did that which few would volun. of; but the parents and relations of the new-made might he love and esteem the woman who had done tarily engage to execute : he was at the trouble and wife were so incensed at her taking such a step with so much for him !
expense of interring the mortal remains of his deceased out their approbation, and thus throwing herself away, About three years after her husband had been dis. neighbour, and therefyro relieving agonies of mind as they termed it, that they fairly disowned ber. charged, Agnes Lindsay gave birth to a daughter, which can be more easily imagined than described. On
The consequence of this imprudent marriage was, and at last fortune seemed to smile upon them. For I arriving at his own house, aster the funeral, he found
nearly a dozen of the most influential inhabitants of baith ; and in that case ye may easily spare half. | lairds or proprietors. But what was a thing of more the place, male and female, assembled to take the wi.
Patie may gie the makin' o' a pair o' consequence, their hearts had really mended with dow's present state and future prospects into consi. trousers, an' David the profit on a pair o shoon.' their fortunes, and they now began to think of acknow. deration. As Robin seated himself in his substantial He addressed several others in nearly the same ledging their disowned relation. She was traced out, arm-chair, and leaned his head on his hand for reflec- strain, then added, “ There is thirty shillings. This and kindly invited to join them along with her daugh. tion, the following conversation was going on in the will nearly pay all the debts. And for the support of ter at the west-country residence. She had, however, tolerably well-filled apartment.
the widow and her daughter, it will be an odd thing so many recollections to connect her with Hazelburn, * What d'ye think's to be done about it noo ?” said if two individuals should die of starvation in the that it were difficult to say if she would have accepted Eppie Livingstone, the wife of the tailor, to a gossip midst of so many Christians. We a' pretend to be of this invitation, bad it not been for the better pro. who sat beside her. " It's my opinion," said she who seekin' the way to the kingdom of heaven; but I'm spects which it promised for Lizzy, and more than was thus addressed, “that Nanny should apply to the far mista'en if mere speakin' ever brought ony body all, the earnest solicitations of Robin Ferguson, who folk at the big house ower bye. If them that hae there, unless they were blind or cripple; for then, to in this reconciliation foresaw a comfortable asylum for something, and that a gay gude something too, dinna be sure, they could do naething mair. We are a' her declining years. Brevity forbids that we should help poor bodies when they're ill aff, what can be ex. hale and stout, and though our incomes may be but dwell on the parting scene. It was deeply affecting pecket frae them that hae little mair than meat for sma', this is an opportunity for showing our willing to all concerned, but to none more so than Lizzy, who their ain and their bairns's mouths."
ness to obey the commands of Him who hath said, appeared to feel bitterly the pang of separation from “ That's very true ye're sayin', Peggy,” observed I will have mercy, and not sacrifice ;' and also bý her early home and her old friends. After many tears Jenny Dickson, a middle-aged unmarried female, who the mouth of his apostle, "If a brother or a sister be and repeated shaking of hands, “and casting many lived by "out-wark," as field labour is called in the naked, and destitute of daily food, and one of you say a lingering look behind,” Agnes and her daughter rural districts of Scotland; “ that's very true ye’re say unto them, Depart in peace, be ye warmed and be ye left Hazelburn. in'. Somebody should just gang ower bye the moru's filled, notwithstanding ye give them not those things We must now leave these two individuals, who mornin', and tell Mrs Gledstane a’ about Nanny's which are needful for the body, what doth it profit?"" have occupied so considerable a portion of our story,
She's no sic an ill body as some folk haud her Here the speaker paused for a few seconds; the com- to follow the history of Robin Ferguson. By this out to be. Ye ken how she sent a chicken to puir pany looked upon each other as if no one was willing time the wants of an increasing family, the oldest of Jamie a fortnight afore he dee'd. Forbye, she's an to speak first; and as none made answer, he resumed, whom could scarcely as yet do any thing for their own unco religious body, and never flytes less than aught while his keen grey eye, which seemed to dilate with support, had begun to press heavily upon him. And and-forty hours if ane o' the servants stays at hame strong feeling, waxed piercing in its expression, and this, with the depressed state of wages, and the little frae the kirk."
his brow half gathered to a frown as he spoke“ If, prospect which existed of things growing better in “ Aha, lass,” rejoined Eppie, “I see ye dinna ken after all your patters about ministers and sermons, this country, had made him turn his thoughts to Amethe bistory o the chicken. There's naebody kens ye are one and all so far gone and lost in the rica. To this he was farther induced by a small sum about it but mysel', and I had it frae the servin’-man, worship of Mammon, or so deeply embued with the of money left him by an uncle lately dead, which he Tammas, when he cam to the gudeman the other day spirit of seltishness, that ye can part with no useless deemed might be laid out more profitably tbere than to get a steek put in his new-turned coat-ye ken the ornament, and forego the thought of no idle finery, for here." There,” he argued, “it would purchase an Gledstanes aye gar their livery last twa years at least, the sake of a fellow-creature—if your road to heaven inheritance to his children_here it must go to sup. by turnin' them outside in, whilk is a puir thing i' lies over veils, and shawls, and trinkets, and trash, ply them with the necessaries of life." Urged by the main-however, as I was sayin' about the chicken, while others at your very doors may be in want of these considerations, he resolved to make the experiit was neither mair nor less than a bit howe-towdy food and raiment—then listen to what I say. Leave ment of crossing the Atlantic; and as soon as the that was deein' on its ain feet.” Here Sandy Pater- Agnes Lindsay and her orphan daughter to the care necessary preparations could be made, he with his son, a weaver of homespun goods for the neighbour- of Him who careth for the widow and the fatherless ; wife and family sailed for the Western World. The hood, took up his testimony in the debate—"I daresay and while, by the blessing of his providence, these voyage we pass over. Storms, and calms, and fresh ye're no far wrang, Eppie ; I hae wrought for the feet can carry me to my work, and this hand can turn breezes, have been too often described to admit of any Gledstanes afore noo, and I fand baith the mistress and an extra shovelful of earth in a day, they shall not thing new being said of them; it was as most voyages daughters aye jimp i’ the waft, but keen eneugh in want a morsel." As he uttered these words, he are, a mixture of these; and after being the usual seekin' the lang measure. I doubt they'll do little thrust forward his left foot, raised his brawny right time at sea, they arrived safely in Canada. At that for Nanny, although they may gie a capital preachin' arm, and shook his iron-coloured fist in their faces. period a sort of mist and indistinctness hung over on the needcessity o' practeesin' economy, and the His words, the tone in which they were uttered, his every thing connected with emigration. There were beauty o' puir folk aye lippenin' to themselves. It attitude and imposing look, might have well awed no accessible publications, as at the present day, from sets them weel that never kennd what it was to want into subjectiou hearts more stubborn than those of which the emigrant might collect all that it was de either a meltith o' meat, or siller to pit in their pouch, his hearers. But for this last appeal there was no cessary for him to know concerning the country, and to set up their snash about economy and independ- need, for the good people of Hazelburn were perfectly the course he should take. As a natural consequence
willing to give all that had been required of them; of this state of things, Robin Ferguson fell into the " It's my puir opinion,” observed Janet Culbertson, and it was the unwonted energy of the speaker, rather same error by which it would seem thousands of emi. the wife of the village shoemaker, " that Nanny's than any thing in his proposal, which had struck them grants have been nearly ruined, or at least made un. friends should be writcen to on the subject. Bluid is dumb.
comfortable for a great part of their lives, namely, aye thicker than water, and it will be a shame and In the course of the following week, Agnes Lindsay bargaining for too much land, to be paid for by in. disgrace if the relations o' the widow and fatherless received written discharges for the payment of the staiments, one of which was to become due every three bairn dinna noo come forward to help them. How coftin, and most of her other debts, from those to whom years, while a certain rate of interest was to be de. ever, i' the meantime it wadna be amiss to send to the they were owing, and she and her danghter had still manded for what remained, till the whole was cleared minister, and Mr Monypenny the elder, to see if morsel for subsistence. For a time the widow ap- off. they'll no gie a trifle to keep soul and body thegither. peared almost inconsolable ; but by degrees the claims Arrangements such as these, have, as we say, - What say ye till't, Andrew ?”
which her orphan child had upon ber for support be- ruined many a hopeless seccler in the “far west," “Me!" answered the party thus called upon for his gan to arouse her from the stupor of her sorrow, and, and they also promised to destroy the bopes of the opinion, a sort of humorist in his way—“me gie an contrary to expectation, her health began slowly to heroic Scottish peasant. Honest, hard-toiling Robin, opinion ! ye ken that's impossible. We were tellid
For a twelvemonth she continued rather with all his industry and ingenuity, and all the as. by the papers, only last week, that Daebody was fit to weakly, and during this period, how she was supported, sistance of his family to boot, could not manage to gie an opinion but them that were respectable; that was a mystery to many. “God,” she said, “had been liquidate the instalments as they became due. They was, thein that ha'e siller; and of course, as I've nae kind, and had stirred up friends to her, whom he consequently remained unpaid at a heavy rate of siller, I canna be expecket to hae ony sense!" would certainly reward for what they had done in his interest, which, like the lean kine, devoured the
During the whole of this profitless, yet on the own way and time;" then she would add a prayer, fat of all the labour that was exerted. To add whole well-meant colloquy, Robin had sat without “that such measure as they had meted to his, he in to the misfortunes of the family, sickness over. speaking, bis elbow resting on the arm of his chair, bis mercy would mete to them again in their day and took them; and this visitation tended considerably and his head leaning upon the palm of his hand. Per hour of need.” But she asked nothing of any one ; to diminish the general resources. Year after year haps he was arranging in his own mind those thoughts who these friends were, she did not seem at liberty to passed away, and the hopes of the family nearly merged to which he intended shortly to give utterance; and say, and thus doubt rested on the matter; only it was in despair. The bodily frame of the once muscular it might be that to this tact at arranging his ideas, so remarked, that during that twelvemonth Robert Fer- settler was now greatly impaired in strength and as to enable him to express them forcibly and fluently, guson was, if possible, more laborious than was his bulk. His height had diminished several inches, and he owed in a certain degree that superiority which he wont, while his family were less neatly clothed and his hair become nearly silver white. At last it was had acquired over the minds of others. Here, how their table more scantily furnished than they were resolved, if a modification of terms could not be obever, he could not keep his taciturnity much longer. before.
tained, to abandon the farm entirely; giving up as The tailor's wife, taking upon herself the task of sum. Agnes was now able to engage in such labour as the penalty of non-payment, all that had been done ming up the evidence, and founding a motion upon the place afforded, and her little Eliza, or Lizzy, was in the way of improvement--a cruel but a necessary the wisdom of the deliberative assembly, addressed growing up a thing of fairy loveliness. Like other consequence of the terms of the original bargain. him as follows :—“ Robin, as ye can speak better children, she ran about during the day, but the house With a bent-down frame, and a heavy heart, the than ony o' us, ye'll just step ower to the minister the of honest Robin was her constant haunt in the evenworthy man set out on his journey of many miles morn afore ye gang to your wark, an tell him a' about ings, and people even whispered that he was fonder through the woods to visit the agent of the company it; an ye can ca' on dir Monypenny as ye come hame; of her than of his own children. This, no doubt, was which claimed the possession of his property. The surely they'll never allow a decent industrious woman false. But he knew that she, poor thing, wanted a way was long and toilsome; but the agent's place of like Agnes Lindsay and her lassie to be starved aff father, and he wished, as much as possible, to prevent residence was finally reached, and Robin was tsbered the face o' the earth for want of assistance."
her from feeling the want. “Lizzy," he would say, into the office of the individual who was to determine “ Hang me in a hempen tether, and that's a licht drawing her towards him, clapping her little shoulder, whether he was to go forth as a servant of others in his word on sic an occasion as this,” said Robin, raising and stroking her shining hair with his hand, “ Lizzy, declining years, or retain his possession on more easy himself up in his chair as he spoke ; “hang me if you may yer have plenty of fine clothes to put on, and He soon saw the gentleman who was to be ever I wear my shoe soles gaun sic errands. Na, plenty of money to spend ; but you must never forget the arbiter of his fate. He was a Mr Ainsworth, who na, let them that are better acquainted wi' the grit that you were once poor. You must remember, too, had recently arrived in the country to supersede an folk than me gang an' solicit their cbarity, and maybe that, though you and a few others may be rich, there agent who had been withdrawn a short time before tak their taunts. But, hark ye, I'll tell ye what: I've are still many poor people in the world to instruct and The new functionary was a young man of respectable lang been thinkin'o'gettin' a pair o'blue chaith breeks assist.” To these observations this unostentatious appearance and pleasing countenance; and as he for Sabbath-day's wear, I'll e'en content mysel' wi' moralist was probably prompted by the knowledge kindly told his aged visitor to be seated, and tell him corduroy, an' there will be at least ten shillings o' which he had of her mother's relations being farmers, his case, something like a gleam of hope shot across difference between the prices : that I gie freely.. Meg, and a latent hope that they might yet recognise the old Robin's heart. The case was soon explained. I've heard you for the last three months crackin’about relationship, and provide for her coming into the Robin spoke with energy of all he had done for the a black veil ; an', if I'm no mista'en, I heard ye say world with better prospects than those which she ine ground, the clearings he had made in the dense forest, the tither day that ye had gotten siller to get it wi'; herited as a peasant's daughter.
and of the cottage he had reared. “ But," added he, I ken nae use veils are for, except to conceal fulk's The sagacious foresight of Robin proved correct. “ it is utterly impossible to make the two ends meet. faces after their owners hae grown ashamed o' them. The father and brothers of Agnes Lindsay, who, as We cannot procure money to pay the instalments, But to the point: it was cost ye a guinea ; lay by six- she stated, were farmers, and in good circumstances while the accumulating interest will soon entirely est teen shillings for some other purpose, and put aside at the time of her elopement, had risen to still greater up the property. Remit the interest, and I will enfive. Janet, you're intendin' to get a shawl for the opulence. They had enjoyed the benefit of those deavour, by a partial sale of the cleared land, to redeem preachings, I believe: ye may gong without a shawl high prices for grain which were the consequence of the burdens I so unfortunately took upon me." as weel as my wife, an'mony a better woman than ye the war; and from being farmers, they had become “ Your case," answered Mr Ainsworth, “is cere
tainly distressing, but I am sorry to say I can do no- cidents in any other light than as direct punishments constitution of the world, and they preferred acting thing to mitigate it; it is the case of many hundreds ; for infringement of the natural laws, and indirectly according to the suggestions of the propensities ; that my orders are imperative to enforce the terms of as a means of accomplishing moral and religious im is to say, they waged furious wars, and committed settlement. I can assure you I feel deeply for you. provement.
wasting devastations on each other's properties and But I have no alternative. I am afraid you must pre- Whatever we undertake in opposition to the moral lives. It is obvious from history, that the two nations pare to vacate your lot.”
law, being an enterprise against the course of nature, were equally ferocious, and delighted reciprocally in The land agent was proceeding to enforce the ar- cannot succeed ; and its fruits must therefore be dis. each other's calamities. This was clearly a violent gument for the old settler quitting his farm, when appointment and vexation. Inattention to the moral infringement of the moral law; and one effect of it the door of the office was opened by a young lady, the and intellectual law incapacitates us for obedience to was to render the possession of a stronghold an object wife of Mr Ainsworth. “ My dear,” said she, in the organic and physical laws; and sickness, pain, and of paramount importance. The hill on which the quiringly, " will you be long in being done with bu- poverty overtake us. The whole scheme of creation, Old Town of Edinburgh is built, was naturally sur. siness? I am now ready to go, and James is bringing then, appears constituted for the purpose of enforcing ronnded by marshes, and presented a perpendicular round the sleigh.” “Oh yes, my dear,” replied the obedience to the moral law: virtue, religion, and hap- front to the west, capable of being crowned with a husband, “I shall have done in an instant.--Mr Fer- piness, seem to be founded in the inherent constitution castle. It was appropriated with avidity, and the guson, I am sorry—you see it is out of my power to of the human faculties, and the adaptation of the ex- metropolis of Scotland was founded there, obviously do any thing I therefore must wish you good morning ternal world to them; and not to depend on the will, and undeniably under the inspiration purely of the -there is nothing for it but that Lot 73, Concession the fancies, or the desires of man.
animal faculties. It was fenced round with ramparts, B_Hazelburn as you call it-must be sold."
Having unfolded several of the natural laws, and built to exclude the fierce warriors who then inhabited Charles, Charles, what is all this I hear ?" said their effects, and having also attempted to show that the country lying south of the Tweed, and also to prothe lady hurriedly to her husband. “ Ferguson- each is inflexible and independent in itself, and re- tect the inhabitants from the feudal banditti who in. Hazelburn-did you say?-why, who is this old man quires absolute obedience (so that a man who neglects fested their own soil. The space within the walls, you are speaking to ?-Oh gracious! my heart is like the physical law will suffer the physical punish. however, was limited and narrow; the attractions to to burst !-it is my own good Robin Ferguson !” With ment, although he may be very attentive to the moral the spot were numerous; and to make the most of it, these words, and in the fondness of affection, did Mrs law; that one who infringes the organic law will suf. our ancestors erected the enormous masses of high, Ainsworth once the lovely little fairy being, Lizzy fer organic punishment, although he may obey the confused, and crowded buildings which now composé Lindsay—rush towards the bewildered, almost heart. physical law; and that a person who violates the mo. the High Street, and the wynds, or alleys, on its two broken Robin, and, seizing his hand, asked him if he ral law will suffer the moral punishment, although he sides. These abodes, moreover, were constructed, to had “ forgot the poor orphan lassie that he had been should observe the other two), I proceed to show the a great extent, of timber; for not only the joists and so kind to at Hazelburn, in dear old Scotland.” mutual relationship among these laws, and to adduce floors, but the partitions between the rooms, were made “ Aih, my bonny leddy, is it possible that ye can some instances of their joint operation.
of massive wood. Our ancestors did all this in the be her that was ance my ain wee Lizzy ? It surely The defective administration of justice is a fertile perfect knowledge of the physical law, that wood ig. canna be! Weel,” looking at her more closely, “ Í source of human suffering in all countries ; yet it is nited by fire not only is consumed itself
, but envelopes daresay ye are her after a'. Aih sirs, aih sirs, siccan surprising how rude are the arrangements which are in inevitable destruction every combustible object with. changes Wha wad bae thocht to find you in this still in use, even in a free and enlightened country, in its influence. Farther, their successors, even when faraway country ? But God be praised 'for a' his for accomplishing this important end.
the necessity for close building had ceased, persevered mercies! And how's your puir mother ? Is she aye frequently presents the following particulars for ob- every year added to the age of such fabriere din ceremsed
A Scotch Jury in a civil cause, even in Edinburgh, in the original error; and, though well knowing that to the fore yet ?”
“Oh, my dear good Robin,” replied the delighted servation. It consists of twelve men, eight or ten of their liability to burn, they not only allowed them to Mrs Ainsworth, " you must not sit here any longer. whom are collected from the country, within a dig. be occupied as shops filled with paper, spirits, and You must come into the house, and we shall hear all
tance of twenty or thirty miles of the capital. These other highly combustible materials, but let the upper the news of one another's families. Come-come
individuals hold the plough, wield the hammer or the floors for brothels-introducing thereby into the heart Charles, my love; this is the worthy man I have often hatchet, or carry on some other useful and respectable of this magazine of conflagration the most reckless and told you of who saved my poor mother from starva.
but laborious occupation, for six days in the week. immoral of mankind. The consummation was the tion and misery in the time of her heavy trials at
Their muscular systems are in constant exercise, and two tremendous fires in the month of November Hazelburn-he that attended to me in infancy as if I
their brains are rarely called on for any great exertion. 1824, which consumed the Parliament Square and a had been one of his own children. I owe him—we They are not accustomed to read, beyond the Bible portion of the High Street, destroying property to the both owe him-a heavy debt of gratitude, and let us
and a weekly newspaper; they are still less in the extent of many thousands of pounds, and spreading now pay it as we are best able.”
habit of thinking; and in general they live much in misery and ruin over a considerable part of the popu. Charles Ainsworth was a good young man, and dethe open air.
lation of Edinburgh. Wonder, consternation, and votedly attached to his wife. He therefore very rea
In this condition they are placed in a jury-box at awe, were forcibly excited at the vastness of the cala. dily agreed to Mr Ferguson's terms. Explanations from seven to twenty-five miles to reach the court :
ten in the morning, after having travelled probably mity; and in the sermons that were preached, and the were then given on both sides. Lizzy, it appeared, counsel address long speeches to them ; numerous wit of the inscrutable ways of Providence, that sent such
dissertations that were written upon it, much was said had lost her mother, and, afterwards, while paying a visit at Glasgow, had met Mr Ainsworth, who married
nesses are examined ; and the cause is branched out visitations on the people, enveloping the innocent and her, and took her with him to Canada, 'where he had into complicated details of fact, and wire-worn dis- the guilty in one common sweep of destruction. been appointed to an official situation of considerable tinctions in argument. The court is a small and ill.
According to the exposition of the ways of Provi. responsibility. Old Robin suppressed a sigh on learn- ventilated apartment, and in consequence is generally dence which I have ventured to give, there was noing the fate of the widow, but brightened up on hear. crowded and over-beated. Without being allowed to thing wonderful, nothing vengefui, nothing arbitrary,
in the whole occurrence. ing of the good fortune and happiness of his darling contined to their seats till eight or ten in the evening prise was, that it did not take place generations before.
The only reason for sur. spent in the reciprocation of the most cordial feelings – when they retire to return a verdict, by which they | The necessity for these fabrics originated in gross between these two old friends, and next day, laden with may dispose of thousands of pounds, and in which they violation of the moral law; they were constructed in affeetionate regards to all his family, and many little are required by law to be unanimous.
high contempt of the physical law; and, latterly, the presents besides, he took his way to his distant farm.
There is here a tissue of errors which could not ex. moral law was set at defiance, by placing in them in. ist for a day if the natural laws were generally under- habitants abandoned to the worst habits of recklessness
stood. First, the daily habits and occupations of such and intoxication. The Creator had bestowed on men OPERATION OF THE LAWS OF NATURE. jurors render their brains inactive, and their intellects faculties to perceive all this, and to avoid the calamity,
consequently incapable of attending to, and compre- whenever they chose to exert them; and the destruc. The following observations of Mr Combe, in his work hending, complicated cases of fact and argument. tion that ensued was the punishment of following the on the Constitution of Man, relative to the connexion Secondly, their memories cannot retain the facts, while propensities, in preference to the dictates of intellect subsisting between the moral and natural laws, and their skill in penmanship and literature is not suffi. and morality. The object of the destruction, as a na. their joint operation in the common concerns of life, cient to enable them to take notes ; and their reflect tural event, was to lead men to avoid repetition of the are exceedingly worthy of being made the subject of ing faculties are not capable of generalising. Their offences : but the principles of the divine government
education and daily pursuits, therefore, do not furnish are not yet comprehended. Acquisitiveness whispers reflection :
them with principles of thinking, and power of mental that more money may be made of houses consisting of " It has been objected that such punishments as the action, sufficient to enable them to unravel the web of five or six foors under one roof, than of houses con. breaking of an arm by a fall, are often so dispropor- intricacies presented to their understandings. Thirdly, sisting of only two or three; and erections the very tionately severe, that, in appointing them, the Crea- protracted confinement in a close apartment, amidst counterparts of the former, have since reared their tor must have had in view some other and more im. vitiated air, operates injuriously on the most vivacious heads on the spot where the others stood, and, sooner portant object than that of making them serve as temperaments :-on such men it has tenfold effect in or later, they also will be overtaken by the natural mere motives to the observance of the physical laws ; lowering the action of the brain and inducing mental laws, which never slumber or sleep. and that that object must be to influence the mind of incapacity, because it is diametrically opposed to their The true method of arriving at a sound view of ca. the sufferer, and draw his attention to concerns of usual condition. Add to these considerations, that lamities of this kind, is to direct our attention, in the higher import.
occasionally a jury trial lasts two, three, or even four first instance, to the law of nature, from the operation In answer I remark, that the human body is liable days, each of which presents a repetition of the cir- of which they have originated ; then to find out th to destruction by severe injuries; and that the de. cumstances here described ; and then the reader may uses and advantages of that law, when observed ; and gree of suffering, in general, bears a just proportion judge whether such jurors are the fittest instruments, to discover whether or not the evils under considerato the danger connected with the transgression. and in the best condition, for disposing of the fortunes tion have arisen from violation of it. In the present Thus, a slight surfeit is attended only with headache of a people who boast of their love of justice, and of instance, we ought never to lose sight of the fact, that or general uneasiness, because it does not endanger their admirable institutions for obtaining it.
the houses in question stood erect, and the furniture life; a fall on any muscular part of the body is In these instances there are evident infringements in safety, by the very same law of gravitation which followed either with no pain, or with only a slight of the organic and moral laws. The proper remedies made them topple to the foundation when it was in. indisposition, for the reason that it is not seriously in. will be found in educating the people more effectually, fringed; and that mankind enjoy all the benefits jurions to life ; but when a leg or arm is broken, the in training them to the exercise of their mental fa- which result from the combustibility of the timber as pain is intensely severe, because the bones of these culties, and in observing the organic laws in the struc. fuel, by the very same law which makes it, when un. limbs stand high in the scale of utility to man. The ture of court-rooms, and in the proceedings that take duly ignited, the food of a destructive conflagration. human body is so framed that it may fall nine times place within them.
Another example may be given. Men, by uniting and suffer little damage, but the tenth time a limb Another example of the combined operation of the under one leader, may, in virtue of the social law, acmay be broken, which will entail a painful chastise natural laws is afforded by the great tires which oc- quire prodigious advantages to themselves, which ment. By this arrangement the mind is kept alive curred in Edinburgh in November 1824, when the singly they could not obtain ; and, as formerly stated, to danger to such an extent as to insure general Parliament Square and a part of the High Street were the condition under which the benefits of that law are safety, while at the same time it is not overwhelmed consumed. That calamity may be viewed in the fol. permitted is, that the leader shall know and obey the with terror by punishments too severe and too fre. lowing light:- The Creator constituted England and natural laws connected with his enterprise : If he ne. quently repeated. In particular states of the body, a Scotland with such qualities, and placed them in such glect these, then the same principle which gives the Slight wound may be followed by inflammation and relationship, that the inhabitants of both kingdoms social body the benefit of his observing them, involves death ; but these are the results not simply of the would be most happy in acting towards each other, it in the punishment of his infringement; and this Found, but of a previous derangement of health, oc- and pursuing their separate vocacions, under the sus is just, because, under the natural law, the leader casioned by departures from the organic laws. premacy of the moral sentiments. We have lived to must necessarily be chosen by his followers, and they
On the whole, therefore, no adequate reason ap- see this practised, and to reap the ry vard. But the are responsible for not attending to his natural que. pears for regarding the consequences of physical ac- ancestors of the two nations did ni i believe in this lities. Some illustrations of the consequences of ne
glect of this law may be stated, in which the mixed The correspondent (Mr Stevenson, civil engineer) in is that of a village debauch, consequent upon a wed. operation of the physical and moral laws will appear. forins us, that having occasion, towards the conclusion ding :
During the French war, a squadron of Eoglish ships of his voyage, in the beginning of September last, to The smith's wife her black deary sought, was sent to the Baltic with military stores, and, in re- visit the Isle of Man, he beheld the interesting spec
And fand him skin and birn ;* turning home up the North Sea, they were beset, for tacle of about three hundred large fishing-boats, each Quoth she, “this day's wark's be dear bought.* two or three days, by a thick fog. It was about the from fifteen to twenty tons' burden, leaving their va.
He banned and ga'e a girn, middle of December, and no correct knowledge of their rious harbours at that island in an apparently fine Ca'd her a jaud, and said she might exact situation was possessed. Some of the command afternoon, and standing directly out to sea, with the
Gae hame and scum her kirn: ers proposed lying-to all night, and proceeding only intention of prosecuting the fishery under night. He “ Whist, ladren, for gin ye say ought during day, to avoid running ashore unawares. The at the same time remarked, that both the common
Mair, l'se wind you a pirn,
To reel some day.”+ commodore was exceedingly attached to bis wife and marine barometer, and Adie's sympiesometer, which family, and, stating his determination to pass Christ. were in the cabin of his vessel, indicated an approach
" Ye'll wind a pirn, ye silly snool ! mas with them in England if possible, ordered that ing change of weather, the mercury falling to 29.5
Wae worth your drunken saul !" the ships should sail straight on their voyage. The | inches. It became painful, therefore, to witness the
Quoth she, and lap out ower a stool,
And caught him by the spaul. very same night they all struck on a sand-bank off scene; more than a thousand industrious fishermen,
He shook her and sware muckle dool, the coast of Holland ; two ships of the line were dashed lulled to security by the fineness of the day, scattering
“ Ye'se thole for this, ye scaul; to pieces, and every man on board perished. The third their little barks over the face of the ocean, and thus
l'se rive frae aff your chafts the hool, ship, drawing less water, was forced over the bank by rushing forward to imminent danger, or probable de.
And learn ye to be baul' the waves and stranded on the beach; the crew was struction. At sunset, accordingly, the sky became
On sic a day." saved, but led to a captivity of many years' duration, cloudy and threatening, and in the course of the
“ Your tippanizing, scant-o'.grace," Now, these vessels were destroyed under the physical night it blew a very hard gale, which afterwards con.
Quoth she, “ laws; but this calamity owed its origin to the predo. tinued for three days successively. This gale com.
gars me gang duddy;
Our neibour Pate, sin' break o' day, 's minance of the animal over the moral and intellectual pletely dispersed the feet of boats, and it was not
Been thumping at his studdy. faculties in the commodore. The gratification which without theutmost difficulty that many of them reached An it be true that some fouk says, he sought to obtain was individual and seltish; and if the various creeks of the island. It is believed no lives
Ye'll giro yet in a wuddy.". his Benevolence, Veneration, Conscientiousness, and were lost on this occasion; but the boats were da
Syne, wi' her nails, she rave his face, Intellect, had been as alert as his domestic affections, maged, much tackle was destroyed, and the men were Made a' his black beard bloody and cawried as forcibly home to his mind the welfare unnecessarily exposed to danger and fatigue. Dur.
Wi' scarts that day. of the men under his charge as that of his own family; | ing the same storm, it may be remarked, thirteen ves
A gilpy that had seen the faught, nay, if these faculties had been sufficiently alive to see sels were either totally lost or stranded between the
I wat he wasna lang, the danger to which he exposed even his own life, and Isle of Anglesey and St Bee's Head in Lancashire. Till he had gathered seven or eight the happiness of his wife and children he never could Mr Stevenson remarks how much it is to be regretted
Wild hempies stout and strang; have followed the precipitate course which consigned that the barometer is so little in use in the mercantile They fra a barn kaibar raught, himself, and so many brave men, to a watery grave, marine of Great Britain, compared with the trading
Ane mounted wi' a bang. within a few hours after his resolution was formed. vessels of Holland ; and observes, that though the Betwixt twa's shoulders, and sat straught Some years ago, the Ogle Castle East Indiaman was common marine barometer is perhaps too cumbersome
Upon't, and rade the stang offered a pilot coming up the Channel, but the captain for the ordinary run of fisbing and coasting vessels,
On her that day. refused assistance, professing his own skill to be suf. yet Adie's sympiesometer is so extremely portable, The wives and gytlings a' spanged out, ficient. In a few hours the ship ran aground on a that it may be carried even in a Manx boat. Each
Ower middens and ower dykes, sand-bank, and every human being on board perished | lot of such vessels bas a commodore, under whose Wi' mony an unco skirl and shout, in the waves. This accident also arose from the phy. orders the fleet sails : it would therefore be a most de.
Like bum bees frae their bykes ; sical laws, but the unfavourable operation of it sprang sirable thing that a sympiesometer should be attached Through thick and thin they scoured about, from Self-Esteem, pretending to knowledge which the to each commodore's boat, from which a preconcert.
Plashing through dubs and sykes, intellect did not possess; and as it is only by employed signal of an expected gale or change of weather,
And sie a reird ran through the rout, ing the latter that obedience can be yielded to the as indicated by the sympiesometer, could easily be
Gart a' the hale town tykes physical laws, the destruction of the ship was indi. given."
Yamph loud that day. I rectly the consequence of the infringement of the moral
The writer in the Gentleman's Magazine, salready and intellectual laws.
quoted, relates that in his day (1791) it was customary, An old sailor, whom I met on the Queensferry pas.
RIDING THE STANG.
in England, for multitudes to assemble on the Ist of sage, told me that he had been nearly fifty years at Till a recent period, it was customary both in Eng. not join them, whether inbabitant or stranger, was
January, with baskets and stangs; and whoever did sea, and once was in a fifty-gun ship in the West Indies. The captain, he said, was a "fine man;" he land and Scotland to inflict a popular and extra-judicial immediately mounted and carried shoulder-height to knew the climate, and foresaw a hurricane coming, by punishment upon persons who had committed out- the next public-house, where a sixpence purchased his struck the topmasts, lowered the 'yards, lashed the rages on public decency, by mounting them a-straddle liberation. The women on these occasions were placed guns, and made each man supply himself with food upon a beam or pole, and thus parading them through
We have now to introduce a very curious document for thirty-six hours; and scarcely was this done when the streets, two persons supporting the beam upon on this subject, which was recently brought to ligbe. the hurricane came. The ship lay for fuur hours on their shoulders, while a third proclaimed the guilt of It is the “ Complaint of Ann Johnston and others her beam-ends in the water, but all was prepared; the the offender. Men who were notorious for beating of Huntly," against Mr John Fraser, husband to
unto the much-honoured the Baillie of the Regality every exertion; the ship at last righted, suffered little their wives, and wives who exercised an undue and Ann Johnston, and humbly shows" as follows:damage, and proceeded on her voyage. The fleet which rigorous ascendancy over their husbands, and in ge- “ That upon the 11th of January instant (1734) she convoyed was dispersed, and a great number of the neral all who offended conspicuously against the pre. the said Mr John Fraser did, under cloud of night, from the supremacy of the moral and intellectual fa- and yet were exempt from the touch of the laws, and great' hazard and peril of her life. And not only ships foundered. Here we see the benefits accruing vailing sense of propriety, whatever that might be, most inhumanly and barbarously beat and bruise Ana
Johnston, his said spouse, to the effusion of her blood culties, and discover to what a surprising extent these present a guarantee even against the fury of the phy. were treated in this manner, the females being usualiy then, but it is his constant practice, as can be attested sical elements in their highest state of agitation.
allowed the privilege of sitting in a basket, “in com. by serwalls of the neighbourhead, who have divin A striking illustration of the kind of protection af. pliment,” says a writer in the Gentleman's Magazine, and sundry times risen from their beds at midnight, forded by higla moral and intellectual qualities, even to the use of side-saddles.” Brockett, in his Glos- and has rescued her out of his merciless hands, or she amidst the inost desperate physical circumstances, is
had been most miserably butchered by him. And furnished by the following letter, written by the late sary of North.Country Words, says it was resorted to
seeing your petitioners are informed that said Fraser Admiral Lord Exmouth to a friend. Why do you in the case of “persons who followed their occupations bas given in ane information to your lordshipe against ask me to relate the wreck of the Dutton ?" says during particular festivals or holidays, or at prohibited some of our good neighbours, who upon Saturday lau his lordship... 'Susan (Lady Exmouth) and I were times when there was a stand or combination amongst being the twelth instant went to his house, alleadging driving to a dinner-party at Plymouth, when we saw workmen.” According to this writer, it is not yet such cases), but, to our certain knowledge, with no
they would cause bim ride the stang (use and wont in crowds running to the Hoe; and learning it was a wreck, I left the carriage to take her on, and joined altogether disused in the north of England, particu. other design than to fright and deter him from his the crowd. I saw the loss of the whole five or six larly among the boys, who, “when they cannot lay villanous and cruel usage of his said spouse in all time hundred men was inevitable without somebody to di. hold of the culprit himself, cause one of their number coming :-Mayit therefore please your lordshipe to take rect them, for the last officer was pulled on shore as to mount the stang in his place, and proclaim his this, our more than most lamentable case, into your most refused ; upon which I made the rope fast to myself; the same tumultuous cries, if not with increased shouts this
in most parts of this kingdome, being I reached the surf. I urged their return, which was crime : in which case the ceremony is attended with serious consideration, by granting a toleration to the
stang, which has not only ever been practicable in and was hauled through the surf on board-established order, and did not leave her until every soul was saved of acclamation. When the object is to punish a vi.
wee know no act of Parliament to the contrair: or but the boatswain, who would not go before me. I rago who has overpowered the manhood of her hus. else, if your lordship can fall upon a more prudent got safe, and so did he, and the ship went all to pieces.' band, a neighbour mounts, and goes through the method, wee most humbly beg your opinion for preThere is reason to believe that the human intel.
venting more fatal consequences. Otherways, upon lect will, in time, be able, by ineans of science and ceremony in the same fashion, sometimes lamenting the least disobligement given, we must expect to fall
the case of his henpecked friend in doggrel rhyme. victims to our husbands' displeasure, from which observation, to arrive at a correct anticipation of ap. proaching storms, and thus obtain protection against Malcolm, in his Anecdotes of London, relates an in- libera nos, Domine ! their effecis. The New Zealanders, it is said, predict cident of this kind, which took place in the metropolis (Signed) Ann Johnston, Agnes Scot, Lilles Gor. the changes of the weather with extraordinary skill. in 1697. The offender was a porter's wife, who had
don, Elizabeth Boigie, Jen Guthrie, Janet “One evening, when Captain Cruise and some of beaten her husband so unmercifully, that he was fain
Roy, Barbara Jessiman, Grizell Allan, Janet his friends were returning from a long excursion up
Forsyth, Agnes Gordon, Isobal Kemp." one of the rivers, although the sky was at the time to leap out of a window to escape her fury. The pro
It appears from further documents, that the peti. without a cloud, a native who sat in the boat with cession was headed by a drum, and accompanied by a
tioners, being disappointed of the object of their appli. them, remarked that there would be he rain the lady's inner garment as a banner, while about seventy cation, soon after took the law in their own hands, next day; a prediction which they were the more in coalheavers, carmen, and porters, followed, collecting and “ violently attackt the person of the said John clined to believe, by finding, when they returned on
money from the crowd. It would appear that, in Fraser, in the face of the sun, about three in the board the ship, that the barometer had fallen very much, and which the deluge of the following morning Scotland, the vicarial mode of the stang was much in afternoon, tore
his clothes, and abused his person by
carrying him in a publick manner through the town completely confirmed."* vogue a century ago, as Allan Ramsay, in a note to
of Huntly upon a tree ;" for which outrage they were The utility of the marine barometer, or the sympie. his Christ's Kirk on the Green, describes the ceremony punished by fine, and obliged to find caution. The someter, in indicating approaching storms, is strikingly as taking place in that manner, without the least al. shown by the following extract from the Edinburgh lusion to any other. As the passage of the poem which * With all the marks of her drunken husband about him. Philosophical Journal. gives occasion to this note contains a remarkably cha- † A proverbial expression of malicious threatening.
# We have always considered this as one of the best descriptive racteristic description of a riding of the slang, we may • Library of Entertaining Knowledge; The New Zealanders,
verses in any language, and regret that its merits cannot be fully present it in this place. — premising that the time I inte ligible to the English reader.