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Another description of early occupation is the post-products, to be gathered, and the superabundance re- we still hear it sounded along one or other of the ing of bills or placards announcing public amuse- duces the price 80 suddenly, that these intermediate pretty little streets in the environs of the metropoments, exhibitions, sales, losses, &c.

The persons

dealers between the shopkeepers and the costard. lis, and see the trimly.decked servant-girls tripping thus employed are called billstickers ; they receive mongers take advantage of the events, and, by pur. from the houses, and negociating the purchase of a the placards, some of which are between two and three chasing largely, supply the middle classes of society at “penn'orth.” feet square, from the proprietor, with orders to place a very reasonable rate.

There are other descriptions of persons who, with them in the most conspicuous situations. This they There are also numbers of Jews constantly parad- horse and cart, cry through the streets Blooming do most effectually. No surface which can be used is ing the streets, each with his bag and sonorous tone, Aowers for the garden,” and in the season display free from being plastered over with papers of all co. crying "clow” (or clothes). These individuals pur. many of the choice productions of the florist's care, Jours, and letters of all sizes. Let a house become chase every description of wearing apparel, though at as well as the ordinary shrubs and annuals; the uninhabited, and the windows and walls are covered exceedingly low prices. It is said that an offer for an charge being regulated by the rarity or peculiar beauty three deep in a few days. When a house is burnt article made by one of the fraternity, however low, of the plant. When reasonable in price, the stock is down, the billmen fly in crowds to the spot. While will never be advanced upon by another; furnishing a soon disposed of, either to decorate the windows, or to the ruins are yet smoking, and the gaping multi proof of extensive communication among them. Shab. enrich the little plots of ground in the rear of the tude thronging to see the effects of the catastrophe, by as these Jews appear in the course of their occu• dwellings, which, by successive additions, are often up go the haunting placards on the gaunt gables of the pation as gatherers of old clothes, many of them are kept in a beautiful and highly gratifying state of luxa. adjoining domiciles. In a few hours the whole exte- opulent, and, when at home with their families, live riance. rior of the ruin is an universal show of bills, of every in a degree of elegance which the rest of mankind Within a few years past, venders of potatoes have imaginable colour and capability of attraction. Bill. are by no means aware of. sticking is a science. It requires “ machinery.” To faults of the Jews, they will seldom if ever be found multiplied surprisingly. The cry of this class of per

sons is “'Taters all hot ;" and while thus sounding hoist a square yard of wet paper fifty feet in height, indulging in the low habits of the intemperate part the name of their wares, they bear about large tin and there impose it on a dead wall, is a feat which it is of the population. They spend most of their leisure boxes, arranged with charcoal fires at the bottom ; no easy matter to perform. The sticker's machinery hours in the bosom of their families, at their own fire above are several drawers, in which are layers of poconsists of a number of ferruled sticks, which, like a sides.

tatoes baked, or baking—those on the top being fishing.rod, can be lengthened by joints ; in the front There are also great numbers of porters to be seen

steamed by the moisture from those below. The pur. be carries a large tin box containing his paste and with packages of various sizes, and others who are chaser is supplied with a morsel of butter and salt at brush. As soon as he reaches a proper place for executing the commissions of their employers with at. discretion to a potato, and all for a halfpenny. These the display of his placard, his padded cross-piece is tention and dispatch. Of this description there are

dealers are much encouraged by the industrious poor, fixed to the first joint, the paper is pasted, the handle many who live in respectability in the suburbs of the and they deserve to be so. They sell a warm mouth. lengthened, the notice mounts thirty, forty, or fifty metropolis, one porter perhaps transacting business ful to many a cold and wearied passenger. feet, is stuck on the spot, and, being dexterously dabbed for several residents in his neighbourhood. He calls on the edges, is left in security and lofty attraction in the morning, receives orders to deliver parcels, and until obliterated by succeeding billstickers. to pay or to take money in London, whatever be the

THE LOUVRE. The trade of the billsticker is less peculiar to Lon. amount. Confidence of this kind is never abused ; don than that of the street-grubber. 'In the streets of he is sober and diligent, and therefore receives the None of the spectacles exhibited to strangers in Paris London and Westminster, which have not been ma. reward he deserves. By one man in a neighbourhood are usually beheld with such feelings of delight as the cadamised, persons may be seen with a large leathern thus acting as a servant to a number of householders; Louvre. It is delight accompanied with astonishmens bag attached to their girdle, and in a stooping posi- individuals are spared the expense of keeping special - astonishment at the vastness of the collection of tion scraping between the paved stones of the car. assistants. Of the various servants and assistants to riage.way, with a flattened piece of wood, in search of the tradesmen and shopkeepers of the metropolis who paintings and works of art stored up in a single build. nails that may have dropped from horses' shoes. It is crowd the streets, it would be useless, if not impossi. ing. The collection is nothing, no doubt, in point of said gold and silver at times go into the leathern bag, ble, to take notice; and the same may be said of those excellence to that of the Vatican or of other stores in but the old horse-nail is the ostensible object of search, attached to the wealthier classes. They require a host Rome; but keeping this comparison out of view, and being valuable as iron properly welded, and best suited of officials, who figure in the mass without increasing speaking of it as an object within reach, the Louvre to be made into good nails for the shoeing of horses its value in a mercantile

point of view;

yet they, and is certainly a most extraordinary spectacle of its kind, in perpetuity.

Other persons may be observed picking up scraps into circulation an immense amount of capital, which, and so well worthy of being visited, that, should the of rag or paper ; indeed, every refuse of the shops spreading through various ramifications, gives comfort traveller see nothing else in Paris, his time and money seems to be of some value when assorted for particular to many, and furnishes subsistence to numerous in. will not be misspent in the journey. uses—the linen to be cleansed and prepared for the dustrious individuals. paper manufacturer ; woollen rags to be cleansed and The cries of London, about which so much has been

In the course of our rambling description of Paris, prepared for grinding, so fine as to be strewed on those written and said, seem to be softening into compara presented a few months ago in the Journal, we did patterns of paper.hangings which are called flock ;tive silence ; there are some, however, to which our little else than notice the external character and his. scraps of glove-leather to be cleansed and prepared for fathers were strangers. “ Dog's meat,” and “Cat's tory of the Louvre, leaving a detail respecting its the making of size ; pieces of string, coloured papers, meat,” especially, cannot fail to attract the notice of present collection of pictures and statues to form the or cotton, for the mills at which coarse brown pack strangers. This food for domestic animals is carried ing-paper is manufactured ; and pieces of iron and through the streets in miniature carts, drawn on two subject of a subsequent paper, which may now be various discarded morsels of metal, useless when singly or four wheels by one or two dogs, who appear to be given. The Louvre, it may be mentioned, was for. considered, but valuable in collected masses, and sold 28 well acquainted with the regular customers as the merly one of the principal royal palaces in Paris, at the foundries. These pickers of the very refuse of master, for they never fail to stop at the proper doors. Here was held the court of the famed Henri Quatre ; the streets have their comforts, and instances have These dealers are supplied with the meat by men who here figured, for a period, the unfortunate Mary been known where their honesty in restoring lost purchase old worn out horses for the sake of their Queen of Scots. From being a place of royal resi. valuables has been properly rewarded.

There is a class whose regular search is for bones, where the animals are skinned, and the flesh boiled, dence, it at length, about the year 1700, became the arising from a knowledge of their convertibility. and sold at moderate charges to the dog's-meat-men, seat of various academies, and latterly its chief apart. Bones are valuable for many purposes ; the clear parts who cut the masses of flesh into slices of a quarter of ments were dedicated to their present purpose a na. may be used for the handles of knives, toys, and or. a pound each, through which a skewer is stuck, and

tional gallery of the fine arts, under the patronage of namental objects ; certain bones are adapted to burn thus handed to the servants. Persons in the country, for producing the best ivory-black, and are useful in who generally contrive to support their canine attend.

royalty. chemistry. From every description of bone, grease for ants by the offal of their tables, will be surprised to There was a period when the Louvre contained all the soap.boiler may be extracted, and all are valuable learn that the people of London purchase a peculiar the masterpieces of ancient and modern statuary, when pulverised for the purposes of agriculture. aliment for them; but their surprise will dessen, when with all the most esteemed paintings of the various These collectors appear to be the most humble and they reflect on the high price of all kinds of butcher schools of Europe.* Napoleon copceived the idea of precariously supported of human beings, but they are meat in the metropolis. This causes families to pur. civil, and superior to alms-begging. With a large chase only as much as will leave none to be wasted, rendering France renowned for possessing those pro. rush basket, or more frequently two, they pursue their thereby leaving their domestic animals to be fed on inductions of high art, which for a long period of time avocation ; not one of them would refuse to give all ferior and lower-priced victuals. Besides, there are had induced the wealthy and the ingenious of differ. the information in his power respecting the apparently great numbers of warehouses and shops, where no

ent nations to visit Italy and Flanders. By right of degrading occupation by which he earns a subsist. cooking is carried on; and hence the cats and dogs of ence. They usefully fill the station they have chosen, such establishments require special dishes for them. conquest, the emperor of France therefore transferred and furnish one among many other proofs, that in a selves. If the dogs of 'London be well cared for in to the Louvre all that was attractive in taste and ta. large commercial community the most triling details this respect, care is also taken that they do something lent. Such was the effect of this vast assemblage of may become important by judicious management. If in return; their life is no sinecure. In all direc- works of art, that the advantages derived from the the stranger in London continue to observe all that tions you see them yoked to little carts, belonging to influx of strangers were doubled in amount compared may occur in the streets during the morning, his mind various descriptions of tradesmen. It cannot be said will become bewildered by the minuteness of the sub- that there is any peculiar breed of dogs employed in with previous years. By a catalogue published division of labour, and in scrutinising the character this branch of industry. You find individuals in 1814, this superb collection contained one thousand and classification of the thousands about him. That harness of every imaginable tribe, from the thick. two hundred and twenty-four pictures of the first da. one-half know not how the other half exist, is a re- headed mastiff down to the puniest mongrel. We gree of excellence. By the terms of the capitulation mark frequently made by those who are struggling to would advise no dog who values a leisurely idle life, of Paris to the allied powers, shortly after the battle obtain their daily food ; and no saying is more true as to set his nose within the precincts of London. regards the inhabitants of the metropolis.

The English are the cleanliest people on the face of of Waterloo, numbers of the most valuable productions Numbers of persons, denominated costard-mongers, the earth. No doubt there are many in Scotland who of art were returned to the places whence they had from the commodity in which they deal being carried might compete with them in this respect ; still they been brought, and the gallery of the Louvre was on the head, may be seen hurrying from the respec. must be allowed to carry off the palm of victory in consequently shorn of a great portion of its brilliancy, tive markets with fish and various other necessaries all that respects perfect tidiness in the household me. of life. At their homes the fish are cleansed, the ve. nage. The English excel all the world in the matter

The vacant spaces caused by the removal were soon getables trimmed, and all made as attractive as pos.of cleaning their windows and doors, and really give a after occupied by the splendid series of pictures painted sible; after which they proceed to cry their articles wonderful air of neatness to their dwellings. The by Rubens, when under the patronage of Marie de along the streets, but chiefly to call at the houses of Scotch are not a window.cleaning nation-the Eng: Medicis, second consort of Henry IV.; which paint. those deemed occasional customers, to whom their at. lish are decidedly so. The window.frames glitter and ings had, till this period, enriched the palace of the tention is regular and respectful. There are other sparkle like diamonds, from the Borders all along to dealers of this description, who appear in the streets the British Channel. The London housekeepers are

Luxembourg—another royal residence in Paris. The with carts or asses with panniers, laden with such not only remarkable for this particular, but also for Louvre was also sought to be restored in its attracarticles as may have overstocked the markets, and, in the brilliant whiteness of the stone-steps and paths in consequence, proportionably cheap-fish and vege. front of their doors. They do not slop them over with

* In the fine arts the term "school" means the peculiar drawing, tables more particularly. Fine sunny mornings will the hazy trash called caumstone in the north, but have colouring, and effect of some painter who taught in Rome, vecause immense quantities of mackerel to glut the mar- them rubbed with a much superior material, which

nice, or other parts of the world. “School" also includes the works kets. Fine showers, followed by warmth, will com. they denominate hearth-stone. “ Hearth-stones” is of all those who may have studied under, or who may have adopted pel peas, beans, cauliflowers, and other vegetable still one of the famous cries of London. We think

the principles of, a particular master, .

tions, by additions from all the royal collections and alms," is full of feeling and masterly touch; the cattle possessed by a workman who has a little knowledge other sources whence evident superiority of talent of Van der Velde, in 780, are beautifully painted; of drawing over another who is ignorant of its prin. could be drawn. In consequence of these exertions, the rich compositions of Wouvermans, his beautiful ciples, that no opportunity should be omitted to render

the mind familiar with paintings and sculpture. Most the Louvre now displays an assemblage of pictures groups of figures and cattie, deserve the h’ghest en probably from an intimacy with works of art

, and the ranking among the noblest efforts of the pencil. comiums, particularly in pictures 806 and 819. taste thence derived, may be attributed that respect

The entrance to the Museum of Paintings is from The varieties of excellence which the pencil is ca. which is felt for such productions by the lower orders the Place du Musée. The vestibule, which first pre- pable of displaying, may here be contemplated by all in France.

who are desirous of knowing by what means they sents itself, is elegant, leading gradually, as you ascend

may obtain information respecting the constituent a stair richly decorated with statues and bas-reliefs, parts of perspective, drawing, anatomy, expression,

A LEISTERING PLOY. into an antechamber correspondingly embellished ;- light, shade, colour, harmony, and general effect, in

[From Stoddart's Scottish Angler.] thence you enter the saloon–a larger antechamber all the force with which they were impressed on the

A MONG the amusements of the lower orders in Scotthe walls of which are covered with pictures, chiefly minds of different artists whose works are exhibited.

In this display of talent, it has been considered land, that of spearing, or, as it is more popularly of modern schools of art; thence to the grand gal. | most proper to commence with the modern, and, by / termed, leistering the salmon, is by far the most excite lery. The effect is bere astonishing! The gallery way of climax, terminate with the old, masters. The ing. It is, we allow, a matter of no doubt that this is 1332 feet in length, presenting a magnificent per- wealth and splendour of successive pontiffs, by their

method of destroying fish is greatly prejudicial to

their increase ; that by it vast numbers of salmon spective of columns, between which are vases of por- encouragement to artists, tended to produce that ex.

loaded with spawn are annually slaughtered, at a time phyry, or alabaster busts of celebrated men ; in the traordinary talent which is exhibited in the paintings when they can be turned to very little profit : but we

of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, during which mid.distance, and in the centre of the floor, is placed a vast conception and vigorous execution led to the idea

are by no means prepared, without very solid reasons, globe of large dimensions, which judiciously contrasts that painting should be more than a simple imitation sweepingly to condemn a practice permitted by imme

morial usage, and which obtains the character of a with the numerous vertical lines of the gallery. The of nature. Michael Angelo and Raphael are most

manly and vigorous sport. whole is lighted by windows and skylights, and is dis prominent in beauty and energy; but these great re. vided into nine divisions by arches, each resting on quisites in painting are to be found in the works of

We have too great a love for our national amuse. all those painters who were employed to decorate ments, to wish them altogether deranged by the un. four Corinthian pillars of costly marble

. The first, the altars or the churches of Italy. The third di- seasonable interference of the law; and with respect second, and third divisions of the gallery, contain pic. vision of the gallery of the Louvre, therefore, con

to the use of the leister as a method of killing fish, we tures by artists of the French school. The fourth, tains subjects, chietiy from sacred history, in which would rather see it encouraged, within certain limits, fifth, and sixth divisions, display paintings of the Gera fine imagination, regulated by expression and dig.

than tyrannically suppressed, which we know, in the man, Flemish, and Dutch schools. The seventh, Subjects from profane history are not very conspicu: the old spirit of the Border.

nified simplicity, present to us such surprising effeces. south of Scotland, it never can be, as long as exists eighth, and ninth divisions, are enriched by master- ous in the Louvre; and, independently of the declining

A short description of this national mode of salmon. pieces of the Italian and Spanish schools. Amid the taste for such representations, they are in many re

taking cannot fail to be interesting to our readers. profusion of decoration, bas-relief, carving, gilding, which the paintings of Carrache demand the visitor's cally as possible a leistering ploy on one of our waters.

;

We shall accordingly attempt to sketch off as graphi. and painting, which every where prevail, the eye be

attention. Nativities, crucifixions, and entombments, The months most suitable for this amusement in the comes dazzled with the splendour, and the lid drops are varied in every variety of groupings. Martyrdoms southern districts of Scotland, are those of October to introduce repose on a scene so instructive and mag- of saints and early Christians are thickly scattered and November, about and immediately after closetime. nificent. Proceeding along the gallery, artists from along the walls of the gallery. Those who have sa. On the subsiding of a heavy food, which, during all nations may be seen with their palettes and pen. tisfaction in observing the treatment of the same

these months, brings into the tributaries of Tweed a cils, emulating their predecessors, and among whom subject by masters of the different schools of Italy, considerable number of salmon, grilses, and sea-trout,

may find ample scope for comparison. Cimabue and a party is generally formed, composed of the male in. are many of the fair sex, whose talents are evident, Leonardo da Vincini of the Florentine school, Cor- habitants of the parish or district

, from old men of even when compared with those of the beautiful origi. regio of the school of Parma, Domenichino and Guido threescore down to boys in their earliest teens. For Dals before them. of the Bolonaise school, Paul Veronese and Titian of several days previous, the blacksmiths, miles about,

are employed in sharpening up and repairing the leis. The enumeration of the pictures that form this col- the Venetian school, and Raphael of the Roman

ters or salmon spears, which are commonly three or iection must be left to the catalogue, which may be school, have all exercised their talents on the Mother and infant Jesus, with surprising purity of expres

four pronged, and have long slender shafts formed of obtained at the entrance. There are altogether no sion and beauty of representation, affected more or

ash or fir. Torches also of pitch, rosin, old ropes, and fewer than one thousand two hundred and eighty-six less by taste in design, depth of shade, or mellowness tax, are made ready—the state of the water is dispaintings, possessing merit of superior order, many of of touch.

cussed—and a mimickry of the bustle prevalent before

The splendour of this immense collection is over- a foray, or martial adventure, is enacted among the unrivalled excellence ; a few of the most striking may whelming; the eye wanders with the mind from one petty villages or farm-houses bordering upon the be mentioned. In the first divisions of the French picture to another, collecting from mere glances a beschool, No. 40, Belisarius asking alms, by A. Coypel; I wildering satisfaction ; nor until after repeated visits On the afternoon of the intended operations, and No. 101, the tent of Darius, by C. Lebrun ; a series can the beauties that adorn the walls of the gallery immediately previous to their setting forth, every pubof pictures, by Le Sueur, representing the chief cir. be appreciated. There are seats on each side, on which lic-house contains a number of small and select groups, cumstances attending the life of St Bruno, from No. visitors may be seen inspecting the particular objects talking over their former feats and fortunes. Here

of their notice, sketching from them, or making notes is no less a personage than the Ettrick Shepherd, a 125 to 148; many beautiful subjects, in which atmo. -placing on record the gratification they have re. good hand both at the rod and leister ; on his right spheric effect is exquisitely painted, by Claud Lorraine, ceived.

sit Wat Amos, and David Turnbull, landlord of the from No. 162 to 177 ; many splendid examples, bis. The Museum of Antiques is also within the palace Gordon Arms, below Benger Knowe; to the left of torical scenes, and enriched landscapes, by N. Poussin, of the Louvre, occupying some spacious galleries be the poet are seated Thorburn of Juniper Bank and from No. 196 to 234; No. 246, portrait, by H. Rigaud, placed the finest specimens of ancient sculpture, those anglers on Tweedside ; at another corner you may

neath that appropriated to paintings. Here once were Forster of Coldstream, without question the ablest is particularly fine ; the ports of France, by C. J. of the grand style of the art when brought to perfec- discern Walter Brydon of Ettrick, surrounded by a Vernet, with many other marine subjects, are excel. tion by Phidias, Polycletus, Scopas, Lysippus, and bevy of Scotts, Laidlaws, and Andersons. lent specimens of his art, from No. 279 to 305 ; No. other illustrious artists of Greece, whó considered Jamie," as Mr Hogg terms his only son, lingers im. 308, a portrait of Fénélon, by Vivien, is finely paint that figures could not be graceful if deficient in beauty, patiently outside, and, though a boy, is by no means ed. In the second divisions, or Flemish and Dutch the Venus de Medicis and the Apollo Belvidere. too, is old "Jock Gray,” the Edie Ochiltree of Sir

gesture, and expression, such as may be discovered in unlearned in the art of transfixing a salmon. Here, schools, the pictures of Berghem are in the first style Another style of high art is displayed in the Laocoon, Walter Scott, the veriest gaberlunzie man in broad of beauty in composition, and many of them exquisite, where the sufferings of the body and the elevation of Scotland, and one of the best mimics alive. from No. 331 to 541 ; there are some highly finished soul are expressed in every member with great energy But the sun is now gone down, and a star or two subjects of domestic scenes, by G. Donw_Nos. 414 and and truth of expression. These three pieces of statuary, peer out from the eastern bend of heaven. Yarrow, 416 would bear examination with a microscope!-many admiration of all beholders, were removed in 1815 to which continue to attract the attention and obtain the chafing her banks, is listened to by the eager band

who are assembled outside the Gordon Arms, some Scriptural subjects, by Vandyke, are in the grand style their previous stations in Italy. There are, however, armed with leisters, others waving red and gleaming of art, more particularly No. 425; numerous portraits sufficient in the museum to afford a high degree of torches, which cast their far reflections into the core which exhibit the truth of nature united to the per. the principal object they each contain, as the hall of by the Ettrick Shepherd, and in the space of five mi. fection of drawing, as, for instance, 433, 436, and

the Roman Emperors, the ball of the Seasons, the nutes our gallant group of Borderers are waist-deep 442; the interior and domestic groups, by Metzu, are hall of Peace, the ball of Roman Senators, Orators, in the bridge pool, on the look out for a salmon. beautifully painted, particularly Nos. 569 and 570 ; and others; the hall of the Centaur, the hall of Diana, One who has not witnessed it will be surprised at the familiar scene, No. 594, by Mieris, is painted with the hall of the Candelabre, the hall of the Tiber, the the effect of a torch held over a stream during a dark great attention to truth; the Ostades Adrian and Isaac hall of the Gladiator, the hall of Pallas, the hall of night. Without being magical, it is astonishing:

Melpomene. These are the chief, but there are others every pebble is revealed, every fish rendered visible appear to advantage in Nos. 624 and 634 ; there are

containing objects of extraordinary talent; the whole in places even where the water is some fathoms deep. several pictures, by Polenberg, of landscapes with ruins, affording

specimens of the mythological figures of None of these, however, occur in Yarrow; in its in which the figures are finely coloured, particularly ancient Greece-the illustrious individuals of Rome most unfordable parts, you will seldom meet with Nos. 610 and 641; the portraits by Rembrandt are of in perfect figures and in busts, together with modern any very profound or dangerous abysses. It is one the first description, particularly Nos. 667 and 672. tify the most ardent searcher after form, character, with variety; an almost uniform depth of channel,

of those rarely wrought waters wbich blend harmony Here are also the splendid pictures by Rubens, com

and expression, through all the gradations, from the with a pleasant mutability in the aspect and forma. mencing at No. 677 and terminating at 718, a few of ideal to the unsophisticated representation of the hu. tion of its banks. which are from sacred history; No. 683 is a splendid man figure. Amid these examples of surprising But, ho! a salmon is discovered; and the rapid picture, and the portraits, particularly No. 715, are

talent, numerous students may be seen copying, mea. plunge of a leister from the arm of a brawny shepfinely painted ; but it is the emblematic representa suring the proportions, correcting their tastes, and herd, followed by an exclamation of disappoictment, tions of the principal circumstances attending the life improving their judgments.

indicates that it has escaped his too eager and agi.

The ready access afforded to the Louvre to all classes tated aim; yet its fate is fixed there is cooler blood, of Marie de Medicis, that display the power of Rubens of society naturally contributes to an extension of taste and a more practised hand, present, than that of this in invention, gorgeous arrangement, surprising beauty for the fine arts, the knowledge of which is of increasing untried youth: for there stands Thorburn, his nicely of colour, adi vigour of effect. The truth of Ruys importance to operatives in every department of com- poised leister directed, as from his eye, upon the dael's colour and touch in expressing water, is finely mercial pursuit, more particularly where the study of broad Alank of the silvery fish, as it rushes, arrowlike,

form, hue, or adaptation of parts, as in mechanism, up the current. A shout, not loud but joyous, procopied from nature in Nos. 720 and 721 ; the animals arrangement of colours, elegance of design, or consor- claims the success of the blow, and, fast pinned by the of Sneyders are perfect representations of nature, in mity, become essential to practical efficacy and perfec. unerring spear, writhes a fine newruu grilse in four 738 and 741 ; D. Teniers, in No. 760, " distributing tion. This is 80 strikingly evident in the advantages I feet water, unable to break from the firm hold of its

stream,

“ Wee

comm

relentless captor, who soon drags it ashore and com. among the whole party, The best, a fresh-run eal.

bour; and, therefore, there are some people who say pletes its destruction. mon, is allotted to Mr Hogg, who, with his true

let us tax machinery to support the labour which it And, now, two other fish are under inquiry; for Border hospitality, invites his friends to wash it down supersedes. The real meaning of this ismlet us tax Wee Jamie, who is prowling about the banks, avers with a sober jug of that true preventive of colds and machinery, to prevent cheapness of production, to dis. he disturbed some enormous monsters, which swam rheumatisms, whisky.toddy. The more rustic groups courage invention, and to interfere with a change leisurely down towards the next pool: and there to be repair, some to the Gordon Arms, and others to their from one mode of labour to another mode. There are sure they are, milter and spawner, large, unclean, own dwellings, to enjoy the comforts of a huge fire temporary inconveniences, doubtless, in machinery :

and hot supper. copper-coloured salmon.

but we think that every man who suffers from these Immediately almost the whole group are mingled

Leistering in Scotland, in broad rivers like the inconveniences possesses in himself the power of re. closely together, in some confusion ; for each one is Tweed, is sometimes practised from a boat; and, in medying those evils, or at least of mitigating them. anxious to strike, however imperfect the glimpse he the Solway Firth, where the tides run rapid and the But it appears to us that any proposed remedy for a obtains of his object. Aloof, however, from the rest water is shallow, a horse was wont to be employed. temporary evil, which has a tendency to arrest the stand the Ettrick Shepherd and Wat Amos, calcula. We believe the method of spearing fish from the sad. course of improvement, is a little like the ancient wis. ting upon the return of at least one of the fish to the dle is still in vogue, and can easily believe, that, al. dom of the Dutch market-woman, who, when the former pool. Nor are they in error; for, though though followed for profit

, it affords no small or ignoble one pannier of her ass is too heavily laden with cabvigilant, those below have strangely mismanaged, amusement among such perilous and unsteady sands bages, puts a stone into the other' pannier to make and spoilt their opportunity-one of them extinguish. as those which occur in the south-western districts of

matters equal. ing with the end of his leister the torch-light which

Scotland. directed his eye to the salmon; another losing his balance in the very act of striking, and sousing him.

MISAPPLICATION OF TALENTS. self head over heels in water not over-highly tem.

KNOWLEDGE LEADS TO COMFORT.

NotwiTHSTANDING our repeated announcements to pered ; and a third, after having hit one of the fish,

[From the Working Man's Companion.) allowing it to dash upwards towards Mr Hogg, whó When a boy has got hold of what we call the rudi. the effect that we respectfully decline receiving contri. in true style brings it to land, transfixed to the spine, ments of learning, he has possessed himself of the most

butions for our paper, hardly a day passes that does not and scarcely able, ere it expired, to make any thing useful tools and machines which exist in the world. bring us a literary communication of some sort or other. like a struggle to escape.

He has got the means of doing that with extreme ease, It is in vain that we say we do not require this kind The party in a short time passing Altrive, move which, without these tools, is done only with extreme of assistance—others know better ; individually, they up towards Douglas Burn, near the mouth of which labour. He has earned the time which, if rightly emthree or four other fish are killed, one of them a large ployed, will elevate his mind, and therefore improve perhaps allow that our regulation is in a general sense yellow trout, weighing above five, the rest grilses, his condition. Just so is it with all tools and machines judicious, but that it can by no means apply to their under ten pounds.

for diminishing bodily exertion. They give us the munication, which is described as every way wore To a spectator at a short distance, not previously means of doing that with comparative ease, which, thy of meeting the public eye. What a curious prin. aware of what is going on, a group of salmon leisterers without them, can only be done with extreme drudg.ciple of human action does this special pleading unfold ! must possess a singular and romantic appearance, as- ery. They set at liberty a great quantity of mere ani. sociating itself strongly with the olden times of Bor. mal power, which, having then leisure to unite with

What a combination of vanity and misapplication of der adventure. The torches, with crimson flare, mental power, produces ingenious and skilful work- mental labour! When we originally announced that searching the hill.walled heaven, and hurrying, in men in every trade. But they do more than this. we did not require communications, it was from the all directions, fire and shadow over a dark mass of They diminish human suffering—they improve the perfect conviction that none would be sent to us of the waters; the figures, some fully exposed, others dimly | health-they increase the term of life-they render least value, and were therefore desirous of being spared visible

, and thrown suddenly into view by the inter all occupations less painful and laborions ;-and, by the disagreeable duty of reading over what could not vention of a stream of red light; the surrounding ex. doing all this, they elevate man in the scale of extent of moorland and pasture, embellished with a few istence.

possibly be of any use. Experience has fully proved gaunt trees and a mouldering tower ; here a solitary The present Pasha, or chief ruler of Egypt, in one the correctness of this opinion. Writing for the press sheep fence, there a quiet hut; and, with these, the of those fits of caprice which it is the nature of tyrants is a business that requires not only peculiar faculties, strange intermixture of human voices all necessarily to exhibit, ordered, a few years ago, that the male po. must work upon the imagination with a power and pulation of a district ehould be set to clear out one of but long and persevering study. There is a knack in vividness which is seldom experienced among the the ancient canals which was then filled up with mud.it, which, like every thing else in science and art, more ordinary elements of poetry and romance. The people had no tools, and the Pasha gave them no

must be learned. The first efforts of writers are ex. But here is a gallant chase, worth fifty fox-hunts. tools; but the work was required to be done. So to ceedingly defective. They sometimes strike upon a No tiny fish have they started, or we mistake, but a twenty-ponnder at least, jndging from the buge tail thousand. They had ta plunge up to their necks in good idea, but generally contrive to lose it amidst a which is helming it along the shallows. How it scuds, the filthiest slime, and to bale it out with their hands, series of long-winded inexplicable sentences. They like the dolphin bark of Orion, or a rainbow rocket, and their hands alone. They were fed, it is true, go wildly round and round in a mist of words; and throwing up ruby sparks! What a brilliant track of during the operation ; but their food was of a quality when you finish the perusal of their article, it is ten fre is there in its rear! And now it has escaped the proportioned to the little profitable labour which they to one if yon can tell what it is all about. Such, in ford, and the discharge of not a few leisters from the performed. They were fed on horse-beans and water.

most cases, is the sort of papers that are sent to us for štragglers above; and here it is, in a long, dark, nar. In the course of one year, more than thirty thousand row pool, with a hollow bank of clay at one side, the of these unhappy people perished. If the tyrant, in insertion. The writers, no doubt, mean well, but other a flat layer of pebbles; it swims now more at stead of giving labour to fifty thousand people, had this would form a poor excuse for us if we were to fill its ease, in a sort of fancied security, although still possessed the means of setting up steam-engines to our columns with their productions. They write restless, and every now and then probing with its chin pump out the water, and scoop out the mud_if he had anonymously, at least in as far as regards the public, the indentations and cavities of the left-hand embank. even provided the common pump, which is called Ar. and have therefore nothing to fear; but we stand in

chimedes's screw, and was invented by that philosopher And now it is concealed from notice by the agitated for the very purpose of draining land in Egypt--if the

a very different position in relation to our readers. state of the water, into which, through means of its people had even had scoops and shovels, instead of We are under a pledge to furnish only “meals of snout, it has shaken down no inconsiderable quantity being degraded like beasts, to the employment of their healthful, useful, and agreeable mental instruction." of clay; but the random search of Wat Amos's leis. unassisted hands-the work might have been done at ter has again compelled it to trust to its fins, and it a fiftieth of the cost, even of the miserable pittance of Being thus responsible for every line which we issue, dashes' up in fine style through a series of pools, fol. horse.beans and water ; and the money that was

we cannot, on any pretence, admit the stray undigested lowed by the whole group of sportsmen. A slight saved by the tools and machines, might have gone to

contributions of persons unpractised in the business contortion of the tail indicates that it has received furnish profitable labour to the thousands who perished of writing for the press. some small injury, but its speed is scarcely dimi. amidst the misery and degradation of their unprofit. The great number of communications sent to us in nished, and it slips almost miraculously from under able labour. the shower of leisters with which again it is rapidly You say, probably, that this is a case which does tion that there must be a very great number of indi.

a state quite unfit for publication, leads to the reflec. assailed.

not apply to you, because you are free men, and can. As yet, Thorburn has held back ; but now, al. not be compelled to perish, up to your necks in mud, viduals who misspend their time in attempting literary though third in the attack, one may observe, hung in upon a pittance of horse-beans, doled out by a tyrant. composition. The number of persons, in particular, air, his fatal spear, thrown from the steadiest bands Exactly so. But what has made you free? Know. who write verses, must be immense_far greater than among modern Borderers, and down, at the very feet ledge. Knowledge—which, in raising the moral and the world has any just conception of. We have often of the Eturick Shepherd, it falls unerringly upon the intellectual character of every Englishman, has raised head of the devoted fish, which, hard pressed, is em. up barriers to oppression which no power can ever

wished that we knew the names of our rhyming con. playing every means to escape.

break down. Knowledge—which has set ingenious tributors, in order that we might have it in our power In leister fishing, allowance must always be made men thinking in every way how to increase the pro- to enforce the propriety of their turning their talents for the refractory nature of the water; and it is ne. fitable labour of the nation, and therefore to increase to some really useful purpose. The pursuit which cessary, where the pool is of any depth, to strike be- the comforts of every man in the nation. Is it for the low, and not at the fish. Salmon are rather attracted working men of this country, or for any other class of they follow may be a solace to the feelings, but has than frightened by the torch, and will often, if not men, to say that knowledge shall stop at a certain extremely little chance of ever raising them one step otherwise disturbed, move slowly up towards it, or point, and shall go no farther? Is it for them to say, in the ladder of fortune, or of being beneficial to their balance themselves steadily upon their fins within that although they are willing to retain the infinite race in any respect whatever. Instead of frittering reach of the eager sportsman.

blessings which knowledge has bestowed upon themSometimes an otter is killed by the leister, for that the improved food, the abundant fuel and water, the

away their valuable time in such a vain pursuit, how animal is as keen a hunter as man himself, and knows cheap clothing, the convenient houses, the drainage much more honourable would it be for them to attempt well the season when salmon spawn, and in what and ventilation which make houses 'healthful, the to rise, through a steady application of their mental mood of water they can be captured with the greatest preservation of life by medical science, and the profit energies, in the business to which they have attached ease. A chase of this kind surpasses all other sports and comfort of books—that we are to rest satisfied themselves. Upon this subject, Mr Godwin, in his -the power and sagacity generally displayed by the with what we have got; or rather, if the destroyers work entitled “Thoughts on Man,” has the following otter increasing not a little the fervour

and interest of of machinery are to be heard, that we are to go back observations, which are well worthy of being treasured the pursuit. One of these creatures, transfixed by to what we were five hundred years ago ? Depend the salmon #pear, has been known to twist itself round upon it, if we once begin to march backwards, how. | in the minds of literary aspirants. the shaft, and divide it by the mere strength and ever slow may be the first steps, the retreat towards “ Litt'e progress has yet been made in the art of sharpness of its teeth. Its great cunning, also, will ignorance, instead of the advance towards knowledge, turning human creatures to the best account. Every enable it sometimes to escape, after being severely, if will soon become pretty quick; till at last there would man has his place, in which, if he can be fixed, the not mortally, wounded.

be one mad rush from civilisation to uncivilisation. most fastidious judge cannot look upon him with dis. Butour group of hunters are now somewhat wearied. Then comes the labour of the despot, who has been dain. But to effect this arrangement, an exact at. The torches, one by one, are consumed. A cold frost comparatively idle while knowledge was labouring. tention is required to ascertain the pursuit in which settles down over the atmosphere, and even works There is no halting place then; and the mud and he will best succeed. Every human creature, idiots itself into the wet garments and plaids of the satisfied horse-beans of the Pasha of Egypt will be the proper and extraordinary cases excepted, is endowed with ta. Lowlanders. Above a score of fish have they immo- end and the fit reward of such monstrous folly and lents, which, if rightly directed, would show him to be lated-salmon, grilses, sea-trout, and yellow-fins-wickedness.

apt, adroit, intelligent, and acute, in the walk for and here they lie in a goodly heap, to be shared out Machinery enters into competition with human la- / which his organisation especially fitted him.

ment.

TUNX-Bonnie Dundee,

There is, however, a sort of phenomenon, by no Slaves engaged in commerce ; slaves were wholesale bred loyalty unto Virtue which can serve ber without means of rare occurrence, wbich tends to place the merchants; slaves were retailers, and the managers a livery." These are qualities that hang not upon human species under a less favourable point of view. of banks were slaves. Educated slaves exercised their any man's breath. They must be formed within our. Many men are forced into situations and pursuits ill professions for the emolument of their masters. of selves ; they must make ourselves indissoluble and assorted to their talents, and by that means are exhi.course, the value of slaves varied with their health, indestructible as the soul! If, conscious of these posbited to their contemporaries in a light both des. their beauty, or their accomplishments. The common sessions, we trust tranquilly to time and occasion to picable and ludicrous. But this is not all. Men are labourer was worth from L:15 to L.20, the usual price render them known, we may rest assured that our ziot only placed by the absurd choice of their parents, of a negro in the West Indies, when the slave-trade character, sooner or later, will establish itself. We or an inaperious concurrence of circumstances, in des. was in vogue. A good couk was worth almost any cannot more defeat our own object than by a restless tinations and employments in which they can never price. An accomplished play-actor could not be and fevered anxiety as to what the world will say of appear to advantage: they frequently, without any valued at less then ...1600. A good fool was cheap us. Except, indeed, if we are tempted to unworthy external compulsion, select for themselves objects of at less than L. 160. Beauty was a fancy article, and compliances with what our conscience disapproves, in their industry, glaringly unadapted to their powers, its price varied. Mark Antony gave L.) 600 for a order to please the feeting and capricious countenance and in which all their efforts must necessarily termi- pair of beautiful youths, and much higher prices were of the time. There is a moral honesty in a due renate in miscarriage.

paid. About as much was paid for an illustrious gard for character which will not shape itself to the I remember a young man, who had been bred a grammarian. A handsome actress was worth far humours of the crowd. And this, if honest, is no less hair-dresser, but who experienced, as he believed, the more : ber annual salary might sometimes be L.2600. wise. For the crowd never long esteems those who secret visitations of the Muse, and became inspired. The law valued a physician at 1.48. Lucullus, hav. Alatter it at their own expense. He who has the sup* With sad civility and aching head,' I perused noing once obtained an immense number of prisoners of pleness of the demagogue will live to complain of the fewer than six comedies from the pen of this aspiring war, sold them for 3s. a-head-probably the lowest fickleness of the mob.Bulwer's "Student." genius, in no page of which I could discern any glim. price for which a lot of able-bodied men was ever of. STATE OF PRINTING IN PORTUGAL.-In Lisbon mering of poetry or wit, or in reality could form a fered.-North American Review.

there are only two printing offices--the one publishes guess what it was that the writer intended in his ela.

a weekly newspaper, and employs four compositors borate effusions. Every manager of a theatre, and every publishing bookseller of eminence, can produce

PETER M'CRAW.

and two pressmen; the other prints a twice-a-week

paper, and employs six compositors and two pressmen, you, in each revolving season, whole reams, almost

In Oporto there are three printing establishments upon cartloads, of blurred paper, testifying the frequent re- (We find this good-humoured jeu-d'esprit in the second edition

a similar scale, one of wbich is supported by the Eng. currence of tbe phenomenon. The cause of this pain. of" Songs, by Robert Gilfillan," just published... From a first lish merchants, and the work executed in it is chiefly ful mistake does not lie in the circumstance, that each edition, which appeared a few years ago, Mr Gilfillan's songs are

in the English language. The types are of a very ing man bas not from the hand of nature an appropriate extensively and favourably known for their pleasing qualities of

ferior description, and the press is an extremely rude destination, 3 sphere assigned to him, in which, if life melody and sentiment. They are chiefly in the Scottish lan.

and inefficient machine, the impression being imparted should be prolonged to him, he might be secure of the guage, in which the author must now be considered as almost the respect of his neighbours. only worthy successor of Burns and Tannahill. The present poem

from the types to the paper by the weight of a large One of the most glaring infirmities of our nature is has a good deal of the spirit of Casti’s Giuli Tre, a series of two stone, which is raised and lowered by a rope and pul. discontent-one of the most unquestionable charac- from an insoluble debt of three small silver pieces.] hundred sonnets respecting the troubles consequent to a poor poet ley attached to the ceiling. Wbat a woeful contrast

to the beautiful types and powerful screw and lever teristics of the human mind is the love of novelty. We are satiated with those objects which make a O! do ye ken Peter, the taxman an' vriter ?

presses of Britain_not to speak of our wonderful part of our business in every day, and are desirous of They ca' him Inspector, or Poor's Rates Collector

Ye're weel aff wha ken naething 'bout him ava :

steam-machines, some of them printing at the rate of

four thousand sheets per hour. In June 1833, there trying something that is a stranger to us. But the

My faith! he's weel kent in Leith, Peter M'Craw! were in Edinburgh fifty-four printing-offices, and progress of a man of reflection will be, to a consider. He ca's, and he comes again-haws, and he hums again, seven hundred and fifty-four individuals employed in able degree, in the path he has already entered. If He's only ae hand, but it's as gude as twa;

them, besides a considerable number out of employbe strikes into a new career, it will not be without He pu's 't out an' raxes, an' draws in the taxes,

ment; while in the same year there were in the city deep premeditation. He will attempt nothing wan. An' pouches the siller-shame! Peter M‘Craw! of Lisbon only two printing establishments, with tonly. He will carefully examine his powers, and see for what they are adapted. The fool dashes in at He'll be at your door by daylight on a Monday,

fourteen nen in both! The manuals of the church On Tyesday ye're favoured again wi' a ca';

are mostly imported from France, and those who posonce. He obeys a blind unreflecting impulse. His E'en a slee look he gied me at kirk the last Sunday, sess them, seem to know their contents chiefly by rote, case bears a striking resemblance to what is related Whilk meant-"Mind the preachin'an' Peter M Craw!" | as, with few exceptions, they were unable to read any of Oliver Goldsmith. Goldsmith was a man of the He glowrs at my auld door as if he had made it, other works which were casually presented to them. most felicitous endowments. His prose flows with He keeks through the keyhole when I am awa'; -Weekly Chronicle. ease, copiousness, and grace. His verses are among He'll syne read the auld stane, that tells a' wha read it

DENSITY OF BODIES AT DIFFERENT DEPTHS.the most spirited, natural, and unaffected in the Eng. To "blisse God for a' giftis"t-but Peter M.Craw!

Professor Leslie observes, that air compressed into thie' lish language. Yet he was not contented. If he saw

His sma' papers neatly are 'ranged a' completely, a consummate dancer, he knew no reason why he

fiftieth part of its volume has its elasticity fifty times

That yours, for a wonder, 's the first on the raw ! abould not do as well, and immediately felt disposed There's nae jinkin' Peter, nae antelope's fleeter

augmented ; if it continue to contract at that rate, it to essay his powers. If he heard an accomplished

would, from its own incumbent weight, acquire the

Nae cuttin' acquantance wi' Peter M‘Craw! musician, he undertook to enter the lists with him ; / 'Twas just Friday e'enin', Auld Reekie I'd been in,

density of water at the depth of thirty-four miles. and his failure in such attempts must necessarily have I'd gatten a shillin'- I maybe gat twa;

But water itself would have its density doubled at been ludicrous. I thought to be happy wi' friends ower a drappie,

the depth of 93 miles, and would attain the density of The applause bestowed on others will often gene.

When wha suld come pap in—but Peter M.Craw!

quicksilver at the depth of 362 miles. In descending,

therefore, towards the centre, through nearly 4000 rate uneasiness and a sigh, in men least of all qualified I'm auld, now, an' donner’t, though yince I was honour'd miles, the condensation of ordinary substances would by nature to acquire similar applause. We are not Oh, Peter, tak pity and some mercy shaw!

surpass the utmost powers of conception. Dr Young contented to proceed in the path of obscure usefulness | 1 yince had a hunder o' notes do ye wonder?and worth. We are eager to be admired, and thus Hae ye made as mony yet? Peter M‘Craw!

says that steel would be compressed into one-fourth,

and stone into one-eighth, of its bulk at the earth's often engage in pursuits for which perhaps we are of My yill stands nae mair in yon auld girded barrel, all men least adapted. Each one would be the man

The rattans sit squeakin' in nooks o'the wa';

centre. However, we are yet ignorant of the laws of Nae bonnie lass now bakes for me seone or farl

compression of solid bodies beyond a certain limit, above him. And this is the cause why we see so

Ye've made a toom house to me, Peter M‘Craw!

though, from the experiments of Mr Perkins, they ap. many individuals, who might have passed their lives with honour, devote themselves to incredible efforts, There's houp o' a ship though she's sair press'd wi' dangers, than has been generally imagined. —Mrs Somerville.

pear to be capable of a greater degree of compression only that they may be made supremely ridiculous. An' roun' her frail timmers the angry winds blaw; This is the explanation of a countless multitude of I've asten gat kindness unlooked for frae strangers, failures that occur in the career of literature. Nor But wha need houp kindness frae Peter M.Čraw ?

THE “HERO IN HUMBLE LIFE." is tbis phenomenon confined to literature. In all the

I've kent a man pardoned when just at the gallows, various paths of human existence that appear to have I've even kent fortune's smile fa' on gude fallows,

I've kent a chiel honest whase trade was the law !

We have much pleasure in mentioning that the following

sums have been received, betwixt the 3d of June and something in them splendid and alluring, there are

But I ne'er kent exceptions wi' Peter M'Craw! the present date (July 8), for James Maxwell, the indie perpetual instances of daring adventures, unattended

vidual mentioned under the fictitious name of Cochrane with the smallest rational hope of success. In reality, Our toun, yince sae cheery, is dowie an eerie, the splendid march of genius is beset with a thousand There's nae fair maids strayin', nae wee bairnies playin'– transmitted by us to him, as an additional tribute of re

in the article entitled “ A Hero in Humble Life," and difficulties. A multitude of unthought-of qualifications are required; and it depends at least as much upon But what gude o' grievin' as lang's we are leevin',

Ye're muckle to answer for, Peter M.Craw !

spect for his merits. the nicely maintained balance of these, as upon the My banes I'll sune lay within yon kirkyard wa';

Medicus, London,-deducting postage

L.0 18 109 copiousness and brilliancy of each, whether the result There nae care shall press me, nae taxes distress me,

A Family in Edinburgh

100 shall be auspicious."

For there I'll be free frae thee, Peter M1 Craw!

Messrs Spears, Glasgow

10 0 0

Two Ladies, per Mr Izett, Edinburgh • W. Blackwood and Sons, Edinburgh ; Simpkin and Marshall, Mr L'Amy, Edinburgh SLAVERY IN ANCIENT ROME.--If we examine the London.

G. W., London avocations of slaves in ancient Rome, we shall find † A devout legend, common in the seventeenth century, above G. M. Torrance, George's Square, Edinburgh 1 0

the entrances of houses. that they occupied every conceivable station, from the

Rev. Charles Findlater, Newlands

0 5 0 : delegate superintending and enjoying the rich man's villa, to the meanest office of menial labour or obse- CHARACTER.-Among the happiest and proudest

L.16 6 4j quious vice; from the foster-mother of the rich man's possessions of a man, is his character--it is a wealth Besides these sums, we have learnt with much satischild to the lowest condition of degradation to which it is a rank of itself. It usually procures him the faction that the passengers on board a steam-vessel which women can be reduced. The public slaves handled honours, and rarely the jealousies of Fame. Like most Maxwell was lately conducting down the Clyde, having the oar in the galleye, or laboured in the public roads. treasures that are attained less by circumstances than their attention attracted to the article referring to him, Some were lictors, some were jailors. Slaves were ourselves, character is a more felicitous reputation subscribed the sum of L.9, 175. in his behalf; making executioners, watchmen, watermen, scavengers. Slaves than glory. The wise man, therefore, despises not regulated the rich palace in the city, and slaves per. the opinion of the world_he estimates it at its full in all L.51, 3s. 4jd. which we have been the glad means formed all the drudgery of the farm. Nor was it value-be does not wantonly jeopardise his treasure of obtaining for this excollent person. unusual to teach slaves the arts. Virgil made one of of a good name-he does not rush from vanity alone, Waterloo Place, Edinburgh, July 8, 1835. his a poet, and Horace himself was the son of an eman. against the received sentiments of others-he does not cipated slave. The physician and the surgeon were hazard his costly jewel with unworthy combatants and LONDON: Published, with Permission of the Proprietors, by ORR

& SMITH, Paternoster Row; and sold by G. BERGER, Holyoften slaves. So, too, the preceptor and the peda. for a petty stake. He respects the legislation of de.

well Street, Strand : BANCKS & Co., Manchester: WRIORTSON gogue, the reader and the stage-player, the clerk and

If he be benevolent, as well as wise, be will & WEBB, Birmingham: WILLMER & SMITH, Liverpool; W the amanuensis, the buffoon and the mummer, the remember that character affords him a thousand utili. E. SOMERSCALE, Leeds; C. N. WRIGHT, Nottingham; M.

BINGHAM, Bristol; S. SIMNS, Bath; C. GAIN, Exeter; J. PURE architect and the smith, the weaver and the shoe- ties--that it enables him the better to forgive the err.

DON, Hull; A. WHITTAKER, Sheffield ; H. BELLRRBY, York: maker, the undertaker and the bearer of the bier, the ing, and to shelter the assailed. But that character J. TAYLOR, Brighton; GBORGS YOUNG, Dublin; and all other pantomime and the singer, the rope-dancer and the is built on a false and hollow basis, which is formed Booksellers and Newsmen in Great Britain and Ireland, Canada,

Nova Scotia, and United States of America. wrestler-all were bondmen. The armiger, or squire, not from the dictates of our own breast, but solely from

O Complete sets of the work from its commencement, or oum. was a slave. You cannot name an occupation, con.

the fear of censure. What is the essence and the life bers to complete sets, may at all times be obtained from the Pube nected with agriculture, manufacturing industry, or of character ? Principle, integrity, independence !- lishers or their Agents.

Stereotyped by A. Kirkwood, Edinburgh. public amusement, but it was the patrimony of slaves. or, as one of our great old writers bath it, " that in.

Printed by Bradbury and Evans (late T. Davison), Wkitofriart

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CHAMBERS EDINBURGII JOURNAL

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9990

CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM CHAMBERS, AUTHOR OF “ THE BOOK OF SCOTLAND,” &c., AND BY ROBERT CHAMBERS,

AUTHOR OF “ TRADITIONS OF EDINBURGH,” “ PICTURE OF SCOTLAND,” &c.

No. 184.

SATURDAY, AUGUST 8, 1835.

PRICE THREE HALFPENCE.

TROUBLES OF THE NEWLY MARRIED. ish, the bashful, who but last year could hardly face neral, very jealous respecting their own interests, and To judge from the smiling emblems with which the his partner at a dancing-school ball—to be himself very selfish in the following of their own inclinations ; fancy of the poets has invested the fact of being brought thus suddenly into the presence of so appalling but no man is ever by half so jealous or so selfish in married, one would suppose it to be a matter of un. an idea as matrimony! In a moment, the ridiculo those matters as his friends. Where a common eye mingled jocundity. Hymen, the Graces, every better which he knows the bare mention of such an event would would suppose there was the most perfect equality looking deity, is pressed into the service of the young excite among his friends, rushes before him. He feels and appropriateness, and where the foolish pair

them. couple, and he who is not happy on his marriage day himself like one awakening on the brink of a precipice selves are quite content, the friends will pick you out is set down as one who will never be happy. I fear, over which he was about to walk. He resolves never a depreciatory flaw on one side or other, in a manner on the contrary, that, in a great majority of cases, the to call again, to fly from the world, to bury himself quite astonishing. The pecuniary circumstances of nuptial era is one of the most 'disagreeable that occurs and his sorrows in some wild solitude : at all events, the gentleman and the genealogy of the lady, as well in the course of a lifetime. This character, I would he sees Maria no more—proceeding which Maria as the genealogy of the gentleman and the pecuniary say, may not belong to it through any fault in the either does not remark at all, or prudently overlooks, circumstances of the lady, are scanned with a "disparties, and certainly through none in the great insti- from a consideration of her lover's circumstances. interested solicitude, which would be beyond all gra. tution itself, but in consequence of a vast variety of But all the swains to whom the imputation of an in. titude, if it only were not so tormenting. The parties little fretting troubles which hardly ever fail to attend tention of marrying Miss Grabam is made, are not may be willing to be happy, but their friends have the devising and accomplishment of a matrimonial such green youths as this. Many of them are mature their interest too much at heart to allow of any such union_troubles only the more pestilent that they and established young men, whom it would be worth thing. No, no; if you are to be happy, you must seem so inappropriate to a time from which such differ. while to marry. Perbaps in the very beginning of be happy upon proper grounds, and, above all things, ent results were expected. From the moment, indeed, the entanglement, there might in such youths be a la consistently with the honour of the family. Even that a marriage is suspected to be on the tapis, to the tent notion of matrimony-an occult proclivity—a supposing all such preliminary difficulties overcome, time when the world has ceased to think of it, all is kind of hazy half-confessed inclination to fall into the and the tormentors are at length willing that the annoyance and perplexity, at least to the gentleman-toils. But even in such cases there was always a be. parties should seek happiness their own way, how insomuch that I sometimes wonder how people can lief that they were, and would continue to be, at beautifully do they strike in with new plagues at the venture on purchasing even a life's happiness at the liberty. Not the most distant suspicion was enter. wedding ! “My friend Miss Smith is going to be expense of such a severe preliminary trial.

tained of their ever feeling themselves under any kind married next week; but she is terribly perplexed It is needless, however, to wonder at this so com. of compulsion. Having accordingly allowed them about her friends. She does not like to have a racket, mon adventure, seeing that it is generally entered selves to tamper with the outer threads of the net. and the room, too, is small ; but, then, how to make a upon under the influence of a maxim which would work, they are gradually induced to advance a little selection ? she cannot have her aunt Thomson's faperhaps be found at the bottom of more wonderfully farther their very security encouraging them in their mily without having her uncle Johnson's. For every hazardous enterprises than we are aware of_that it progress-till at last the whole world, with the excep. Black she asks, she must have a White ; and you is better to go on than to draw back. A youth falls tion of themselves, looks upon the affair as settled, and know the Blacks and the Whites were at daggersinto the dream styled love; he looks and sighs, as he they discover that the road to the temple of Hymen, drawing all last winter. And then there are Mr Wil. thinks, in secret; under thousands of pretences won.

like that to the lion's den, has no backward footsteps. son's friends also to be attended to, who are such derfully imposing upon himself, he contrives to per.

Thus it is all managed by a kind of delusion—and ne- strange people—she does not think they will agree at form thousands of little services to the beloved object; cessarily so; for what man, with open eyes, and in sane all with her own friends. In short, it is quite a di. he even attempts verse, and, thrusting into the young mind, would begin at the point where retrogression lemma.” Uncles, moreover, expect their advice to be lady's album a few anonymous pieces of his own, in is impossible ? No, he must be first pleasantly in. taken about the situation of a house, and annts about which he thinks he has expressed all his romantic veigled into a compromise of his free-agency. So re- the choice of curtains and crockery; and the gentle. feelings, sees with mortified but excusing surprise, gular is this principle in its operations, that I have man must drag his bride through tifty streets he never that she appreciates nothing about them but the neat- formed a peculiar theory of my own respecting celi. was in before, to visit friends whom he has not seen ness of the penmanship. For weeks, for months, he bacy. The individuals suffering under that unhappy more than once since he was a child, but the half of goes on thus, contriving all kinds of unalarming pleas condition are not, in my opinion, so often the victims whom, feeling a reviving interest in him at the profor visits, spending the time of these visits in a kind of an indisposition to matrimony, as of an inconvenient sent crisis of his life, are mortally offended, if he do of subdued transport, and yet wondering when he perspicacity and coolness, which has disabled them for not pay them a proper degree of homage. The unfor. retires that he did not enjoy them more. When sen being deceived. They have never been able to put tunate youth has perhaps lived all his days happily, sible that it would be improper to call, he has a con. themselves for a week or two under the influence of a without reflecting that he had friends: they were solatory pleasure in approaching the part of the town little salutary folly.

people out of his sight and out of his mind, and all where she lives, and, if he can get a real business One of the earliest of the troubles to which the connection appeared to have ceased. If he had any reason for passing her abode, it is-almost as good youth thus unwittingly subjects himself, is the very acquaintance of them at all, it was only kept up by as a call. By night, the lamp which he sees in her raillery which usually gives him the irst notice of a nod of recognition once in three or four years window is as a harbour-light to which tend all the his situation. To the gross and inconsiderate world, across the grave of some mutual kinsman ; and having thoughts that form his spiritualised existence. He that appears only a good joke which to him is a mat. parted at one churchyard gate, he never met them can gaze on it for hours, and, when it is extinguished, ter of the most profound and affecting sentiment. again till they were thronging in at another. But as feels as if himself, not sbe, were involved in dark. They accordingly scruple not to assail him with in a battle taking place in a habitually peaceful country ness. By day, to meet but her schoolboy brother, numerable waggeries, which, though he might have would be sure to collect the usual birds of prey, even whistling unreflectingly along, is a pleasure to been most ready to join in them had the case been though they had previously appeared to be extirpated, him. The very dogs and cats of the establish another’s, now give him all the pain which a pagan so does a marriage call up thousands of these friends, ment have an interest for him. And all his callings, worshipper feels at seeing his idols treated disrespect. with their dim and half-forgotten claims of notice his obsequiousnesses, his watchings, bis abstractions, fully. Under these profanations of his most sacred and courtesy. He now hears of cousins, nephews, he believes to be unobserved. No one, be sup- and endeared idea, he has to writhe up to the mar. and grand-aunts-in-law, whose names be scarcely poses, pays the least attention to what he is about, riage day, long ere which they are apt to be lost sight | knew before ; and as the very novelty and singularity or forms any conclusion from his conduct. He of in other thick-coming miseries, the grandest of of the circumstances render it difficult to give to each sees, for his own part, no harm in it; he looks for which usually arises from the friends of the parties. the exact degree of attention that is due, he is sure to ward to no consequences ; he never once thinks of Who, I would ask, ever heard such a sentence as, send four-fifths of them back to their customary obwhat it is all tending to-when suddenly, some fine “Mr Wilson is engaged to Miss Smith,” without its scurity, with pleas of offence, of which perhaps he does day, a free-spoken friend astounds him with_"Well, being immediately followed by another, “And I hear not enjoy the full benefit till his own children are to I hear you're going to get Miss Graham !” Going to the friends are,” &c.—ten to one, something to the be wedded, when the whole circumstances are of course get Miss Graham! Cupid, protect us! He can only old tune of the course of true love never did run renewed. blunder through a denial, and faintly smile away the smooth. One thing may be calculated upon for cer. Another trouble arises from acqaaintances. The horrible impeachment. Going to get Miss Graham ! | tain, that the friends of one of the parties are dis. gentleman and the lady have both had acquaintances, To hear her whom he has pictured as the ideal, the satisfied, seeing that those very circumstances which with whom they have respectively lived very happily angelic, thus spoken of as a mere Miss, capable of conciliate the one side, make the opposite party think till now. Marriage, however, alters the face of one's being married ! To be himself broughtho, the boy- | themselves wronged. Men are reputed to be, in geo visiting list. There is, be it observed, an eclat in being

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