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a circumstance no doubt arising, in a great measure, but naething can we hear, for certain, but that, the Pride will gar a body to carry their head, from the uneven surface of the country, and the ex- day she was ta'en awa, the scriechs o' a bairn were whiles, high eneugh when a' within is canker and des pense of purchasing lands.
heard out o' a covered cart travelling Glasgow-ward. spair.” “ That's no what he said-he tell't us, as The railways established, and in the course of for. Folk tell me it's a sin to greet, and that it's a mercy plain as my finger peb, that gude actions met their mation, in the United States, will form the subject of that I'm quat o'a fremd bairn that cost me sae muckle; sure reward, even”—“But, John,” interrupted Simon, another article.
but och, och! that's a' they ken! You, Maister Si- you make a strange mistake; you seem to confuse mon, and maist ither folk, hae a weel-plenished house, the ideas of money and of happiness, as if riches were
wi' bairns or frien's o' your ain to mak you a canty happiness itself, and that there can be no reward to TRAITS OF HUMBLE LIFE.
fireside. But what had I? Naething but my wee the good but money.” “Atweel, Mr Simon, wi' your In one of the early numbers of the Journal we took lamb! Wha cares for auld haverel Jenny? Noane leave, I ne'er saw muckle happiness wanting it! occasion to speak favourably of a series of sketches but her ain sweet bairn. She kent na and cared na Whan a man's sitting in frost and snaw, cowering composing a volume with the title of “Real Life," she had nae ither friend. When her father and her gered bairns greeting at his lug, and a wife, maybe
whether I was daft or wise ; I was kind to her when o'er a fire o' wat sticks, wi' twa or three nakit hun. written, we believe, by a lady in the west of Scotland, mother forsook her, she was given to me, and she gave no the sweetest at the best, girning, flyting, and mur. and offering some correct delineations of the condition me a' the love o' her wee warm kind heart. I looked muring for the meat he bas na to giemy word on't, of society in its lower departments. As we feel im. to her as the staff o'my auld age, ane that would mak sirs,” said the old man as his lips quivered at the pressed with the conviction that works of this nature my bed, and haud my head when I was deeing, and home-scene he had drawn, “it's little wonder if he
close my een when I was dead! but I'm my lane thinks money and happiness gay near freends." may serve the useful purpose of making the refined
now! My house is cauld and dark, and silent like a “Still, even then,” replied the old man, with a pecu. orders of the people better acquainted with the strug. grave! My wee lamb, wee happy smilin' lamb, that liarly solemn and steady gaze at his neighbour's face, gles, the hopes, and the fears of those whom they con. was aye playing about my han', and makin' my puir even then, all happiness is not gone from that man, sider to be immeasurably below them in the scale of rafters ring wi' her glee-whare is she now ? I wish if he can say he has done his duty.”
I were dead! but she's awa that would greet on my “Come, come, sirs, what's the use o' arguing and existence, we make no apology for presenting the fol. lowing additional unaffected sketches from the programes and there's no ane left in the world to say getting het about it? Just haud your tongues. ilk
ane o' ye—and I'll tell ye a story, and a true story duction referred to:
Simon stood silent for a long time, while the poor too, for it every word o't happened to mysel', and ye'll One beautiful sunshiny day, as I was strolling along creature continued to sob and cry; and when he did see I was rewarded for a gude action, and yet I got with my old friend Simon, he pointed out to me an in- speak, all he said had little effect in abating her nae money. May I be forgi’en for saying ony action dividual at the door of one of the wayside cottages, as grief; and we could only hope that its violence would o' my ain was gude, but ony way I did my best.” an illustrious proof of the power of doing good on small wear it out. There she sat with her apron thrown “ Weel, weel, let's hear about it, Rab,” cried several
“ That little old woman sitting yonder spin- over her head, and her whole frame shook by the voices, all glad as it appeared to escape an angry dening," said he, “set out in life with just as much ca. heavy fetches of her breath. So, after laying a memo. bate. Rob blew his nose and cleared his throat. pacity as would keep her from falling in the fire. After rial of our good will upon her wheel, we trudged on, “Ye'll a' hae mind o' the year o'the typhus fever ?” a time she learned to put off and on her own clothes much affected with this instance of the superior value A smothered groan broke from the whole group.
- which new accomplishment was succeeded by that of the humblest capacity united to good temper, and “Ay, we hae owre gude reason,” and more than one of gathering potatoes after they were turned up with the sincere desire to be useful and charitable—even eye glanced hastily over the green mounds near which the grape.
in a rank of life but one degree above beggary-to we sat. “Aweel, it was the year afore that again, Jenny next learned to drop potatoes in the planting the most splendid talents, without goodness of heart that Sir William roupit (or auctioned) some rye grass se3son; and, after years of apprenticeship, she could and sound principles !
parks afore he gaed awa abroad wi' his leddy; and at length be trusted to weed lint and turnips--and her “ Truly,” said Simon, “the worth and merit of our gudewife and me, we bad consultit thegither about ultimate effort, in this line, was to shear. While such this poor woman is very great. When we consider the buying ane or twa, and we thocht it wad be an were her acquirements out of doors, her evenings in how much would be thought of an individual or family, unco gude plan, if they gaed cheap, which folk thocht winter were not spent in idleness; and she succes. in a high rank and with means incomparably supe, they wad, by Sir William being sae sair hurried to sively learned to darn, to knit stockings, and to spin. rior to hers, should they take in, clothe, feed, and leave hame. Weel, I set aff to the roup, and a bonny By the exercise of these various talents she managed educate a stray child, what is due to this poor crea- simmer's night it was, trudging awa wi' my shoon in to keep herself above want; but as no one would hire ture for doing the same ?-- when we consider that my hand, and just nae mair time nor wad sair me to her for a servant, she continued to possess the hut in every morsel put in the child's mouth was saved off get there. When I got to the tap o' the Bowden Brae, which her parents had lived and died.
her own stinted meal and every stitch of clothes it and was just gaun to turn aff the high road through One day when Jenny was sitting at the door spin. wore were, as she said just now, taken from her own the fields, I lookit about, and there, awa maist half a ning, a woman whom she had never seen came sud. back, and how hard, late and early, she must have mile down the road, does I see a young leddy that I denly up to her from the toll.road, saying, “Do hold worked, to procure even the additional pittance to pay dinna doot ye'll a'mind riding hereabouts.” “On that'wean a minute, till I lift my kist aff that carrier's her schooling! Oh! we may rely upon it, however a brown powney, and her lane ?” said some of them. cart;' and placing an infant on her knee, she turned this poor weak creature's merit may be thought of “Ay, maistly her lane, but gae aften, 'specially in the corner of the hut, and was out of sight in an in- here, it will be remembered up yonder,” said the good the evenings, she had a young gentleman wi' her; it stant. The little innocent sat cooing and smiling in man, raising his dark eyes glistening to heaven; “poor was na her brown powney, it was a gray ane she had her face, and poor Jenny was much tlattered by its Janet, and her humble worth, will be remembered that night, and when I got sight o' her, she was on notice! She thought the woman was long of coming when many a splendid deed, which received the ap- the ground a' her length; the ill-set beast had coosten with her chest, but waited patiently, much delighted plause of multitudes here below, is forgotten, or ob. her : she lay a wee minute, stunned like, and then with the child's good humour. In short, the woman scured in gloom."
The beast stood stock still as lang as she was never returned ; and you may imagine the consterna. On another occasion, upon a Sunday—that blessed on the ground, but whene'er she offer to put her fit tion and dismay that ensued : but this poor creature day of rest for the toil-worn poor-when we came into the stirrup, it kickit, and flang, and flew roun' actually fed and clothed and brought up this child with out of church, we had an opportunity, of witness and roun', and threw up its head, and syne its tail, the utmost tenderness and affection. No doubt her ing one of those scenes so common in the rural dis. till I wondered in mysel' hoo ony woman, let alane á richer neighbours did not fail to help her by their tricts of Scotland. The greater number of the re- bit delicate wee leddy, had courage or strength to keep contributions — particularly of clothes — but still the spectable farmers, instead of returning to their homes a grip o' the reins ; she coaxed and she clappit it, and heavy end fell upon Jenny, who, though she accepted between the two services, seated themselves in groups ; she gathered ban'fu's o' grass and gied it to eat; it of presents for the little stranger, never was known some on the mossy grave-stones in the church-yard, ate the grass, and up wi' its heels again as ill as ever. to ask assistance from any one.”
some more distant under the venerable trees that sha- | I stood a gae wee and lookit at her, till the roup, the By this time we were quite up to the spot where dowed the continuation of the enclosed ground, where roup, cam o'er my mind, and I loupit the dyke, and the old woman was sitting, with a most rueful coun. it sloped from the back of the church towards a rush. lost sight o' her.” tenance, spinning at her door. “Well, Jenny,” said ing stream, the sound of whose glad waters came I wish any painter could have caught the expression Simon, jovially,“ how is a' wi' you, my old friend?" sweetly to the ear, blended in unison with all the other of Simon's large dark eye, as it gleamed from under “I daurna compleen,” was her reply, as she stopped sounds that speak Creation's joy-never listened to the furze-like pent-house of his huge eyebrow, at this her wheel. “ I'm sorry that's a' ye say,” said Simon, with a deeper sensation than when we stand amid the part of poor Robin's narrative. On him, however, “ for I know you have a good contented spirit, and countless tenants of the silent tomb! I had uncon. it was lost; he was busy taking a snuff, and, handing are thankful for all your mercies." “Ay, ye’re a sciously wandered from one to another of these tombs, the box, he quietly resumed_" I had nae gane far gude man, Simon; ye think the best o every body— reading on their little granite tablets the simple re. when the thochts o' that puir young lassy cam o'er my but I'm no contented enow, Simon, though some folk cords of the peasant race who slept below, till, turning heart sae heavy and sae queer. I minded how aften thinks it's a mercy that">here she burst into uncon- to look for Simon, I saw him seated amongst a group I had lookit at the pale pale face, and the meek eye, trollable grief, crying and sobbing—“they think it's of elderly men, who seemed engaged in a most ani. and I thought I heard the sweet voice, like the wind a mercy-a mercy that—that they've stown awa my mated debate. On joining them, I found that the soughing through a summer tree, that answered me
My darling babe !-they ca' me a fule to greet sermon we had just been listening to was the subject, when I bad her a gude day or gude e'en : and it just for her-that's nae faut o' mine. I ken I'm a fule- and I could not but admire the strong natural sense cam doon on my heart, God will never bless my I was a fule a' my days—but I wad be waur than the which dictated many of the remarks made by these bairns if I leave that young creature to meet her death beasts of the field gin I could lose the wee lamb, my untutored and unlettered men.
wi' no a leevin near her.' So I turned back, and wee pet lamb, that sleepit in my bosom, that ate the One embittered-looking old man, with a dress in. when I cam in sight o' her again, she was sitting on half of my morsel, and got its bits o'claes frae aff my dicating less wealth, and I thought less cleanliness the bit bank by the road-side, the reins in the ae ban' ain back. Oh, what wad I be gin I could hae her than the others, was declaiming, as I drew near, and her head leanin' on the ither. The beast was reaved frae me and no sorrow for
against what he called "the abounding iniquity o' sic feeding quietly aff the tap o' the dyke. I ran as hard Simon did his best to soothe the poor creature, and doctrines.” “What! does he mean to preach that a as ever I could doon the brae, and my heart was knock asked her when the child had been taken away, and man may cut an'carve his ain fortain' in this warld as knocking, as it wad hae been through my very side. by whom. She replied, that after her little innocent ye wad cut a bit cheese, and that a'thing will work I kent I wad be ower late for the roup, but something had been about six years with her, she had determined just as he acts, gude or ill ?” “Na, na," said an old I couldna gainsay drave me on. When I cam up to to send her to school, for which purpose she saved man, on whose bald head time had scarcely spared her, she rase and thankit me vera sweet for coming three-halfpence a-week to pay for teaching her in a one silver hair, “the minister said nae sic a thing, till her, and said that when I gaed out o' sight her neighbouring village, where she came on quickly with John; dinna misrepresent his meaning: he said, that heart sickeried, for the night was fa'ing fast, and she her learning, and after she could read, by the help of independently of that eternal meed of glory or of dool was five miles frae hame, and no a house nearer than some good ladies she was enabled to continue her at awaiting the good and the bad in the world beyond twa mile. I said, 'she suldna ride her lane sae aften.' school to learn writing and sewing. “She gaed awa the grave, that even in this world a good or an evil She said, "she was in very ill health, was aye better to the schule as usual,” continued Jenny, this day action seldom went without a sort o' proportionate re. when she could get her bit ride; her father couldna eight days, wi' her bit' bread and cheese for her dinner ward.” “Weel, weel, what's that mair nor I said, afford a man-servant to ride wi' her, and nae ill had. tied in a napkin, but cam na back at night; and sirs ?-man, I wonder to hear ye uphauding sic non- e'er happened to her afre.' I said, 'there was whiles whan it began to grow dark, I ran, like ane wud, to sense ; look into the warld, and tell me, is every ho- a handsome young gentleman rade wi' her; where the maister's house, but before I got breath to speak, nest man rich, and every leeing, cheating rascal puir ? was he the night? If ye had but seen the reddening "What's come o' your bit lassie the day, Janet ?' I trow no! else," added be, setting his teeth and cast. blush, by a'the warld like the glint o' the setting sun quo'he; 'she ne'er played the truant afore.' Wi' that, ing a glance towards a group a litile to the left of us, on a wee white cloud, that swammed o'er her palo Maister Simon, my head span roun', and there was a "some I wot o' wadna haud their head sae high the cheek! She said, he was a man in business, and it weary sough in my lugs, and I kenna what came owre day.” “Until ye can look into baith the hame and was a rare time when he could get away from it.' me. The schuiemaister and his wife were unco kind the heart o' your neebours, John, its totally impossi. A' this time I was trying to tame the savage ill-set to me, and sent a' gates to seek after my wee woman, ble for you to ken either their reward or their punish. | beast, but sic a wretch Í never saw. Neither by fais
megns nor foul cou d l gar'ı stand to let either me or have it in my power to requite your kindness.' Tmade was positively herrible, but the Chinese took no the leddy into the saddle; it kickit wi' ics heels, and maist garred in yself believe I heard the words ance notice of it; only when the entertainment paused for snappit wi'ics teeth like a dog, and took the bit out mair! I could hae glowered at it for ever, but whan a moment, they listened to the singing, and had como'my gude new jucket : at last I saw three your lads the doccor saw whare my een war fixed, he took bi monly a joke to laugh at or an observation to make. coming down o'er the Hinging Shaw, and I beckoned han', wat as it was, and pushing the picture into bis Presently the dinner began ; we were conducted on them, and it was as muckle as we four could man bosom, he buttoned up his waistcoat. I felt reproved into another room, and took our places ac little four. to tame it eneuch to let her into the saddle. Afore and vexed; tain wad I ha'axed aboot her, but some. cornered tables, each meant for six persons. The I gied her the reins, I axed her if she wasna feared thing tied my tongue, and I couldna even look in his tables were placed together in the form of a half-circle, to mount a beast it took four men to master ? She face.
and the side towards the centre remained unoccupied. smiled, and said, “No, she wad mind her hand better By his care and kindness, every ane o' our folk re. At the middle table sat the host, and at every other now that she knew it had a trick.' She thankit us a' covered, and ae day whan he had seen us a' a-tit, he table sat a Chinese, who did the honours of it. The vera muckle, and said to me that she hopic a day wad said to me, that he didna think he wad need to visit empty sides of the table, where no one sat, were hung come when she wad hae an opportunity of requiting us again, bade God bless us, and turned to mount his with scarlet drapery, beautifully worked' in embroi. my kindness to her that day! I gied her the reins, horse. Mony mony was the sad consultation puir dery of gold and different coloured silks ; Chinese and aff the powney flow like an arrow frae the bow ; Jean and me had had about how we ever war to pay fowers, but not very striking forms, furnished the it didna try to fling her as lang as we saw it, and she hiin, and mony a cime she had said that if she had a
pattern. On the front edge of each table were placed sat it like a very queen. Hech, sirs ! mony a weary hunder pound she wad gie it till him, and think it the finest fruits in little baskets, with beautiful flowers day her parting words rang in my lugs. After a', the ower little,' and that was muckle frae our Jean, for stuck between them. Besides these, the whole table gentles hae a real sweet way wi' them! its just some. she likes the siller weel. I gaed after him to tho was covered with little cups and plates, which gere thing gars a body forget themselves : for as sure's door, and my heart was fu' fu— Oh, doctor, doctor,' ranged with great precision, and contained fruits, pre. death, the haill time I was wi' her I ne'er ance thought quo? I, ye hae the deepest heart's blessing o' me and serves, confectionery, slices of bread and butter, with o' the roup; but as soon as I lost sight o' her, it cam mine, and that's a' we hae to gie ye the now; ye hae small birds cold, and hundreds of other things. An o'er me wi' a burnin' stang, and mair than a', the seen ower weel we're puir, but maybe better days may extraordinary degree of art had been expended in the thoughts o' what our Jean would say, for ye ken our come, and we wull rather want than ye suld want your arrangement of those articles; amongst the rest were Jean's gae and sharp when she's vexed, puir body." due. I just think I see him yet, stan'in' sae high and whole rows of little plates, filled with elegantly raised ✓ The assenting laugh that burst from most of the sae handsome, the reins in ae han', and his fingers in three and four-cornered pyramids, composed of little party, gave evidence that this characteristic of Ro the horse's mane, the ither held out to me. Robert, bits of pheasants, larded geese, sausages, and so forth. bin's helpmate was no secret. He joined in it with says he, you are nothing whatever in my debt; for Here stood plates with small oranges; there preserved the air of a man who tries to make his petticoat thral- my attendance on you and your family I never will plums ; and here again almonds. Various little seeds dom sit as easy as he can, and went on-“ I kent fu accept of one farthing, so keep your mind easy.' I of different colours were served upon shallow saucers, weel I was ower late, but I set aff rinnin' like an auld loukit at bim quite stupid-like.' 'Sir !' quo's, and I
80 arranged, howerer, that each colour occupied fule.” “'Twas na the only thing ye had dune like an had na the power to say anither word; he lookit very particular field. We here recognised a kind of quince auld fule that night, Rabby," cried John, with a sar.
mild at me. • Robert,' says he, 'I saw your eyes seed, of very delicate favour ; chick-peas, which, castic grin. Rab went on without noticing the in. tixed upon a picture your little son one day snatched if eaten frequently, are said to produce a very bad elterruption. “I cried to think to mysel' that maybe out of my breast; did you know it? Yes, sir,' quo fect; and chestnuts and hazel nuts, which come from something might ha' made it fa' a wee late, and I wud 1, 'I kent it weel; she is a dear and lovely leddy' the province of Pecheli
, and greatly excel our fruits be in time yet, but, waes me, it wasna to be sae. I He angwered me in a laigh voice, “She was all that, of the same kind. There were, moreover, grapes, met the folk
coming frae the roup a mile on this side Robert; now she is an angel in heaven, and it is in which likewise came from the northern provinces of o'the rouping grund, and they celled me that the parks compliance with her dying request that I have taken
the empire ; with preserved ginger, citrons, and le. had gane a ff just awfu' cheap, and wad be a mine o' the first opportunity I ever had of requiting your kind.
After making but a short stay in China, one siller to them that got them if they got ony thing o' ness to her that day.' He sprang on his horse as he is accustomed to see daily and hourly that the Chinese a gude tid. Aweel a weel, what was I to say to Jean ? Spak the last words, and was ont o'sight in a moment.”
conduct all their arrangements in a different style and Howsomever, to mak a lang tale short, hame I gaed, Poor Robert paused ; and I can assure you, the manner from ourselves; it was thus also with the re. and sic a flyting as she flate ye ne'er heard—she ca'd half-formed tear he brushed from his weather-worn past, for we began with the dessert. me a' the auld dvited donnered idiots, auld stupit dee. cheek was reflected in the eyes of at least one of his
By way of cover, three small cups are placed before vils, e'er was. I ne'er bowed my e'e that night, what hearers. His simple narrative called forth the warm.
each seat; the first on the left hand is filled with soy vi' Jean's flyting and thinking o' the leddy, and aye est applause, and it was generally agreed by the circle which the Chinese add to almost every sort of food : it cam through my mind that maybe she wad do as that there were few who might not observe similar the second serves for the ordinary eating; and in the muckle for us yet as wad gar us forget the rye-grass proofs of the fact, that good deeds done in secret fre. third is a little spoon of porcelain for the soups. la parks; but wlien I said that to Jean-keep me! for quently work out their own reward when least ex.
front of these three cups, which are ranged in a line, it was waur and waur! • Her do for ye indeed,' quo' pected, and that they at least yield a lasting pleasure to lie the two round litile chop.sticks, which, in rich she, ye ne'er-do-weel auld haiverel—a likely tale in the well-regulated mind, which far transcends the gra. houses, are made of ivory. It is extremely difficult troth! My certie, its nane o' your riding madams tifications which mere wealth can purchase.
for strangers to get at their food with these sticks, and that canna pay a flunkey to gang after them, that'll
the Chinese were amused with our unskilfulness; one gie muckle o the penny siller to an auld senseless
was overheard to whisper, “ Here are wise Europeans brute that neglects his ain business to hunt their
TAKING DINNER IN CHINA.
for you ; they cannot so much as eat pr. perly." Mr camstary powneys ! Aweel, time gaed on and on
(From Meyen's Voyage round the World, 1831-2.) Lindsay understood him perfectly. Instead of nap. I ne'er heard, and what seemed stranger still, I ne'er A rew days before our departure from Canton, we king, small three-cornered pieces of paper are placed saw mair o'my bonny leddy.
found at our house a visiting card from the Hong near the covers ; these are ornamented with stripes of The winter cam', and on, it was a dour and a dis- merchant Mowqua, and an invitation to dinner along red paper, and used by the Chinese to wipe their hands mal ane to us. We war sair sair pinched, and must with it; their notes of invitation are much larger than The dinner began by the host's inviting us to eat bae been sell’d off, had Sir William no been mair than those in use amongst us, and written on extremely of the finer dishes; whilst we were eating them, be merciful. Mony was the sair biting jeer Jean gied beautiful red paper. Mowqua is one of the youngest kept calling our attention to the flavour or the rarity of me about the leddy and the rye-grass parks. I had Hongists; he is in the possession of the white knob this or that thing: and the mods of eating was to con. just to bide them, for what could I say? We hopit upon the cap, which, as it struck us, is of ivory, and vey the food to the mouth, with the two sticks, out that the summer wad bring better times, but summer betokens the fifth rank of Mandarins. About half of the dish ; for a small bowl was the largest vessel brought that awfu' lever.” Robin paused, took off bis past six in the evening we presented ourselves at this placed upon the table during the whole entertainment hat, and wiped his brow, as if the very recollection of aldermanic Jinner, as the English call it; servants The Chinese place no cloths upon the tables, but inthis season of trial unmanned him. • Nine of us lay with large lanterns preceded us, and quantities of coto stead, so soon as the course is finished, the whole board in it at one time; not a soul in our house escaped the ton were provided to fortify the drums of our ears is removed, and a new surface, as it were, with fresb infection. I took it amang the first, and I had asked against the Chinese music. The space before the door | things, is served. As soon as the first course was rea neebour to send up a doctor as he passed throngh and the whole entrance were filled with attendants ; moved, another small cup was added to each cover ; the town wi' his carts. When he cam, I was sur. Chinese lanterns were burning on all sides, and the this was used for drinking hot samtschu, a fermented prised to see it was the same young man that used to most startling music welcomed our arrival.
liquor made of rice, which at a Chinese table supplies ride wi' the leddy. Oh, God bless him ! for he was As the guests entered, they were saluted by the host the place of wine, and which is always served boiling; a friend indeed in our sairest need, when nae other and his son, and amidst a profusion of compliments servants walk round with large silver cans, and help could or would help us ; for the few that escaped in. conducted quite up to the chairs in the reception-room. every body to this nectar, which, principally on ac: fection dreaded it too much to come near them that The attire of these rich Chinese on the evening in count of its heat, begins very soon to operate. The had it, and ye ken we are far frae neebours ony way. question was extraordinarily splendid: young Mowqua Chinese, in drinking wine, hold the cup with both It was a fearfu' time. We war in want o' every wore over all his silk coats and vests, which were con- hands, and, after wishing each other health and hapthing. We never had been sae puir.
fined by a beautiful silk sash, a cloak of the costliest piness, drink it off at a draught; whereupon they turn The fever took Jean's head, and often i' the night furs. They kept their velvet caps with knobs con. the inside of the cup towards the person with whom her bitter cries for me that couldna steer to help her, stantly upon their heads; the magnificent tufts of they are drinking, and show that they have drained and the moaning and greeting o' the wee miserable these men, of singular strength and length, gave them every drop. bairnies, joined to my ain sufferings, maist turned my a dignitied mien. The guests seated themselves upon So soon as the first division of the dinner, consiste head too.
Twice every day did that blessed nian the chairs, which were ranged in two long and straighting possibly of sixty ragouts, was over, the soups apcome seven miles to see us; he didna come like a doc. rows; and tea was immediately offered in large cups, peared ; these were placed in small bowls, in the tor, he cam' like an angel, for he aye brought wine each with a little shallow saucer, serving as a lid, and middle of the table, and every man ate, with his little and things to do is gude, and aye left us better and the whole standing upon a place of silver or gold. It porcelain spoon, out of the dish. In this way, five or mair comfortable than he fand us. He wad tak atf is well known that the Chinese, like the Japanese, six different soups were served in succession, and be. his coat and work amang us, helping ane and a' that drink their tea without either sugar or milk; they tween them various other things were placed before could neither help themsel's northern dearer nor their throw some tea into the cup, and pour boiling water the guests in little cups : amongst the rest, pastry, beart's blude, and wud do things ye wadna believe ever it; so soon as it has stood a short time, they scoop prepared in many ways, articles of confectionery, and the like o' him wad think o'.
up the clear liquid into the saucer-lid, and drink it as strong chicken-bashes. I was the first that was able to crawl out o' the hiot as possible. As the tea thus used by the Chinese Becween the different grand divisions of the dinner, bed to try to do a little for the other eight. Ae day consists of entire leaves, and is not broken up, the ex- tea was handed round and tobacco smoked ; during I was helping the doctor to put ane o' the bairns into tract is perfectly limpid.
which we were enabled to rest ourselves, so as to be a warm bath, and the bairn being loth to stay in the Amongst the furniture which adorned the saloon of gin again with fresh vigour. After several course, water, made a grabble at his breast, and tore open his this rich merchant, were two large lanterns of horn; five small tables were placed outside of the half-circle waistcoat ;* wi' that out fell a black ribbon and a gold they were full three feet high and two feet and a half of the original tables ; these were completely covered thing like an oval halfcrown piece hanging at it, and broad, yet nowhere could we see any trace of a join. with roasted pork and birds of all sorts. Then ten gold letters marked on'.—it hung just before my e'en, ing. We also remarked that Mowqua possessed a cooks came into the room, clothed all alike and very and as he moved, it turned the other side; and what large English plate of looking-glass, which is much tastefully, and began carving the roasts. Two placed did I see ? A picture o' my ain leddy. Oh, sirs, it superior to the Chinese, but he desired not to attract themselves before each table, and commenced, with was sae wee, and sae beautifu', and sae like her, attention by the use of European articles, and had long knives, to sever the bard roasted skin of all these though that I had ne'er seen her but wi' a bat, and it therefore caused the plate to be fixed in an ordinary viands, which was done nost skilfully. Other serhad nae hat, but buckles o' black hair hinging a'roun' and very clumsy Chinese frame. In a large adjoining vants, who stood in front of the talles, received the the pale pale face, I clean forgat what I was doing- room was the whole instrumental music, with several little bits, into which all these roasts were cut, unto my een were glued on't--the sweet half.parted lips eminent singers, who kept playing during the whole small plates, and then placed them on the middle of seemed just saying, 'A day will come when I shall least, and performed a kind of opera ; the noise they our tables. At the end of the whole meal, the cooks
Pluck from the countenance a rooted sorrow?
came again into the room, and returned thanks for The angle of incidence must be studied, but every and character, gained for him, at an early period of his the honour which had been done them in being per. thing else depends on a kind of lively and unthink. life, the atfection of many whose friendship proved mitted to cater for the illustrious company. I shall ing dash, which cautio118 people are just the most useful to him in the subsequent stages of his profes. here close the description of this dinner, which per unfit to acquire. A pause of an instant before the
sional advancement. haps has wearied the indulgent reader more than it sweep, gives a wound an inch long, while the easy. did us; yet full six hours were we obliged to sit at it, minded and unreflecting fight away without harm.
As Keppel, himself a hero, had been the first to and many hundreds of dishes were served up. In short, what with the faithlessness of instruments, discover kindred qualities in his young friend, so be
The Chinese eat almost every thing that comes to and the difficulty of employing them, shaving is one was also the first who had the honour to reward the hand. Upon the streets of the city, but particularly of the greatest and most constant torments that afflict rising genius of Mr Duncan. In January 1755, the on the large square before the factories, a number of humanity. birds are daily exposed for sale, which amongst us Finding it to be so in our own hands and in those commodore was selected to command the ships of war have not yet gained much repute for flavour; among of unlettered barbers, I am inclined to think that our
destined to convey the transports which had been others, hawks, owls, eagles, and storks., To a Euro- ancestors were at least wire in their mode of shaving equipped for the purpose of carrying out troops under pean, nothiag can have a more laughable etfect than
They considered it as a surgical operation, and had General Braddock to North America, where the to see the Chinese arrive with a carrying-pole sup- it done by surgeons accordingly; while we, their de. French had made various encroachments on British porting two bird cages which contain dogs and cats
generate postericy, render it too truly surgieal, through instead of birds. A small thin sort of spaniel ap- an opposite course of conduct. What I would pro- territory; and it was then that Keppel paid a complipeared to us to be most in request; they sit quite down pose is, that shaving should be resumed by the sur.
ment no less creditable to his own discrimination than cast in their temporary dwellings when they are
geous. Every man to his trade, and every trade to flattering to Duncan's merits, by placing his name at Urought to market, whilst the cats make a dreadful
its man, are inseparable maxims. Shaving as natu. the head of the list of those whom he had the privi. squalling, as if conscious of their fate. The flesh of rally falls under the attention of the profession alluded lege of recommending to promotion. Mr Duncan was these lart, when they are well fed, is much esteemed to, as bloodletting or amputation. Does it not require accordingly raised to the rank of lieutenant, in which the rich. Other Chinese bring upon their carrying. Does not the comfort of man as forcibly require that capacity he went on board the Norwich, Captain Barpole many dozens of rats, which are drawn quite it should be done by the hands of persons conversant
rington. Soon after the arrival of the fleet in Virgi. clean, and, like pigs in our country, when they have with the human anatomy? The basin was alike ser. nia, the commodore removed Mr Duncan on board been opened, are hung up by means of a cross piece viceable in making lather and in receiving the pro. his own ship the Centurion, whereby he was placed of wood through the hind legs. These rows of rats ceeds of venesection; and so should the education of not only more immediately under the friendly eye of look very nice, but they are only eaten by the poor. the surgeon be equally serviceable in teaching the art his commander, but in a more certain channel of pro.
of cutting off limbs and the art of cutting off beards. motion. With the Centurion he returned to England, SHAVING CONSIDERED AS A SURGICAL
Perhaps it might be difficult to reconcile the surgeons and remained unemployed (still the shipmate of Kep
to shaving. During the last war, the Russian go. pel, now on the home station) for three years. He OPERATION.
vernment invited into its service a number of young was soon afterwards, however, called into active ser. The surgeon and the barber were formerly one flesh.
British surgeons, to whom it gave the appropriate vice, having been present at the attack on the French * A professional gentleman kept a shop with a party- rank in both the army and navy, as well as very con
settlement of Goree on the coast of Africa ; and the coloured pole projecting at an angle of forty-five de. siderable pay. What was the astonishment of the expectations which his commander had formed of him
were amply realised by the bravery which he displayed grees, and a basin dangling from the end of it, the young gentlemen, when they found that part of their
duty was to shave the common soldiers and sailors ! in the attack on the fort. Before the schism of the former indicating that he let blood, and the other The remonstrances made on this occasion prove how expedition, he rose to the first lieutenantcy of the com. 1 (unless, indeed, the operations might be esteemed unwilling the home profession would be to take up the modore's ship, the Torbay. identical) that he removed beards. In time, however, razor. But let us not despair. The universities,
In September 1759, he was promoted to the rank as surgery became more complicated, the one party whose conduct in allowing surgery and barbery to be of commander, and in February 1761, being then in disunited, was certainly, to say the least of it, most
his thirtieth year, he obtained a post-captaincy. The became to proud to associate with the other ; surgeons uncharacteristie, might easily re-impose the old rules, ship to which on this occasion he was appointed was became surgeons, and barbers barbers; and though so that we should soon have a crop of young surgeons,
the Valiant, of seventy-four guns, on board whieb they might continue to form but one corporation, like able and willing to operate on the chins of mankind Keppel boisted his flag, as commodore in command of e two dogs of different species unwillingly chained to in the manner in which the chins of mankind ought the fleet which carried out the expedition to Belleisle. gether, they were only mutually surprised that their to be operated npon. Were these youths once fairly Here the critical duty of commanding the boats to
cover the disembarkation of the troops devolved on respective duties should have ever been performed by into practice, the old members of the profession would
soon be obliged to conform, in order to retain their Captain Duncan, and in this, as in various other dif. a single individual.
ground-for we can conceive a member of the public ficult and important services in which he was employed I am humbly of opinion that this disjunction should then addressing his old farnily surgeon in terms like during the siege, he greatly distinguished himself. ncver have taken place. Surgery, anciently and pro- these
He had the honour, also, of taking possession of the • * perly termed chirurgery, is no doubt an elegant and
Canst thou minister to a lip discased,
Spanish ships when the town surrendered to the Eng
lish. w learned art, and its prosessors must be considered as And on an unfavourable answer, adding
In the year following, he sailed with the Valiant in gentlemen. Bit let us reflect on what shaving is.
Then throw physic to the dogs-I'll none of it.
the expedition under Admiral Pocock, which reduced Shaving, as the greater part of adult men must be Thus a reform would be gradually brought about the Havannah ; and he remained in command of the
aware, is the business of clearing away the beard, and Shaving would be performed with that skill which is same vessel till the conclusion of the war, in 1703. pp is 11snaily performed once a day. A vast proportion necessary, and the gentleman part of the human race The powers of Europe, notwithstanding the exhaust. 1,6 of mankind shave themselves, while others resort to
would once more enjoy their pristine felicity.
ing conflicts in which they had for many years been
engaged, were still too heated to remain long at peace, the surgeon.deserted persons commonly called barbers.
and the war which followed, again called into active But, in whatever manner, or by wbomsoever it is
operation all the energies of the British pavy. No done, it is a painful and annoying operation. In the
opportunity, however, occurred that enabled Duncan, first place, there is no certain way of getting proper Adam Duncan, one of the comparatively few naval guish himself. On returning to England on the tem
now commander of the Suffolk of 74 guns, to distin. instruments. Razors are articles of so capricious a heroes of whom Scotland can boast, was a younger porary cessation of hostilities, he had the singular nature, that even their own makers do not know son of Alexander Duncan, Esq. of Lundie, in the fortune of being called to sit as a member of the court. wben they are good or bad. You may buy a magui. county of Forfar, and was born in Dundee on the 1st martial which was held on his brave and injured ficent and expensive case, and find not a single blade of July 1731, receiving the rudiments of his educa. friend Admiral Keppel, whose unanimous and most of merit among them all. r you may pick up an old / tion in the same town. At the early age of sixteen, honourable acquittal was immediately followed by
votes of thanks from both Houses of Parliament fer one for a shilling, which turns out excellent—at least in the year 1747, he departed from the place of his his distinguished services. for a time, for there is no calculating on a good razor nativity for the purpose of entering the naval service, In the summer of 1779, Captain Duncan command. continuing good. Nay, a razor of respectable repu. taking the humble conveyance of a carrier's cart to ed the monarch, 74, attached to the channel Neet tation will sometimes all of a sudden become execrable Leitli, whence he sailed to London ; thus beginning under Sir Charles Hardy, and towards the conclusion -you lay it aside, and try it again in a month-when, his career in that unostentations manner which is so
of the year he was placed under the orders of Sir
George Rodney, who sailed with a powerful squadron lo, it bas resumed all its primitive excellence! Razors characteristic of the lives of many men of genius who to attempt the relief of Gibraltar. This armament, almost appear to be inspired with human passions. have risen to eminence.
besides effecting the purpose for which it had been They get offended at too much work, and apparently The first vessel with which he was connected was sent out, had the good fortune to capture a fleet of determine to have a little period of recreation. Or the Shoreham frigate, commanded by Captain Kaldane, 6fteen Spanish merchantmen and their convoy, a they get too tine in their ideas, and cut their old under whom he served for three years. He afterwards bad scarcely regulated the distribution of the prizes,
sixty-four gun ship and four frigates. The admiral friends without mercy. If a man will take pains to entered as midshipman on board the Centurion of fisty when, on the 10th January, off Cape St Vincent, he :: study the humours of his razors, he may sbave with guns, then the flag-ship of Commodore Keppel, who came in sight of a Spanish squadron of eleven ships
some degree of comfort. But how few have time, or had received the appointment of commander-in.chief of the line, commanded by Don Juan Langara. The will condescend, to do any such thing! Razors re- on the Mediterranean station. While on this station, English admiral immediately bore down with his quire to be coddled up in flannel, and frequently sharp. Mr Duncan attracted the attention and regard of the
whole force, and Captain Duncan, although his ship ened. The difficulty is to secure the means of sharp- commodore, no less by the mildness of his manners,
was one of the worst sailers in the fleet, had the ho.
nour, as it had been bis ambition, to get first into ening them. There are ingenious artists who profess and the excellence of his disposition, which, indeed, action. This engagement afforded little opportunity to have invented strops and pastes infallible ; but ap. distinguished his character through life, than by the for a display of scientific tactics; it was, in seamen's parently it is not given to all men to be able to use ability and intrepidity wbich he uniformly displayed had the stoutest heart and the strongest arm.
language, a fair stand-up fight, gained by the party who these things for the desired end. Strops seem to be in the discharge of his arduous though subordinate distinguished Captain Duncan as a man of the most
But it as capricious as razors.
Then, even supposing that duties. How true it is that the sure foundations of dauntless intrepidity, and of judgment competent to your razor be tolerable, which it is once or twice in a future fame can be laid only during that period of form a correct estimate of bis own strength, as comlifetime, what difficulty in laying it on! To shave a youth which precedes the commencement of manhood's pared with that of his adversaries. After beating
the beard of average extent (some people have acre- more anxious business! His submission to the seve
St Augustin, Captain Duncan pushed forward into breadths of cheek, and all under cultivation) requires rity of naval discipline, the diligence with which he against several of the enemy's ships, contributed
the heart of the battle, and, by a well.directed tire not less than one hundred strokes or applications of made himself acquainted with the practical details of greatly to the victory which was that day achieved the instrument. Now, how little chance is there of his professional duties, and the assiduity with which over the Spanish flag. all these being effected unsanguineously! The laying he cultivated an intellect naturally powerful, formed On Captain Duncan's return to England in the on of a razor is one of the most critical things in the the true germs whence his greatness afterwards sprung. appointed to the Blenheim, of 90 guns.
same year, he quitted the Monarch, and in 1782 wan Great care won't do : it requires a lucky The amiable and excellent qualities which so soon and ship he joined the main or channel feet, under Lord
With tbis venturesomeness--one might almost say, carelessness. 80 conspicuously manifested themselves in his mind | Howe. He shortly afterwards accompanied his lord.
ship to Gibraltar, and bore a distinguished part in the hibited. A regular system was adopted for the inter- that amount. At the conclusion of the battle, the engagement which took place in October, off the nal management of each ship, and Richard Parker English fleet was within five miles of the shore, from mouth of the straits, with the combined fleets of was placed at the head of the disaffected feet. On whence many thousands of Dutch citizens witnessed France and Spain, on which occasion he led the lar. | the part of the government, preparations were made the spectacle of the destruction and defeat of their board division of the centre, or commander-in-chief's for an attack on the mutineers. All farther conces- fleet. squadron. Here he again signalised himself by the sion was refused; the eight articles submitted to Naval tacticians accord to Admiral Duncan great skill and bravery with which he fought his ship. government by Parker were rejected ; and it was merit for this action. It stands distinguished from
After returning to England he enjoyed a respite intimated, that nothing but unconditional submission every other battle fought during the war, by the bold for a few years from the dangers and anxieties of ac- would be accepted by the administration. This firm- expedient of running the fleet between the enemy and tive warfare. Having removed to the Edgar, 74, a ness on the part of government had at length the a lee shore with a strong wind blowing on the land, Portsmouth guard-ship, he employed his time usefully desired effect." Dismayed at their own rashness and a mode of attack which none of his predecessors had to his country, and agreeably to himself-though he folly, the ships escaped one by one from Parker's ever hazarded. The admiral also evinced great judge would have preferred the wider sphere of usefulness feet, and submitted themselves to their commanders ; ment in the latter part of the contest, and in extri. which a command on the seas would have afforded and the apprehension, trial, and execution of Parker cating his fleet and prizes from a situation so perilous him—in giving instructions in the science of naval and others of the mutineers, which speedily followed, and difficult, while the Dutch sustained all the chawarsare to a number of young gentlemen, several of closed this most disgraceful and formidable mutiny. racter of their best days. The battle of Camperdown, whom have since distinguished themselves in their The anxiety of the nation all this time was intense ; indeed, whether we view it as exhibiting the skill and profession. Overlooked for several years by an ad- that of Duncan, deserted as he was by the greater courage of its victor, the bravery of British seamen, ministration who did not always reward merit accord. part of his fleet, while in the daily expectation of an or as an event of great political importance, will ever ing to its deserts, he was now destined to receive that enemy coming out, must have been extreme. Ne. stand conspicuous among the many naval victories promotion to which, by his deeds, he had acquired so vertheless, by acts of mildness and conciliation, and that adorn our annals. just a claim.
by bis uniform firmness, he contrived to keep his On the arrival of Admiral Duncan at the Nore on On 14th September 1787, he was raised to the rank own ship, as well as the crew of the Adamant, free 17th October, he was created a peer of Great Britain, of rear-admiral of the blue; and three years after- from insubordination.
by the title of Viscount Duncan of Camperdown, and wards, he was invested with the same rank in the It was at this trying period that the happy thought Baron Duncan of Lundie, to which estate he had white squadron. On 1st February 1793, he received occurred to the anxious mind of Duncan, that, by ap- succeeded by the death of his brother; and a pension promotion as vice-admiral of the blue, and, on 12th proaching the Texel with his puny force, and by of L.2000 a-year was granted his lordship for him. April 1794, as vice-admiral of the white. On 1st making signals as if his fleet were in the ofling, he self and the two next heirs of the peerage. The June 1793, he was appointed admiral of the blue, and might deceive the wary De Winter into the belief thanks of both houses of parliament were unanimous. of the white, on 14th February 1799. At none of that he was blocked up by a superior squadron. This ly voted to the fleet; and the city of London presented these successive steps of advancement, except the two stratagem was employed with entire success, nor in. Lord Duncan with the freedom of the city, and a last, was he in active service, although he had fre- deed was it known to De Winter that a deception had sword of two hundred guineas value. Gold medals quently solicited a command. In February 1795, he been practised upon him, until he had become his were also struck in commemoration of the victory, received the appointment of commander-in-chief of all antagonist's prisoner. This manœuvre, so singular which were presented to the admirals and captains of the ships and vessels in the north seas : he first hoisted in its conception, so successful in its execution, and the fleet. The public, too, by whom tbe benefits of his fag on board the Prince George, of 90 guns, but performed at a moment of such extreme national dif- no action during that eventful war were more highly afterwards removed to the Venerable, of 74, a vessel ficulty, stands unparalleled in naval history, and alone appreciated than the one of which we have been of a more suitable size for the service in which he was gave to him who devised it as good a claim to the ho. speaking, paid Lord Duncan a flattering mark of re. about to engage, and one in which he afterwards ren- nour of a coronet, and to his country's gratitude, as spect, by wearing, the women, gowns and ribands, and dered so glorious a service to his country. if he had gained a great victory.
the men, vests of a particular kind, which were named History does not perhaps record a situation of more On the termination of the mutiny, Admiral Dun. "Camperdowns," after the victory. perplexing difficulty than tbat in which Admiral Dun. can was joined by the rest of his fleet, very much
Lord Duncan continued in the command of the can found himself placed in the summer of 1797. For humbled, and anxious for an opportunity to wipe north-sea squadron till the beginning of the year 1800, a considerable period he had maintained his etation off away, by some splendid achievement, the dishonour when, there being no longer any probability of the the Dutch coast, in the face of a strong fleet, and in they had incurred. The two rival fleets were now enemy venturing to sea, and having now arrived at defiance of the seasons, and when it was known with placed on an equal footing; and all anxiety for the his 69th year, he finally retired from the anxieties of certainty that his opponents were ready for sea, and event of a collision was completely removed. Having public, to the enjoyment of private life; which he anxious to effect a landing in Ireland, where they blockaded the Dutch coast till the month of October, adorned as eminently by his virtues, as he had done expected the co-operation of a numerous band of mal. Duncan was under the necessity of coming to Yar: his public station by his energy and talents. contents. At this most critical juncture he was de- mouth roads to refit, leaving only a small squadron of In 1777, his lordship married Miss Dundas, daugh. serted by almost the whole of his fleet, the crews of observation under the command of Captain Trollope. ter of Lord President Dundas, of the Court of Ses. his different ships having, with those of the channel | But scarcely had he reached the roads, when a vessel sion in Scotland, by whom he bad several children. fleet, and the fleet at the Nore, broken out into a on the back of the sands gave the spirit-stirring signal He did not long enjoy his retirement, having been mutiny, the most formidable recorded in history that the enemy was at sea. Not a moment was lost cut off in the 730 year of his age by a stroke of apo. Early in the year of which we speak, petitions on the in getting under sail, and early on the morning of plexy at Kelso, on his way from London, in the sum. subject of pay and provisions had been addressed to the 11th of October he was in sight of Captain Trol.
mer of 1804. He was succeeded in his estates and Lord Howe from every line of battle ship lying at lope's squadron, with a signal flying for an enemy to
titles by his eldest son—in elevating whom to an earl. Portsmouth, of which no notice whatever was taken. leeward. He instantly bore up, made signal for a dom, our present king not only paid an honourable In consequence, on the return of the fleet to the port, general chase, and soon came up with them, forming tribute of respect to the memory of the father, but a an epistolary correspondence was held throughout the in line on the larboard tack, between Camperdown just compliment to the talents, public spirit, and worth whole fleet, which ended in a resolution, that not an and Egmont, the land being about nine miles to lee- of the son. We close this sketch in the words of a anchor should be listed until a redress of grievances ward. The two fleets were of nearly equal force, late writer: “It would perhaps be difficult to find in was obtained. Accordingly, on the 15th of April, consisting each of sixteen sail of the line, exclusive modern history another man in whom, with so much when Lord Bred port ordered the signal for the feet of frigates, brigs, &c. As they approached each other, meekness, modesty, and unaffected dignity of mind, to prepare for sea, the sailors on board his own ship, the British admiral made signal for his fleet, which were united so much genuine spirit, so much of the the Queen Charlotte, instead of weighing anchor, was bearing up in two divisions, to break the enemy's skill and fire of professional genius; such vigorous took to the shrouds, where they gave him three cheers, line, and engage to leeward; each ship her opponent. and active wisdom; such alacrity and ability for great and their example was followed by every ship in the The signal was promptly obeyed; and getting be achievements, with such indifference for their success, fleet. The officers were astonished, and exerted them. tween the enemy and the land, to which they were except so far as they might contribute to the good of selves, in vain, to bring back the men to a sense of fast approaching, the action commenced at half-past his country.”* their duty. Alarmed at the formidable nature of this twelve, and by one it was general throughout the combination, which was soon discovered to be ex- whole line. The Monarch was the first to break the
RECOLLECTIONS OF THE SOUTH tensively organised, the lords of the admiralty arrived | enemy's lin The Venerable was frustrated in her on the 18th, and various proposals were immediately i attempt to pass astern of De Winter's flag-ship; but
SEA HOUSE. made to induce the men to return to their duty, but pouring a destructive broadside into the States-Gene
[By Elia.) all their overtures were rejected. They were in- ral, which had closed up the interval through which Reader, in thy passage from the Bank-where thou formed, indeed, that it was the determined purpose the Venerable intended to pass, she compelled that hast been receiving thy half-yearly dividends (supof the crews of all the ships to agree to nothing but vessel to abandon the line. The Venerable then en posing thou art a lean annuitant like myself)—to the that which should be sanctioned by parliament, and by gaged De Winter's ship the Vryheid, and a terrible Flower Pot, to secure a place for Dalston, or Shackle. the king's proclamation. In circumstances so alarmconflict ensued between the two commanders-in-chief
. well, or some other thy suburban retreat northerlying to the whole nation, government was compelled But it was not a single-handed fight. The enemy's didst thou never observe a melancholy-looking, hand. to make some important concessions, and a promise of Leyden, Mars, and Brutus, in conjunction with the some, brick and stone edifice, to the left, where his majesty's pardon to the offenders. These, after Vryheid, successively cannonaded the Venerable, and Threadneedle Street abuts upon Bishopsgate? I dare much deliberation, were accepted, and the men re- she found it expedient to give ground a little, though say thou hast often admired its magnificent portals turned to their duty with apparent satisfaction. The not forced to retreat. In the meantime, the Triumph ever gaping wide, and disclosing to view a grave court leaders of the mutiny were still, however, secretly came up to her relief, and, along with the Venerable, with cloisters, and pillars with few or no traces of employed in exciting the men to fresh acts of insubor gave a final blow to the well-fought and gallantly de goers-in or comers-out-a desolation something like dination; and, taking hold of some parliamentary tended Vryheid, every one of whose masts were sent Balclutha's. discussions which had recently been published, the overboard, and herself reduced to an unmanageable This was once a house of trade-a centre of busy mutiny was, in the course of fourteen days, revived hulk. The contest throughout the other parts of the interests. The throng of merchants was here-the at Spithead with more than its original violence; and line was no less keenly maintained on both sides ; but quick pulse of gain--and here some forms of business under pretence that government did not mean to fulfil | with the surrender of the admiral's ship the action are still kept up, though the soul be long since fled. its engagements, the channel fleet, on the 7th of May, ceased, and De Winter himself was brought on board Here are still to be seen stately porticos, imposing refused to put to sea.
Such officers as had become the Venerable, a prisoner of war. His ship and nine staircases, offices roomy as the state apartments in objects of suspicion or dislike to their crews were put other prizes were taken possession of by the English. palaces-deserted, or thinly peopled with a few strag. on shore. Flags of defiance were hoisted in every Shortly after the States-General had received the fire gling clerks; the still more sacred interiors of court ship; and a declaration was sent on shore, stating, of the Venerable, she escaped from the action, and, and committee rooms, with venerable faces of beadles, that they knew the Dutch fleet was on the point of along with two others of Rear-admiral Storey's division, door-keepers-directors seated in form on solemn days sailing, but, determined to have their grievances re. was carried into the Texel, the admiral having after- (to proclaim a dead dividend), at long worm-eaten dressed, they would bring matters to a crisis at once, wards claimed merit for having saved a part of the tables that have been mahogany, with tarnished giltby blocking up the Thames! At this fearful crisis fleet. The British suffered severely in their masts leather coverings, supporting massy silver inkstands an act was burried through parliament, increasing and rigging, but still more so in their hulls, against long since dry—the oaken wainscois hung with pictheir wages; but so far from satisfying them, this which the Dutch had mainly directed their fire. The tures of deceased governors and sub-governors, of conciliatory and liberal measure served only to in- loss of lives also was great, but not in proportion to Queen Anne and the two first monarchs of the Brunscrease their insolence, and to render them the more that suffered by the enemy. The carnage on board wick dynasty-huge charts, which subsequent discoextravagant in their demands. Four ships of Lord of the two admirals' ships was particularly great, veries have antiquated_dusty maps of Mexico, dim Duncan's tieet, from Yarmouth, were now moored amounting to not less than 250 men killed and as dreams-and soundings of the Bay of Panama ! across the mouth of the Thames. Trading vessels wounded in each. The total loss of the British was The long passages hung with buckets, appended in were prevented alike from entering and leaving the 191 killed, and 560 wounded, while the loss of the river, and all communication with the shore was pro. | Dutch was computed to bave been more than double * Abridged and altered from Chambers's Scottish Biography,
idle row to walls, whose substance might dely any Then was his forte, his gloritied hour! How would | Fortinbras, "greatly find quarrel in a straw," when short of the last conflagration-with vast ranges of he chirp and expand over a muftin! How would be some supposed honour is at stake. Tipp never mounted cellarage under all, where dollars and pieces-of-eight dilate into secret history! His countryman, Pennant the box of a stage-coach in his life, or leaned against once lay an “unsunned heap,” for Mammon to bave himself, in particular, could not be more eloquent the rails of a balcony, or walked upon the ridge of a solaced his solitary heart withal_long since dissipated, than he in relation to old and new London-the site parapet, or looked down a precipice, or let off a gun, or scattered into air at the blast of the breaking of of old theatres, churches, streets gone to decay, or went upon a water party, or would willingly let that famous BUBBLE.
where Rosomund's pond stood, the Mulberry Gar- you go if he could have helped it; neither was it re. Such is the South Sea House ; at least such it was dens, and the Conduit in Cheap, with many a pleasant corded of him, that for lucre, or for intimidation, he forty years ago, when I knew it—a magnificent re- anecdote, derived from paternal tradition of those ever forsook friend or principle. lic!' 'What alterations may have been made in it grotesque figures which Hogarth has immortalised in Whom next shall we summon from the dusty dead, since
, I have had no opportunities of verifying: Time, his picture of Noon--the worthy descendants of those in whom common qualities become uncommon? Can I take for granted, has not freshened it . No wind heroic confessors, who, Aying to this country from the I forget thee, Henry Man, the wit
, the polished man has resuscitated the face of the sleeping waters. A wrath of Louis XIV. and his dragoons, kept alive the of letters, the author of the South Sea House? who thicker crust by this time stagnates upon it. The flame of pure religion in the sheltering obscurities of never enteredst thy office in a morning, or quitted it moths, that were then battening upon its obsolete Hog Lane, and the vicinity of the Seven Dials !
in mid-day-(what didst thou in an office ?)—with. ledgers and day-books, have rested from their depre- Deputy under Evans was Thomas Tame. He had
out some quirk that left a sting! Thy gibes and dations, but other light generations have succeeded, the air and stoop of a nobleman. You would have thy jokes are now extinct, or survive but in two for. making fine fretwork among their single and double taken him for one had you met him in one of the pas gotten volumes, which I had the good fortune to reentries. Layers of dust have accumulated (a super- sages leading to Westminster Hall. By stoop, I mean scue from a stall in Barbican, not three days ago, and fætation of dirt !) upon the old layers, that seldom that gentle bending of the body forwards, which, in found thee terse, fresh, epigrammatic, as alive. Thy used to be disturbed, save by some curious finger, now great men, must be supposed to be the effect wit is a little gone by in these fastidious days—thy and then, that wished to explore the mode of book- habitual condescending attention to the applications topics are staled by the “new.born gauds” of the keeping in Queen Anne's reign; or, with less hals of their inferiors. While he held you in converse, time-but great thou used to be in Public Ledgers lowed curiosity, sought to unveil some of the mysteries you felt a strained to the height” in the colloquy. and Chronicles, upon Chatham, and Shelbourn, and of that tremendous Hoax, whose extent the petty pe. The conference over, you were at leisure to smile at Rockingham, and Howe, and Burgoyne, and Clinton, culators of our day look back upon with the same the comparative insignificance of the pretensions and the war which ended in the tearing from Great expression of incredulous admiration, and hopeless which had just awed you. His intellect was of the Britain her rebellious colonies - and Keppel, and ambition of rivalry, as would become the puny face shallowest order. It did not reach to a saw or a pro- Wilkes, and Sawbridge, and Bull, and Dunning, and of modern conspiracy contemplating the Titan size of verb. His mind was in its original state of white | Pratt, and Richmond, and such small politics. Vanx's superhuman plot. paper. A sucking babe might have posed him. What
A little less facetious, and a great deal more obstre. Peace to the manes of the BUBBLE! Silence and was it then? Was he rich ? Alas, no! Thomas destitution are upon thy walls, proud house, for a Tame was very poor. Both he and his wife looked perous, was fine rattling rattleheaded Plumer. He memorial ! outwardly gentlefolks, when I fear all was not well lineal pretensions, like his personal, favoured a little
was descended, not in a right line, reader (for his Situated as thou art, in the very heart of stirring at all times within. She had a neat meagre person, and living commerce_amid the fret and fever of spe- which it was evident she had not sinned in over pam shire. So tradition gave him out, and certain family
of the sinister bend), from the Plumers of Hertford. culation with the Bank, and the 'Change, and the pering; but in its veins was noble blood. She traced
features not a little sanctioned the opinion. Certainly India House about thee, in the hey.day of present her descent by some labyrinth of relationship, which old Walter Plumer (his reputed author) had been wild prosperity, with their important faces, as it were, in. I never thoroughly understood-much less can explain in his days, and visited much in Italy, and had seen sulting thee, their poor neighbour out of business-to with any heraldic certainty at this time of day-to the the idle and' merely contemplative-to such as me, old illustrious but unfortunate house of Derwentwater. old Whig still living, who has represented the county
the world. He was uncle, bachelor-uncle, to the fine house! there is a charm in thy quiet-a cessation, a This was the secret of Thomas's stoop. This was coolness from business, an indolence almost cloistral, the thought, the sentiment, the bright solitary star
in so many successive Parliaments, and has a fine old
mansion near Ware. Walter flourished in George which is delightful! 'With what reverence have 1 of your lives, ye mild and happy pair, which cheered II.'s days, and was the same who was suunmoned be. paced thy great bare rooms and courts at eventide ! you in the night of intellect, and in the obscurity of fore the House of Commons about a business of iranks They spoke of the past, the shade of some dead ac. your station! This was to you instead of riches, in
with the old Duchess of Marlborough. You may countant with visionary pen in ear would flic by me stead of rank, instead of glittering attainments; and
read of it in Johnson's Life of Cave. Cave came off stiff as in life. Living accounts and accountants puzzle it was worth them altogether. me. I have no skill in figuring. But thy great dead with it; but while you wore it as a piece of desen. did nothing to discountenance the rumour. Herather
You insulted none cleverly in that business. It is certain our Plumer tombs, which scarce three degenerate clerks of the sive armour only, no insult likewise could reach you seemed pleased whenever it was, with all gentleness, present day could lift from their enshrining shelves, through it.
insinuated. But besides his family pretensions, Plu. with their old fantastic flourishes and decorative rubric Of quite another stamp was the then accountant,
mer was an engaging fellow, and sang gloriously. interlacings—their sums in triple columuiations, set John.Tipp. He neither pretended to high blood, nor down with formal superfluity of cyphers, with pious in good truth cared one fig about the matter. He
Not so sweetly sang Plumer as thou sangest, mild, sentences at the beginning, without which our reli- " thought an accountant the greatest character in the child-like, pastoral M-; a Aute's breathing less gious ancestors never ventured to open a book of bu- world, and himself the greatest accountant in it.” divinely whispering than thy Arcadian melodies, siness or bill of lading the costly vellum covers of Yet John was not without his hobby. The fiddle re.
when, in tones worthy of Arden, thou didst chant some of them almost persuading us that we are got lieved his vacant hours. He sang, certainly, “with that song sung by Amiens to the banished Duke, into some better library-are very agreeable and edi. other notes than to the Orphean Tyre.” lie did in.
which proclaims the winter wind more lenient than fying spectacles. I can look upon these defunct dra- deed scream and scrape most abominably. His fine for a man to be ungrateful. Thy sire was old surly gons with complacency. Thy heavy odd-shaped, suite of official rooms in Threadneedle Street, which, the unapproachable church warden of Bishops. ivory-handled penknives (our ancestors had every without any thing very substantial appended to them, gate-like spring, gentle offspring of blustering winter thing on a larger scale than we have hearts for) are were enough to enlarge a man's notions of himself -only unfortunate in thy ending, which should have as good as any thing from Herculaneum. The that lived in them, resounded fortnightly to the notes
been mild, concili tory, swan like. pounce-boxes of our days have gone retrograde. of a concert of “sweet breasts," as our ancestors would
Much remains to sing. Many fantastic shapes rise The very clerks which I remember in the South have called them, culled from club-rooms and or. up, but they must be mine in private ;-alieady I have Sea House-I speak of forty years back_had an air chestras-chorus singers, first and second violincellos, fooled the reader to the top of his bent—else could I very different from those in the public offices that I double basses, and clarionets, who ate his cold mut.
omit that strange creature Woollett, who existed in have had to do with since. They partook of the ton, and drank his punch, and praised his ear. He trying the question, and bought litigations ? --and still genius of the place !
sate like Lord Midas among them. But at the desk stranger, inimitable, solemn ilepworth, from whose They were mostly (for the establishment did not Tipp was quite another sort of creature. Thence all gravity Newton might have deduced the law of gra. admit of superfluous salaries) bachelors--generally ideas that were purely ornamental were banished. vitation. How profoundly would he nit a peu-with (for they had not much to do) persons of a curious You could not epeak of any thing romantic without what deliberation would he wet a wafer ! and speculative turn of mind-old-fashioned, for a rebuke. Politics were excluded. A newspaper was But it is time to close-night's wheels are rattling reason mentioned before-humorists, for they were thought too refined and abstracted. The whole duty | fast over me—it is proper to have done with this of all descriptions; and, not having been brought to. of man consisted in writing off dividend warrants. solemn mockery.--Essays of Elia, first series. gether in early life (which has a tendency to assimi. The striking of the annual balance in the company's late the members of corporate bodies to each other), books (which perhaps differed from the balance of last but, for the most part, placed in this house in ripe or year in the sum of L.25, Is. 6d.) occupied his days
DESTRUCTION OF SPARROWS.-The farmers, and middle age, they necessarily carried into it their sepa. and nights for a month previous. Not that Tipp was
many others in the country, take great pains to de. rate habits and oddities, unqualified, if I may so blind to the deadness of things (as they call them in stroy the sparrows; hut, from the following extract speak, as into a common stock. Hence they formed the city) in his beloved house, or did not sigh for a re.
from Bradley's Tre'tise on Husbandry and Garden. a sort of Noah's ark. Odd fishes. A lay-monastery. turn of the old stirring days, when South Sen hopes ing, it wonld not appear tsat they act judiciously in Domestic retainers in a great house, kept more for were young-(he was indeed equal to the wielding of
so doing :-"A pair of sparrows, during the time show than use. Yet pleasant fellows, full of chat any the most intricate accounts of the most flourish. they have their young to feed, destroy, on an average, and not a few among them had arrived at consider. ing company in these or those days)--but to a genuine every week, 3360 caterpillars.” This calculation he able proficiency on the German flute.
accountant the difference of proceeds is as nothing. founds upon actual observation, baving discovered The cashier at that time was one Evans, a Cambro. The fractional farthing is as dear to his heart as the that the two parents carried to the next forty cater. Briton. He had something of the choleric complexion | thousands which stand before it. He is the true ac. pillars in an hour! These birds also feed their young of his countrymen stamped on his visnomy, but was tor, who, whether his part be a prince or a peasant,
with butterflies, and other winged insects, each of a worthy sensible man at bottom. He wore his hair, must act it with like intensity. With Tipp form was which, if not destroyed in this manner, would be the to the last, powdered and frizzled out, in the fashion every thing. His life was formal. His actions seemed parents of hundreds of caterpillars—and what those which I remember to have seen in caricatures of what ruled with a ruler. His pen was not less erring than gentry would do in the garderis, &c. we need not tell. were termed, in my young days, Maccaronies. He his heart. He made the best executor in the world : -Newspaper paragraph. was the last of that race of beaux. Melancholy as a he was plagued with incessant executorships accord. PoisonING.–The French chemists make the fol. gib-cat over his counter all the forenoon, I think I ingly, which excited his spleen and soothed bis vanity lowing proposition, in order to render less frequent see him, making up his cash (as they call it) with tre. in equal ratios. He would swear (for Tipp swore) at the crime of poisoning, and to put on their guard mulous fingers, as if he feared every one about him the little orphans, whose rights he would guard with those who may be marked out as the victims of re. was a defaulter; in his bypochondry ready to imagine a tenacity like the grasp of the dying hand that com- venge, jealousy, or the like:-From 1824 to 1832, the himself one; haunted at least with the idea of the possi. mended their interests to bis protection. With all number of individuals accused of poisoning was 273 ; bility of his becoming one : his tristful visage clearing this there was about him a sort of timidity—(his few and it appeared that in many instances the intended up a little over his roast neck of veal at Anderton's at enemies used to give it a worse name)—a something victims had been saved by the bad taste communicated two (where his picture still hangs, taken a little before which, in reverence to the dead, we will place, if you to the food by the poisonous substauce. It is there. his death by desire of the master of the coffeehouse, please, a little on this side of the heroic. Nature fore recommended that it should be rendered compul. which he had frequented for the last five-and-twenty certainly had been pleased to endow John Tipp with sory to colour or give a flavour to all poisonous years), but not attaining the meridian of its animation a sufficient measure of the principle of self-preserva. substances which would not be deteriorated by the till evening brought on the hour of tea and visiting. tion. There is a cowardice which we do not despise, admixture. For the latter purpose alves have been The simultaneous sound of his well-known rap at the because it has nothing base or treacherous in its suggested, and of this many English as well as French door with the stroke of the clock announcing six, was elements; it betrays itself, not you : it is mere tem- chemists have approved. It has also been recom. a topic of never-failing mirth in the families which perament; the absence of the romantic and the enter. mended to scent all poisons with the same odourthis dear old bachelor gladdened with his presence. prising ; it sees a lion in the way, and will not, with musk for instance.—ivid.