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that he was fully more ashamed of the deterioration the sheriffs of which, accompanied by a great number but he declined it, saying, in a kind manner, that as that had occurred in his person than in his circum- of gentlemen, were ready to give him welcome. In the people were desirous to see a king, he was anxious stances. He was evidently greatly distressed by the the course of this day's journey, he visited an aged to gratify them, and he should therefore walk, so as nnaccustomed lankness and attenuation which he felt soldier called Sir William Reid, who, though blind to exhibit his person as well as bis face. This con. conscious bis altered form exhibited ; and I really did with age, declared himself so cheered by the gracious descension gave very general satisfaction. imagine that I had detected him, on more than one presence of his sovereign, as to feel all the warmth turned in the same manner. This day, after dinner, occasion, endeavouring, by bending himself backwards, of youth revived in his blood. From the residence of he conferred a great number of knighthoods in the to force an appearance of that projecting rotundity in this veteran, to Widdrington Castle, where he was to garden connected with the house in which he lived, front, which had once been his pride and his glory, lodge for the night, the distance was thirty.seven which was the palace of Lord Burleigh. The only but which had long since deserted him; endeavour. north-country miles ; yet he rode over that ground in unhappy incident of the day was the apprehension of ing, in fact, to put on the semblance of those honours the incredibly short space of four hours. At Wid. a Catholic seminary priest, who, under the disguise of wbich he could no longer boast the reality. Whe- drington, he was entertained by Sir Robert Carey, of a lay gentleman, had delivered to his majesty a ther this was 80 or not, I know, that, after his fall, owner of the mansion, who, as might be expected, petition in favour of the Catholics. This criminal, be greatly disliked being gazed at.

proved a most complaisant host. While viewing the for such he was held by the prejudices and the laws The other of the two persons of whom I speak, had park that afternoon, James happened to espy some of that time, was committed to jail. James here, as been a great gourmand in his day, and this circum. deer straying at a little distance ; and notwithstanding at Newcastle, opened all the jails, except to traitors, stance rendered his case a particularly piteous one ; the fatigues of his journey, he could not resist the pas. murderers, and papists; an association of names which for few things, I think it will be allowed, can be more sion excited by the sight, but began a-hunting, from the historians of the day present without the least affecting than a starving epicure-than to see a poor which be did not desist till two of the animals were comment, however much it may surprise the ears of fellow who has been accustomed to good living, com. slain.

the present generation. pelled, all of a sudden, to put up with the coarsest and Arriving at Newcastle next day, he spent that which James was entertained at York in a style of libera. most sorry fare, and that in scanty measure too. It followed (Sunday) in devotion, and on Monday re- lity and magnificence worthy of that ancient city, is from taking this view of the case, that I, for one, leased all the prisoners from the jails, except those once the capital of England. Lord Burleigh kept always feel exceedingly for a cook or waiter out of who were confined for "treason, murder, or papistrie,” open house for all comers during the time he continued place, or a decayed butcher or innkeeper. The con giving great sums out of his own purse for the release in the palace, which was two complete days; and on trast of circumstances in such cases is painfully strik. of the debtors. He remained in Newcastle till Wed: Monday, the mayor entertained him at a sumptuous ing. This was peculiarly observable in poor Law. nesday morning, his whole expenses borne by the citi. feast, which excited the wonder of all his Scottish rence, the second of the once jolly personages I allude zens.

attendants. Perhaps it was here that James made a to. In bis high and palmy days he had pursued the pro. His journey on Wednesday, April 13, was from droll remark, which has been recorded by tradition in fession of a commercial traveller, and was well known Newcastle to Durham, including a digression which Scotland. Some English courtier was so ill-bred as on the road” for a period of twenty years. No one he made to Lumley Castle, the seat of Lord Lumley, to observe, that very few mayors in Scotland could knew the “good houses" better than he; no one ever which splendid place be viewed with much admira- have given entertainment to so many persons as were eat at the top of the table with such an easy grace, or tion. At Durbam be was entertained in the Episco- here assembled ; to which the king instantly replied, carved a joint with such an air of gratification. pal palace, by the bishop; and as this prelate was Fy, man, there's a provost in Scotland that keeps Alas, that such a pleasing talent should have as. almost as eminent a sayer of good things as James an open house a' the year round, and aye the mae (the sumed the character of a failing! Yet such was the himself, the royal conversation during the evening is more) that come the welcomer.” He alluded to the case. On one occasion he was tempted to wait at said to have been uncommonly brilliant. On Thurs. chief magistrate of a certain Scotch burgh (supposed Greenock for six weeks after he had transacted his day, April 14, his majesty advanced to Walworth, to be Forfar) who kept an alehouse. business

, for the arrival of a supply of turtle by the the seat of Mrs Genison, widow of a gentleman who After this grand civic entertainment, his majesty West India Aeet. This was passed over by the had been in the service of Queen Elizabeth ; by whom left York, and rode to Grimstone, the seat of Sir Ed. firm," but a hint was administered as to future delays he was “bountifully entertained to bis very high con- ward Stanhope, where he lodged for the night. Next of a similar nature. The failing was, however, too ob- tentment.” In the course of this day's journey, he set day, Tuesday April 19, after dining with Sir Edward, durate to give way before a hint. While subsequently himself down on the high grounds above Haughton- who was high sheritf of the county, be rode towards on his western journey, he waited at a certain inn un. le-side, to enjoy the beatitic vision which was there Doncaster, stepping aside by the way to see Pontefract til he had eaten up a whole litter of pigs, whose un. opened to him—the fairest portion of Yorkshire, in castle. At Doncaster he lodged in an inn which bore common plumpness, and singularly tempting appear- its turn the fairest portion of England-the gallant the sign of the Sun and Bear, the host of which he re. ance, had attracted his notice as he was about to Tees, with all its woodlands, pastures, feedings, and paid next day for his entertainment, by “the lease of mount his horse to depart. On seeing them, his farmholds, stretched out in quiet beauty, and, as it a manor house in reversion, of good value.” raised foot dropped instinctively from the stirrup, his were, inviting him to come on and take possession: a On the 20th, being Wednesday, he proceeded to. horse was sent back to the stable, and re-entering the scene presenting such a contrast to the sterile soil wards Worksop, the seat of the Earl of Shrewsbury, inn, be ordered one of the seductive-looking animals which he bad left behind in the north, as must have where he intended to lodge for the night. At Bautry, for dinner. Its excellence equalled his expectations, almost bewildered his senses, or disposed bim, at least where he crossed the limit of Yorkshire, and entered and he remained, as already said, until he had con- | (says Mr Surtees, in his History of the County Pala- the county of Nottingham, he was left by the sheriff sumed the whole, at the moderate rate of a pig per tine of Durham) bad he been a man of common cha- of the former district and met by the sheriff of the diem. This unfortunate false step led to his immedi. racter to exclaim, in the words which a poet has since latter, who was “most gallantly appointed both with ate discharge, for “the partners" were most unluckily fancied for a similar occasion

horse and man. A little farther on, within a mile lean men, and did not possess a particle of sympathy

" Where's the coward that would not dare

of Blyth Hall, he alighted from his horse, and, sitting for a friend on the score of gourmanderie. Hence

To tight for such a land ?"

down upon a bank by the way.side, partook of a slight forth he lived on little else ihan his recollections, | In all probability, as James sat with his legs crossed, refreshment. As he approached Worksop, he was which being by no means nutritious to the body, on this delightful spot—for such was his attitude, the saluted from the park by a vision of huntsmen, the however much they might be a solace to the mind, place from that circumstance being still called Cross-chief of whom pronounced a congratulatory speech, he underwent a gradual kryning in the person, and Legshe only congratulated himself on having been and offered to show him some game; a pleasant and survived for a number of years, a sad memento of the born with the sacred and indefeasible right to inherit well-devised conceit on the part of the Earl of Shrews. danger which fat men are under in giving way to their and possess so much good land.

bury, than which scarcely any thing could have been tastes.

He advanced next day from the hospitable seat of more agreeable to his royal guest. The king at once Mrs Genison, to the house of a Mr Ingleby, near Top- consenting to the terms of the speech, a hunt was

cliffe, being attended by the high sheriff of Yorkshire, commenced in the park, wherewith his majesty, says * JOURNEY OF JAMES THE FIRST FROM

who, with a gallant train, had met him by the way. the narrator of the progress, was very much de. EDINBURGH TO LONDON.

From Topclitfe be proceeded on Saturday to York, lighted." His entertainment at Worksop was of a On the death of Queen Elizabeth, in the morning of the sheritfs of which met him at the extremity of the kind and extent still more astonishing than what he Thursday the 24th of March 1603, intelligence of the liberties, three miles from the city, where they pre had experienced at any other place : besides the

sented him with their white staves. Within a mile abundance of all provision and delicacie, there was event was conveyed to her successor, James VI. of of York, he was saluted by Lord Burleigh (elder bro- here a most excellent soule-ravishing musique, whereScotland, by Sir Robert Carey, who, setting off from ther to his faithful friend and minister Cecil), who with his highnesse was not a little delighted.” He London at ten o'clock of the day just mentioned, on was President of the Council in the north of England, quitted the earl's hospitable mansion next morning horseback, and spending the night of Friday at his and by far the most important officer who had yet after breakfast; the relics of the viands, which were own house near Morpeth, reached Edinburgh at about given him welcome. Attended by this nobleman and in themselves immense, being left open for any man ten o'clock of Saturday night, being nearly as rapid a by his own proper train, which was by this time his departure, he conferred the honour of knighthood

his retinue, by the sheriffs of the city and county, and that would, to come and take.” At Worksop, before journey as that now performed between the two cities swelled to an enormous amount, he advanced towards upon nineteen individuals. by the mail coaches. The Scottish monarch, to whom the gate, where he was received by the mayor, alder. This day, Thursday the 21st of April, he advanced this was an accession from one of the poorest to one of men, and principal citizens, the first of whom délivered to the town of Newark-upon-Trent, where, taking up the greatest of kingdoms, took a formal leave of his to him the double compliment of a congratulatory his quarters in the castle, which was the property of native subjects a week after, in St Giles's church, and speech and a cup full of gold. There was here a slight the crown, he might be said, for the first time since

dispute betwixt the mayor and Lord Burleigh, as to his entry into England, to have lodged in a house of on Tuesday the 5th of April, commenced his journey which should bear the sword before his majesty in his his own, or at his own expense. The corporation of towards England, leaving his wife and children to fol. progress through the city. To decide the question in Newark met the king as he entered the town, and, by low at leisure. He was accompanied by a few favourite a way which should give no offence to either party, the mouth of the alderman, their chief magistrate, Scottish nobles and churchmen, and by the French James facetiously asked if they would permit him, in expressed their affection towards him, presenting him,

this case, to have the disposal of his own property; at the same time, with “a faire gilt cup.” The speech ambassador, whose wife, being sickly, accompanied and both answering that they should be happy to was in Latin, and it was expressed in a way so agree. the cavalcade in a slung chair, carried by eight por. abide by his decision, he committed the object in dis able to the royal taste, that, when he was about to ters, four to relieve the others alternately. He spent pute to the Earl of Cumberland, the most distinguished quit the town next day, he desired to hear it repeated. the first night at Dunglass Castle, the seat of his coun.

soldier present (called by Queen Elizabeth her Cham. On this request being complied with, he asked the sellor Lord Hume, and next day reached Berwick, the pion), who forth with carried it before him into the good alderman wbat was his name. 'Being told that


it was Twentyman, he said, somewbat sharply, “ Then, fortifications of which, being something quite new to It was here that James might be said to have for by my saule, man, thou art a traitor ; the Twenty: him, gave him some surprise. Here he was enter. the first time taken upon him the state and office of mans pulled down Redkirk in Scotland !" He was, tained with a sermon by the celebrated Toby Mat- the king of England ; for on his arrival at York, he upon the whole, so well pleased with this orator, that thew, Bishop of Durham, whose humour was of a kind found the Secretary Cecil, and others of his privy he conferred npon him the office of purveyor of wax very much akin to his own ; and here also, to testify council, with whom he proceeded to hold conference for the king's household in the counties of Notting

on matters relating to government, and who began to ham, York, Lincoln, and Derby, and ever after had the respect in which he held the military art, he shot form something like a court around him. The day him in attendance when he came to hunt in Sherwood off a cannon with his own band, “80 faire,” says the after his arrival at York being a Sunday, he went to forest. flattering narrator of his progress,

and with such attend public worship in that glorious minster, which, During bis brief residence at this town, there oc. signe of experience, that the most expert gunners there it is easy to conceive, must have been, with all its gar- curred an incident which has given occasión to much

rison of church men and attendants, fully as great a beheld it not without admiration.”

unfavourable remark among his historians. A cut

wonder to his royal mind as either the fortifications purse, who confessed that he had followed the court, On Friday the 8th of April, James crossed the

of Berwick or the scenery of Teesdale. As he left in the exercise of his profession, all the way from Tweed and entered the county of Northumberland, I his lodging to go to church, he was offered a coach ; | Berwick, and whose activity was evident from the


great quantity of guld found upon his person, being majesty had entered, the doors were thrown wide of Queen Elizabeth. Here also he was, for the first here taken in the very fact, James, without waiting open, so as to admit all who chose to enter, whether time, joined by the royal body-guard, that corps har. for trial, directed a precept to the recorder of Newark their purpose was to have audience of the king, or ing been hitherto detained in attendance on the body for the immediate execution cf the criminal. Whether only to see his person ; and each individual was wel of their late mistress, as it was the custom of Eng. this was done in consideration of a right which he comed with the most costly viands and precious wines, land that the guard of the monarch never transferred might have to inflict summary punishment for an of. even the humblest populace having free access to the its services to the new sovereign till the former had fence committed within the precincts of the court, or cellars. Hospitality exerted in this degree was here been buried. with a reference to the custom of Scotland, which als become a much more wonderful thing than it had After having put the hospitality of his secretary, lowed of punishment without trial, in cases where been on any former part of James's progress ; for the Cecil, to a severe proof, James departed, Saturday, the crime was palpable and evident to the public eye multitudes which had hitherto tlocked to see him May 7, and advanced towards London ; being met ca -red-hand, as it was called-canuot now be ascer. were nothing to the myriads which he attracted in the way by an immense concourse of people. As Stam. tained.

this more populous district. “There was such plenty ford Hill, James received the addresses of his worthy He left Newark on Friday the 23d of April, and and variety of meates, such diversitie of wines, and citizens of London. “The lord mayor presented him advanced to Belvoir Castle, the splendid seat of the those not riffe-raffe, but even the best of the kind, with the sword and keys of the city, with whom were Earl of Rutland, “hunting all the way." His en. and the cellars open at any man's pleasure. And if the knights and aldermen, in scarlet gowns, and great tertainment at this house was of the most sumptuous it were so common with wine, there is little question chains of gold about their necks, with all the chief of. kind, and yielded him “exceeding pleasure." Next but the butteries for beere and ale were more common; ficers and council of the city; besides five hundred ei. morning, alter breakfast, and after he had dubbed a yet in neither was there difference; for whoever en. tizens, all very well mounted, clad in velvet coats and a score or two of knights, he set forward to Burleigh, tered the house, which to no man was denied, tasted chains of gold, with the chief gentlemen of the hus. dining by the way at the seat of Sir John Harring. what they had a mind to, and after a taste found ful: dred, who made a gallant show to entertain their se. ton. " His majestie, on the way, was attended by Desse; no man like a man being denied what he would vereign. A little way farther on, the multitudes of many lords and knights, and before his coming there call for. As this bounty was held back to none with people in highways, fields, meadows, closes, and on was provided train scents, and live haires in baskets, in the house, so for such poor people as would presse trees, were such that they covered the beauty of the being carried to the heath, that made excellent sport in, there were open beere-houses erected, wherein fields ; and so greedy were they to behold the coun. for bis majestie ; all the way betwixt Sir John Har. there was no want of bread and befe for the comfort tenance of the king, that with much unruliness they rington's and Stamford, Sir John's hounds, with good of the poorest creatures. Neither was this provision injured and burt one another ; some even hazarden mouths following the game, the king taking great for the little time of his majestie's stay, but it was the danger of death." leisure and pleasure in the same. Upon this heath, made ready fourteen days, and after his bighness's He thus crossed the fields to the back of the Charter. not far from Stamford, there appeared to the number departure distributed to as many as had a mind to it.” house, where he was to lodge; the multitude all the of a hundred high men, that seemed like the Pata. The king remained with Cromwell until he had way saluting him with vehement shouts and cries, gones, huge fellowes, twelve or fourteen foote high, breakfasted on the 29th-that is, one full day and so that one could scarce hear another speak, and, that are reported to live on the Mayne of Brazil, neere two nights. At his leaving the house, he expressed though there was no hope to find what was lost, espeto the streights of Megallant. The king at the first himselt gratified in the highest degree with the en, cially by the loser, yet many, in token of joy inwardly sight wondered what they were, for that they over- tertainment which his host and hostess had purveyed conceived in the heart, threw up their hals.” At this looked horse and man. But when all came to all, to him; saying in his broad accent, as he passed moment of peculiar excitement, when the king might they proved a company of poore honest suitors, all through the court, “ Marry, man, thou hast treated be said to enter the capital, although not the city, old going on high stilts, preferring a petition against the me better than any man since I left Edinburgh.” The men, if we are to believe the loyal Saville, were heard Lady Hatton. Wbat their request was I know not; probability is, he was treated better here than he ever to declare, that “it was enough for them to have lived but his majestie referred them till his coming to Lon- was before or after; for it was generally allowed at to see this sight.” Perhaps it was at this same mo. don, and so passed on from these giants of the Fen the time, that Cromwell gave on this occasion the ment that a sagacious Scotsman, in attendance upon towards Stamford ; within halfe a myle whereof, the greatest feast that ever had been given to a sovereign his majesty, remarked, “ Hout awa! thae folk wad bailiffes, and the reste of the chief townsmen of Stam- by a subject; which must be allowed to have been no spoil a gude king.” He remained in the Charter. ford, presented a gift unto his majestie, which was small praise, when we consider the splendid entertain. bouse three or four days, at the entertainment of Lord graciously accepted ; so rid he forward through the ments given to Elizabeth. It is pleasing to record Henry Howard, whom, as already mentioned, he had towne in great state, having the sword borne before that James retained a grateful sense of the good admitted into the privy council at Theobald's. He him, the people joyful on all parts to see him." ; squire's hospitality. He not only honoured him with here dubbed a great number of knights, making in all

At Burleigh Hall, the seat of Thomas Lord Bur- his personal friendship, but he made him a knight of the enormous number of two hundred and thirty-serea leigh, “ he and all his traine were received with great the Bath before his coronation, and he afterwards since he had left Scotland. magnificence, the house seeming so riche, as if it had gave him several good grants, which we have no doubt After having reposed four days in the Charterhouse, beene furnished at the charges of an emperour. The had a sensible effect on the internal comforts of Hin. to recover from his fatigues--fatigues of the table, we Dext day, being Easter-day, there preached before his chinbrooke Priory.

may suspect, as much as of the road—he proceeded to highness the Bishop of Lincolne; and the sermone At Good-Manchester, a small town not far from his palace of Whitehall, from whence he took barge was no sooner done, but all offices in the house were Huntingdon, James was surprised by a very extra- for the city. Having shot London Bridge, and been set open, that every man might have free accesse to ordinary scene ; seventy teams of horses, all traced to saluted by a prodigious peal of ordnance from the butteries, pantries, and kitchens, to eat and drink in “faire new ploughs,” being here brought to him, as Tower, he landed at that celebrated fortress, the lieu. at their pleasures." a present, by seventy husbandmen, in obedience to

tenant of which he received very graciously, even to On Monday the 26th of April, James rode back to some peculiar old tenure. Good-Manchester, it seems, the putting of bis royal arm round the officer's neck; Sir John Barrington's house, probably to enjoy an. was a town, “ for several centuries highly celebrated an acknowledgement, no doubt, of the assurances of other day's bunting with the knight's good hounds for the goodness of its husbandry;" and some early fidelity to his interests, which Payton had transmitted But his sport, if such he designed, was prevented by king had bestowed lands upon its denizens, under the to him before the demise of his predecessor. bis horse falling with him ; an accident by which he condition that they should meet him and his succes

dangerously bruised his arm, to the great amaze- sors, whenever they approached the town, with seventy ment and griefe of all them that were about his ma. of those implements by which they had wrought them. A FEW WORDS ON A BRANCH OF RURAL jestie at that time. But be, being of an invincible selves so good a name as agriculturists. James,

ECONOMY. courage, and his blood yet hotte, made light of it at amused at the odd nature of the present, inquired into “All the world should be able to have a fowl in the pol" the first, and being mounted again, rode to Sir John this part of the history of Good-Manchester; after

Saying of Henri IF. Harrington's, where he continued that night.” The which, learning that he was still nominally the pro- Scotland produces the finest and most delicate muttrue extent of the injury which James received by prietor of their lands, he said he was glad to be land. this accident, was a rupture in one of his clavicles. lord of so many good husbandmen in one town, and ton; the fish caught upon its shores are of unexampled Yet, partly from a dread of being taken in hands by enjoined them to continue to use their ploughs as well excellence, and are furnished, along with the salmon of his physicians, of whose operations he entertained a as their ancestors had done before them.

its rivers, in great abundance to the Loudon market. sincere horror at all periods of his life, and partly Soon after leaving Good-Manchester, he passed out The plentifulness and excellence of our game are mat. from a wish to cause no interruption to the mirthful of Huntingdonshire into Hertfordshire; and there, ter of notoriety. Scotch beef is generally small, cou. humour of his subjects, he concealed that fact, and of course, he was left by the sheriff of the one county only acknowledged that he was a little bruised. Be. and met by him of the other. There was something pared to that bred on the rich pastures of the south, ing unable, however, to continue his journey on horse- unusually fine in the style and retinue of the latter but is nevertheless sweet and nutritious. Our bread back, he left Sir Jobn Harrington's house next officer, Sir Edward Denny by name. He was “at- is prime, and every one knows that our ale and morning in a coach; thus returning to Burleigh, tended by a goodly company of proper men, being in whisky are prized wherever they are introduced. In " where he was royally entertained as before, but not number seven score, suitably apparelled, their liveries the north, we have, in short, every thing excellent with half that joy, the report of his hurt had disturbed blew coates, with sleeves parted in the middest, but. all the court so much."

toned bebind in jerkin fashion, and white doublets, of its kind and low in price, except poultry. Go His next stage, on Wednesday April 27, was to and hats and feathers, and all of them mounted on where you will in Scotland, you can rarely procure a Hinchinbrooke Priory, the seat of a very remarkable horses with red saddles. Sir Edward, after his hum. chicken worth eating. In nine cases out of ten, you person–Oliver Cromwell,

uncle and godsather to the ble dutie done, presented his majesty with a gallant see exhibited on the table poor starved things, and so Protector, but who was, in every respect of charac. borse, a riche saddle, and furniture correspondent to ter, the reverse of his famous namesake. “ In the the same, being of great value, which his majesty ac.

tough in the fibre as almost to defy mastication. In. way, he dined at that worthy and worshipful knight's, cepted very graciously, and caused him to ride on the stead of being the most delicate, they usually form Sir Anthony Mildmay's (Althorp), where nothing same before him. This worthy knight, being of a de- the most indigestible kind of food. In Edinburgh, in wanted in a subject's duty to a soveraigne, nor any liver spirit, and agil body, quickly mounted, managing particular, the poultry is wretched, though plentiful thing in so potent a soveraigne to grace so loyal a sub- the

gallant beaste with neate and eiduing workman- enough, and sufficiently dear, considering the bulk ject. Dinner being most sumptuously furnished, the ship, being in a rich sute of a yellow dun colour, and nature of the animals. tables were covered with costly banquets, wherein somewhat neere the coloure of the horse and furnievery thing that was most delicious for taste proved And thus, in brave manner, he conducted his

Sometimes countries go on for a long series of years more delicate by the art that made it seem beauteous majestie on to Maister Chester's house, where his ma- under a bad system, merely from not knowing a betto the eye, the lady of the house being one of the most jestie lay that night on his own royal charge.". ter; and such appears to be the case with Scotland in excellent confectioners in England, though I confess It was on Tuesday, the 3d of May, that he ap- respect of its supply of poultry. In this branch of many honourable women very expert."

proached Theobald's," the seat of Secretary Cecil

, rural and domestic economy, improvements have set Oliver Cromwell, who was to be the king's land. twelve miles from the capital. To give the readers an lord this evening, was one of the most popular and idea of the crowds which focked thither to see him, to commence. Those who at present direct their atbeloved characters in all Huntingdonshire, one of the Jobn Saville, the writer of an account of his entry into tention to the breeding and rearing of poultry, do not genuine old country gentlemen of the past age, who London, says that he himself, sitting in a window of proceed on any methodic principle, or are aware that were destined to become so completely extince

in the the Bell at Edmontowe (unquestionably the same inn they are labouring under the serious evil of having, next. This excellent person had no sooner learned alluded to in "John Gilpin"), reckoned three hun. that he was likely to become the host of his sovereign, dred and nine horsemen, and a hundred and thirty generally speaking, an improper, unkindly breed of than he hastened to make preparation for his proper seven pedestrians, pass along from London, in half an

fowls. In order to effect improvements in these rereception, laying in stores of all kinds of meat and hour; and the landlord declared, that the flow of pas. spects, some individuals should here, as in certain drink, and even making considerable additions to the sengers bad continued, at nearly the same degree of parts of England, make a business of rearing and extent of his house. He met the king at the gate of copiousness, during all that and the preceding day. the great court, and conducted him along a walk that At Tbeobald's, James was met by the principal of. • From Mr R. Chambera's Life of James I., Constable's Mo led to the principal entrance of the house. After his ficers of state, and by all the old servants and úfficers I cellany..


supplying good fuwls for the table. Any one who The carts used to convey poultry travel by relays both for the father and son, were kept ready saddled would take in hand to supply poultry to the Edin. of horses, and do not stop on the way. They come as for them to seek their safety by flight, should there be burgh market, such as is to be bought in London, far as twenty to twenty-five post leagues. The far. occasion. The uncertainty in which that day was would in all likelihood very soon realise a fortune, Those living at a distance from Paris, not being acmers are the only persons who raise or feed poultry. passed increased their anxiety to a painful degree;

and at length, by the advice of young Carlyle, the fas even although he sold bis commodities at much lower quainted with the dealers, could not conveniently cher and the son mounted their horses to seek a place prices.

transact the sale of their goods; and to remedy this of greater safety than their own house was now In the Prize Essays of the Highland Society, pub- difficulty, factors have been appointed under the con. deemed. The number of stragglers, however, on the lished last year, we find some useful hints on this trol of the Administration des Halles, who conduct road, and some stray balls wbich sometimes crossed

the sales to the dealers, and are responsible for the it nearer them than they thought altogether pleasant; subject by Mr Robison, secretary of the Royal Society payments, which

are made to the owners at the close made the old man determined to return home, and of Edinburgh. This gentleman laments the bad con- of the market. This method has inspired so much there abide the consequences, whatever they might dition of the poultry in Scotland, and proposes that confidence, that the distant farmers seldom accomo prove. After the battle, the custom house of Prestonpremiums should be offered for its improvement. The pany their goods, but consign them to the factors, pans, in the immediate vicinity of the manse, was following are a few of his observations, and we shall who account to them, and remit the proceeds of sale.

used by the rebels as an hospital. This circumstaneo be gratified to learn that they have tended to accom

The annual consumption of poultry and small brought the minister's family and the Highlanders

game in Paris usually amounts to ten millions of into such close contact, that they firmly expected that plish the object in view :-" The inferior quality and kilogrammes (near twenty-two millions of English the house would be taken possession of and plundered. bad condition of the poultry in the markets of Edin. pounds weight.)"

In this emergency young Carlyle applied to his mom burgh, have always been a subject of complaint by

ther for all the old linen in the house, without intithe inhabitants, and of remark by strangers ; and as

mating what he meant to do with it. He was then MISCELLANEA.

armed with old shirts, and, thus defended, ventured it does not appear that there is any natural obstacle in the climate or soil of Scotland to the production of


to enter the hospital. Here he told who he was, and animals of a good breed, and in good condition for Lassente, a French emigrant, came to England in the said, that although he had no pretensions

to surgery, food, it is an object worthy of the attention of the year 1793, brought with him L.40 sterling, which he yet he was willing to render all the assistance in his

was determined should subsist him four years, when power in dressing the wounded. While thus em. Highland Society of Scotland, to endeavour to intro. he flattered himself his country might be restored to ployed, he observed a young man, apparently an offi. duce a better system than that which now prevails, tranquillity, and himself permitted to return again in Young Carlyle went up to him, and made to him

cer of rank, rendered helpless by a severe wound. and to bring to the notice of proprietors and iarmers peace. In the meantime, he took a small garret at the benefit they may derive, from the raising of im. Somers' Town, and was observed to eat nothing but proffer of his father's house, and of himself and big proved breeds of poultry, becoming a part of the regular bread, and drink nothing but water. A gentleman mother as his nurses, with all the accommodation and business of their farms; and from studying the methods in the neighbourhood being informed of this circum. aid which the place could afford, or the neighbours

stance, most humanely sent him a present of a fine hood supply. This benevolent offer was gratefully acpractised in the places which have been most successful ham, in return

for which Lasseure sent (by the help cepted; the young officer was conveyed to the manse, in this branch of farming. In order to accomplish of a grammar and dictionary) the following letter of placed in its best apartment, and treated with all the any decided amelioration in the supply of poultry, or thanks :—“SiR_There is the first letter that I dare tenderness his condition required. When young Carto make the raising it for sale a profitable occupation to write in the English language, pardon the gram-lyle had got him fairly lodged, he suggested to bim, for those who undertake it, it is essential, in the com. matical faults, in return of the hot sentiments of my that, as he was an officer of rank, he ought to be ac mencement, that a superior breed be introduced, in heart. Sure enough, sir, I am stupified by your great commodated with a guard, to prevent the danger place of the mixed and mongrel race usually found on

generosity, and your admirable favour. Í have found arising from surprise or agitation occasioned by any Seotch farms; and in the next place, that the requisite yesterday, on arriving to my house, an enormous ham, sudden attack upon the house

an event very likely buildings and accommodation should be provided, and heard it was proceeding from your goodness to occur, as its inmates were known not to favour the where they do not already exist.

How much am I gratfull, my dearest 'sir ! above all, cause of Prince Charles. The young officer complied Upon consideration of the circumstances of the case, when I consider that I am unknown to you, and i with this suggestion-wrote to his superior, explain. and after consultation with market dealers and others, have rendered you none service-this gift is then very ing the

state in which the battle had left bim—in what who have had much experience in the traffic of poul gratuitous. Ah! it is the top of the kindness, and

manner he was accommodated_and requesting a try, it is humibly suggested that the most effectual make a magnificent eulogy of your generous heart- guard, for his greater security and comfort, to be way to begin the improvement would be for the High. would to God I should can go myself, to the end that placed upon the house which had afforded him an asy, land Society to take measures for the importation of a I offer to you my thanks, but I cannot; yet the wishes lum. This request was granted. And thus, by the regular supply of eggs of the pure Dorking breed of that I do at London for your happiness are neither happy manæuvring of young Carlyle, in a singular fowls, for disposal among farmers; and to institute less ardent nor less sincere. I I am happy enough combination of circumstances, which at once gave annual premiums for specimens of produce, to be ex.

to carry back my body in France, I shall extol that ample scope to the selfish and the benevolent affec. hibited in Edinburgh, and at the district shows, in liberality; but you shall permit me to leave to you tions, he perhaps saved his father's house from pillage, the same way as has been done, with marked good my heart, its gratitude, and the respectful affection with and a fellow.creature from untimely death. The young effects, in different counties in England.

which I am, sir, your very humble servant, Lasseure, officer, in an evil hour, had been prevailed upon, withia On the subject of the most approved methods of Rector of Ribourseaux, Burgundy.” This letter was

out the knowledge of his family, to join the rebels ; rearing and fattening poultry, ample information may shown to the Princess Elizabeth, on which lucky but during the time he lay an invalid in the manse of be found in Mowbray and other authors. Mr Loudon, event the writer was taken from his humble garret, Prestonpans, he was so completely lectured out of his in his late work (the Encyclopædia of Cottage Archi- and introduced to plenty, and a first floor.---Edinburgh Jacobitism, that, on his recovery, instead of follow. teeture, page 622 to 629), gives valuable directions Magazine, 1821.

ing the Highlanders to England, he returned to his for the construction of pouliry-houses on an extended scale, with modern improvements for heating and

LETTER OF A HUMBLE Scotswoman. The folo publicly known that ever he had countenanced the

friends in the north of Scotland ; and as it was not ventilation ; he also shows how the rearing of fowls lowing letter, from an honest old woman near Stirling desperate enterprise, he escaped the ruin which, after may be profitably pursued, as an occasional occupation to the Emperor Alexander, was most graciously re.

the battle of Culloden, overtook most of its partisans. by cottagers. (See also our number of “ Information ceived, and a handsome gilt ordered to the writer by ---Ibid. the magnanimous sovring :-“Unto the Most Excel.

DIAMONDS.-Diamonds ! what a strange passion; The following particulars respecting the supply of lent Alexander, empror of the great dominion of wlrat a curious disease ; what a topic for speculative the markets of London, Edinburgh, and Paris, it is Russia, and the frontiers thereunto belonging, &c. curiosity, is the thirst' which some women feel for hoped, will not be without some degree of interest :The supply of London is drawn from 80 many quar. begs your most gracious pardon, for my boldness in these precious articles ! And as if it were not enough ters, that it would be difficult to point out any in par. attracting your most dread sovring for your clemency may be made to imitate, they must needs have better ticular as the principal ones. immense cargoes are

at this time. My sovring, the cause of this freedom than their neighbours, and in the desire to outshine, imported weekly from France by the steam-boats, and is on the account of your sovring's goodness in saving forget every thing else. Many a handsome woman en. others are brought by coasting vessels from distant and enlarging of my son, whose name is John Dun.

ters a room, far prouder of the stones in her hair and counties ; but the finest specimens are furnished by can, aged twenty-six years of age, who was an ap.

on her bosom than all the real advantages nature has those nearer London, where the ready sales, at good prentice, and who was prisoner with Robert Spittle, given her; and many an ugly woman has ruined her prices, have led many persons to engage extensively his master, captain of the Jean Spittle of Alloa, at the husband, and starved her tradespeople

, that

she might the premiums instituted by local associations, and by mions in Russia, who is the only support of me, his Why? Is the handsome woman happier or even public-spirited individuals, has contributed to raise mother, and, besides, I have no other friend for my more admired ; is the ugly woman less ugly with her the produce of particular districts to a high state of support, and on the account of your gracious bene- diamonds than without them? or all the different

volenca, be pleased to accept of this small present from madnesses and false tastes created by idleness and excellence. The Edinburgh market is likewise supplied from your ever well wisher, whilst I have breath: The luxury, surely this is the most unaecountable ! A The best of the common fowls come

small present is three pair of stockens for going on certain lady of fashion was for years in the habit of from the north side of the Forth. They are brought when your sovring, goes a-bunting: I would have collecting emeralds, pearls, and other precious stones, to town by carriers and higglers, who buy them from

sent your sovring silks stockens if that my son could one by one; and after she had a sufficient number for the farmers and sell them to the dealers. It is allowed go in search for shem; the pressgang being so hot at

a necklace, she would request her husband to “set that not one-third part of the supply is in a condition ibis time that he cannot go for fear of being pressed. them.” Extravagance in proportion with this branch Al for the table, and that no portion of it is of a good If your sovring will be pleased to accept of this

pre of expenditure, gradually consumed what had origi. thumberland, but latterly great numbers have been bearer, and tell me what family your sovring bas, 1 the increasing embarrassment of their circumstances,

will send stockens for them all for the winter, before but continued her collection of jewels. imported from Ireland by the steam-vessels.

At length The following particulars regarding the supply for the winter comes; and also what sons and daters you the day arrived when they were pronounced ruined, the consumption of Paris, have been extracted from might have. Most dread sovring, I am your most who had long been so in reality. The lady behaved a statement obligingly furnished by the Directeur. obedient humble servant till death, Elizabeth Wyllie. beautifully on the occasion : agreed to every species General des Approvisionnemens de Paris, in reply to

St Ninians, by Stirling, 2d April 1804. Please direct of retrenchment, but refused to give up ber jewels, inquiries which were addressed to him on this occa

to me, to the care of Robert Rennie, in St Ninians, which would have covered almost the half of their sion :

by Stirling, North Britan. Sovring Alexander, Em. debts. Tempted some time afterwards by a jeweller's During the half of the spring, all the summer, pror of Russia.”—Ibid.

advertisement, she went out, succeeded in bargaining and part of the autumn, poultry is brought to Paris ANECDOTE OF DR CARLYLE.- At the time of the for the most pure and perfect emeralds, and, on her alive, in baskets of open wicker-work. During the last civil contest in Scotland in 1-745, Mr Carlyle (af- return, found that her husband, who had been long cold season, the fowls are killed and plucked before terwards for many years minister of Inveresk), who in low spirits, had shot himself through the head. The being sent: they arrive in better condition during had some time before obtained licence to preach the jury brought in a verdict of lunacy, and all his friends this season than when sent alive. In April, consider gospel, was residing with his father, the minister of went about regretting that they had not foreseen and able quantities of very fat chickens, called poulets à Prestonpans, when the Highlanders triumphed so prevented his melancholy end, but no one saw made la reine, are sent. These are killed at six weeks old, signally at that place over the royal army. The known ness in the lady's conduct; and she afterwards made having been crammed (gavés) by hand during three loyalty of the senior Mr Carlyle to the reigning prince, a rich banker (her second husband) set that very eme. weeks. They are plucked, trussed (cambrés), and made him afraid lest he and his family should be rald as a drop to the most superb necklace ever worn done up (each chicken separately) in paper, previous marked out as the victims of the conquering party. at court by any one under the rank of a royal duchess. to being dispatched.'.

On the day on which the battle was fought, horses, I - The Wife.




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Colunin for the Bops.

escape the attention of youth. Suppose a companion suffering to make us conscious of this. A cheerful

were to speak to you in these words, “I would like grateful disposition is a sort of sixth sense, by which MY DEAR LITTLE Boys—There is a subject which


you would go and steal a penny from your mother," we perceive and recognise happiness. He who is fully I have for a long time thought of speaking to you I believe you would at once refuse to commit so abo. persuaded of its existence, may, like other unthinking about, worthy of your notice, which I now take an

minable an action. The thievish bad companion children, break out into occasional complaints, but wil opportunity of alluding to. The subject is the use of knows this, and so he attempts to undermine your sooner return to reason ; for the deep and intense feel. slang words. You must understand that the English

virtuous resolutions, by insinuating in the first place ing of the happiness of living, lies like a rose-coloured language which you are taught to read, write, and

what a delightful thing it would be to have a penny ground in his inmost heart, and shines softly through speak, is composed of certain words of a pure or cor. rect nature, sufficient for expressing every variety of

to spend on some pleasing gratification, and then hints the darkest figures which fate can draw upon it. sentiment, and describing all kinds of objects. It is in sly slang terms that it would be very easy for you Tour of a German Prince.

to "nip up" such a trifle. Such is invariably the this body of correct words which forms the best dic. tionaries, and which all our good writers employ.

practice of those evil-disposed persons whom Solomon But besides this body of pure words, there is a set advises his son to avoid. I therefore say, whenever NOTICE RESPECTING “A HERO IN HUMBLE

LIFE." of words and phrases having no place in the dic.

you hear any one using words of an ambiguous or

slang nature, pause to think on what their real mean. Our readers will readily recollect an article in the 17 1st cionaries of the English tongue, and which are used ing may be, and so prevent yourselves from falling number of the Journal, entitled " A Hero in Humble by particular orders of people to ornament their con.

into mischief. versation, and mostly expressive of mean or knavish

Life," commemorating the intrepidity and self-devotion ideas or unworthy objects. These words and phrases

of a pilot on the Clyde, whom we fictitiously named receive the appellation of slang.


John Cochrane. We are now at liberty to mention At one period, particularly about a hundred and


that the circumstances, all of which were strictly true, fifty years ago, and a little earlier, it was very usual

referred to JAMES Maxwell, at present pilot to the City

NO. II. for gentlemen and ladies of the highest rank, and even


of Glasgow steainer, and resident in the Broomielaw of for kings and queens, to interlard their conversation

[With the origin of this ludicrous lamentation over the wnes of that city. It is our pleasing duty also to mention, that with oaths of the most improper nature. Up till a literary indigence, we are unacquainted. It has been written down we have received from various persons, on his account, comparatively recent period, oaths continued to be less for us by a country friend, who has been long accustomed to sing or more used by persons in the rank of gentlemen, but

it. The air is the same with Roy's Wife o' Aldivalloch, but sung the sum of L.21, 12s., the greater part of which was sent

a little more quickly.) in the present day it is understood that no one having

during the first week after the publication of the article,

Come, ragged brethren o' the Nine, 'ust claims to that dignity ever degrades himself by

Join, ilka honest, purseless callan ; (1)

and before the appearance of a note in the ensuing sumsuch a violation of the rules of good breeding. Slang

The waes o’ duddy doublets sing,

ber, by which we intimated our readiness to take charge words, however, are still extensively in use among When gousty (2) Want keeks through the hallan. (3) of any monies which generous individuals might think the ignorant and idle of the upper ranks, and their It's true I've nae great heart to sing,

proper to offer to one apparently so worthy of every example, as might be expected, is followed by the Fuistit (4) in auld hair-mouldy garret ;

mark of regard. The various contributions op till this thoughtless and unprincipled in all grades of society. But yet there's ease in dulefu' croon, No one ever does ill without having an excuse, and

Though there be little in the wallet.

date (June 3), are as follow :so it is with those who are accustomed to this degrad.

On the waefu' want o'siller,

A Lady residing in Stockbridge, a suburb of Edin


Weary fa' the want o'siller ; ing practice. A slang word is supposed, by those who

It maks na what be in your pow, (5)

Another Lady residing in Stockbridge

2 0 0 speak it, to give a more lively or grotesque meaning

Gin your pouch be bare o'siller.

W. M., London than a correct word could accomplish ; and it is al.

It's waur nor a' the waes o' life,

J. E. W., London leged there can be no harm in now and then resorting

5 @ 0 to a whimsical word of this nature, for the purpose of

And sair benumbs a body's noddle;

Messrs Orr and Smith, publishers, in conjunction raising a smile or enforcing expression. Perhaps For worth nor wit, without the pell,

with Messrs Bradbury and Evans, printers, of Is never counted worth a bodle. (6)

the London edition of Chambers's Journal there is no great actual harm done, if any at all, in

It's no your wit, it's no your lear,

“ An English woman," per letter dated East Anglia 0 0 many instances of the use of slang, but these are the

Though ye should on Pegasus gallop ;

A Lady at Brighton exceptions, not the rule, and it is the rule we must

It maks na, gin your breeks be bare,

G. D., Glasgow, ls.; a Lady, Glasgow, Is. hold to as our standard of right and wrong. The

And hinging a' in tatter-wallop.

Mr Oliphant, 10, Inverleith Place, Edinburgh great mischief which is produced in society by the use

Oh the waefu', &c.

Mr Sidey, Perth

5 of slang is this, and I beg you will try to keep it in When baugh (7) wi' care and fell mishap,

A Lady

50 mind : slang words are generally intended to disguise And puirtith hauds a body gaunting, (8)

To this sum we have added a tribute of our own, and the real character of the sentiment expressed, or the There's never ane to speir your ail,

the whole bas been enclosed to Maxwell, but strictly as real object and tendency of the action to be accom- Gif that the penny siller's wanting.

a testimony of admiration for his heroism-for in no other plished ; and are cheatsfalsehoods. Thieves of all For now-a-days, there's nae sic thing descriptions are well acquainted with the value of slang. As honest hearts o' Nature's lything ;

light can it be properly regarded. For the benefit of the They could not carry on their trade without it. After There'll scarce a body look your way,

hearts of our readers, we may here quote one or two of committing a theft, they would, for instance, think Gif that the siller binna kything.

the kind and generous letters in which these tributes shame to say, “I have this evening stolen a gentle.

Oh the waefu', &c.

were enclosed :man's watch.” That is so flat a confession of villany Ye'll no get brose, nor breid, nor cheese,

London, May 9, 1835. that they cannot, dare not say it. They therefore

Nor social drap to weet your wyzon: (9)

Messrs Chambers--1 bez leave to forward you the enclosed fivedisguise the base act by this sort of language-“Well,

What cares the polished man o'wealth,

pound note, for the heroic pilot Cochrane, mentioned in your Jack, I have been in luck; I have this evening prigged

Though wyzon, wame, and a' yae gyzant? (10) Journal of this day. I have taken the liberty of troubling you with a ticker.” This, you see, gives a light pleasant turn

When lucky stars gie 's leave to sit,

it, not knowing where else I could send it. May the blessing of to the idea. It does not excite disagreeable feelings like

Oxer comfort's cozy cutehac beeking ; (11) Him by whose provirience we are all kept, accompany this small the word stolen, which, however, ought to have been

To set your very creepy stule,

offering.-1 remain, Sirs, “a sincere admirer of the philanthropy

Baith' rich and puir will ast be seeking. the word made use of. Thus it is very generally with

and morality with which your Journal is conducted, J. E. W. Oh the waefu', &c.

Gentlemen-In your number of this day, I have just read the slang words.

If a man wants to cheat another, he uses a familiar slang phrase in speaking to him.

What, think ye, is't links hands and hearts?

pathetic tale headed " A Hero in Humble Life"- John Cochrane It's nowther beauty, wit, por carriage ;

-a noble man indeed! an honour to human nature, well worthy When a poor prisoner is placed in jail, those who are

But, frae the cottage to the ha',

the consideration of his countrymen. The tale has touched my already incarcerated insist on this unhappy new victim

It's siller aye thai maks the marriage.

soul, and I enclose you a sovereign towards a subscription for giving them what they call garnish. In correct lan. I've been in luve out ower the lugs,

him. I only regret that I have not a thousand pounds to spare, to guage they would say, “ You must give us money to Like mony other chield afore me;

lay at his feet, as I should consider myself honoured by his acdrink, which money we have no right to ask ;" but But, 'cause my mailin was but sma,

ceptance of it. Could not something be done towards buying him you perceive that this would be too plain, and hence The saucy limmers did abhor me.

an annuity, or could not the government do something for him they make use of the slang word garnish, which dis.

Oh lhe waefu', &c.

by way of employment ? Our present king is a sailor: find means guises the injustice of the demand, and gives it a dash Hale books I've wrote, baith prose and verse,

to put your Journal into his hands, and I am persuaded he will of frolicsome humour.

And mony a roosing dedication,

feel all the glow of an Englishman's feelings in doing a good acYoung people cannot be too guarded in avoiding

But nae ane owned the puir baugh chield,

tion.-I am, Gentlemen, yours truly,

W. M. Sae nocht for me but grim starvation.

Messrs Chambers the use of any words which in this manner disguise

Saturday, May 9, 1835 the real character of vicious actions. The use of slang,

And oh, but my ain sbanks be sma,

We may here state, that one of the many accidents to like swearing, is a habit exceedingly easy of acquisi.

My very nose as sharp's a filler;
Grim death will soon tak me awa-

which Maxwell has been exposed in consequence of his tion, and most difficult to be eradicated when once

Ohone, ohone, the want o'siller!

debility, consisted in a severe fracture of the ribs. The fixed and cherished. It is a habit which assuredly

value, however, in which he was held by his employers, endangers sound moral principle, and at the very (1) Lad. (2) Ugly. (3) Threshold. (4) Withcred. (5) Head. least gives a low grovelling turn to the character of (0) Half a farthing. (7) Out of sorts. (8) Yawning. (9) Throat. on account of his steady and upright character, caused those who indulge in it. When spoken by cheats, disused bariel.

(10) Ready to fall to pieces with drouth, like the staves of a long them on this occasion to continue his ordinary pay dure thieves, robbers, and every other species of livers on (11) To warm ourselves by the fireside of a house provided with ing the period of his recovery. He has since then enplunder, it betokens a mind suuk in vice, and perhaps every comfort.

tered the service of a different coinpany, conducting a hopelessly ruined. When used gentlemen, it is

steam shipping communication between Glasgow and equally significant of a want of purity of thought. It CONTENTMENT. -What has often and bitterly Liverpool ; by whom, notwithstanding the enfeebled is impossible not to imagine that those who introduce vexed me, is to hear people lament the wretchedness state of his body and broken health, he is (as how could such phraseology into their conversation are not the of this life, and call the world a vale of sorrows. Is

such a man be otherwise?) esteemed as a valuable sercompanions of gamblers and pick pockets, or are not not enjoyment and well-being manisestly throughout

vant. We cannot omit the opportunity of mentioning, in the habit of preying on the simplicity of their ac- the world the positive natural state of animated be. quaintances. ings ? Is not suffering, evil, organic imperfection or

that, as no addition to the tribute above stated could ex. You may, my dear young friends, depend on the distortion, the negative shadow of this general bright. ceed the deserts of this excellent person, we shall be correctness of this fact, that no boy who swears, who ness ? Is not creation a continual festival to the glad to take charge of any further sums with which the irreverently makes use of the word God, or who in healthy eye, the contemplation of which, and of its public may be pleased to entrust us. any respect employs improper or slang phrases, can splendour and beauty, tills the heart with adoration 19, Waterloo Place, Edinburgh, be of good dispositions, or is in the way of well and delight? And were it only the daily sight of the

June 3, 1835. doing. Avoid his society. Shun his company. Have enkindling sun, and the glittering stars, the green of nothing to do with him. Lying, stealing and speak the trees, and the gay and delicate beauty of flowers, • More minutely, his address is, “ M'Alpine's Land, Brom ing slang words, are all of a piece : they go hand in the joyous song of birds, and the luxuriant abundance Street, Broomielaw, Glasgow." hand. A thief is always a liar_always a disguiser and rich animal enjoyment of all living things-it of his actions under fantastic phraseology. I think it would give us good cause to rejoice in lise. But how LONDON: Published, with Permission of the Proprietors, by ORS

& SMITH, Paternoster Row; G. BERGXR, Holywell Street thus necessary to put you on your guard, for I never much still more wondrous wealth is unfolded in the

Strand; BANCKS & Co., Manchester; WRIGHTSON & WEBE, yet knew any good come of a young man who used treasures of our own minds! What mines are laid Birmingham; WILLMER & SMITH, Liverpool; W. E. SOMERloose expressions. It is a well-known saying of So. open by love, art, science, the observation and history

SCALE, Leeds; C. N. WRIGHT, Nottingham; M. BINGHAN,

Bristol; S. SIMAS, Bath; C. GAIN, Exeter; J. PURDON, Hull; lomon, to My son, when sinners entice thee, consent of our own race, and, in the deepest deep of our souls, A. WHITTAKER, Sheffield; H. BELLERBY, York; J. TAYLOR, thou not." Now, you must observe that sinners never the pious reverential sentiment of God and his uni. Brighton; and sold by all Booksellers, Newsmen, &c. in town entice any one to commit an evil deed by using correct versal work! Truly we were less ungrateful were

and country.

Stereotyped by A. Kirkwood, Edinburgh. terms of speech, which is a circumstance very apt to we less happy; and but too often we stand in need of Printed by Bradbury and Evans (late T. Davison). Whitefriars. CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM CHAMBERS, AUTHOR OF “ THE BOOK OF SCOTLAND,” &c., AND BY ROBERT CHAMBERS,



No. 179.



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some prospect of his being able to take a bolder posi- expenses of transfer. It is on no other account that We had lately occasion to employ some joiners to make tion, where he may defend bimself from contumely the cost of recovery of a debt, in many instances, an alteration in the passages of a house, and, on com. and injury: he shrinks from the very idea, and mur. far exceeds the sum which is sued for. Every ing in the course of the day to see how the work was muring “ It can't be done,” resigns himself to what body sees that all this is nonsense, except the men advancing, found that they were proceeding upon a he has long been disposed to think “his fate.” Tell who are interested in supporting it, or who have had plan which threatened much inconvenience, but which the professional man, who, like certain animals, bas their understandings narrowed by long continuance was the most obvious that could have been adopted. taken one meal of knowledge and gone to sleep for in the antiquated practices; and, therefore, we have We suggested another mode, by which the inconve- ever, or any other sort of person who regularly op- the sorry consolation of knowing that some hundreds nience might be avoided ; but there was something poses every thing till it is established, and then "en. of years may elapse before our posterity sball be eccentric about it, something inconsistent with the cumbers it with help,” that there is a project for more comfortable in this respect than ourselves. usual practice of the craft, and we accordingly re. applying steam to navigation, or gas to domestic use, An exemplary instance of the impracticability of ceived for answer, “Why, sir, it can't be done." or the monitorial system to education, and he instantly this order of men lately came under our observa. We insisted, nevertheless, on our proposal being meets you with a blighting “ It can't be done.” tion. We mentioned to a gentleman in connection adopted, and it was so, but under a strong protest Every thing great and useful has to go through an with the higher criminal courts, that it was certainly from the foreman, disclaiming all responsibility for “ It can't be done" stage, during which, in some in. a most injurious practice to confine individuals ac. the result, and not without some ill-suppressed sneers stances, how many noble spirits are condemned to cused of crimes for a period of three and four months and grumblings on the part of the subordinate opera- sigh themselves into atrophy, or chase themselves into previously to trial, making them associate together in tives. On the conclusion of the work, it was found madness! The heart-break of Columbus was, “It the interval, and therefore either punishing them be. precisely suitable; por did any evil consequence of can't be done.” It is the most sluggish, the most fore they were proved to be guilty, or allowing them any kind flow from our having followed our own cowardly, the most cruel, the most pernicious of to contaminate each other by their society. “Oh, it judgment. maxims.

cannot be otherwise," he replied ; "they are tried as We would say—and we of course say it in all friendly The generation of Il can't be dones is also not un. soon after the commission of the offence as possible ; good-humour—that the “ It can't be done" of our common in the army. For some time after the com- no better plan could be devised; the law is quite defriend the foreman is a phrase too prevalent among mencement of the Peninsular war, Lord Wellington cisive on the subject.” It was in vain we repre. artizans. If, in the thing which you employ them to had an adjutant-general (perhaps we are mis-stating sented that the whole system should be altered—the fabricate-, pair of shoes, for instance, or any other the office, but it is of little consequence) who had seen courts sitting daily if necessary-both for the sake of piece of clothing-you require, for taste or necessity, a good many previous campaigns, and was a very re- the community and of individuals. He could not see any departure from the usual rule, it is three to one that spectable officer, according to ordinary views, but the force of the argument. From having looked for you are met with this “ It can't be done ;" or, if the never received an order without starting objections, years at a particular routine of procedure, he could not work be undertaken, you are almost equally sure to have and usually went away with an appearance of utter imagine the possibility of any thing better. The idea it executed in the usual manner, and all your remon. despair as to the possibility of carrying the project into was too new to be comprehended. Any change must strances answered with a retrospective version of the execution. The commander-in-chief soon perceived be for the worse. “ It can't be done." phrase—“ It could'nt be done.” The habit of work that this worthy gentleman, with his constant " It ing after a particular fashion—the blinding effects of can't be done,” was quite unsuitable to the new mode GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION OF custom—incapacitate the greater number of mechanics of carrying on war; and it therefore became a matter

ANIMALS. for taking up and adapting their ingenuity to parti- of great importance that a proper substitute should be Nature_by which, as a phrase of convenience, we cular cases ; and it is only a small proportion of lively found. Wellington bad chanced lately to give one or generally prefer denoting the great Creating and Disand salient minds who can be induced to break through two occasional orders of a somewhat difficult kind to posing Power-has appointed very few forms of ani. the dogged and perversely straight forward system of a young captain, who, in receiving them, had not be mal or vegetable life to be localised in any portion of their respective professions. These clever fellows trayed the slightest mark of either surprise at the na. the globe approaching to its entire terrestrial surface. are probably those who attain promotion ; but there ture of the command, or fear for its execution, but, The most of them are calculated for certain degrees should be more of them. An individual who, for with a simple assent, had goue promptly off to do of heat and cold, and, accordingly, are to be found whatever reason or purpose, requires articles of what was required. This man he immediately ele distributed in rings or zones around the globe, or at extraordinary construction, often experiences the vated to the office in question, and it is said that no certain altitudes on elevated grounds, with a direct greatest difficulty in getting workmen willing, not to commander ever had a better assistant. On another reference in both cases to the temperature of the situ. say able, to take up the specialties of the case. We occasion, some delay had taken place in the bringing ation. Some minor circumstances are almost every know, for instance, one unhappy gentleman, who de of some boats with provisions up one of the Portuguese where found to modify this general rule. The nature clares, with reference to a particular part of his dress, rivers, and a commissariat officer, who was responsi- of the soil and surface; the different degrees of dry. where nature has called for a slight departure from ble for the duty, was summoned to the presence of the ness and humidity, and the consequent character of the usual forms, under the penalty of very severe suf-chief

. “Why are those boats not yet brought up?" the climate and vegetation ; the comparative extent of fering, that he was twenty-five years of age, and en- The difficulty-one evidently easy to be surmounted land and water ; the extent and continuity of forests, dured tortures often nearly insupportable, before he -was stated. “Look you, sir," replied the com- marshes, and sandy deserts; the direction of mountain bappened to encounter a tradesman, who, for love or mander, “if they are not brought up to-morrow at

ranges, the courses of rivers, the existence of water. money, would yield to the necessities of the case—and ten o'clock, you shall be broke.” The boats were falls, and the form and position of lakes ;—these and that tradesman was one, who, requiring something brought up.

several other circumstances will be found materially like the same uncommon measure himself, could only Perhaps there is no class of men who are more under to affect the distribution of animal life over the sur. be supposed to act through—sball we say?-_a selfish the benumbing influence of this miserable aphorism, face of the earth. A country may be insular, and sympathy.

than the professors of the law. The habit of yielding thus be deficient in some species abounding on the “It can't be done,” however, is an aphorism by no respect to precedent, and keeping up antiquated forms neighbouring shores ; or in advancing from a wild to means confined to the plodding arts, or the more in- of phraseology as essential to the validity of what they a cultivated state, it may lose various tribes approdustrious departments of society. It affects classes of are engaged to do, seems to fix itself upon them, and priate to the former condition. Thus, Ireland had much higher pretension, and who, we may venture to affect all the processes of their understandings. No

no reptiles, till, at the close of the seventeenth century, prophesy, will be much longer in abandoning it than matter how clumsy, how tedious, bow expensive, they were introduced, by way of frolic, by a student of the rapidly improving operative classes. It is a pro- bow vexatious are the forms of their profession ; they the Dublin University; and thus the wolf and wild tective speech for the indolent, the timid, the self- are deemed sacred from the touch ; they must not, boar, which formerly peopled our Caledonian forests, sufficient, and the obstructive, of all orders. Tell the they cannot be altered. It is on this account that we have for ages been extirpated. In some cases, ani. slaggard to rouse himself to some particular exertion still labour under the influence of usages which were mals are found to have been placed in situations, which will clearly tend to his advantage : he turns adapted to a rude state of society, and the continuance where alone of all others could they be properly sus. himself in his bed, and, yawning forth an “ It can't of which in the present age is a burlesque on the pre- tained : the elephant, for instance, exists only in be done,” is once more asleep almost before the sen- sumed intelligence of the nation. It is on no other climates where vegetation is very luxuriant, so as tence is concluded. Tell the fearful man—some poor account that pretty nearly an acre of writing is still readily to afford it a sufficiency of food. In some fellow who has been scowled, oppressed, and buffeted required to convey a property not much greater in out of all spirit and energy-that there is at length extent, and the price of which will barely pay the

• Edinburgh Review, liii. 330.

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