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time has now made dingy and threadbare, and in the public would have availed nothing. He was timid ; the their claws; such sad experience may at length cure bottom of one of the bed.curtains you are shown a family was of the first distinction ; above all, the deed the negligent amateur. i. We love birds," they say: place where a small piece has been cut out and sewn was done, and could not be amended. Time wore away, "No,"

," I reply, “you love yourselves, not them, if in again—a circumstance which serves to identify the however, and with it his terrors. He became unhappy you neglect to keep them clean." scene of the following story :

at being the solitary depository of this fearful mystery, In washing the feet of birds, they must first be soaked It was on a dark rainy night in the month of No. and mentioned it to some of his brethren, through in warm water, or the dirt will be so pasted on the vember, during the reign of Elizabeth, that an old whom the anecdote acquired a sort of publicity. The skin that in removing it the bird will be wounded, midwise sat musing by her cottage fireside, when on divine, however, had been long dead, and the story in and the irritation thus excited may soon occasion a sudden she was startled by a loud knocking at the some degree forgotten, when a fire broke out again on dangerous ulcers. House birds are generally subject dvor. Ou opening it, she found a horseman, who told the very same spot where the house of had for- to sore feet, and great attention is therefore necessary her that her assistance was required immediately by a merly stood, and which was now occupied by buildings to examine them often if they are not attacked ; a hair person of rank, and that she should be handsomely re- of an inferior description.-[The conclusion of the wound round them will sometimes become drawn so warded, but that there were reasons for keeping the aftale is of a superstitious nature, and therefore inad. tight that in time the part will shrivel up and drop fair a strict secret, and, therefore, she must submit to missible in detail in the present work. But we may off. Another proof of the necessity of care in cleanbe blindfolded, and to be conducted in that condition mention that it represents a young lady as having ap- ing is, that sew birds preserve their claws after hav.

to the bedchamber of the lady. With some hesitation peared in the midst of the flames, threatening to scare ing been kept some years in the house. * the midwife consented ; the horseman bound her eyes, all who should behold a third fire in the same place. It is very necessary to procure for house birds food * and placed her on a pillion behind him. After pro. The story has afforded a groundwork to the lively which is like, or at least which nearly resembles, what ceeding in silence for many miles through rough and modern novel entitled “ Elizabeth de Bruce."] they would procure for themselves in their wild state. dirty lanes, they stopped, and the midwife was led

This is rather difficult, and sometimes almost impossi. * into a house, which, from the length of her walk

ble; for where can we find in our climate the seeds on

SONGS AND MANAGEMENT OF TAME through the apartments, as well as the sounds about

which the ludian birds feed in their own country ? E her, she discovered to be the seat of wealth and power.


Our only resource then is to endeavour with judgment When the bandage was removed from her eyes, she [From Bechstein's "Cage Birds," a recently published work.] to accustom these birds to that food which necessity

found herself in a bedchamber, in which were the What is most prized and admired in house birds is obliges us to give them. There are some birds, such - lady on whose account she had been sent for, and a undoubtedly their song. This may be natural or arti. as chaffinches, bullfinches, thrushes, and the Bohemian * man of a haughty and ferocious aspect. The lady ficial, the former being as varied as the species of the chatterers, which are so manageable in this respect,

was delivered of a fine boy. Immediately the man birds, for I know of no two indigenous species quite that as soon as they are brought into the house they * commanded the midwife to give bim the child, and, similar in their song; I ought perhaps to except the cat without hesitation any thing that is given to them; *: catching it from her, he hurried across the room, and three species of shrike I have given, which, from their but others which are more delicate will absolutely

threw it on the back of the fire, that was blazing in surprising memory, can imitate the songs of other eat nothing, either through disgust of their new food, the chimney. The child, however, was strong, and birds so as to be mistaken for them : but å naturalist or despair at the loss of their liberty ; with these great

by its struggles rolled itself off upon the hearth, when would soon perceive a slight mixture of the song precaution is necessary. Dr Meyer of Offenbach writes si the ruffian again seized it with fury, aud, in spite of natural to the imitator, and thus easily distinguish to me on this subject as follows:-" The following is El the intercession of the inidwife, and the more piteous between the shrike that copied, and the tit-lark or the best method of accustoming newly taken birds to mentreaties of the mother, thrust it under the grate, | redbreast copied from. It is so much the more im- their change of food, a thing which is often very dif. 2 and raking the live coals upon it, soon put an end to

ficult to accomplish with some species. After having E: its life. The midwife, after spending some time in portant to be well versed in the different birds' songs,

as to this knowledge alone we are indebted for several put the bird in the cage, it must be left quiet for some * affording all the relief in her power to the wretched curious observations on these pretty creatures: hours, without disturbing it at all; it must then be in mother, was told that she must be gone. Her former An artificial song is one borrowed from a bird that taken and plunged into fresh water, and immediately 2 conductor appeared, who again bound her eyes, and the young ones have heard singing in the room, a replaced in the cage. At first it will appear faint and ai conveyed her behind him to her own home; he then person's whistling, a Hageolet

, or a bird-organ. Nearly exhausted, but it will soon recover, arrange its fea** paid her handsomely, and departed. The midwife all birds, when young, will learn some strains of airs thers, become quite lively, and will be sure to eat

was strongly agitated by the horrors of the preceding whistled or played to them regularly every day; but whatever is given to it. It is a well-known fact that

night, and she immediately made a deposition of the it is only those whose memory is capable of retaining bathing gives an appetite to birds, for the same reade fact before a magistrate. Two circumstances afforded these that will abandon their natural song, and adopt son that it does to men.

hopes of detecting the house in which the crime had Auently, and repeat without hesitation, the air that If, as an exception, one of these delicate birds, been committed ; one was, that the midwife, as she has been taught them. Thus, a young goldfinch learns, among which are most of the songsters, eats with

sat by the bedside, had, with a view to discover the it is true, some part of the melody played to a bulle eagerness as soon as it is brought into the house, it is et place, cut out a piece of the bed-curtain, and sewn it tinch, but it will never be able to render it as perfectly a sign of death, for it seems like an indifference which

in again; the other was, that as she had descended the as this bird : this difference is not caused by the greater is not natural, and which is always the consequence of staircase, she bad counted the steps. Some suspicions or less suppleness of the organ, but rather by the su

disease. Those birds which retire into a corner, mopfell upon one Darrell, at that time the proprietor of periurity of memory in the one species over that of the ping for some hours, are the most likely to live; it is Littlecote House, and the domain around it. The other.

only requisite to leave them alone, and by degrees they house was examined, and identified by the midwife,

The strength and compass of a bird's voice depend recover from their sullenness. and Darrell was tried at Salisbury for the murder. on the size and proportionate force of the larynx. In Birds which eat insects only, such as wagtails, By corrupting his judge, he escaped the sentence of the the female it is weak and small, and this accounts for wheatears, stonechats, and bluebreasts, are the most law, but broke his neck by a fall from his horse in her want of song. None of our woodland songsters difficult to preserve; but most of them, having nohunting in a few months

after. The place where this produces more striking, vigorous, and prolonged sounds thing particular in their song, offer no compensation happened is still known by the name of Darrell's Stile than the nightingale, and none is known with so for the trouble and care which they require ; but the -a spot to be dreaded by the peasant whom the shades ample and strong a larynx: but as we are able to im- following is the best method for success. After hava of evening have overtaken on his way.

prove the organisation of the body by exercise and ing collected the flies, wbich in spring may often be This anecdote is given by Sir Walter Scott, in the babit, so may we strengthen and extend the larynx of seen in great numbers on the windows of old build." notes to his poem of Rokeby, as the contribution of a several birds of the same species, so as to amplify the ings, they must be dried, and preserved in a jar. friend acquainted with the circumstances. Sir Wal song in consequence, by more nutritive food, proper When live insects can no longer be found, these flies

ter himself then adds a similar legend which was cur. care, sounds that excite emulation, and the like; chaf. must be mixed with the paste, hereafter described, Da rent in Edinburgh during his childhood :

finches, bullfinches, canaries, and other birds reared which may be regarded as a general or universal food, About the beginning of the eighteenth century, in the house, furnish daily examples of this.

and given to the most delicate birds, such ae nightin. when the large castles of the Scottish nobles, and even The space assigned to tame birds varies according gales, provided ants' eggs or meal worms are now and the secluded hotels, like those of the French noblesse, to their nature and destination. All are less at ease tben mixed with it. which they possessed in Edinburgh, were sometimes in a cage than when at liberty in a room, where young RECEIPT FOR THE GENERAL FOOD.In proportion the scenes of strange and mysterious transactions, a pine branches, cut in winter or early in spring, should to the number of birds, white bread enough must be divine of singular sanctity was called up at midnight, be placed for their accommodation. "Several, however, baked to last for three months. When it is well baked to pray with a person at the point of death. This never sing unless confined within narrow limits, being and stale, it must be put again into the oven, and left was no unusual summons; but what followed was obliged, as it would appear, to solace themselves, for there until cold. It is then fit to be pounded in a alarming. He was put into a sedan chair, and, after the want of liberty, with their song ; consequently, mortar, and will keep several months without getting ke bad been transported to a remote part of the town, birds only prized for the beauty of their plumage or bad. Every day a teaspoonful for each bird is taken the bearers insisted upon his being blindfolded. The their pleasing actions, are best placed in a room. of this meal, on which is poured three times as much request was enforced by a cocked pistol, and submitted Rather large birds, such as thrushes, should have a cold, or lukewarm, but not boiling milk. If the meal to; but in the course of the discussion he conjectured, rooin appropriated to them, or be kept in a large be good, a firm paste will be formed, which must be from the phrases employed by the chairmen, and from aviary, as they give a very unpleasant smell to the chopped very small on a board. This paste, which is sonie part of their dress not completely concealed by place which they oceupy, unless carefully cleaned; very nourishing, may be kept a long time without betheir cloaks, that they were greatly above the menial but their young ones may be allowed the range of any coming sour or sticky; on the contrary, it is always station they had assumed. After many turns and apartment, placing in a corner a cage or branch to dry and brittle. As soon as a delicate bird is brought windings, the chair was carried up stairs into a lodg- rest and sleep on, where they may run and hop freely, in, some flies or chopped worms should be mixed with ing, where his eyes were uncovered, and he was intro- seeking a roosting-place for themselves in the evening the paste, which will attract it to eat. It will soon be duced into a bed roon, where he found a lady, newly on tbe fir branches placed for that purpose, or in a accustomed to this food, which will keep it in life and delivered of an infant. He was commanded by his cage with several divisions, into which they soon learn health. attendants to say such prayers by her bedside as were to retire. Some birds, such as the dunnock and the Experience teaches me that a mixture of crushed fitting for a person not expected to survive a mortal bluebreast, sing best in this state of liberty. It is ne. canary, hemp, and rape-seed, is the favourite fond of disorder. He ventured to remonstrate, and observe cessary to avoid placing them with shrikes or tits, as canaries; goldfinches and siskins prefer poppy-seed, that her safe delivery warranted better hopes. But these often, in the midst of plenty of food, will kill and sometimes a little crushed hemp-seed ; linnets he was sternly commanded to obey the orders first smaller birds, for the sake of eating the brain or in and bullfinches like the rape-seed alone. It is better given, and with difficulty recollected himself suffi. testines. Those that are contined that we may better to soak it for the young chaffinches, bullfinches, and ciently to acquit himself of the task imposed on him. enjoy the beauty of their song, should have a cage others ; in order to do this, as much rape seed as is He was then again burried into the chair ; but as proportioned to their natural vivacity: a fark, for ex. wanted should be put into a jar, covered with water, they conducted him down stairs, he heard the report ample, requires a larger cage than a chafinch. The and placed in a moderate heat, in winter vear the fire, of a pistol. He was safely conducted home; a purse babits of the birds must also be considered, whether in summer in the sun. If this is done in the morning, of guld was forced upon him; but he was warned, at they rest on the ground or perch on sticks. The afoer feeding the birds, the soaked seed will do for the the same time, that the least allusion to this dark nightingale, for example, must have perches, while next morning. All of them ought to have greeu food transaction would cost him his life. He bewok him the skylark never makes use of these.

besides, as chick weed, cabbage leaves, lettuce, endive, self to rest, and, after long and broken musing, feil In every case cleanliness is absolutely necessary, in and water-cresses. Sand should be put in the bottom into a deep sleep. From this he was awakened by his order to keep birds a long time, as well as healthy and of the cages, for it seems necessary for digestion. servant, with the dismal news that a fire of uncom. active. In general it is better not to disturb the birds Amongst those which feed on seeds and insects, the mon fury had broken out in the house of

very often; but if not every day, yet every week at quails like cheese and the crumbs of bread; the lark, the bead of the Canongate, and that it was totally furthest, it is necessary w clean even the perches of barley-ineal, with cabbage, chopped cress, poppy-seed consumed; with the shocking addition, that the daughi-those that roost, and strew sand where they keep at mixed with bread crumbs, and in winter, oats; the ter of the proprietor, a young lady eminent for beauty the bottom. Negligence in this entails many incon. chafinches, rape-seed, and sometimes in summer a and accomplishments, had perished in the flames. The veniences-unpleasant smells from sick birds, gouty little crushed hemp-seed-too much hemp seed is hurt. clergyman had his suspicions, but to have made them feet to some birds, loss of the use of their

limbs or alil ful to birds, and should only be given as a delicacy

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now and then; for when they eat too much of it, they | to trial, and Grotius supported him by his pen and He visited Holland, on his way to Sweden, and at last become asthmatic, blind, and generally die of con. bis influence. But his efforts were useless. In 1619, met with distinguished honour from his ungrateful sumption; the yellow.hammers like the same food as Barneveldt, on the charge of rebellion, was brought country. After delivering his papers to Christila, the larks, without the vegetables; the tits like hemp to the scaffold and beheaded, and his friend Grotius he prepared to return to Lubeck. He was driven back seed, pine-seed, bacon, meat, suet, bread, walnuts, was sentenced to imprisonment for life in the fortress | by a storm ; and being impatient, set out in an open almonds, and filberts,

of Louvestein, in South Holland. After this very rigoro waghon, exposed to wind and rain. This imprudence Every morning fresh water must be given to the ous and unfair proceeding, his estates were confiscated. occasioned his death. He was compelled to stop at birds, both for drinking and bathing. . When a great Previously to his trial, he had a dangerous sickness, Rostock, where he died sudd August 28, 1645, many are left at liberty, one dish will do for them all, during which his anxious wife could not by any means in the sixty-third year of his age. His beloved wife, about eight inches long and two in depth and width, obtain access to him; but after he was selitenced, she and four out of six of his children, survived him. divided into several partitions, by which means they presented a petition, earnestly entreating to be his fel. Grocins was the author of a number of works in are prevented from plunging entirely into the water, low prisoner, and her prayer was granted. In one different departments of learning, and his writings and in consequence making the place always dirty and of his Latin poems he speaks of her with deep feel. are believed to bave had a decisive influence in the damp. A vessel of the same size and shape will do ing, and compares her presence to a sunbeam amid diffusion of an enlightened and liberal manner of for holding the universal paste, but then it must have the gloom of his prison. The States offered to do thinking in affairs of science. Much of his learning no partitions. Quails and larks require sand, which something for his support ; but with becoming pride being merely philological, or referring to a knowledge does for them instead of water for bathing.

she answered that she could maintain him out of her of the Greek and Latin tongues, is now justly beld It has been observed that birds always moult at the own fortune. She indulged in no useless regrets, but to have been of little value, and his productions in the time when their food is most abundant; the forest employed all her energies to make him happy. Li. belles lettres are there!ore in a great measure forgot. birds may then be seen approaching fields and culti- terature added its powerful charm to these domestic ten. His fame in modern times rests principally on vated places, where, having plenty of insects and seeds, consolations; and he who has a good wife, and is sur. his great work on natural and national law, written they cannot suffer from want; indeed, the loss of their rounded by good books, may defy the world. Ac. in Latin, and entitled De Jure Belli et Pacis-the feathers prevents their taking long flights, and the cordingly, we find Grotius pursuing his studies with Law of War and Peace, by which the science of juris. reproduction of them occasions a loss of flesh which cheerful contentment, in the fortress where he was prudence has been ably promoted. must be repaired ; an abundance of food is therefore condemned to remain during life. But his faithful necessary : and, following this rule, during moulting wife was resolved to procure his freedom. Those

IMPROVEMENTS IN THE ART OF some additional food must be given to house birds, ap. who trusted her with him must have had small know. propriate to the different species-millet or canary ledge of the ingenuity and activity of woman's affec

TURNING. seed, a little hemp-seed, white bread soaked in water, tion. Her mind never for a moment lost sight of this There is one class of persons who might be of int. lettuce, or endive, to those which feed on seeds; and favourite project, and every circumstance that might nite service to the community in promoting science a few more meal worms and ants' eggs to those that favour it was watched with intense interest.

and art, and every other means of social improveeat insects : all should have bread soaked in boiled Grotius had been permitted to borrow books of his milk, warmth, and baths. Nothing has succeeded friends in a neighbouring town; and when they had ment; namely, the gentlemen who have nothing to do. better than this regimen : all the birds which I have been perused, they were sent back in a chest, which In this wealthy country, how many individuals must seen treated in this manner have passed their moult- conveyed his clothes to the washerwoman. At first there be, possessing competencies, without the neces. ing season in good health.

his guards had been very particular to search the sity of even conversing twice a-year with a factor or The length of a bird's life very much depends on chest ; but never finding any thing to excite suspi. the care which is taken of it. There are some parrots cion, they grew careless. Upon this negligence, Nirs steward, and whose time, therefore, is entirely at their which have lived more than a century; and nightin. Grotius founded hopes of having her husband con. own disposal! Altogether over and above the gentle gales, chaffinches, and goldfinches, have been known veyed away in the chest. Holes were bored in it to men of the half-pay, the number is immense ; an abto live more than twenty-four years in a cage.

The admit the air, and she persuaded him to try how long solute army of martyrs--to time. How much is it to age of house birds is so much the more interesting, as

he could remain in such a cramped and confined si be desired, both for their own sake and for the sake it is only by observing it that we can know with any tuation. The commandant of the fortress was absent of their fellow.creatures, that they could be induced degree of certainty the length of birds' lives in gene. she that she ral. Thus house birds are of importance to the na. wished to send away a large load of books, because

to devote their energies, and partly their fortunes, turalist, as giving him information which he could the prisoner was destroying his health by too much each to the cultivation of some department of know. not otherwise acquire. It is worthy of remark, that study.

ledge !—especially those which, from the uncertainty the quick growth of birds does not prevent their living At the appointed time Grotius entered the chest,

or impossibility of pecuniary returns, cannot well be much longer than quadrupeds. The length of life and was with difficulty carried down a ladder by two with these is estimated to be six or seven times longer soldiers. Finding it very heavy, one of them said, cultivated by professional persons. To go no further than the time which they take to grow; while birds jestingly, "there must be an Arminian in it.” She than geology-how much good might be done by a few Jive fifteen, twenty, and even thirty times longer. answered very coolly that there were indeed some Ar- of the idle affluent in ascertaining facts in that science!

The length of life is sometimes attributed to the minian books in it. The soldier thought proper to and with how much pleasant recreation to themselves! substance of which the bones are composed being inform the commandant's wife of the extraordinary This is indeed a case in which it may be said that the much more loose and light, and consequently remain weight of the chest ; but she replied that it was filled ing porous longer than those of quadrupeds. Some with a load of books, which Dirs Grotius had asked aid of such individuals is indispensable, as it se

seems swans have lived three hundred years.

her permission to send away, on account of the bealth impossible for the few professional persons to whom of her husband.

the science has hitherto been chiefly indebted, to take, A maid, who was in the secret, accompanied the within the next ensuing age, such a range of inquiry BIOGRAPHIC SKETCHES.

chest to the house of one of her master's friends.
Grotius came out uninjured ; and, dressed like a ina-

as may afford proper grounds for generalisation. The Among the number of learned men whom Holland market place to a boat, whieh conveyed him tv Bra- tainly better than they were ; but yet too much of

son, with crowel in hand, he proceeded through the usual amusements of unoccupied gentlemen are cer. bas produced, one of the most eminent was Hugo Gro. bant, whence he took a carriage to Antwerp: This animalism and vegetation remain. We still see most tius, who flourished in the early part of the seven- fortunate escape was effected in Niarch 1621. His teeth century, and obtained a wide reputation for his courageous partner managed to keep up a belief that and very yawning ones in the porticues of the clubs

important countenances gathered at steeple-chases. deep and extensive scholarship, as well as for his suf- that he was entirely beyond the power of his enemies. In contrast with these, how delightful to reflect upon ferings in the cause of religious and civil liberty.

When she acknowledged what she had done, the the members of the Geographical Society, many of Grotius was a native of the town of Delft, where he commandant was in a furious passion. He detained whom are devoting their wealth and youthful energies was born in the year 1583. While yet a child, he ac.

her in close custody, and treated her very rigorously, in exploring distant and obscure parts of the world. quired fame for his extraordinary attainments. At until a petition, which she addressed to the States: How delightful to observe such men as Mr Greenough eight years of age he composed Latin elegiac verses ;

rits voted for her perpetual imprisonment; but the and Viscount Greenock (the number is fortunately not and at fourteen, he maintained public theses or dis better feelings of human nature prevailed, and the small) coming forward at the meetings of scientific sertations in mathematics, law, and philosophy. In wife was universally applauded for her ingenuity, for associations, each with the result of his painsful obser. 1598, he accompanied Barneveldt, the ambassador titude, and constant aifection.

vations and researches, as a contribution to science, from the Dutch States, to Paris, where he gained the reunited to his family. A residence in Paris is ex

Grotius found an asylum in France, where he was

and each happy to mingle on terms of equality with approbation of the reigning French monarch, the pensive ; and for some time he struggled with pecu- men of the same tastes, whatever be their position in celebrated Henri Quatre, or Henry the Fourth, by niary embarrassment. The king of France at last society. How infinitely more deserving of appproba. his genius and demeanour, and was every where ad-settled a pension upon him. He continued to write, tion is a mingling of ranks conducted under such cir. mired as a prodigy. After his return to Holland, he and his glory spread throughout Europe. Cardinal cumstances, than that which takes place in the fires

Richelieu wished to engage him wholly in the inteadopted the profession of a lawyer, and while no more rests of France; and not being able to obtain an ab.

court and the ring, and with what different results to than seventeen years of age, pleaded his first cause atject compliance with all his schemes, he made him the character of the superior individuals must it be atthe bar, in a manner that gave him prodigious reputa- feel the full bitterness of dependence. Thus situated, tended! But, indeed, the gratuitous labours of men of tion. Some time afterwards he was appointed advo. he was extremely anxious to return to his native coun- rank in aid of science and art are too obviously their cate-general.

try; and in 1627 his wife went into Holland to con.
sult with his friends on the expediency of such a step. mend them. In giving exercise to faculties which

own reward, to require any effort of ours to recomIn the year 1608, Grotius married Mary Reigers. He was unable to obtain any public permission to berg, whose father had been burgomaster of Veer. The return; but relying on a recent change in the go. would otherwise, perhaps, suffer the injury arising wife was worthy of the husband, and her value was vernment, he, by his wife's advice, boldly appeared from idleness, or be directed to inferior and unprofit duly appreciated. Through many changes of fortune

at Rotterdam. His enemies were still on the alert; able objects, they must not only tend to increase the they lived together in the utmost harmony and mutual they could not forgive the man who refused to apolo enjoyments

, but add to the duration of life. confidence. It will be immediately seen how the de- disgrace upon them. Many private persons interested

These remarks are designed to introduce to our voted affection of the wife was tried in endeavours to themselves for him ; but the magistrates offered re- readers a notice of some improvements which have sooth the misfortunes of the persecuted husband.

wards to whoever would apprehend him. Such was just been executed, by an amateur, in the art of turn. Grotius

lived in an evil time, when society was unhap. the treatment this illustrious scholar met from a coun. ing, and which were lately explained at a meeting of pily distracted by furious religious and political dís. try, which owes one of its proudest distinctions to his

the Association for Promoting the Arts in Scotland. putes. Mankind were mad with theological contro- He left Holland, and resided at Hamburgh two Turning is an art which in itself is apt to appear of versy, and Christian charity, amidst the tumult of years; at which place he was induced to enter the secondary importance; but we have only to reflect on parties, was entirely forgotten. Grotius was an Ar. service of Christina, queen of Sweden, who appointed the material aid which it gives to other arts, to be sa. minian and a republican, and his professional pursuits him her ambassador to the court of France. After a tisfied of its great and varied utility. It enters into soon involved him in a strife, which it was next to im- increase his reputation as an author, he grew tired machinery of every kind, from the trinket-like watek possible to avoid. Barneveldt, his early patron, who of a situation, which circumstances rendered difficult to the energetic steam-engine. It is brought to the possessed similar sentiments, was seized and brought and embarrassing. At his request he was recalled. aid of every art, from the implements of agriculture

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to naval architecture. Without turning, the exqui. Beautiful and interesting specimens of work may singularity, however, the society evinced a conimend. sitely accurate movements of the printing machine, be produced by the judicious combination of the rose able tardiness of belief. They requested another re. by which the present sheet travels perhaps twenty engine with eccentric and drill turning. The opera port upon the subject, and from another set of witféet along cylinders between the receiving of the first tions of the last, singly, are the most expeditious, and nesses, whom they themselves named for the purpose, and second impressions, without the one being the they require only the lowest exercise of personal and for whose guidance they drew up a line of catetwentieth of an inch removed from an exact opposi. strength. The machine and its complicated appara- gorical examination. This second report soon reached tion to the other, would be entirely lost to us. It is tus, whereon the work submitted to the society had the society, and minutely coincided with the first; also the prime element for the production of innu. been executed, was made expressly for the owner by and to set the question completely at rest, the young merable ornamental objects, which daily surround us an excellent artist, Mr Andrew Paterson, also our woman was shortly afterwards brought to London, in our homes, and add insensibly, but not the less fellow.citizen, at the cost of about two hundred and satisfied the Royal Society in her own person.” surely, to our current happiness.

guineas. It is said to be distinguished by many im. Dr Good throws out the conjecture, that in these The amateur artist whose work we are about to provements.

cases articulation is effected by the glottis, or upper describe, is Alr Graham Dalyell, of Edinburgh, dis

opening of the windpipe, which he supposes to acquire cinguished by his numerous antiquarian publications,

this unusual power in consequence of long practice and his patient inquiries into the habits of the zoo.

SPEECH WITHOUT A TONGUE. calling forth the full extent of its latent powers. phytical tribes, of which we lately presented some no

NOTWITHSTANDING the startling appearance of the tices to our readers. This gentleman has for many announcement that the want of a tongue is not in every years prosecuted turning as an amusement, and, by case attended by dumbness, its truth is placed beyond

A TOUGH YARN. the exercise of much natural ingenuity, and an ex.

" I'll tell the tale as 'twas told to me." all rational controversy, by many examples, attested pould have afforded, he has produced some kinds of by indisputable authority, of persons, who, though de skimming along before a freshening breeze which had

The Rockingham outward-bound East Indiaman was work, not only of surprising beauty, but of such pe- prived of the whole tongue, and sometimes of the uvula just begun to rufle the broad bosom of the Atlantic, culiarities of shape and ornament, as would seem to also, have still retained the power of speaking, and every stitch of canvass was set, and joy sat smiling defy the art by which they have been fashioned. The even of pronouncing words, in a clear and accurate

on the countenances of all at the prospect of soon two principal specimens exhibited by Mr Dalyell were a hollow brazen and an ivory vase, of a circular form, manner. This, indeed, is but one of the multitude of escaping

from the regions of calms and variable winds, and several inches in height, each provided with a

facts which ought to induce us to beware of rejecting, when suddenly a seaman engaged about the rigging cover. The brazen vase was formed from a coarse cast without examination, even what at first sight appears lost his hold and fell overboard. “Put the helm giving the general outline, and the ivory one from a 80- contrary to the universal experience and common down !" shouted the officer of the watch ; "a man lid piece of tusk. Instead of the parallel lines around

sense of mankind. To impress upon our readers, overboard ! Aft here, cutters; clear away the boat !" the object which are usually produced by turning, these vases present a multitude of curves, angles, facets, and therefore, this valuable lesson, and also because the in one moment all was bustle and excitement; small other figures, which, in the brass specimen, reflect the subject is in itself exceedingly curious, we extract the sails flapping in the wind, studdingsail-booms crack. light in a beautiful manner ; while the ivory one not following particulars from a work of high authority, ing, tacks and halyards let go by the run.

The ship only displays similar various carving, but is relieved

The Study of Medicine, by John Mason Good, M.D. flew rapidly up in the wind, the mainbraces were let by a great deal of open work, which at a little dis.

“There are some persons who profess to disbelieve go, and the main yard swung aback. The cutters were tance gives the whole the airy appearance of a piece all the stories of this kind that have descended to us, lowering the boat, when suddenly came the orders, of lace. Along with the specimens, Mr Dalyell exbi.

“ Keep all fast, 'tis too late! Port, quarter-master ; bited some of his tools, and explained that the work is for the mere reason that they have never witnessed

keep the ship on her course! After-guard, brace up the produced by combinations of the rose engine, eccentric any thing of the same kind in their own age or coun. chuck, and drilling apparatus, the tools being brought try. But such persons would have also joined the mainyard !”-and these promptly and actively obeyed, to bear upon some of the objects in much the same man. king of Siam in disbelieving the Dutch ambassador's

soon the vessel moved on in the even tenour of her ner as those of the seal-engraver. He also showed that, assertion, that the rivers in his own country became

All was silence and gloom, for poor Pat instead of the ordinary application of turning to small

Roonan was a universal favourite. so hard and solid during the winter, that men and and trifling articles, it was adapted for work of con.

Meanwhile, however, the cause of all this commo. women could walk and skate upon them. The acsiderable magnitude, though, before attempting any

tion was quietly perched upon the rudder, patiently thing of the kind, the artist would require to undergo counts are too numerous, and in many instances too waiting for some friendly hand to render 'him assis. a long probation in plain turning, so as to become ac

well supported, to be treated with scepticism; and all The officer of the deck had seen him go down quainted with the nature of the materials, the mode that is left to our judgment and ingenuity is not to

under the ship's quarter, and looked in vain for his of working them into shape, and of bringing wood, deny the evidence, but to account for the fact. re-appearance, he having risen under the counter, ivory, and metal, to the highest finish.

Hundreds of cases might be quoted upon this sub. and, being a good swimmer, instantly and instincThe operations of the rose engine (so called from ject; but the following may be sufficient, although tively striking out for the rudder.chains. Pat loudly its producing leaf-work, like the convolutions of the others are referred to in the author's nusological sys. shouted for help, but amid the noise and confusion rose) are so tedious, that, except in the lower de- tem, which may be examined at the reader's leisure.

which prevailed, his cries were unheard. Being a bold

and active fellow, and not gifted with much patience, on watch-cases, it has been almost totally disused. It Those now selected are taken from recent times, and he made a spring for one of the gunroom ports, which is calculated, however, for the finest departments of the from authorities that may indeed be disbelieved, but

in tropical latitudes are often kept open to give air to art, as it not only can produce the work from which it cannot be disputed.

the various stores the room contains, and once more derives its name, in every varied form, but is adapted In the third volume of the Ephemerides Germanicæ, succeeded in getting on board. also for elliptical figures. A series of wheels called ro- we have the history of a boy, who, at eight years of Tired with his exertions, he seated himself for a settes, about six inches in diameter, are arranged on age, lost the whole organ of the tongue, in consequence moment, and, looking around, what a tempting spec. the spindle of the lathe, the circumference of each of a sphacelus proceeding from the smallpox, and who tacle presented itself! On one side was a tin box of cut into different curves ; the puppets being suspended was able to talk after its separation. The boy was ex. the best biscuits, on the other an open case of bottled on central pivots below, yield on pressure against the bibited publicly, but a trick was generally suspected ; ale. Pat looked long and wistfully at them borb,

rosette, and are returned to their position by springs. in consequence of which, the boy and his friends were weighing the enjoyment against the probable conse• Meantime the tool of the artist is applied to the work on summoned to appear in court before the members of quences ; at last, " here goes," said he, dipping his

the chuck, wb ich it fashions after the curves of the ro. the celebrated university of Saumur. In the presence hand into one, and taking a bottle from the other, settes, and by the continued oscillation it is perfected. of this learned body he underwent a strict examina. and in two minutes a quart of the best Hodgson had

In this and in eccentric turning the work revolves, tion as to the loss he had sustained, and the lingual changed masters. He soon began to feel its powerful while the tool remains stationary, being fixed in what powers he still possessed. The report was found cor effects, but before yielding to them, contrived to stagis called the slide-rest, a most important instrument rect, and the university, in consequence, gave their ger to a dark corner, and to lie down between two to all artists, whether for plain or ornamental opera. official attestation to the fact, in order, as it expressly packages. Here he slept soundly, and unobserved by tions. Its powers, its expedition, and its certainty, asserts in its record, that its reality might not be called the gunner when he went his evening rounds, till the are so great, that no manufactory should dispense in question in succeeding times.

shrill sound of the boatswain's pipe awakened him with it. Cylinders and cones, whether solid or hol. In the Memoires de l'Academie des Sciences for the to a sense of his situation, and the discipline to which low, are peculiarly within its sphere; and if properly year 1718, is an account of a girl who was born with. he had subjected himself; but the common board.

made and adjusted, it can be set to any angle. In out a tongue, but had nevertheless learned to speak, ship saying, “Swallow a tooth of the dog that bit i general, it may be observed, that the tool is grasped and talked as easily and distinctly as if she had en. you," recurred to his recollection; and having in

as in a vice by the upper part of the slide-rest, while joyed the full benefit of that organ. The case is given vain endeavoured to stifle his conscience in any other the stalk elevating it to the centre of the work rests by a physician of character, who had accurately and way, he at length fairly drowned it in another bottle on a bed which is advanced horizontally towards that repeatedly examined the girl's organs of speech, and of the intoxicating beverage. The consequence was

centre by one screw, and longitudinally by another. was desirous that others should examine them also. another long sleep, from which he awoke with all $ Thus they operate at right or other angles: besides About seventy years ago, our own country furnished the horrors of the “cat" hanging over him. But het in which, there is a circular movement obtained by adapt. us with another equally striking example of the same it was time to think how to escape from the di.

ing an endless screw to a circular arc, which rests on power, and which forms the subject of various papers | lemma; and when an Irishman once fairly sets his the bed of the slide-rest.

in the Philosophical Transactions, drawn up chietly wits to work, what can he not accomplish? It was In drill turning, which is entirely a new and mo. by Dr Parsons at the time, and printed in the volumes broad day. The sun had nearly attained his meridian, dern art, the work remains stationary, while the that were published between the years 1742 and 1747. and the smooth and unruffled sea reflected his beams pressure of the tool in rapid revolution operates by It is the history of a young woman of the name of with almost intolerable splendour, while the ship, complete penetration of the substance, or by excision Margaret Cutting, of Wickham Market, near Ipswich, lying perfectly unmanageable, heaved and rolled from the surface. Here a spindle is affixed to the in Suffolk, who, when only four years old, lost the heavily with the swell; it was a dead calm. Pat slide-rest instead of the cutting tool, as above, and a whole of her tongue, together with the uvula, from louked out of the port, and a bright idea striking him, drill, which may be of very various formation, is in what is said to have been a cancerous affection, but he proceeded to act upon it. The fear of the ® cat" serted into the one end of the spindle, while there is still retained the powers of speech, taste, and deglu- overcame his dread of the sbarks, and letting himself & pulley at the other. A frame with a drum or roller, tition, without any imperfection whatever; articulat- quietly overboard, he dropped as far astern as he could seven inches in diameter, and two or three feet long, ing, indeed, as fluently and with as much correctness without being observed by those on deck. It was seven resting on pivots, is elevated above the bed of the as other persons, and articulating, too, those peculiar bells in the forenoon watch ; as usual, the officers were lathe; a long band passes from the wheel of the lathe syllables which ordiuarily require the express aid of busy "taking the sun,” and laughing and joking with around a palley at one end of the drum, to give it the tip of the tongue for exact enunciation. She also each other, when suddenly the cry "ship ahoy! ship

motion, and a short band descends from the drum to sang to admiration, and still articulated her words aboy!” arising from the sea, filled every one with Serving the pulley on the drilling spindle, to communicate while singing, and could form no conception of the astonishment and surprise. All rushed to the tafferel,

that motion to the drill. Meantime the lathe spindle, use of a tongue in other people. Neither were her where to their dismay they perceived poor Pat Roonan, which has a dividing plate, is locked to keep the work teeth in any respect able to supply the place of the slowly, and apparently with much fatigue, forcing his Stationary, as the drill makes its first cut; another deficient organs ; for these also were but few, and way through the waters. The first surprise over, all division is then taken either there, which is best, or rose scarcely bigher than the surface of the gums, in hastened to give assistance; and with no little diffi. from a dividing plate with a click on the chuck, for consequence of the injury to the sockets from the cultyp this dead alive” was hoisted on the deck. the second cut. But in workmanship such as that disease that had destroyed the tongue. The case, “ Where do you come from, sir ?" cried the captain. exhibited to the society, where divisions perhaps to a thus introduced before the Royal Society, was attested “Why, sir,” says Pat, blowing and sputtering at in. hairbreadth are essential, an endless screw must ope. by the minister of the parish, a medical practitioner tervals, and seemingly scarcely able to articulate, “ it rate on the chuck's dividing plate.

of repute, and another respectable person. From its was too bad-to leave a poor fellow-kicking-his


one arm.

heels in the middle of the-Atlantic; if it hadn't wear them ?" When the Marshal de Belleisle left him growth” laŋd, tnat is, tne spruce, pine, and all other been for this blessed calm-I'd never have come up- at Prague with eighteen hundred men, the inhabitants, tirs. The destruction of the trees was effected by the with the old ship.” Here Pat sunk exhausted upon pressed by famine within and a numerous army with insects cutting the leaves, and you must know that, a carronade ; but he chuckled in his sleeve when he out, demanded that he should surrender the town. although other trees are pot killed by the loss of their saw the captain's steward bringing a glass of brandy Upon this he seized several hostages from amongst the leaves, the evergreens always are. Some few years to revive him. Pat's impudeuce, and his invariable principal citizens, and sbut them up in his own house, after this destruction of the larch, the same insects at reply to all direct and indirect questions put to him under which were a number of vaults filled with guns tacked the spruces, pines, and other firs, in such a on the subject,“ sure I never had such a swim in my powder ; determined to blow them up with himself, manner, that before half a dozen years were over, they born days; if it badn't been for the calm, I'd never should the inhabitants insist on surrendering the city began to fall, and, tambling in all directions, they ci. bave got on board again,” carried him well through ; He obtained all his demands, marched out oi the town vered the whole country with matted masses. You and the boldness of his unwavering asseverations with the honours of war; and in testimony of their may suppose that, when partially dried or seasoned, staggered bis messmates into a half belief of his story. admiration of his bravery, they presented him with they would prove capital fuel, as well as supplies for

Time wore on, and the Rockingham arrived safely two pieces of cannon. A general officer, who had been the devouring fames which accidentally, or perbaps top at her anchorage in Bombay harbour. Like all other too long accustomed to a court life to understand much intention, afterwards raged over the country, and con. nine-day wonders, Pat’s adventure had ceased to be about war, complained with as much haughtiness as tinued burning at intervals for years, in many places remembered, when Captain Graham dining on shore bitterness of the preference given to this soldier of stopping all communication by the roads, the resinous in coinpany with the commander of another vessel in fortune over him: this was repeated to Chevert, and nature of the firs being of course best fitted to insure the roads, the conversation turned upon swimming, he determined to revenge himself in his own way. and keep up the burning of the deep beds of dry leaves and the great power in the water which a black man One day that the Marquis de Belleisle had appointed of the other trees. on board the latter gentleman's ship displayed. Pat him to an expedition as dangerous as it was glorious, I dare say that what I have told you brings sad re. Roonan and bis adventure occurred to Captain Graham. he took this opportunity thus to address the malcon collections to the minds of my wife and eldest daugh" When the wine is in, the wit is out," and consider. tent: “Monsieur, it has always surprised me that a ter, who, with myself, had to fly from our home u able bets were laid by the two gentlemen upon the man of your merit has never been employed.” “It the time of the great fires. I felt so interested in bis result of a trial of the prowess of the two seamen. is not my fault,” rejoined the other; "all here goes relation of the causes of the burnings, that I asked The next morning was named for the match. Pat Roo. by favour. I have frequently solicited the command him to describe to me the particulars of his misfornan was summoned to the quarter-deck, and told what of a detachment, but have always been relused.” “I lunes at the time. was expected from him, and that it was arranged know one that will be granted you," said Chevert ; It is a dificult thing, sir, to describe, but I will the two men should swim directly out to sea, with at he then acquainted him with the nature of the enter. do my best to make your time pass pleasantly. We tending boats to pick them up when exhausted. prise; and as he proceeded to detail the dangers and were sound asleep, one night, in a cabin, about a bune Though a good swimmer, Pat well knew he was no difficulties of the expedition, the officer became first dred miles from this, when, about two hours before match for the black, and he trembled at the conse thoughtful, then uneasy, and finished by saying it day, the snorting of the horses and lowing of the cattle, quences of a discovery of his deception ; still he trusted was not his turn to march, that he was not acquaiiited which I had ranged in the woods, suddenly awakened that his native impudence would again save him. And with that part of the country, and that in short he I took yon ritle, and went to the door to see what so it did. The story of the bet had got wind-the would not go. Well, sir,” replied Chevert, “this beast had caused the hubbub, when I was struck by beach was crowded with people—the boats were man- detachment has been given to me; and it is by such the glare of light reflected on all the trees before me, Ded-the swimmers stript, and just about to make the perilous undertakings, which you have refused, that as far as I could see through the woods. My hanses plunge, when Pat exclaimed, “ Avast there, brother! I have reached the rank I now huld. I am aware of were leaping about, snorting loudly, and the cattle raa heave to for a minute, will ve ?” He went to his own the remarks you have made upon me, but now I have among them, with their tails raised straight over their ship’s boat, and took from it a large and well-filled my revenge.” With such a noble mind, it was not backs. On going to the back of the house, I plainly bag, which he slowly and deliberately began to lash to surprising that Marshal Saxe had the affection of a heard the crackling made by the burning brushwoud, his back. “ Hallo !" cried the gezing black, “ what father for him. On one occasion when the former was and saw the flames coming towards us in a lar esa you got dere?” “Grub, to be sure, you nigger !- lauding the noble qualities of the latter, to the great tended line. I ran to the house, told my wife to dress you don't suppose I'm such a greenhorn as to go out annoyance of his enemies, a person present had the herself and the child as quiekly as possible, and take to sea on a cruise without laying in a stock of pro. boldness to remark, that Chevert was nothing more the little money we had, while I managed to catch and visions ?" “ Why, how long you going to swim ?" qu'un officier de fortune. “How !" replied the mar. saddle the two best horses. All this was done in a “How can I tell, you black squall, how long we shal, pretending to have heard something new; “is very short time, for I guessed that every moment was shall be out; it won't be less than a week, any bow," this really true? I always had a warm regard for precious to us. said Pat with the greatest coolness.

him; I shall now add respect to my esteem." Chevert We then mounted, and made off from the fire. He knew his man; nothing could induce the black never concealed or felt humbled by his origin; his My wife, who is an excellent rider, stuck close to me; to swim; Pat came off with flying colours, muttering soul was too noble to be mortified because he was my daughter, who was then a small child, I took in to himself, “Oh, an' it would be a quare thing if I lowly born; he even experienced a pride in owing all

When making off, as I said, I looked back couldn't bother a nigger when I chated my own cap- to himself, and nothing to favour. Chevert was sur.

and saw that the frightful blaze was close upon us, tain."

prised one day by a visit from a stranger whom he and had already laid hold of the house. By good had never seen before, and who came to claim rela. luck there was a horn attached to my hunting clothes,

tionship with him. A SOLDIER OF FORTUNE.

Are you a gentleman ?" de. and I blew it, to bring after us, if possible, the re

manded Chevert.“ Am I a gentleman!” replied the mainder of my live stock, as well as the dogs. The Chevert, an eminent French general, and one of the other; “can you doubt it ?" *** In that case," rejoined cattle followed for awhile, but before an hour bad bravest men who ever lived, was originally a destitute the warrior, “ you cannot possibly be any relation of elapsed, they all ran as if mad through the woods, orphan, and entered the army as a common soldier at

mine, as I am the first and only gentleman of my fa- and that, sir, was the last of them. My dogs, too, al. twelve years of age. Without high birth, fortune, or mily.” This extraordinary man died in January 1769, though at all other times extremely tractable, rag after connections_by his personal merits alone-he rose to in the seventy-fourth year of his age.

the deer that in bodies sprung before us, as if fully the rank of lieutenant-general, at a period when favours

aware of the death that was so rapidly approaching. and honours were usuully bestowed upon those only

We heard blasts from the horns of our neighbour, wbo could boast of a long line of ancestors. A profound


as we proceeded, and knew that they were in the same study of tactics, an unwearied attention to his duty,

(By Audubon.]

predicament. Intent on striving to the utmost to prewith an ardent desire to distinguish himself, were the With what pleasure have I seated myself by the serve our lives, I thought of a large lake, some miles means which he employed to elevate himself above the blazing fire of some lonely cabin, when, faint with fan off, which might possibly check the flames; and urgiag crowd, and fix upon him the regards of his country: tigue, and chilled with the piercing blast, I had forced my wife to whip up her horse, we set off at full speed, Though extremely modest, he knew his talents and my way to it through the drifted snows that covered making the best way we could over the fallen trees his rights, which he showed on the following occasion, the face of the country as with a mantle! The affec. and the brush heaps, which lay like so many articles when he considered himself unjustly treated. A com- tionate mother is hushing her dear babe to repose, placed on purpose to keep up the terrific fires chat ad. pany in his regiment becoming vacant, he applied for while a group of sturdy children surround their father,vanced with a broad front upon us. it, but the colonel of the regiment had solicited it fo who has just returned from the chase, and deposited By this time we could feel the heat, and we were one of his friends. Upon this Chevert went imme. on the rough flooring of his hut the varied game which afraid that our horses would drop every instant. A diately to Versailles, and laid his complaint before the he has procured. The great back log, that with some singular kind of breeze was passing over our heads minixier. On the latter saying that he had never difficulty has been rolled into the ample chimney, and the glare of the atmosphere shone over the dag: heard any thing about him, Chevert replied, “In that urged, as it were, by lighted pieces of pine, sends forth light. I was sensible of a slight faintness, and my case, bave the goodness to write to my colonel, that a blaze of light over the happy family. The dogs of wife looked pale. The heat had produced such a flush you require a brave and able officer to conduct an af. the hunter are already licking away the trickling wa. in the child's face, that when she turned towards either fair as difficult as important; and demand of him, if ters of the thawing icicles that sparkle over their of us, our grief and perplexity were greatly increased he can name any one wbo will suit your purpose." sbaggy coats, and the comfört-loving cat is busied in Ten iniles, you know, are soon gone over, on swift The minister did so, and the colonel named Chevert; passing her furry paws over each ear, or with her horses ; but, notwithstanding this, when we reached upon which he immediately received the appointment. rough tongue smoothing her glossy coat.

the borders of the lake, covered with sweat and quite The confidence with which he inspired the soldiers, How delightful to me bas it been, when kindly re-exhausted, our hearts failed us, The heat of the was only equalled by the bravery by which he distin- ceived and hospitably treated under such a roof, by smoke was insufferable, and sheets of blazing tire tlev guished himself. On one occasion, when he was de persons whose means were as scanty as their genero- over us in a manner beyond belief. We reached the termined to surprise a fort, he sent for a soldier, and sity was great, I have entered into conversation with shores, however, coasted the lake for a while, and got thus addressed him. “Go straight to that fort with them respecting subjects of interest to me, and re- round to the leeside. There we gave up our horses, out stopping ; when they ask who goes there, make ceived gratifying information. I recollect that once which we never saw again. Down among the rushes no reply ; when the challenge is repeated a second wbile in the state of Maine, I passed such a night as we plunged by the edge of the water, and laid ourselves time, still advance in silence ; at the third demand I have described. Next morning the face of nature Hat, to wait the chance of escaping from being burnt they will tire upon you ; if the shut fails, throw your was obscured by the heavy rains that fell in torrenis, or devoured. The water refreshed us, and we enjoyed self upon the guard-secure him-I shall be there to and my generous host begged me to remain in such the coolness. assist you.” The soldier departed, fultilled his or pressing terms, that I was well content to accept bis On went the fire, rushing and crashing through the ders, and every thing happened as Chevert had fore. Offer. Breakfast over, the business of the day com. woods. Such a sight may we never see! The Seavens seen, such was the enthusiasır

. with which he inspired menced: the spinning wheels went round, and the themselves, I thought, were frightened, for all above those under his command. At one time when he was boys employed themselves, one in searching for know. us was a red glare, mixed with clouds of smoke, roll. ordered to dislodge the enemy from their position on ledge, another in attempting to solve some ticklish ing and sweeping away. Our bodies were cool enongh, the top of a hill, which was covered with wood, when arithmetical problem. In a corner lay the dogs dream- but our heads were scorching, and the child, who now they had penetrated a little way, be seized the Mar. ing of plunder, while close to the ashes stood grim. seemed to understand the matter, cried so as nearly to quis de Brebant by the hand, and exclaimed with ar- alkin seriously purring in concert with the wheels. break our hearts. dour, whilst his eyes sparkled with the love of glory, The hunter and I having seated ourselves each on a The day passed on, and we became hungry. Many “Swear to me, on the honour of a soldier, that you stool, while the matron looked after her domestic ar- wild beasts came plunging into the water beside us, and your regiment will die to a man before you re. rangements, I requested bim to give me an account and others swam across to our side, and stood still treat.". Then turning to the soldiers, he said, “ We of the erents resulting from those fires which he had Although faint and weary, I managed to shoot a por. must advance, but never return." And with one voice witnessed. Willingly he at once went on nearly as eupine, and we all tasted its flesh. The night passed of assent the soldiers obeyed. He was always superior follows :

I cannot tell you how. Smouldering fires covered the to danger. At the commencement of an attack, his “ About twenty-five years ago, the larch or hackmi. ground, and the trees stood like pillars of fire, or fell officrrs entreated him to put on his cuirass, but he re- tack trees were nearly all killed by insects. This took across each other. The stilling and sickening stopke plied, pointing w his soldiers, “ Du these brave fellows place in what hereabouts is called the “black soft I still rushed over us, and the burnt cinders and ashes

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mod fell thick about us... How we got through that night following our fly to the shallowest parts of the margin may as well bridle a horse by the middle, and attempt * I really cannot tell, for about some of it I remember -a fact which, if it does not prove the obuusity of to turn him, as manage a large fish so fastened. We y nothing.

hearing, at any rate renders it a matter of little con. have known anglers occupy a whole day in securing Towards morning, although the heat did not abate, sequence to the angler.

a moderate sized grilse. . the emoke became less, and blasts of fresh air some- It requires some art io throw a long line. The be- There is, we believe, a very singular instance on net times made their way to us. When morning came, ginner should commence with a short one, and without record among the inhabitants of the lower part of the 17 all was calm, but a dismal smoke still filled the air, Nies, lengthening it gradually as he improves, The Tummel, with respect to the capture of a huge sal. photos and the smell seemed worse thair ever.

We were

best method of casting is to bring the rod slowly over mon with the rod. The time occupied was so great, now cooled enough, and shivered as if in an agnetit; the right or left shoulder, and with a turn of the that we shall not forfeit our title to veracity by mendirigente so we removed from the water, and went up to a burn. | wrist make the line circle behind you ; then, after a tioning it, but leave the curious reader to inquire for king log, where we warmed ourselves. What was to pause, fetch it forward again in the same manner, and himself. We remember also another instance of this

become of us I did not know. My wife hugged the your flies will descend softly upon the water. All kind, which we had from good authority in the south child to her breast, and wept bitterly; but God had jerks are apt to whip off your hooks or crack your of Scotland, how a salmon hooked by the side-fin be preserved us through the worst of the danger, and the gut. A fly-fisher may use two, three, or four flies on low Elibank wood on the Tweed, took the angler Aames had gone past, so I thought it would be both his cascs, according to pleasure. When angling with down to Yair bridge, a distance of several miles, and

ungrateful to Him, and unmanly, to despair now, small hooks, we adopt the medium number. Large at length made its escape with his tackle, after several tellunger once more pressed upon us, but this was easily ones ought to be fished with in pairs, and well sepa. hours' play. Even when hooked by the mouth, the

remedied. Several deers were still standing in the rated. In throwing the cast, the lowermost, or trail salmon is no contemptible animal to deal with. We water, up to the head, and I shot one of them. Some Ny, should be made to alight foremost; its fall ought ourselves were compelled to work one for some hours of its flesh was soon roasted ; and after eating it, we to be almost imperceptible; it should come down on in St Mary's Loch, on a common trouting fly, and at felt wonderfully strengthened.

the water like a gossamer, followed by the droppers. | length secured him, before he was nearly exhausted, By this time the blaze of the fire was beyond our The moment a fly touches the surface, it is ten times by enclosing him in a small bay, and then preventing sight, although the ground was still burning in many more apt to raise a tish than during the act of drawing his escape from bebind. places, and it was dangerous to go among the burnt it along. At no time are we stanch advocates for the So much for the strength of this fish, and yet, strange

After resting awhile, and trimming ourselves, system of leading our hooks, either against or across to say, with such small means may its prodigious we prepared to commence our mareh. Taking up the a stream; our method is rather to shake them over it power be kept under by eminent anglers, that a single child, i led the way over the hot ground and rocks; for a moment, and then repeat the throw. A trout horse.hair has been known to master a full-grown and after two weary days and nights, during which we will discover your Ay at the distance of several yards, salmon. The feat of capturing one with such slender shifted in the best manner we could, we at last reached if feeding, and will dart at it like lightning. Always, tackle was, we helieve, some time ago performed by the “hard woods," which had been free of the fire. if you can, fish with the wind, and do not concern the Reverend Mr Paterson, lately clergyman at GalaSoon after we came to a house, where we were kindly yourself, as some do, from what quarter it comes. In shiels, now in Glasgow. treated for awhile. Since then, sir, I have worked spring, no doubt, a south-west breeze is preferable to In angling with the fly, whether for trout or sal. hard and constantly as a lumberer; but thanks be to all others; yet we have seen even easterly winds not mon, it will be remarked, how, at certain times, they God, here we are safe, sound, and happy."-American the worst, on many waters, especially during summer will rise in great numbers towards your book, without Ornithology, vol. ii.

months, when the natural Ay is apt to become over your being able to secure a single fish. This is owing plenty.

sometimes to their state of repletion, and sometimes Trout will sometimes take in the most unlikely to the colour of the water or the quality of the atmoFLY FISHING.

weathers, so that the angler should not despair at any sphere. On these occasions, it is truly tantalising to A short time ago we presented a few detached pa- time. Hunger causes them to feed at least once in behold the most desirable tish mocking your fly with

the twenty-four hours, and generally much oftener. repeated plunges, seemingly aware of your presence, 2. pers on the GENTLE ART, with the intention of con

If the wind blows down the river, commerce at the and defying your nicest ingenuity. There is, how. F1 tinuing them at intervals. The tediousness of that pool head, and fish every inch of good water ; you may ever, no proper help for it, although we have observed

mode of publication, however, and other circumstances, pass over the very rough and very shallow parts, also that a change in the size or colour of the book will have induced the author to throw the papers together, those which are absolutely dead, calm, and clear, un. sometimes work wonders ; also, when trouting, a forming a volume for the use of anglers, which is tackle be light, there is no harm in taking a throw attached to your Ay, is no bad remedy. The fine per.

you see fish rising in them, when, should your small, white, flesh maggot, toughened in bran, and now published in a neat portable size, embellished

or two. Dead water, however, when rippled or dis. ception which tront possess in their smell often causes with wood engravings. From this interesting little coloured, may be angled in with great success. When them to quit your artificial insect when just on the work we extract the following chapter on Fly Fish. you raise a good trout, strike slowly, or hardly at all. point of seizing it. This faculty of theirs is so power. ing :

only continue the motion of your hand without slack ful as to enable them to discern the approach of a Fly fishing is by far the most exquisite department and par may be whipped in with rapidity: 'tis folly ing is; the fish, if large, will hook itself. Small trout worm some yards off, although prevented from seizing

it by the interposition of a stone or other obstacle. of the gentle art. There is, generally speaking, a

to play or use ceremony with such trifles. Should If you throw a handful of salmon roe into a calm greater degree of skill necessary to complete the adept, the tish miss your fly altogether, give him another clear pool, which seems for the time almost evacuated, more nice calculation, and a superior style of arrange- chance, and a third if that will not do; a touch of except by a few stragglers, and watch it cautiously,

The advantages of the fly over the ground your barb, however, will sharpen his wits, so as to you will be surprised at the number of fish smelling fisher are, however, not a few : he avoids the trouble prevent him from again rising. He prefers flies with their way from all quarters to the baited spot; many

out stings. When you hook a trout, if you can, turn of these will swim up from the distance of two or 1. of collecting and preparing his bait, the filth and bis head with the stream, and take him rapidly down. three hundred yards, directed merely by the flavour os cruelty of attaching it to his hook, and those nume- Thus you will exhaust him in the shortest time, carried down to them; the smallness of which may

rous uncertainties accompanying water and weather, whereas, by hauling against the current, you allow be imagined more easily than calculated. which fall oftener to the other's lot. We shall not, bim to swim freely in his natural direction, and also In general, however, trout trust more to their sight

exert three times more strength upon your tackle than in seizing flies than to their sense of smell. They however, attempt any disparagement to the merits of is really needful. A good-sized fish, handled in this dart at them with a velocity too great to be easily the bonest bait fisher, since, to our knowledge, he is foolish 'manner, can never be taken; it is impossible checked by any sudden discovery. Like men, they often a nobly-gifted and scientific craftsman, a good to tire him out, and the strongest line will give way find the deceit when there is no remedy, and gain the and worthy man, zealous in behalf of the art, and in to his resistance. When your victim is exhausted, most valuable lesson at the precious cost of life. We no wise to be underrated. We ourselves, in our

draw him gently ashore, upon the nearest channel, or have even caught tront in very turbid water, angling

most level part of the margin. He will come in side. with the artificial fly in the manner of worm, so younger days, were bait fishers, no great hands we

ways, and generally lie motionless for a few seconds, foolishly are they sometimes taken with appearances. allow, but still tolerably successful; and if we live on during which time you will be able to run forward and Double-rod fishing has got into practice on some till our arm and eye fail, we shall be bait fishers once seize him. Beware of catching hold of your line, un rivers; it is poachers' work, and ought to be prevented more, tottering in second infancy to the river side, til be is properly banked. Alany a famous trout have by law. This method of raking the water requires content with a few humble mindows, as fortune di- anglers, who think so to save time and labour. One between a couple of rods, and hung with flies, is

A line stretched rects, or a chance salmon, which pities our age, acd is should remember how the spring of the rod is thus taken down the stream by two individuals on its opwilling, to his own cost, to sound our leading strings. removed, and how there remains no proper curb to the posite sides, so that every inch of water is gone over,

We are now come to treat of the method of Ay strength of the fish, which easily breaks a single gut, and every feeding trout raised. As by the lath, ima fishing in use with excellent anglers. Your rod and tonished angler better sport farther on. or tears itself from a sharp hook, and wishes the as. mense numbers of fish are wounded as well as taken,

getting detached from the hook after a long continued tackle being ready, the wind in your favour down the

In playing a large fish, especially if it be a salmon, struggle, and then pining away for months at the e river, draw out with your left hand a few yards of line always keep opposite the head, and never allow your bottom, unable either to feed or spawn. We hope

from your reel, dip the top of your rod in the water, line to slacken for an instant.; if you do, be not sur- soon to see an effectual check put upon this manner and with a rapid jerk you will lengthen as you wish prised if it should come back to your hand again, evi. of depopulation. that part yon intend for throwing. A thirteen foot dently without any thing. A salmon fly should be Fly-fishing in Scotland was wont to commence about wand will cast from six to seven fathoms of line. angled with, in short jerks

, among the most rapid the end of March, or early in April, although of late

parts of the stream: the fish lie mostly near the head years our spring weather has been so unusually mild With a large double-handed rod you may manage a or bottom of a pool, and seldom about the middle. as to add even part of February to the angler's calen. much greater length. Always, if you can, angle from In running them, use your legs as well as your line, dar. Nay, we have seen, during Christmas, trout rise a distance. Trout see you when you least imagine, but always keep the latter on the qui vive, letting it freely, especially near the mouths of streams. In some and skulk off without your notice. Noise they care

out somewhat charily, with the assistance of the hand, rivers, great quantities of kelts, or spawned salmon,

and taking every opportunity to wind it up again. are taken in the month of March, on their descent to little about; you may talk and stamp like a madman The fish, when booked, generally ascends or strikes the sea. We have known of forty or fifty of these without frightening them, but give them a glimpse of across the current; after a fair heat, he will often useless fish being captured with a single rod in one your person, and they won't stay to take another. spring furiously out of water, striving to disengage day, certainly a most unnecessary slaughter. April, Some ichthyologists attribute to them an acute sense

the barb from his mouth, or shiver the line with his May, and June, are undoubtedly the best months in

tail. At such times considerable skill is required to the season for angling with the fly, not that in them of hearing; this we are disposed to question, for how

prevent him from accomplishing his purpose. When you will catch the greatest number of trout, but such - bappens it that the most obstreperous rattling of stones he becomes calm, he will take matters more philoso- as you do catch are generally of a larger size than those

when wading causes no alarm, although conveyed to phically, and not seldom refuse any farther resistance taken at a later period. July and August are mostly them through the medium of water, a good conductor by attaching himself firmly to the bottom. Rouse of sounds : We remember angling one still night by him immediately, as you best can; for he meditates with food ; the fish lazy, and the angler tormented by

the snapping of your line by a sudden effort, when multitudes of gadflies and other insects. Par, howa St Mary's Loch, when our movements were heard you are off guard. Either wade in, and kick him, or, ever, and small trout, may be captured in great quan. distinctly by some shepherds from the distance of a if the pool be too deep, throw stones cautiously near tities, especially in the mornings and evenings; nor mile, and yet the fish rose eagerly at our very feet, the spot where he lies. He will soon start again in are the brandling and other worms rejected by the beautiful style, as if for the sea; when he becomes larger sort of fish ; white maggots also are esteemed

at this time. • The Art of Angling as Practised in Scotland, by Thomas Tod exhausted, drag him to the edge, gaff, and secure him.

If rainy, September and October vie Stoddart, Esq. author of " The Death Wake," and other poems.

A salmon, hooked by the back.tin, will play ten times with the spring months for the heart of the angler. W. and R. Chambers, Edinburgh; and Oir and Smith, London. more vigorously than one hooked by the mouth. You | Salmon are now ascending our Lowland rivers, and


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