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CHARLOTTE SMITH.

and in a few minutes they were both walking up the getting retired on a pension for my forty years' ser. other annoyances, to the illiberal remarks of a father. High Street.

vice, I was turned aff without a shilling. I have an in-law and mother-in-law, whose ideas were of an : 0, yonder's my aunt,' exclaimed the boy, point- acquaintance in the customhouse here, Mr. Scrabster, entirely different character from her own. ing to a young woman who was coming down the the clerk, an' I came up ance errand to Edinburgh in Smith usually took his chocolate in his daughter-in.

Old M. street: 'yonder's my mither's sister;' and away he the hope that he might do something for me; but he's sprung to meet her. She immediately recognised and no verra able, I'm thinking, an' I'm feared no verra

law's dressing-room, and his approach was the signal welcomed him; and he introduced the boatman to willing; an''so, Mr Hamilton, I just canna help it. for hurrying away every trace of elegant study, and her, as the kind friend who had rescued him from the My day, o'course o' nature, canna be verra lang, an' the dismissal of every congenial visitor. snow-storm and the ferryman. She related in a few Providence, that has aye carried me through as yet, lady at the same time exacted an almost constant at

The old words the story of the boy's parents. His father had winna surely let me stick now.' 'Ah, no, my poor been a dissipated young man of good family, whose friend,' said the advocate. Make up your mind, tendance on account of her health, and made use of follies had separated him from his friends'; and the however, to stay for a few weeks with Helen and me, the opportunities thus obtained to lecture the young difference he had rendered irreconcilable by marrying and I shall try in the meantime what my little influ. wife upon household maxims in the highest degree a low-born but industrious and virtuous young woman, ence will do for you at the customhouse.' who, despite of her birth, was deserving of a better

repugnant to her. It was like immuring an antelope husband. In a few years he had sunk into indigence man. Mrs Hamilton, a fascinating young creature of introduction of a being constituted and educated

A fortnight passed away very agreeably to the boat. in a stable. Nothing can be more clear than that the and contempt; and, in the midst of a wretchedness,

very superior mental endowments, was quite delighted which would have been still more complete had it with his character and his stories : the latter opened she was, into a scene like what has been described, not been for the efforts of his wife, he was seized by to her a new chapter in her favourite volume-the was calculated to occasion distress both to herself and a fever, of which he died. • Two of his brothers,' book of human life, and the advocate, a man of high to others. Her own low health, and the loss of her said the woman, 'who are gentlemen of the law, were lately inquiring about the boy, and will, I hope, in with the feelings of an affectionate son.

talent and a benevolent heart, seemed to regard him first child by a malignant illness, led to her being re.

At length, terest them selves in his behalf.' In this hope the however, he began to weary sadly of what he termed

moved to a country lodging, where she was more at boatman cordially acquiesced, and they then parted. Eighteen years elapsed before Sandy Wright againsmoky cottage, and the puir auld wife.' 'Just rethe life of a gentleman, and to sigh after his little her own disposal, and had leisure to pursue the sta

dies in which she delighted. Yet every advance visited Edinburgh. He had quitted it a robust, power-main with us one week longer,' said the advocate, which her mind made towards maturity only enabled ful man of forty-seven, and he returned to it a grey and I shall learn in that time the result of my ap- her to feel more acutely the irreconcileable difference headed old man of sixty-five. His humble fortunes, plication. You are not now quite so active a man as too, were sadly in the wane. His son William, a when you carried me ten miles through the snow, and

between her own character and those of her new gallant young fellow, who had risen in a few years, on

frightened the tall ferryman, and so I shall secure for friends, more especially of her husband, who speedily the score of merit alone, from the forecastle to a lieu. you a passage in one of the Leith traders.' In a few proved to be a frivolous and fickle young man, untis tenantcy, had headed, under Admiral Vernon, some days after, when the boatman was in the middle of for either business or society. To use her own em. desperate enterprise, from which he never returned :

one of his most interesting stories, and Mrs Hamilton and the boatman himself, when on the eve of retiring hugely delighted, the advocate entered the apartment, phatic words, “the more I cultivated and improved on a small pension, from his long service in the cus. tomhouse, was disinissed without a shilling, on the hand.

his eyes beaming with pleasure, and a packet in bis my understanding, the more clearly I saw the horror

• This is from London,' he said, as he handed of the abyss into which I had unconsciously plunged." charge of having connived at the escape of a smuggler. it to the lady; “it intimates to us that one Alexander But it is to be related to her honour, that, while safHe was slightly acquainted with one of the inferior Wright, a customhouse boatman, is to retire from the fering deeply under a growing sense of this great and clerks in the Edinburgh customhouse; and in the service on a pension of twenty pounds per annum.' irremediable calamity, she never suffered a complain: slender hope that this person might use his influence But why dwell longer on the story ? Sandy Wright in his behalf, and that that influence might prove parted from his kind friends, and returned to Cro.

to escape her lips, even in the presence of her most powerful enough to get him reinstated, he had now travelled from Cromarty to Edinburgh, a weary jour. 820 year of his age. “Folk hae aye to learn,' he used marty, where he died in the spring of 1769, in the confidential friends.

The time which her husband could not be prevailed ney of nearly two hundred miles. He had visited the

to say, 'au' for my own part, I was a saxty year auld clerk, who had given bim scarcely any encouragement, scholar afore I kent the meaning o' the verse-Cast

to bestow upon business being spent chiefly in costly and he was now waiting for him in a street in the thy bread on the waters, and thou shalt find it after follies, she prevailed upon her father-in-law, in 1774, southern district of the city, where he had promised many days.'

to allow of his retiring with his family to a small to meet him in less than half an hour. But more

estate called Lys Farm, in Hampshire, where she than two hours had elapsed ; and Sandy Wright, fa

hoped, by having him constantly under her eye, ta tigued and melancholy, was sauntering slowly along

BIOGRAPHIC SKETCHES.

check his extravagant career.

The old gentleman the street, musing on his altered circumstances, when a gentleman who had passed him with the quick hurried

parted with her with extreme regret, for he had found step of a person engaged in business, stopped abruptly | Tuis eminent writer was born May 4, 1749, the eldest more benefit from her occasional services in business, a few yards away, and returning at a much slower daughter of Nicholas Turner, Esq. of Stoke House in than he had ever experienced from those of his son, pace, eyed him steadfastly, as he repassed. He again Surrey. Her faculties were of so lively a nature that and was so sensible of her usefulness and dexterity as he inquired. My name, sir, is Sandy Wright," said she learned to read at a period earlier than she could to offer her a fixed allowance if she would remain. the boatman, touching his bonnet. The face of the afterwards remember, and was taught to dance wben Two years after this event, the elder Mr Smith died, stranger glowed with pleasure, and grasping him by the so mere a baby, that she received her first steps upon leaving a large fortune, confusedly distributed, by a hand, 'Oh, my good kind friend Sandy Wright!' be

a dining-room table. While still at the boarding- will of his own composition, amongst his numerous exclaimed,'' often, often have I inquired after you, but school, her conversation was remarkable for intelli. descendants, and which was speedily torn to pieces no one could tell me where you resided, or whether you were living or dead. Come along with me; my

gence, wit, and imagination ; while she excelled all amidst legal contentions. Her husband was enabled, house is in the next street. What ! not remember her companions at once in music, in drawing, and in hy a lucrative coutract with government, to keep him. me; ah, but it will be ill with me when I cease to re- dancing. She also distinguished herself at this early self afloat for some time; but his prodigality at length member you. I am Hamilton, an advocate—but you period by her performances in some private theatri.

came to its appropriate conclusion, and in 1782 his will scarcely know me as that.'

cals The boatman accompanied him to an elegant house,

got up at school, and by writing verses. It would co-legatees found it necessary to throw him into

prison. and was ushered into a splendid apartment, where appear, however, that her education was of a superthere sat a young lady engaged in reading.

The conduct of Mrs Smith was never so deserving Who official kind, and that the formation of her character of admiration as at this time. When suffering frorn all the world have I found,' said the advocate to the and habits was in some measure injured by the indul. the calamities which her husband had brought on him. lady, 'but good Sandy Wright, the kind brave man who rescued me when perishing in the snow, and who / gence in which she was reared by an aunt, to whose self, and in which he had inextricably involved her was 30 true a friend to me when I had no friend be charge she had been chiefly entrusted after the early and her children, she made herself

the companion of sides.' The lady welcomed the boatınan with one of loss of her mother. At twelve she was introduced to

his continoment, amidst scenes of vice, of misery, and her most fascinating smiles, and held oue her hand. the gaieties of fashionable life in the metropolis, and

even of terror-for, while she was in prison, two at. • How happy I am,' she said, 'that we should have met allowed to enter much too freely into them; by which tempts were made by the inmates to obtain their libe. kindness to him, and regretted that

, he should have the sad reverses and distresses which clouded her latter enterprise, she remained at a window, dressed, and with you! Often has Mr Hamilton told me of your she was less prepared than she might have been for ration by blowing up the walls of the house. Through: no opportunity of acknowledging it.' The boatman made one of his best bows, but he had no words for 80 years.

expecting every moment to witness contention and fine a lady.

When Miss Turner was fiftcen, her father having bloodshed, and perhaps to be overwhelmed by the proThe advocate inquired kindly after his concerns, resolved upon a second marriage, the aunt just men

jected explosion. She also made herself mistress of and was told of his dismissal from the customhouse. tioned took alarm for the future comfort of her niece, liating applications on his behalf

, by which her best

her husband's affairs, and submitted to many humi. *L'il vouch,' he exclaimed, it was for nothing an

which she thought could not be more effectually se feelings were occasionally outraged.' Perhaps the se. honest man should be ashamed of.' Oh, only a Blight matter, Mr Hamilton,' said the boatman; "an' cured than by hurrying her into a matrimonial en. verest of her trials was the necessity of employing her troth, I couldna weel do other than what I did, though gagement. The gentleman selected for Miss Turner superior abilities in defending a conduct she could not I should hae to do't o'er again. Captain Robinson o' the Free Trade was on the coast o' Cadboll last har’st; the city, who bad taken him into partnership. He had the satisfaction of procuring her husband's libewas a Mr Smith, son of a West India merchant in approve of. At the end of seven months, by a resig.

nation of bis property into the bands of trustees, she about the time o' the equinoral, unlading a cargo o' Hollands, whan on came the storm, an' he had to run

was brought into Miss Turner's society for the ex. ration, and accompanying him to a house in Sussex, for Cromarty to avoid shipwreck. His loading was press purpose of forming an attachment to her, and where her children had for some time remained under mostly out, except a few orra kegs that might just the event justified the expectations which had been the care of their maternal uncle. "After such scenes make his lugger seizable, if folk were a wee owre strict. formed. On the other band, it was no difficult mat.

and such apprehensions," says she, in reference to the If he could but show, however, that he had been at ter to talk the young lady into a reciprocal feeling. Too soothing to my wearied spirits was the soft pure air of

dangers she encountered in prison, “how delicionsly the Isle o' Man, an' had been forced into the Frith by mere stress o’weather, frae his even course to Flush. young to be able to judge for herself respecting either the summer's morning, breathing over the dewy grass

, ing, it would set bim clear out o' our danger. I had her own affections or the character of her suitor, she as (having slept one night upon the road) we passed a strong liking to the captain, for he had been unco

was hurried by injudicious friends into an union with over the heaths of Surrey! My native hills at length kind to my poor Willie, that's dead now; an' when

one who was destined to prove the bane of her happi. burst upon my view. I beheld once more the fields he tauld our officer that he had been at Man, an' tbe

where I passed my happiest days, and, amidst the per.

The marriage took place in February 1765, fumed turf with which one of those fields was strewn, officer asked for proof, I contrived to slide twa Manks baw bees intil his han’, an' be held them ont till him while the subject of our memoir as yet wanted three perceived with delight the beloved group from whom just in a careless way, as if he had plenty proof be months to complete her sixteenth year.

I had been so long divided, and for whose fate my af. sides. Weel, this did, an' the puir chield wan aff;

Young, gay, and inexperienced, she was placed in sections were ever anxious. The transports of this but hardly was he down the Frith, when out came the haill story. Him they couldna harm, but me they apartments connected with the mercantile establish. meeting were too much for my exhausted spirits. Af

ter all my sufferings, I began to hope that I might could; ani', after myckle ill words (an' I had to bear ment of her husband, in one of the narrowest and

taste content, or experience at least a respite from ca. thein a', fór l'm an auld failed man now), instead o'l darkest lanes in the city, and there subjected, amidst lamity.”

ness.

During the many sorrowful years which she had der increasing infirmity, she determined on removing | able by the most depraved. The errors of the guilty spent with her husband, Mrs Smith endeavoured oc- into Surrey, from a desire that her mortal remains may be expiated by the gentle and the innocent. The casionally to soothe her feelings by the composition of might be laid with those of her mother, and many of sorrow is barbed, and will not be withdrawn. From sonnets, none of which she ever showed to her friends. her father's family, in Stoke Church, near Guildford. such disasters there may be an escape by foresight, She now allowed these to be published in a thin quarto, In 1803, she removed from Frans, near Tunbridge, but none by subsequent ingenuity or any amount of and was gratitied to find that the mild tenderness to the village of Elsted, in the neighbourhood of God personal excellence. which they breathed procured them admiration in the alming. In the winter of 1804, I spent some time with literary world. Having soon after retired with her her, when she was occupied in composing her charm. husband and family to an ancient chateau in Nor. ing little work for the use of young persons, entitled

GREYFRIARS' CEMETERY, EDINBURGH. mandy, she was tempted to amuse herself by translat. Conversations,' which she occasionally wrote in the The principal burial-ground in the Scottish capital ing an old French novel into her native language, and common sitting-room of the family, with two or three is one situated in the southern quarter of the city, and this work was published in 1785 by Cadell of London. lively grandchildren playing about her, and conversing which forms the precinct of the Greyfriars' churches. It did not add to her reputation. She now returned

with great cheerfulness and pleasantry, though nearly Previously to the Reformation, the greater part of from France, where a residence of two years bad sa- confined to her sofa, in great bodily pain, and in a mor. tisfied her that living was no chen per than in her na. tifying state of dependence on the services of others, this ground was a garden connected with a kind of cive country, and for some time she resided with her but in the full possession of all her faculties ; a bless school or college, tanght by a body of Franciscan or eldest surviving son being in the meantime appointed which she frequently expressed her gratitude to the grey friars, brought originally from Zurich ; while to a writership in Bengal. An increasing incompati. Almighty.

the area around St Giles's church, in the centre of bility of temper now determined her upon a step which In the following year she removed to Tilford, near the town, was employed as a cemetery. But, in 1562, she ought to have taken many years before, a sepa- Farnham, where her long sufferings were finally closed, the magistrates and community petitioned Queen ration from her husband, which she effected unfor. on the 28th of October 1806, in her 58th year. Mr Mary, “that, because our town is populous, and the tunately without terms respecting her own fortune, Smith's death took place the preceding March.. She multitude thairof greit, your hienes will give us the but with the gratification of being accompanied by all was buried at Stoke, in compliance with her wishes, her children. She settled in a small house in the where a neat monument, executed by Bacon, is erected yairdis of the Grey freiris, being somewhat distant environs of Chichester, resolving to trust to her pen to her memory, and that of two of her sons, Charles from our toun, to make ane burial place of, to burie for the means of supporting herself and her children; and George, both of whom perished in the West Indies, and eird the personnis decessand thairin, sae that and thus was one who originally seemed destined to in the service of their country.

thairthrow the air within our said toun may be the fortune and pleasure, condemned, after twenty-three To this sketch of the life of this admirable and years of constant suffering, to endure for the remain. much injured woman, I am induced to add a des mair pure and clene;" a request which was promptly der of her life a severe and harassing toil. Mr Smith, lineation of her character, which, I think, has been complied with. In the course of time, additions were 800n after finding himself involved in fresh difficulties, as much misunderstood by her admirers, as it has made to the original yards, and a church built for the retired to the Continent, after having made some in- been misrepresented by her enemies. Those who have accommodation of the inhabitants, since called the effectual efforts to regain the society of his wife. They formed their ideas of her from her works, and even

Greyfriars' Church. The cemetery is now of several sometimes met after this period, and constantly cor. from what she says, in her moments of despondency, responded, Mrs Smith never relaxing in her endea. of herself, have naturally concluded that she was of a

acres in extent, and, besides the remains of countless vours to afford him every assistance, and bring the melancholy disposition ; but nothing could be more multitudes of ordinary people, contains the ashes of family affairs to a final arrangement; but they never erroneous. Cheerfulness and gaiety were the natural many of the most distinguished men produced in afterwards resided together. The summer of 1787 characteristics of her mind ; and though circumstances Scotland during the last three centuries. It may in. saw her established in a cottage at Wyke, pursuing of the most depressing nature at times weighed down deed be called the metropolitan cemetery of the coun. her literary occnpations with much assiduity and de- her spirit to the earth, yet such was its buoyancy that light, and supplying to her children the duties of both it quickly returned to its level.

try—the Westminster Abbey of Scotland. parents. Here she began and completed, in the short Notwithstanding her constant literary occupations,

There is much of both historical and sentimental space of eight months, her first and perhaps most pleas- she never adopted the affectations, the inflated lan- interest in a walk through this ancient place of seing novel of Emmeline, which was published in 1788, guage, and exaggerated expressions, which literary pultureand met with brilliant success. The first edition of ladies are often distinguished by, but always expressed Along the walls where speaking marbles show fifteen hundred sold so rapidly that a second was im- herself with the utmost simplicity. She composed What worthies form the hallowed mould below; mediately called for; and Mr Cadell found his profits with greater facility than others could transcribe, and Proud naines which once the reins of empire held, 80 considerable, that he had the liberality, voluntarily, never would avail herself of an amanuensis, always In arms who triumphed, or in arts excelled ; to augment the price he had agreed to give for it. asserting that it was more trouble to find them in

Chiefs graced with scars, and prodigal of blood; The continued success of her volume of sonnets was comprehension than to execute the business herself ;

Stern patriots, who for sacred freedom stood; equally gratifying, and, exclusive of profit and re. in fact, the quickness of her conception was such, that

Just men by whom impartial laws were given ; putation, procured her many valuable friends and es- she made no allowance for the slower faculties of Fashion having in some measure deserted this quar.

And saints who taught, and led, the way to heaven.. timable acquaintances, and some in the most exalted others, and her impetuosity seldom allowed her time ranks in life, and it was not the least pleasing cir. to explain herself with the precision required by less ter of the town, and the burial-ground too, (for there cumstance to a mother's heart, that her son in Bengal ardent minds. This hastiness of temper was one of is a fashion even in being buried,) the place has a owed his promotion in the civil service to her talents. the greatest shades in her character, and one of her decayed and venerable appearance, which adds to its Ethelinde, Celestina, Desmond, and The Old English greatest misfortunes.

impressiveness, while the scenery around the stu. Manor House, were other novels published in succes. She was always the friend of the unfortunate, and sion by Mrs Smith, and all of which, but particularly spared neither her time, ber talents, nor even her pendous Castle, the numerous minarets of Heriot's the last, were well received by the public. They dis- purse, in the cause of those she endeavoured to serve; Hospital, and the steeples and towers of the now sur. play great inventive powers, great knowledge of the and with a heart so warm, it may easily be believed rounding city-conspire still further to increase the human bosom, very high powers of natural descrip. she was frequently the dupe of her benevolence. The effect. Most of the monuments are old ; many even tion, and a singular combination of wit and satire, poor always found in her a kind protectress, and she of the finest, while retaining much of their original with that delicacy and pathos in which the female never left any place of residence without bearing with architectural elegance, have forgot the chief aim of pen so often excels. Desmond has the peculiarity of her their prayers and regrets. being tinged with the notions of the French revolu. No woman had greater trials as a wife; very few their erection, the commemoration of the frail beings tionists, which she had contracted from some acciden could have acquitted themselves so well! But her below, and stand like empty trophies around the place. tal friendships, and was the more disposed to entertain conduct for twenty-three years speaks for itself. She There are some in secluded and sunless situations, through that bitterness against all fortunate things was a most tender and anxious mother, and if she which present a singularly dismal aspect. Upon lofty and persons which the unhappy spirit is but too readily carried her indulgence to her children too far, it is an disposed to cherish. This circumstance lost her some error too general to be very severely reprobated. To sarcophagi, surmounted by swelling mausolea, repose of her exalted friends, and contributed additional dis. shield them as much as possible from the mortifying figures of lordly grace, and around each is drawn a tress to a mind already sufficiently afflicted. In 1793, consequences of loss of fortune, was the object of her strong wall, to protect it from the rudeness of vulgar her third son, who was serving as an ensign in the indefatigable exertions. Her reward was in their af.

contact. But the pains taken by the immediate 14th regiment of infantry, lost his leg at Dunkirk, and fection and gratitude, and in the approval of her own

mourners of these great ones have not been seconded her own health began to sink under the pressure of heart. 80 many aplictions, and the continual harassing cir.

It is impossible (concludes Mrs Dormer), in clos. by posterity. While the area is generally found filled cumstances in which the family property was involved, ing the melancholy retrospection of a life so peculiarly with rubbish and weeds, the sculpture is in most in the arrangement of which her exertions were inces and so invariably marked by adversity, not to cxpe.

cases defaced and blackened, the inscriptions gone, sant. She removed to Bath, but received no benefit rience the keenest regret, that a being with a mind and nothing left in the waste and ruin of the scene to from the use of the waters. An imperfect gout had so highly gifted, a heart so alive to every warm and ge. tell to whom or by whom it was consecrated. No. fixed itself on her hands, probably increased by the nerous feeling, with beauty to delight, and virtues to constant use of the pen, which.nevertheless she con attach all hearts, so formed herself for happiness, and thing could more emphatically show the futility of all tinued to employ, though some of her fingers were be

80 eminently qualified to dispense it to others, should such attempts by one generation to obtrude itself upon come contracted. Her second daughter had been

bave been, from her early youth, the devoted victim the notice of another. married to a gentleman of Normandy, who had emi.

of folly, vice, and injustice !" While we cannot but One of the first great men interred in the Grey. grated at the beginning of the Revolution. This echo a sentiment not more beautifully expressed than friars' yard was George Buchanan, for whom, young lady fell into a decline after her first confine. it is just, it would be improper to omit the opportu: however, there has never been any monument. This inent, and died at Clifton in the spring of 1794., . It pity of pointing to the facts of Mrs Smith's life, as would be impossible to describe an affliction which

one out of many proofs that no kind of goodness or illustrious scholar was buried here, at the expense of mothers only can either experience or comprehend. mental endowment will avail against circumstances in the city, in 1582, and in the immediately ensuing age From this time she became more than ever unsettled, securing happiness. There is no such thing on earth his skull was exhumed, and was shown for many moving from place to place in search of that tranquil. as a creature depending solely upon itself for its enlity she was not destined ever to enjoy, yet continuing joyments. We are all® more or less associated with years in the college of Edinburgh, being remarkable her literary occupation with astonishing application.

others, upon whom in great part our comfort de- for its exceeding thinness. On the west side of the “ The delays," says her sister and biographer, Mrs pends'; and there is no relation by which so much of churchyard, near the gate which leads to Heriot's Dormer, " in the settlement of the property, which it is compromised as that of man and wife. A rela. Hospital, is a plain obelisk with an urn upon the top, was equally embarrassing to all parties, at length in. tion of this kind imprudently entered upon, whether marking the grave of ALEXANDER HENDERSON, tho duced one of them to propose a compromise; and by the imprudence rest with ourselves or others, will first great clerical leader of the Covenanters, and who the assistance of a noble friend, an adjustment of the suffice, as shown by the case of Charlotte Turner, to respective claims was effected, but not without consi-embitter a whole life, otherwise calculated for happi- died in 1646, immediately after concluding a religiderable loss on all sides. Still she derived great sa

From such a calamity, after the one irretriev. ous controversy with Charles I. The inscriptions tisfaction that her family would be relieved from the able step, there is no escape ; for its pains there is upon this monument, which describe him as “a dilidifficulties she had so long contended with, although hardly any, at least no adequate, consolation. The gent defender of the freedom of the church against she was personally but little benefited by it. So many most pure and worthy may thus be rendered miser- the fraud and tyranny of prelates," mere erased at the years of mental anxiety and exertion had completely undermined a constitution, which nature seemed to

Restoration, by order of Parliament, but restored at have formed to endure unimpaired to old age; and • Of a family of twelve children, six only survived her-three convinced that her exhausted frame was sinking un. sons and three daughters.

• Tickell, on the Death of Mr Addison.

ness.

en Having thus enumerated the historical names con

the Revolution. The Greyfriars' churchyard hap. Isaac Newton-that his son erected this stone, not to to persons of condition, whose friends appear to have pens to be interestingly connected with the history of advance the name of his parent, for such aid was not spared no expense in commemorating them in an ap. the Covenant. It was in the elder of the two churches necessary, but that, in this unhappy scene, the pecu- propriate manner. Soine of these are not only sumptu.

liar region of fear and woe, there might not be want. ous, but are constructed with the greatest architectural that, on the 28th of February 1638, this celebrated ing some consolation to mortals—for consider, says elegance, and in some instances with sculptured figures document, framed for resisting the introduction of this eloquent tribute, the productions of him who rests of no mean workmanship. One of the more splendid Episcopacy, and which was the means of beginning below, and you cannot fail to believe that a mind ca. struetures on the west side of the yard, presents a pair the civil war, was, after a prayer by Mr Henderson, pable of such things must survive the frail body with of busts, now somewhat defaced, but originally dea

which it was connected. first presented to the Scottish people. It is stated by erection, and disgraced by some wretched rhymes, eminent integrity (according to his epitaph) in every

A marble slab of recent signed for GEORGE FOULIS of Ravelston, a man of tradition, that after being signed by the Earl of Su.marks the grave of the author of the Gentle Shepherd;- relation of life, who died in 1633, in the 64th year ia therland and other persons within the church, it was and a similar stone, with a neat Latin inscription, de his age ; and Janet Bannatyxe, his wife, with brought out to the churchyard and read to a vast and notes the resting-place of Blair. In the same spot is whom he had lived twenty-nine years in the grea’est rapturous crowd, who placed it upon the flat monuinterred, but without a monument, Dr ALEXANDER concord." This monument derives a relative interest

from the fact of the lady having been daughter to the nents, and there joyfully annexed their names. When MURRAY, the eminent philologist.

In the detached ground to the west, is a slab, “ Sa- celebrated George Bannatyne, to whom Scoiland bas times of a different temper arrived, and the adherents cred to the memory of that celebrated scholar and been indebted for the preservation of most of her an. of this bond were sacrificed in multitudes by a jealous worthy man, Thomas RUDDIMAN, A.M., keeper of cient poetry. The Bannatyne Club, an association of government, the greater part of one hundred noble. the Advocates' Library near tifty years ; born Oct. literary antiquaries who take their name from this men, gentlemen, ministers, and others, who suffered 1674, within three miles of the town of Banff; died individual, have deemed the tomb of so much import. for it in Edinburgh, were interred in the corner of year.” In the north-west angle of the principal at Edinburgh, 19th Jannary 1757, in his eighty-third ance, from its connection with their patron, that, in

a publication referring to bim, they have given a faith. this burial.ground allotted to common felons, where, churchyard is the mausoleum of Dr ROBERTSON, the ful drawing of it. in 1726, a monument was erected in their honour. historian of Charles V. and America ; and near the Tbere is a handsome monument to JAMES MURRAY, It is a remarkable proof of the veneration still enter- same place is a little enclosure in which lies ANDREW merchant in Edinburgh, who died in 1649, in his 79th tained in Scotland for the memory of these religious DALZELL, eminent as a professor of Greek, and wri. year: the Latin prose epitaph contains a simple and patriots, that, so lately as last year, their place of the later men of note who have been interred here, is ter of books for instruction in that language. Among dignified recital of facts, which has, by the taste of a

more recent age, been rendered into the following rest, once considered mean aud vile, was put into the one of many notes, but, alas ! andistinguished by a whimsical verses :condition of a flower-garden. monument, NATHANIEL Gow. He died in January

Stay, passenger, and shed a tear, As it is the proverbial privilege of the grave to level 1831.

For good James Murray licth here: sistinctions and reconcile enemies, there is little occa

He was of Philiphaugh descended, nected with the Greyfriars' cemetery, we may now ad

And for his merchandise commended. sion to wonder that the same burial-ground contains vert to a few of those persons of private station whose

He was a man of a good life, the body of Sir GEORGE MACKENZIE, the legal officer coinbs are in any respect remarkable. One of the

Married Bathia Mauld to's wife; whuse duty it was for a considerable time to prosecute oldest of the monuments now existing refers to John

He may thank God that e'er he gat herthose patriots to the death. This eminent and eru. MACMORAN, a bailie of the city, whose death took

She bore him three sons and a daughter. place in 1595, under extraordinary circumstances.

The first he was a man of might, dite person, however, had also his panegyrists, and The boys of the High School had rebelled against

For which the king made him a knight; the inscription upon his very beautiful mausoleum de- cheir masters, and effected what is now termed in

The second was both wise and wily, scribes him as an ornament of his age, and a man kind | England a barring out. The affair was deeroed of

For which the town made him a bailie; so serious a nature, that one of the magistrates of the

The third a factor of renown, to all “ except a rebellious crew, from whose violence,

Both in Campvere and in this town, with tongue and peu, he defended his country and city was called upon by the masters to interfere, in order to reduce the scholars to obedience. Macmoran

His daughter was both grave and wise, king, whose virulence he stayed by the sword of justice, came for this purpose, attended by a competent body

And married was to James Elies. and whose ferocity be by the force of reason blunted, of armed men, and, fearlessly approaching the door

The next monument in point of time, that may be and only did not subdue.” Popular feeling, however, of the school, called upon the boys to undo the fasten.considered worthy of notice, is one of John NIYLNE, has taken a very different turn respecting the tomb inge, and submit to the usual authority. He was told who died in 1667, in the 56ch year of his age. The of Mackenzie, from what it manifests regarding the by the ringleaders that they had no intention of obey- epitaph describes him as having been not only can

ing his command, and that it would be best for him vener of the trades of the city, and several times its lowly graves of “the martyrs." The boys till a late

to retire.
But he only replied by making a nearer

representative in Parliament, but the sixth master. period entertained the idea that the sprite of this great approach to the door, when he was fired upon from

mason to the king of the race of Myine, froin father persecntor remained restless in its superb but gloomy within, and slain by a shot through the head. It does

to sou-seven sovereigns having been served by six tenement, and used to deem themselves very heroic, not appear that any of the young people suffered pu: nis nephew, Robert Mylne, his successor in office, and

Mylnes. The monument is described as erected by if, in a still summer evening, they could venture up to their rank as having been in general too high to allow

who must be the same who rebuilt the palace of Holy. the place and ery-immediately after, running away-of an unsparing exercise of the lawy. There would

rood, and is interred in the churchyard of the Abbey. Bluidy Mackingie, come out if ye daur,

even appear to have been a kind of delicacy in the dic. It would appear that the architectural race of Mylne tion of the epitaph placed over the worthy bailie, who did not stop even here, for the late Robert Mylne,

who designed Blackfriars' Bridge, was the son of one It is curious to refleet, that a peeuliarity of political is simply stated to have been “unfortunately shot with and religions feeling should have subjected to such an a leaden bullet, to the great grief of all good people."

Thomas Nylne, an arehitect in Edinburgh, the reepithet the most learned and polished man of his time, buigh, and father of the celebrated goldsmith to King

The tomb of GEORGE HERIOT, citizen of Edin.

presentative of the old line of royal master-masons.

If the epitaph be correct in stating that Jobn and his the friend of Dryden, and the first cultivator of polite James VI., who seems to have died in 1610, addresses five ancestors had served seven sovereigns, we are English literature in Scotland.

the following emphatic words to those who gaze upon presented with the singular fact of a family having The epitaph upon Mr William Aikman of Cairnie, it: “Passenger, who art wise, hence know whence i pursued the same art, and that an art requiring no advocate, who died December 29, 1699, states that the you are, what you are, and what you are to be.” An

common mentul gifts, from the reign of James IV. of monument was erected by his sorrowful widow and other of nearly the same date informs us in Latin : Scotland to the yo: .r 1811 (the date of the death of the The latter was the celebrated William AIK.“ Here lies Join NASMITH, of the family of Posso, an

architect of Blackfriars' Bridge), a space of three hun. MAN, the painter—the friend of Ramsay and Thom. honourable family in Tweeddale; a citizen of Edin. son, and the protege of the Duke of Argyle and Sir burgh, chief surgeon to his most sacred majesty, and

One of the more magnificent monuments is to the Robert Walpole. Aikinan was the Kneiler of the to the King of France's Scotch troop of guards; who,

memory of Sir David Faleoner of Newtown, of the reign of George I., and excelled also in historical after having performed all the duties of a godly life,

family of Halkertoun, President of the Court of Ses. painting. He and his only son died at the same time, died in London, to the grief of both nations, in the

sion, who died in 1685, in his forty-sixth year. We January 1731, and were buried here in the same grave, exercise of his office with his majesty. His remains are only induced to notice him by the fact of his bar. with an epitaph by Mallet(such was his love to his country) he ordered to be

ing been the maternal grandfather of David Hume. Dear to the good and wise, dispraised by none,

brought to this dormitory; acquitting himself to his Among the more modern tombs, there are few which Here sleep in peace the father and the son;

king, his country, and friends, to the utmost of his claim peculiar observation, either by their form or the By virtue as by nature close allied, power and duty. He died in the 57th year of his age,

ideas which they express.

Lut there is one which The painter's genius, but without the pride; September 16, 1613. Why is it grievous to return to

contains a morsel of the language of genuine and yet Worth unambitious, wit afraid to shine,

the place whence you came?" On a lady of the same dignified pathos. The original purpose of the mony. Honour's clear light and friendship's warmth divine,

name, there is or was to be seen the following truly ment was to commemorate Mr WILLIAM COULTER, The son, fair-rising, knew too short a date; poetical epitaph :

who died in the office of prorost in 1810. After state But, oh! how more severe the parent's fate!

ing that it was erected by a widow and only son, it He saw him tom untiinely from his side,

Here lies a flower, that, with the too much haste
of fate cut down, did in her blossom waste;

presents the following additional sentences : -" The Felt all a father's anguish-wept, and died.

In whose untimely fall fond man may see

widowed mother is called to inscribe this stone with It may here be mentioned that the Greyfriars' church. Youth, vigour, strength, what mortal things they be.

a tribute to her only son, Ensign William Coulter, yard also contains the remains of the only eminent What graver eye, contemplating thy dust,

who lately joined in raising it. Having chosen the painter produced in Scotland before the time of Aik- o happy Nasınith, after thee, will trust

military profession, and served two campaigns in man-GEORGE JAMESON E—but without a monument. The smiles of nature-or presume to say

Portugal, daily gaining on the esteem of his equals, This eminent individual died in 1644.

This well-set morn foresigns a hopeful day!

and confidence of his superiors, he fell on the 16th At the south-west angle of the church is a spot con- Oh, may thy grave, untainted like thy years,

May 1811, aged 21, at the battle of Albuera, bearing taining, within the compass of a few feet, the ashes of Grow ever green, bedewed with sister's tears,

the colours of the 66th regiment, and beqneathing to COLIN MACLAURIN, ALLAN RAMSAY, and Hugh

Who envies not thy good, but grieves to be,

an afflicted parent the sweet consolation that he was BLAIR. To the first, so eminent for his mathemati.

By lingering life, so long disjoined from thee

worthy of his country.” cal writings, and who died in 1746, there is a Latin It seems to have been in the seventeenth century It must not be supposed that any great portion of epitaph, composed by his son, a judge of considerable that this churchyard was in the height of its reputa. the epitaphs here quoted are still to be read in the note, who rests in the same grave. It expresses that tion, the monuments of that period referring chiefly cemetery of the Greyfriars. Most of them have long here is placed Colin MacLAURIN, Professor of Ma.

since been obliterated by the weather, or by the ruin thematics in the University of Edinburgh, to which

of the fabrics on which they were inscribed, and could situation he was elected by the recommendation of Sir • An old lady, the mother of one with whom the editors arc

not have been now quoted, if they had not many year! acquainted, used to relate that she had had a hand in making the since been copied into books. The vauntings of great

burial-clothes of Allan Ramsay, being then a child at a sewing• As it was much admired by Dr Johnson, we shall give the school in the Grassmarket, the mistress of which was employed all have been alike subjected, wholly or partially, to

ness, the murmurs of affection, the aspirations of piety, original:-“Infra situs est, COLIN MACLAURIN, Mathes, olim in in that melancholy business. After the clothes were prepared, the Acad. Edin. Prof. Electus ipso Newtono suadente. Hunc lapi- mother of our informant accompanied her preceptress to the house this fate. A figure represented as springing from the dem posuit filius, non in nomini patemo consulat, nam tali auxi- of the deceased poet on the Castlehill, and was for some time in grave at the last trump, is broken short by the middle; lio nil eget, sed ut in hoc infelici campo, ubi luctus regnant et the room where the corpse lay. All she remembered was that the so that, every relative inscription having been effaced, pavor, mortalibus prorsus non absit solatium : hujus enim scripta roses were blooming in at the open window, a sufficiently striking its object can hardly now be even conjectured. Sere. evolve, mentemque tantarum rerum capacem, corpori caduco su. contrast with the mortality within. As Ramsay died in January, ral of the monuments erected centuries ago to dignified perstitem crede.' these must have been Christmas roses.

persons, are now furuished with new tablets, comme to be our turn to provide the piquet; two of my com.

Lift the speck and draw the bar !

son.

dred years.

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morative of men totally alien, who happen to have number of sections and short paragraphs, each para- Paris does not, like London and Edinburgh, absorb

been placed near them; and thus have the labour and graph marked by a number, as a means of reference. almost all the civil business of the courtry. It has, it En cost of individuals, long since forgotten, been employed The style is as concise as is compatible with clearnens. is true, a cour royale on a large scale (five chambers *** to save a fresh expenditure by individuals economical The arrangement is minute and elaborate. The whole and fifty judges), but coufined in its jurisdiction to

of tenderness and penurious of sorrow, Of all the is sold for a few shillings, in the shape of one octavo the metropolis and the seven adjacent departments. by ancient epitaphs, there is only one which any descend. or of two duodecimo volumes ; and copies of it are in There is a procureur du roi for every tribunal de pre. 4 ant has thought it worth his wbile to re-inscribe. the possession not only of all judges, pleaders, and at-mière instance, and a procureur-general for every cour

tornies, but of agents, merchants, and persons in busi. d'appel.

ness generally, who, without being enabled by it to Tue Assize Courts take cognisance exclusively of « FRENCH LAWS AND COURTS OF JUSTICE. dispense with the aid of lawyers in a suit, find in it a criminal cases ; that is, of the crimes or serious of (The following instructive account of the organisation of the laws variety of useful explanations relative to questions of fences referred to them by the cours royales. They

consist of three, four, or five judges, members of the and courts of justice in France is from the tenth volume of the frequent occurrence in their respective occupations. Encyclopædia Britannica, just published.]

The justices of the peace are very numerous, there cours royales, but never belonging to the section that In this great department France shows nothing of the being one for each canton, and consequently nearly finds the indictments. The Special Courts were con. three thousand in the kingdom. They never are, as

stituted out of the usual course for the trial of state respects, but is entitled to the particular attention of in England, clergymen, and seldom country gentle offences. The name of Tribunal, or court, is given

in France to a committee of tive merchants, or lead. other nations, and of none more than our own. Law men, but persons arquainted with law, and in cir. does not rest on tradition, nor is it necessary to study

cumstances which make the salary, small as it is (L.30 ing tradesmen, appointed by the mercantile body in it in a never-ending accumulation of decisions. It is

to L.40), an acceptable return for a portion of their every town of considerable business or population.

Their competency extends to all disputes occurring in reduced to a compact and debuits form, the result of time. They are not unfrequently provincial attor. a code formed recently, and with all the benefit of the nies, or pleaders retired from business. The justice mercantile trusiness, and falling within the provisions

of the peace, or juge de paix, is authorised to pro. of the code de commerce. application of the knowledge of an enlightened age to

nounce finally in petty questions (under fifty france, The Court of Cassation, the highest in the kingthe principles of jurisprudence. Nothing could be

or L.2); and to give, in questions of somewhat greater dom, is held at Paris, and is composed of three cham. more irregular than the administration of justice in France before the Revolution. The first stage of a

amount (up to a hundred francs, or L.4), a decision bere, each of sixteen ruembers and a president, making, process took place before judges appointed, not by subject to appeal

. He takes cognisance likewise of with the premier president, a total of fifty-two. lis the king, but by the seigneur or lord of the district. disputes about tenants’ repairs, servants' wages, and province is to decide detinitively in all appeals from

the displacing of the landmarks of property. No ac- the decrees of the cours royales ; investigating not These judges had power to impose a fire, to decree

tion can be brought before a court of justice in France the facts of the case, but the forms of law, and or a short imprisonment or other correctional punish: until

the plaintiff has summoned his adversary before dering, wherever these have been infringed or devi. ment, and to give, in a civil suit, a decision suliject

a juge de paill, with an amicable intent (cité en conci. ated trom, a new trial before another cour royale. to appeal. The seneschals and baillis ranked a degree higher, and were entitled to give a verdict in liation), and received from the juge a procès verbal, This revision takes place in criminal as well as in civil

showing that the difference could not be adjusted. cases. The royal court choxen for the new trial is cases of importance, subject, however, to an appeal to

When ihe justice is prevented from acting, his place generally, for the convenience of the parties, the one or other of the parliaments, of which there were

is taken by his first, and, if necessary, by his second nearest in situation to the other. The Cour de Cas. in all thirteen in France ; and which, very different substitute.

salion has farther powers, and of the highest kiud. from the parliaments with which we are familiar, were

Of the Primary Courts there is one for every ar. It determines all differences as to jurisdiction between composed of judges and public officers of rank. The

rondissement, making above three hundred and sixty one court and another, and exercises a control over whole of this unharmonious mass was reduced into a simple and uniform system by the National Assembly for the whole of France. Each is composed of three every court in the kingdom. It has power to call the in 1791; the seignoral judges being replaced by jussistant members, and of a procureur du roi acting on

or four members, or two or three suppléans or as- judges to account before the minister of jnstice, and tices of the penee, and every district of importance the part of the crown.

even to suspend them from their functions ; acting

In populous districts, cours thus as a high tribuual for the maintenance of the (arrondissemen!) obtaining its court, or tribunal de première instance. The higher courts were not added

de première instance comprehend six, seven, eight, or established order of judicature. till afterwards, but the judges of every description chambers. They are chiefly occupied with questions

more members, and are divided into two or three were elected by the inhabitants of the province, a right of civil law, and hold, in the extent of their jurisdic.

THE BOHEMIAN FORTUNE TELLER. which continued with tiem until the usurpation of tion, a medium between the humble limits of the juge [A correspondent of the Edinburgh Magazine save the following Bonaparte. But there remained for the National Assembly an. de paix and the wide powers of the cour royale ; their

singular story in the number for February 1818, as a transla. other and a much more laborious work. Each prodecisions being final wherever the income from a pro.

tion from a foreign work little known in this country.] vince had its peculiar code, some founded on the Ro- perty does not exceed forty shillings, or the principal in the spring of the year 1788, I departed from Micman law, others on tradition and local custom, but forty pounds, but subject, in greater matters, to an losvar, in Transylvania, with some recruits for my the whole replete with ambiguity and discrepancy. ferior courts are named, like other judges, by the the vicinity of Orsova in Hungary. In a village near

appeal to the cour royale. The members of these in regiment, the hussars of Czekler, then stationed in for the country at large, and supersede the provincial crown, and hold their places for life; the salary of the army, there dwelt a Bohemian, of singular and

each is only L. 80 a year, equal to L. 120 in England ; | imposing appearance, who ostensibly conducted the codes, was the labour of many years, and of a number of eminent lawyers. It was not completed until the their number throughout all France, including sup- trade of a victualler, but was much consulted in pri.

vate as a fortune-teller. My raw soldiers—A very su. beginning of the present century, when it was promul- pléans, is not far short of three thousand.

A section of the Tribunal de Première Instance is perstitious set-besought her to reveal their destinies ; gated under Bonaparte, and gave to the jurisprudence

and while I ridiculed their motives, I gaily presented and judicial constitution of France nearly the form appropriated to the trial of offences, under the name

of Tribunal de Police Correctionnelle ; and here the my hand to the prophetess.The twentieth day of the they at present bear. This body of law consists of five codes, entitled respectively, 1. Code Civil ; 2. Code de English reader must be careful to distinguish between month of August," said she to me, with a very signi.

ficant air, without adding another syllable. I pressed Procédure Civile; 3. Code de Commerce ; 4. Code d'In judicial and government police ; the former having no

reference to state offences, such as libel or treason, for an explanation, but she only repeated the same struction Criminelle ; 5. Code Pénal. The Code Civil, the first and by far the most com.

but comprehending a very aumerous list of another words with the same marked gerture; and when I

kind, namely, all offences which do not amount to went away, she called after me " the twentieth of Au. prehensive of these divisions, defines the rights of crimes, or subject the offender to a punishmant afflictif gust.”. It may easily be conceived that this date repersons in their various capacities of citizens, parents,

ou infamant. These offences, when slight, are called mained fixed in my memory. sous, daughters, guardians, minors, married, unmar.

contraventions de police, and are brought before a We joined the army, and partook of its dangers ried. It next treats of property in its respective modes juge de paix, or the mayor of the commune; when of and fatigues. In this war the Turks made no pri. of acquisition and possession, as ir heritances, mar. riage portions, sales, leases, loans, bonds, and mort. a graver stamp, and requiring a punishment exceed.

Their commanders put the price of a ducat ing five days’ imprisonment, or a fine of fifteen francs, on our beads, and Janizaries and Spahis were equally gages.

they are brought befure the court now mentioned, emulous to merit the reward. This measure was par. The Code de Procédure Civile prescribes the manner whose sentences, in point of imprisonment, may ex- ticularly fatal to our outposts ; scarcely a night passed of proceeding before the different courts of justice, tend to the term of five years. The trespasses brought without the Turks coming in search of ducats ; their beginning with the juge de puix ; also the mode of before a justice of the peace or mayor are such as da expeditions were conducted with so much secrecy, carrying into effect seu tences, whether for the payment maging standing corn, driving incautiously in the promptitude, and intelligence, that they seldum failed; of damages, the distraining of goods, or the imprison. highway, endangering a neighbour's property by ne.

and often at break of day, a part of our camp was ing of the party condemned. It declares likewise the glecting repairs. The offences referred to the Tri. guarded only by lifeless trunks: course to be followed in transactions distinct from bunal Correctionnel are such as assault and battery, The Prince of Cobourg imagined that, by sending those of the law courts ; as in arbitration, taking pos. swindling, privately stealing, using false weights or strong piquets of cavalry beyond the chain of senti. session of an inberitance, or a separation of property measures, &c.

nels, he might protect them. These night guards between man and wife.

We now come to the higher courts of justice, which consisted of from one to two hundred troopers ; but The Code de Commerce begins by defining the duties equal in jurisdiction our courts in Westminster Hall the Turkisha generals, irritated that their men should of certain officers or commercial agents, such as sworn and on the circuit, but with the material distinction, be disturbed in their lucrative traffic, dispatched more brokers and appraisers : it next treats of partnerships ; that in France the civil courts are always stationary numerous bodies against our detachments, by which of sales and purchases ; of bills of exchange ; of ship. The Cours Royales, in number twenty-seven, are at. means a still greater profit was reaped ; and this ser. ping, freight, and insurance; of temporary suspensions tached to the chiet provincial towns throughout the vice on our part became so fatal, that when an officer of payment, and bankruptcies.

kingdom. They are all formed on the same model, was appointed to the command, he arranged his af. The Code d'Instruction Criminelle, a very different and possessed of equal power, though differing ma- fairs previous to setting out. hut equally important division, explains the duties ofterially in extent of business and number of members. Things continued thus until the month of August.. all public officers connected with the judicial police, The number of the latter depends on the population Some skirmishing occurred, without changing the po. whether mayors, assistants of mayors (adjoints), pro of the tract of country (generally three departments), sitions of the armies; but there was no prospect of a cureurs du roi, juges d'instruction, &c. After pre. subject to the jurisdiction of the court. In a popu. general engagement. About a week before ibe twen. scribing the rules regarding evidence, it regulates the lons quarter, like Normandy, a cour royale compre. tieth, the Bohemian, from whom I had occasioually manner of appointing juries, and the questions which hends twenty, twenty-five, or even thirty judges, and purchased supplies, appeared before me. She entered fall within their competency. Its further dispositions is divided into three or four chambers, of which one my tent, and requested I would bequeath ber a legacy, relate to the mode and nature of appeals, and to the performs the duty of an English grand jury, in de. in the event of my death happening on the day which very unpopular courts authorised to try state offences, ciding on the bills of indictment (mises en accusation); she had pointed out as the completion of my destiny, termed Cours Spéciales under Bonaparte, and Cours another is for the trial of offences (police correctionnelle); She even offered to make me a present of a hamper of Prérotales under the Bourbons.

and a third, with perhaps a fourth, is for civil suits. Tokay, if her prediction failed. This wine was very Lastly, the Code Pénal describes the punishments These courts are often called Cours d'Appel, as all the rare and precious. The fortune teller seemed to me awarded for offences in all the variety of gradation, cases which come before them must have been previo bereft of understanding. In the situation I was placed from the penalties of the police correctionnelle, to t'é ously tried by an inferior court. The collective num. in, a proximate death was not improbable, but I had severest sentence of the law. All offences are classed ber of judges in these higher courts is not short of no reason to apprehend it precisely on the twentieth. under two general heads ; state offences, such as coun. nine hundred; an aggregate bardly credible to an I agreed, however, to pledge two chargers and fifty terfeiting coin, resisting police officers, sedition, rebel. English reader, and which would prove a very serious ducats against the Tokay; and the paymaster of the lion; and offences against individuals, as calumny, charge on the public purse, were not their salaries regiment, not without laughter, reduced the wager false evidence, manslaughter, murder.

very moderate, namely, from L.100 to L.300 a year, | into writing. These codes, the first attempt to reduce the laws of according to the population of the towns where the The twentieth of August arrived, and it happened a great nation to the compass of a volume, consist of a court is held.

soners.

ransom.

rades, however, had to take the command before it rich ; make me your prisoner ; you shall have a large of the building. The experiment was made: Put fell to me. The evening advanced, and the hussars

” “ That would take too much time," he replaced himself in the bed, and his comrade, after a were mounted and ready to march, when the surgeon joined ; “keep thyself quiet; all will soon be over;" great deal of care and exertion, succeeded in taking arrived to announce the sudden and dangerous illness and he had now drawn the breast-pin from my shirt. him up, and bringing him down safely. The loser. of the officer on duty; he who succeeded the invalid, Still I held him embraced ; and whether he was without any reflection on the danger he had escaped, and was immediately above me, received orders to re- proudly confident in his superior strength and the ad. observed to the winner, “Well, to te sure, I've los place him : he hastily armed himself and joined the vantage of his arms, or that a fleeting remnant of pity but, don't you remember, about the third story you detachment; but his horse, which was uncommonly had for an instant weighed on his heart, which the made a slip— I was then in hopes." gentle and docile, reared of a sudden, plunged inces avail of a single ducat soon outbalanced, he did not

Kitchen._“Kitchen" is a Scottish word, applied santly, and dismounted his master, who, in falling, seem to notice my actions. Just, however, as he took

to the more delicate and palatable of two articles a fractured bis leg. Behold my time come ; and I de.

out the breast-pin, I felt something heavy near his fare taken together, as cheese in respect of bread, m. parted ; but I must candidly confess, not in my usual waist ; it was a steel hammer, occasionally used in. in respect to potatoes, and so forth. A citizen

of Glas spirits. stead of the battle-axe in close combat. Already he

gow asked a poor Irishman, living there, what stod I commanded 80 men, who were joined by 120 from held up my head with one hand, brandishing his enor.

he gave to his children : “ Potatoes," was the reply. another regiment. Our position was nearly a mile in mous sabre with the other, coolly repeating, “keep

Ay," said the Scot; “but what to kitchen the pa advance of the left wing, and as we were protected by thyself quiet, that I may cut it off the more easily for

tatoes ?” “Och," said the Irishman, on being made a deep and extensive morass, covered with lofty reeds, thee.” Assuredly these were the last words I should

to understand the word, “they make the little one we did not consider videtles necessary. No one, however have heard, but that nature revolted at such a

kitchen the big ones !” ever, quitted his saddle, and the orders were, to re- death with so irresistible an impulse, that, in the same main till morning, sword in hand, and carabines moment, I sprung from his grasp, tore the hammer

The Irish HORSEDEALER.-An Irish horsedealer: loaded. All continued profoundly trauquil for an hour from his girdle, and dashed it, with my whole strength, sold. a mare, as sound, wind and limb, and without full in his face. The attack was unexpected ; the could not see at all out of one eye, and was alma

It afterwards appeared that the poor beast heard, and in an instant, amidst loud shouts of Alla, weapon was massive; the blow did not fail, and it was blind of the other. The purchaser discovering this

, partly by the tire, partly by the shock, of 700 or 806 reeled and fell

, and his sabre escaped from his relaxed him that he engaged the mare to be without fault. Turks. An equal number of the enemy were dis- bold; I seized it, and, I need scarcely add. plunged “To be sure," returned the other, " to be sure I did: mounted by their own impetuosity and our carabines ; it repeatedly into his body. but they were completely acquainted with the ground,

On recovering
my breath, I made to the outposts, her faull

, but her misfortin.”

but then, my dear, the poor cratur's blindness is not and we were thrown into disorder, surrounded, and directed by the glitter of their arms in the sun, but defeated. I received many wounds, and my charger all Aed from me as a spectre, and I was the same MYSTIFICATION.-The following is a genuine piece fell under me, fixing my right leg immoveably to this day seized with a high fever, and carried to the hos. of Irish logic :- An old woman was what was termed field of blood, where, all around, scenes of the most pital.

a general dealer," and among other things sold savage butchery were partially revealed by the appal. At the expiration of six weeks I recovered both of bread and whisky. A customer entering her shop, ling and momentary illumination of the fire-arms. the fever and my wounds, and returned to the camp. inquired if she had any thing to eat and drink? “To Our troops fought with the courage of despair ; while on my arrival, the Bohemian brought me the Tokay, be sure,” she replied ; "I have got a thimbleful of the Turks, superior in number, and stimulated by and I learnt from my companions, that, during my the cratur, my darling, that comes only to twopence ; opium, made a horrible slaughter'; and in a little space confinement, this extraordinary woman, by her pre- and this big little loaf you may have for the same not a single Austrian remained capable of resistance. dictions, which were in almost every instance ac- money!” “ Both twopence ?" " Both the same, as Such was the twentieth of August.

complished to the very letter, had acquired paramount I'm a Christian woman, and worth double the sum." The conquerors, having seized the horses which influence, obtained many legacies, and was universally “ Fill me the whisky, if you plase." She did so, and were still fit for service, and pillaged the dead and consulted as to the decrees of fate. This wus very he drank it; then rejoined" It comes to twopence, dying, finally began to cut off the heads, and place stranye.

my jewel : I am not hungry, take back the loaf," senthem in sacks which they had brought for the purpose. At length two deserters came over from the enemy, dering it. Yes, honey, but what pays for the The corps of Czekler had ample means to know the and recognised our fortune-teller as well known in the whisky ?".,“Why, the loaf to be sure !" " But you ferocious disposition of the enemy, and my situation camp of the Turks, to whom, they said, by means of haven't paid for the loaf!”. “Why, you wouldn't have was consequently not very enviable, especially as I nocturnal visits, she had communicated our movements

a man pay for a thing he hasn't ate ?" A friend gobeard them urging dispatch, lest succour should arrive, and intentions. This also created much astonishment, ing by was called in by the landlady to decide this and that the night's work ought to produce two hun. as she had often been of important service to us, and difficulty, who gave it against her ; and from some dred ducats—so very accurate was their information. we had wondered at the address and ability with which deticiency in her powers of calculation, she permitted In the meantime, they passed and repassed over me ; ) She had executed the most perilous commissions. But

the rogue to escape. and while legs, arms, and bullets, flew around, my the deserters persisted in their evidence ; they had

SELF-CONVICTION.-A gent.eman writing a letter horse received another wound, and his convulsive frequently been present when she communicated our in a coffee-room, was overlooked by an Irish man. He struggles enabled me to extricate my leg. I instantly positions and strength, betrayed our plans, and en. therefore closed his epistle by saying that he would arose, and resolved to throw myself into the morass, abled the enemy to succeed in their attacks. The have added more, if it were not that a tall impudect in the hope of being sheltered among the reeds. I had events which had actually happened afforded strong fellow was peeping over his shoulder, and reading observed several of our people make the attempt un presumptions against her ; and a Turkish cypher, every word he wrote, "You lie, you scoundrel," successfully, but the firing had in a great measure which served as a passport, being found in her pos cried the self-convicted Irishman. ceased, and the darkness gave me confidence. Although session, rendered her death indispensable.

A new ILLUSTRATION OF A GREAT POLITICAL the distance was trifling, the danger of being whelmed I then urged the Bohemian as to her predictions, | MAXIM.–An Irish traveller, who bad ridden all day in the waters was imminent; nevertheless, I sprung and she avowed, in general, that, by acting alternately over a hard stony road, came at last to a piece of over men and horses, and overthrew more than one as a spy for each party, she had obtained double emo. about a mile in length, which, having been macadam. Turk who attempted to cut me down. My good star, lument, with complete personal security. By this ized, was exceedingly pleasant to ride upon. On this and my agility, enabled me to attain the morass, into means she learnt the secret plans of both ; and she little tract he trotted backwards and forwards for some wbich I only ventured to the depth of my knee, crouchknew precisely what was to be attempted by either. time, to the great astonishment of all who observed ing as I advanced among the reeds, until fatigue com. Those who consulted her on their destiny confided to him, one of whom at last asked what he meant by pelled me to pause, when I heard an exclamation that her all the dangers they were to encounter. The most such strange conduct. “ Indeed,” said he, “and I

an lutidel had escaped_let us seek bim.” Other secret projects were thus revealed to her in detail. like to let well alone ; now I have got upon a good voices replied, “ that cannot be ventured on in the Her calculation was almost always a demonstration ; bit of road, why, sure, I should make the best of it;

”I know not if the attempt was made, as loss and sometimes, where she did not possess these advan- from what I have seen, I don't expect to get a better of blood, extreme weakness, and intense anxiety, pro- tages, chance befriended her.

bit of ground the whole way." duced a faintishness which lasted several hours; and Tu my particular instance, she was desirous to im. when I recovered my senses, it was broad day.light. press an irresistible belief in her unerring knowledge.

I was buried in the mud to the middle; my hair I was selected as a striking example of her skill; and THE GRAVES OF A HOUSEHOLD, rose erect at the horrible images of the night, and the by fixing my fate at a remote period, and in utter dis

[By Felicia Hemans.) twentieth of August was one of my first thoughts. I regard of all ordinary hazards, even of the immediate

They grew in beauty, side by side, counted my wounds, to the number of eight, but and constant skirmishes of the cavalry, the hair.

They fill'd one house with glec

Their graves are sever'd far and wide none appeared dangerous, as they were chietly sabre breadth 'scapes which in my situation were an every

By mount, and stream, and sea ! cuts on my arms and body. The evenings of autumn day occurrence, she trusted to obtain unbounded

The same fond mother bent at night in that country are very chill; I had therefore worn confidence.

O'er each fair sleeping brow, a thick pelisse, which had materially protected me; at From her information, our sentinels were cut off,

She had each folded flower in sightthe same time, I was very feeble. and our piquets overthrown ; but the attacks upon

Where are those dreamers now? I listened to ascertain if the enemy had departed, our night guards were arranged so as to suit her pre

One midst the forests of the west

By a dark stream is laid ; but nothing came o'er the ear but the groans of the dictions, and especially that, on the near approach of

The Indian knows his place of rest, wounded horses. As to the riders, the Turks had the twentieth of August, the hussars of Czekler might rende:ed them qniet enough. be on duty. From constant intercourse with the offi.

The sea, the blue lone sea, hath one, I exerted myself to get out of my place of conceal. cers, she knew that two of my comrades preceded me

He lies where pearls lie deep ;

He was the loved of all, yet none ment, which I accomplished in about an hour, the in command. To the one she sold drugged wine, and

O'er his low bed may weep. traces which I had left among the reeds forming a safe he was taken dangerously ill; and, just as the other

One sleeps where southern vines are dress'a guide; but although this sanguinary warfare had pe- had mounted, she contrived to thrust burning tinder culiarly hardened the feelings, still in my lonely and into the nostrils of his charger.

He wrapt his colours round his breast, defenceless state I could not subdue a movement of

On a blood-red field of Spain. apprehension, when I first advanced from this asylum.

And one o'er her the myrtle showers

Its leaves, by soft winds fann'd; My regards were naturally and immediately attracted

A FEW IRISH JESTS.

She saded 'midst Italian flowers, to the scene of inassacre, where, of all my comrades,

The last of that bright band. (From "Scottish Jests and Anecdotes," &c. Edinburgh, 1831.] I singly stood in safety. But how shall I describe the

And parted thus, they rest who play'd horror and alarm of finding myself, at the very mo. A PostscriPT.-The wife of an Irish gentleman

Beneath the same green tree,

Whose voices mingled as they pray'd ment of supposed emancipation, rudely seized by the being suddenly taken ill, the husband ordered a ser.

Around one parent knee! arm! On looking up, I saw an Arnaut of gigantic vant to get a horse ready to go to the next town for stature, armed to the teeth, who had returned to ex

They that with smiles lit up the hall, the doctor. By the time, however, that the horse was

And cheer'd with song the hearthamine if there was yet any remaining plunder. Never ready, and his letter to the doctor written, the lady was hope so bitterly disappointed. I addressed him recovered, on which he added the following postscripi,

And nough: beyond, on earth! in the Turkish language, “ Take my watch, my purse, and sent off the messenger :-"My wife being reco

LONDON: Published, with Permission of the Proprietors, by ORR myuniform, but do not kill me.” These," he replied, vered, you need not come.” “are mine ; and, what is more, thy head;" and he de. THE BRICKLAYERS.-Two Irish labouring brick.

& SMITH, Paternoster Row; G. BERGER, Holywell Street,

Strand; BANCKS & Co., Manchester; WRIGHTSON & WEEN, liberately began to unfasten the chin-piece of my hussar layers were working at some houses near Russell Birmingham; WILLMER & SMITH, Liverpool; W. E. SONS cap. I was without arms, incapable of defending my. Square, and one of them was boasting of the steadi.

SCALE, Leeds; C. N. WRIGHT, Nottingham; WESTLEY & Co

Bristol; S. Suus, Bath ; J. Johnson, Cambridge; W. GAIN, self, and, on the slightest resistance, he threatened to ness with which he could carry a load to any height Exeter; J. PURPON, Hull; G. RIDGE, Sheffield; H. BELL RBT, bury his sabre in my breast; yet I clung to his waist that might be required. The other contested the York; J. TAYLOR, Brighton ; and sold by all Booksellers, while he was employed in baring my neck, and cone point, and the conversation ended in a bet that he

Stereotyped by A. Kirkwood, Edinburgh. tinued to supplicate his compassion. “My family is could not carry him, in his bed, up a ladder to the top Printed by Bradbury and Evans (late T. Davison), Whitefriars.

morass.

Far in the cedar shade.

Above the noble slain ;

Alas for love, if thou wert all,

Newsmen, &c. in town and country.

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