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acres Adam Smith aggregate agricultural American amount average Bank of England banks becomes Bonamy Price Britain bushels capital capitalist cause census cent China coin commodities consumers consumption corn corn laws cost cotton credit money crop cultivation debt decline degree demand domestic duty earn economic economists effect employed England English enterprise equal exchange exist exports fact farm farmers foreign France free trade gold grain Hence human importation increase India industry interest invested iron Karl Marx kilogrammes labor labor power land less machinery manufactures means ment millions mode nature ownership paid period persons political economy population possession principle private title production protection purchase quantity railroad railways rate of profit rent revenue rise Russia says sell share silver social society supply tariff taxation theory things tion transportation United wealth wheat
Сторінка 359 - Accordingly we find, that, in every kingdom, into which money begins to flow in greater abundance than formerly, everything takes a new face : labour and industry gain life ; the merchant becomes more enterprising, the manufacturer more diligent and skilful, and even the farmer follows his plough with greater alacrity and attention.
Сторінка 79 - Equal quantities of labour, at all times and places, may be said to be of equal value to the labourer. In his ordinary state of health, strength, and spirits ; in the ordinary degree of his skill and dexterity, he must always lay down the same portion of his ease, his liberty, and his happiness.
Сторінка 239 - On the first settling of a country in which there is an abundance of rich and fertile land, a very small proportion of which is required to be cultivated for the support of the actual population, or indeed can be cultivated with the capital which the population can command, there will be no rent...
Сторінка 356 - The substitution of paper in the room of gold and silver money, replaces a very expensive instrument of commerce with one much less costly, and sometimes equally convenient. Circulation comes to be carried on by a new wheel, which it costs less both to erect and to maintain than the old one.
Сторінка 289 - The real price of everything, what everything really costs to the man who wants to acquire it, is the toil and trouble of acquiring it. What everything is really worth to the man who has acquired it, and who wants to dispose of it or exchange it for something else, is the toil and trouble which it can save to himself, and which it can impose upon other people.
Сторінка 9 - When at length a true system of Economics comes to be established, it will be seen that that able but wrong-headed man, David Ricardo, shunted the car of Economic science on to a wrong line, a line, however, on which it was further urged towards confusion by his equally able and wrong-headed admirer John Stuart Mill.
Сторінка 290 - There is unfortunately no mode of expressing by one familiar term, the aggregate of what may be called the wages-fund of a country; and as the wages of productive labour form nearly the whole of that fund, it is usual to overlook the smaller and less important part, and to say that wages depend on population and capital.
Сторінка 239 - Rent is that portion of the produce of the earth, which is paid to the landlord for the use of the original and indestructible powers of the soil.
Сторінка 457 - The subjects of every state ought to contribute towards the support of the government, as nearly as possible, in proportion to their respective abilities; that is, in proportion to the revenue which they respectively enjoy under the protection of the state.