England Under Free Trade: An Address Delivered to the Sheffield Junior Liberal Association, 8th November, 1881

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Cassell, Petter, Galpin & Company, 1881 - 35 стор.
 

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Сторінка 7 - It is commerce which is rapidly rendering war obsolete, by strengthening and multiplying the personal interests which are in natural opposition to it. And it may be said without exaggeration that the great extent and rapid increase of international trade, in being the principal guarantee of the peace of the world, is the great permanent security...
Сторінка 34 - ... a Parliamentary Committee was appointed to inquire into the cause of the distress. Farmers were ruined by thousands. One newspaper in Norwich advertised 120 sales of stock in one day. This was when the Corn Laws were in full force, and the price fixed by law for importing corn was 80s. a quarter ! Again, ten years later, agricultural distress was great. The Marquis of Stafford used to take his rents in the value of corn, and in 1827 he abated 30 per cent., and in 1828 26 per cent. In 1829 the...
Сторінка 35 - Yeovil were undergoing the same privation as the potters of Stoke and the miners of Staffordshire, where five-and-twenty thousand were destitute of employment. He knew of a place where a hundred wedding-rings had been pawned in a single week to provide bread; and of another place where men and women subsisted on boiled nettles, and dug up the decayed carcass of a cow rather than perish of hunger. "I say you are drifting to confusion," he exclaimed, "without rudder and without compass.
Сторінка 35 - In Accrington out of a population of 9,000 people only 100 were fully employed. In Marsden, near Burnley, half the people were on the rates, and the poor rates were Is. in the pound per month. In 1842 the reports of the Factory Inspectors showed that 10 per cent, of the cotton mills and 12 per cent, of all the woollen mills of Lancashire and Yorkshire were standing idle, and that of the rest only one fourth were working full time.
Сторінка 6 - But the economical advantages of commerce are surpassed in importance by those of its effects which are intellectual and moral. It is hardly possible to overrate the value, in the present low state of human improvement, of placing human beings in contact with persons dissimilar to themselves, and with modes of thought and action unlike those with which they are familiar.
Сторінка 34 - Corn fell from 94s. 9d. per quarter in 1817, to 67s. lOd. in 1820, and 43s. 4d in 1822. In that year a Parliamentary Committee was appointed to inquire into the cause of the distress. Farmers were ruined by thousands. One newspaper in Norwich advertised 120 sales of stock in one day. This was when the Corn Laws were in full force, and the price fixed by law for importing corn was 80s. a quarter ! Again, ten years later, agricultural distress was great. The Marquis of Stafford used to take his rents...
Сторінка 34 - In 1822 wheat fell to 43s. 4cZ. per quarter, and the assessment to the poor rate was only 6,898,153?. In 1819, 1820, and 1822, agriculture was in a state of universal distress bordering on bankruptcy, and petitions for relief were presented to Parliament from all parts of the country. Corn fell from 94s. 9d. per quarter in 1817, to 67s. lOd. in 1820, and 43s. 4d in 1822. In that year a Parliamentary Committee was appointed to inquire into the cause of the distress. Farmers were ruined by thousands....
Сторінка 7 - Finally, commerce first taught nations to see with good-will the wealth and prosperity of one another. Before, the patriot, unless sufficiently advanced in culture to feel the world his country, wished all countries weak, poor, and ill-governed, but his own: he now sees in their wealth and progress a direct source of wealth and progress to his own country.
Сторінка 27 - ... duties that they can keep us out of their own territory, and even then they cannot prevent us from selling some of our goods to the very people who grew the material from which we made them. Outside their own boundaries, where they cease to be propped up by duties, they are not in the race with us. The following are the amounts of the exports of Great Britain and the United States to the five divisions of the globe for the year 1878 as given by themselves 1 (excluding the trade between the two...
Сторінка 35 - Z. in 1841. In 1842 the Poor Protection Society had 6,995 applicants for relief, whose earnings only averaged 13d. per head per week. 5,305 persons were visited, and they had only 466 blankets amongst them, or about one blanket to every eleven persons. Mr. JK Cross, MP for Bolton, in the House of Commons quoted M. Guizot as speaking of the times from 1836 to 1840 as follows: — Bolton, a town of the second class in Lancashire, near Manchester, containing about 50,000 people, had been thrown by the...

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