Surveillance: Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Courts, Civil Liberties, and the Administration of Justice of the Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, Ninety-fourth Congress, First Session ...
United States. Congress. House. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Courts, Civil Liberties, and the Administration of Justice
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1975
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action activities Administration affairs agencies agents American apply approval Attorney authority bank bill cause Circuit Code Committee communications concerning concurring conduct confidentiality Congress consent constitutional Control conversations Court crime criminal damages decision Department determine devices disclosure District domestic effect electronic electronic surveillance enforcement equipment evidence Executive existence fact Federal filed foreign Fourth Amendment Government Group important individual installed intelligence interception interest internal involved issue Judges Judges concurring judgment judicial Justice legislation letter limited mail cover matter means ment MITCHELL national security necessary obtained officers opinion organization party patient person police Postal present President prior procedure protect question reasonable received records Reel relating request requirement responsibility S.Ct seizure Service Street supra surveillance Telecommunications telephone tion Title United violation warrant Washington wiretap ZWEIBON
Сторінка 1088 - Amendment; and compelling a man "in a criminal case to be a witness against himself," which is condemned in the Fifth Amendment, throws light on the question as to what is an "unreasonable search and seizure" within the meaning of the Fourth Amendment.
Сторінка 1097 - What a person knowingly exposes to the public, even in his own home or office, is not a subject of Fourth Amendment protection. . . . But what he seeks to preserve as private, even in an area accessible to the public, may be constitutionally protected...
Сторінка 731 - Nothing contained in this chapter or in section 605 of the Communications Act of 1934 (48 Stat. 1143; 47 USC 605) shall limit the constitutional power of the President to take such measures as he deems necessary to protect the Nation against actual or potential attack or other hostile acts of a foreign power, to obtain foreign intelligence information deemed essential to the security of the United States, or to protect national security information against foreign intelligence activities.
Сторінка 875 - Whoever, with intent or reason to believe that it is to be used to the injury of the United States or to the advantage of a foreign nation...
Сторінка 1101 - Breaking into a house and opening boxes and drawers are circumstances of aggravation, but any forcible and compulsory extortion of a man's own testimony or of his private papers, to be used as evidence to convict him of crime or to forfeit his goods, is within the condemnation of that judgment. In this regard the fourth and fifth amendments run almost into each other.
Сторінка 724 - ... support of the usual inferences which reasonable men draw from evidence. Its protection consists in requiring that those inferences be drawn by a neutral and detached magistrate instead of being judged by the officer engaged in the often competitive enterprise of ferreting out crime. Any assumption that evidence sufficient to support a magistrate's disinterested determination to issue a search warrant will justify the officers in making a search without a warrant would reduce the Amendment to...
Сторінка 1034 - To examine any books, papers, records or other data which may be relevant or material to such inquiry; (2) To summon the person liable for tax or required to perform the act, or any officer or employee of such person, or any person having possession, custody, or care of books of account containing entries relating to the business of the person liable for tax or required to perform the act, or any other person the...
Сторінка 909 - N. Lasson, THE HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE FOURTH AMENDMENT TO THE UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION 13-105 (1937).
Сторінка 970 - The President, both as Commander-in-Chief, and as the Nation's organ for foreign affairs, has available intelligence services whose reports are not and ought not to be published to the world. It would be intolerable that courts, without the relevant information, should review and perhaps nullify actions of the Executive taken on information properly held secret.
Сторінка 696 - ... those laws by also providing that they remain in force only so far as they are compatible with the changed sovereignty. What the change in sovereignty brought to the Islands was, we think, the right, guaranteed by the new sovereign, of ' an accused to be confronted with the witnesses against him ' and the right not to be ' deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law ' The essential element of the latter is the right to be heard.