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CYCLOPÆDIA

OF

ENGLISH LITERATURE;

CONSISTING OF

A SERIES OF SPECIMENS OF BRITISH WRITERS

IN PROSE AND VERSE.

CONNECTED BY A HISTORICAL AND CRITICAL NARRATIVE.

EDITED BY

ROBERT CHAMBERS.

IN TWO VOLUMES.

VOL. I.

EDINBURGH:

PUBLISHED BY WILLIAM AND ROBERT CHAMBERS.

1843.

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Tuis work originated in a desire, on the part of the Publishers, to supply what they considered a defi. ciency in the Literature addressed at the present time to the great body of the People. In the late orts for the improvement of the popular mind, the removal of mere ignorance has been the chief cbjcct held in view : attention has been mainly given to what might be expected to impart technical knowledge ; and in the cultivation of what is certainly but a branch of the intellectual powers, it has been thought that the great end was gained. It is not necessary here to present arguments establishing that there are faculties for cognising the beautiful in art, thought, and feeling, as well as for perceiving und enjoying the truths of physical science and of fact. Nor is it needful to show how elegant and reflective literature, especially, tends to moralise, to soften, and to adorn the soul and life of man. Assuming this as granted, we were anxious to take the aid of the press-or rather of the Printing Machine, for by it alone could the object be accomplished-to bring the belles lettres into the list of those agencies which are now operating for the mental advancement of the middle and humbler porthes of society.

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| It appeared that, for a first effort, nothing could be more suitable than a systematised series of

extracts from our national authors ; "a concentration"—to quote the language of the prospectus—“of
the best productions of English intellect, from Anglo-Saxon to the present times, in the various depart-
ments headed by Chaucer, Shakspeare, Milton—by More, Bacon, Locke-by Hooker, Taylor, Barrow-
by Addison, Johnson, Goldsmith-by Hume, Robertson, Gibbon-set in a biographical and critical history
of the literature itself.” By this a double end might, it seemed, be served; as the idea of the work in-
caded the embodiment of a distinct and valuable portion of knowledge, as well as that mass of polite
Lierature which was looked to for the effect above described. In the knowledge of what has been done
by English literary genius in all ages, it cannot be doubted that we have a branch of the national history,
sot only in itself important, as well as interesting, but which reflects a light upon other departments of
ristory—for is not the Elizabethan Drama, for example, an exponent, to some extent, of the state of the
atinal mind at the time, and is it not equally one of the influences which may be presumed to have
| modified that mind in the age which followed? Nor is it to be overlooked, how important an end is to
be attained by training the entire people to venerate the thoughtful and eloquent of past and present
imes. These gifted beings may be said to have endeared our language and institutions--our national

sharacter, and the very scenery and artificial objects which mark our soil—to all who are acquainted
| with, and can appreciate their writings. A regard for our national authors enters into and forms part

of the most sacred feelings of every educated man, and it would not be easy to estimate in what degree it is to this sentiment that we are indebted for all of good and great that centres in the name of Engani. Assuredly, in our common reverence for a Shakspeare, a Milton, a Scott, we have a social and miting sentiment, which not only contains in itself part of our happiness as a people, but much that counteracts influences that tend to set us in division.

A more special utility is contemplated for this work, in its serving to introduce the young to the Pantheon of English authors. The “ Elegant Extracts” of Dr Knox, after long enjoying popularity as a selection of polite literature for youths between school and college, has of late years sunk out of notice, in onsequence of a change in public taste. It was almost exclusively devoted to the rhetorical literature, sepaat but artificial, which flourished during the earlier half of the eighteenth century, overlooking even the great names of Chaucer and Spenser, as well as nearly the whole range of rich, though not faultless productions extending between the times of Shakspeare and Dryden. The time seemed to have come for a substitute work, in which at once the revived taste for our early literature should be gratified, and due attention be given to the authors who have lived since the time of Knox. Such a work it has been the · bamble aim of the editor to produce in that which is now laid before the public.

He takes this opportunity of acknowledging that very important assistance has been rendered through-
Got the Cyclopædia of English Literature, and particularly in the poetical department, by Mr Robert
Carruthers of Inverness.
I

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Page 1

Page
Illumination-Monk writing, 1 Autograph of Sir Philip Sidney, 232 View of St Lawrence Church, 434
Chair of Bede, -
3 Portrait of Richard Hooker, 235 Portrait of Dr Robert South,

441 Illumination-a Minstrel, 8 Portrait of Lord Bacon,

441

239 View of Islip Church, Portrait of Chaucer, 12 Autograph of Bacon, 239 Portrait of Richard Baxter,

454 Chaucer's Tomb, 14 Monument of Bacon, 241 View of Ury House,

461 Tabard Inn, Southwark, 14 Portrait of Sir Walter Raleigh,

466

244 Portrait of John Bunyan, Portrait of Gower, 24 | Autograph of Raleigh,

244 View of the Birthplace of Bunyan, 467 Cathedral of Aberdeen, 25 View of Hayes Farm, the Birthplace Portrait of Lord Clarendon,

475 View of Lochleven, 28 of Raleigh,

244 View of Dunkirk House, the London Portrait of Wickliffe, 35 Stow's Monument in the church of

residence of Lord Clarendon, 476 Chair of Wickliffe, 35 St Andrew under Shaft, London, 249 Portrait of Gilbert Burnet,

486 Ilumination-Early Printing-Office, 36 Portrait of James Howell,

255

001

Portrait of Sir William Temple, Portrait of James I. of Scotland, 36 | Autograph of Howell,

508

256 Portrait of John Locke, View of Dunkeld Cathedral, 44 Portrait of William Camden, 262 Autograph of Locke,

508 Portrait of Howard, Earl of Surrey, 46 Autograph of Camden,

262 View of the Birthplace of Locke, 509 Portrait of Sir David Lyndsay, 49 Portrait of Thomas May,

264 Seal of Locke, .

510 Portrait of William Caxton, 55 Portrait of Thomas Hobbes, 266 Portrait of the Honourable Robert Portrait of Sir Thomas More, 59 Portrait of Robert Burton,

272 Boyle,

516 Autograph of Sir Thomas More, 59 Tomb of Burton,

521

274 Portrait of Sir Isaac Newton, Bust of John Leland, 69 Portrait of John Selden,

282 View of the Birthplace of Newton, 521 Portrait of William Tyndale, 73 Autograph of Selden,

282 | Portrait of Thomas Rymer,

527 Portrait of Sir John Cheke,

74 View of the House of Selden, 283 Portrait of Sir George Mackenzie, 830 Autograph of Roger Ascham, 76 Portrait of Archbishop Usher,

Monument of Sir George Mackenzie, Mlumination-Spenser introduced Portrait of William Chillingworth, 285 Greyfriars Churchyard, Edinburgh, 530 by Sydney to Elizabeth, 79 | Portrait of Jeremy Taylor, 200 Mumination-Rape of the Lock,

534 Portrait of Thomas Sackville, 80 | Portrait of Sir Thomas Browne, 293 Portrait of Matthew Prior, Portrait of Edmund Spenser, 86 | Portrait of John Knox,

303 Autograph of Prior, View of Kilcolman Castle, 87 View of the Birthplace of Knox, 303 Portrait of Joseph Addison,

540 Portrait of Michael Drayton, 99 Portrait of Archbishop Spottiswood, 306 | Autograph of Addison,

540 Portrait of Sir Henry Wotton, 104 Illumination-Milton Dictating to View of Addison's Walk, Magdalen Monumental Effigy of Dr Donne, 110 his Daughter,

312 College, Oxford,

541 View of Penshurst, 114 Portrait of Abraham Cowley, ·

312 View of Holland House, View of Norwich Cathedral, 116 Autograph of Cowley,

312 Portrait of Jonathan Swift,

545 Portrait of Francis Beaumont, 119 View of the House of Cowley, · 313 Autograph of Swift,

345 Portrait of George Herbert,

131 View of the Poets' Corner, West- View of the Tomb of Swift in DubBust of Robert Herrick, 139 minster Abbey,

323 lin Cathedral, Autograph of Robert Herrick, 139 Portrait of Edmund Waller, 325 Portrait of Alexander Pope,

664 View of the Birthplace of Randolph, 145 View of Waller's Tomb,

326 Autograph of Pope,

554 Portrait of Sir William Davenant, 146 Portrait of John Milton,

328 View of Pope's Villa, Twickenham, 555 View of Lethington Castle, 155 View of Ludlow Castle, 329 Portrait of John Gay,

570 View of Logie Kirk, 156 View of Milton's Cottage at Chal- Autograph of Gay,

570 View of Falkland Palace, 157 font, 330 Portrait of Thomas Parnell,

576 View of the House of the Earl of Fac-simile of Milton's Second Re- Autograph of Somerville, Stirling, 1.58 ceipt to Simmons,

330 Urn erected by Shenstone to Somer. Portrait of Drummond of Haw. View of the Remains of Milton's

ville,

681 thornden, 158 House at Forest Hill, 335 Portrait of Allan Ramsay,

682 View of Hawthornden, the seat of Portrait of Andrew Marvell, 343 Autograph of Ramsay,

082 Drummond, 169 | Portrait of Bamuel Butler,

345 View of Kamsay Lodge, Portrait of Buchanan, . 161 View of Rose Street, London, in Portrait of Nicholas Rowe,

5980 Autograph of Buchanan, 161 which Butler died, 346 Autograph and Seal of Vanbrugh,

191 View of Gray's Inn Hall, 164 Portrait of John Dryden,

360 Ilumination Steele Writing the View of Globe Theatre, 165 Autograph of John Dryden,

Tatler in a Coffee-Room, Bust of Shakspeare, 176 View of Burleigh House,

361

Portrait of Sir Richard Steele, Autograph of Shakspeare, . 176 Portrnit of Thomas Otway,

386 View of Steele's llouse at Lian. View of the Birthplace of Shak- Ilumination-Preacher of the Se

gunnor,

en speare,

venteenth Century, ·
396 Portrait of Daniel Defoe,

617 View of Charlecote House, 178 | Portrait of Algernon Sidney,

405 View of Stanton Harcourt, Oxford. Goblet from the Boar's - Head Portrait of Lady Rachel Russell,

shire, Tavern, 190 Portrait of Thomas Fuller,

411 Autograph of Lord Boling broke, 646 Portrait of Ben Jonson,

191 View of Old St Bride's Church, 412 Bolingbroke's Monument in Batter. Autograph of Ben Jonson, 191 Portrait of Iraak Walton, 415 sea Church,

647 View of Falcon Tavern, 193 | View of Walton's House,

413 Portrait of Lady Mary Wortley Portrait of Fletcher, 203 i Portrait of John Evelyn, 419 Montagu,

680 Portrait of Philip Massinger, 217 | View of the House of Evelyn, 4:20 | Portrait of the Earl of Shaftesbury, 655 Illumination--Raleigh writing in Portrait of Sir Roger L'Estrange, View of Bentley's Seat, in Trinity Prison, 232 Portrait of Dr Isaac Barrow, .

College Chapel,
Philip Sidney, 222 Portrait of Archbishop Tillotson, - 434 | Portrait of Charles Leslie,

667

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CONTENTS OF FIRST VOLUME.

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First Period.

Second Period.

FROM THE EARLIEST TIMES TO 1400.

FROM 1400 TO 1558.

Page

ANGLO-SAVON WRITERS,

POETS.

1

ISTEODCCTION OF NORMAN FRENCH,

3

Page

iar NORMAN POETS or ENGLAND,

4 KING JAMES I OF SCOTLAND,

36

CORNESCEMENT OF THE PRESENT FORM OF ENGLISH, 4

James I., a Prisoner in Windsor, first sees Lady Jane

TECIMENS OF ANGLO-SAXON AND ENGLISH PREVIOUS

Beaufort, who afterwards was his Queen,

37

To 130,

5 Joux LYDGATE,

Estract from the Saxon Chronicle, 1154,

5

Description of a Sylvan Retreat,

Estract from the account of the Proceedings at Arthur's The London Lyckpenny,

Coronation, given by Layamon, in his translation of ROBERT HENRYSON,

Wace, executed about 1180,

5

Dinner given by the Town Mouse to the Country Mouse, 38

Estract from a Charter of Henry III., A. D. 1258, in the From the Moral,

39

ommon language of the time,

The Garment of Good Ladies,

39

Tus REYXIXG CHRONICLERS,

6 WILLIAM DUNBAR,

40

The Muster for the First Crusade,

6 The Merle and Nightingale,

41

The Siege of Antioch, .

7 The Dance,

42

The Interview of Vortigern with Rowen, the beautiful

43

Tidings fra the Session,

Dezghter of Hengist,

8

Of Discretion in Giving and Taking,

43

Fabolous account of the first Highways in England, 8 Gavin DOUGLAS,

44

Praise of Good Wornen,

Apostrophe to Honour,

44

ExGLIAR METRICAL ROMANCES,

Morning in May,

44

Extract from the King of Tars,

9 John SKELTON,

Extract from the Squire of Low Degree,

10 To Mistress Margaret Hussey,

45

IMMEDIATE PREDECESSORS OF CHAUCER,

EARL OF SURREY,

46

Wat is in Heaven,

11

Prisoner in Windsor, he recounteth his Pleasure there

RABERI LAXGLAND,

11

passed,

46

Extracts from Pierce Plowman,

11

Description and Praise of his Love Geraldine,

47

GETTREY CHAUCER,

12 How no age is content with his own estate, and how the

Meipet Characters from the Canterbury Pilgrimage, 15 age of children is the happiest, if they had skill to un-

Decription of a Poor Country Widow,

18 derstand it,

47

The Death of Arcite,

18 The Means to attain Happy Life,

47

Departure of Custance,

19 Sir THOMAS WYATT,

The Pardoner's Tale,

19 The Lover's lute cannot be blamed, though it sing of his

The Good Parson,

22

Lady's unkindness,

An Ironical Ballad on the Duplicity of Women,

22 The re-cured Lover exulteth in his Freedom, and voweth
La Verses of Chaucer, written on his Deathbed, 23 to remain free until Death,

48
Jour GOWER,
23 That Pleasure is mixed with every Pain,

48

Esiside of Rosiphele,

24 The Courtier's Life,

48

T> Envious Man and the Miser,

25 Of the Mean and Sure Estate,

43

Joan BARBOUR, .

25 Thomas TUSSER,

48

Apostrophe to Freedom,
26 Directions for Cultivating a Hop-Garden,

48

Death of Sir Henry De Bohun,

26 Housewifely Physic,

49

The Battle of Bannockburn,

26 Moral Reflections on the Wind,

49

ASDREW WYXTOUN,

28 Sir David LYNDSAY,

las berf's Ram,

28 A Carman's Account of a Law-suit,

Interview of St Serf with Sathanas,

50

Supplication in Contemption of Side Tails,

The Return of King David IL from Captivity,

28 The Building of the Tower of Babel, and Confusion of

BLSD HARBY, .

29

Tongues,

50

A šventure of Wallace while fishing in Irvine Water, MISCELLANEOUS PIECES OF THE Second Period,

51

E-ape of Wallace from Perth,

30 A Praise of his (the Poet's) Lady,

51

The Death of Wallace,

31 Amantium Ira Amoris Redintegratio est. By Richard

Edwards. 1523-1566,

51

PROSE WRITERS OF THE FOURTEENTH CENTURY. Characteristic of an Englishman. By Andrew Bourd 51

hata Joey MASDEVILLE,

32 The Nut Brown Maid,

52

A Mohamedan's Lecture on Christian Vices,

32

The Devi's Head in the Valley Perilous,

PROSE WRITERS.

GROVFREY CHACCER,

34 Sir John FORTESCUE,

On Riches,

34 English Courage,

54

joys WICKLIYYE,

35

What harm would come to England if the Commons

The Magnificat,

36 thereof were Poor,

34

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