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THE SON OF MAN AND THE Logos.' – Professor Schulze's treatise is divided into two chapters with twenty-five paragraphs, of which we will here specify the principal. Chapter first treats of the Lord's self-designation — Son of Man ; its principal paragraphs are, the Old Testament basis ; its New Testament signification in the Synoptics and in the Gospel of John; critical review of other hypotheses. Chapter second treats of John's doctrine of the logos ; its principal paragraphs are, usage of the word in John, and in the rest of the New Testament; explanation of the prologue, with its ideas, life, light, TLOTEÚELV, Son of God, flesh; its course of thought; the logos in John's Epistles, and in the Apocalypse ; sources of John's doctrine as contained in the discourses of the Lord; connection with the Old Testament; connection with the speculations of the postcanonical apocrypha; comparison with the doctrine of the other apostles. The positive result to which the author arrives after a very careful investigation is, that John's Logos is a divine personality, with an independent self-consciousness, and of divine nature; and that Christ designated himself the Son of Man from the very beginning because he was conscious of being the Messiah.

THE FATHERHOOD OF GOD. — Mr. Wright is the meritorious author of an edition of Genesis and Ruth in Hebrew, with notes, and a critical apparatus. He has here given a very clear and readable treatise on a subject which has been exciting a good deal of attention in England. Drs. Candlish and Crawford of Edinburgh have both written books on the Fatherhood of God, the former denying that God is in any sense man's Father by nature; the latter affirming it (see Bib. Sac. Vol. xxiv. p. 589).. Mr. Wright inclines, with slight modifications drawn from other views he entertains, to Dr. Candlish's side. For our part, we cannot help regarding the controversy as to a considerable degree a dispute about words. Mr. Wright touches on a number of important questions which are left unnoticed by the other two writers; for example, the Tripartite Nature of Man, Traducianism and Creationism; the Natural Immortality of Man; Future: Punishments; on all of which his remarks are decidedly worthy of attention. We do not agree with several things he advances; but where we differ we cannot but respect the reverent, judicious, and broad spirit in which his distinctive views are put forth. If controversy were always conducted in such a tone, we should have much less of it, or at all events, much fewer theological heart-burnings.

i Vom Menschen Sohn und vom Logos. Ein Beitrag zur biblischen Christologie. Von Prof. Lic. Dr. L. T. Schulze. Gotha : F. A. Perthes; London : Asher and Co., Trubner and Co. 1867. Price, 2 thaler.

2 The Fatherhood of God, and its Relation to the Person and Work of Christ, and the Operations of the Holy Spirit. By C. H. H. Wright, M.A., British Chaplain, Dresden. Edinburgh: I. and T. Clark. Vol. XXIV. No. 96.


The following list includes some of the principal other publications which appeared towards the end of 1865 and at the beginning of 1866 :

Baltzer: Die biblische Schöpfungslehre (2.23). Reusch : Bibel und Natur (2.13). Works designed to show that there is no contradiction between natural science and Genesis, by two Roman Catholic theologians eminently fitted for the task. Good books, notwithstanding their Romish origin.

Riehm: Der Lehrbegriff des Hebraeerbriefes. A new and cheaper edition (2.2}) of a valuable work on the Doctrinal System of the Epistle to the Hebrews by the able Halle Professor.

Keim: Der geschichtliche Christus. A third edition of a series of lectures on the Historical Christ, by a Zürich Professor, whom we might describe as the James Martineau of the German critical school. 15 thaler.

Rothe: Theologische Ethik. The first half of the second edition of Rothe's celebrated work on Theological Ethics. It is in reality a system of speculative theology.

Graf: Die geschichtlichen Bücher des alten Testaments. A valuable contribution to our knowledge of the course of development of Hebrew history, from a critical, but not hyper-critical, point of view. The Book of Chronicles, to which a good part of the book is devoted, he assigns to the fourth century before Christ. Price, if thaler.

Hilgenfeld : Novum Testamentum extra canonem receptum. Fasciculi i., ii., iii., iv. Clementis Romani Epistolae (Mosis Assumpsionis quae supersunt); Barnabae Epistola ; Hermae Pastor; Evangeliorum secundum Hebraeos, etc. quae supersunt. Price, 5f thaler.

Postel: Palaestina, Land und Leute. A careful account of Palestine and its inhabitants, with constant reference to the passages in the Bible which may

be illustrated. Levin : Die drei ersten Evangelien synoptisch zusammengestellt. A synopsis of the three first Gospels, said to be better than any of those now in use. It is arranged in three columns, Mark in the middle, Matthew to the left, and Luke to the right. The text is that of the Codex Sinaiticus. The author's personal position seems to be rather free. The book is well got up. Price, 1} thaler.

Van de Velde : Karte von Palaestina. Eight maps, colored. 2d edition. Price, 2} thaler.

Krummel: Geschichte der böhmischen Reformation. A history of the Bohemian Reformation under Huss, in the fifteenth century. The author has used the valuable documents recently brought to light by Palacky and Höfler. Price, 3 thaler.

Schlekerer: Uebersichtliche Darstellung der Geschichte der Kirchlichen Dichtung und geistlichen Musik. A popularly-written history of Church Poetry and sacred music from the earliest times. The book has one fault very common to German productions; it ignores the two chief Protestant countries - Great Britain and America.

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Langhaus : Pietismus und äussere Mission von dem Richterstuhl ihrer Vertheidiger. This is a sort of continuation of the same writer's virulent attack on Foreign Missions published about two years ago. Pastor Langhaus belongs to the so-called liberal party; i.e. the party that is liberal to everybody but the orthodox.

Stroh : Christus der Erstling der Entschlafeuen. Intended to show that all men will be finally restored. The resurrection taught in 1 Cor. xv. 20–28, is a resurrection solely to life. The writer's three main grounds are: 1. That Christ, the first-fruits, is able to make all live; 2. That it is God's will (1 Tim. ii. 3, 4) and purpose (Eph. i. 3, 9, 10); 3. That the divine economy

has this end in view. There are three classes of men, the first fruit, those who belong to Christ, and the end or remainder. Price, 9 sgr. pp. 110.

Sein und Erscheinung: A philosophical work, by a non-professional thinker, whose aim is to refute materialism, and to establish an ideal system which shall preserve to man some of his most precious possessions. It is a most unusual thing in Germany for a layman” to write on such subjects; for nearly all the books published are the production of the socalled Fachmänner, men whose business it is to write.

Nippold: Neuere Kirchengeschichte. A Church History of recent times (i.e. as usual, mainly in Germany) written from the point of view of the church democratic party in Baden; the party, namely, that considers every respectable man above twenty-one or twenty-four years of age, as such, fit for and justified in managing and judging church matters.

Mayer: Zur Seelenfrage. Materialistic.

Wilmarshof : Das Jeuseits. A scientific attempt to solve the problem of immortality; well meant, but seemingly more fanciful than scientific.

Drobisch : Die moralische Statistik und die menschliche Freiheit. Professor Drobisch of Leipsic is a Herbartianer and a determinist. He believes in a freedom to consider prior to action, but not in a free, selfdetermining power of the will.

Huber: Studien. One of these studies is on criminal statistics and the freedom of the will. He defends the freedom of the will.

Kaulich: Ueber die Freiheit des Menschen. A defense of human freedom with a prior criticism of all the forms of determinism.

Carns : Vergleichende Psychologie, oder Geschichte der Seele in der Reihenfolge der Thierwelt. A history of the development of the animal soul, from the infusoria up to the ape.

Lewisch: Psychologie. From the point of view of the philosophy of the Roman Catholic Günther, which was recommended to the attention of Protestants by being condemned in Rome.

Stöckl : Geschichte der Philosophie des Mittelalters. A very detailed history of the scholastic philosophy by a Roman Catholic. Its chief recommendation is that it is detailed, and from the hand of an admirer.

Daumer : Der Tod des Leibes, Kein Tod der Seele. An interesting and painstaking collection of notices, going to show that the death of the body does not involve the death of the soul.

Haffner: Der Materialismus in der Culturgeschichte. A popular sketch of the various forms under which a materialistic tendency has manifested itself in the different periods of human history.

Schroder v. d. Kolk : Seele und Leib in Wechselbeziehung zu einander. Popular lectures in defence of the independence and difference of the human soul from the animal soul and the powers of nature.

Westhoff: Kraft, Stoff, und Gedanke. A beavy but not unmeritorious attempt to refute the materialistic views of Büchner, Vogt, Mayer, and Co.

Böhner: Naturforschung und Culturleben in ihren neuesten Ergebnissen. Also a refutation of materialism from the most recent results of natural science. Bohner's religious views seem rather vague.

Rosenthal: Convertitenbilder aus dem 19. Jahrhundert. Sketches of the converts to the Roman Church in Germany during the nineteenth century, by one who is himself a convert, or rather pervert.

Räss: Die Convertiten seit der Reformation. The first volume of a work similar to the above. It extends merely to 1566, and adduces twenty perverts. The author is Bishop of Strassburg.




A HISTORICAL AND CRITICAL COMMENTARY on the Old Testament, with a new Translation. By M. M. Kalisch, Ph.D., M.A. ep's Leviticus, Part I., containing chapters 1 to 10. With Treatises on Sacrifices and the Ilebrew Priesthood. 8vo. pp. 708. London: Longmans, Green, Pearson, and Dyer. 1867.— Dr. Kalisch is well known as the author of a “ Hebrew Grammar with Exercises," and of two volumes, one on Genesis and one on Exodus, belonging to the present series of“ A Historical and Critical Commentary." His writings contain much valuable information, but are disfigured by his irrational rationalism and illogical neology.

GENESIS AND ITS AUTHORSHIP. Two Dissertations : 1. On the Import of the Introductory Chapters of the Book of Genesis ; 2. On the Use of the Names of God in the Book of Genesis, and on the Unity of its Authorship. By John Quarry, A.M., Rector of Middleton and Prebendary of Cloyne. 8vo. pp. 635. London and Edinburgh: Williams and Norgate. 1866.— The author of these able dissertations attempts to show that

there is no need of any collision between science and revelation, because revelation was not designed, and does not pretend, to teach any definite system of science; that there is no need of denying or degrading the authority of the Book of Genesis on account of its imagined repugnance to the truths of science; and that there is no sufficient reason for questioning the unity of the book or of its origin.

ORIGIN AND HISTORY OF THE BOOKS OF THE BIBLE, both the Canonical and the Apocryphal; designed to show what the Bible is not, what it is, and how to use it. By Professor C. E. Stowe, D.D. (the New Testament). Illustrated. 8vo. pp. 583. Hartford, Conn. : Hartford Publishing Company; New York: J. D. Denison ; Philadelphia : Zeigler, McCurdy, and Co. ; Cincinnati and St. Louis ; Chicago: J. A. Stoddard; Cleveland: C. E. Wheeler. 1867. - This is a timely book. Its style is fresh and racy. It popularizes Biblical Literature in a felicitous way. We shall be happy to welcome Professor Stowe's promised volume on the Old Testament.

THE THEOLOGY OF THE GREEK Poets. By W. S. Tyler, Williston Professor of Greek in Amherst College. 12mo. pp. 365. Boston: Draper and Halliday. 1867. — Professor Tyler has here produced a work which is an honor to American literature. It is well fitted to be a classic in our colleges and theological seminaries. It furnishes admirable illustrations of the truths of both natural and revealed theology, and suggests original methods of defending these truths.

THE APOLOGETICS OF THE CHRISTIAN FAITH. By the late William M. Hetherington, D.D., LL.D., Professor of Theology, Free Church College, Glasgow. With an Introductory Notice by Alexander Duff, D.D., LL.D. 8vo. pp. 561. New York : Scribner, Welford, and Co. 1867. This is one of the volumes originally published by T. and T. Clark, the Edinburgh company to whom our theological community owe a large debt of gratitude. Dr. Hetherington shows himself in the present, as in his preceding, discussions, to be an able defender of the Christian faith in its old forms. This volume is devoted to natural theology and the divine authority of the Bible.

LECTURES ON CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY. By Enoch Pond, D.D., Professor in the Theological Seminary at Bangor. 8vo. pp. 785. Boston: Congregational Board of Publication. — This is a new edition of Dr. Pond's very valuable Lectures. It contains an Index, which augments the worth of the volume. We are happy to see that it is stereotyped. It deserves an extensive circulation, not only among clergymen, but also among intelligent laymen.

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