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where the shot was fired which startled the world. Are its echoes silent here? Is your admiration spent on the statue, or does it extend to the cause for which the Minuteman died ? Are the sons of your fathers indifferent to the struggles of other men for freedom? Are they content to stand silently by while their fellow citizens in this country are denied their equal rights ? Are they willing to help deprive another people of that liberty which is the birthright of all human beings ?

You meet to-day to celebrate the birth of Emerson. Why? Because he taught great truths, or uttered vain aspirations for impossible ideals? Do you celebrate dates and names with empty forms, or do you really believe in the truths which make those dates and names significant? One proof of living faith in those truths, of willingness to maintain them no matter at what personal cost, whether found in vote or speech or effective action, were worth a hundred monuments and a thousand celebrations. Is it the name or the reality which calls us together? Are we trying to win honor for ourselves by professing to believe in the plain life and high thought which Emerson taught, or do we really believe? This is the question which this occasion asks us all, and only the conduct of our lives can answer it.

THE CHAIRMAN: --Your committee thought, notwithstanding the smallness of this room and the actual filling of it which you would make, that it


might be agreeable to invite — knowing they could not come - some of the distinguished foreigners who have so much admiration for Mr. Emerson and who were so friendly to him on his visit abroad. I have before me quite a package of the letters that they have sent in answer, all of them fortunately inasmuch as we have but one vacant seat in the

declining to come, and quite a number of them expressing a very high and exalted opinion both of the senders who do them this honor of inviting them, and of Mr. Emerson whom we are trying in this way to honor. However, I am not going to read these letters at this time. They will all be carefully preserved for the use and good reading of the Social Circle at some future time. The vacant seat at this table was to have been occupied by a professor of Glasgow University, which, as you know, gave Mr. Emerson a very large vote for the position the highest in the college — of Lord Provost; and although it did not elect him, fortunately for us, – as it might have taken him away more than we would have been willing, he said of it that the voices of those young men were his fairest laurels. This gentleman, Professor Smith, was sent over here by the University to bear his tribute at this or some other of the celebrations in honor of Mr. Emerson ; but he is unfortunately in a hospital in Toledo, Ohio, instead of being here. But he has sent to Mr. Hoar his tribute, and Mr. Hoar will oblige me by reading it.

1 See Appendix, page 131.

SAMUEL HOAR:- Mr. Chairman, I received this to-day just before the afternoon celebration began. The length of that celebration prevented my presenting it to the audience then.

Mr. Hoar then read the following


We, a few of the Scottish and English admirers of the late R. W. Emerson, and of his writings, desire to associate ourselves with those who are celebrating in the United States his Centenary. We rejoice in the knowledge that his ethical teaching has so largely influenced to high and worthy aims the great nation to which he belonged, and we desire to testify how powerfully his teaching has affected for good very many in our own country. Many of his writings have been a life-long inspiration to people of the Anglo-Saxon nation all over the world.

Rt. Hon. JAMES BRYCE, D. C. L., M. P.
Principal DONALDSON, of St. Andrews University.
Principal MARSHALL LANG, Aberdeen University.
Principal STORY, Glasgow University.
Rev. JOHN WATSON, D.D., of Liverpool (Ian Maclaren).
Rev. JOHN KELMAN, M. A., Edinburgh.
Rev. JAMES MOFFAT, Dundonald, Ayrshire.
Professor WALTER RALEIGH, Glasgow University.
Rev. Hugh BLACK, M. A., Edinburgh.
Mrs. MARY DREW (née Gladstone).

See Appendix, page 131.

Miss AGNES C. MAITLAND, Somerville College, Oxford.
Professor HENRY GOUDY, D. C. L., Oxford.
Professor J. G. McKENDRICK, Glasgow University.
Professor S. ALEXANDER, Owen's College, Manchester.
Professor GEORGE SAINTSBURY, Edinburgh University.
Professor GEORGE ADAM SMITH, Glasgow.
PATRICK W. CAMPBELL, W. S., Edinburgh.
Sir WILLIAM TURNER, Edinburgh University.
Professor MARCUS Dods, Edinburgh.
Professor LATTA, University, Glasgow.
Professor A. V. DICEY, All Souls, Oxford.
Professor ALEXANDER LAWSON, University, St. An-


Professor C. H. HERFORD, Manchester.

THE CHAIRMAN :— Rudyard Kipling declined his invitation, but we have his “ Recessional” here tonight and we hope to have the pleasure of hearing Mr. Parker sing it.

Kipling's “ Recessional” was sung by Mr. George J. Parker, accompanied on the piano by Mrs. Charles Edward Brown.

THE CHAIRMAN:- The gentleman who has perhaps honored the memory of Emerson by the grandest and most lasting memorial, and who proposed the plan for the Emerson Hall of Philosophy at Cam

bridge, at an expense of $150,000, which sum he has already raised, is with us to-night, and we desire to thank him in this manner for the great service he has done for the memory of Emerson. I have pleasure in introducing to you Professor Münsterberg, of Harvard University.


MR. CHAIRMAN, LADIES AND GENTLEMEN : The overwhelming kindness of your generous words, Mr. Chairman, adds much to the embarrassment with which I stand before you. I am deeply embarrassed indeed, - how can I, a foreigner, an outsider, rise at this occasion to speak to a circle of women and men, inspired from childhood by the atmosphere of Emerson's New England ? I have been brought up near the Baltic Sea, and in my childhood the waves of the ocean seldom brought greetings from these New England shores to the shores of Germany. And yet my youth was not untouched by Emerson's genius. I am glad to mention this Emersonian influence abroad, because in the rich chord of the joyful enthusiasm of this day I missed only one overtone: a tone bringing out the grateful appreciation which Emerson found in the not-English speaking foreign countries. As far as I remember, I had only three American books, in German translation, in my little schoolday library. At ten I got a boys' edition of Cooper's Leatherstocking; at twelve I enjoyed

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