Supernovae and Gamma-Ray Bursts: The Greatest Explosions Since the Big Bang

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Cambridge University Press, 2 лип. 2001 р. - 376 стор.
Gamma-ray bursts are the most powerful explosions known in the Universe. Since their discovery in the early 1970s, they have been the subject of intense study but have defied detailed explanation. It is believed that supernovae and gamma-ray bursts may be related phenomena. This book brings together scientists working on supernovae and gamma-ray bursts to explore this connection and forge a new understanding. It includes invited reviews by leading experts in both fields who gathered at the Space Telescope Science Institute. It provides a comprehensive review of observations (ranging from gamma-rays to the radio) and theoretical models of supernovae and gamma-ray bursts, and a fascinating exploration of the possible links between the two classes of objects. It also critically examines the use of Type Ia supernovae for measuring the size of the Universe, and recent evidence for a cosmological constant. This volume provides a unique and stimulating reference for all students and researchers interested in supernovae, gamma-ray bursts, and the relationship between them.

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Gamma ray mechanisms
Xray afterows of gammaray bursts
Xray emission of Supernova 1998bw in the error box of GRB980425
The interaction of supernovae and gammaray bursts with their surroundings
Superluminous supernova remnants
SNe Ic 1998bw 1997ef and SN IIn 1997cy
Collapsars GammaRay Bursts and Supernovae
Radio supernovas and GRB 980425
Models for la Supernovae and evolutionary effects
Universality in SN Iae and the Phillips relation
SNe GRBs and the global properties of the Universe
How good are SNe la as standard candles?
Type la Supernovae and their implications for cosmology
Supernovae and Gamma Ray Bursts
Авторські права

PreSupernova evolution of massive stars

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Про автора (2001)

Mario Livio was born in 1945 in Romania. When he was 5 years old, he immigrated with his grandparents to Israel. He received undergraduate degrees in physics and mathematics from the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, a M.Sc. degree in theoretical particle physics at the Weizmann Institute, and a Ph.D. in theoretical astrophysics at Tel-Aviv University. He was a professor of physics at the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology from 1981 until 1991. He is a senior astrophysicist at the Hubble Space Telescope Science Institute. He has published over 400 scientific papers. He has also written several books including The Accelerating Universe, The Equation That Couldn't Be Solved, Is God a Mathematician?, and Brilliant Blunders: From Darwin to Einstein - Colossal Mistakes by Great Scientists That Changed Our Understanding of Life and the Universe. The Golden Ratio received the International Pythagoras Prize and the Peano Prize.

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