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Till the fresh glories, which now shine so bright, , Unwarily was led from virtue's ways,
For royal blood within himn struggled still,
Ile thús replied:- and what pretence liava I Whose motions if we watch aud guirlewith skill, To take up arms for public liberiy? For human good slepends on huinan will, My father governs with inquesiioned right; Our fortuue rells as from a smooth descent, The faith's defender, and mankind's delight: And from the first impression takes the bent: Good, gracious, just, observant of the laws; But, if unseis'd, she alides away like wind, And Heaven by wonders bas espous'd bis cause. And leaves repenting tolly fier behind.
Thoin has he wrong'd in all his peacefut reigia? Now, now she nieets you with a glorious prize, Who sues for justice to his throne in vain? And spreads her locks before you as she flies. What millions has be pardond of his foes, Had thus old David, from whose loins you spring, Whom just revenge did to his wrath expose! Not dar'd when fortune calld him to be king, Mild, easy, humble, studious of our good; At Gath an exile he might still remain, . Inclin'd to mercy, and averse from blood. And Heaven's anointing oil had been in vain. If millness ill with stubborn Israel suit, Let his successful youth your hopes engage;
His crime is God's belov'd attribute. . But shun the example of declining age: What could le gain his people to betray, Behold him setting in his western skics, Or change his right for arbitrary sway? . The shadows lengthi'ning as the vapors rise. Let hanghty Pharaoh curse with such a reign He is not now, as when on Jordan's sand 2 llis fruiiful Nile, and yoke a servile train. The joyful people throng'd to see him laud, Uit David's rule Jerusalein displease, Corering the beach, and blackening all the The dog-star heais their brains to this disease.
Why then should 1, encouraging the bad, But, like the prince of angels, from his height, Turn rebel, and run popularly mad .. Cometumbling dowuward with diminish'd light; / Were he the tyrant, who by lawless might Betray'd by one poor plot to public scorn; Oppress a me
Oppress'd rire Jews, and rais'd the Jebusite, , Our only blessing since his curs'd return : ' Well might I mourn ; but nature's holy bands Those hcaps of people which one sheat did bind, Would curb my spirits, and restrain my hands : blown off and scatter'd by a puff of wind, The people might assert their liberty ; What strength can he to your designs oppose, But what was right in them were crime in me. Naked of friends, and round beset with foes ?
His favor leaves me nothing to require, If Pharaoh's doubtful sliceour he should use, Prevents my wishes, and outruns desire; A foreign aid would inore incense thre Jews : What more can I expect while David lives? Proud Egypt would dissembled friendship bring; All but his kingly diadem he gives : Foment the war, but not support the King: And that -- but here he paus'd; then, sighing, Nor would the royal party ere unite
. said With Pharaoh's arms to assist the Jebusite; Is justly destin'd for a wortbier head. Or, if they shoukl, thcirint'test soon would break, For when my father from his toils shall rest, And with such odious aid inake David weak. And late augment the number of the blest, All sorts of men, by my successful arts, , His lawful issue shall the throne ascend, Abhorring kings, estrange their alier'd hearts Or the collateral line, where that shall end. From David's rule; and 'eis their gen'ral cry, His brother, though oppress'd with vulyar spite, Religion, commonwealth, and liberty.
Yet dauntless, and secure of native right, If you, as champion of the public good, i Oi ev'ry royal virtue stands possest; Add to their arms a chief of royal blood, Still dear to all the bravest and the best. What may not Isreal hope, and what applause His courage foes; his friends liis truth proclaim, Might such a gen'ral gain by such a cause? His lovalty the king, the world his fame. · Noi barren praise alone, that raudy flow'r, His mercy e'en th' offending crowd will find; Fair only to the sight, but solid pow'r;
For sure he comes of a forgiving kind. And Robler is a limited command,
Why should I then repine at Heaven's decree, Given by the love of all your native land, . Which gives me no pretence to royalty? Than a successive title, long and dark,
Yet, ob thai fate, propitiously inclin'd, Drawn from the mouldy rolls of Noah's ark. Had rais'e my birih, or had debas'd my mind!
What cannot praise effect in mighty minus, To my large soul not all her treasure lent, When flatt'ry sooths, and when anbition blindsAnd :lien betray'd it to a mean descent! Deire of pow'r, on earth a vicious weed, I find, I find iny mounting spirits bold, Yet sprung from high, is of celestial seed : And David's part disclaius iny mother's mould. In God 'tis glory; and when icu aspire, Why am I scanter by a niggard birth? Tis but a spark too inuch of heavenly fire. My soul disclaims the kindred of her earth ; Th'ambitious youth, too covetons of fame, | And, made for empire, whispers me within, Too full of angel's metal in his fraine,
Desire of greatness is a godlike sin.
Him stargering so when hell's dire agent found, 1 The name of Godly he may blush to bear; While fainting virtue scarce maintain'd her Is 'taster God's own heart to cheat bis beir ? ground,
lie to liis brother gives supreme coinmand, He pours fresh forces.in, and thus replies: To you a legacy of barren land; Thiciernai God, supremely good and wise, Periaps th'old hurpon which he thumps bis lays, Imparts not these prodigious gifts in vain : , Or seine dull Hebrew ballad in your praise. What wonders are reservd, lo bless your reign! Then the next heir, a prince serere and wise, Against your will your arguments have shown, Alcady looks on you with jealous eyes; Such viriue's only giv'n to guide a uronc. Sce's through the thin disguises of your arts, Not that your father's inildues I contemn; And warkas your progress in the people's hearts ; But manly force becomes the diadem.
Though now bis mighty soul his grief eontains; "Tis truc, he grants ile people all they crave ; lie mediates revenge who least complains : And more perhaps than subjccisought to have: Avd like a liop, slunub'ring in the way, l'or lavish grants appose à monarch tame, Or slecp disscmbling, while he waits his prev, And more huis goodness than liis wit proclaim. Illis fearless fues within his distance draws, But when should people strive their bonds 10 Construins his roaring, and contracts his paws ; If not when hingsare negligent or weak? I break, Till at the last, his time for fur found, Let liin give on till he call give no more, lleshoots with sudden vengeance frointieground; The thriliy sanhedrin shall beep him poor: [The prostrate vulgar passes ver and spares, And cu 'ry slickel which he can receive
But with a lordly rage his hunters tears. Shall cost a limb of his prerogatire.
Your case no laine expedients will aflurd : To ply him with new plots shall be my care, Resolve on death, or conquest by the sword, Or plunge him deep in some expensive war; | Which for no less a stake than life you draw; Which when his treasure can no more supply, And self-defence is nature's eldest law. He must, with the remains of kingship, buy. - Leave the warm people no considering tinie; His faithful friends, his jealousies and fears For then rebellion may be thought a crime. Call Jebusites, and Pharaoh's pensioners ; Avail yourself of what occasion gives, Whom when our fury from his aid has torn, But try your title wifile your father lives; He shall be naked left to public scorn.
Ind, that your arms may have a fair prelence, The next successor, whom I fear and bate, Proclaiın you take them in the king's defence; My arts have made obnoxious to the state ; Whose sacred life each moment would expose Turn'd all his virtues to his overthrow,
To plots, from seeming friends and secret foe's And gain'd our elders to pronounce a foe. And, who can sound the depth of David's soul? Ilis right, for saws of nocessary gold,
Perhaps his fear his kindness may control. Shall first be pawn'd, and afterwards be sold; He fears his brother, though he loves bis son, Till time shall ever-wanting David draw For plighted vows too late to be undone. To pass your doubiful title into law:
If so, by force be wishes to be gain d ; If not, the people have a right supreme Like women's lechery to seein constrain'd. To make their kings; forkings are made for them. (Doubt not: but, when he most affects the frown, All empire is no more than pow'r in trust, Commit a pleasing rape upon the crown. Which, when resum'd, can be no longer just. Secure his person to secure your cause : Succession, for the general good desiguid, They who possess the prince possess the laws. In its own wrong a nation cannot bind;
He said i and this advice above the rest, If alı'ring that the people can relieve,
With Absalom's mild nature suited best; Better one suffer than the nation grieve. | Umblaind of life, ambition set aside, Thic Jews well know their pow'r: ere Sanl ther Not staind with cruelty, nor puff d with pride. choose,
How happy had he becni, if destiny God was their king, and God they durst depose. Had higher plac'd his birth, or woi so high! Urge now your piciy, your filial name, His kingiv virtues might have claim'd a throne, A father's right, and fear of future fame; And bless'd all other countries but biş own. The public good, that universal call,
But charming greatness since so few refuse, To which con Ileaven submitted, answers all "Tis juster to lament him ihan accuse. Nor let his love cuchant your gen'rous mind; Strong were lis hores a rival to reipave, 'Tis nature's trick to propagate lier kind. Tith blandishments to gain the public love: Our fond begetiers, who would never dic, To head the faction while their zeal was hot, Love but themselves in their posterity. And popularly prosecute the plot, Or let bis kindness by th' effects be trier, To further this, Achitophel unites Or let him lay his vain presence aside.
The malcontents of all the Israelites ; God said, he lov'd your father; could he bring Whose difl'ring parties he could wisely join, A better proof than to anoint liim king? For several ends, 10 serve the same design. It surely show'd, he lor'd ihe shepherd well, The best, and of the princes some were such, Who gave so fair a flock as Israel.
Who thought the pow'r of monarchy 100 much; Would David have vou thought his darling son, Mistaken men, and patriots in their hearts ; What means he then to aliepate the crown? Not wicked, but seduc'd by impious arts;
Br these the springs of property were bent, Ille laugh'd himsel(from court; thensought relief
On Absalom and wise Achitophel:
best: With them join'dallth' haranguers of the throng, Kind husbands and were nobles all the rest.. That thought to get preferment by the tongue. And therefore, in the name of d:ness, be Who follow next, a double danger bring, I The well-hung Balaam and cold Caleb free : Not only hating David, but the king,
Ind canting Nadab let oblivion damu, The Solvmæan rout; well vers'il of old Who made new porridge for the pascal lamb. In godly faction, and in treason bold;
Let friendship's holy band some names assure ; Cow'ring and quaking at a conqu'ror's sword, Some their own worth, and some let scorn secure. But lofty to a lawful prince restord;
Vor shall the rascal rabble here have place, Saw with diselain an Ethnic plot begun, Whom kings ino title gave, and God no grace : And scorn'd by Jebusites to be outdone. Not bull-fac'd Jonas, who could statutes draw Hot Levites headed thesc; who pull'il before To mean rebellion, and make treason law. .. From th’ark, which in the judge's days they bore. But he, thongh bad, is follow'il bra worse, Resum'd their cant, and with a zealous cry Thewretch who heaven's anointeildar'il leurse; Pursued their old belov'd theocracy :
Shimei, whose youth did early promise bring When sanhedrim and priest enslau'd the nation, Of zeal to God and hatred to his king, And justified their spoils by inspiration : Did wisely from expensive sins refrain, . For who so fit to reign as Aaron's race,
And never broke tbe Sabbath but for giin : If once dominion they could found in grace? Vor ever was he known an oath to vent, These led ihe pack, though not of surest scent, Os curse, unless against the governinent. Yee deepest mouth'd against the government. Thus heaping wealth by the most ready way A nun'rous host of dreaining saints succeed, l Among the Jews, which was to cheat and prav; Of the true old enthusiastic breed;
|The city, to reward his pious hate Gainst form and order they their pow'r employ, Against his master, chose him magistrate. Nothing to build, and all things to destroy. lllis hand a rose of justice did uphold; Brut far more num'rous was the herd of such Liis neck was loaded with a chain of gold; Who think too little, and who talk too much , During his office trcason was no crime; These out of mere instinct, they knew not why, 'The sons of Belial had a glorious time Ador'd their fathers' God, and property ; For Shimei, though not prodigal pot pelf, And, by the same blind benefit of fate,
Yet loy'd his wicked neighbour a-himself. The devil and the Jebusite did hate :
When two or three were gather'd to declaning Born to be sav'il, ev’n in their own despite, | Against the monarch of Jerusalem, Because ther could not help believing right. Shimei was always in the midst of them; Such were the tools : but a whole lvdra more And, if they cursid the king when he was bv, Remains of sprouting heads too long io score. Would rather curse than break good company ; Some of their chiefs were princes of the land: If any durst his factions friends accuse, In the first rank of these did Zimri stand; He pack'd a Jury of dissenting Jews; a A man o various that he seemd to be
Whose fellow-feeling in the godly cause Notone, but all mankind's epitoine :
Would free the sufl'ring saint froin human laws. Soff in opinions, always in the wrong;
For laws are only made to punish those Waser'ry thing by starts, and nothing long; who serve the king, and to protect his focs. But in the course of one revolving inoon If any leisure time he had from pow'r, Was chemist, fiddler, statesman, and buttoon; Because 'tis sia to misemplov an hour, Thenall for women painting, rhorming,drinking, Ilis business was, by writing to persuade Besides ten thousand freaks that died in thinking. That kings were uscless, and a clog to trade :: Blet madman! who could ei'ry hour employ, land, that his noble style he might refine', With something new to wish, or do enjoy. No Rechabite trore shuund the fumes of wine. Railing and praising were his lisual theries. Chaste were his cellars, and his shrieval board And both, to show his judgement, in extremes: The grossess of a city feast abhorrid; So overo jolent, or over-civil,
Ilis cooks, with long disguise, their trade forgot; That ev'ry man with him was God or Devil. Cool was his kitchen, though his brains were hoi. In squandering wealth was his peculiar art : Such frugal virtue malico inay accuse; Nothing went unrewarded but desert :
But sure 'twas necessary to the Jews : Beggar'd by fools, whom still he found too lats; For towns once burnt, such magistrates require Ile had his jest, and they lund his cstate: Is dare not tempt God's providence by fire
ll'ith spiritgal food he fed his servants well, His looks, his grstures, and his words he frames But free froin flesh thai made the Jews rebel : | And with fainiliar ease repeats their names. And Moses' laws he held in more account, Thus forin'd by nature, furnisii'd out with arts, For forty days of fasting in the mount.
He glides unfélt into their secret hearts. · To speak the rest, who beiter are forgot, Then with a kind compassionating look, Would tire a well-breath'd witness of the plot. And sighs, bespeaking pily ere he spoke, Yet, Corah, thou shalt from oblivion pass; | Few words he said ; but casy those and fit, Erect ihyself, ihou monumental brass, . Moreslow than Hybla-drops, and far more sweet. High as ihe serpent of thy metal made, 1 I mourn, my countrymen, your lost estate; While nations stand secure teneath thy shade. Though firr unable to prevent your fate : Wliat though his birth were base, vet comets rise Behold a banish'd man, for your dear cause From earthly vapors ere they shine in skics. Expos'd a prey to arbitrary laws! Prodigious actions may as well be done
Yei oh! that I alone should be undone, By weaver's issue, as by prince's son.
Cut oil from empire, and no more a son! This arch-atiestor for the public good,
Now all your liberties a spoil are made; 2 By that one deed, ennobles all his blood. Egypt and Tyrus intercept your trade; Who ever asked the witness's high race, And Jebusites your sacred rights invade. ) Whose oath with martyrdonı did Stephen grace? My father, whom with rev’rence yet I name, Ours was a Levite ; and, as times went then, Charm's iuto ease, is careless of his fame; His tribe were God Almighty's gentlemen. Lund, brib' with petty sums of foreign gold, Sunk were his eves, his voice was harsh and loud; Is grown in Barhsheba's embraces old; Sure signs he neither choleric was, nor proud : Exalts his enemies, his friends destrovs; His long chin prov'd his wit; his saint-like grace and all his power against himself employs. A church vermillion, and a Moses' face. He gives, and let him give my right away: His memory, miraculously great,
But why should he his own and yours betray? Coulet plots, exceeding man's belief, repeat; He, only he, can make the nation bleed, Which therefore cannot be accounted lies, And be alone from my revenge is freed. For human wit could never such devise... Take then my tears (with that he wip'd bis Some future truths are mingled in his book ;
eves),-. . But where the witness fail'd, the prophet spoke; 'Tis all the aid my present pow't supplies; Sone things like visionary Highuis appear; No court-informer can these arms accuse; The spirie caught him up iheLord knows where; These arms may sons against their fathers use : And gave him his rabinnical degree,
| And 'tis iny wish the next successor's reign Unknown to foreign university.
May make no other Israelite complian. His judgement yet his memory did excel; Youth, beauty, graceful action, seldoin fail ; Which pierc'd his wond'rons evidence so well, But common intresi always will prevail : And suited to the temper of the times, | And pity never ceases to be shown Then groaning under Jebusitic crimes.
Tohini who makes the people's wrongs his own. Let Israel's focs suspect his heavenly call, The crowd, that still believe their kinge oppress, And rashlv judge his writ apocryphal;
With lified hands their young Messiah bless : Our laws for such affronts have forfeits made : Who now begins his progress to ordain He takes his life who takes away his trade. With chariots, horseinen, and a numerous train; Were I myself in witness Corah's place, from cast 10 west his glories he displays, The wretch who did me such a dire disgrace Aud, like the sun, the promis'd land surveys. Should whet niy memory, though once forgot, Fame runs belire him as the morning star, To inake him an appendix of my plot. | And shouts of joy salute him from afar: His zeal to Heaven made hiin his prince despise, Each house receives him as a guardian god, And load his person with indignities.
And consecrates ibe place of his-abode. But zeal peculiar privilege atlords,
But hospitable Treats did most commend Indulging latitude to decds and words:
Wise Issachar, his wealthy western friend, And Corih might for Agag's murder call, This moving court, that calight the people'seves, In terms as coarse as Samuel usd to Saul. And soomid but pomp, did other ends disguise; What others in his evidence did join,
Achitophel had form'd it, with intent The best that could be had for love or coin, | To sound the depths, and fathom where it went : In Corah's own predicament will fall;
The people's hearts, distinguish friends from foes, For Witness is a cominon name to all.
And try iheir strength before they came to blows. Surrounded thus with friends of ev'ry sort, Yet all was color'd with a smooth pretence Deluded Absalom forsakes the court : " Otspecious love and duty to their prince. Impatient of high hopes, lirg'd with renown, Religion, and redress of grievances, • . And fir'd with near possession of a crown, | Two names that always cheat and always please, Th'admiring crowd are dazzled with surprise, Are often urg'd; and good king David's life And on his poudly person feed their eyes. . Endanger'd by a brother and a wife: " His joy conccal'd, he sets hinnself to show;" | Thus in a pageant show a plot is made; Qn each side bowing popularly low : , And peace itself is war in masquerade.
Oh foolish Israel! never warn'd by ill ! 1 Yet some there were, ev'n in the worst of days ;
In this short file Barzillai first appears;
Barzillai, crowu'd with honor and with rears. Take pains contingent mischiefs to foresce; Long since, the rising rebels he withstood Make heirs for monarchs, and for God decree? In regions waste berond the Jordan's flood : What shall we think? Can people give away, Unfortunately brave to buoy the siate; Both for themselves and sons, their native sway? But sinking underncath his master's fate : Then they are left defenceless to the sword In exile with his godlike prince le mourn'd; Of each unbounded arbitrary lord :
For him he sufferd, and with him return'd.". And laws are vain, by which we right enjoy, The court he practis'il, not the courtier's art : If kings unquestion'd can those laws destroy. Large was his wealth, but larger was his heart. Yet if the crowd he judge of fit and just,
Which well the noblest objects knew to choose, And hings are only others in trust,
The fighting warrior, and recording Muse. Then this resuming cor'nant was declar'd His bed could once a fruitful issue boast; When kings were made, or is for ever barr'd. Now more than half a father's name is lost. If those who gave the sceptre could not lie His eldest hope, with ev'ry grace adorn'd, By their own deed their own posperity,
By me (so Heaven will have it always mourn'd How then could Adam bind his future race ? 1 And always honord, snatch'd in manhood's How could his forfeit on mankind take place? B'unequal fates, and providence's crime: [prime Or how could heavenly justice damn us all, Yet not before the goal of honor won, . Who ne'er consented to our father's fall ? 1 All parts fulltill’d of subject and of son : Then kings are slaves to those whom they com
Swift was the race, but short the time to run. S mand,
Oh narrow circle, but of pow'r divine, And tenants to their people's pleasure stand. Scanted in space, buit perfect in thy line! Add, that the pow'r for property allow'd By sea, by land, thy mitchless worth was known, Is inischievously seated in the crowd :
Arms thy delight, and war was all thy own : For who can be secure of private right, Thv force infus'd the tainting Tyrians proppd; If covereign sway may be dissolvd by unight? And haughty Pharaoh found hisfortune stopp'd. Nor is the people's judgement always true : Oh antient honor! 'oh unconquer'd hand, The most may err as grossly as the few; | Whom foes unpunish'd never could withstand! And faultless kings run down by common cry, (But Israel was unworthy of his name: For vice, oppression, and for tyranny,
Short is the date of all immoxi'rate fanic. What standard is there in a fickle rout,
It looks as Heaven our ruin had design'd, Which, flowing to the mark, runs faster out? | And durst not trust thy fortune and thy mind. Nor only crowds, but sanhedriins may be Now, free from earth, thy disencumber'd soul Infected with this public lunacy,
Mounts up, and leaves behind the clouds and And share the madness of rebellious times,
starry pole : To murder monarchs for imagin'd crimes. From thence thy kindred legions may'st thou If they may give and take whene'er they please, bring, . Not kings alone, the Godhead's images, To aid the guardian angel of thy king. But governinent itself, at length must fall | Here stop, my Muse, here cease thy painful Aight: To nature's state, where all have right to all.. No pinions can pursue immortal height: Yet, grant our lords the people kings can Tell good Barzillai thou canst sing no more, make,
And iell thy soul she should have Aed before : What prudent men a settled thronewould shake? Or fied she with his life, and left this verse For whatsoe'er their sufferings were before, To hang on ber departed poron's hearse ? That change they covet inakes they suffer more. Vow take thy steepy flight from heaven, and see All other errors but disturb å state;
If thou canst find on earth another he: But innovation is the blow of fate. "
Another he would be too hard to find ; If antient fabrics nod, and threat to fall, Sce then whom thou canst see not far behind. To patch their flaws, and buttress up the wall, Zarloc the priest, whom, shunuing pow'r and Thus far 'tis duty : but here fix the märk;.
place, . For all beyond it, is to touch tlie ark. : | His lowly mind advanc'd to David's grace. To change foundations, cast the frame ancw;. With him the Sagan of Jerusalem, Is work for rebels, who base ends pursue, Of hospitable' soul, and noble stein ; At once divine and human laws control, Hiin of the western dome, whose weighty sense And mend the parts by ruin of the whole. Flows in fit words and heaveniv eloquence. The tamp'ring world is subject to this curse, The prophet's sons, by such example led, To physic their disease into a worse.
To learning and to loralty were bred : Now what relief can righteous David bring? For colleges on bounieous kings depend; llow fatal 'tis to be too good a king! . And never rebel was to aris a friend.. Friends he has few, so high the madness grows; To these succeed ihe pillars of the laws ;. Who dareş be such must be the people's foes. Who best can plead, and best can jullgr, a cause:
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