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to discuss the evils of party-spirit
Strictures on party-spirit continued.
Sir Roger and the gypsies
Large books versus pamphlets and newspapers .
Effect of the newly-imposed stamp duty on periodical publica-
tions. The Spectator defends his non-partisan course.
The Spectator defends the raised price.
Precedence in literature
Signor Nicolini and his lions
Artifices of the dramatic poets
The trunk-maker at the theatre
Stage properties : dramatic critics.
Over-crowding of the learned professions
On party patches
On country manners
The same subject
On pin money.
The false rumor
A friend of mankind brought to grief by an alchemist.
The vision of public credit.
The Royal Exchange.
The Tory fox-hunter..
NOTES TO MACAULAY'S ESSAY ON ADDISON
It is coming to be understood that the object of education is rather the attainment of power than the acquisition of knowledge. To know either many things or very much about any one thing is less important than to know how to do things. The recognition of this principle is transforming methods of teaching in all departments. Research is the new watchword. Once regarded as the special function of the most advanced students, research is now seen to be the proper activity even of children in the lower grades. The elation of discovery is the best stimulus for minds of all classes and at all stages.
How to apply the principles of research to the teaching of literature is now the main problem to be solved in the department of English. Once it was the custom to give students of literature books to learn about authors. Then the manuals and histories of literature were displaced, and the masterpieces themselves were introduced into the schools, to be read and expounded in recitation. The ancient practice of annotating Latin and Greek texts for school use was allowed to set the example for books in the mother tongue, and these too appeared, and are still wont to appear, with explanations and definitions to facilitate the getting of lessons.