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SERIES II. Hyporhodii.

Sub-genus VOLVARIA. 59 A. BOMBYCINUS. Schoff. 3–6. 4-6. .

Pileus fleshy, when young very obtusely campanulate, then expanded and plane, beautifully silky, not viscid, crumb of bread colour; gills ventricose, free, white, then pink, at length brownish; stem firm, attenuated upwards; volva forming a flaccid cup at the bottom of the stem. Growing gregariously on a heap of compost by the road side near Eccleston, June, 1856. The dimensions correspond with those given by Fries in S.M., but A. bombycinus is said to grow upon trees. Scheffer's plate of A. bombycinus does not indicate the peculiarly beautiful cylindrico-campanulate form of the Eccleston plant when young.

00 A. SPECIOSUS. Fries. 5. 4. above, below.

Pileus obtusely conic, becoming expanded and broadly umbonate, very viscid, greyish white, centre yellowish from the thickened slime ; gills broad, ventricose, free, pale, then rose colour, brownish inclining to cinnamon when dry; stem smooth, straight, firm, slightly attenuated upwards; subbulbous; volva not distinctly lobed. Spores elliptic, clouded with pinkish olive. •00063. Basidia almost immersed, apices hemispherical. Solitary, amongst grass watered by a drain, New Brighton.

Sub-genus PLUTEUS. 01 A. (Ervinus. Fries. Ep. 3—5. 2–4. 1-3.

Pileus fleshy, at first oval, then broadly convex, often silky, when young nearly black, then umber or smoky brown; gills ventricose, free, remote when dry, pale, changing to rose. Spores broadly elliptic. :0004. Basidia conspicuous. A Pluteus. E.F. About saw-pits, and rotten stumps ; common throughout the year.

Sub-genus ENTOLOMA. 02 A. SERICELLUS. Fries. 2. 1 line.

Pileus thin, pale, silky but not very smooth; gills delicate rose-colour; stem white.

In woodlands, amongst grass. Knowsley. Stourton.

63 A. RHODOPOLIUS. Fries. 2-4. 1-3. 5-1.

Pileus rather fleshy, nearly plane, satiny, very dark brown, paler when dry; gills broad, grey, changing to rose; stem firm, often dusted at the apex with rose-coloured spores; odour nitrie. Spores many angled, nucleus round. 0004.

Pastures. Flaybrick, Rainhill, &c.

04 A. CLYPEATUS. Fries Ep. rar. MAMMOSUS, Bolt. 3-1. 1–3. }.

Pileus fleshy, strongly umbonate, mouse grey, sometimes with a shade of rose; odour mealy. Spores many angled, nucleus round. 0005. Pastures. Rainhill, Knowsley, &c.

65 A. COSTATUS. Fr. Ep.

Pileus thin, somewhat oval or expanded, hygrophanous, dark livid brown; stem hollow, pale, squamulose at the apex; gills slightly adnexed, pale, then rose-coloured ; odour none; whole plant very fragile. Common in pastures. Rainhill, &c.

Sub-genus LEPTONIA. 66 A. CHALYBECS. Pers. 1-11. 4. 1 line.

Pileus dark blue, scaly; stem firm, steel-blue, base downy. A small group occurred in a pasture, Rainhill, October, 1857.

Sub-genus NOLANEA.

67 A. PASCUUS. Pers. 1--3. 1-11. 1-2 lines.

Pileus campanulate, then expanded, brown and striate when moist, pale when dry; gills dirty flesh-colour; stem slender,

lose. Spores irregularly_globose. 00045. A variable plant, of which, according to Fries, ten distinct varieties may be recognized. Odour always like that of fresh meal. Pastures; very common.

SERIES III. Dermini.

Sub-genus PHOLIOTA.

Humigenei--growing on the ground. 68 A. AUREUS. Mathusk. 4-6. 4-6. -1.

Pileus fleshy, convex, golden tawny with redder adpressed scales or streaks; gills nearly of the same colour; veil forming a ring near the apex of the stem. A conspicuously gay looking species, growing not unfrequently in large tufts on stumps in woods.

69 A. PRÆCOX, Pers. 1-2. 1-2. 1

Pileus fleshy, convex, then nearly plane, pale buff; gills pale purplish brown, subdecurrent with a tooth. Pastures and sides of lanes. Spittal. Rainhill.

70. A. SPHALEROMORPHUS. Fr. Ep. 1–5. 1-14. 1 line.

Pileus thin, convex, then plane or depressed, hygrophanous, yellowish olive; gills clouded, pale purple brown. In dry situations amongst moss it has a ring moderately persistent. It is, however, remarkable for its aquatic habits, often growing upon floating Sphagnum or Hypnum cuspidatum. var. A. procox. E.F. Abundant in the pools on Sutton Moss.

Truncigenei-growing on wood. 71. A. PUDICUS. Fries. Ep. 1-3. 2—3.

Pileus white, with a tinge of yellow; stem curved; ring
reflexed; whole plant remarkably firm and dry; tufted.
A. caperatus. E.F. On an elder stump near the village of
Morton, Cheshire.

72 A. SQUARROSUS. Müll. 2-4. 3—4. 1-1.

Saffron coloured, rough with large brownish scales, except on the stem above the ring; tufted; very handsome. On stumps. Rainhill. Runcorn.

73 A. ADIPOSUS. Batsch.

Croft. The Rev. Thos. P. Kirkman.

74 A MUTABILIS. Scheff. 2—4. 243. 6

Pileus smooth, centre brownish orange, margin yellow, often watery; gills cinnamon; stem scaly below; tufted. Spores elliptical, annulus dark. 00033. On stumps. Huyton Quarry, Knowsley, &c.

Muscigenei-growing on moss, or on the roots of grass. 75 A. MESODACTYLIUS. Berkeley. 24. 1. 1 line.

Pileus obtusely conic, hygrophanous, apex umber, margin expanded, striate, pale; stem flexuous; ring central, deeply striate within; solitary. No. 329 of the series in the Annals. A few specimens have occurred amongst grass in my own garden, Rainhill.

Sub-genus HEBELOMA.

Inocybe-pileus fibrous or fibrilloso-squamose, dry. 76 A. LANUGINOSUS. Bull. 1-2. 1. 1-2 lines.

Pileus subcarnose, hemispherical, downy, greyish brown; gills pale; stem pruinose at the apex. Woods. Knowsley,

Croxteth, &c.

77 A. MARITIMUS. Fr. Ep. 1–21. 1-2. 4.

Pileus convex, then nearly plane, hygrophanous; margin often deflexed; gills adnate, at length dark cinnamon; stem solid, fibrillose. The colour of the plant varies from umber to light bay; when quite dry it is often covered with a whitish bloom. Very common at Crosby, Formby, and along the coast.

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Pileus campanulate, then expanded, umbonate, dusky brown, cracked radiately, sometimes also concentrically; stem fibrous, mealy. Common in pastures, under trees. A yellowish

variety, nearly entire, occurs at Croxteth. 79 A. GEOPHYLLUS. Sow. 1-2. 4-1 1-2 lines.

Pileus bluntly conic, then expanded, with a prominent umbo, often rimose, satiny, white, lilac, or pale brown; gills greyish brown. Woods and gardens in many places.


Hymenocybe-pileus smooth, sub-viscid; gills inclining to watery cinnamon. 80 A, FASTIBILIS. Pers. 144. 1–31. 4-5.

Pileus convex, at length nearly plane, fleshy, pale ochraceous; stem firm, sub-bulbous, with fibrous scales; veil forming a moderately persistent ring; odour disagreeable. On banks

and in woods; not very common. 81 A. CRUSTULINIFORMIS. Bull. 1–2 1–2.

Differs from A. fastibilis in its closer gills and in the veil, which is perceptible only in very young specimens. Common in sandy hollows from Waterloo to Crosby.

Sub-genus NAUCORIA. 82 A. MELINOIDES. Bull. 1-2. 1-1. 1 line.

Pileus sub-carnose, hemispherical, or with a broad umbo, smooth, hygrophanous, tawny bay when moist, ochraceous when dry; gilis adnate, ventricose ; stem hollow. Pastures.

Knowsley, &c. 83 A. FURFURACEUS. Pers. 142. 141. 1 line.

Pileus convex, then quite expanded, hygrophanous, margin shewing the gills beneath, cinnamon, when dry pale buff, sometimes minutely scaly. Spores elliptic. :0004. *Common on sticks and chips throughout the year.

Sub-genus GALERA. 84 A. TENER. Scheff. 3–5. 1 high and broad. 1 line.

Pileus submembranaceous, semioval, hygrophanous, cinnamon, pale when dry; gills cinnamon; stem ferruginous, with a whitish gloss. Spores elliptic, highly coloured, with a hilum at each end. 00066. Whole plant fragile. On dungy ground, by way sides in many places.


85 A. HYPNORUM. Batsch. 1. 2-4 lines. line.

Pileus membranaceous, striate, hygrophanous, hemispherical
or expanded, smooth; stem flexuous; gills adnate, rather dis-
tant, pale cinnamon. A. pusiolum, Fr. Ep., probably may be
amongst the plants I have regarded as belonging to this
species. Moist places on moss; very common.

3. .


Eudermini-pileus horizontal, sub-carnose. 86 A. PALMATUS. E. F. 1.

Pileus when young firm, at length subgelatinous, colour of
cedarwood ; epidermis disposed in beautiful reticulations ;
gills thick, radiating from a collar. Spores rough, round,
yellow. :00025. Imbricated. On a squared post in the lane
leading from Broad Green to Woolton, two years in succession.
There is difficulty with respect to the synonyms of this inte-
resting and rare species, the colour and spores of which seem
to indicate an affinity with genus LACTARIUS.

87 A. MOLLIS. Schaeff.

Pileus 1—3 broad, 1—2 from the base to the apex, fleshy,
flaccid, then dry and tough, downy when young, hygro-
phanous, pallid; gills watery, then brownish grey. Spores
elliptic. 00045. Common by saw-pits and on fallen timber.

Hypodermini-pileus resupinate, then reflexed, sub-membranaceous. 88 A. VARIABILIS, Pers.

Pileus 4-1 broad, membranaceous, downy, white; gills
pinkish. On small sticks in moist places. Rainhill. Patrick
Wood. Croxteth.

SERIES IV. Pratellæ.

Sub-genus PSALLIOTA.
Lepiotidea-hymenophore discrete from the stem; gills free.
89 A. ARVENSIS. Scheff. 2-1. 3—12. 1–2.

Pileus very thick and fleshy, smooth or scaly, subglobose, then
expanded; gills pale, at length dark purple brown. Dis-
tinguished from the next species by its pale gills, and fre-
quently in age by its yellowish stains; it is also a larger and
coarser plant. A. Georgii. E.F. Commonly known as white
caps, or horse mushroom. Pastures. Halsnead. Common in


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