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90 A. CAMPESTRIS. L. 243. 245. t.

Pileus fleshy, white, stained in age with reddish brown; epidermis often overhanging the margin; gills free, pink, at length purple brown. Commonly known as the mushroom. Found in gardens and in pastures occasionally, but not abundantly, north of the Mersey. Very plentiful in some parts of the Wirrall.

Pholiotideihymenophore contiguous with the stem; gills more or

less adnexed. 91 A. SEMIGLOBAtus. Batsch. 2–6. 1–11. 1-1} lines.

Pileus hemispherical, even, slimy or viscid, yellow; gills broad, sub-horizontal, dark purple brown; stem very slimy, or viscid. Spores elliptic, dark. 0008. Poisonous. Pastures, on dung; very common.

92 A. ÆRUGINOSUS. Curt. 1–3. 1-4. 6.

Pileus fleshy, rather thin, convex, then expanded, yellowish but often covered with blue slime, making it appear bluish green; gills pale purple brown ; stem fibrillose, scaly, bluish green. Under favourable circumstances the pileus is dotted with white warts, and in this state the plant is one of the most beautiful of the Agarics. Very common in gardens, woods, and pastures.

Sub-genus HYPHOLOMA. 93 A. SUBLATERITIUS. Fr. Ep. 3—6. 2—5. 6.

Pileus when young downy, centre bright tawny-red, margin sulphur or citrine-yellow; gills greenish sulphur; stem often becoming stained with red. Spores slightly gibbous, nucleated. ·00033. Tufted or solitary. A. lateritius. E.F. Woods, and about stumps ; not uncommon.

94 A. FASCICULARIS. Huds. 248.

1-2. 2-3 lines. Pileus at first oval, centre tawny, margin sulphur; gills sulphur, soon assuming a greenish tint, at length dingy olive; stem sulphur or greenish ; densely tufted. Spores slightly gibbous, nucleated. .00035. Stumps, gate-posts, roots of trees, everywhere. The most common of all the Agarics.


Bull. 2-3. 2-4. . Pileus fleshy, thickly fibrillose, dull reddish brown; sub-hygrophanous; gills mingled grey and brown, at length very dark, margin sometimes beaded with drops; stem fistulose, within pale umber. Spores broadly fusiform, very dark. 0005. Gardens, orchards, and hedges, common.


96 A. CANDOLLIANUS. Fries. 248. 243. -1.

Pileus thin, delicate, convex, then nearly phane, dirty white; gills free, very narrow, white, then pink; stem striate. Under hedges early in Autumn. Rainhill. Croxteth.

Sub-genus PSILOCYBE.

Rigidistem brittle; pileus hygrophanous. 97 A. SPADICEUS. Fries. Ep. 4–5. 1--3. 2 lines.

Pileus soon fully expanded, centre tawny brown, margin appearing striate; gills dark purple brown; stem glossy white, umber within; densely tufted. A. stipatus. E.F. On stumps.

var. b. E.F. 4. 1 broad and high. line.

Pileus campanulate; gills ascending, greyish brown. Solitary.
Lanes and gardens.

var. c. E.F. 2. 2. 2-3 lines.

Pileus nearly plane, ochraceo-fuscous; gills clouded; stem mealy. Garden of I. Byerly, Esq., Seacombe.

Tenaces-stem flexible; pileus viscid when moist. 98 A. SEMILANCEATUS. Fries Ep. 2–5. } broad, f high. 1 line.

Pileus conico-campanulate with an apiculate umbo, margin often contracted, pale ochraceous, viscid or shining; stem tough. Spores elliptic, a hilum at each end. *0006. Very common in pastures, and by way sides.

Sub-genus PSATHYRA. 99 A. FIBRILLOSUS. Pers. 3. 1 broad, high. 2 lines.

Pileus thin, semioval, fibrillose, hygrophanous; gills grey, at length dark; stem squamulose. Hangsdale's Wood. Knowsley.

Sub-genus PANOLUS. 100 A. SEPARATUS. 3–6. 1-1} broad and high. 1-1} lines. 101 A. FIMIPUTRIS. Bull. 2-6. 12 broad and high. 1-2 lines.

Pileus semioval, opaque, glazed, clay-coloured, often marked with shallow wrinkles and covered with a sooty film; gills ascending, nearly black. A. semiovatus. E.F. Common in

pastures on dung

Pileus campanulate, blackish grey with brown shades, margin often delicately fringed; gills ascending, very dark; stem rufescent with a white bloom, often shewing traces of a ring. Spores very broadly fusiform, nearly black, .00066. Very common on horse-dung.

Sub-genus PSATHYRELLA. 102 A. GRACILIS. Pers. 11-3. 1-). El line.

Pileus thin, campanulate, pale or dingy brown; gills ventricose, margin rose coloured. Lane near Acorn-field Wood. By a sawpit near St. Helens.


Pers. 1-2. 3-4 lines. } line. Pileus ovato-campanulate, striate, frosted, pale fawn, or greyish. Very beautiful, but extremely perishable, soon becoming flaccid. Gregarious. Hundreds on a stump, Rainhill. Thousands covering a bank, Croxteth.


Series. I. Pelliculosi.

Comativolva concrete with the epidermis of the pileus, at length torn

into scales. 104 C. COMATUS. Müll. 4-10. 3—5 high, 2 broad.

Pileus cylindrical, fringed to the apex with whitish cottony scales; gills white, becoming pink and at length black ; stem white, hollow, with a loosely woven thread down the centre. Spores elliptical. .0006. Common in gardens and waste places. A specimen occurred at Bold, 16 inches in length,

Atramentariivolva none; pileus minutely scaly. 105 C. ATRAMENTARIUS. Bull. 1-6. 2–3 high, 2—4 broad.

Pileus conical or oval, plaited or lobed, at length expanded, with the margin curled upward, grey or brownish ; gills purple brown, margin white. Spores subfusiform, very dark. *0004. When young the plant is firm and heavy, the margin of the pileus reaching to the bottom of the stem, Gregarious or tufted. Very common in gardens and waste places.

Tomentosiscales of the pileus floccose, or easily separating. 106 C. FIMETARIUS. L. 4-6. 1-2. 2 lines.

Pileus very delicate, semi-transparent, soon inverted, plicate, squarros grey; apex bald ; gills linear; stem scaly. Spores broadly fusiform. **00043. A. cinereus. E.F. On compost, sawdust, and by way sides; common.


107 C. NIVEUS. Pers. 2—4. . line.

Pileus conico-campanulate extremely delicate, soon inverted, covered with snowy-white powder. On horse-dung. Rainhill. Eastham.

Micacei-pileus covered with glittering granules. 108 C. MICACEUS. Bull. 245. 1-1} broad and high. 2 lines.

Pileus half oval, striate, furrowed, frosted, fawn, apex darker, margin grey. Roots, bottom of posts, and under trees; very


SERIES II. Veliformes

Cyclodeistem furnished with a volva, or a ring. 109 C. HENDERSONI. Berk. 1-11. 2–4 lines. line.

Pileus very fragile; stem furnished with a graceful (moveable ?) ring. Rare. Pasture, Rainhill, on horse-dung. October, 1856.

& b. Lanatuli-pileus covered with superficial flocci. 110 C. RADIATUS. Bolt. 1. 1-2 lines. } line.

Pileus furrowed, often split into many segments; pale brown.
On horse-dung, in a plantation, Rock Ferry.

Furfurelli-furfuraceous or micaceous ; apex of the stem generally dilated

into a ring. 111 C. EPHEMERUS. Bull. 1—3. 1). 1 line.

Resembling C. fimetarius, smaller; gills more distant; stem smooth. Dungy places near the coast. Crosby. New Brighton.

112 C. PLICATILIs. Sow. 1-3. 1-1. į line.

Pileus delicate, plicate, grey, the folds beautifully radiating from a tawny disc, which at length is depressed ; gills fixed to

a ring round the apex of the stem. In grassy places; common. nium copia."-Fries.


113 B. TITUBANS. Bull. 4-5. 1. 1 line.

Pileus convex, soon nearly plane, yellowish, viscid ; gills narrow, pale cinnamon; stem pale yellow; whole plant subdeliquescent, extremely delicate. Pastures. Bold. 'Runcorn.

111. B. VITELLINUs. Pers.

On the bank of the river at Runcorn. The Rev. Thomas P.


Sub-genus PHLEGMACIUM. 115 C. CAPERATUS. Fries. 2–4]. 245. 1-14.

Pileus when young subglobose, then dome-shaped, at length oblate, fleshy, very firm and dry, sub-farinaceous, bright orange tawny; gills when young narrow, then rather broad, close, attenuated at both ends, pale buff, then cinnamon ; volva floccose, sheathing the stem, apparently concrete with the epidermis of the pileus, unbroken in a specimen 34 inches in diameter, portion between the margin of the pileus and the stem coarsely flocculose and strongly plicate, same colour as the pileus, paler below, forming upon the stem reticulations like those upon the stem of Boletus edulis; stem ventricose, then cylindrical, very firm; odour like that of oranges. Spores subfusiform. *00045. Gregarious or tufted. The above description applies to specimens of this magnificent Agaric gathered under trees in a stony place in the park at Bromborough. A specimen was sent to the Rev. M. İ. Berkeley, by whom it was identified. The species is announced as an addition to the British Flora, and figured in the “Botany of the

Eastern Borders,” by Dr. Johnston, 1853. Note.-Cortinarii Mycologos maxime vexarunt." Stupenda formarum peraffi

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116 C. MULTIFORMIS. Fries. 2–3. 21—3}. .

Pileus convex, viscid, pale yellowish; gills close, slightly serrated, whitish, then dull cinnamon; stem attenuated below, whitish, yellow within, not viscid. 4. turbinatus. Sow. Knowsley.

117 C. CALLOCHROUS. Pers. 1-3. 3—4. 1-1.

Pileus fleshy, viscid when moist, convex, dark tawny; gills violet, then ferruginous; stem somewhat bulbous, tinged with violet, lower half like very soft white kid leather. Woods. Eastham. Runcorn. Knowsley.

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