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were so deep-rooted, could ever, though restored again, have reigned otherwise than tyrannically.

Of the Eikon Basilike, Milton says, that it had the same effect upon the affections of the English, as the famous will of Julius Cæsar had on those of the Roman people. It is said to have passed through fifty editions, at home and abroad, in one year. It has been attributed to bishop Gander ; probably without rea

From the defence of it by Wagstaffe, one would be induced to infer, that the king himself was the author. There are many occasional pieces of Charles in the collection of his works in folio.


Though the extracts already given from Milton may be deemed sufficient for the purpose I have in view, I shall venture to select one

Milton was accused of expressing himself too bitterly in controversy. He excuses himself from the example of the apostles, and of Christ himself, from his natural temperament, and from the interests of truth, which demand the high tone of enthusiasm and zeal. The passage is taken from his Apology for



Smectymnuus ; and might have been inserted under that article; but it will come better here, as a sort of emollient to the preceding.

If the question were in oratory, whether a vehement vein throwing out indignation or scorn upon an object that merits it, were among the aptest ideas of speech to be allowed, it were my work, and that an easy one, to make it clear both by the rules of best rhetoricians, and the famousest examples of the Greek and Roman orations. But since the religion of it is disputed, and not the art, I shall make use only of such reasons and authorities as religion cantiot except against. It will be harder to gainsay, than for me to evince, that in the teaching of men diversly tempered, different ways are to be tried. The baptist, we know, was a strict man, remarkable for austerity and set order of life. Our Saviour, who had all gifts in him, was Lord to express his indoctrinating power in what sort him best seemed; some times by a mild and familiar converse, sometimes with plain and impartial home-speaking, regardless of those whom the auditors might think he should have had in more respect; otherwhiles with bitter and ireful rebukes, if not teaching, yet leaving excuseless those his wilful impugners. What was all in him, was divided among many others, the teachers of his church; some to be severe, and even of a sad gravity, that they may win such, and check sometimes those who be of nature over confident and jocond; others were sent more cheerful, free, and still as it were at large, in the midst of an untrespassing honesty: 'that they who are so tempered may have by whom they might be drawn to salvation, and they who are too scrupulous and dejected of spirit, might be often strengthened with wise consolations and revivings: no man being forced wholly to dissolve that ground-work of nature which God created in him; the sanguine to empty out all his sociable liveliness, the choleric to expel quite the unsinning predominance of his anger ; but that each radical humour and passion, wrought upon and corrected as it ought, might be made the proper mould and foundation of every man's peculiar gifts and virtues. Some also were induedwith a staid moderation and soundness of argument, to teach and convince the rational and sober-minded; yet not therefore that to be thought the only expedient course of teaching; for in times of opposition, when either against new heresies arising, or old corruptions to be reformed, this cool unpassionate mildness of positive wisdum, is not enough to damp and astonish the proud resistance of carnal and false doctors, then (that I may have leave to soar awhile as the poets use) zeal, whose substance is ethereal, arming in complete diamond, ascends his fiery chariot, drawn with two blazing me

teors, figured like beasts, but of a higher breed than any the zodiac yields, resembling two of those four which Ezekiel and St. John saw the one visaged like a lion, to express power, high authority, and indignation; the other of countenance like a man, to cast derision and scorn upon perverse and fraudulent seducers. With these the invincible warrior, Zeal, shaking loosely the slack reins, drives over the heads of scarlet prelates, and such as are insolent to maintain traditions, bruising their stiff necks under his faming wheels. Thus did the true prophets of old combat with the false; thus Christ himself, the fountain of meekness, found acrimony enough to be still galling and vexing the prelatical pharisees. But ye will say, these had immediate warrant from God to be thus bitter; and I say, so much the plainlier is it proved, that there may be a sanctified bitterness against the enemies of truth.

15. A Treatise of Civil Power in Ecclesiastical Causes; shewing that it is pot lawful for any Power on earth to compel in matters of Religion.

16. Considerations touching the likeliest

means to removing Hirelings out of the Church &c.

17. The present Means and brief Delineation of a free Commonwealth; easy to be put in practice, and without delay; in a Letter to General Monk. Published from the Manuscript.

18. The ready and easy Way to establish a free Commonwealth, and the Excellencies thereof compared with the Inconveniencies and Dangers of re-admitting Kings in this Nation.

19. Brief Notes upon a late Sermon, intitled, The Fear of God and the King, preached and since published by Mathew Griffith, D. D. and Chaplain to the late King, wherein many notorious Wrestlings of Scripture, and other Falsities, are observed.

20. Accedence commenced Grammar; supplied with sufficient Rules for the Use of such as, younger or elder, are desirous, without more Trouble than needs, to attain the Latin Tongue; the elder sort especially with little teaching, and their own Industry.

21. The History of Britain, that Part especially now called England; from the first traditional Beginning, continued to the Norman Conquest. Collected out of the ancientest

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