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and unity with the Soul, which is one in its es.. sence, faculties, acts; one with Truth--dise cussed by the Right Honorable Robert, Lord Brook, in a Letter to a private Friend." .

The Difference betwixt Knowledge and Affection


It may be that what hath been disputed will be granted; but there is yet an objection which requireth solution.

Object. If all being differeth only in degrees, not nature; if knowledge, affection, light, activity, bę all one; whence is it that even amongst christian men, holy, spiritual men, men of largest affections, (and the affections are the activity, the main of the soul) I say men of the largest affections are esteemed to know least of God. And others, whose affections are, as it were, benumbed, and all activity is placed in their brain, understand more of the divine nature?

Doth it not appear from hence, say they, that all being is 'not one, differing only in degrees: but that there are even different natures, amongst which one may excel, whilst the other is deprest?

Sol. I could tell these men, who start the objection, that they deem the light in the head more than the love in the heart; and then I shall say, .

that with them the head is the higher degree, the heart the lower degree of light, and so all is but a different light; from whence affection, being judyment in its infancy, ceaseth when knowledge groweth mature: as the heat and blaze of fire is but its labouring towards purity and perfection, which therefure are no more when the clear flame reacheth its element. But other men think otherwise, and they do pitch all in the affections, and the meaner light in the understanding; and so turning the table, still one shall be the parcel of, or a step to the other, and each carry along both in equal measure, according to reality: how much true affection, so much know, ledge: and vice versá; as I shall shew in other two answers, on which I fix the strength of my thoughts in this point. And therefore,

Secondly, I affirm confidently, and I hope truly, that he who soars upon the wings of affection, and laying himself in the arms of Jesus Christ, though he amuse not his head with the mystical nature of the Trinity, with the procession of the spirit, with the incarnation of Jesus Christ, attempting to make that holy pil, touching the ark, this glory which is too high for him, losing himself while he laboureth to see how human nature can be raised so high, divine condescend so low, as to bring forth the hypostatical union; I say, such a one knoweth more of God than the other.

It is often seen, a working head is like an over hot liver, burneth up the heart, and so ruineth both: whereas sweet humble affections are the only way to keep the poor creature in a constancy of spiritual health. And in this care the apostle to Titus forbids “ foolish questions, endless genealogies, contentions, and brawlings about the law.” .

This law is the rule of life; and if we know not the law, we cannot keep the law, and so we must perish; and yet we find the search of this forbidden.

Ohjcct. Some will say here is meant the ceremonial law.

Ans. I will allow it; but is not the ceremonial included under the second precept? The people upon

Christ's sermon, wherein he taught, that “ he that . looketh on a woman, to lust after her, hath com

mitted adultery with her in his heart,” (and so he gave the law its full latitude) say, “ he speaketh as one that hath authority, and not as the Scribes and Pharisees :" conceiving it their duty and happiness to know the law in its utmost limits; and yet we are restrained from any brain-head, nice enquiry, even into the law, scil. not to bụsy our heads with the knowing part, in over great proportion, but labour to bring our knowledge to practice.

If then all such knowledge (I mean all knowledge of this-nature) be forbidden, it is because it is not good; it is not knowledge, but a vain tumour instead of real greatness or growth; and that other of the affection, hath certainly more of God in it, and so more of truth.

· The apostle is so great an enemy to this kind of knowledge, that having disputed such a point in disdain of gain-sayers, he concludeth, “ if any man lust to be contentious, we have no such custom, nor the churches of God."

Demonstrat quælibet herba Deum. He who, refreshed with the sweet odours, pleased with the various comely shapes of a flower, can say, this is sweet, this is lovely, lovely indeed; yet “ Jesus Christ is a bed of spices, as the lily of the field, the rose of Sharon, sweeter, much sweeter, ten thousand times more lovely”-this man knoweth God, this man loveth God, this man knoweth him indeed; and this knowledge, as it is the most pleasant here, so it will certainly prove the most profitable hereafter, and always declare itself most real.

Doth not the apostle, doth not he most truly, most pathetically cry out; “ though I had the gift of prophecy, and knew all secrets, all knowledge, yea, if I had all faith, so that I could remove mountains, I were nothing; I were as sounding brass, and a tinkling cymbal, if I have not charity.”. When all these excellencies meet in a christian, as haply they may, yet it is charity that maketh him what he is, and the other beings are but as phaleræ, as trappings, which give a handsome set-off, but not a being to a christian.

Love is lovely in gods; he is stiled the God of Love, the God Love. And in another place, the, Scripture affirmeth, that in this we have fulfilled the will of God, if we love one another; for by this we are made one with God, and so dwell in true light.

The two tables are reduced to love of God and our neighbour. So that sweet affections do make the most sweet hạrmony in God's ears. Of the chorus of saints, the greatest number will be found amongst the feminine sex, because these are most naturally capable of affection, and so most apt to nake knowledge real. It is true, I confess, these affections misguided, led them first into transgression; but these same affections after, carried them first to the grave, then to the sight of a Saviour, gave them the enwombing of Christ, who in some sense) might

have entertained our nature in another way (if he had • so pleased), and these affections will ope day raise many of them into the sweet embraces of everlasting


Amongst the church-officers, the pastor and the doctor, according to Timothy, are more eminent than the rest, because they labour in the word and doctrine. Of these two, the doctor is to have his sword always girt about his thigh, he must entes

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