Ritual Revitalisation After Socialism: Community, Personhood, and Conversion Among Roma in a Transylvanian Village
LIT Verlag Münster, 2009 - 230 стор.
Although postsocialist Romania ranks as one of the most religious countries in Europe, the role of religion in public life is relatively little understood. This book investigates a village in Transylvania populated by members of two minority groups, Hungarians and Roma. Religion and ritual provide important resources for individuals and communities seeking to assert themselves publicly. The need for public affirmation among minorities is acute, but the forms of ritual they adopt differ. Some groups are more receptive to the revival of communal rituals and "traditions", whereas for others revitalisation seems to be more effective when it is individually focused through conversion to Pentecostalism. The book demonstrates that, even within a small community, different segments may opt for divergent forms of religious and cultural revival. Whereas Calvinism relies on the affirmation of cultural values to mobilise the faithful, Pentecostalism advocates a new form of moral personhood which is particularly attractive to Roma.
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Religious and Ethnic Divisions in Romania
Strengthening Local Community
Narratives Sincere Hearts and Other
Caught in Family Ties
Spirit in Heart Nation in Village
Transformation of the Postsocialist
Albi’s analysis anthropology argued aspects Bandi baptism buffalo burial Calvinist Calvinist pastor celebration cent chapter Christian Cioabă Cluj confirmation connected context conversion narrative convert cultural Dani Dani’s denominations discussion divisions drinking Eastern Europe elites Emma Nicholson ethnic ethnographic everyday fieldwork folklore forms Fosztó funeral Gánás Gánási godparents Gypsy kings historical Hungarian Hungary ideas identity important interpretation involved Kalotaszeg kings of Romania kinship kirve kirvo Ladányi language lives marriage mass media minority moral non-Roma oath oath-taking organised Orthodox Church Papu peasant Pentecostal Pentecostal assembly people’s performed person personhood political population postsocialist practices priest public sphere regime region relations relationship relatively religion religious religious conversion revitalisation ritual role Roma families Roma groups Romani language Romanian Orthodox Church Romanian Roma Romungre Róza Róza’s social socialist society Stewart structure symbolic Szelényi tion traditions transformation Transylvania underclass Verdery Village Days