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their own country. If we may judge from the meagreness of Mr. O's narrative, he was not favoured with opportunities of exploring recesses closed against the curiosity of other travellers, nor does he seem to be gifted with the faculty of communicatiog interest to
interest to common events or well-known localities, by presenting thein before us in a new and attractive dress. His facetiousness is by no means remarkable either for vivacity or selection, and his political views and reasonings are precisely such as we should have anticipated from the chaplain of a Lord Lieutenant, without either novelty or force to disguise their palpable sycophancy. In addition to these failures, Mr. Ormsby seems to have very strong national partialities; he bitches in the Duke of Wellington on every occasion; and the following section of a letter from Aix-la-Chapelle, will shew his estimate of a personage far too conspicuous to escape notice; but whether the present honest panegyrist has or has not, given a correct portraiture, we shall not venture to decide.
They speak of Lord Castlereagh with the highest admiration of his abilities and esteem for his character. England is, in their eyes, personified by him. As he walks to the hotel, where the respective Ministers assemble, it is impossible to avoid contrasting the unostentatious modesty of his appearance with the splendid dresses and equipages of his compeers. Engrossed by the momentous concerns in which he is engaged, his Lordship seems to banish every other consideration. The people stare at him, but salute hiin respectfully; and it amused me to hear them, unaccustomed to such a freedom from parade and such an air of deep reflection, whisper as he passed, Ah, qu'il est solide! This is indeed an epithet, by which they are apt to designate the generality of Englishmen,-ignorant, how few have similar pretensions. pp. 83, 84.
The observations by which this disinterested eulogy is preceded, are, we venture to affirm, utterly unfounded: contimental politicians do not all agree in applauding the honour and
good faith of England ;' they do not acquit us of selfish views of aggrandizement;' nor do they concede that we have
used with moderation the rights we had acquired by our in• exhaustible'-inexhaustible ! resources and undaunted per
severance.' Mr. Ormsby would have done wisely to have confined this silken adulation to the precincts of the vice-regal court. In the same style he talks of imperishable praise,' as due to the king of Prussia, simply for refusing his consent to the destruction of the monument of Marçeau. At Mentz, our worthy Traveller suffered the citizens to hoax him with the following ridiculous story.
Mayence having been the chief town of one of the departments of France, had, in consequence of the civiland military establishments, an extensive intercourse with that nation, and their departure was ge
nerally regretted on account of the agreeableness of their manners and the circulation of their money. In one trifling particular, a considerable sum was expended. Soon after they had honoured the town with their fraternal embrace, they were invited to a public entertainment. The name of the former Prefect was Jambon; he and his family were universally beloved, and after supper one of the good citizens proposed to drink the health of, Les Jambons de Mayence, les meilleurs au monde ; this was graciously received by the strangers and enthusiastically by the inhabitants. The next morning, every ham to be procured was purchased, and despatched to Paris, as the most acceptable present; and Mayence has been since described, in the Traveller's Guide, as remarkable for the quality of its hams, from thiş accidental and ludicrous occurrence.' pp. 122, 123.
After all, the · Traveller's Guide' is quite right, and Mr. Ormsby will cease to hold his sides at this • ludicrous occur
rence, when we inform him that les jambons de Mayence, are neither more nor less than the Westphalia hạms, of which Mentz was formerly, and we suppose still is, the principal market, and which, moreover, were annually sent, in large quantities, to Paris, If he refuse to believe this on our authority, he may be willing to accept the assurance of Gui Patin, who in one of his letters laments the misfortune of the Cardinal de Retz, ja being compelled to quit Munster in the ham-season,
• Thus, writes that lively bon-vivant,' he will lose the oppor, 'tunity of eating the bams of Westphalia, which we call here
Mentz hạms, (Jambons de Mayence,) because formerly the 'great ham-market was held at Mentz, and the most quantity of
them which is sent to Paris about Easter, is forwarded by Dutch merchants.'
In Metz, whose fortifications he is pleased to assure us, are • iinpregnable,' Mr. Ormsby finds every thing to his owo heart, the Bourbons in high popularity, and Englishmen in fayoyr with the people. At Paris, he found, what we will venture to say ng one but himself ever perceived, au universal sense of obligation
and acknowledgement, thas the great powers of Europe bave acted with an honourable and magnanimous forbearance,' all this, however, is ultimately referred to the influence of the Duke of Wellington, whose name is, it seems, to be transmitted to
posterity as both the conqueror and the benefactor of France !' Then we have the inusty anecdote of Louis XII. and la Trimouille, most felicitously applied to Louis XVIII. and the Bonapartists, and accompanied by the following exquisite, highly Havoured, adipirably apposite, and, beyond all question, perfectly disinterested compliment, apologizing for the conduct of Louis XVIII. In discarding the Ultra-Royalist party, Mr. Ormsby sagaciously hints, that, VOL. XIV. N. S.
• It is not improbable, that the idea might have been suggested during his residence in England by the example of his Royal Highness the Prince Regent, who, under somewhat similar circumstances, from the most pure and patriotic motives, was induced to forego his private predilections and earliest attachments, for what he was convinced would be the most conducive to the prosperity of the empire he was called upon to govern.'
This is quite as good as any thing of the kind that we ever met with, and we take leave of Mr. Ormsby with the full impression of this rich paragraph upon our minds.
Art. IX. Letters from Germany and Holland, during the Years 1813
-1814; containing a detailed Account of the Operations of the British Army in those Countries, and of the Attacks upon Antwerp and Bergen-op-zoom, by the Troops under the Command of
Gen. Sir Thomas Graham, K.B. London. 1820. THESE letters are stated in the editor's preface, to have been
written for the information of friends, by an officer of a Scotch regiinent, who has since paid the debt of nature. There is nothing in the book itself to cast suspicion upon this statement; the varrative is precisely such as might have been anticipated from a plain soldier collecting general facts for the gratification of his correspondents, and forwarding them as occasion offered, without having any leisure time to occupy in brightening his composition or balancing his periods. In a clear and manly style, but with very little profundity of comment or calculation, the writer details the history of the armament which in 1813 was despatched to Stralsund, for the purpose of cooperating with the troops of Bernadotte, of whom he speaks in the following high terms.
• Heterogeneous as the mass of the Crown Prince's army is, his genius is able to wield it with the greatest facility; and all have equal confidence in his political wisdom and military talents. He must be happy whom the poor bless as their father and protector ; and the rich esteem their best friend and brother. If he makes as good a king as he has hitherto done a Crown Prince, fortunate indeed are the people who have chosen him to rule over them, and I trust he too will long enjoy that peace and internal happiness, which his well-regulated mind, that never hesitates in doing what is right, must ever feel. They are much mistaken in England, who think that Bonaparte had any hand in raising him to his present dignity. He owes it to himself alone, and to the good sense of the Swedish people ; who, superior to inveterate habits and rooted prejudices, could look beyond the present moment, and to secure their existence and independence as a nation, elect a stranger for their king, on account of his merit, and perhaps his money; for it is certain that Bernadotte's large fortune, judiciously used, had some effect with those to whom merit was of little avail.'
We do not think it necessary to follow the Author through bis history of the Leipsic campaign, he was not concerned in it, and his narrative is neither distinguished by novelty nor by extraordinary acuteness. After some stay at Stralsund, he embarked for England in his way to Holland, which he reached in December of the same year, and soon after was attached to the army of Sir Thomas Graham. In a letter from Tholen, the writer introduces the following interesting description.
• No attention whatever is paid to religious duties, and although the majority of the people are Presbyterians in name, they might be called Hottentots or Mahometans, from their practice, though, thank God, there are I trust, still many thousands in this country who have not bowed the knee to Baal. The farmers, and those who have lived secluded by their dykes and marshes, are in a great measure still una tainted, and much of the genuine simplicity both of manners and res ligion, which characterized their forefathers, is to be found amongst them.
• On my journey to this place, I was benighted in a sequestered part of the island of Schoen, and obliged to take up my residence at a farm-house. I received a kind welcome from the worthy farmer, and took my seat at the corner of his kitchen fire, one clean and neatly arranged room served both for kitchen and parlour to him and his family. Three or four fine healthy looking children, the gude wife, and two or three servants composed the group. The children employed themselves in reading story.books, and learning their catechism, until supper was produced. Each then got a slice of homemade wheaten bread and butter, well covered over with cheese which had been grated down for the purpose, and this with a small quantity of beer in a wooden bicker (milk being scarce) formed their meal. A roasted fowl, and something very comfortable, was prepared for the stranger, of which the heads of the family partook, the servants, men and women, had the same as the children, though they were allowed to take what quantity they chose of the bread, butter, cheese, and beer.
• After our supper was concluded the oldest son, a boy about ten years of age, was called upon to read a chapter of the Bible, (in Dutch of course) which he did with great feeling
We then knelt down, and the Father prayed in the same language. I almost fancied I was in the bosom of my father's family, and it was certainly one of the happiest evenings I ever spent out of my native vale. After prayer we had a pipe, and then I was conducted to a comfortable bed in the other end of the house, where the room was ornamented with a profusion of old china, and peacock's feathers. Next morning a comfortable breakfast awaited me; after which I took leave of the worthy family, perhaps never more to see them.
• I have been particular in describing this scene, because I have met with an exact counterpart of it in the wilds of Portugal, where except that a homily from one of the Fathers was substituted for the chapter of the Bible, the proceedings and the effects of genuine piety in both cases were unquestionably the same.” pp. 114-118.
The general operations of the little army under the orders of Sir Thomas Grabam, were confined to unimportant movements, and an ineffectual bombardment of the Antwerp fleet, until March, 1814, when the bold but disastrous assault on Bergemop-zoom, was determined on by the British general. This measure bas been much canvassed, and we believe, considered by many, as of very questionable propriety. Without entering into particulars, and premising our opinion, that under the political circumstances of the season, the bazard was altogether unnecessary, we can feel no hesitation in ascribing to the attempt all the merit due to an undertaking daring in its conception, able in its arrangement, and gallant in its execution. On the other hand, it is clear that there were great faults somewhere, and it appears to us that the main error lay in not affording prompt and effectual support to the troops who bád carried the works. At one time, nearly the whole of the ramparts were in our possession, but, most unaccountably, no attempt seems to have been made at entrenthing; the guns of abăutuned batteries were not spiked, and a large body of troops indispensably necessary for the defence of the points occupied, was actually suffered to quit the works without being relieved. The governor, General Bizanet, finding that the advantages gained were not followed up, rallied his garrison, and concentrating his force, attacked, with complete success, the scattered parties of the British who held the ramparts. Individual acts of heroism were unavailing, and the affair concluded in the capture or expulsion of our countrymen with immense loss. A very intelligible account of this melancholy affair will be found in the present volume, to which is prefixed a large and distinct plan of the fortress.
Art. X. The British Botanist, or a Familiar Introduction to the
Science of Botany, explaining the Physiology of Vegetation, the Principles both of the Artificial and Natural
Systems of Linnæus, and the Arrangement of Jussieu, intended chiefly for the use of
young persons. 12mo. 78. 6d. London. 1820. THE science of botany is so attractive, and its elements are so
easily acquired, as to excite some little surprize, that it should not be more frequently included in the common systems of liberal education. It is, we believe, more usually from taste, and feeling, that the pursuit is taken up, than as the effect of early initiation; and yet we can imagine no study more delightful, pone more easy, few more useful, to the young. Connected with the observation of nature in its forms and hues of richest beauty, leading directly to the consideration of the marks of design and skill in the works of creation, and especially tending to train the youthful mind to habits of order, aud to impress