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'he recalled monarch, the brilliant prospects of personal bonour and advantage that opened to the faithful royalists, and the setting up again of all the high places of their intellectual idolatry, would excite in the minds of the church and king party. Mr. Evelyn was but two and twenty when the differences between Charles I. and the Parliament were ripened into a civil war; too young to appreciate the grounds of the quarrel, but just of an age to enter with enthusiasm into the royal cause.

That cause bad acquired a sacredness in his imagination, from the tragical fate of one sovereign, and the adverse fortunes of another, the exiled heir. Charles the First, deposed and in exile, would in time have become an object of as little interest as James the Second was, after bis abdication of the throne; but Charles the Martyr was at once exalted into the saint. Repugnant both to reason and to religion as is so gross a misapplication of the terms, (for Charles's reputed piety could no more constitute him a martyr, than bis tyranny could make him a saint,) it is by a natural operation of feeling that we invest an illustrious sufferer with a character of sanctity: an illusion is thrown over the unearthly object of our reverence, when beheld in the shadowy light of the sepulcbre, which at once heightens its stature, and softens down all the barsher traits of its character. Many a man has awakened simply by his death, emotions the very opposite of those which all the actions of bis life conspired to perpetuate. This was signally the case with Charles 1., who could in vo other way bave won the affections of the subjects he had oppressed; but the short-sighted politicians who condemned him to suffer, did an unintentional service to his fame,' cancelling by that act, at least in the minds of a large proportion of bis former subjects, all bis political delinquencies. In the Blessed Martyr of Mr. Evelyn, we in vain attempt to trace any resemblance to the Charles the First of history. In place of the murdered king, a shadowy abstraction took possession of inen's imaginations, the concrete idea of all that is venerable, captivating, or commanding in the attributes of royalty; and the title of king became itself a higher style in consequence of its association with this ideal object of adulation. Tbat adulation went into the greater excess, because, as being paid to the deceased, it seemed to lose some of the essential meanness of Alattery : it had a shew of disinterestedness and sincerity, which disguised its true character, and thus favoured its most unbounded licence. But this was not all. The monarch was also regarded as invested with a sacerdotal character, as the head of the Anglican Episcopacy, which suffered an eclipse in his downfal, and the devoted loyalty of its members was ultimately blended, therefore, with their religious feelings. During the interregnum, when the use of the Common Prayer Book was prohibited, some of the papists and other sectaries, it seems, used to taunt the good churchmen with the non-visibility of that which, if a part of the true Church, must needs suffer no interruption of existence. Some of our readers may be tempted to smile at hearing the way in wbich this objection was repelled. Sir Richard Browne, Mr. Evelyn's father-in-law, during the whole of his nineteen years' exile,' kept up in his chapel the • Liturgy and Offices of the Church of England, to his no small • bonour, and in a time when it was so low, and, as many • thought, utterly lost, that in various controversies both with • papists and sectaries, our divines used to argue for the visi.bility of the Church, from his chapel and congregation!! No wonder that they should have found in the restoration of the monarchy in the person of Charles II., a parallel to the return of the Jews from the Babylonish captivity.

But there were more rational grounds for rejoicing, or at least for acquiescing in that event. There were sober-minded men who regarded the King's return as the only means of re-establishing a constitutional, in place of a military government. Cromwell was no more, who alone could tame the violence of rival factions, and give bond, by his personal energy, for the security of men's social interests. The wizard was dead, whose spells the army, bis demon servant, obeyed, which now threatened to turn against its masters, and would be exorcised only by the name of king. To escape from the evils of anarchy, or even from the uncertainties of an unsettled government, a very largé portion of the nation would have been glad to submit to almost any arrangement that promised to be permanent; and they suffered themselves to be quietly made over by Monk to a Stuart, without taking a single precaution to secure their dearly purchased liberties. What it was that they had consented to have restored, and wbat they had parted with, it was not long before they were enabled very feelingly to ascertain. A few extracts from subsequent pages of Mr. Evelyn's diary, will place the matter in a sufficiently clear point of view.

" 6 July. [1660. About five weeks after the King's return] His Majestie began first to touch for ye evil, according to costome, thus ; his Martie sitting under his State in ye Banquetting House, the Chirurgeons cause the sick to be brought or led up to the throne, where they kneeling, ye King strokes their faces or cheekes with both his hands at once, at which instant a Chaplaine in his formalities says, “ He put his hands upon them and he healed them.” This is sayd to every one in particular. When they have ben all touch'd they come up againe in the same order, and the other Chaplaine kneeling, and having Angel gold strung on white ribbon on his arme, delivers them one by one to his M’ie, who puts them about the necks of the touched as they passe, whilst the first Chaplaine repeats, “ That is ye true

light who came into ye world." Then follows an Epistle (as at first a Gospell) with the Liturgy, prayers for the sick, with some alteration, lastly ye blessing; and then the Lo. Chamberlaine and Comptroller of the Household bring a basin, ewer and towell, for his Na'tie to wash.'

« 25 Jan. 1661. After divers yeares since I had seen any play, I went to see acted “ The Scornful Lady,” at a New Theater in Lincoln's Inn Fields.'

* 6 Jan. 1662. This evening, according to costome, his Majesty open'd the revells of that night by throwing the dice himselfe in the privy chamber, where was a table set on purpose, and lost his 1001. (The yeare before he won 15001.) The ladies also plaied very deepe. I came away when the Duke of Ormonde had won about 1000l. and left them still at passage, cards, &c. At other tables, both there and at ye Groom-porters, observing the wicked folly and monstrous ex. cesse of passion amongst some loosers ; sorry I am that such a wretched costome as play to that excesse should be countenanc'd in a Court which ought to be an example of virtue to the rest of the kingdome.

• 9. I saw acted “ The 3rd Part of the Siege of Rhodes.” In this acted ye faire and famous comedian call'd Roxalana from ye part she performed; and I think it was the last, she being taken to be the Earle of Oxford's misse (as at this time they began to call lewd women.)

15. There was a general fast thro' ye whole nation, and now celebrated at London, to avert God's heavy judgments on this land. There had fallen greate raine without any crost or seasonable cold, not only in England, but in Sweden, and the most Northern parts, being here neere as warme as at midsommer in some yeares. This solemn fast was held for ye House of Commons at St. Margaret's. Dr. Reeves, Dean of Windsor, preach'd on 7 Joshua, 12. Shewing how y neglect of exacting justice on offenders (by which lie insinuated such of the old King's murderers as were yet reprieved and in ye Tower) was a maine cause of God's punishing a land. He brought in that of the Gibeonites as well as Achan and others, concluding with an eulogie of the Parliament for their loyaltie in restoring ye Bishops and Cleargie, and vindicating the Church from sacrilege.

• 16. This night was acted before his Ma" “ The Widow," a lewd play.'

' 6 April. Being of the Vestry, in the afternoone we order'd that the Communion Table should be set as usual altar-wise, with a decent raile before it, as before the Rebellion.'

17 Aug. Being the Sunday when the Common Prayer Booke reformed and ordered to be used for the future, was appointed to be read, and the solemn League and Covenant to be abjured by all the incumbents of England under penalty of looseing their livings; our Vicar read it this morning.

* 20. There were strong guards in ye Citty this day, apprehending some tumults, many of the Presbyterian ministers not conforming.

21 Dec. One of his Ma'y" Chaplains preach'd, after which, instead of ye antient, grave, and solemn wind musiq accompanying ye organ, was introduc'd a concert of 24 violins betweene every pause, after the French fantastical light way, better suiting a tavern or playhouse than a church.'

These were early days, which exhibited but a sample and earnest of what the nation gained by the restoration of the Court, the Church and the Theatre, and their simultaneous efforts to de-puritanize the community. All was not indeed, even in good Mr. Evelyn's opinion, as it should have been ; but the King smiled upon him, and occupations of the most honourable and patriotic nature now devolving upon him, and engrossing his time, left little leisure for superfluous rumination or boding augury. He dined with the King, or with the Chancellor, or with the Queen Mother, and be went to royal balls and royal theatricals, till he was tired of the hurry of a court life, while at home he received the visits of Majesty and all its satellites. He could now go to church without seeing a me chapic, or one wbose ordination was of doubtful validity, ascend the polpit; he saw Ash Wednesday and Christmas day reinstituted, and the Communion Table again set altar-wise, the Presbyterians turned out, and the carcasses of those arch• rebels Cromwell, Bradshaw, and Ireton dragged out of their

superb tombs in Westminster among the Kings, to Tyburne,

hanged on the gallows there, and then buried in a deep pit. He saw, and he records, these magnanimous triumphs, and could he but feel elated at such a Restoration ? It is a most salutary exercise of the feelings, to compel one's self to think none the worse of a man's integrity, piety, and even amiableness, on account of what seem to us palpable incongruities, but which, perhaps, taking all the circumstances into consideration, do not exceed what may be fairly allowed as the average proportion of human infirmity which forms the set off against the truest excellence of character. In our next Number, we shall endeavour to do justice to Mr. Evelyn's exemplary discharge of all the social relations, bis devout and resigned temper, bis scientific ardour, and his unaffected philanthropy.

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Art. IV. An Autumn near the Rhine ; or Sketches of Courts, Society:

Scenery, &c. in some of the German States bordering on the Rhine.

8vo. pp. 524. London, 1818. THE Rhine, the magnificent Rhine, while its very

name calls up the idea of all that is wild, and rich, and majestic it scenery, formos a kind of central point in our bistorical recollec. tions of marking periods and of illustrious individuals. With. out ascending to the times of romance or plausible conjecture, We

find, at a sufficiently early date of classical history, its banks te: nanted by rude and warlike tribes, whose inroads into Belgic Gaul, stimulated the policy and ambition of Julius Cæsar to lead, for the first time, the Roman armies across the Rhine. The fine, but doubtful campaigns of Drusus and Germanicus were manouvred and fought the adjacent country, in which was also the theatre of the splendid efforts of Arminius to liberate his country from the chains of Rome, Some of the most remarkable events of the reign of Charlemagne were transacted in this quarter ; and the conflicts between his descendants frequently rendered it a troubled scene. In the subsequent stages of Germanic story, the Rhenish territory has always formed a kind of debateable ground on which alien or native armies might contend for the mastery. It did not of course, escape the protracted visitations of the thirty years' war, when Gustavus and his school of warriors traversed Germany from the sea to the Carpathians, and from the Vistula to the Danube. Of the wars between the different Continental states, and between France and Great Britain, these regions have been the frequent field, and have given a melancholy immortality to the naines of Spinola, Farnese, Condé, Luxembourg, Marlborough, Eugene, Villars, and a host of equally illustrious homicides.

The Rhine has seldom, and only for a brief time, served as the boundary of great and powerful nations. In the earlier periods of authentic history we find it bordered by savage tribes, who were at all times ready either to engage in rautual quarrel 'or to range themselves under the command of some powerful or popuJar leader ; and the neighbouring regions still bear testimony to that more recent, and not less turbulent period, when the summits of the Bergstrasse and the Adenwald were crowned with fortresses, whose ruins blend richly with the wild and grand scenery of these romantic tracts, and whose original possessors descended from their mountain fastnesses to encounter each other in fierce rivalry, or to plunder the helpless traveller. Within a narrower limit of commemoration, the Rhenish states have presented the same general aspect of minute and intricate separation, but with a more tranquil and better defined policy, and on the whole, perhaps, with favourable results to the general interests of mankind. Ilad the whole of Germany, for instance, been under the dominion of Austria, the efforts of Luther would probably have been as little successful as were similar attempts in the adjacent country of Bohemia.; but the division of territory, the variety of interests, the difference of policy, and the distinctions of personal character among the reigning monarchs of the Imperial states, afforded favourable opportunities for the introduction and advancement of the reformation, of which the great

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