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PUBLIC ii3... I

9745&SA
ASTOR, LENOX AND
TILDEN FOCALATIONS
B 1938 L

• LONDON : Printed by WILLIAM CLOWES,

Stamford-Sueet.

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Then came old January, wrapped well
In many weeds to keep the cold away ;
Yet did he quake and quiver like to quell;
And blow his nayles to warm them if he may ;
For they were numb’d with holding all the day
An batchet keene, with which he felled wood,
And from the trees did lop the needlesse spray;

Upon a huge great earth-pot steane he stood,
From whose wide mouth there flowed forth the Romane flood.

Spenser. Laus Deo !-was the first entry by entries to the days, and months, and seaserebants and tradesmen of our fore- sons, in “every varied posture, place, fabers' days, in beginning their new and hour." account-books with the new year. Laus Dro! then, be the opening of this vo JANUARY, besides the names already ne of the Every-Day Book, wherein we mentioned, * was called by the Angla take further " note of time," and make

• la vol. i. p. 2. Vol II.-53.

Saxons Giuli aftera, signifying the second zon. The Temperature rises in the day, Giul, or Yule, or, as we should say, the on an average of twenty years, to 40-28°; second Christmas.. or Yule itself much and falls in the night, in the open country, will be observed, when it can be better to 31 36°—The difference, 8:92°, representsaid.

ing the mean effect of the sun's rays for the month, may be termed the solar

variation of the temperature. To this month there is an ode with a

The Mean Temperature of the month, if verse beautifully descriptive of the Roman the observations in this city be included, symbol of the year:t

is 36.34o. But this mean has a range, in "Tis he! the two-fac'd Janus comes in view; termed the lunar variation of the tempera

ten years, of about 10-25°, which may be Wild hyacinths his robe adorn, And snow-drops, rivals of the mora :

ture. It holds equally in the decade, He spurns the goat aside,

beginning with 1797, observed in LonBut smiles upon the new

don, and in that beginning with 1807, in Emerging year with pride :

the country. In the former decade, the And now unlocks, with agate key, month was coldest in 1802, and warmest The ruby gates of orient day.

in 1812, and coldest in 1814. I have likewise shown, that there was a tendency

in the daily variation of temperature CLIMATE,

through this month, to proceed, in these Mr. Luke Howard is the author of a directions. The prevalence of different

respective periods of years, in opposite highly useful work, entitled “ The Climate classes of winds, in the different periods, of London, deduced from Meteorological is the most obvious cause of these peObservations, made at different places in riodical variations of the mean temperathe neighbourhood of the Meiropolis:

ture. London, 1818." 2 vols. 8vo. Out of this

The Barometer in this mouth rises, on magazine of fact it is proposed to extract, an average of ten years, to 3.40 in, and from time to time, certain results which falls to 28.97 in.: the mean range is theremay acquaint general readers with useful fore 1:43 in.; hut the extreme range in knowledge concerning the weather of our ten years is 2.38 in. The mean height latitude, and induce the inquisitive to for the month is about 29-79 inches. resort to Mr. Iloward's book, as a careful guide of high authority in conducting their west to north. The northerly predomi

The prevailing Winds are the class from researches. That gentleman, it is hoped, nate, by a fourth of their amount, over the will not deem this an improper use of his

southerly winds. labours : it is meant to be, as far as re

The average Evaporation (on a total of gards himself, a humble tribute to his 30-50 inches for the year) is 0·832 in., talents and diligence. With these views, and the mean of De Luc's hydrometer 80. under each month will be given a state of

The mean Rain, at the surface of the the weather, in Mr. Iloward's own words: earth, is 1.959 in.; and the number of and thus we begin.

days on which snow or rain falls, in this

month, averages 14, 4. JANUARY WEATHER.

A majority of the Nights in this month The Sun in the middle of this month have constantly the temperature at or continues about 8 h. 20 m. above the bori- below the foregoing point. I

Long ere the lingering dawn of that blythe morn
Which ushers in the year, the roosting cock,
Flapping his wings, repeats his larum shrill;
But on that morn no busy flail obeys
His rousing call; no sounds but sounds of joy
Salute the ear-the firsi-foot's entering step,
That sudden on the floor is welcome heard,
Fre blushing maids have braided up their hair;

The laugh, the hearty kiss, the good new year
Sayers.
See onl. i. p. 1.

# Howard on Climate.
The first visitant who enters a honse on New-year's day is called the first-foot.

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Christmay-day, which was; New-year's short, with their endless round of ever day, which is; and Twelfth-day, which new nothings, the absence of a relish for is to be ; let us compel them all three which is but ill supplied, in after life, by into our presence-with a whisk of our that feverish lingering and thirsting after imaginative wand convert them into one, excitement, which usurp without filling as the conjurer does his three glittering its place. Oh! that I might enjoy those balls—and then enjoy them all together, nothings once again in fact, as I can in with their dressings, and coachings, and fancy! But I fear the wish is worse than visiting3, and greetings, and gifts, and an idle one ; for it not only may not be, “ many happy returns"—with their plum- but it ought not to be. “ We cannot puddings, and mince-pies, and twelfth- bave our cake and eat it too,” as the cakes, and neguses— with their forfeits, vulgar somewhat vulgarly, but not less and fortune-tellings, and blindman's-buffs, sbrewdly, express it. And this is as it and sittings up to supper—with their should be ; for if we could, it would pantomimes, and panoramas, and new neither be worth the eating nor the penknives, and pastrycooks' shops-in having.”

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Now, on New-year's day as on the pre- usual ancient phrases of quaffing among vious eve, the wassail bowl is carried the English, and synonimous with the from door to door, with singing and mer- Come, here's to you,' and I'll pledge riment. In Devonshire,

you,' of the present day.

A massy bowl, to deck the jovial day,
Flash'd from its ample round a sunlike ray. In the “ Antiquarian Repertory," a
Pull many a cent'ry it shone forth to grace large assemblage of curious communica-
The festive spirit of thi' Andarton race,

tions, published by Mr. Jeffery, of PallAs, to the sons of sacred union dear, It welcomed with lambs' wool the rising year. paper relating to an ancient carving re

mall, in 4 vols. 4to. there is the following Polwhele.

presented in that work, from whence the

above engraving is taken. The verses Mr. Brand says, “ It appears from beneath it are å version of the old lines Thomas de la Moore, and old Havillan,t in Robert of Gloucester's chronicle, by that was haile and drinc-heil were the Mr. Jeffery's correspondent.

• Vita Edw. II. In Architren. lib. 2.

• Mirror of the Months.

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