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who realised double figures. Ashfield and Nockolds divided the wickets. Ford's began their 2nd ionings, but were not so successful, as the first four wickets fell very quickly. Bere and Nockolds hit freely for 22 and 12 respectively. The innings closed for 94, Keeling and Batley taking most wickets.

Monday, May 12TH.- After the dismissal of Ford's last two batsmen, Cotton House began their second innings, which would have been as unsuccessful as their first, but for a fine and well-hit 36, contributed by Keeling. Boulton was the only ono who remained with him for any time, and the whole side made 66. Nockolds and Bere were the most successful bowlers.

FORD'S. C. E. Ashfield, c Keeling, b Burness ...

24 b Keeling W.J. Rowell, c Curtis, b Burness 25 b Bailey

9 J. F. W. Little, c Boulton, b Burness ...

23 b Keeling

1 H. de L. Houseman, b Batley 5 b Keeling.

3 A. H. D. Purcell, c de Montmorency, b Keeling

11 c & b Batley

9 M. A. Bere, c Curtis, b Batley 9 c Curtis, b Papillon... 22 F. H. Browning, b Keeling 7 b Keeling...

5 H. T. G. Alington, run out 6 b Batley

0 A. G. Nockolds, c Papillon, b Keeling

0 not out

12 O. R. Lias, b Keeling

Ob Keeling

9 J.J. Guest, not out ...

3 c Papillon, b Batley 4 Extras

5 Extras

J. M. Chapman.

A. J. Burness.

J. M. Chapman. The following are the matches arranged Saturday, May 31st, v. R. I. E. College, at Cooper's

Hill. Saturday, June 7th, v. Hailey bury College, at

Hailey bury. Wednesday, June, 18th, v. Tonbridge School, at

Tonbridge. Saturday, June 21st, v. Reading C.C., at Reading. Saturday, June 28th, v. Wellington College, at

Wellington College. Saturday, July 19th, v. Private Banks, at Codford

Saturday, July 26th, v. Blackheath Morden, at

Saturday, Aug. 2nd, v. Surbiton, at Surbiton.
Monday, Aug 4th, v. Richmond, at Richmond.
Saturday, Aug. 9th, v. Streatham, at Streatham.


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94 COTTON HOUSE. R. W. Ord, b Nockolds

14 c Rowell, b Ashfield... 4 R. A. Batley, b Nockolds Ob Ashfield ...

7 H. T. Keelihg, b Ashfield 14 c Browning, b Bere 36 G. R. Papillon, b Ashfield 3 b Nockolds R. de Montmorency, b Ashfield 0 b Nockolds A. G. Burness, b Ashfield 7 b Nockolds A. J. Marvogordato, not out 6 b Bere F. J. Boulton, b Ashfield

1 c Nockolds, b Bere ... P. D. Tuckett, c Ashfield, b Nockolds

2 b Purcell G. S. Curtis, b Nockolds...

not out

8 Extras 3 Extras



We have received the following letter from the Secretary :

DEAR Sir,- Will you allow me to add to the above notice that the club now musters over a hundred members, and that I hope members of the School will support it by joining it and playing in the holidays. Rule 8 is as follows: Present members of the School while in the XI or XXII shall be elected Honorary Members without payment of any description, on their written request to one of the Secretaries." I shall be very glad if all to whom this rule applies will write to me and ask to be elected.

I am, dear Sir,
Yours very faithfully,

J. MITCHEL CHAPMAN. New University Club,

St. James' Street, May 3rd.

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At the Annual General Meeting of the above Club held at the Charing Cross Hotel, on Monday the 28th ult., the following officers were elected for the ensuing season.

Edward Hume.

E. Baggally.

E. J. Gunner.
E. H. Buckland. W. H. Hunt.
W. G. Fellowes. H. D. P. Kitcat.
H. Freeman.

T. Leach.
G. R. Garnett.

H. M. Leaf.

“ Business done none." This extract from the diary of Toby, M.P., sums up our share in the Racquet campaign in London this year. To the writer it represents the climax of many disappointments proceeding now from one cause now from

another. It was, however, absolutely unavoidable. On the day before the match Purcell bad every reason to hope be could appear, but on that day his doctor, an O.M., who would have been the last to keep him back unnecessarily, forbade his going up, and as most unfortunately the original idea of second fiddle being played off in London was not adhered to, Meyrick-Jones's solo was all that was audible on the eve of the match. Fit and well and eager to play he perhaps deserves more sympathy than anyong. We could in no case have won. But no one in London saw quite what our pair could do, and we hope it is not very bumptious to assert our confident belief that three better pairs were not playing. Assuredly there were not four. Is it rash to hope that “ darkest before dawn” may be as true in Racquets as in other things and that good fortune may at last, in '85, coincide with that steadiness, plack, and perseverance which alone can win us the match ?

Agnew scored a try and dropped a goal, thus winning the match to love.

Nomads' team :-G. C. Alston (back), C. M. Wilkins, and J. D. Vans Agnew (i), F. B. Windeler, and G. M. Butterworth, (b), F. Thursby (captain), H. Vassall, G. H. Windeler, H. T. Ravenhill, A. V. Buckland, W. W. Ellis, P. T. Robinson, A. H. Soden, E. Latter and J. B. Hartley (forwards).

Richmond were played the only time this season (the first match having been abandoned owing to wet) on 2nd Feb. on their ground. Once again did the whole team show good combination and in many instances splendid individual form. Though seriously damaged in the first five minutes of the game Vans Agnew most pluckily combined playing and doing an enormous amount of work till half-time, wben he was forced to retire. Wilkins with his strong running and collaring, F. B. Windeler with his certain tackling and useful runs did yeomen's service behind. Forward Lawrie was very

much on his day and dribbled brilliantly, but every body from Vassall (who took the helm, our captain being disabled) downwards, did their level best to win and succeeded in playing a drawn match.

Nomads :-E. C. Cholmondeley (back), C. M. Wilkins, J. D. Vans Agnew, and F. B. Kingsbury (i), F. B. Windeler and F. N. Templer (1), H. Vassall (captain), C. Hawkins, J. L. Dove, E. H. Lawrie, H. M. Elder, G. H. Windeler, W. W. Ellis, H. T. Ravenhill, and W. C. M. Nicholson, (forwards).

On 23rd Feb. we travelled in lovely weather to Wellington, where as usual we met with hearty welcome and hospitality. With the assistance of a good Oxford contingent we returned winners by 2 goals and 2 tries to 2 tries. Our scoring was un. doubtedly assisted by the generosity,

the generosity, whether intentional or not, of the Schoul in giving us the benefit of hill, wind, and sun for the first half, though they won the toss. Kingsbury was in good form, repeating the score he compiled at Marlborough2 tries and a dropped goal. Wynne scored a try after a dodgy run and a maul, while Turner placed a somewhat difficult goal.

Nomads' team :—R. R. Mangin (back), C. M. Wilkins, A. B. Turner and W. B. Kingsbury (i), E. P. A. Hankey, and 0. Wynne, (), F. Thursby, (captain), C. Hawkins, J. Ll. Dove, A. Williams, C. S. Randall, E. H. Lawrie, A. V. Buckland, W.

Football. MARLBOROUGH NOMADS. The first Blackheath match was played 19th Jan. on the Charlton Road Ground before numerous spectators. Though we lost the match our never played a better game all-round. Tbe forwards to a man were quick on the ball, dribbling well, and collaring with great certainty. Behind everyone was in good form, but Templer, by his splendid tackling of the lusty Bolton, and Vans Agnew by his all but successful drop at goal at 30 yards distance and the determined way in which he stopped many ugly rushes at middle \, were especially distinguished.

The only score in the game was a try obtained at the beginning of the match by some smart following up after the ball had been kicked 3 times only. More than once we penned our opponents in their 25, but could not score.

Nomads' team:-G. C. Alston (back), C. M. Wilkins, J. D. Vans Agnew and W. B. Kingsbury (8), F. H. Fox and F. N. Templer (?), F. Thursby (captain), W. M. Tatham, C. Hawkins, J. H. Dove, G. C. Hawkins, G. H. Windeler, E. H. Laurie, H. M. Elders, E. P. A. Hankey (forwards). Umpire, R. M. Yetts.

The Royal Naval College we played on their ground at Greenwich on 26th Jan. in wet weather. Vans


W. Ellis, P. T. Robinson and A. T. Drake (forwards).

The 8th March saw the Nomads once again on the ground of the Blackheath Club -a large number of O.M's being amongst the spectators. The match itself can only be described as most unsatisfactory to both sides. Given for opponents one or two men who are early in the match reprimanded by their own friends for their obnoxiously rough style of play and a team which has two verbose acting captains, what else could be expected ? Not by way of excuse but that our descendants in the club should not judge us too harshly for this apparently disastrous defeat, it is necessary to record the facts that during the first 55 minutes of the 70 minutes' match the Nomads against a team including eight Internationalists certainly had the best of the game barring a goal placed from a free catch, and that during the last 15 minutes the assembly lost all resemblance to a football match-neither of the opposing Captains paying any attention to the Umpires. While chaos thus reigned supreme our opponents should have scored a best on record, but they only placed two goals from tries. To their representatives the Nomads owe the highest praise for their self-restraint on a most trying occasion. By no means could they more forcibly express their determination not to play a rough game than by abstaining as they did from reprisals in this match. May their patience never again be so sorely tried ! During the fifty-five minutes that any game existed all the Nomads played up very hard.

We sorely missed the splendid defensive play of Vans Agnew at centre three quarters. Nomads team : E. C. Cholmondeley (back), C. M. Wilkins, W. B. Kingsbury and N. C. Taylor (1), F. N. Templer, F. H. Fox (), F. Thursby (capt), C. Hawkins, J. LI. Dove, G. H. Windeler, E. H Lawrie, H. M. Elder, H. T. Ravenhill, A. B. Turner, and W. W. Ellis (forwards). Umpires, H. Vassall and P. Newton.

Natural History Society.

The officers are the same as last term. The number of members is 92. There are to be Field Days on June 7th and July 5th. On Thursday, June 19th, it is proposed to have an exhibition of objects under the Microscopes, of which instruments it is hoped that at least ten will be forthcoming; and on July 17th,

then will be another private meeting of the society.

There was a private meeting on Thursday, May 8th, at which 43 members were present.

Some recent valuable donations to the Museum were exhibited, especially some objects from New Zealand presented by A. L. Mellish, Esq., O.M. The large otter killed a few months ago near Swindon was kindly sent down for exhibition by Mr. Portridge, and the gratifying fact was announced that the nightingale had been heard singing merrily the day before close to the College. It is much to be hoped that this welcome visitor will be treated with the consideration it deserves.

On the following Saturday, May 10th, 35 members took part in a Field Day to Pewsey Vale. They lunched in a large barn at New Mill, kindly prepared for them by Mr. Ferris and met for tea at Martinsell. The day was happily the finest summer's day we have yet had, and the vale showed considerably in advance of our immediate neighbourhood, though the botanical observations proved that vegetation even there was considerably below the average. Grasses were especially backward, and the sedges except in sheltered spots much damaged by frosts. Of plants and grasses in flower 117 species were observed, of which 39 were first notices. Last year, on May 5th, the number was 95, as against 165 on May 13th, 1882, and 146 on May 10th, 1881.

The Ornithological section was only moderately successful, a fact perhaps partly due to the absence of the guiding spirit of the last few years. Two carrion crow's nests were found, one containing eggs, and the other young birds. Besides these, eggs were noticed of the hedge sparrow, linnet, jay, thrash, blackbird, and red start (?) and the young of the linnet. It was too early in the year for the Entomologists to do much.

Cotton English Essay: E. C. C. Firth.

Hon. Men.: C. H. Roberts.


William Carr, University College, Oxford, the Stanhope Historical Prize Essay.

Printed by Chas. PERKINS, at his General Printing Office,

Waterloo House, Marlborough.

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Let us begin to deal with the subject of alliteration by a definition. Milton has defined rhyme to be the jingle of like endings and we may define alliteration as the jingle of like beginnings. How frequent this jingle is in our speech, and especially our proverbial expressions, it is scarcely necessary to remark. Numerous instances as “kith and kin,' thick and thin,' 'fair or foul,' will occur to everyone at


This jingle which we call alliteration is far from being an insipid and artificial trick of poets: we shall hope to show by examples from ancient and modern poets that its use gives sometimes force, sometimes sweetness and melody to poetry.

Let us begin with Vergil and show how he has used it, and let us take the oft-quoted line

"Neu patriae validas in viscera vertite vires." This line seems to us to gain great vigour from the repetition of the initial letter, and by the old pronunciation, it is rendered even more emphatic

Few of our readers probably are readers of Lucretius and Ennius; so that though they are replete with instances of alliteration we will be content with this one instance from classical authors; only pointing out in passing how sparingly

the Greeks used it, and almost always to gain emphasis rather than harmony. There was a time when alliteration was affected and studied, and we have one instance of many to show how grossly it was exaggerated and misunderstood. Everyone who treats this subject always quotes from 'Pugna Porcorum per

Publium Porcum poetam,' and no one ever quotes any other lines than the following :

"Propterea properans Proconsul poplite prono
Praecipitem plebem pro Patrum pace poposcit.

Persta Paulisper, Pubes Pretiosa, precamur," a feat of poetical legerdemain rarely if ever equalled.

Passing to English, before plunging into our literature, let us notice our old friend

"Around the rugged rock the ragged rascal ran.” What force, what vigour is added to the scene by this repetition ! save only in the case of those to whom the letter 'r' is a stone of stumbling! Or there is our harmless old catch 'Peter Piper' and Hammer, Hammer, Hammer on the hard high road,' etc., bane to those whose 'h's are uncertain.

But speaking more seriously, we shall of course notice first Anglo Saxon poetry. Here the alliterative form of the productions no doubt better suited the purposes

of recital. We know how much easier it is to pronounce consecutively words that call for similar movements of the tongue and throat, than

than by the new.

those which require many different organs to articulate them. To quote an instance from Anglo Saxon in the original would not be much good, but let us quote a stanza from the Battle of Brunanburgh' in Baron Tennyson's translation

“Bow'd the spoiler,
Bent the Scotsman,
Fell the shipcrews

Doom'd to the death.
All the field with the blood of the fighters

Flowed, from when first the great
Sun-star of morning-tide,
Lamp of the Lord God,

Lord everlasting,
Glode over earth till the glorious creature

Sunk to his setting. Our readers will see how natural alliteration was in Anglo Saxon poetry and how the cadence of the metre, which would now seem monotonous, gave simplicity and ease of recitation.

We shall be following the received way of treating alliteration if we proceed and take instances from • Piers the Ploughman'; we will do so that we may show how entirely metrical laws were then based on alliteration.

The following lines are taken from the beginning of the poem and, the spelling modernized, read :

“But in a May morning | on Malvern Hills
Me befell a ferly / of fairy methought;
I was weary of wandering | and went me to rest
Under a broad bank | by a burn-side ;
And as I lay and leaned | and looked on the waters,

I slumbered in a sleeping | it sounded so merry." Here, if alliteration were not natural to such poetry, we should say its introduction was designed to give melody; but we may modify this statement and say that for such purposes the old metrical system was naturally well suited.

Next we may take an instance or two from Spenser. The iteration of initial consonants was admirably fitted to give smoothness to the Spenserian stanza. For instance, in the Shepheardes Calendar

" These wisards welter in wealth's waves

Pampred in pleasures deep;
They han fat kernes and leany knaves,

Their fasting flocks to keepe.
Sike mister men bene all misgone,

They heapen hills of wrath.”
and again in the 'Faerie Queene' of a giant-

“And stalking stately, like a crane, did stryde
At every step upon the tiptoes hie."

The alliteration in the first line is another instance of force being given thus to a line : and we may remember in a similar line of Vergil

“Et sola in sicca secum spatiatur arena." To quote from every poet would be tedious, where instances are so readily found: but we may notice that Shakespear, who in places has ridiculed the use of alliteration and banned it as Chaucer did, himself uses it in his most elaborate poetry. Our readers will of course remember the line "Full fathoms five thy father lies.”

But space fails us to multiply instances and we only wish to take some more modern poets and observe their use of this embellishment of style.

It has been remarked that it is resemblance and contrast that give point to alliterative expression, and we would quote to support this Pope's line

“Puffs, Powders, Patches, Bibles, Billets-doux.” The first words indicating objects naturally connected by the mind and the other objects as naturally contrasted.

But except Byron none has wielded alliteration so well as Gray. In the Sister Odes, almost every strophe commences and concludes with an alliterative line. In the following force is given :

“Ruin seize thee, rathless king." Substitute 'cruel' or 'wicked' for ruthless and the force is gone. In the lines

“Weave the warp and weave the woof

The winding sheet of Edward's race' dignity and solemnity is conveyed by the iteration. In another place sadness and pathos is effected

“Mountains ye mourn in vain,

Modred whose magic song, etc." Coleridge, in the Ancient Mariner, gives as a happy illustration of its power

“The fair breeze blew, the white foam flew,

The furrows followed free,
We were the first that ever burst

Into that silent sea." An after-thought suggests to us that Milton, who despised rhyme, used alliteration consciously, and a chance examination of the “ Paradise Lost” will prove this.

To conclude we will draw attention to the fact that alliteration is only successful with consonants. Churchill, who complains 'that he had often prayed for apt alliteration's artful aid'lets us see how feeble a vowel iteration is. We may also point out

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