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either than the torrent was upon him, and escape from the arms of Cairnes, Martyns, or Belk, seemed impossible. Once only Davis got away for about a third of the ground, and then the hard-won advantage was lost by an unlucky pass-back right into the hands of Cairnes. In fact during this last half hour nothing but the splendid collaring of Annesley, Casson, and Kaye, aided by extreme good fortune, saved Horner's from serious disaster. A brilliant drop by Cairnes which missed the goal by about a foot ought not to go unrecorded, nor yet a run by Martyn which Annesley stopped only a yard from the line.

When the game was resumed on the Saturday, Griffith was there in person, and unfortunately Clayton was laid up and unable to play again; but in spite of these changes it was generally expected that Horner's would have some difficulty in securing a victory within the hour. The result was however widely different, for the game had hardly started before Davis got away along the upper side, and when collared by de Montmorency he neatly passed the ball to Buchanan, who was backing up close behind him, and the latter continuing the run grounded the ball behind the posts. A successful place by the same player brought the score to three goals to love. The ball was started again and in a very few minutes Davis was once more at full speed on his way to the Preshute goal, this time to make the touch-down himself right between the posts. Once more Horner's captain proved the accuracy of his aim and the game was finished in the short space of seven minutes.

For the winners, Casson and Home among the forwards were invaluable, well supported by Bishop, Benson, Pennethorne and Dowding; of the behinds, Davis was of course facile princeps, but Buchanan and Kaye did a heap of work and rarely got the ball without carrying it on some yards, while Annesley and Crookenden gave good help at their respective places. For Preshute, Martyn, Cairnes, and Martin were conspicuous behind the squash, and the forward play of Clayton, Towgoods, and Bulman deserves especial mention.

range. Shot well in all the matches. An excellent captain. Has left.

LANCE-CORP. E. G. CHEKE (1884). Average 47.1. -A very energetic, and persevering shot. Manages to keep his head at strange ranges, and did himself full justice at Wimbledon.

LANCE.-CORP. J. G. Hulbert (1884). Average 50.3.-A very steady shot. Began the season with some very good scores, and could be relied on at the long range.

Sergt. A. G. THYNNE (1883). Average 45.8.-At the beginning of the season seemed to have fallen off slightly from his form last year, but improved considerably towards the end of the term. Has left.

CORP. B. H. DEJERSEY (1884). Average 45.6.Began the season fairly well, and kept up his form throughout the term. Failed to do himself credit at Wimbledon.

Privt. G. H. S. BROWNE (1884). Average 45.– Took a great deal of trouble to become a steady shot, and made wonderful progress.

At times was decidedly brilliant. Has left.

Privt. W. R. MacInnes (1884). Average 41.Seems rather nervous, but takes great pains in try. ing to improve. Has hardly had enough experience to be relied on always. Has left.

Privt. C. S. STACK (1884). Average 42.8. Very erratio in scoring, especially at the long range, Cannot always be relied on, but occasionally makes a very good score. Averages of the Shooting VIII, 1884.

Average

in the Date of No. of Best Worst matches

Promotion. Matches, score. score. shot ia. Lieut. Manton... 1882 June 24th 8 61 45 L.-Corp. Cheke 1884 June 6th 9 58

21 47.5 L.-Corp. Hulbert 1884 June 6th 9 56 42

50.4 Sergt. Thynne ... 1883 June 23rd 9 56 37

45.8 Corpl. DeJersey 1884 July 7th 9 61 32 45.6 Prvt. Browne 1884 July 7th

9 53 43 45 Privt. MacInnes 1884 July 18th 6 52

33 Prvt. Stack 1884 July 18th 5 51

40 Having lost, to our unfeigned regret, all officers and many N.C.O.s., the corps has had to set vigorously to work to fill up its numbers and to supply the place of its late commanders. Sergt, Wynne Wilsson and Col.-Sergt. Bull have succeeded respectively to the post of Captain and Lieutenant

, and by the promotion of a due complement of Serjeants

, &c., the work goes on satisfactorily. The government store of Red Books having fun short, the difficulty of thoroughly learning their duties is very much increased; but by the help of well-attended skeleton drills a good deal is being accomplished. An entirely new step has been

Year.

52.25

42.8

CHARACTERS OF THE RIFLE VIII.

LIEUT. H. R. MANTON (1882). Average 52.25.-A Very steady and reliable shot, especially at the short

BOWLING ANALYSIS.
First Innings.

Second Innings. balls. m. n.b. w. r. wk, balls, m, n.b. w. r. wk. E. H. Buckland 110 10 0 0 31 3 55 3 0 0 20 2 A. S. Soden 85 5 0 0 39 5 50 2 0 0 21 0 A. V. Buckland 30 1 0 0 20 1 3 0 0 2 0 1

taken. Lieut.-Col. Luce, commanding 2nd Wilts R.V.C., gave us leave to enrol as recruits in the L (Marlborough) Company, all who were of sufficient age. Including the members of Common Room, not more than fourteen were immediately available : but most of the sacra cohors setting to it at once, are now far on the way towards making themselves efficient by October 31st, the end of the Volunteer year. The advantage of this innovation has already been pointed out in orders ; so it need only be repeated here that every efficient will earn £l 10s. per annum besides a certain amount of ammunition; and Martini Henry Rifles are granted in the proportion of 12 per cent. to the total number enrolled. Especial attention is called to this last point, as the Martini is made compulsory for the Schools Competition at Wimbledon next year, and at present we do not possess a single one. still in need of more recruits, especially of an advanced

age and size. Most of the enrolled recruits have got out of the 3rd Class, the two best scores being Sergt. Hulbert, 65; Private Robertson, 61.

We are

MARLBOROUGH BLUES v. SURBITON. Played at Surbiton, on Saturday, Aug. 2nd. After dismissing their opponents for the not very enormous score of 132, Newton only making a stand, the Blues were unable to resist the bowling of Jellicoe, of Haileybury and Oxford renown, and their wickets fell for 82. In their second innings Surbiton showed that they were not so easily to be disposed of a second time, and bowler after bowler was tried without much success. Some of the fielding was excellent, particularly Buchanan's at point. Meyrick-Jones only bowled three overs, the last of which was a curiosity: the first three balls went for three sixers, the last two balls were wickets.

SURBITON.
J. A. Perkins, b Keeling 2 b Meyrick-Jones
G. W. Ricketts, b Rose

5 cSheppard, b Meyrick-
Jones

25 C. E. Cobb, b Keeling...... 0

c Chapman, b Tatham 23 J. F. Newton, b Soden

62 R. Howell, b Fellowes............ 10 Chapman,b Meyrick

Jones

50 S. Castle, b Tatham....

8 b Soden

25 G. H. Windeler, b Keeling...... 13 not out

1 L. Have, b Soden.... E. Brookes, b Fellowes

4 F. G. G. Jellicoe, b Fellowes 0 C. A. Trouncer, not out

7 not out ...

55 B. 14, lb. 3...

17 B. 13, lb. 5, w. 4 ... 22

201

Cricket. MARLBOROUGH BLUES v. STREATHAM.

Played at Streatham, on Saturday, August 9th, and ended in an easy victory for the Blues. After the match both teams were kindly invited to dinner in the Pavilion with S. T. Fisher, Esq., and those who have the pleasure of knowing Mr. Fisher will be well able to believe how generously he treated us, and what a very pleasant and festive evening we all spent.

STREATHAM.
W. S. Trollope, c Chapman, b
E. H. Buckland

14 st Stawell, b E. H.
Buckland

1 D. R. Hallam, c E. H. Buckland, b Soden

6 b A. V. Buckland G. E. Jeffery, o Burness, b E. H. Buckland...

10 c Kitcat, b E. H. Buckland

8 C. L. Morgan, c E. H., b A. V. Buckland 21 not out

7 A. W. Sharman, b Soden 11 C. Morgan, retired (ill)

8 J. A. Druce, b Soden S. H. Flindt, b Soden

3 J. W. Roughton, not out....... 15 A. M. Case, b Soden

0 A. Kayes, b E. H. Buckland 2

B. 4, lb. 2

[blocks in formation]

... 27

...

23 4 0 0

... 25

82
BOWLING ANALYSIS.
First Innings.

Second Innings. balls, m. n.b. w.

r. wk.
balls, m. w.

r. wk, H. T. Keeling.. 80 8 0 0 24 3

1 1 20 0 W. A. Rose

65 4 0 0 24 1 35 2 0 23 W. G. Fellowes 60 1 0 0 38 3 30 0 0 34 0 W. M. Tatham 45 5 0 0 17 1 35 2 2 30 1 A. S. Soden 28 1 0 0 12 2 30 0 0 21 1 J. A. Bourdillon

40 3 1 24 0 F. Meyrick-Jones

15 0 0 27 3

43

::

...

98 MARLBOROUGH BLUES. W. A. Rose, c Druce, b Jeffery............ 31 H. D. P. Kitcat, b Flindt Rev. W. H. Churchill, b Trollope

54 E. H. Buckland, b Jeffery

66 R. C. M. Harvey, b Trollope A. S. Soden, b Jeffery

0 A. J. Burness, c Roughton, b Jeffery 15 C. L. Stawell, c Hallam, b Jeffery. 15 F. W. French, b Trollope

0 A. V. Buckland, b Trollope

2 J. M. Chapman, not out

12 B. 8, Ib. 3

11

Natural History Society. On Michaelmas Day, Monday, Sept. 29th, about 40 members of the Society, some by carriage and some on bicycles, made an expedition to Avebury and Oldbury Camp. Starting shortly after twelve, they dined in the School, at Avebury by the kind permission of the Rev. Bryan King, after inspect

212

a drowned girl, lashed to a broken mast, lies

upon the sand in the foreground; behind the sea is tossing with the after-swell of the night's storm. Then Mr. A. D. Innes (O.M.) read a very thoughtful paper on two American novelists, Hawthorne and Howells, in which the peculiar genius of Hawthorne was sympathetically delineated and illustrated by extracts from his writings, while the claims of the latter to rank as a first-rate novelist were warmly disputed and his pet theory that "plots have had their day” shown to have exercised a fatal influence on his own compositions. After some words from the President, the Master, who was present, er. pressed his hearty concurrence with the views put forward by the lecturer.

The next paper will be on Nov. 13th, when Mr. Thompson will read on “Less known and Doubtful Plays of Shakespeare."-On Wednesday, October 29th, there will be an exhibition of pictures. A circular has been sent round to various Old Marlburian artists asking for the loan of drawings, pictures, and sculptures, so that the exhibition will have a very special and peculiar interest. As the President (L. E. Upcott) is not sure that he has the names of all O.M. Artists, he will be glad to receive information from

any quarters, and will send copies of the circular to any whose names are forwarded to him. He gratefully acknowledges the promises of help which he has already received.

Debating Society. On Wednesday last, October 8th, A. B. Poynton moved, “that, in the opinion of 'this house the policy of her Majesty's Government is eminently disastrous to the country's best interests.” E. K. Chambers opposed. Speakers : For the Motion :

Against the Motion:
A. B. Poynton

E. K. Chambers
E. Robertson

H. M. Lewis
H. M. Giveen

L. M. Hilleary
The mover having replied, a division was taken,
with the following result:-
For the Motion

4 Against

1

...

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...

Majority

3 The votes of the whole House were then taken. For the Motion

12 Against the Motion

2

ing the mound, the big stones, and the venerable Church, which has been most ably restored, and well repays a visit. They then drove along the Calne road to Cherhill, and then walked to Oldbury Camp, whence a most extensive view received additional charm from the beauty of the afternoon. Returning, some along the Roman Road, and some along the old Bath Road, which here followed the line of the old British ridgeway, they rejoined the carriage and drove back to Avebury to tea, reaching home at seven o'clock. The Society were obliged to forego the pleasure of seeing the famous ornithological collection at Yatesbury Rectory, owing to the enforced absence of the Rev. A. C. Smith from home, but it is hoped that next year a visit to Yatesbury may be combined with one to Bishop's Cannings, the singularly beautiful Parish Church of which village has just been restored, and which was indeed re-opened on Michaelmas Day.

On Thursday next the Rev. E. S. Marshall, O.M., Assistant Curate of Tottenham, will give some account of his recent visit to America, and the lecture will be illustrated by magic lantern slides.

Art Society. There was a Field Day on Michaelmas Day; a party of 26 drove to Wanborough, which lies under the junction of the Liddington and White Horse ranges, and has a church with a tower at the west end, and a spire in the middle. There are only three instances of this curious mixture in England; one of the other two is at Purton, not far from Swindon. There the sketchers were left, while the rest walked up to Liddington Castle.

The first meeting was held on Thursday, Oct. 2. Holiday work was exhibited by Mavrogordato and Horton-Smith; Mr. Baker also lent his sketches, and the President showed an oil painting by Abraham Stork, and read a small poem written in the holidays. Then Mr. Lloyd read a paper upon “Musical Instruments of the American Indians,” of which he had provided many illustrations from various Museums. The instruments were genuinely original contrivances in use before contact with European civilisation, chiefly among the Aztecs in Mexico and the Peruvians. Pipes and flutes, and whistles of pottery or bone, sometimes grotesquely carved or modelled to represent the human figure, were found, especially in graves, and produced four or five tones; these were sometimes employed in human sacrifices, the victim being previously instructed in the art of playing, so that the practice of music must have needed devotion even in those days. A singular instrument called the “ Juruparis” was regarded with great veneration and jealously guarded. They had also curious wooden drums, which were used in warfare, and on other festive occasions.

On the 2nd meeting (Oct. 9th, 1884), Mr. Lloyd exhibited the work he had been engaged upon during the holidays. Besides many water-colours, there were two sea-pieces in oil; one large picture was suggested by the "Wreck of the Hesperus;”

1

Majority ...

10

...

NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS. The editor has received a P.0.0, for 6s. 'on Her Majesty's Service.' Will the sender, who omitted to give his name and address, forward the necessary information to A. B. Poynton, Marlborough College. Printed by Chas. Perkins, at his General Printing Office,

Waterloo House, Marlborough.

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PHRENOLOGY.

We are all of us to a certain extent Phrenologists. We all believe that a certain mould of head denotes strong reasoning powers, that another mould denotes shallow intellect, another villainous propensities, and so forth. We all know the old story of a visitor at a Museum who was examining a skull, said to be that of Cromwell; noticing it was rather small, he remarked to the attendant that he would have expected a man of powerful intellect like Cromwell to have had a large skull. “Yes, sir,' was the ready answer, but that is his skull when he was a child. Evidently these two men had some belief in Phrenology. But we doubt if there are many who would pin their faith to the wonderful system elaborated by Drs. Gall, Spurzheim and others towards the beginning of this century. Most of our readers must have seen at some time or other those diabolical-looking plaster heads mapped out into territories, which are assigned to the different faculties of the mind. These are the results of the studies of these remarkable men, who claim to have discovered in fifty years

about that most difficult branch of physiology, the connection of the human mind with the body, than the united efforts of generations of physiologists during two

thousand

years
have effected for

any
other
organ

of the body.

Phrenology is, in the words of Dr. Spurzheim, the doctrine of the special faculties of the mind, and of the relations between their manifestations and the body, particularly the brain.

Spurzheim in his system divides the mind into no less than thirty-five distinct faculties: the division is supposed to be made on seven principles, which are delightfully vague and wonderfully unintelligible. We do not intend to examine at length the truth of the supposition that the brain is divided into various organs : a supposition wholly unsupported by anatomical investigations, and rendered most unlikely by the fact that parts of the brain have been destroyed withont affecting any of the faculties of the mind. We pass on to the details, which are amusingly absurd, and more likely to interest.

An- ordinary person might have supposed that there was a certain innate disposition to show kindness, which he might have called Benevolence: and that this Benevolence manifested itself in different forms according to a man's education and surrounding circumstances.

If he were in a large household swarming with squalling children of an unpleasant temper he would naturally not show any particular love for children, but would rather incline

more

towards the society of men of his own age. In a || Acquisitiveness ought to be divided into numberless similar way Benevolence might be led to show faculties: one for picking up pieces of orange peel, itself in a particular liking for the company of another for collecting stamps, another for collecting young women. Not so the Phrenologist. There post marks, in fact faculties for every imaginable must, he says, have been three primary faculties : peculiarity. If there was a projection on the head Benevolence: Philoprogenitiveness, or love of corresponding to each, what an extraordinary children: and Amativeness, or love proper. The appearance the heads of some eccentric persons reasons which he gives for defining Philoprogenitive. would present ! ness as a distinct faculty are curious. Many The absurdity of the methods by which the animals, such as reptiles and fishes, take no care of situation of the various organs was determined will their offspring. In many species the females alone be enough to convince most people that this so-called take care of them while the male deserts them science should be looked on with great distrust. altogether. Thus it is evident that the faculty This is the way in which Dr. Gall determined the exists in one kind of animal and not in another, and seat of Combativeness. Calling in some street also that it varies in sexes of the same species. urchins he tried to make them fight, and noticed Therefore it is a primary faculty. Of course if this which were pugnacious and which the reverse. is so we should expect to find the brain developed in Then, after a comparison of their skulls, he assigned a corresponding manner in the lower animals. But a portion of the vacant territory of the skull to here the Phrenologist is altogether at fault. In the Combativeness. Phrenologists seem to take it for lower animals he can find no corresponding granted that when a faculty is in a state of activity, development: and though he eagerly grasps at the individual must make motions and gestures anything which seems to support his theory, as for in the line or direction of its external organ. This instance in the determination of the seat of Con. is the test of the truth of their system. The test structiveness by comparison of the heads of the evidently cannot be applied in the case of the faculties rabbit and the hare, yet in most cases he is forced which have their seat in the anterior parts of the to insist on the necessity of comparing only individuals head, as, since we naturally see and walk and bend of the same species, man. We might with equal in that direction, it would be impossible to detect reason give the name of a primary faculty to love of how much of the motion was due to natural and parents, which is just as distinguishing as that of physical causes, and how much to the activity of the children, and assign a small part of the skull to intellectual organs. With regard to those that and Philopregenitorness, and another part to love of placed laterally, as they are in pairs, one on eachi ancient maiden aunts.

side of the head, we might naturally suppose that It used to be the common belief that men had a their activity would produce a peculiar sort of faculty called Memory: which showed itself in oscillation, resembling the motion of a pendulami various ways according to the circumstances in but as it is possible that they may exactly counter which it was placed. For instance, in princes it balance and neutralize each other in this respect, we shows itself by an aptness in recognising faces, in shall not insist on the necessity of such mental statel foresters by a quickness in remembering paths as hope, combativeness, destructiveness, producing through woods, in shepherds by an ability to this side shake of the head. The test, then, cat distinguish their own sheep. This, it appears, only be applied in the case of those faculties whicl is quite wrong. There is no such faculty as have their seat at the back of the head. These an Memory; but there is a faculty by which we six in number and fortunately of such a kind tha remember places (Locality), another by which we their activity can easily be distinguished remember languages (Language), another by which They are—1, love of women ; 2, love of children we remember individuals (Individuality), another by 3, love of fame; 4, pride; 5, constancy of after which we remember events and history (Eventuality). || tion; and 6, caution or cowardice. Now has If this system of phrenology is true, we should have ever been observed that when a man exhibits apy ( not 35 but 3500 faculties. Every little eccentricity these faculties he moves his head backwards ? Doe would be honoured by the name of faculty. I a man when he is fondling his children project t

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