The Mexican Treasury: The Writings of Dr. Francisco Hernández
This volume consists of a selection of English translations from the extensive writings of Dr. Francisco Hernández (1515-87). Celebrated in his own day as one of Spain's leading physicians and naturalists, he is now best remembered for his monumental work on the native plants and materia medica of central Mexico.
Sent to New Spain in 1570 by King Philip II to research and describe the natural history of the region, to assess the medical usefulness of the natural resources, and to gather ethnographic materials for an anthropological history, Hernández was the first trained scientist to undertake scientific work in the New World. For seven years he gathered information throughout the Valley of Mexico, learning Nahuatl, recording local medical customs, studying indigenous medicines, and writing down all his observations. The result was The Natural History of New Spain, written in Latin, which consisted of six folio volumes filled with descriptions of over 3,000 plants previously unknown in Europe (along with descriptions of a much smaller number of animals and minerals) and ten folio volumes of paintings by Mexican artists illustrating the plants and animals he described.
Hernández died before he could publish his Natural History, and the materials were placed in the Escorial, where they were extensively consulted, copied, abstracted, and translated by generations of scientists, medical specialists, and natural philosophers before they were destroyed by fire in 1671. Hernández's work was still regarded as authoritative on a number of New World botanical topics as late as the nineteenth century, and his writings remain in use in popular form in Mexico today.
Only a tiny fragment of the Natural History has previously appeared in English. The selections in this volume are designed to reflect the historical patterns of dissemination of the work of Hernández, giving modern readers a sense of which portions of his vast corpus entered scientific discourse and spread across two continents in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
Відгуки відвідувачів - Написати рецензію
Не знайдено жодних рецензій.
The Will of Francisco Hernández
The Christian Doctrine
Cacao Chili Corn Tobacco and Tomato
Quatro libros de la naturaleza
Agustín Vetancourt Teatro mexicano
Seven English Authors
An Epistle to Arias Montano
animals applied astringent atolli bark bitter body cacao calyxes chili Christ cold cause color copy crushed Cuernavaca cures decoction described descriptions diarrhea divine dose drams drunk dysentery expels fevers fibrous root flatulence fols fourth degree Francisco Hernández French disease fruit grows in warm heat herb Hernán Hispaniae Historia naturae History of Jamaica holy hot and dry humors Indians Indies Jesus juice Laet Laet's Latin leaves López Lord Madrid maguey Majesty Majesty's manuscript Marcgraf medicine Mexican Mexico City Michoacán mixed moist Munting Náhuatl native Natural History Nieremberg oregano ounce pains Pánuco Piñero places plants powder printed produces provokes urine purges purple Quatro libros Recchi resin Rome edition round royal sacrament seed serrate shape similar Sloane soul Spain Spanish species stalks stems stomach sweet taken taste temperate thick things third degree tion translation tree virtue volume wounds Ximénez yellow