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SELECTIONS FROM ATHENAUS.
plified, has never been very popular timent of love possesses the divine in this country. It would appear that privilege of dwelling upon its objects such painted air-bubbles are too child- with increasing delight; but fear and ish for our taste, and that the marvel- wonder are transitory movements of lous is only relished here when linked the mind, and depend for the most to the higher and more serious feel- part on the suspension of curiosity. ings. Macbeth is deeply and univer Upon the whole, romance writers sally understood ; but there is reason ought to look jealously after their prito suspect that the Midsummer Night's vileges, and prevent the use of appari. Dream is more talked of than read, tions from incurring prescription in and talked of chiefly by persons who these latter days of the scoffers, who wish to lay claim to an uncommon think it no great matter to take the share of fancy
bread out of the mouths of an hundred The ancients had their fauns, satyrs, industrious persons in Grub Street, and nymphs, with which they peopled for the sake of shewing themselves the more sequestered retreats of na above vulgar prejudices. Surely roture; and whose casual intercourse mance writers are far more numerous with mortals supplied a thousand than philosophers, and might be well beautiful fables. The fairies and mer able to mob any prating son of Epimaids of modern times cannot be com curus who attempted to undermine pared with them. To be sure, some the credit of their machinery.
ery pretty stories are told of mermaids drawing nigh to solitary shores, under the guidance of tender impulses, and making their sentiments known to the favoured mortal in the form of a song ; but surely their long fish-tails are insufferable, whatever
No I. may be thought of them by the young Highlanders in the Island of Skye, or (The learned need not be told who the shepherds of the Orkneys. The Athenæus was, though the English readwhole conception of a mermaid is
er has hitherto had but very little opdispleasing, and
of the portunity of knowing much about him. coarse taste of Northern mythology, discoursing at Table,” is the only one,
Deipnosophists, or the Sophists On the other hand, nothing can be
among ** his numerous works, that rebeautiful than the ancient mains; it contains a vast fund of amuseconception of wood nymphs, whose ment and information concerning the custenderness was by no means so ob- toms, the manners, and the sentiments of trusive as that of the northern mer the Greeks, with a multitude of valuable maids ; so that persons taking a walk facts and anecdotes, illustrative of the hisin a forest were frequently shunned tory of their literary and moral character; by them, and left to find their way poetry, and quotations from old Greek and
besides many elegant specimens of ancient home again without ever having a second sight of them. The fairy tribe been lost.
Roman authors, whose writings have long of later times is a fiction without in
Athenæus was born at Naucratis, in Eterest, and seems hardly capable of gypt, in the second century of the Christian answering any purpose as a species of era. He was considered as a man of great poetical machinery.
learning--had read much, and possessed an It is evident that gay and lively fic- extraordinary memory, as the numerous tions, founded on popular supersti- anecdotes he relates, and the pieces of poetions, admit of much greater variety editions of his Deipnosophists have appear
try he quotes, abundantly testify. Several than serious and terrible ones. The ed on the Continent; the last in fourteen objects by which superstitious terror volumes octavo, by Schweighæuser of Strasis excited, being always obscure and burgh, in 1807. indefinite, present but a limited range The translation of select passages from to the poet, and should be sparingly this entertaining author, from which we used, in oro to avoid monotony, and
mean occasionally to give a certain portion, prevent the disgust which is always
was the work of an elegant scholar, and an sure to be felt, when they are no long- amiable man, who, alas! is no more: he er regarded with astonishment. Ob- occasionally entertained and instructed his
countrymen, but never intruded his name servation and reflection can be fed for
on public notice; and it is from that con. . ever by the infinite variety of particu- sideration alone we feel it right now to with. lars and their relations, and the sen- hold it.
TIMOCRATES asks Athenæus, whe “ Books, and the Muse's love, his sole de. ther he was present at the banquets of
light: the learned, or whether he trusted to With them true wisdom lies.” the report of others, in the account he As well as the following from the had given of them ? Athenæus assures
Theban bard : him that he was present, then speaks As in the sweet society of friends warmly of Laurentius, and the elegant We feel true pleasure, so his joy was found entertainments given at his house, Within the Muse's garden ; there to stray, during which the most curious ques
And cull the sweetest flowers." tions were proposed and discussed.
The author then gives the examples He likewise informs him, that Lau- of other great men who had distinrentius had been appointed to super- guished themselves by their liberality intend the religious ceremonies and and magnificence such as Alexander, sacrifices, by that excellent prince, Conon, Alcibiades, &c. and cites the Marcus Aurelius, because he was ac- following passage from Antiphanes :* quainted with the customs of the “ Good gods! why seek we riches and Greeks and Romans, and spoke both
abundance, languages with equal purity; on which If not to succour our poor friends withal, account he had the name given him of And show Heaven's bounties in the fairest
light? Asigotn, * or ambidexter.
To eat and drink are but the common wants He then speaks of the library of That Nature warrants, and all feel alike : Laurentius, which contained such a
We need no splendid feast to satisfy number of the best Greek authors that Such appetites as these.” it would bear a comparison with the The Cynic (Cynulcus), who had ac most celebrated public collections of quired the name of Tge gedeetvos, or the antiquity. He was so distinguished Supper-hunter, said, that Clearchus for his urbanity, that at his table related, that Charmus of Syracuse apevery one felt himself at his ease, and plied mottos to almost every dish that Rome appeared to be the country of was served up. For instance, if a fish : the human race. The hospitality of Ηκω λιπων Αιγαίον αλμυρου βαδος. his house was such, as to justify the application of the following descrip * “ Antiphanes of Smyrna, or, as some tion from the comic poet, Apollo- say, of Rhodes, was born in or about the dorus :t
ninety-third Olympiad. His father's name
was Demophanes, and his mother's Ænoc; Approaching a friend's house, we see at
people of servile degree. However, he so
signalized himself by his genius, and was A welcome at the gate. The porter stands
held in such respect by his Athenian paWith
open cheerful face to meet the guests ; trons, that a public decree was made for the Old Keeper wags his tail : as he proceeds,
removal of his remains from the Isle of Some kind domestic, with officious zeal,
Chios, where he died at the age of seventy-
Athens, where his funeral honours were rection."
sumptuously performed at the charge of the To Laurentius might be applied state. these lines of Antiphanes :
“ He ranks very high in the middle comedy. The lowest list of his plays amounts
to two hundred and ninety ; and some conIn allusion to this line in Homer's Iliad,
tend that he actually composed three hun01. 163.
dred and sixty five. He is said to have Ηρως Αφεροπαίος επει περιδεξιος ης.»
obtained the prize for thirty comedies. SeHeros Asteropæus, ambidexter enim erat.
veral fragments of his have been selected by + Apollodorus, a comic poet of Gela, in various authors of the lower ages; but they Sicily, of the age of Menander.' He is said do not comprise such a portion of the diato have written forty-seven plays. Donatus logue, as to open the character, style, and intimates that Terence took from him his
manner of this writer, so as to enable us to Phormio and Hecyra.
pronounce upon his comparative excellence This fragment of Apollodorus reminds with any critical precision.”-Cumberland's us of the following beautiful passage in the Observer, vol. iv. p. 78. Heauton of Terence.
of It is not mentioned from what author "Domum revortor moestus, atque animo fere this is taken. It appears to be a parody on Perturbato, atque incerto præ ægritudine ; the first line of the Hecuba of Euripides : Adsido ; accurrunt servi ; soccos detrahunt ; Ηκω νεκρών Κευθμωνα και σκοτε συλας Video alios festinare ; lectos sternere; Cænam apparare ; pro se quisque sedulo Porson refers, in his note upon this pasFaciebat, quo illam mihi lenirent miseriam.” sage, to two other parodies in Athenæus,
Act 1. S. l. but not to this.
“ Scap'd from the salt deep of th' Ægean sea, Other authors are then mentioned, Behold me here"
who had written on good cheer, with And so on to others, which, though several quotations and anecdotes. Ain the original the terms bear some mongst otners, he speaks of a glutton analogy, would be entirely lost in tran- called Philoxenus, after whom certain slation.
cakes were named. Chrysippus speaks Athenæus relates, that it was cus of him thus :-“I knew à glutton, a tomary with many of the guests who fellow of consummate impudence, who frequented the table of Laurentius, to paid so little regard to the accommodabring sentences of this kind as the tion of others, that it was his practice, price of their admission, but that in the bath, to immerse his hands in Charmus, who was a man of great water heated to a great degree; to learning, excelled them all, as scarcely continue them for a long time, and a dish was served up to which he did wash his mouth with the same, to prenot apply some pointed allusion. He vent, by use, their being injured by then speaks of the munificence of the hottest food, and to enable him to
Tellias of Agrigentum, who, in the endure a greater degree of heat than middle of winter, entertained five others.” It is moreover said, that he hundred knights of Gela, and pre- used to bribe the cooks to serve up the sented to each a tunic and a mantle. dishes as hot as possible, so that he
The greater part of the guests prais- might devour what he pleased before ed very highly the lampreys and eels the other guests could touch any thing. of the Straits of Sicily-the paunch or “ Clearchus says, of Philoxenus of stomach of the tunny from Cape Pa- Cythera, that having one day embarkchynus-kids from the Isle of Melosed for Ephesus, he no sooner arrived -mullets from the Sinnathus (a river than he went to the fish-market. On in Sicily)-oysters from Cape Pelorus finding it empty, he inquired the rea---pilchards from Lipara—turnips from son. The people told him that all Mantinea, and beet from Asora. the fish were bought up for the cele
Archestratus of Syracuse, or Gela, bration of a wedding. He immediatecomposed a poem on good eating. ly goes to the bath, from thence to Chrysippus says it was called rasporousa, the house of the married couple, and, others gave it different titles. It be- without invitation, takes his place at
the table. After supper he sings an 66 To universal Greece these rules I give, extempore epithalamium, for he was a That each may know the proper mode to live; dithyrambick poet. In number let the guests be three or four, were delighted, and the bridegroom Five at the most, and not a creature more : gave him an invitation for the next A crowded table is a vile excess,
day. “Yes,' said Philoxenus, ' if No banquet, but a soldier's noisy mess”
there be no fish in the market." Athenæus supposes that Archestra “ We should not,” says Theophilus, tus was ignorant that at the banquet “ imitate Philoxenus, the son of Eof Plato there were twenty-eight ryxis, who, not content with the comguests.
mon gifts of nature, complained that Antiphanes says there are persons, he had not the neck of a crane, to “Who know for certain where a feast is held, prolong the pleasure of tasting his And, uninvited, sit them down as guests." food. If he had petitioned to be transHe adds further :
formed to an ox, a camel, a horse, or 65 "Twere well if fellows of this sort were fed an elephant, he would have done betAt the state's charge, or as they treat the flies ter. These animals have more voraWhen at Olympia they slay an ox, cious appetites, and the enjoyment is And leave the carcass, for this very purpose, augmented in proportion to their To such unbidden guests."
strength and avidity."
“ Phanias relates the following anec* “ Men of this description were, by the dote of this Philoxenus of Cythera, Greeks, called preby the Latins, muscæ, who was a poet, and a notorious lover Alies, which was a general name of reproach of good eating. Supping one evening for such as insinuated themselves into com.
with Dionysius, tyrant of Sicily, he pany where they were not welcome. In observed a large mullet served up to Plautus, an entertainment, free from such the prince, and a very small one placed unwelcome guests, is called hospitium sine muscis.' In Egypt, a fly was the before him. In sight of Dionysius he hieroglyphic of an impudent man.”-Vide took up the little fish, and held it Potter, of Miscellaneous Customs of Greece. his ear. The prince asked him why
gan thus :
he did this ? Philoxenus answered, where he regaled himself with shrimps, that he was then engaged in the com or prawns, which he bought at a position of his Galatea, and was in- great price. They were so very large, quiring of the little fish for some par. that neither those of Smyrna, nor the ticulars relating to Nereus, but could crayfish of Alexandria, were to be obtain no satisfaction; he therefore compared to them. When he was insupposed the fish was too young to formed that prawns of an immense give him the necessary information; size were to be had in Africa, with* but I am persuaded,' added the poet, out delaying a single day, he embark• that the elder one, which stands be- ed for the coast of Lybia. As he apfore you, is fully acquainted with what proached the land, where his fame had I wish to know.' Dionysius smiled arrived before him, having experienced at the jest, and ordered the large mul a dreadful storm in the course of his let to be placed before Philoxenus." voyage, the fishermen came on board
“ This prince often drank freely his vessel, and offered him the best of with Philoxenus; but having detected their fish. • Have you none of a him in an illicit amour with his mis- larger size?' said he. -None larger tress, Galatea, he sent him to prison, are to be met with on this coast,' they where he composed his Cyclops, tak- replied. Recollecting the delicious ing his own misfortunes for the argu- prawns of Minturnum, he ordered his ment. The Cyclops was Dionysius- pilot to steer immediately for the coast the flute player Galatea, and the poet of Italy, without approaching nearer himself Ulyss.s."
to that of Africa.” “ There lived at Rome, in the time “ Aristoxenus of Cyrene, a volupof Tiberius, a voluptuary of great tuous philosopher, used to sprinkle wealth, named Alpicius, after whom the lettuces in his garden every evencertain cakes were called. In the gra- ing with wine mixed with honey ; tification of his appetite he spent im- and gathering them early in the morn
He usually resided at ing, called them the green cakes which Minturnum, a town in Campania, the earth produced for his use."
“ Nicomedes, king of Bithynia, be* In an old book, under the title of ing at a great distance from the sea, “Wits, Fitts, and Fancies, &c. printed at expressed a desire to eat the small fisk London, by Richard Johnes, at the sign of called apun, or anchovy; his cook, the Rose and Crowne, next above St An not being able to procure them, condrewe's Church, in Holborne," 1595, 4to, trived to imitate this fish so well, that in the chapter which treats of “ Table he deceived his master; which, by a matter," many ancient witticisms are given; fragment from the comịc poet, Euphand, amongst others, the following, which ron, was thus accomplished : He took is evidently borrowed from this anecdote of
a turnip, and cut it into small pieces, Philoxenus.
“ At a nobleman's banquet, a ship of imitating, as much as possible, the marchpane stuffe was set upon the board, form of the anchovy. These pieces he wherein was all manner of fishes in the like fried in oil, with a sufficient quantity stuffe. Every one snatched thereatma sea of salt, then sprinkled them with the captain, sitting far off, could not reach there. seed of twelve black poppies. By this unto ; but one of the company gave him a ingenious artifice he deceived and
grasprat, which hee receiving, helde it a good tified the palate of the king, who was space to his ear.
The nobleman seeing it, at that time on the confines of Scyasked him his conceipt therein. He then, thia, so that he boasted to his friends in reference to the little portion that came to him out of that marchpane, thus merrily of the excellent anchovies which he answered : • And like your grace, my fa. had eaten.” ther before me (as your honour knows), was sometimes a sea captain ; and it was his mischance, and my hard hap, that since his last undertaken voyage at sea, which was some twelve years ago, I never since could heare what was become of him ; wherefore of every fish that falleth into my hands I In that rambling, confused, and instill aske, whether it can tell me any news of him ? and this pettie sprat (my lord) saith conclusive work, Mr Coleridge's Biohe was then a little one, and remembers no graphia Literaria, there is, neverthesuch matter."
less, to be found a vast quantity of
DAVID HUME CHARGED BY MR COLE
RIDGE WITH PLAGIARISM FROM ST
singularly acute metaphysical disqui- this pastor the uncle knew nothing, but that sition; and there occur many very he was a very good man. With great dif. amusing illustrations and anecdotes. ficulty, and after much search, our young In his sixth chapter, where he treats the pastor's, who had lived with him as his
medical philosopher discovered a niece of of Hartley's system, and undertakes to house-keeper, and had inherited his effects. shew that, as far as it differs from that She remembered the girl ; related, that her of Aristotle, it is neither tenable in venerable uncle had been too indulgent, and theory, nor founded on facts, he re could not bear to hear the girl scolded ; that lates the following curious instance of she was willing to have kept her, but that delirium, in which, according to his after her patron's death, the girl herself rebelief, the ideas, or relicks of long- fused to stay. Anxious inquiries were then before received impressions, exactly of course made, concerning the pastor's haimitated the order of those impres
bits; and the solution of the phenomenon sions,—the will and reason being to it had been the old man's custom, for years,
was soon obtained. For it appeared, that all appearance wholly suspended.
to walk up and down a passage of his house “ A case of this kind occurred in a Ca. into which the kitchen door opened, and to tholic town in Germany a year or two be. read to himself with a loud voice, out of his fore my arrival at Göttingen, and had not favourite books. A considerable number of then ceased to be a frequent subject of con these were still in the niece's possession. versation. A young woman of four or five She added, that he was a very learned man and twenty, who could neither read nor and a great Hebraist. Among the books write, was seized with a nervous fever ; were found a collection of rabinical writ. during which, according to the asseverations ings, together with several of the Greek and of all the priests and monks in the neigh- Latin fathers ; and the physician succeeded bourhood, she became possessed, and, as it in identifying so many passages with those appeared, by a very learned devil. She taken down at the young woman's bed-side, continued incessantly talking Latin, Greek, that no doubt could remain in any rational and Hebrew, in very pompous tones, and mind concerning the true origin of the im. with most distinct enunciation. This pos- pressions made on her nervous system.” session was rendered more probable by the
Mr Coleridge observes, that this que known fact, that she was or had been an heretic. Voltaire humorously advises the and instance that relicks of sensation
thenticated case furnishes both proof devil to decline all acquaintance with medical men ; and it would have been more to
may exist, for an indefinite time, in a his reputation, if he had taken this advice latent state, in the very same order in in the present instance. The case had at which they were originally impressed ; tracted the particular attention of a young for, it cannot be supposed that, in a case physician, and by his statement many emi like this, the feverish state of the brain nent physiologists and psychologists visit would act in any other way than as a ed the town, and cross-examined the case
stimulus. on the spot. Sheets full of her ravings thinks it probable that all thoughts
Mr Coleridge therefore were taken down from her own mouth, and were found to consist of sentences, coherent
are in themselves imperishable, and and intelligible each for itself, but with that if the intelligent faculty should little or no connexion with each other. Of be rendered more comprehensive, it the Hebrew, a small portion only could would require only a different and apbe traced to the Bible ; the remainder portioned organization, the body celesseemed to be in the rabinical dialect. All tial instead of the body terrestrial, te trick or conspiracy was out of the question. bring before every human soul the Not only had the young woman ever been collective experience of its whole past an harmless, simple creature ; but she was
existence. evidently labouring under a nervous fever,
“ And all this,” he adds, In the town, in which she had been resi.
perchance is the dread book of judgdent for many years as a servant in different ment, in whose mysterious hieroglyfamilies, no solution presented itself. The phics every idle word is recorded.' young physician, however, determined to We fear that this extraordinary story hance her past life step by step ; for the pa- will not greatly benefit the science of tient herself was incapable of returning a metaphysics ; for, in the first place, all rational answer. He at length succeeded in discovering the place where her parents had occurred in a Catholic town in Ger
we know of it is, that it is said to have lived : travelled thither, found them dead, but an uncle surviving; and from him many, a year or two before Mr Colelearnt, that the patient had been charitably ridge's arrival at Göttingen, and on taken by an old protestant pastor at nine such a vague and indefinite statement, years old, and had remained with him some no true philosopher could, we think, years, even till the old man's death. Of venture to found any serious specula