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likeness to innumerableprints and busts other features retained every mark of which I had seen. Fox, in repose, had energy ; his eyes and his mouth alone by far the more striking external of betrayed the debauchee. There is a the two. His face had the massiness, certain glassiness in the eye, and a precision, and gravity of a bronze sta- certain tremulous smoothness in the tue. His eyes, bright but gentle, lips, which I never missed in the counseemed to lurk under a air of recti- tenance of a man of pleasure when he linear, ponderous, and shaggy eye- speaks. Fox had both in perfection ; brows. His cheeks square and it was only in the moments of his firm ; his forehead- and serene. highest enthusiasm that they entirely The head could have no disho- disappeared. Then indeed, when his nour to poet, philosop prince. physiognomy was lighted up with There was some little in schon in the wrath or indignation, or intensest earlips, and a tinge of luxur over the nestness-then, indeed, the activity of lower features of the face. But be- his features did full justice to their renignity, mingled with ower, was the pose. The gambler was no longer to predominant as well as the primary be discovered---you saw only the oraexpression of the whole ; and no man tor and the patriot. They tell us, need have started had he been told that modern oratory and modern acthat such was the physiognomy of- tion are tame, when compared with Thesus, Sophocles, or Trajan.-- Pitt, what the ancients witnessed; I doubt, in the same state of inaction, would however, if either in the Pnyx or the not have made nearly such an impres- Forum, more over-mastering energy, sion on those who knew him not. It both of language and of gesture, was must have required the united skill of ever exhibited, than I have seen disLavater and Spurzheim to discover in played in the House of Commons by him prima facie, a great man.

His Mr Fox. When he sat down, it seemposition was stiff, his person meagre. ed as if he had been, like the PythaHis nose was ill-formed, and on a very ness of old, filled and agitated Iw ayar anti-grecian angle; his lips were in- bsw. His whole body was dissolved in elegantly wavering in their line; his floods of perspiration, and his fingers cheekbone projected too much, and his continued for some minutes to vibrate, chin too little. The countenance as if he had been recovering from, a seemed expressive of much cleverness, convulsion. but it was not till he spake that the “ Mr Fox was a finer orator than marks of genius seized upon the at- Mr Pitt. His mode of speaking was tention. Had an utter stranger been in itself more passionate, and it had shewn the heads at a theatre, and in- more power over the passions of those formed that they were those of the to whom it was addressed. His lantwo great politicians of England, he guage was indeed loose and inaccurate would certainly have imagined the at times ; but in the midst of all its dark eye-brows and solemn simplicity faults, no trace could ever be disoverto belong to the son of Chatham, and ed of the only fault upardonable in guessed the less stately physiognomy orators as in poets—weakness. He to be the property of his rnore Mer- was evidently a man of a strong and curial antagonist.

grasping intellect, filled with enthusi“ Not so, had he seen either of astic devotion to his cause, and possos them for the first time in the act of sing, in a mind saturated with speaking. A few sentences, combined most multifarious information, abunwith the mode of their delivery, were dant means of confirming his position sufficient to bring matters to their due by all the engines of illustration and level—to raise Mr Pitt at least to the allusion. It was my fortune to hear original standard of his rival, and, I him speak before Mr Pitt, and, I conrather think, to take away somewhat fess, that upon the conclusion of his of the first effect produced by the im- harangue, filled with admiration for posing majesty of Mr Fox's features. his warmth, his elegance, and the apThey

were both exquisite speakers, and parent wisdom of the measures he reyet no two things could be more dis- commended, it was not my expectasimilar than their modes of oratory. tion, certainly not my wish, that an Fox displayed less calmness and dig- impression equal or superior in power nity than his physiognomy might have should be left upon me by the eloseemed to promise. In speaking, his quence of the rival statesman.

“ Nevertheless, it was so. I do not mire in a speech, was exactly what he, say

that I consider Mr Pitt as so near- from principle, despised and omitted. ly'allied to the great politician-orator He presented what he conceived to be of Athens as his rival; but I think he the truth, that is, the wisdom of the exhibited a far higher specimen of case, in simplicity, in noble simpliciwhat a statesman-orator should be, ty, as it was. Minds of grasp and than Mr Fox-perhaps than Demos- nerve comprehended him, and such thenes himself ever did. It is true, alone were worthy of doing so. The that the illustrious ancient addressed small men who spend their lives in a motley multitude of clever, violent, pointing epigrams or weaving periods, light, uncertain, self-conceited, and could not enter into the feelings which withal, begotted Athenians; and that made him despise the opportunity of the nature of his oratory was, perhaps displaying, for the sake of doing ; and better than any other, adapted to such they reviled him as if the power, not an audience, invested by the absur- the will, had been wanting, dities of a corrupted constitution, with

λαθροι παγγλωσσια powers

which no similar assembly ever Κωρακες ως άκραντα γαρυεμεν can possess without usurpation, or exer- Διος ωρος ορνιθα θειον. . cise without tyranny. Mr Fox had a Instead of following with reverent strong leaning—as I apprehend, by gaze the far-ascending flight and beamfar too strong a leaning to the demo- ing eye of the eagle, they criticised cratic part of the British constitution. him, like the peacocks of the Hindoo He even spoke more for the multitude fable, because he had no starry feawithout, than for the few within, the thers in his tail, and because the beauwalls of the House of Commons; and ty of his pinions consisted only in the his resemblance to Demosthenes was uniform majesty of their strength. perhaps a fault, rather than an excel

“ The style of speaking which was lence.

-Mr Pitt always remembered employed by this great man, seems to that it was his business to address be the only style worthy of such a and convince, not the British AHMOZ, spirit as his was, entrusted with such but the British Senate.

duties as he discharged. Intellect “ His mode of speaking was totally embodied in language by a patriot, devoid of hesitation, and equally so of these few words comprehend every affectation. The stream of his dis- thing that can be said of it. Every course flowed on smoothly, uninter- sentence proceeded from his mouth uptedly, copiously. The tide of Fox's

as perfect, in all respects, as if it eloquence might present a view of had been balanced and elaborated in more windings and cataracts, but it by the retirement of his closet ; and yet no means suggested the same idea of no man for an instance suspected him utility ;-nor, upon the whole, was of bestowing any previous attention the impression it produced of so ma- whatever on the form or language of jestic a character. " Mr Pitt was, with- his harangues. His most splendid apout all doubt, a consummate speaker, pearances were indeed most frequently but in the midst of his eloquence it replies, so that no such supposition was impossible to avoid regarding him could exist in the minds of those who at all times, as being more of a philo- heard him. I have heard many

elon sopher than of an orator. What to quent orators in England as well as other men seems to be a most magni- elsewhere, but the only one who never ficent end, he appeared to regard only seemed to be at a loss for a single word, as one among many means for accom- or to use the less exact instead of the plishing his great purpose. Statesman

more precise expression, or to close a ship was, indeed, with him the requin sentence as if the beginning of it had apXitextovun, and every thing was kept passed from his recollection, was Wilin strict subservience to it. What Plato liam Pitt. The thoughts

, or the feelvainly wished to see in a king, had he ings of such a soul would have disa lived in our days, he might have beheld dained to be set forth in a shape muin a minister.

tilated or imperfect. In like manner, By men of barren or paltry minds, the intellect of Pitt would have scornI can conceive it quite possible that ed to borrow any ornament excepting Pitt, as a speaker, might have been con- only from his patriotism. The sole templated with very little admiration. fire of which he made use was the That which they are qualified to ad- pure original element of heaven. It

was only for such as him to be elo- fitted for a leader of Parliamentary quent after that sort. The casket was opposition, than for a Prime-minister not a gaudy one ; but it was so rich, of England; for his talents were rathat it must have appeared ridiculous ther of the destructive than of the conaround a more ordinary jewel.

structive kind, and his virtues were “While Pitt and Fox were both alive, more those of an easy and gentle and in the fulness of their strength, in heart, than of a firm unshaken will. one or other of the great parties of Providence fixed him, during the far England, each of these illustrious men greater part of his life, where he was possessed an inflexible host of revilers best fitted to be, and was equally wise -almost, such is the blindness of par- in determining the brighter fortune of ty spirit, of contemners. It is a strange his rival. That fortune, however anomalous circumstance in the consti- bright, was, nevertheless, to judge as tution of our nature that it should be men commonly do, no very enviable so, but the fact itself is quite certain, boon. The life of Pitt was spent all that, in all ages of the world, political, in labour—much of it in sorrow; but, even more than military leaders, have England and Europe may thank their been subjected to this absurd use of God, his great spirit was formed for its the privilege which their inferiors have destiny, and never sunk into desponof judging them. So spake the Mace- dence. Year after year rolled over his donian vulgar of Demosthenes; so the head, and saw his hairs turning gray more pernicious Athenian rabble of from care, not for himself, but for his Philip. The voice of detraction, country; but every succeeding year however, is silenced by death, -none left this Atlas of the world as proudly would listen to it over the tomb of the inflexible, beneath his gigantic burillustrious. A noble and patriotic poet den, as before. Rarely, very rarely, of England has already embalmed, in has it happened that one man has had lines that will never die, those feelings it in his power to be so splendidly, so of regret and admiration wherewith eternally, the benefactor of his species. every Englishman now walks above So long as England preserves, within the mingled ashes of Pitt and Fox. her guarded shore,' the Palladium of The genius, the integrity, the patriot- all her heroes—the sacred pledge of ism of either, is no longer disputed. Freedom, his name will be the pride The keenest partisan of the one de- and glory of the soil that gave him parted chief would not wish to see the birth. Nay, even should, at some dislaurel blighted on the bust of his an- tant day, the liberty of that favourtagonist. Under other names the same ed land expire, in the memory of political contests are continued ; and strangers he shall abundantly have so, while England.is England, must his reward; for that holy treasure they ever be. But already, such is which he preserved to England might, the untarrying generosity of this great but for the high resolution of this panation, and such the natural calmness triot martyr, have been lost for ever, of its spirit, the public judgment is at not to her only, but to the world. one concerning the men themselves.

• He was a man, take him for all in all, The stormy passions of St Stephen's We shall not look upon his like again.” chapel are at once chastened into repose by the solemn stillness of Westminster Abbey

“ It is probable that this national generosity has been carried too far. For me, I partake in the general admiration I refuse to neither the honour that is his due. But, as I did while they were alive, so, now they are

We have been favoured with the trandead, I still judge them impartially. slation of a Sanscrit Ode, made by the There is no reason why I should join late William Tolfrey, Esq. of Columin the atonement, since I was guiltless bo, a young gentleman whose premaof the sin.

ture death is a great loss to literature, “ Mr Fox was, I think, a man of religion, and society. He originally great talents and of great virtues, whose went to India as an officer in the artalents and virtues were both better my, and had the good fortune to

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share in the battle of Assaye, and to

5 Resembles the lustre of the moon obtain the favourable opinion of the --the many-flowering jasmin — the Duke of Wellington; but though this white lotas--the shining dewa row opened to him prospects of military of precious pearls. advancement, the natural inclination

III. of his mind was towards literature.

1 He who is as a Tilaka (tiara to He had acquired, by great diligence those serving under him, resplendent and uncommon aptitude, a general and with an assemblage of good actions ; profound knowledge of the Oriental

2 Who conducts himself in strict languages, and he dedicated the fruits conformity to the precepts of our Saof his study and his talents to the best viour Jesus Christ; of all works—the diffusion of the holy 3 Who is well informed in the laws, Scriptures into the language of the and deeply versed in religious knowpeople amongst

. whom his residence ledge ; was thus accidentally thrown: he had

4 Who, when in council, surroundparticularly obtained a perfect know- ed by his friends, his councillors, and Iedge of the Cingalese, or Sanscrit, of his relations, resembles the moon enCeylon; and from this language, as a circled by the stars ; specimen of the style of the people, he 5 Who is, in the estimation of learnmade the following literal version of a ed men, as precious as a garland of panegyric on the Governor, which, for lowers worn on the head. poverty and exaggeration, bombast and

IV. common-place, and all the other great

1 He who hath given joy to Lanka; qualities of the bathos, is hardly to be excelled by any court poet of any age and a constant source of delight to the

2 Who is of a cheerful disposition, or nation.

virtuous ;

3 Who is as a crown to the divine THE BROWNRIGG ASHTAKE',

religion ; A Sanscrit Ode in Honour of His Excellency 4 Who is strongly inclined to the

SIR ROBERT BROWNRIGG, G.C. B. Go- practice of good deeds; vernor of Ceylon ;

5 Who is descended from an emiBy PETROS PUNDITA SEKARA,

nent race.

A Native of the said Island.

1 In whose arms dwells the Goddess I.

of Prosperity, who frequents the com1 May he be for ever illustrious, pany of the learned; who, in the year of Christ 1815,- 2 In whose mouth dwells the God.

2 On the ninth day from the sun's dess of Eloquence, who is gifted with entrance into the sign Kumbha,* on a presence of mind upon all occasions ; Saturday,

3 Who is worthy to be celebrated 3 Achieved the conquest of the city in verse; of Sen-Khanda-Saila,t in the island of 4 Who rejoices the learned as the Lanka, I

dewy-rayed luminary causes the lotos 4 Who destroyed the hostile powers flowers to expand their leaves ; by which it had been oppressed. -- 5 Who, in the destruction of his

5 Who is skilled in war, being en- enemies, is as a lion against elephants. dued with truth, piety, courage, and

VI. liberality--the four indispensable qua

1 Who speaks truth at all timeslities of a hero.

who is fond of associating with the II.

virtuous; 1 May the one only God of the uni- 2 Who has attained to wisdom by verse, Lord of the past, present, and the study of various branches of future,

science ; 2 Preserve, for one hundred years, 3 Who is irradiated with all manhim

ner of prosperity, and freely bestows 3 Who, born in England, rules over whatever may be wished for by men ; Lanka;

4 Who looks forward with earnesta 4 Whose exalted and unspotted fame, ness to the reign of Heaven; diffused throughout the whole world, Who is endued with all wisdom,

virtue, splendour, and glory; and who * Aquaricus.

+ Kandi. #Ceylon. hath an excellent understanding.


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moral sense of the world is against EMINENT LITERARY CHARACTERS. you here; nor could the example of

far better and far wiser men than the Letter IV.-To the Editor of Black- Edinburgh Reviewers reconcile us to wood's Magazine.

any severity or sarcasm on what is no

crime, but merely a misfortune. They MY DEAR EDITOR,

have sported with insanity-your corI give you many thanks for your kind respondent with deformity ; nor is his and amusing letter of the 20th ult. fault altogether lost in the greater atroand congratulate you on your last city of theirs. At the same time, I Number, which is a capital one, full cannot think that the “ two Beasts," of spirit and vivacity, and will, I as they call themselves in the sumverily believe, promote your sale.” mons which you sent me to look at, You wish to have my free and candid will ever bring the affair into a Jury opinion of your work in general, and Court. As literary people, they never I will now try to answer your queries had much character to lose; and therein a satisfactory way. Your Magazine fore the damages, if they get a verdict is far indeed from being a faultless in their favour, establishing the fact monster, which the world ne'er saw ;” of their being the two Beasts, would for it is full of faults, and most part of be exceedingly small, perhaps only nothe world has seen it. But it is be- minal. At all events, they would lose yond measure entertaining, and cus- more by making themselves so openly

cannot stale its infinite variety.” ridiculous, than they could ever gain Just go on, gradually improviny Num- by the most successful trial. If, howber after Number, and you will make ever, the trial comes on, let me know a fortune. Your «

magnum opus” of it; for Mrs Tickler has a longing has had a most blessed effect, I can desire to hear Mr Jeffrey speak, and assure you, on Mrs Tickler's temper, certainly his commentaries on the which was, you know, formerly some- « Chaldee” could not fail of being what too saturnine. When I see

very diverting. her sitting, on the evening of the You ask me what I think of the 20th of each month, with your Maga- Poetical Notices. They are, without zine in her hand, I chuckle over the exception, the only things of the kind discovery at last of a medicine for her that I ever read, and have about them distemper, more efficacious than the a good-humoured whimsicality that is prescriptions of all the doctors. But peculiar to themselves. They are the to the business before me.

dawnings of quite a new School of In the first place, you ask what is Poetry. You cannot be serious when my private opinion of the famous Chal- you say that they have given great dee MS.? [ almost wish you had been offence. The Notices--the good-namum here, for it is a very delicate tured, facetious, urbane Notices, give subject. With all my regard for you, great offence! Impossible! They are I cannot approve of that singular work. quite saccharine. Never were compliThere must be something wrong in ments more delicately turned and pothe spirit of composition that has lished than those to the different Bibliexcited so much anger in the world. opolists. I perfectly agree with you, that the “ The most are chiefly under one huge Eastern style of writing is open to the thumb,” imitation of the various nations of the Is the most comprehensive line in the West; that the MS. is not a profane whole body of English poetry. What parody at all; and that it is extremely a picture of power and of subjection in clever. But if it contains, as it is one single line ! I would with pleasure supposed, sarcasms against personal go over the whole, word by word, and defects, surely you do not need to be perhaps I may do so in some future told that such sarcasms are altogether letter ; but I shall say no more at indefensible. They are really as cri- present, than that I almost wished I minal as those jokes and gibes in the had been an Edinburgh bookseller Edinburgh Review at the old age and myself, to have had immortality conmental alienation of our king, though, ferred upon me, unsought, unsusfortunately for the credit of your work, pected, and undeserved. they have not been so frequently and You go on to ask me what I think wantonly repeated. However, the of Constable's Magazine ? Oh! my

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