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18 C. Lleon


Caerleon on Usk.


ment, the Romans drew out the best 14 C. Lwytcoet
troops of the Britons, and sent them

15 C. Vyrnach*

16 C. Fuddur into the country of Arabia, and other

17 C. Gorgyrn distant regions, and they never return 19 C. Selmion ed. And even the Romans who were

20 C. Gorgorn in Britain retired to Italy, until there 22 C. Lysidit

21 C, Mygit were none of them left except women

23 C. Peris

24 C. Caer Llion and little children: and thus were the 25 C. Weir

26 C. Caradoc Britons weakened, so that they could


27 C. Widawlwir
not make stand against the inroads 28 C. Esc
and oppression of their enemies for Some MS. books reckon seven more
want of men and strength. The se-

Caers: C. Lyn. C. Flawydd, C. Gei,
cond was Gwrtheyrn Curtheran, who, C. Fyrddin, C. Arfon, Č. Ennarawd,
after murdering Constantine (Cysten- C. Faddon.
yn) the blessed, and seizing the crown

VII. Three prime seats of the tribes
of the island through violence and of the island of Britain : Arthur,t the
spoil, invited the Saxons into this head sovereign, in Caerleon on Usk;
island to be his defenders and guards; Dewi the head' bishop, and Maclown
and gave his hand to Alis Rhonwen, of Gwynedd the head elder.
the daughter of Hengist; and he gave Arthur, the head sovereign in Pen-
the crown of the island to the son he rhyn Rhionydd in the North ; Cyn,
had by her, whose name was Cotta ; deyrn Garthwys the head bishop, and
for which reason the kings of London Garthmwl Wledig the head elder.
are called the children of Alis (Plant

From the South Wales Copy.
Alis). On account of this Gwrtheyrn,

62. The three archbishops of the
the Cumry lost their lands, their rights, island of Britain : The first, Landaff

, and their crown, in England. The from the gift of Lleirwg ap Coel ap third was Medrod ap Llew ap Cyve- Cyllin, who first gave lands and privifarch, when Arthur left the govern- leges to those

who had engaged them. ment of the Island of Britain under his selves to be of the faith of Christ; the protection, while he was marching a

second was York, from the gift of Con. gainst the emperor in Rome (where stantine the emperor, for he was the there was no emperor at that time); first of the Roman emperors who then Medrod took the crown from Ar- pledged himself to the faith of Christ ; thur through force and rapine ; and, in the third London, by the gift of Maxen order to keep it, he confederated with the emperor.

After that, the chief the Saxons; and for that reason, the

seats were Caerleon on Usk, Gelliwig
Cumry lost the crown of England, and in Cornwall, and Caer Rhionyeld in
the sovereignty of the Island of Britain. the North. And now they are Mynyu
From the Hergest Copy of the Triads. (St David's), York, and Čanterbury.

IV. Three principal rivers of the
island of Britain: The Thames (Tain), of the island of Britain : One, Caerleon

64. Three prime seats of the tribes
the Severn (Safren), the Humber

on Usk, and there Arthur is the head
(Hymyr). (In the South Wales copy sovereign (Pen-thailk the head-oath
this triad is the 66th, and runs thus :
“ Severn in Wales, Tain* in England, Wledig, head bishop, and Maclgwn of

on law), Dewi the saint, ap Cunedda
and the Humber in Deifyr and Bry- Gwynedd, the head elder. The second
The principal cities are twenty-eight, Arthur is head sovereign, Bedwini the

is Gelliwig in Cornwall

, and there also
that is to say,

head bishop, and Caradog, with the
1 Caer Alclwyd
2 C. Evrog

brawny arm, the head elder; and the

third is Penrhyn Rhionydd in the
North, and there also Arthur is head
sovereign, and Cyndeyrn Garthwys the



3 C. Geint
4 C. Wrangon
5 C. Lundain
6 C. Lirion
7 C. Golun
8 C. Loyw
9 C. Serit
10 C. Went
11 c. Wenti
12 C. Grant
13 C. Dawrill

Cerencester, if so.
On the way to Aust Passage.
Dorchester, Oxon.

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* Llyntain, the lake of Tain.
+ Query Ceri? Venta Silurum.

\! Dawn in Renn.

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head bishop, and Gierthmwl. Wledig harlotry of his polluted muse. We the head elder.

were the first to brand with a burning 65. Three privileged harbours in iron the false face of this kept-misthe island of Britain : The harbour of tress of a demoralizing incendiary, Perth Ysgewin in Gwent, and the har- We tore off her gaudy veil and tranbour of Gwygyt in Mona, and the har- sparent drapery, and exhibited the bour of Perth Gwyddne in Cardigan- painted cheeks and writhing limbs of shire.

the prostitute. We denounced to the 56. Three presenters of benefits, execration of the people of England, i. e. benefactors to the nation of the the man who had dared to write in Cumry: The first, Hugadarn, who the solitude of a cell, whose walls first shewed the way to the nation of ought to have heard only the sighs of the Cumry to plow the land, when contrition and repentance, a lewd tale they were in the summer country, be- of incest, adultery, and murder, in fore they came hither : The second, which the violation of Nature herself Coll ap Coll Frewi, who first intro was wept over, palliated, justified, and duced wheat and barley to this island held up to imitation, and the violators of Britain, where till then there were themselves worshipped as holy maronly oats and rye: The third was Ell- tyrs. The story of Rimini had begun tud the knight, a saint from the cathe- to have its admirers; but their deluddral of Theodosius in Glamorganshire, ed minds were startled at our charges, who improved the mode of plowing. --and on reflecting upon the charac. the land, and who gave them a better ter of the poem, which they had read method and art of managing their land with a dangerous sympathy, not on than they knew before; that is the account of its poetical merit, which is same that now prevails ; whereas for small indeed, but on account of those merly the land was not cultivated but voluptuous scenes, so dangerous even with a mattock and a plough under to a pure imagination, when insidifoot, in the same way as the Irish. ously painted with the seeming col

ours of virtue,—they were astounded at their own folly and their own dan

ger, and consigned the wretched volTHE COCKNEY SCHOOL OF POETRY. ume to that ignominious oblivion,

which, in a land of religion and moNo III.

rality, must soon be the doom of all

obscene and licentious productions. Our hatred and contempt of Leigh The story of Rimini is heard of no Hunt as a writer, is not so much ow

But Leigh Hunt will not be ing to his shameless irreverence to his quiet. His hebdomadal hand is held aged and afflicted king-to his profli- up, even on the Sabbath, against every gate attacks on the character of the man of virtue and genius in the land; king's sonsto his low-born insolence but the great defamer claims to himto that aristocracy with whom he self an immunity from that disgrace would in vain claim the alliance of one which he knows his own wickedillustrious friendship-to his paid ness has incurred,the Cockney calpanderism to the vilest passions of umniator would fain hold his own disthat mob of which he is himself a graced bead sacred from the iron finfirebrand-to the leprous crust of self- gers of retribution. But that head conceit with which his whole moral shall be brought low-ayelow " as being is indurated-to that loathsome heaped up justice” ever sunk that of vulgarity which

constantly clings an offending scribbler against the laws round him like a vermined garment of Nature and of God. from St Giles'-to that irritable tem: Leigh Hunt dared not, Hazlitt per which keeps the unhappy man, dared not, to defend the character of in spite even of his vanity, in a per- the “Story of Rimini.” A man may petual fret with himself and all the yentựre to say that in verse which it world beside, and that shews itself is perilous to utter in plain prose. equally in his deadly enmities and Even they dared not to affirm to the capricious friendships, our hatred and people of England, that a wife who contempt of Leigh Hunt, we say, is had committed incest with her hus not so much owing to these and other band's brother, ought on her death te causes, as to the odious and unnatural be buried in the same tomb with her


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fratricidal paramour, and that tomb to Leigh Hunt in his domestic relations. be annually worshipped by the youths The world could not understand the and virgins of their country. And nature of his poetical love of incest; therefore Leigh Hunt flew into a sa and instead of at once forgetting both vage passion against the critic who the poem and the poet, many people had chastised his crime, pretended set themselves to speculate, and talk, that he himself was insidiously char- and ask questions, and pry into secged with the offences which he had rets with which they had nothing to applauded and celebrated in others, do, till at last there was something and tried to awaken the indignation of like an identification of Leigh Hunt the public against his castigator, as if himself with Paolo, the incestuous he had been the secret assassin of pri- hero of Leigh Hunt's chief Cockney vate character, who was but the open poem. This was wrong, and, we befoe of public enormity. The attempt lieve, wholly unjust; but it was by was hopeless,—the public voice has no means unnatural ; and precisely lifted up against Hunt, and sentence what Leigh Hunt is himself in the of excommunication from the poets of weekly practice of doing to other peoEngland has been pronounced, en- ple without the same excuse. Leigh rolled, and ratified.

Hunt has now spoken out so freely to There can be no radical distinction the publicon the subject, that there can allowed between the private and pub- be no indelicacy in talking of it, in lic character of a poet. If a poet sym as far as it respects him, at least ; and pathizes with and justifies wickedness since he has most unjustly accused us, in his poetry, he is a wicked man. It and our brethren the Quarterly Rematters not that his private life may viewers, of seeking to destroy his rebe free from wicked actions. Corrupt putation, it is worth while to hear his moral principles must be,--and if him speak for himself. The exhibihis conduct has not been flagrantly tion he makes in a late Number of the immoral, the cause must be looked Examiner is singular, and, on many for in constitution, &c. but not in accounts, painful. conscience. It is therefore of little or no importance, whether Leigh Hunt ed against those who enrage the world by

“ As a specimen of the calumnies directbe or be not a bad private character. differing with them, and who will practise He maintains, that he is a most excel- neither their want of charity towards others

, lent private character, and that he nor their gross and exclusive indulgence towould blush to tell the world how wards themselves, we lay before our readers highly he is thought of by an host of the following extraordinary accusations. respectable friends. Be it so,-and We do not know whether our contempt of that bis vanity does not delude him.

their falsity would have allowed us to do But this is most sure, that, in such a

this had they been mentioned to us in a case, the world will never be brought ceive, that the writer of the letter on the

different style; but we think we can pera to believe even the truth. The world subject is really a well-wisher, and we will is not fond of ingenious distinctions give an answer to a single honest and kind between the theory and the practice of person, which we might deny to thousands morals. The public are justified in re of malignant'accusers and unconscious flatfusing to hear a man plead in favour of terers, like the Quarterly Reviewers, his character, when they hold in their miserable gabblers behind walls --who take hands a work of his in which all res

care at once to accuse and to exempt,“to pect to character is forgotten. We

endeavour to injure, and to save themselves We from the consequences of their falsehood

. must reap

the fruit of what we sow; and if evil and unjust reports have Editor of this paper niust be astonished.

Our Correspondent, after saying that the arisen against Leigh Hunt as a man, but he had better publish the whole letter and unluckily for him it is so, he ought not to attribute the rise of such

June 11, 1818. reports to the political animosities “SIR,_If your character really is such which his virulence has excited, but as the readers of the Examiner imagine it to to the real and obvious cause his be, (and that is the only source from whence voluptuous defence of crimes revolting require a key to understand the illiberal at:

I can form a judgment) you must certainly to Nature. The publication of the voluptuous Number of the Quarterly Review, and to

tack that is made upon you in the last story of Rimini was followed, it would enable you to do so, I inform you, that re. appear, by mysterious charges against port speaks of you as a perfect tyrant in

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your family, and your wife as the most ab- has been driven stiflingly back upon ject of your slaves, (of course not a willing himself, and he who strove to spread one), that you are so entirely devoted to the the infection of a loathsome licentiousgratification of your passions, and so com

ness among the tender moral constituletely given up to sensuality, that no te

tions of the young, has been at length male of your acquaintance is secure from your addresses, for not any ties are con- rewarded, as it was Atting he should sidered by you as sacred, if they come in be, by the accusation of being himself contact with your inclination ; and that guilty of those crimes which it was the a sister of Mrs Hunt's resides with you, object of “The Story of Rimini” ti vnwho is the mother of at least one child, of courage and justify in others. The world which you are the father. When I heard knew nothing of him but from his this account, my first thought was to send works ; and were they blameable (even it to you instantly, in order that I might though they erred) in believing him judge, by the notice you took of it, whether it was true ; my second dismissed it alto- capable of any enormities in his own gether as a vile fabrication, nor has it ever person, whose imagination feasted and eccurred to my memory since, till I read the gloated on the disgusting details of article in the Quarterly, where the writer so adultery and incest? They were reevidently accuses you of these things, which, pelled and sickened by such odious if you are innocent of, you certainly cannot and unnatural wickedness—he was atcomprehend his meaning, that in justice I tracted and delighted. What to them have been induced to send you every infor.

was the foulness of pollution, seemed mation in my power, to enable you to repel to him the beauty of innocence. What and prove his accusation false. In the hope to them was the blast from hell, to that you can, and will do so, remain

your sincere


him was the air from heaven. They “An assailant of all the women that came

read and they condemned. They in his way! A tyrant to his wife ! And the asked each other “ What manner of father of children by her sister !_Really, man is this?” The charitable were the Editor of this paper never knew his silent. It would perhaps be hard to prodigious effect on the bigotted and the call them uncharitable who spoke worldly-minded till now! He was prepared aloud. Thoughts were associated with for and has borne a good deal of calumny; his name which shall be nameless by both real and imaginary, in differing with them; and he has always let it run silently us; and at last the wretched scribbler from off him, like rain from a bird's wings. himself has had the gross and unfeelHe must give the present shower a shake, ing folly to publish them all to the if it is only to oblige his well-wisher. He world, and that too in a tone of levity says,' then, that the whole of these charges that could have been becoming only are most malignantly and ridiculously false, on our former comparatively trivial so as to make those who are in habits of in- charges against him of wearing yeltercourse with him alternately give way to

way to low breeches, and dispensing with indignation and laughter. He knows several ladies, whom he respects and admires; his shoulders, according to his rather

the luxury of a neckcloth. He shakes and even (with permission of poor Giffard) likes to see happy ; but he believes they are iniquitous custom, at being told that no more afraid of him than of the light at he is suspected of adultery and incest ! their windows : and as to being a tyrant to A pleasant subject of merriment, no his wife, and the father of nieces and doubt, it is—though somewhat embitnephews,—whatever may be the charity of tered by the intrusive remembrance of his opinions, the charge is really a little too that unsparing castigator of vice, Mr ludicrously uncharitable towards them, under all circumstances. He looks at his Gifford, and clouded over by the melanwife and his family, and shakes his shoul- choly breathed from the shin-bone of ders and their own with laughing—which, his own poor old deceased grandmother. by the way, is rather an iniquitous custom

What a mixture of the horrible and of his. It might as well be said of him, absurd ! And the man who thus writes that he had Mr Giffard's temper, or used is—not a Christian, for that he denies his grandmother's shin-bone for a switch.” -but, forsooth, a poet ! one of the

There is no need for us to sink “Great spirits who on earth are sojourning!" down this unhappy man into deeper But Leigh Hunt is not guilty, in humiliation. Never before did the the above paragraph, of shocking levity abuse and prostitution of talents bring alone,-he is guilty of falsehood. It with them such prompt and memora- is not true, that he learnt for the first ble punishment. The pestilential air time, from that anonymous letter (so which Leigh Hunt breathed forth in- vulgar, that we could almost suspect to the world to poison and corrupt, him of having written it himself) VOL. III.

3 M

what charges were in circulation a when I first found myself within the gainst him. He knew it all before. walls of the House of Commons. I. Has he forgotten to whom he applied was then a young man, and my temfor explanation when Z.'s sharp essay per was never a cold one. I had heard on the Cockney Poetry cut him to the much of England. In the dearth of heart ? He knows what he said upon domestic freedom her great men had those occasions, and let him ponder become ours; for the human mind is upon it. But what could induce him formed for veneration, and every heart to suspect the amiable Bill Hazlitt, is an altar, undignified without its die “him, the immaculate," of being Z.? vinity, and useless without its sacriIt was this,-he imagined that none fice. but that foundered artist could know “ A lover of England, and an adthe fact of his feverish importunities mirer of every thing which tends to to be reviewed by him in the Edin- her greatness, I contemplated, notburgh Review. And therefore, hav. withstanding, with the impartiality ing almost

as fine an intellectual of a foreigner, scenes of political de touch” as “ Bill the painter” himself, bate and contention, which kindled he thought he saw Z. lurking beneath into all the bigotries of wrath, the the elegant exterior of that highly ac bosoms of those for whose benefit they complished man.

were exhibited. Absurdities which “ Dear Hazlitt, whose tact intellectual is found easy credence from the heated such,

minds of the English, made small That it seems to feel truth as one's fingers impression on the disinterested and do touch.”

dispassionate German. While rival But, for the present, we have nothing more to add. Leigh Hunt is each other every engine of oratorial

politicians were exhausting against delivered into our hands to do with conflict, their constituents eyed the him as we will. Our eye shall be up

combatants, as if every fear and every on him, and unless he amend his ways, to wither and to blast

him. The hope sat on the issue of the field, and

prayed for their friends, and cursed pages of the Edinburgh Review, we

their enemies, with all the fervour of are confident, are henceforth shut

a more fatal warfare ; but the calm against him.

One wicked Cockney will not again be permitted to praise ed by the mists of prejudice, though

spectator, whose optics were not blind. another in that journal, which, up to his reason might make him wish the the moment when incest and adultery

success of one party, was in no danwere defended in its

pages, had, howa ever openly at war with religion, kept the valour of those who were opposed

ger of despising the honest zeal or at least upon decent terms with the to them. With whomsoever the victory cause of morality. It was indeed a fatal day for Mr Jeffrey, when he der of the combat was to him a sufficient

of the day might be, the very existence graded both himself and his original proof, that the great issue was to be a coadjutors, by taking into pay such an

good one that the spirit of England unprincipled blunderer as Hazlitt. He is not a coadjutor, he is an accomplice. cion, on which the confidence of her

was entire—that the system of suspiThe day is perhaps not far distant, people is founded, was yet in all its when the Charlatan shall be stripped to the naked skin, and made to swal- vigour-and that therefore, in spite of

transient difficulties and petty disalow his own vile prescriptions. He

greements, her freedom would eventuand Leigh Hunt are " Arcades ambo

ally survive all the dangers to which, Et cantare pares”

at that eventful period, by the mingled Shall we add,

rage of despotism and democracy, its “ et respondere parati ?”

most sacred bulwarks were exposed. Z.

My eye formed acquaintance apace with the persons of all the eminent senators of England ; but their first

and last attraction was in those of Pitt (The following sketch is translated from a and Fox. The names of these illusMS. letter of the Baron Von Lauerwinkel.] trious rivals had long been, even among

foreigners, familiar as household I

SHALL not easily forget the im- words; and I recognised them the pression which was made upon me moment I perceived them, from their


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